Abstract

The study presents a novel design of multiring delivery fiber with large mode area for high power. Using a FiberCAD method, we investigated a fiber whose core is surrounded by alternative low- and high-index rings. Based on our calculation, the effective area is 400μm2 at 1.08 μm, larger than the 280μm2 of conventional step-index fiber (20/400). The macrobending loss at 1.08 μm is estimated to be 1×103dB/m, approximately one-third that of conventional step-index fiber (20/400). The single-mode operation can be achieved by the macrobending loss contrast between the fundamental mode (<1dB/m) and high-order mode (>100dB/m). The results indicate that multiring delivery fiber fabricated by modified chemical vapor deposition process is a promising candidate for high-power transmission.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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2009

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2000

1999

J. Sousa and O. Okhotnikov, “Multimode Er-doped fiber for single-transverse-mode amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1528–1530 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

T. Birks, J. Knight, and P. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 22, 961–963 (1997).

L. Faustini and G. Martini, “Bend loss in single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 671–679 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1987

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059–2062 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. John, “Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486–2489 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1976

K. Petermann, “Microbending loss in monomode fibers,” Electron. Lett. 12, 107–109 (1976).
[CrossRef]

D. Marcuse, “Curvature loss formula for optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 216–220 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Abramov, M.

V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, A. Ferin, and V. Gapontsev, and IPG Laser GmbH, “3  kW Yb fiber lasers with a single-mode output,” presented at International Symposium on High-Power Fiber Lasers and Their Applications (St. Petersburg, Russia, 2006).

Bass, M.

Birks, T.

T. Birks, J. Knight, and P. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 22, 961–963 (1997).

Blondy, J. M.

Broeng, J.

Chen, X.

Chen, Y.

Clarkson, W. A.

Cooper, L. J.

Deguil-Robin, N.

Dong, L.

Eidam, T.

Faustini, L.

L. Faustini and G. Martini, “Bend loss in single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 671–679 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ferin, A.

V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, A. Ferin, and V. Gapontsev, and IPG Laser GmbH, “3  kW Yb fiber lasers with a single-mode output,” presented at International Symposium on High-Power Fiber Lasers and Their Applications (St. Petersburg, Russia, 2006).

Fermann, M.

Feverier, S.

Fini, J.

Fomin, V.

V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, A. Ferin, and V. Gapontsev, and IPG Laser GmbH, “3  kW Yb fiber lasers with a single-mode output,” presented at International Symposium on High-Power Fiber Lasers and Their Applications (St. Petersburg, Russia, 2006).

Galvanauskas, A.

A. Galvanauskas, “High power fiber lasers,” Opt. Photon. News 15, 42–47 (2004).

C. Zhu, I. Hu, X. Ma, and A. Galvanauskas, “Single-frequency and single-transverse mode Yb-doped CCC fiber MOPA with robust polarization SBS-free 511  W output,” in Advances in Optical Materials, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper AMC5.

Gapontsev, V.

V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, A. Ferin, and V. Gapontsev, and IPG Laser GmbH, “3  kW Yb fiber lasers with a single-mode output,” presented at International Symposium on High-Power Fiber Lasers and Their Applications (St. Petersburg, Russia, 2006).

Goldberg, L.

Gray, S.

Han, W. T.

Hu, I.

C. Zhu, I. Hu, X. Ma, and A. Galvanauskas, “Single-frequency and single-transverse mode Yb-doped CCC fiber MOPA with robust polarization SBS-free 511  W output,” in Advances in Optical Materials, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper AMC5.

Jakobsen, C.

Jamier, R.

Jeong, Y.

John, S.

S. John, “Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486–2489 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ju, S.

Kliner, D.

Knight, J.

T. Birks, J. Knight, and P. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 22, 961–963 (1997).

Koplow, J.

Lederer, F.

Li, J.

Li, M. J.

Liem, A.

Limpert, J.

Liu, A.

Lliew, R.

