Abstract

We fabricated and tested periodic metal (Ag)–dielectric (SiO2 or TiO2) multilayers with transparency bands in the visible range. For samples with Ag–TiO2 interfaces, the optical properties exhibited relatively poor predictability, likely due to oxidation of the Ag layers. Ag/SiO2-based multilayers were found to be more predictable and stable, but the relatively low refractive index of SiO2 limits their inherent transparency and pass-band bandwidth. We show that termination of the multilayer with a single high-index layer reduces the admittance mismatch with the ambient media, and thus improves the properties of the transparency band.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2013 (1)

M. C. Zhang, T. W. Allen, and R. G. DeCorby, “Experimental study of optimized surface-plasmon-mediated tunneling in metal-dielectric multilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 071109 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

2009 (1)

D. Owens, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, and B. Kippelen, “Optical properties of one-dimensional metal-dielectric photonic band-gap structures with low-index dielectrics,” Thin Solid Films 517, 2736–2741 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

M. Bloemer, G. D’Aguanno, N. Mattiucci, M. Scalora, and N. Akozbek, “Broadband super-resolving lens with high transparency in the visible range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 174113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

J. Y. Seo, S. Cho, H. Lim, and S. Lee, “Optical and structural properties of metal-dielectric photonic band gap structures,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 6S1, e62–e66 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Piegari and J. Bulir, “Variable narrowband transmission filters with a wide rejection band for spectrometry,” Appl. Opt. 45, 3768–3773 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

M. S. Sarto, R. L. Vito, F. Sarto, and M. C. Larciprete, “Nanolayered lightweight flexible shields with multidirectional optical transparency,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 47, 602–611 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

Y.-K. Choi, Y.-K. Ha, J.-E. Kim, H. Y. Park, and K. Kim, “Antireflection film in one-dimensional metallo-dielectric photonic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 230, 239–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. S. Sarto, F. Sarto, M. C. Larciprete, M. Scalora, M. D’Amore, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nanotechnology of transparent metals for radio frequency electromagnetic shielding,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 45, 586–594 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H. C. Kim, T. L. Alford, and D. R. Allee, “Thickness dependence on the thermal stability of silver thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4287–4289 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

R. S. Bennink, Y.-K. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, and J. E. Sipe, “Accessing the optical nonlinearity of metals with metal-dielectric photonic bandgap structures,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1416–1418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Kee, K. Kim, and H. Lim, “Optical resonant transmission in metal-dielectric multilayers,” J. Opt. A 6, 267–269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, “Laminated photonic band structures with high conductivity and high transparency: metals under a new light,” Opt. Photon. News 10, 24–27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1997 (1)

G. Leftheriotis, P. Yianoulis, and D. Patrikios, “Design and optical properties of optimized ZnS/Ag/ZnS thin films for energy saving applications,” Thin Solid Films 306, 92–99 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1981 (1)

1978 (1)

H. A. Macleod, “A new approach to the design of metal-dielectric thin-film optical coatings,” Opt. Acta 25, 93–106 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

1957 (1)

Akozbek, N.

M. Bloemer, G. D’Aguanno, N. Mattiucci, M. Scalora, and N. Akozbek, “Broadband super-resolving lens with high transparency in the visible range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 174113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Alford, T. L.

H. C. Kim, T. L. Alford, and D. R. Allee, “Thickness dependence on the thermal stability of silver thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4287–4289 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Allee, D. R.

H. C. Kim, T. L. Alford, and D. R. Allee, “Thickness dependence on the thermal stability of silver thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4287–4289 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Allen, T. W.

Baumeister, P. W.

Bennink, R. S.

Berning, P. H.

Bertolotti, M.

M. S. Sarto, F. Sarto, M. C. Larciprete, M. Scalora, M. D’Amore, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nanotechnology of transparent metals for radio frequency electromagnetic shielding,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 45, 586–594 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bloemer, M.

M. Bloemer, G. D’Aguanno, N. Mattiucci, M. Scalora, and N. Akozbek, “Broadband super-resolving lens with high transparency in the visible range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 174113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bloemer, M. J.

M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, “Laminated photonic band structures with high conductivity and high transparency: metals under a new light,” Opt. Photon. News 10, 24–27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Bloemer and M. Scalora, “Transmissive properties of Ag/MgF2 photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1676–1678 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bowden, C. M.

M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, “Laminated photonic band structures with high conductivity and high transparency: metals under a new light,” Opt. Photon. News 10, 24–27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

Bulir, J.

Cho, S.

J. Y. Seo, S. Cho, H. Lim, and S. Lee, “Optical and structural properties of metal-dielectric photonic band gap structures,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 6S1, e62–e66 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Choi, Y.-K.

Y.-K. Choi, Y.-K. Ha, J.-E. Kim, H. Y. Park, and K. Kim, “Antireflection film in one-dimensional metallo-dielectric photonic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 230, 239–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D’Aguanno, G.

