Abstract

The Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI), which will be launched in late 2015 on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite R-series satellite, will be evaluated in terms of its data quality postlaunch through comparisons with other satellite sensors such as the recently launched Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) aboard the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership satellite. The ABI has completed much of its prelaunch characterization and its developers have generated and released its channel spectral response functions (response versus wavelength). Using these responses and constraining a radiative transfer model with ground reflectance, aerosol, and water vapor measurements, we simulate observed top of atmosphere (TOA) reflectances for analogous visible and near infrared channels of the VIIRS and ABI sensors at the Sonoran Desert and White Sands National Monument sites and calculate the radiometric biases and their uncertainties. We also calculate sensor TOA reflectances using aircraft hyperspectral data from the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer to validate the uncertainties in several of the ABI and VIIRS channels and discuss the potential for validating the others. Once on-orbit, calibration scientists can use these biases to ensure ABI data quality and consistency to support the numerical weather prediction community and other data users. They can also use the results for ABI or VIIRS anomaly detection and resolution.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

C. Cao, F. J. De Luccia, X. Xiong, R. Wolfe, and F. Weng, “Early on-orbit performance of the visible infrared imaging radiometer suite onboard the suomi national polar-orbiting partnership (S-NPP) satellite,” IEEE T Geosci. Remote 0196, 2892 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

M. Smith and D. Karlson, “The GOES-R series: the nation’s next-generation geostationary operational environmental satellites,” Earth Scientist 28, 18 (2012).

2011 (1)

F. Callieco and F. Dell’Acqua, “A comparison between two radiative transfer models for atmospheric correction over a wide range of wavelengths,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 32, 1357–1370 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

L. Wang, X. Wu, Y. Li, M. Goldberg, and S. Sohn, “Comparison of AIRS and IASI radiances using GOES imagers as transfer radiometers toward climate data records,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 49, 478–492 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Chander, X. Xiong, T. Choi, and A. Angal, “Monitoring on-orbit calibration stability of the Terra/MODIS and Landsat 7 ETM+ sensors using pseudo-invariant test sites,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114, 925–939 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

M. Gunshor, T. J. Schmit, W. P. Menzel, and D. C. Tobin, “Intercalibration of broadband geostationary imagers using AIRS,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 746–758 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

L. Wang, C. Cao, and P. Ciren, “Assessing NOAA-16 HIRS radiance accuracy using simultaneous nadir overpass observations from AIRS,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 24, 1546–1561 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Teillet, G. Fedosejevs, K. J. Thome, and J. L. Barker, “Impacts of spectral band difference effects on radiometric cross-calibration between satellite sensors in the solar-reflective spectral domain,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110, 393–409 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Trishchenkoa, J. Cihlara, and Z. Lia, “Impacts of spectral band difference effects on radiometric cross-calibration between satellite sensors in the solar-reflective spectral domain,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110, 393–409 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Kacker, K. Sommer, and R. Kessel, “Evolution of modern approaches to express uncertainty in measurement,” Metrologia 44, 513 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (2)

T. J. Schmit, M. M. Gunshor, W. P. Menzel, J. J. Gurka, J. Li, and A. C. Bachmeier, “Introducing the next-generation advanced baseline imager on GOES-R,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 1079–1096 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Bremer, J. C. Criscione, M. S. Maxwell, J. A. Kronenwetter, and T. R. Pedersen, “Calibration of the solar reflective channels in an integrated operational weather satellite system in the era of NPOESS and GOES-R,” Proc. SPIE 5658, 38–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

C. Cao, M. Weinreb, and H. Xu, “Predicting simultaneous nadir overpasses among polar-orbiting meteorological satellites for the intersatellite calibration of radiometers,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 537–542 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Knobelspiesse, C. Pietras, G. S. Fargion, M. Wang, R. Frouin, M. A. Miller, A. Subramaniam, and W. M. Balch, “Maritime aerosol optical thickness measured by handheld sun photometers,” Remote Sens. Environ. 93, 87–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

