Abstract

A design concept of realizing high storage energy extraction efficiency is presented for an ultrahigh energy laser system, stressing the advantage of variable-diameter aperture structure for the multistage amplifier system over the constant-aperture design. Based on the established modeling, the conceptual schematic of an amplifier system with optimized high storage energy extraction is developed, which is expected to produce 15 kJ output energy from three stages, with an extremely high storage extraction efficiency of 50.3%.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Feder, “Need for clean energy, waste transmutation revives interest in hybrid fusion-fission reactors,” Phys. Today 62(7), 24–27 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. P. Freidberg and A. C. Kadak, “Fusion–fission hybrids revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 370–372 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).
  4. W. R. Meier, R. Abbott, R. Beach, J. Blink, J. Caird, A. Erlandson, J. Farmer, W. Halsey, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, A. MacIntyre, R. Miles, and E. Storm, “Systems modeling for the laser fusion–fission energy (LIFE) power plant,” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 647–651 (2009).
  5. C. A. Haynam, P. J. Wegner, J. M. Auerbach, M. W. Bowers, S. N. Dixit, G. V. Erbert, G. M. Heestand, M. A. Henesian, M. R. Hermann, K. S. Jancaitis, K. R. Manes, C. D. Marshall, N. C. Mehta, J. Menapace, E. Moses, J. R. Murray, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. Patterson, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, M. Spaeth, S. B. Sutton, W. H. Williams, C. C. Widmayer, R. K. White, S. T. Yang, and B. M. Van Wonterghem, “National ignition facility laser performance status,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3276–3303 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. I. Moses, “Ignition on the national ignition facility: a path towards inertial fusion energy,” Nucl. Fusion 49, 104022(2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. I. Moses, “The national ignition facility (NIF): a path to fusion energy,” Energy Convers. Manage. 49, 1795–1802 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer, 1996).

2009

T. Feder, “Need for clean energy, waste transmutation revives interest in hybrid fusion-fission reactors,” Phys. Today 62(7), 24–27 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Freidberg and A. C. Kadak, “Fusion–fission hybrids revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 370–372 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

W. R. Meier, R. Abbott, R. Beach, J. Blink, J. Caird, A. Erlandson, J. Farmer, W. Halsey, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, A. MacIntyre, R. Miles, and E. Storm, “Systems modeling for the laser fusion–fission energy (LIFE) power plant,” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 647–651 (2009).

E. I. Moses, “Ignition on the national ignition facility: a path towards inertial fusion energy,” Nucl. Fusion 49, 104022(2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

E. I. Moses, “The national ignition facility (NIF): a path to fusion energy,” Energy Convers. Manage. 49, 1795–1802 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

Abbott, R.

W. R. Meier, R. Abbott, R. Beach, J. Blink, J. Caird, A. Erlandson, J. Farmer, W. Halsey, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, A. MacIntyre, R. Miles, and E. Storm, “Systems modeling for the laser fusion–fission energy (LIFE) power plant,” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 647–651 (2009).

Agrawal, V.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Auerbach, J. M.

Bart, C. P. J.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Bayramian, A.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Beach, R.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

W. R. Meier, R. Abbott, R. Beach, J. Blink, J. Caird, A. Erlandson, J. Farmer, W. Halsey, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, A. MacIntyre, R. Miles, and E. Storm, “Systems modeling for the laser fusion–fission energy (LIFE) power plant,” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 647–651 (2009).

Blink, J.

W. R. Meier, R. Abbott, R. Beach, J. Blink, J. Caird, A. Erlandson, J. Farmer, W. Halsey, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, A. MacIntyre, R. Miles, and E. Storm, “Systems modeling for the laser fusion–fission energy (LIFE) power plant,” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 647–651 (2009).

Bowers, M. W.

Britten, J.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Caird, J.

W. R. Meier, R. Abbott, R. Beach, J. Blink, J. Caird, A. Erlandson, J. Farmer, W. Halsey, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, A. MacIntyre, R. Miles, and E. Storm, “Systems modeling for the laser fusion–fission energy (LIFE) power plant,” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 647–651 (2009).