M. Bloemer, G. D’Aguanno, N. Mattiucci, M. Scalora, and N. Akozbek, “Broadband super-resolving lens with high transparency in the visible range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 174113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D’Amore, M.

M. S. Sarto, F. Sarto, M. C. Larciprete, M. Scalora, M. D’Amore, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nanotechnology of transparent metals for radio frequency electromagnetic shielding,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 45, 586–594 (2003).
[CrossRef]

DeCorby, R. G.

Djurisic, A. B.

Elazar, J. M.

Fuentes-Hernandez, C.

D. Owens, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, and B. Kippelen, “Optical properties of one-dimensional metal-dielectric photonic band-gap structures with low-index dielectrics,” Thin Solid Films 517, 2736–2741 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ha, Y.-K.

Y.-K. Choi, Y.-K. Ha, J.-E. Kim, H. Y. Park, and K. Kim, “Antireflection film in one-dimensional metallo-dielectric photonic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 230, 239–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kee, C.-S.

C.-S. Kee, K. Kim, and H. Lim, “Optical resonant transmission in metal-dielectric multilayers,” J. Opt. A 6, 267–269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. C.

H. C. Kim, T. L. Alford, and D. R. Allee, “Thickness dependence on the thermal stability of silver thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4287–4289 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.-E.

Y.-K. Choi, Y.-K. Ha, J.-E. Kim, H. Y. Park, and K. Kim, “Antireflection film in one-dimensional metallo-dielectric photonic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 230, 239–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

Y.-K. Choi, Y.-K. Ha, J.-E. Kim, H. Y. Park, and K. Kim, “Antireflection film in one-dimensional metallo-dielectric photonic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 230, 239–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Kee, K. Kim, and H. Lim, “Optical resonant transmission in metal-dielectric multilayers,” J. Opt. A 6, 267–269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. Y.

Kippelen, B.

D. Owens, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, and B. Kippelen, “Optical properties of one-dimensional metal-dielectric photonic band-gap structures with low-index dielectrics,” Thin Solid Films 517, 2736–2741 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kreibig, U.

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters, Vol. 25 of Springer Series in Materials Science (Springer, 1995).

Larciprete, M. C.

M. S. Sarto, R. L. Vito, F. Sarto, and M. C. Larciprete, “Nanolayered lightweight flexible shields with multidirectional optical transparency,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 47, 602–611 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Sarto, F. Sarto, M. C. Larciprete, M. Scalora, M. D’Amore, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nanotechnology of transparent metals for radio frequency electromagnetic shielding,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 45, 586–594 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

J. Y. Seo, S. Cho, H. Lim, and S. Lee, “Optical and structural properties of metal-dielectric photonic band gap structures,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 6S1, e62–e66 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Leftheriotis, G.

G. Leftheriotis, P. Yianoulis, and D. Patrikios, “Design and optical properties of optimized ZnS/Ag/ZnS thin films for energy saving applications,” Thin Solid Films 306, 92–99 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lim, H.

J. Y. Seo, S. Cho, H. Lim, and S. Lee, “Optical and structural properties of metal-dielectric photonic band gap structures,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 6S1, e62–e66 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Kee, K. Kim, and H. Lim, “Optical resonant transmission in metal-dielectric multilayers,” J. Opt. A 6, 267–269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lissberger, P. H.

Macleod, H. A.

H. A. Macleod, “A new approach to the design of metal-dielectric thin-film optical coatings,” Opt. Acta 25, 93–106 (1978).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Macleod, Thin-Film Optical Filters, 4th ed. (CRC Press, 2010), Chap. 8.

Majewski, M. L.

Mattiucci, N.

M. Bloemer, G. D’Aguanno, N. Mattiucci, M. Scalora, and N. Akozbek, “Broadband super-resolving lens with high transparency in the visible range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 174113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Owens, D.

D. Owens, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, and B. Kippelen, “Optical properties of one-dimensional metal-dielectric photonic band-gap structures with low-index dielectrics,” Thin Solid Films 517, 2736–2741 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. Y.

Y.-K. Choi, Y.-K. Ha, J.-E. Kim, H. Y. Park, and K. Kim, “Antireflection film in one-dimensional metallo-dielectric photonic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 230, 239–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Patrikios, D.

G. Leftheriotis, P. Yianoulis, and D. Patrikios, “Design and optical properties of optimized ZnS/Ag/ZnS thin films for energy saving applications,” Thin Solid Films 306, 92–99 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Piegari, A.

Rakic, A. D.

Sarto, F.

M. S. Sarto, R. L. Vito, F. Sarto, and M. C. Larciprete, “Nanolayered lightweight flexible shields with multidirectional optical transparency,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 47, 602–611 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Sarto, F. Sarto, M. C. Larciprete, M. Scalora, M. D’Amore, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nanotechnology of transparent metals for radio frequency electromagnetic shielding,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 45, 586–594 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sarto, M. S.

