Abstract

The optical extinction of single nanoparticles can be sensitively detected by spatial modulation spectroscopy (SMS), where the particle is moved in and out of a tightly focused laser beam with a piezo-device. Here we show that high sensitivity can be obtained by modulating the beam with a galvo-mirror system, rather than by moving the sample. This work demonstrates an inexpensive method for making a SMS microscope, and shows how an existing laser scanning microscope can be adapted for SMS measurements. The galvo-mirror technique also allows SMS measurements to be performed in a liquid, which is difficult to do with piezo-modulation.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. P. Berciaud, L. Cognet, G. A. Blab, and B. Lounis, “Photothermal heterodyne imaging of individual nonfluorescent nanoclusters and nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 257402 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Gaiduk, P. V. Ruijgrok, M. Yorulmaz, and M. Orrit, “Detection limits in photothermal microscopy,” Chem. Sci. 1, 343–350 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Gaiduk, M. Yorulmaz, P. V. Ruijgrok, and M. Orrit, “Room-temperature detection of a single molecule’s absorption by photothermal contrast,” Science 330, 353–356 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Kukura, M. Celebrano, A. Renn, and V. Sandoghdar, “Single-molecule sensitivity in optical absorption at room temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 3323–3327 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Celebrano, P. Kukura, A. Renn, and V. Sandoghdar, “Single-molecule imaging by optical absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5, 95–98 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. S. Chong, W. Min, and X. S. Xie, “Ground-state depletion microscopy: detection sensitivity of single-molecule optical absorption at room temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 3316–3322 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Selmke, M. Braun, and F. Cichos, “Photothermal single-particle microscopy: detection of a nanolens,” ACS Nano 6, 2741–2749 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. S. Chang and S. Link, “Enhancing the sensitivity of single-particle photothermal imaging with thermotropic liquid crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3, 1393–1399 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Radunz, D. Rings, K. Kroy, and F. Cichos, “Hot Brownian particles and photothermal correlation spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 1674–1677 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. M. R. Paulo, A. Gaiduk, F. Kulzer, S. F. G. Krens, H. P. Spaink, T. Schmidt, and M. Orrit, “Photothermal correlation spectroscopy of gold nanoparticles in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 11451–11457 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Selmke, M. Braun, and F. Cichos, “Gaussian beam photothermal single particle microscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 2237–2241 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Berto, E. B. Urena, P. Bon, R. Quidant, H. Rigneault, and G. Baffou, “Quantitative absorption spectroscopy of nano-objects,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 165417 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 127401 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. Juvé, M. F. Cardinal, A. Lombardi, A. Crut, P. Maioli, J. Pérez-Juste, L. M. Liz-Marzán, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Size-dependent surface plasmon resonance broadening in nonspherical nanoparticles: single gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 13, 2234–2240 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. Billaud, S. Marhaba, N. Grillet, E. Cottancin, C. Bonnet, J. Lerme, J. L. Vialle, M. Broyer, and M. Pellarin, “Absolute optical extinction measurements of single nano-objects by spatial modulation spectroscopy using a white lamp,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 043101 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Lombardi, M. Loumaigne, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, M. Spuch-Calvar, J. Burgin, J. Majimel, and M. Treguer-Delapierre, “Surface plasmon resonance properties of single elongated nanoobjects: gold nanobipyramids and nanorods,” Langmuir 28, 9027–9033 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Giblin, F. Vietmeyer, M. P. McDonald, and M. Kuno, “Single nanowire extinction spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 11, 3307–3311 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. Berciaud, L. Cognet, P. Tamarat, and B. Lounis, “Observation of intrinsic size effects in the optical response of individual gold nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 5, 515–518 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. N. Fairbairn, R. A. Light, R. Carter, R. Fernandes, A. G. Kanaras, T. J. Elliott, M. G. Somekh, M. C. Pitter, and O. L. Muskens, “Spatial modulation microscopy for real-time imaging of plasmonic nanoparticles and cells,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3015–3017 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  20. L. Oudjedi, A. N. G. Parra-Vasquez, A. G. Godin, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Metrological investigation of the (6,5) carbon nanotube absorption cross section,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4, 1460–1464 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  21. G. Frens, “Controlled nucleation for regulation of the particle size in monodisperse gold suspensions,” Nat. Phys. Sci. 241, 20–22 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  22. O. L. Muskens, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Single metal nanoparticle absorption spectroscopy and optical characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 063109 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  23. A. Curry, G. Nusz, A. Chilkoti, and A. Wax, “Substrate effect on refractive index dependence of plasmon resonance for individual silver nanoparticles observed using darkfield micro-spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 13, 2668–2677 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  24. A. Tcherniak, S. Dominguez-Medina, W. S. Chang, P. Swanglap, L. S. Slaughter, C. F. Landes, and S. Link, “One-photon plasmon luminescence and its application to correlation spectroscopy as a probe for rotational and translational dynamics of gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 15938–15949 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. Loumaigne, P. Vasanthakumar, A. Lombardi, A. Richard, and A. Debarre, “One-photon excited luminescence of single gold particles diffusing in solution under pulsed illumination,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15, 4154–4162 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  26. H. Cang, C. M. Wong, S. Xu, A. H. Rizvi, and H. Yang, “Confocal three dimensional tracking of a single nanoparticle with concurrent spectroscopic readouts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223901 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  27. C. S. Xu, H. Cang, D. Montiel, and H. Yang, “Rapid and quantitative sizing of nanoparticles using three-dimensional single-particle tracking,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 32–35 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2013

