Abstract

A watt-level passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped double-cladding fiber laser with a graphene oxide (GO) absorber was demonstrated. The structure of the GO saturable absorber mirror (GO-SAM) was of the sandwich type. A maximum output power of 1.8 W was obtained around a wavelength of 1044 nm. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest output power in Q-switched fiber lasers based on a GO saturable absorber. The pure GO was protected from the oxygen in the air so that the damage threshold of the GO-SAM was effectively raised. The gain fiber was a D-shaped ytterbium-doped double-cladding fiber. The pulse repetition rates were tuned from 120 to 215 kHz with pump powers from 3.89 to 7.8 W. The maximum pulse energy was 8.37 μJ at a pulse width of 1.7 μs.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Liu, J. Xu, and P. Wang, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched 2  μm thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 5319–5322 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater. 6, 183–191 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. H. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4, 297–307 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Z. Q. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. M. Huang, H. Y. Xu, C. C. Ye, and Z. P. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3709–3711 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 073106 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. I. M. Zen, N. Saidin, and S. S. A. Damanhuri, “Mode-locked thulium–bismuth codoped fiber laser using graphene saturable absorber in ring cavity,” Appl. Opt. 52, 1226–1229 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141103 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17, 17630–17635 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Feng, Y. Wang, J. Liu, Y. H. Tsang, Y. Song, and Z. Yu, “3  W high-power laser passively mode-locked by graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 298, 168–170 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Ultrafast lasers mode-locked by nanotubes and graphene,” Phys. E 44, 1082–1091 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. P. Loh, Q. L. Bao, G. Eda, and M. Chhowalla, “Graphene oxide as a chemically tunable platform for optical applications,” Nat. Chem. 2, 1015–1024 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. X. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, X. M. Wang, L. Yin, H. Huang, and X. M. Ma, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser passively Q-switched with graphene oxide spin coated on ITO substrate,” Laser Phys. 22, 673–677 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramskil, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 241106 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Jung, J. Koo, P. Debnath, Y.-W. Song, and J. H. Lee, “A mode-locked 1.91  μm fiber laser based on interaction between graphene oxide and evanescent field,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 112702 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  15. L. Zhang, Y. G. Wang, H. J. Yu, W. Sun, Z. H. Han, S. B. Zhang, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, J. M. Li, and J. Tang, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked Nd: YVO4 laser with sandwich structured wallpaper graphene oxide absorber,” Laser Phys. 22, 133–136 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. Fu, L. Gui, W. Zhang, X. Xiao, H. Zhu, and C. Yang, “Passive harmonic mode locking in erbium-doped fiber laser with graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 286, 304–308 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Z. B. Liu, X. Y. He, and D. N. Wang, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber filled with few-layered graphene oxide solution,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3024–3026 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2  μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 15–19 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Xu, J. Liu, S. D. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Graphene oxide mode-locked femtosecond erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20, 15474–15480 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  20. X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 075108 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  21. G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide vs. reduced graphene oxide as saturable absorbers for Er-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 19463–19473 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. Liu, S. D. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Mode-locked and Q-switched Yb-doped fiber lasers with graphene saturable absorber,” Proc. SPIE 8192, 819244 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  23. X.-H. Li, Y.-G. Wang, Y.-S. Wang, X.-H. Hu, W. Zhao, X.-L. Liu, J. Yu, C.-X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D.-Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4, 234–241 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2013

C. Feng, Y. Wang, J. Liu, Y. H. Tsang, Y. Song, and Z. Yu, “3  W high-power laser passively mode-locked by graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 298, 168–170 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Fu, L. Gui, W. Zhang, X. Xiao, H. Zhu, and C. Yang, “Passive harmonic mode locking in erbium-doped fiber laser with graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 286, 304–308 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. I. M. Zen, N. Saidin, and S. S. A. Damanhuri, “Mode-locked thulium–bismuth codoped fiber laser using graphene saturable absorber in ring cavity,” Appl. Opt. 52, 1226–1229 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