C. R. N. Rao, C. Cao, and N. Zhang, “Inter-calibration of the moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer and the along track scanning radiometer-2,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 24, 1913–1924 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Thuillier, M. Herse, D. Labs, T. Foujols, W. Peetermans, D. Gillotay, P. C. Simon, and H. Mandel, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400  nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the atlas and Eureca mission,” Sol. Phys. 214, 1–22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Gardner, “Uncertainties in interpolated spectral data,” J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stan. 108, 69–78 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

C. Schueler, J. E. Clement, P. E. Ardanuy, C. Welsch, F. DeLuccia, and H. Swenson, “NPOESS VIIRS sensor design overview,” Proc. SPIE 4483, 11–23 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, N. Holben, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from aerosol robotic network (AERONET) sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9797–9806 (2000).

1998 (1)

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

H. Cosnefroy, M. Leroy, and X. Briottet, “Selection and characterization of Saharan and Arabian desert sites for the calibration of optical satellite sensors,” Remote Sens. Environ. 58, 101–114 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

F. A. Kruse, A. B. Lefkoff, J. W. Boardman, K. B. Heidebrecht, A. T. Shapiro, P. J. Barloon, and A. F. H. Goetz, “The spectral image processing system (SIPS)—interactive visualization and analysis of imaging spectrometer data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 145–163 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

C. Nianzeng, B. G. Grant, D. E. Flittner, P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. D. Jackson, and S. M. Moran, “Results of calibrations of the NOAA-11 AVHRR made by reference to calibrated SPOT imagery at White Sands, New Mexico,” Proc. SPIE 1493, 182–194 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Acharya, P. K.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, and E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Adler-Golden, S. M.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, and E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, G. P.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, and E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Angal, A.

G. Chander, X. Xiong, T. Choi, and A. Angal, “Monitoring on-orbit calibration stability of the Terra/MODIS and Landsat 7 ETM+ sensors using pseudo-invariant test sites,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114, 925–939 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ardanuy, P. E.

C. Schueler, J. E. Clement, P. E. Ardanuy, C. Welsch, F. DeLuccia, and H. Swenson, “NPOESS VIIRS sensor design overview,” Proc. SPIE 4483, 11–23 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aronsson, M.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bachmeier, A. C.

T. J. Schmit, M. M. Gunshor, W. P. Menzel, J. J. Gurka, J. Li, and A. C. Bachmeier, “Introducing the next-generation advanced baseline imager on GOES-R,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 1079–1096 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Balch, W. M.

K. D. Knobelspiesse, C. Pietras, G. S. Fargion, M. Wang, R. Frouin, M. A. Miller, A. Subramaniam, and W. M. Balch, “Maritime aerosol optical thickness measured by handheld sun photometers,” Remote Sens. Environ. 93, 87–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barker, J. L.

P. M. Teillet, G. Fedosejevs, K. J. Thome, and J. L. Barker, “Impacts of spectral band difference effects on radiometric cross-calibration between satellite sensors in the solar-reflective spectral domain,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110, 393–409 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barloon, P. J.

F. A. Kruse, A. B. Lefkoff, J. W. Boardman, K. B. Heidebrecht, A. T. Shapiro, P. J. Barloon, and A. F. H. Goetz, “The spectral image processing system (SIPS)—interactive visualization and analysis of imaging spectrometer data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 145–163 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Berk, A.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, and E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Berk, L. S. Bernstein, and D. C. Robertson, “MODTRAN: a moderate resolution model for LOWTRAN 7,” , Spectral Sciences, Inc. (1987).

Bernstein, L. S.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, and E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Berk, L. S. Bernstein, and D. C. Robertson, “MODTRAN: a moderate resolution model for LOWTRAN 7,” , Spectral Sciences, Inc. (1987).

Biggar, S. F.

C. Nianzeng, B. G. Grant, D. E. Flittner, P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. D. Jackson, and S. M. Moran, “Results of calibrations of the NOAA-11 AVHRR made by reference to calibrated SPOT imagery at White Sands, New Mexico,” Proc. SPIE 1493, 182–194 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Boardman, J. W.