V. Juvé, M. F. Cardinal, A. Lombardi, A. Crut, P. Maioli, J. Pérez-Juste, L. M. Liz-Marzán, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Size-dependent surface plasmon resonance broadening in nonspherical nanoparticles: single gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 13, 2234–2240 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Oudjedi, A. N. G. Parra-Vasquez, A. G. Godin, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Metrological investigation of the (6,5) carbon nanotube absorption cross section,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4, 1460–1464 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Loumaigne, P. Vasanthakumar, A. Lombardi, A. Richard, and A. Debarre, “One-photon excited luminescence of single gold particles diffusing in solution under pulsed illumination,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15, 4154–4162 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

M. Selmke, M. Braun, and F. Cichos, “Gaussian beam photothermal single particle microscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 2237–2241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Berto, E. B. Urena, P. Bon, R. Quidant, H. Rigneault, and G. Baffou, “Quantitative absorption spectroscopy of nano-objects,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 165417 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Lombardi, M. Loumaigne, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, M. Spuch-Calvar, J. Burgin, J. Majimel, and M. Treguer-Delapierre, “Surface plasmon resonance properties of single elongated nanoobjects: gold nanobipyramids and nanorods,” Langmuir 28, 9027–9033 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Fairbairn, R. A. Light, R. Carter, R. Fernandes, A. G. Kanaras, T. J. Elliott, M. G. Somekh, M. C. Pitter, and O. L. Muskens, “Spatial modulation microscopy for real-time imaging of plasmonic nanoparticles and cells,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3015–3017 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Selmke, M. Braun, and F. Cichos, “Photothermal single-particle microscopy: detection of a nanolens,” ACS Nano 6, 2741–2749 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Chang and S. Link, “Enhancing the sensitivity of single-particle photothermal imaging with thermotropic liquid crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3, 1393–1399 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

M. Celebrano, P. Kukura, A. Renn, and V. Sandoghdar, “Single-molecule imaging by optical absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5, 95–98 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Giblin, F. Vietmeyer, M. P. McDonald, and M. Kuno, “Single nanowire extinction spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 11, 3307–3311 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Tcherniak, S. Dominguez-Medina, W. S. Chang, P. Swanglap, L. S. Slaughter, C. F. Landes, and S. Link, “One-photon plasmon luminescence and its application to correlation spectroscopy as a probe for rotational and translational dynamics of gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 15938–15949 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

P. Billaud, S. Marhaba, N. Grillet, E. Cottancin, C. Bonnet, J. Lerme, J. L. Vialle, M. Broyer, and M. Pellarin, “Absolute optical extinction measurements of single nano-objects by spatial modulation spectroscopy using a white lamp,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 043101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Chong, W. Min, and X. S. Xie, “Ground-state depletion microscopy: detection sensitivity of single-molecule optical absorption at room temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 3316–3322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Gaiduk, P. V. Ruijgrok, M. Yorulmaz, and M. Orrit, “Detection limits in photothermal microscopy,” Chem. Sci. 1, 343–350 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Gaiduk, M. Yorulmaz, P. V. Ruijgrok, and M. Orrit, “Room-temperature detection of a single molecule’s absorption by photothermal contrast,” Science 330, 353–356 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Kukura, M. Celebrano, A. Renn, and V. Sandoghdar, “Single-molecule sensitivity in optical absorption at room temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 3323–3327 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

R. Radunz, D. Rings, K. Kroy, and F. Cichos, “Hot Brownian particles and photothermal correlation spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 1674–1677 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. M. R. Paulo, A. Gaiduk, F. Kulzer, S. F. G. Krens, H. P. Spaink, T. Schmidt, and M. Orrit, “Photothermal correlation spectroscopy of gold nanoparticles in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 11451–11457 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

C. S. Xu, H. Cang, D. Montiel, and H. Yang, “Rapid and quantitative sizing of nanoparticles using three-dimensional single-particle tracking,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 32–35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

H. Cang, C. M. Wong, S. Xu, A. H. Rizvi, and H. Yang, “Confocal three dimensional tracking of a single nanoparticle with concurrent spectroscopic readouts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Muskens, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Single metal nanoparticle absorption spectroscopy and optical characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 063109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

A. Curry, G. Nusz, A. Chilkoti, and A. Wax, “Substrate effect on refractive index dependence of plasmon resonance for individual silver nanoparticles observed using darkfield micro-spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 13, 2668–2677 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Berciaud, L. Cognet, P. Tamarat, and B. Lounis, “Observation of intrinsic size effects in the optical response of individual gold nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 5, 515–518 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. P. Berciaud, L. Cognet, G. A. Blab, and B. Lounis, “Photothermal heterodyne imaging of individual nonfluorescent nanoclusters and nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 257402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1973

G. Frens, “Controlled nucleation for regulation of the particle size in monodisperse gold suspensions,” Nat. Phys. Sci. 241, 20–22 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Arbouet, A.

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Arnaud, L.

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baffou, G.

P. Berto, E. B. Urena, P. Bon, R. Quidant, H. Rigneault, and G. Baffou, “Quantitative absorption spectroscopy of nano-objects,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 165417 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Berciaud, S.