J. Xu, J. Liu, S. D. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Graphene oxide mode-locked femtosecond erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20, 15474–15480 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide vs. reduced graphene oxide as saturable absorbers for Er-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 19463–19473 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X.-H. Li, Y.-G. Wang, Y.-S. Wang, X.-H. Hu, W. Zhao, X.-L. Liu, J. Yu, C.-X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D.-Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4, 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2  μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Ultrafast lasers mode-locked by nanotubes and graphene,” Phys. E 44, 1082–1091 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. Xu, and P. Wang, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched 2  μm thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 5319–5322 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, X. M. Wang, L. Yin, H. Huang, and X. M. Ma, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser passively Q-switched with graphene oxide spin coated on ITO substrate,” Laser Phys. 22, 673–677 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramskil, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 241106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Jung, J. Koo, P. Debnath, Y.-W. Song, and J. H. Lee, “A mode-locked 1.91  μm fiber laser based on interaction between graphene oxide and evanescent field,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 112702 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, Y. G. Wang, H. J. Yu, W. Sun, Z. H. Han, S. B. Zhang, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, J. M. Li, and J. Tang, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked Nd: YVO4 laser with sandwich structured wallpaper graphene oxide absorber,” Laser Phys. 22, 133–136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. H. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4, 297–307 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, S. D. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Mode-locked and Q-switched Yb-doped fiber lasers with graphene saturable absorber,” Proc. SPIE 8192, 819244 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. B. Liu, X. Y. He, and D. N. Wang, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber filled with few-layered graphene oxide solution,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3024–3026 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

Z. Q. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. M. Huang, H. Y. Xu, C. C. Ye, and Z. P. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3709–3711 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Loh, Q. L. Bao, G. Eda, and M. Chhowalla, “Graphene oxide as a chemically tunable platform for optical applications,” Nat. Chem. 2, 1015–1024 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17, 17630–17635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater. 6, 183–191 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Abramski, K. M.

Abramskil, K. M.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramskil, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 241106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bao, Q. L.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. H. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4, 297–307 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Loh, Q. L. Bao, G. Eda, and M. Chhowalla, “Graphene oxide as a chemically tunable platform for optical applications,” Nat. Chem. 2, 1015–1024 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17, 17630–17635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boguslawski, J.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramskil, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 241106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide vs. reduced graphene oxide as saturable absorbers for Er-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 19463–19473 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cai, Z. P.

Chhowalla, M.

K. P. Loh, Q. L. Bao, G. Eda, and M. Chhowalla, “Graphene oxide as a chemically tunable platform for optical applications,” Nat. Chem. 2, 1015–1024 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Damanhuri, S. S. A.

Debnath, P.

M. Jung, J. Koo, P. Debnath, Y.-W. Song, and J. H. Lee, “A mode-locked 1.91  μm fiber laser based on interaction between graphene oxide and evanescent field,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 112702 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Eda, G.

K. P. Loh, Q. L. Bao, G. Eda, and M. Chhowalla, “Graphene oxide as a chemically tunable platform for optical applications,” Nat. Chem. 2, 1015–1024 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Feng, C.

C. Feng, Y. Wang, J. Liu, Y. H. Tsang, Y. Song, and Z. Yu, “3  W high-power laser passively mode-locked by graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 298, 168–170 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, A. C.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Ultrafast lasers mode-locked by nanotubes and graphene,” Phys. E 44, 1082–1091 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fu, B.

B. Fu, L. Gui, W. Zhang, X. Xiao, H. Zhu, and C. Yang, “Passive harmonic mode locking in erbium-doped fiber laser with graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 286, 304–308 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gao, C.-X.

X.-H. Li, Y.-G. Wang, Y.-S. Wang, X.-H. Hu, W. Zhao, X.-L. Liu, J. Yu, C.-X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D.-Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4, 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Geim, A. K.

A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater. 6, 183–191 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gui, L.

B. Fu, L. Gui, W. Zhang, X. Xiao, H. Zhu, and C. Yang, “Passive harmonic mode locking in erbium-doped fiber laser with graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 286, 304–308 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Han, Z. H.

L. Zhang, Y. G. Wang, H. J. Yu, W. Sun, Z. H. Han, S. B. Zhang, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, J. M. Li, and J. Tang, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked Nd: YVO4 laser with sandwich structured wallpaper graphene oxide absorber,” Laser Phys. 22, 133–136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hasan, T.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Ultrafast lasers mode-locked by nanotubes and graphene,” Phys. E 44, 1082–1091 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

He, X. Y.

Holdynski, M.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramskil, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 241106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide vs. reduced graphene oxide as saturable absorbers for Er-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 19463–19473 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hou, W.