F. A. Kruse, A. B. Lefkoff, J. W. Boardman, K. B. Heidebrecht, A. T. Shapiro, P. J. Barloon, and A. F. H. Goetz, “The spectral image processing system (SIPS)—interactive visualization and analysis of imaging spectrometer data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 145–163 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Borel, C. C.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, and E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bremer, J. C.

J. C. Bremer, J. C. Criscione, M. S. Maxwell, J. A. Kronenwetter, and T. R. Pedersen, “Calibration of the solar reflective channels in an integrated operational weather satellite system in the era of NPOESS and GOES-R,” Proc. SPIE 5658, 38–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Briottet, X.

H. Cosnefroy, M. Leroy, and X. Briottet, “Selection and characterization of Saharan and Arabian desert sites for the calibration of optical satellite sensors,” Remote Sens. Environ. 58, 101–114 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brown, S. W.

Callieco, F.

F. Callieco and F. Dell’Acqua, “A comparison between two radiative transfer models for atmospheric correction over a wide range of wavelengths,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 32, 1357–1370 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cao, C.

C. Cao, F. J. De Luccia, X. Xiong, R. Wolfe, and F. Weng, “Early on-orbit performance of the visible infrared imaging radiometer suite onboard the suomi national polar-orbiting partnership (S-NPP) satellite,” IEEE T Geosci. Remote 0196, 2892 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, C. Cao, and P. Ciren, “Assessing NOAA-16 HIRS radiance accuracy using simultaneous nadir overpass observations from AIRS,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 24, 1546–1561 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Cao, M. Weinreb, and H. Xu, “Predicting simultaneous nadir overpasses among polar-orbiting meteorological satellites for the intersatellite calibration of radiometers,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 537–542 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. R. N. Rao, C. Cao, and N. Zhang, “Inter-calibration of the moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer and the along track scanning radiometer-2,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 24, 1913–1924 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Cao, M. Weinreb, and S. Kaplan, “Verification of the HIRS spectral response functions for more accurate atmospheric sounding,” presented at CALCON Technical Conference on Characterization and Radiometric Calibration for Remote Sensing, Logan, Utah, U.S., August2004.

A. Pearlman, Earth Resources Technology, 5825 University Research Ct. Suite 3250, College Park Maryland 20740, USA, R. Datla, R. Kacker, and C. Cao are preparing a manuscript to be called “Translating radiometric requirements for satellite sensors to match international standards.”

Chander, G.

G. Chander, X. Xiong, T. Choi, and A. Angal, “Monitoring on-orbit calibration stability of the Terra/MODIS and Landsat 7 ETM+ sensors using pseudo-invariant test sites,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114, 925–939 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chetwynd, J. H.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, and E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chippendale, B. J.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Choi, T.

G. Chander, X. Xiong, T. Choi, and A. Angal, “Monitoring on-orbit calibration stability of the Terra/MODIS and Landsat 7 ETM+ sensors using pseudo-invariant test sites,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114, 925–939 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chovit, C. J.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chrien, T. G.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cihlara, J.

A. P. Trishchenkoa, J. Cihlara, and Z. Lia, “Impacts of spectral band difference effects on radiometric cross-calibration between satellite sensors in the solar-reflective spectral domain,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110, 393–409 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ciren, P.

L. Wang, C. Cao, and P. Ciren, “Assessing NOAA-16 HIRS radiance accuracy using simultaneous nadir overpass observations from AIRS,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 24, 1546–1561 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Clement, J. E.

C. Schueler, J. E. Clement, P. E. Ardanuy, C. Welsch, F. DeLuccia, and H. Swenson, “NPOESS VIIRS sensor design overview,” Proc. SPIE 4483, 11–23 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cooley, T. W.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, and E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cosnefroy, H.

H. Cosnefroy, M. Leroy, and X. Briottet, “Selection and characterization of Saharan and Arabian desert sites for the calibration of optical satellite sensors,” Remote Sens. Environ. 58, 101–114 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Criscione, J. C.