S. Berciaud, L. Cognet, P. Tamarat, and B. Lounis, “Observation of intrinsic size effects in the optical response of individual gold nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 5, 515–518 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Berciaud, S. P.

S. P. Berciaud, L. Cognet, G. A. Blab, and B. Lounis, “Photothermal heterodyne imaging of individual nonfluorescent nanoclusters and nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 257402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Berto, P.

P. Berto, E. B. Urena, P. Bon, R. Quidant, H. Rigneault, and G. Baffou, “Quantitative absorption spectroscopy of nano-objects,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 165417 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Billaud, P.

P. Billaud, S. Marhaba, N. Grillet, E. Cottancin, C. Bonnet, J. Lerme, J. L. Vialle, M. Broyer, and M. Pellarin, “Absolute optical extinction measurements of single nano-objects by spatial modulation spectroscopy using a white lamp,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 043101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Muskens, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Single metal nanoparticle absorption spectroscopy and optical characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 063109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Blab, G. A.

S. P. Berciaud, L. Cognet, G. A. Blab, and B. Lounis, “Photothermal heterodyne imaging of individual nonfluorescent nanoclusters and nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 257402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bon, P.

P. Berto, E. B. Urena, P. Bon, R. Quidant, H. Rigneault, and G. Baffou, “Quantitative absorption spectroscopy of nano-objects,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 165417 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bonnet, C.

P. Billaud, S. Marhaba, N. Grillet, E. Cottancin, C. Bonnet, J. Lerme, J. L. Vialle, M. Broyer, and M. Pellarin, “Absolute optical extinction measurements of single nano-objects by spatial modulation spectroscopy using a white lamp,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 043101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Braun, M.

M. Selmke, M. Braun, and F. Cichos, “Gaussian beam photothermal single particle microscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 2237–2241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Selmke, M. Braun, and F. Cichos, “Photothermal single-particle microscopy: detection of a nanolens,” ACS Nano 6, 2741–2749 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Broyer, M.

P. Billaud, S. Marhaba, N. Grillet, E. Cottancin, C. Bonnet, J. Lerme, J. L. Vialle, M. Broyer, and M. Pellarin, “Absolute optical extinction measurements of single nano-objects by spatial modulation spectroscopy using a white lamp,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 043101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Muskens, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Single metal nanoparticle absorption spectroscopy and optical characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 063109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Burgin, J.

A. Lombardi, M. Loumaigne, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, M. Spuch-Calvar, J. Burgin, J. Majimel, and M. Treguer-Delapierre, “Surface plasmon resonance properties of single elongated nanoobjects: gold nanobipyramids and nanorods,” Langmuir 28, 9027–9033 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cang, H.

C. S. Xu, H. Cang, D. Montiel, and H. Yang, “Rapid and quantitative sizing of nanoparticles using three-dimensional single-particle tracking,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 32–35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Cang, C. M. Wong, S. Xu, A. H. Rizvi, and H. Yang, “Confocal three dimensional tracking of a single nanoparticle with concurrent spectroscopic readouts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cardinal, M. F.

V. Juvé, M. F. Cardinal, A. Lombardi, A. Crut, P. Maioli, J. Pérez-Juste, L. M. Liz-Marzán, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Size-dependent surface plasmon resonance broadening in nonspherical nanoparticles: single gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 13, 2234–2240 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Carter, R.

Celebrano, M.

M. Celebrano, P. Kukura, A. Renn, and V. Sandoghdar, “Single-molecule imaging by optical absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5, 95–98 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Kukura, M. Celebrano, A. Renn, and V. Sandoghdar, “Single-molecule sensitivity in optical absorption at room temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 3323–3327 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chang, W. S.

W. S. Chang and S. Link, “Enhancing the sensitivity of single-particle photothermal imaging with thermotropic liquid crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3, 1393–1399 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Tcherniak, S. Dominguez-Medina, W. S. Chang, P. Swanglap, L. S. Slaughter, C. F. Landes, and S. Link, “One-photon plasmon luminescence and its application to correlation spectroscopy as a probe for rotational and translational dynamics of gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 15938–15949 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chilkoti, A.

Chong, S. S.

S. S. Chong, W. Min, and X. S. Xie, “Ground-state depletion microscopy: detection sensitivity of single-molecule optical absorption at room temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 3316–3322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Christofilos, D.

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cichos, F.

M. Selmke, M. Braun, and F. Cichos, “Gaussian beam photothermal single particle microscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 2237–2241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Selmke, M. Braun, and F. Cichos, “Photothermal single-particle microscopy: detection of a nanolens,” ACS Nano 6, 2741–2749 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Radunz, D. Rings, K. Kroy, and F. Cichos, “Hot Brownian particles and photothermal correlation spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 1674–1677 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cognet, L.

L. Oudjedi, A. N. G. Parra-Vasquez, A. G. Godin, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Metrological investigation of the (6,5) carbon nanotube absorption cross section,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4, 1460–1464 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Berciaud, L. Cognet, P. Tamarat, and B. Lounis, “Observation of intrinsic size effects in the optical response of individual gold nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 5, 515–518 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Berciaud, L. Cognet, G. A. Blab, and B. Lounis, “Photothermal heterodyne imaging of individual nonfluorescent nanoclusters and nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 257402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cottancin, E.