Caird, J. A.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Chen, D.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Cross, R.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Dixit, S. N.

Ebbers, C.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Erbert, G. V.

Erlandson, A.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

W. R. Meier, R. Abbott, R. Beach, J. Blink, J. Caird, A. Erlandson, J. Farmer, W. Halsey, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, A. MacIntyre, R. Miles, and E. Storm, “Systems modeling for the laser fusion–fission energy (LIFE) power plant,” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 647–651 (2009).

Farmer, J.

W. R. Meier, R. Abbott, R. Beach, J. Blink, J. Caird, A. Erlandson, J. Farmer, W. Halsey, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, A. MacIntyre, R. Miles, and E. Storm, “Systems modeling for the laser fusion–fission energy (LIFE) power plant,” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 647–651 (2009).

Feder, T.

T. Feder, “Need for clean energy, waste transmutation revives interest in hybrid fusion-fission reactors,” Phys. Today 62(7), 24–27 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Freidberg, J. P.

J. P. Freidberg and A. C. Kadak, “Fusion–fission hybrids revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 370–372 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Freitas, B.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Ghosh, C.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Haefner, C.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Halsey, W.

W. R. Meier, R. Abbott, R. Beach, J. Blink, J. Caird, A. Erlandson, J. Farmer, W. Halsey, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, A. MacIntyre, R. Miles, and E. Storm, “Systems modeling for the laser fusion–fission energy (LIFE) power plant,” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 647–651 (2009).

Haynam, C. A.

Heestand, G. M.

Henesian, M. A.

Hermann, M. R.

Homoelle, D.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Jancaitis, K. S.

Kadak, A. C.

J. P. Freidberg and A. C. Kadak, “Fusion–fission hybrids revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 370–372 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer, 1996).

Ladran, T.

W. R. Meier, R. Abbott, R. Beach, J. Blink, J. Caird, A. Erlandson, J. Farmer, W. Halsey, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, A. MacIntyre, R. Miles, and E. Storm, “Systems modeling for the laser fusion–fission energy (LIFE) power plant,” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 647–651 (2009).

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Latkowski, J.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

W. R. Meier, R. Abbott, R. Beach, J. Blink, J. Caird, A. Erlandson, J. Farmer, W. Halsey, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, A. MacIntyre, R. Miles, and E. Storm, “Systems modeling for the laser fusion–fission energy (LIFE) power plant,” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 647–651 (2009).

MacIntyre, A.

W. R. Meier, R. Abbott, R. Beach, J. Blink, J. Caird, A. Erlandson, J. Farmer, W. Halsey, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, A. MacIntyre, R. Miles, and E. Storm, “Systems modeling for the laser fusion–fission energy (LIFE) power plant,” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 647–651 (2009).

Manes, K. R.

Marshall, C. D.

Mehta, N. C.

Meier, W. R.

W. R. Meier, R. Abbott, R. Beach, J. Blink, J. Caird, A. Erlandson, J. Farmer, W. Halsey, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, A. MacIntyre, R. Miles, and E. Storm, “Systems modeling for the laser fusion–fission energy (LIFE) power plant,” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 647–651 (2009).

Menapace, J.

Miles, R.

W. R. Meier, R. Abbott, R. Beach, J. Blink, J. Caird, A. Erlandson, J. Farmer, W. Halsey, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, A. MacIntyre, R. Miles, and E. Storm, “Systems modeling for the laser fusion–fission energy (LIFE) power plant,” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 647–651 (2009).

Molander, W.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Moses, E.

Moses, E. I.

E. I. Moses, “Ignition on the national ignition facility: a path towards inertial fusion energy,” Nucl. Fusion 49, 104022(2009).
[CrossRef]

E. I. Moses, “The national ignition facility (NIF): a path to fusion energy,” Energy Convers. Manage. 49, 1795–1802 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Murray, J.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Murray, J. R.

Nostrand, M. C.

Orth, C. D.

Patterson, R.

Rubenchik, S.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Sacks, R. A.

Schaffers, K.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Shaw, M. J.