J. C. Bremer, J. C. Criscione, M. S. Maxwell, J. A. Kronenwetter, and T. R. Pedersen, “Calibration of the solar reflective channels in an integrated operational weather satellite system in the era of NPOESS and GOES-R,” Proc. SPIE 5658, 38–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Datla, R.

A. Pearlman, Earth Resources Technology, 5825 University Research Ct. Suite 3250, College Park Maryland 20740, USA, R. Datla, R. Kacker, and C. Cao are preparing a manuscript to be called “Translating radiometric requirements for satellite sensors to match international standards.”

De Luccia, F. J.

C. Cao, F. J. De Luccia, X. Xiong, R. Wolfe, and F. Weng, “Early on-orbit performance of the visible infrared imaging radiometer suite onboard the suomi national polar-orbiting partnership (S-NPP) satellite,” IEEE T Geosci. Remote 0196, 2892 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Dell’Acqua, F.

F. Callieco and F. Dell’Acqua, “A comparison between two radiative transfer models for atmospheric correction over a wide range of wavelengths,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 32, 1357–1370 (2011).
[CrossRef]

DeLuccia, F.

C. Schueler, J. E. Clement, P. E. Ardanuy, C. Welsch, F. DeLuccia, and H. Swenson, “NPOESS VIIRS sensor design overview,” Proc. SPIE 4483, 11–23 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dubovik, O.

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, N. Holben, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from aerosol robotic network (AERONET) sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9797–9806 (2000).

Eastwood, M. L.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eck, T. F.

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, N. Holben, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from aerosol robotic network (AERONET) sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9797–9806 (2000).

Eppeldauer, G. P.

Fargion, G. S.

K. D. Knobelspiesse, C. Pietras, G. S. Fargion, M. Wang, R. Frouin, M. A. Miller, A. Subramaniam, and W. M. Balch, “Maritime aerosol optical thickness measured by handheld sun photometers,” Remote Sens. Environ. 93, 87–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Faust, J. A.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fedosejevs, G.

P. M. Teillet, G. Fedosejevs, K. J. Thome, and J. L. Barker, “Impacts of spectral band difference effects on radiometric cross-calibration between satellite sensors in the solar-reflective spectral domain,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110, 393–409 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Flittner, D. E.

C. Nianzeng, B. G. Grant, D. E. Flittner, P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. D. Jackson, and S. M. Moran, “Results of calibrations of the NOAA-11 AVHRR made by reference to calibrated SPOT imagery at White Sands, New Mexico,” Proc. SPIE 1493, 182–194 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Foujols, T.

G. Thuillier, M. Herse, D. Labs, T. Foujols, W. Peetermans, D. Gillotay, P. C. Simon, and H. Mandel, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400  nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the atlas and Eureca mission,” Sol. Phys. 214, 1–22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fox, M.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, and E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Frouin, R.

K. D. Knobelspiesse, C. Pietras, G. S. Fargion, M. Wang, R. Frouin, M. A. Miller, A. Subramaniam, and W. M. Balch, “Maritime aerosol optical thickness measured by handheld sun photometers,” Remote Sens. Environ. 93, 87–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gardner, J. A.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, and E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gardner, J. L.

J. L. Gardner, “Uncertainties in interpolated spectral data,” J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stan. 108, 69–78 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gillotay, D.

G. Thuillier, M. Herse, D. Labs, T. Foujols, W. Peetermans, D. Gillotay, P. C. Simon, and H. Mandel, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400  nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the atlas and Eureca mission,” Sol. Phys. 214, 1–22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Goetz, A. F. H.

F. A. Kruse, A. B. Lefkoff, J. W. Boardman, K. B. Heidebrecht, A. T. Shapiro, P. J. Barloon, and A. F. H. Goetz, “The spectral image processing system (SIPS)—interactive visualization and analysis of imaging spectrometer data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 145–163 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, M.

L. Wang, X. Wu, Y. Li, M. Goldberg, and S. Sohn, “Comparison of AIRS and IASI radiances using GOES imagers as transfer radiometers toward climate data records,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 49, 478–492 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grant, B. G.