P. Billaud, S. Marhaba, N. Grillet, E. Cottancin, C. Bonnet, J. Lerme, J. L. Vialle, M. Broyer, and M. Pellarin, “Absolute optical extinction measurements of single nano-objects by spatial modulation spectroscopy using a white lamp,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 043101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Crut, A.

V. Juvé, M. F. Cardinal, A. Lombardi, A. Crut, P. Maioli, J. Pérez-Juste, L. M. Liz-Marzán, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Size-dependent surface plasmon resonance broadening in nonspherical nanoparticles: single gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 13, 2234–2240 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Lombardi, M. Loumaigne, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, M. Spuch-Calvar, J. Burgin, J. Majimel, and M. Treguer-Delapierre, “Surface plasmon resonance properties of single elongated nanoobjects: gold nanobipyramids and nanorods,” Langmuir 28, 9027–9033 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Curry, A.

Debarre, A.

M. Loumaigne, P. Vasanthakumar, A. Lombardi, A. Richard, and A. Debarre, “One-photon excited luminescence of single gold particles diffusing in solution under pulsed illumination,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15, 4154–4162 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Del Fatti, N.

V. Juvé, M. F. Cardinal, A. Lombardi, A. Crut, P. Maioli, J. Pérez-Juste, L. M. Liz-Marzán, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Size-dependent surface plasmon resonance broadening in nonspherical nanoparticles: single gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 13, 2234–2240 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Lombardi, M. Loumaigne, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, M. Spuch-Calvar, J. Burgin, J. Majimel, and M. Treguer-Delapierre, “Surface plasmon resonance properties of single elongated nanoobjects: gold nanobipyramids and nanorods,” Langmuir 28, 9027–9033 (2012).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Muskens, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Single metal nanoparticle absorption spectroscopy and optical characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 063109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dominguez-Medina, S.

A. Tcherniak, S. Dominguez-Medina, W. S. Chang, P. Swanglap, L. S. Slaughter, C. F. Landes, and S. Link, “One-photon plasmon luminescence and its application to correlation spectroscopy as a probe for rotational and translational dynamics of gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 15938–15949 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Elliott, T. J.

Fairbairn, N.

Fernandes, R.

Frens, G.

G. Frens, “Controlled nucleation for regulation of the particle size in monodisperse gold suspensions,” Nat. Phys. Sci. 241, 20–22 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Gaiduk, A.

A. Gaiduk, P. V. Ruijgrok, M. Yorulmaz, and M. Orrit, “Detection limits in photothermal microscopy,” Chem. Sci. 1, 343–350 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Gaiduk, M. Yorulmaz, P. V. Ruijgrok, and M. Orrit, “Room-temperature detection of a single molecule’s absorption by photothermal contrast,” Science 330, 353–356 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. M. R. Paulo, A. Gaiduk, F. Kulzer, S. F. G. Krens, H. P. Spaink, T. Schmidt, and M. Orrit, “Photothermal correlation spectroscopy of gold nanoparticles in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 11451–11457 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Giblin, J.

J. Giblin, F. Vietmeyer, M. P. McDonald, and M. Kuno, “Single nanowire extinction spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 11, 3307–3311 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Godin, A. G.

L. Oudjedi, A. N. G. Parra-Vasquez, A. G. Godin, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Metrological investigation of the (6,5) carbon nanotube absorption cross section,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4, 1460–1464 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Grillet, N.

P. Billaud, S. Marhaba, N. Grillet, E. Cottancin, C. Bonnet, J. Lerme, J. L. Vialle, M. Broyer, and M. Pellarin, “Absolute optical extinction measurements of single nano-objects by spatial modulation spectroscopy using a white lamp,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 043101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huntzinger, J. R.

O. L. Muskens, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Single metal nanoparticle absorption spectroscopy and optical characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 063109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Juvé, V.

V. Juvé, M. F. Cardinal, A. Lombardi, A. Crut, P. Maioli, J. Pérez-Juste, L. M. Liz-Marzán, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Size-dependent surface plasmon resonance broadening in nonspherical nanoparticles: single gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 13, 2234–2240 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kanaras, A. G.

Krens, S. F. G.

P. M. R. Paulo, A. Gaiduk, F. Kulzer, S. F. G. Krens, H. P. Spaink, T. Schmidt, and M. Orrit, “Photothermal correlation spectroscopy of gold nanoparticles in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 11451–11457 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kroy, K.

R. Radunz, D. Rings, K. Kroy, and F. Cichos, “Hot Brownian particles and photothermal correlation spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 1674–1677 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kukura, P.

M. Celebrano, P. Kukura, A. Renn, and V. Sandoghdar, “Single-molecule imaging by optical absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5, 95–98 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Kukura, M. Celebrano, A. Renn, and V. Sandoghdar, “Single-molecule sensitivity in optical absorption at room temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 3323–3327 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kulzer, F.

P. M. R. Paulo, A. Gaiduk, F. Kulzer, S. F. G. Krens, H. P. Spaink, T. Schmidt, and M. Orrit, “Photothermal correlation spectroscopy of gold nanoparticles in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 11451–11457 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kuno, M.

J. Giblin, F. Vietmeyer, M. P. McDonald, and M. Kuno, “Single nanowire extinction spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 11, 3307–3311 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Landes, C. F.