Siders, C. W.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Spaeth, M.

Stappaerts, E.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Storm, E.

W. R. Meier, R. Abbott, R. Beach, J. Blink, J. Caird, A. Erlandson, J. Farmer, W. Halsey, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, A. MacIntyre, R. Miles, and E. Storm, “Systems modeling for the laser fusion–fission energy (LIFE) power plant,” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 647–651 (2009).

Sutton, S.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Sutton, S. B.

Telford, S.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Trenholme, J.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

Van Wonterghem, B. M.

Wegner, P. J.

White, R. K.

Widmayer, C. C.

Williams, W. H.

Yang, S. T.

Appl. Opt.

Energy Convers. Manage.

E. I. Moses, “The national ignition facility (NIF): a path to fusion energy,” Energy Convers. Manage. 49, 1795–1802 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fusion Sci. Techonol.

J. A. Caird, V. Agrawal, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, J. Britten, D. Chen, R. Cross, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, M. Feit, B. Freitas, C. Ghosh, C. Haefner, D. Homoelle, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, W. Molander, J. Murray, S. Rubenchik, K. Schaffers, C. W. Siders, E. Stappaerts, S. Sutton, S. Telford, J. Trenholme, and C. P. J. Bart, “Nd:glass laser design for laser ICF fission energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 607–617 (2009).

W. R. Meier, R. Abbott, R. Beach, J. Blink, J. Caird, A. Erlandson, J. Farmer, W. Halsey, T. Ladran, J. Latkowski, A. MacIntyre, R. Miles, and E. Storm, “Systems modeling for the laser fusion–fission energy (LIFE) power plant,” Fusion Sci. Techonol. 56, 647–651 (2009).

Nat. Phys.

J. P. Freidberg and A. C. Kadak, “Fusion–fission hybrids revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 370–372 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Fusion

E. I. Moses, “Ignition on the national ignition facility: a path towards inertial fusion energy,” Nucl. Fusion 49, 104022(2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Today

T. Feder, “Need for clean energy, waste transmutation revives interest in hybrid fusion-fission reactors,” Phys. Today 62(7), 24–27 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer, 1996).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Beam aperture versus gain medium length for one-, two-, and four-pass idealized amplifier system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Step diagrams of SEPA systems with different stages: (a) one-pass, (b) two-pass, and (c) four-pass.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Variation of storage extraction efficiency of two-stage four-pass SEPA system with different stage settings.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Schematic of the new amplifier system design.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Calculated Results for Practical Amplifier Design in Scaling 1 mJ–10 kJ

Tables Icon

Table 2. Parameter of Output Energy Scaling in Both LIFE and New Design

Equations (11)

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Eout=Esln{G0[exp(Ein/Es)1]+1},
Ek+1=Esln{Gk[exp(Ek/Es)1]+1},
Gk+1=Gkexp[p(Ek+1/TEk)Es],
Gk+1=Gkexp[(Ek+1Ek)Es].
eE1/Es1=G0(eEin/Es1).
E2=Esln[G1(eE1/Es1)+1]=Esln[G0e(EinE1)/Es(eE1/Es1)+1]=Esln[G0eEin/EsG0(eEin/Es1)+1G0(eEin/Es1)+1]=Esln[G02eEin/EsG0(eEin/Es1)+1(eEin/Es1)+1].
eE2/Es1=G0eEin/EsG0(eEin/Es1)1+G0(eEin/Es1)=G02eEin/EsG0+1eEin/Es1.
eE3/Es1=G0eEin/EsG02eEin/Es(eEin/Es1)G0(eEin/Es1)+1G02eEin/Es(eEin/Es1)G0(eEin/Es1)+1+1=G03e2Ein/EsG02eEin/Es+G0+1eEin/Es1.
eEout/Es1=G0Me(M1)Ein/Es2M[G0M1e(M2)Ein/Es]+1eEin/Es1.
Up=g0EsLS,
η=UoutUinUp=(EoutEin)SEsg0LS=(EoutEin)Es1g0L=1lnG0EoutEinEs,

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