C. Nianzeng, B. G. Grant, D. E. Flittner, P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. D. Jackson, and S. M. Moran, “Results of calibrations of the NOAA-11 AVHRR made by reference to calibrated SPOT imagery at White Sands, New Mexico,” Proc. SPIE 1493, 182–194 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Green, R. O.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gunshor, M.

M. Gunshor, T. J. Schmit, W. P. Menzel, and D. C. Tobin, “Intercalibration of broadband geostationary imagers using AIRS,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 746–758 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gunshor, M. M.

T. J. Schmit, M. M. Gunshor, W. P. Menzel, J. J. Gurka, J. Li, and A. C. Bachmeier, “Introducing the next-generation advanced baseline imager on GOES-R,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 1079–1096 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gurka, J. J.

T. J. Schmit, M. M. Gunshor, W. P. Menzel, J. J. Gurka, J. Li, and A. C. Bachmeier, “Introducing the next-generation advanced baseline imager on GOES-R,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 1079–1096 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Heidebrecht, K. B.

F. A. Kruse, A. B. Lefkoff, J. W. Boardman, K. B. Heidebrecht, A. T. Shapiro, P. J. Barloon, and A. F. H. Goetz, “The spectral image processing system (SIPS)—interactive visualization and analysis of imaging spectrometer data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 145–163 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Herse, M.

G. Thuillier, M. Herse, D. Labs, T. Foujols, W. Peetermans, D. Gillotay, P. C. Simon, and H. Mandel, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400  nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the atlas and Eureca mission,” Sol. Phys. 214, 1–22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hoke, M. L.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, and E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Holben, N.

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, N. Holben, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from aerosol robotic network (AERONET) sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9797–9806 (2000).

Jackson, R. D.

C. Nianzeng, B. G. Grant, D. E. Flittner, P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. D. Jackson, and S. M. Moran, “Results of calibrations of the NOAA-11 AVHRR made by reference to calibrated SPOT imagery at White Sands, New Mexico,” Proc. SPIE 1493, 182–194 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kacker, R.

R. Kacker, K. Sommer, and R. Kessel, “Evolution of modern approaches to express uncertainty in measurement,” Metrologia 44, 513 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Pearlman, Earth Resources Technology, 5825 University Research Ct. Suite 3250, College Park Maryland 20740, USA, R. Datla, R. Kacker, and C. Cao are preparing a manuscript to be called “Translating radiometric requirements for satellite sensors to match international standards.”

Kaplan, S.

C. Cao, M. Weinreb, and S. Kaplan, “Verification of the HIRS spectral response functions for more accurate atmospheric sounding,” presented at CALCON Technical Conference on Characterization and Radiometric Calibration for Remote Sensing, Logan, Utah, U.S., August2004.

Karlson, D.

M. Smith and D. Karlson, “The GOES-R series: the nation’s next-generation geostationary operational environmental satellites,” Earth Scientist 28, 18 (2012).

Kessel, R.

R. Kacker, K. Sommer, and R. Kessel, “Evolution of modern approaches to express uncertainty in measurement,” Metrologia 44, 513 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Klemm, F. J.

Knobelspiesse, K. D.

K. D. Knobelspiesse, C. Pietras, G. S. Fargion, M. Wang, R. Frouin, M. A. Miller, A. Subramaniam, and W. M. Balch, “Maritime aerosol optical thickness measured by handheld sun photometers,” Remote Sens. Environ. 93, 87–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kotchenova, S. Y.

Kronenwetter, J. A.

J. C. Bremer, J. C. Criscione, M. S. Maxwell, J. A. Kronenwetter, and T. R. Pedersen, “Calibration of the solar reflective channels in an integrated operational weather satellite system in the era of NPOESS and GOES-R,” Proc. SPIE 5658, 38–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kruse, F. A.