A. Tcherniak, S. Dominguez-Medina, W. S. Chang, P. Swanglap, L. S. Slaughter, C. F. Landes, and S. Link, “One-photon plasmon luminescence and its application to correlation spectroscopy as a probe for rotational and translational dynamics of gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 15938–15949 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lerme, J.

P. Billaud, S. Marhaba, N. Grillet, E. Cottancin, C. Bonnet, J. Lerme, J. L. Vialle, M. Broyer, and M. Pellarin, “Absolute optical extinction measurements of single nano-objects by spatial modulation spectroscopy using a white lamp,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 043101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Light, R. A.

Link, S.

W. S. Chang and S. Link, “Enhancing the sensitivity of single-particle photothermal imaging with thermotropic liquid crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3, 1393–1399 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Tcherniak, S. Dominguez-Medina, W. S. Chang, P. Swanglap, L. S. Slaughter, C. F. Landes, and S. Link, “One-photon plasmon luminescence and its application to correlation spectroscopy as a probe for rotational and translational dynamics of gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 15938–15949 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liz-Marzán, L. M.

V. Juvé, M. F. Cardinal, A. Lombardi, A. Crut, P. Maioli, J. Pérez-Juste, L. M. Liz-Marzán, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Size-dependent surface plasmon resonance broadening in nonspherical nanoparticles: single gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 13, 2234–2240 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lombardi, A.

V. Juvé, M. F. Cardinal, A. Lombardi, A. Crut, P. Maioli, J. Pérez-Juste, L. M. Liz-Marzán, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Size-dependent surface plasmon resonance broadening in nonspherical nanoparticles: single gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 13, 2234–2240 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Loumaigne, P. Vasanthakumar, A. Lombardi, A. Richard, and A. Debarre, “One-photon excited luminescence of single gold particles diffusing in solution under pulsed illumination,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15, 4154–4162 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Lombardi, M. Loumaigne, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, M. Spuch-Calvar, J. Burgin, J. Majimel, and M. Treguer-Delapierre, “Surface plasmon resonance properties of single elongated nanoobjects: gold nanobipyramids and nanorods,” Langmuir 28, 9027–9033 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Loumaigne, M.

M. Loumaigne, P. Vasanthakumar, A. Lombardi, A. Richard, and A. Debarre, “One-photon excited luminescence of single gold particles diffusing in solution under pulsed illumination,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15, 4154–4162 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Lombardi, M. Loumaigne, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, M. Spuch-Calvar, J. Burgin, J. Majimel, and M. Treguer-Delapierre, “Surface plasmon resonance properties of single elongated nanoobjects: gold nanobipyramids and nanorods,” Langmuir 28, 9027–9033 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lounis, B.

L. Oudjedi, A. N. G. Parra-Vasquez, A. G. Godin, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Metrological investigation of the (6,5) carbon nanotube absorption cross section,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4, 1460–1464 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Berciaud, L. Cognet, P. Tamarat, and B. Lounis, “Observation of intrinsic size effects in the optical response of individual gold nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 5, 515–518 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Berciaud, L. Cognet, G. A. Blab, and B. Lounis, “Photothermal heterodyne imaging of individual nonfluorescent nanoclusters and nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 257402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Maioli, P.

V. Juvé, M. F. Cardinal, A. Lombardi, A. Crut, P. Maioli, J. Pérez-Juste, L. M. Liz-Marzán, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Size-dependent surface plasmon resonance broadening in nonspherical nanoparticles: single gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 13, 2234–2240 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Lombardi, M. Loumaigne, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, M. Spuch-Calvar, J. Burgin, J. Majimel, and M. Treguer-Delapierre, “Surface plasmon resonance properties of single elongated nanoobjects: gold nanobipyramids and nanorods,” Langmuir 28, 9027–9033 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Majimel, J.

A. Lombardi, M. Loumaigne, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, M. Spuch-Calvar, J. Burgin, J. Majimel, and M. Treguer-Delapierre, “Surface plasmon resonance properties of single elongated nanoobjects: gold nanobipyramids and nanorods,” Langmuir 28, 9027–9033 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Marhaba, S.

P. Billaud, S. Marhaba, N. Grillet, E. Cottancin, C. Bonnet, J. Lerme, J. L. Vialle, M. Broyer, and M. Pellarin, “Absolute optical extinction measurements of single nano-objects by spatial modulation spectroscopy using a white lamp,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 043101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

McDonald, M. P.

J. Giblin, F. Vietmeyer, M. P. McDonald, and M. Kuno, “Single nanowire extinction spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 11, 3307–3311 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Min, W.

S. S. Chong, W. Min, and X. S. Xie, “Ground-state depletion microscopy: detection sensitivity of single-molecule optical absorption at room temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 3316–3322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Montiel, D.

C. S. Xu, H. Cang, D. Montiel, and H. Yang, “Rapid and quantitative sizing of nanoparticles using three-dimensional single-particle tracking,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 32–35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Muskens, O. L.

N. Fairbairn, R. A. Light, R. Carter, R. Fernandes, A. G. Kanaras, T. J. Elliott, M. G. Somekh, M. C. Pitter, and O. L. Muskens, “Spatial modulation microscopy for real-time imaging of plasmonic nanoparticles and cells,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3015–3017 (2012).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Muskens, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Single metal nanoparticle absorption spectroscopy and optical characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 063109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nusz, G.