M. S. Sarto, R. L. Vito, F. Sarto, and M. C. Larciprete, “Nanolayered lightweight flexible shields with multidirectional optical transparency,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 47, 602–611 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Sarto, F. Sarto, M. C. Larciprete, M. Scalora, M. D’Amore, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nanotechnology of transparent metals for radio frequency electromagnetic shielding,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 45, 586–594 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Scalora, M.

M. Bloemer, G. D’Aguanno, N. Mattiucci, M. Scalora, and N. Akozbek, “Broadband super-resolving lens with high transparency in the visible range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 174113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Sarto, F. Sarto, M. C. Larciprete, M. Scalora, M. D’Amore, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nanotechnology of transparent metals for radio frequency electromagnetic shielding,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 45, 586–594 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, “Laminated photonic band structures with high conductivity and high transparency: metals under a new light,” Opt. Photon. News 10, 24–27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Bloemer and M. Scalora, “Transmissive properties of Ag/MgF2 photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1676–1678 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Seo, J. Y.

J. Y. Seo, S. Cho, H. Lim, and S. Lee, “Optical and structural properties of metal-dielectric photonic band gap structures,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 6S1, e62–e66 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sibilia, C.

M. S. Sarto, F. Sarto, M. C. Larciprete, M. Scalora, M. D’Amore, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nanotechnology of transparent metals for radio frequency electromagnetic shielding,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 45, 586–594 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

Sytchkova, A.

Turner, A. F.

Vito, R. L.

M. S. Sarto, R. L. Vito, F. Sarto, and M. C. Larciprete, “Nanolayered lightweight flexible shields with multidirectional optical transparency,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 47, 602–611 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vollmer, M.

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters, Vol. 25 of Springer Series in Materials Science (Springer, 1995).

Yeh, P.

P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Layered Media (Wiley, 2005).

Yianoulis, P.

G. Leftheriotis, P. Yianoulis, and D. Patrikios, “Design and optical properties of optimized ZnS/Ag/ZnS thin films for energy saving applications,” Thin Solid Films 306, 92–99 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, Y.-K.

Zhang, M. C.

M. C. Zhang, T. W. Allen, and R. G. DeCorby, “Experimental study of optimized surface-plasmon-mediated tunneling in metal-dielectric multilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 071109 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (6)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. C. Zhang, T. W. Allen, and R. G. DeCorby, “Experimental study of optimized surface-plasmon-mediated tunneling in metal-dielectric multilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 071109 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Kim, T. L. Alford, and D. R. Allee, “Thickness dependence on the thermal stability of silver thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4287–4289 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Bloemer and M. Scalora, “Transmissive properties of Ag/MgF2 photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1676–1678 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Bloemer, G. D’Aguanno, N. Mattiucci, M. Scalora, and N. Akozbek, “Broadband super-resolving lens with high transparency in the visible range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 174113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Y. Seo, S. Cho, H. Lim, and S. Lee, “Optical and structural properties of metal-dielectric photonic band gap structures,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 6S1, e62–e66 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. (2)

M. S. Sarto, F. Sarto, M. C. Larciprete, M. Scalora, M. D’Amore, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nanotechnology of transparent metals for radio frequency electromagnetic shielding,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 45, 586–594 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Sarto, R. L. Vito, F. Sarto, and M. C. Larciprete, “Nanolayered lightweight flexible shields with multidirectional optical transparency,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 47, 602–611 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (1)

C.-S. Kee, K. Kim, and H. Lim, “Optical resonant transmission in metal-dielectric multilayers,” J. Opt. A 6, 267–269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Acta (1)

H. A. Macleod, “A new approach to the design of metal-dielectric thin-film optical coatings,” Opt. Acta 25, 93–106 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y.-K. Choi, Y.-K. Ha, J.-E. Kim, H. Y. Park, and K. Kim, “Antireflection film in one-dimensional metallo-dielectric photonic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 230, 239–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Photon. News (1)

M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, “Laminated photonic band structures with high conductivity and high transparency: metals under a new light,” Opt. Photon. News 10, 24–27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (2)

G. Leftheriotis, P. Yianoulis, and D. Patrikios, “Design and optical properties of optimized ZnS/Ag/ZnS thin films for energy saving applications,” Thin Solid Films 306, 92–99 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Owens, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, and B. Kippelen, “Optical properties of one-dimensional metal-dielectric photonic band-gap structures with low-index dielectrics,” Thin Solid Films 517, 2736–2741 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Layered Media (Wiley, 2005).

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters, Vol. 25 of Springer Series in Materials Science (Springer, 1995).

H. A. Macleod, Thin-Film Optical Filters, 4th ed. (CRC Press, 2010), Chap. 8.

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