F. A. Kruse, A. B. Lefkoff, J. W. Boardman, K. B. Heidebrecht, A. T. Shapiro, P. J. Barloon, and A. F. H. Goetz, “The spectral image processing system (SIPS)—interactive visualization and analysis of imaging spectrometer data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 145–163 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Labs, D.

G. Thuillier, M. Herse, D. Labs, T. Foujols, W. Peetermans, D. Gillotay, P. C. Simon, and H. Mandel, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400  nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the atlas and Eureca mission,” Sol. Phys. 214, 1–22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, and E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lefkoff, A. B.

F. A. Kruse, A. B. Lefkoff, J. W. Boardman, K. B. Heidebrecht, A. T. Shapiro, P. J. Barloon, and A. F. H. Goetz, “The spectral image processing system (SIPS)—interactive visualization and analysis of imaging spectrometer data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 145–163 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Leroy, M.

H. Cosnefroy, M. Leroy, and X. Briottet, “Selection and characterization of Saharan and Arabian desert sites for the calibration of optical satellite sensors,” Remote Sens. Environ. 58, 101–114 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, P. E.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, and E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

T. J. Schmit, M. M. Gunshor, W. P. Menzel, J. J. Gurka, J. Li, and A. C. Bachmeier, “Introducing the next-generation advanced baseline imager on GOES-R,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 1079–1096 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

L. Wang, X. Wu, Y. Li, M. Goldberg, and S. Sohn, “Comparison of AIRS and IASI radiances using GOES imagers as transfer radiometers toward climate data records,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 49, 478–492 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lia, Z.

A. P. Trishchenkoa, J. Cihlara, and Z. Lia, “Impacts of spectral band difference effects on radiometric cross-calibration between satellite sensors in the solar-reflective spectral domain,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110, 393–409 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lockwood, R. B.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, and E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lykke, K. R.

Mandel, H.

G. Thuillier, M. Herse, D. Labs, T. Foujols, W. Peetermans, D. Gillotay, P. C. Simon, and H. Mandel, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400  nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the atlas and Eureca mission,” Sol. Phys. 214, 1–22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Matarrese, R.

Maxwell, M. S.

J. C. Bremer, J. C. Criscione, M. S. Maxwell, J. A. Kronenwetter, and T. R. Pedersen, “Calibration of the solar reflective channels in an integrated operational weather satellite system in the era of NPOESS and GOES-R,” Proc. SPIE 5658, 38–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Menzel, W. P.

M. Gunshor, T. J. Schmit, W. P. Menzel, and D. C. Tobin, “Intercalibration of broadband geostationary imagers using AIRS,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 746–758 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Schmit, M. M. Gunshor, W. P. Menzel, J. J. Gurka, J. Li, and A. C. Bachmeier, “Introducing the next-generation advanced baseline imager on GOES-R,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 1079–1096 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miller, M. A.

K. D. Knobelspiesse, C. Pietras, G. S. Fargion, M. Wang, R. Frouin, M. A. Miller, A. Subramaniam, and W. M. Balch, “Maritime aerosol optical thickness measured by handheld sun photometers,” Remote Sens. Environ. 93, 87–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moran, S. M.

C. Nianzeng, B. G. Grant, D. E. Flittner, P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. D. Jackson, and S. M. Moran, “Results of calibrations of the NOAA-11 AVHRR made by reference to calibrated SPOT imagery at White Sands, New Mexico,” Proc. SPIE 1493, 182–194 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Muratov, L.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, and E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nianzeng, C.

C. Nianzeng, B. G. Grant, D. E. Flittner, P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. D. Jackson, and S. M. Moran, “Results of calibrations of the NOAA-11 AVHRR made by reference to calibrated SPOT imagery at White Sands, New Mexico,” Proc. SPIE 1493, 182–194 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Olah, M. R.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pavri, B. E.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pearlman, A.

A. Pearlman, Earth Resources Technology, 5825 University Research Ct. Suite 3250, College Park Maryland 20740, USA, R. Datla, R. Kacker, and C. Cao are preparing a manuscript to be called “Translating radiometric requirements for satellite sensors to match international standards.”

Pedersen, T. R.