Orrit, M.

A. Gaiduk, M. Yorulmaz, P. V. Ruijgrok, and M. Orrit, “Room-temperature detection of a single molecule’s absorption by photothermal contrast,” Science 330, 353–356 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Gaiduk, P. V. Ruijgrok, M. Yorulmaz, and M. Orrit, “Detection limits in photothermal microscopy,” Chem. Sci. 1, 343–350 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. M. R. Paulo, A. Gaiduk, F. Kulzer, S. F. G. Krens, H. P. Spaink, T. Schmidt, and M. Orrit, “Photothermal correlation spectroscopy of gold nanoparticles in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 11451–11457 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Oudjedi, L.

L. Oudjedi, A. N. G. Parra-Vasquez, A. G. Godin, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Metrological investigation of the (6,5) carbon nanotube absorption cross section,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4, 1460–1464 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Parra-Vasquez, A. N. G.

L. Oudjedi, A. N. G. Parra-Vasquez, A. G. Godin, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Metrological investigation of the (6,5) carbon nanotube absorption cross section,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4, 1460–1464 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Paulo, P. M. R.

P. M. R. Paulo, A. Gaiduk, F. Kulzer, S. F. G. Krens, H. P. Spaink, T. Schmidt, and M. Orrit, “Photothermal correlation spectroscopy of gold nanoparticles in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 11451–11457 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pellarin, M.

P. Billaud, S. Marhaba, N. Grillet, E. Cottancin, C. Bonnet, J. Lerme, J. L. Vialle, M. Broyer, and M. Pellarin, “Absolute optical extinction measurements of single nano-objects by spatial modulation spectroscopy using a white lamp,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 043101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pérez-Juste, J.

V. Juvé, M. F. Cardinal, A. Lombardi, A. Crut, P. Maioli, J. Pérez-Juste, L. M. Liz-Marzán, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Size-dependent surface plasmon resonance broadening in nonspherical nanoparticles: single gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 13, 2234–2240 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Pitter, M. C.

Quidant, R.

P. Berto, E. B. Urena, P. Bon, R. Quidant, H. Rigneault, and G. Baffou, “Quantitative absorption spectroscopy of nano-objects,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 165417 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Radunz, R.

R. Radunz, D. Rings, K. Kroy, and F. Cichos, “Hot Brownian particles and photothermal correlation spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 1674–1677 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Renn, A.

M. Celebrano, P. Kukura, A. Renn, and V. Sandoghdar, “Single-molecule imaging by optical absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5, 95–98 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Kukura, M. Celebrano, A. Renn, and V. Sandoghdar, “Single-molecule sensitivity in optical absorption at room temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 3323–3327 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Richard, A.

M. Loumaigne, P. Vasanthakumar, A. Lombardi, A. Richard, and A. Debarre, “One-photon excited luminescence of single gold particles diffusing in solution under pulsed illumination,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15, 4154–4162 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Rigneault, H.

P. Berto, E. B. Urena, P. Bon, R. Quidant, H. Rigneault, and G. Baffou, “Quantitative absorption spectroscopy of nano-objects,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 165417 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rings, D.

R. Radunz, D. Rings, K. Kroy, and F. Cichos, “Hot Brownian particles and photothermal correlation spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 1674–1677 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rizvi, A. H.

H. Cang, C. M. Wong, S. Xu, A. H. Rizvi, and H. Yang, “Confocal three dimensional tracking of a single nanoparticle with concurrent spectroscopic readouts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ruijgrok, P. V.

A. Gaiduk, M. Yorulmaz, P. V. Ruijgrok, and M. Orrit, “Room-temperature detection of a single molecule’s absorption by photothermal contrast,” Science 330, 353–356 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Gaiduk, P. V. Ruijgrok, M. Yorulmaz, and M. Orrit, “Detection limits in photothermal microscopy,” Chem. Sci. 1, 343–350 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sandoghdar, V.

M. Celebrano, P. Kukura, A. Renn, and V. Sandoghdar, “Single-molecule imaging by optical absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5, 95–98 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Kukura, M. Celebrano, A. Renn, and V. Sandoghdar, “Single-molecule sensitivity in optical absorption at room temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 3323–3327 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, T.

P. M. R. Paulo, A. Gaiduk, F. Kulzer, S. F. G. Krens, H. P. Spaink, T. Schmidt, and M. Orrit, “Photothermal correlation spectroscopy of gold nanoparticles in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 11451–11457 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Selmke, M.

M. Selmke, M. Braun, and F. Cichos, “Gaussian beam photothermal single particle microscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 2237–2241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Selmke, M. Braun, and F. Cichos, “Photothermal single-particle microscopy: detection of a nanolens,” ACS Nano 6, 2741–2749 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Slaughter, L. S.

A. Tcherniak, S. Dominguez-Medina, W. S. Chang, P. Swanglap, L. S. Slaughter, C. F. Landes, and S. Link, “One-photon plasmon luminescence and its application to correlation spectroscopy as a probe for rotational and translational dynamics of gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 15938–15949 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Somekh, M. G.

Spaink, H. P.