Ma, X.

C. Zhu, I. Hu, X. Ma, and A. Galvanauskas, “Single-frequency and single-transverse mode Yb-doped CCC fiber MOPA with robust polarization SBS-free 511  W output,” in Advances in Optical Materials, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper AMC5.

Manek-Hönninger, I.

Marcuse, D.

Martini, G.

L. Faustini and G. Martini, “Bend loss in single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 671–679 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mashkin, A.

V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, A. Ferin, and V. Gapontsev, and IPG Laser GmbH, “3  kW Yb fiber lasers with a single-mode output,” presented at International Symposium on High-Power Fiber Lasers and Their Applications (St. Petersburg, Russia, 2006).

McComb, T.

Nilsson, J.

Nolte, S.

Okhotnikov, O.

J. Sousa and O. Okhotnikov, “Multimode Er-doped fiber for single-transverse-mode amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1528–1530 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D.

Peng, X.

Petermann, K.

K. Petermann, “Microbending loss in monomode fibers,” Electron. Lett. 12, 107–109 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Petersson, A.

Reich, M.

Richardson, M.

Roser, F.

Röser, F.

Rothhardt, J.

Russell, P.

T. Birks, J. Knight, and P. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 22, 961–963 (1997).

Sahu, J.

Sahu, J. K.

Salin, F.

Schimpf, D. N.

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Sousa, J.

J. Sousa and O. Okhotnikov, “Multimode Er-doped fiber for single-transverse-mode amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1528–1530 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sudesh, V.

Tunnermann, A.

Tunnermann, T.

Tünnermann, A.

Viene, G.

Walton, D. T.

Wang, J.

Wang, P.

Watekar, P. R.

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059–2062 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Zellmer, H.

Zenteno, L. A.

Zhu, C.

C. Zhu, I. Hu, X. Ma, and A. Galvanauskas, “Single-frequency and single-transverse mode Yb-doped CCC fiber MOPA with robust polarization SBS-free 511  W output,” in Advances in Optical Materials, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper AMC5.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. Sousa and O. Okhotnikov, “Multimode Er-doped fiber for single-transverse-mode amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1528–1530 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

K. Petermann, “Microbending loss in monomode fibers,” Electron. Lett. 12, 107–109 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Photon. News

A. Galvanauskas, “High power fiber lasers,” Opt. Photon. News 15, 42–47 (2004).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059–2062 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. John, “Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486–2489 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Other

I. P. G. Photonics, “IPG photonics successfully tests world’s first 10 kilowatt single-mode production laser,” June 15, 2009, http://www.ipgphotonics.com/newsproduct.htm .

V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, A. Ferin, and V. Gapontsev, and IPG Laser GmbH, “3  kW Yb fiber lasers with a single-mode output,” presented at International Symposium on High-Power Fiber Lasers and Their Applications (St. Petersburg, Russia, 2006).

C. Zhu, I. Hu, X. Ma, and A. Galvanauskas, “Single-frequency and single-transverse mode Yb-doped CCC fiber MOPA with robust polarization SBS-free 511  W output,” in Advances in Optical Materials, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper AMC5.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Refractive index profile of the multiring fiber and (b) refractive index profile of the step-index fiber (20/400).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Comparison of Aeff between multiring fiber and step-index fiber (20/400).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Comparison of microbending loss among different multiring fibers.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Comparison of macrobending loss between LP01 and LP11 of the multiring fiber.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Comparison of LP01 macrobending loss between the multiring fiber and the step-index fiber (20/400).

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

αmicro=A(kn1dn)2(kn1dn2)2p,
αmacro=1100Loge10(πV816rcrbW3)1/2×exp(4rbΔW33rcV2)[0(1g)F0rdr]20F02rdr,
g=n(r)2nmin2nmax2nmin2,
V=k0rcnmax2nmin2,
Δ=nmax2nmin22nmax2,
W=rcβ2(k0nmin)2.

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