J. C. Bremer, J. C. Criscione, M. S. Maxwell, J. A. Kronenwetter, and T. R. Pedersen, “Calibration of the solar reflective channels in an integrated operational weather satellite system in the era of NPOESS and GOES-R,” Proc. SPIE 5658, 38–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peetermans, W.

G. Thuillier, M. Herse, D. Labs, T. Foujols, W. Peetermans, D. Gillotay, P. C. Simon, and H. Mandel, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400  nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the atlas and Eureca mission,” Sol. Phys. 214, 1–22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pietras, C.

K. D. Knobelspiesse, C. Pietras, G. S. Fargion, M. Wang, R. Frouin, M. A. Miller, A. Subramaniam, and W. M. Balch, “Maritime aerosol optical thickness measured by handheld sun photometers,” Remote Sens. Environ. 93, 87–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rao, C. R. N.

C. R. N. Rao, C. Cao, and N. Zhang, “Inter-calibration of the moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer and the along track scanning radiometer-2,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 24, 1913–1924 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, D. C.

A. Berk, L. S. Bernstein, and D. C. Robertson, “MODTRAN: a moderate resolution model for LOWTRAN 7,” , Spectral Sciences, Inc. (1987).

Sarture, C. M.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schmit, T. J.

M. Gunshor, T. J. Schmit, W. P. Menzel, and D. C. Tobin, “Intercalibration of broadband geostationary imagers using AIRS,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 746–758 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Schmit, M. M. Gunshor, W. P. Menzel, J. J. Gurka, J. Li, and A. C. Bachmeier, “Introducing the next-generation advanced baseline imager on GOES-R,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 1079–1096 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schueler, C.

C. Schueler, J. E. Clement, P. E. Ardanuy, C. Welsch, F. DeLuccia, and H. Swenson, “NPOESS VIIRS sensor design overview,” Proc. SPIE 4483, 11–23 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shapiro, A. T.

F. A. Kruse, A. B. Lefkoff, J. W. Boardman, K. B. Heidebrecht, A. T. Shapiro, P. J. Barloon, and A. F. H. Goetz, “The spectral image processing system (SIPS)—interactive visualization and analysis of imaging spectrometer data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 145–163 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shettle, E. P.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, and E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Simon, P. C.

G. Thuillier, M. Herse, D. Labs, T. Foujols, W. Peetermans, D. Gillotay, P. C. Simon, and H. Mandel, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400  nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the atlas and Eureca mission,” Sol. Phys. 214, 1–22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Slater, P. N.

C. Nianzeng, B. G. Grant, D. E. Flittner, P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. D. Jackson, and S. M. Moran, “Results of calibrations of the NOAA-11 AVHRR made by reference to calibrated SPOT imagery at White Sands, New Mexico,” Proc. SPIE 1493, 182–194 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Slutsker, I.

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, N. Holben, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from aerosol robotic network (AERONET) sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9797–9806 (2000).

Smirnov, A.

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, N. Holben, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from aerosol robotic network (AERONET) sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9797–9806 (2000).

Smith, M.

M. Smith and D. Karlson, “The GOES-R series: the nation’s next-generation geostationary operational environmental satellites,” Earth Scientist 28, 18 (2012).

Sohn, S.

L. Wang, X. Wu, Y. Li, M. Goldberg, and S. Sohn, “Comparison of AIRS and IASI radiances using GOES imagers as transfer radiometers toward climate data records,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 49, 478–492 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Solis, M.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sommer, K.

R. Kacker, K. Sommer, and R. Kessel, “Evolution of modern approaches to express uncertainty in measurement,” Metrologia 44, 513 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Subramaniam, A.

K. D. Knobelspiesse, C. Pietras, G. S. Fargion, M. Wang, R. Frouin, M. A. Miller, A. Subramaniam, and W. M. Balch, “Maritime aerosol optical thickness measured by handheld sun photometers,” Remote Sens. Environ. 93, 87–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Swenson, H.