P. M. R. Paulo, A. Gaiduk, F. Kulzer, S. F. G. Krens, H. P. Spaink, T. Schmidt, and M. Orrit, “Photothermal correlation spectroscopy of gold nanoparticles in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 11451–11457 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Spuch-Calvar, M.

A. Lombardi, M. Loumaigne, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, M. Spuch-Calvar, J. Burgin, J. Majimel, and M. Treguer-Delapierre, “Surface plasmon resonance properties of single elongated nanoobjects: gold nanobipyramids and nanorods,” Langmuir 28, 9027–9033 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Swanglap, P.

A. Tcherniak, S. Dominguez-Medina, W. S. Chang, P. Swanglap, L. S. Slaughter, C. F. Landes, and S. Link, “One-photon plasmon luminescence and its application to correlation spectroscopy as a probe for rotational and translational dynamics of gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 15938–15949 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tamarat, P.

S. Berciaud, L. Cognet, P. Tamarat, and B. Lounis, “Observation of intrinsic size effects in the optical response of individual gold nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 5, 515–518 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tcherniak, A.

A. Tcherniak, S. Dominguez-Medina, W. S. Chang, P. Swanglap, L. S. Slaughter, C. F. Landes, and S. Link, “One-photon plasmon luminescence and its application to correlation spectroscopy as a probe for rotational and translational dynamics of gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 15938–15949 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Treguer-Delapierre, M.

A. Lombardi, M. Loumaigne, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, M. Spuch-Calvar, J. Burgin, J. Majimel, and M. Treguer-Delapierre, “Surface plasmon resonance properties of single elongated nanoobjects: gold nanobipyramids and nanorods,” Langmuir 28, 9027–9033 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Urena, E. B.

P. Berto, E. B. Urena, P. Bon, R. Quidant, H. Rigneault, and G. Baffou, “Quantitative absorption spectroscopy of nano-objects,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 165417 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vallée, F.

V. Juvé, M. F. Cardinal, A. Lombardi, A. Crut, P. Maioli, J. Pérez-Juste, L. M. Liz-Marzán, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Size-dependent surface plasmon resonance broadening in nonspherical nanoparticles: single gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 13, 2234–2240 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Lombardi, M. Loumaigne, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, M. Spuch-Calvar, J. Burgin, J. Majimel, and M. Treguer-Delapierre, “Surface plasmon resonance properties of single elongated nanoobjects: gold nanobipyramids and nanorods,” Langmuir 28, 9027–9033 (2012).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Muskens, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Single metal nanoparticle absorption spectroscopy and optical characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 063109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vasanthakumar, P.

M. Loumaigne, P. Vasanthakumar, A. Lombardi, A. Richard, and A. Debarre, “One-photon excited luminescence of single gold particles diffusing in solution under pulsed illumination,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15, 4154–4162 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Vialle, J. L.

P. Billaud, S. Marhaba, N. Grillet, E. Cottancin, C. Bonnet, J. Lerme, J. L. Vialle, M. Broyer, and M. Pellarin, “Absolute optical extinction measurements of single nano-objects by spatial modulation spectroscopy using a white lamp,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 043101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vietmeyer, F.

J. Giblin, F. Vietmeyer, M. P. McDonald, and M. Kuno, “Single nanowire extinction spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 11, 3307–3311 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wax, A.

Wong, C. M.

H. Cang, C. M. Wong, S. Xu, A. H. Rizvi, and H. Yang, “Confocal three dimensional tracking of a single nanoparticle with concurrent spectroscopic readouts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xie, X. S.

S. S. Chong, W. Min, and X. S. Xie, “Ground-state depletion microscopy: detection sensitivity of single-molecule optical absorption at room temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 3316–3322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C. S.

C. S. Xu, H. Cang, D. Montiel, and H. Yang, “Rapid and quantitative sizing of nanoparticles using three-dimensional single-particle tracking,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 32–35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, S.

H. Cang, C. M. Wong, S. Xu, A. H. Rizvi, and H. Yang, “Confocal three dimensional tracking of a single nanoparticle with concurrent spectroscopic readouts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

C. S. Xu, H. Cang, D. Montiel, and H. Yang, “Rapid and quantitative sizing of nanoparticles using three-dimensional single-particle tracking,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 32–35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Cang, C. M. Wong, S. Xu, A. H. Rizvi, and H. Yang, “Confocal three dimensional tracking of a single nanoparticle with concurrent spectroscopic readouts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yorulmaz, M.

A. Gaiduk, P. V. Ruijgrok, M. Yorulmaz, and M. Orrit, “Detection limits in photothermal microscopy,” Chem. Sci. 1, 343–350 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Gaiduk, M. Yorulmaz, P. V. Ruijgrok, and M. Orrit, “Room-temperature detection of a single molecule’s absorption by photothermal contrast,” Science 330, 353–356 (2010).
[CrossRef]

ACS Nano

M. Selmke, M. Braun, and F. Cichos, “Photothermal single-particle microscopy: detection of a nanolens,” ACS Nano 6, 2741–2749 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

O. L. Muskens, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Single metal nanoparticle absorption spectroscopy and optical characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 063109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Cang, C. M. Wong, S. Xu, A. H. Rizvi, and H. Yang, “Confocal three dimensional tracking of a single nanoparticle with concurrent spectroscopic readouts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Sci.

