Abstract

A coupled-mode equation (CME) of twisted birefringent fiber is presented in this paper, which uses the degenerate polarization modes of single-mode fibers as eigenmodes in a unified coordinate. The inconsistency between the coordinate and the rotating principal axis, existing in the previous CME, is solved by conversion to the lab coordinate. The CME gives self-consistent results for fibers with high birefringence or low birefringence and for single-mode fibers as well. Analyses and simulations show the CME gives characteristics of twisted birefringent fiber coincident with the property of polarization-maintaining fibers.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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