C. Schueler, J. E. Clement, P. E. Ardanuy, C. Welsch, F. DeLuccia, and H. Swenson, “NPOESS VIIRS sensor design overview,” Proc. SPIE 4483, 11–23 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Teillet, P. M.

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P. M. Teillet, G. Fedosejevs, K. J. Thome, and J. L. Barker, “Impacts of spectral band difference effects on radiometric cross-calibration between satellite sensors in the solar-reflective spectral domain,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110, 393–409 (2007).
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G. Thuillier, M. Herse, D. Labs, T. Foujols, W. Peetermans, D. Gillotay, P. C. Simon, and H. Mandel, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400  nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the atlas and Eureca mission,” Sol. Phys. 214, 1–22 (2003).
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[CrossRef]

L. Wang, C. Cao, and P. Ciren, “Assessing NOAA-16 HIRS radiance accuracy using simultaneous nadir overpass observations from AIRS,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 24, 1546–1561 (2007).
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[CrossRef]

A. P. Trishchenkoa, J. Cihlara, and Z. Lia, “Impacts of spectral band difference effects on radiometric cross-calibration between satellite sensors in the solar-reflective spectral domain,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110, 393–409 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Knobelspiesse, C. Pietras, G. S. Fargion, M. Wang, R. Frouin, M. A. Miller, A. Subramaniam, and W. M. Balch, “Maritime aerosol optical thickness measured by handheld sun photometers,” Remote Sens. Environ. 93, 87–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227–248 (1998).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Basic optical layout of ABI (N/S, north/south; E/W, east/west; MWIR, mid-wave infrared; LWIR, long-wave infrared). The spectral response function for each channel accounts for the effects of all optical components and detectors in its path.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Locations of sample collections, sun photometer measurements (handheld or AERONET), AVIRIS true color composite (using 462.8, 550.3, 638.2 nm wavelength bands), and ABI/VIIRS footprint chosen for the Sonoran Desert (left) and White Sands (right) sites. Note that the ABI and VIIRS footprints assume the same size for our simplified case.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(Top) analogous ABI and Visible Infrared Radiometer Imaging Suite (VIIRS) spectral response functions and spectral reflectance of sand samples taken near White Sands missile range and the Sonoran Desert. (Bottom) Channels names, spatial resolution at nadir, and sample use. Note that ABI channels are labelled according to their nominal central wavelengths (for instance, 047=0.47μm).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

TOA reflectance uncertainty contributions of VIIRS (left) and ABI (right) channels for the 6SV simulation at the (a) Sonoran Desert and (b) White Sands sites. Note that the instrument and/or target reflectance uncertainty dominate.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Comparison of VIIRS/ABI TOA reflectances, calculated with 6SV and retrieved from the most uniform pixel-sized region of an AVIRIS image over the (a) Sonoran Desert and (b) White Sands sites. The bias is the absolute difference between the 6SV-simulated and AVIRIS-retrieved TOA reflectance values, and the uncertainty is the combined uncertainty (k=1) of the comparison. A successful validation is shown by a bias of less than the uncertainty.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

ABI/VIIRS spectral and effective TOA reflectance generated using MODTRAN and 6SV, respectively. These are compared with AVIRIS pixels chosen by one of two methods: using a group of matched pixels (AVIRIS—matched) or using a uniform region of pixels (AVIRIS—uniform). The results are given over the (a) Sonoran Desert and (b) White Sands National Monument sites.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Parameters for Radiative Transfer Simulations

Tables Icon

Table 2. Spectral Radiometric Biases in TOA Reflectance for Sonoran Desert and White Sands using 6SV

Tables Icon

Table 3. 6SV-MODTRAN Percent Difference for ABI TOA Reflectancea

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ρi,j=ρ(λ)ϕi,j(λ)dλϕi,j(λ)dλ.
uc(ρ)=l=1Nm=1NZlZmr(xl,xm),
Zl=12[ρ(xl+u(xl))ρ(xlu(xl))]Zm=12[ρ(xm+u(xm))ρ(xmu(xm))].
u(x)=s2+δ23+b23.

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