A. Gaiduk, P. V. Ruijgrok, M. Yorulmaz, and M. Orrit, “Detection limits in photothermal microscopy,” Chem. Sci. 1, 343–350 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

J. Phys. Chem. A

R. Radunz, D. Rings, K. Kroy, and F. Cichos, “Hot Brownian particles and photothermal correlation spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 1674–1677 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C

P. M. R. Paulo, A. Gaiduk, F. Kulzer, S. F. G. Krens, H. P. Spaink, T. Schmidt, and M. Orrit, “Photothermal correlation spectroscopy of gold nanoparticles in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 11451–11457 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Xu, H. Cang, D. Montiel, and H. Yang, “Rapid and quantitative sizing of nanoparticles using three-dimensional single-particle tracking,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 32–35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Tcherniak, S. Dominguez-Medina, W. S. Chang, P. Swanglap, L. S. Slaughter, C. F. Landes, and S. Link, “One-photon plasmon luminescence and its application to correlation spectroscopy as a probe for rotational and translational dynamics of gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 15938–15949 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Lett.

L. Oudjedi, A. N. G. Parra-Vasquez, A. G. Godin, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Metrological investigation of the (6,5) carbon nanotube absorption cross section,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4, 1460–1464 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Kukura, M. Celebrano, A. Renn, and V. Sandoghdar, “Single-molecule sensitivity in optical absorption at room temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 3323–3327 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Chang and S. Link, “Enhancing the sensitivity of single-particle photothermal imaging with thermotropic liquid crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3, 1393–1399 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Chong, W. Min, and X. S. Xie, “Ground-state depletion microscopy: detection sensitivity of single-molecule optical absorption at room temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 3316–3322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir

A. Lombardi, M. Loumaigne, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, M. Spuch-Calvar, J. Burgin, J. Majimel, and M. Treguer-Delapierre, “Surface plasmon resonance properties of single elongated nanoobjects: gold nanobipyramids and nanorods,” Langmuir 28, 9027–9033 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

J. Giblin, F. Vietmeyer, M. P. McDonald, and M. Kuno, “Single nanowire extinction spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 11, 3307–3311 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Berciaud, L. Cognet, P. Tamarat, and B. Lounis, “Observation of intrinsic size effects in the optical response of individual gold nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 5, 515–518 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Juvé, M. F. Cardinal, A. Lombardi, A. Crut, P. Maioli, J. Pérez-Juste, L. M. Liz-Marzán, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Size-dependent surface plasmon resonance broadening in nonspherical nanoparticles: single gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 13, 2234–2240 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

M. Celebrano, P. Kukura, A. Renn, and V. Sandoghdar, “Single-molecule imaging by optical absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5, 95–98 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. Sci.

G. Frens, “Controlled nucleation for regulation of the particle size in monodisperse gold suspensions,” Nat. Phys. Sci. 241, 20–22 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.

M. Loumaigne, P. Vasanthakumar, A. Lombardi, A. Richard, and A. Debarre, “One-photon excited luminescence of single gold particles diffusing in solution under pulsed illumination,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15, 4154–4162 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

P. Berto, E. B. Urena, P. Bon, R. Quidant, H. Rigneault, and G. Baffou, “Quantitative absorption spectroscopy of nano-objects,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 165417 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Berciaud, L. Cognet, G. A. Blab, and B. Lounis, “Photothermal heterodyne imaging of individual nonfluorescent nanoclusters and nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 257402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

P. Billaud, S. Marhaba, N. Grillet, E. Cottancin, C. Bonnet, J. Lerme, J. L. Vialle, M. Broyer, and M. Pellarin, “Absolute optical extinction measurements of single nano-objects by spatial modulation spectroscopy using a white lamp,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 043101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Science

A. Gaiduk, M. Yorulmaz, P. V. Ruijgrok, and M. Orrit, “Room-temperature detection of a single molecule’s absorption by photothermal contrast,” Science 330, 353–356 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the experimental scheme for SMS measurements with a galvo-scanning mirror system. The inset shows the setup with the AOD. DVM, digital voltmeter; AOD, acousto-optic deflector.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

A, 1f contour plot of the 23±2nm sample; B, line profile of a particle in A along with a fit to the data; C, 2f contour plot of the same area as in A; D, line profile for the same particle as in B. The data were recorded with a lock-in time constant of 10 ms, a 30 ms pixel dwell time, and an incident laser power of 100 μW. E, 1f contour plot of the 9±1nm sample; F, line plot of a particle with a fit; G, 1f contour plot of the 23±2nm sample using an AOD; H, corresponding line profile and fit for a particle. The scale bar in all the images is 1 μm. The circles indicate the particles analyzed in the line profiles.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

A, time trace for diffusion of 35±4nm particles into the laser focal volume; B, time trace for 51±3nm particles. Both traces were recorded in water. The data were recorded with a lock-in time constant of 3 ms, 10 ms between points, and a laser power of 200 μW. C, time trace for the 51±3nm particles in a 30% H2O–glycerol solution; D, corresponding correlation analysis of the data in C.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

A, 1f contour plot of the 51±3nm sample using the GSM system; B, 1f contour plot of the same area obtained by moving the piezo-stage. The data were recorded with a lock-in time constant of 10 ms, a 30 ms pixel dwell time, 0.1 μm step size, and an incident laser power of 200 μW. The scale bars correspond to 1 μm. Both images were obtained in transmission configuration.

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