L. Zhang, Y. G. Wang, H. J. Yu, W. Sun, Z. H. Han, S. B. Zhang, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, J. M. Li, and J. Tang, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked Nd: YVO4 laser with sandwich structured wallpaper graphene oxide absorber,” Laser Phys. 22, 133–136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X.-H.

X.-H. Li, Y.-G. Wang, Y.-S. Wang, X.-H. Hu, W. Zhao, X.-L. Liu, J. Yu, C.-X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D.-Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4, 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huang, G. M.

Huang, H.

X. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, X. M. Wang, L. Yin, H. Huang, and X. M. Ma, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser passively Q-switched with graphene oxide spin coated on ITO substrate,” Laser Phys. 22, 673–677 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jagiello, J.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide vs. reduced graphene oxide as saturable absorbers for Er-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 19463–19473 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramskil, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 241106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jung, M.

M. Jung, J. Koo, P. Debnath, Y.-W. Song, and J. H. Lee, “A mode-locked 1.91  μm fiber laser based on interaction between graphene oxide and evanescent field,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 112702 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Koo, J.

M. Jung, J. Koo, P. Debnath, Y.-W. Song, and J. H. Lee, “A mode-locked 1.91  μm fiber laser based on interaction between graphene oxide and evanescent field,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 112702 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kozinski, R.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide vs. reduced graphene oxide as saturable absorbers for Er-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 19463–19473 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramskil, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 241106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

M. Jung, J. Koo, P. Debnath, Y.-W. Song, and J. H. Lee, “A mode-locked 1.91  μm fiber laser based on interaction between graphene oxide and evanescent field,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 112702 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

X.-H. Li, Y.-G. Wang, Y.-S. Wang, X.-H. Hu, W. Zhao, X.-L. Liu, J. Yu, C.-X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D.-Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4, 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, G. Q.

X. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, X. M. Wang, L. Yin, H. Huang, and X. M. Ma, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser passively Q-switched with graphene oxide spin coated on ITO substrate,” Laser Phys. 22, 673–677 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, J. M.

L. Zhang, Y. G. Wang, H. J. Yu, W. Sun, Z. H. Han, S. B. Zhang, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, J. M. Li, and J. Tang, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked Nd: YVO4 laser with sandwich structured wallpaper graphene oxide absorber,” Laser Phys. 22, 133–136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

X. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, X. M. Wang, L. Yin, H. Huang, and X. M. Ma, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser passively Q-switched with graphene oxide spin coated on ITO substrate,” Laser Phys. 22, 673–677 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. H.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.-H.

X.-H. Li, Y.-G. Wang, Y.-S. Wang, X.-H. Hu, W. Zhao, X.-L. Liu, J. Yu, C.-X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D.-Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4, 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, X. C.

L. Zhang, Y. G. Wang, H. J. Yu, W. Sun, Z. H. Han, S. B. Zhang, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, J. M. Li, and J. Tang, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked Nd: YVO4 laser with sandwich structured wallpaper graphene oxide absorber,” Laser Phys. 22, 133–136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lipinska, L.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide vs. reduced graphene oxide as saturable absorbers for Er-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 19463–19473 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramskil, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 241106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

C. Feng, Y. Wang, J. Liu, Y. H. Tsang, Y. Song, and Z. Yu, “3  W high-power laser passively mode-locked by graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 298, 168–170 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. Xu, and P. Wang, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched 2  μm thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 5319–5322 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2  μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, J. Liu, S. D. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Graphene oxide mode-locked femtosecond erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20, 15474–15480 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, S. D. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Mode-locked and Q-switched Yb-doped fiber lasers with graphene saturable absorber,” Proc. SPIE 8192, 819244 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.-L.

X.-H. Li, Y.-G. Wang, Y.-S. Wang, X.-H. Hu, W. Zhao, X.-L. Liu, J. Yu, C.-X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D.-Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4, 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z. B.

Loh, K. P.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. H. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4, 297–307 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Loh, Q. L. Bao, G. Eda, and M. Chhowalla, “Graphene oxide as a chemically tunable platform for optical applications,” Nat. Chem. 2, 1015–1024 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17, 17630–17635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z. Q.

Ma, X. M.

X. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, X. M. Wang, L. Yin, H. Huang, and X. M. Ma, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser passively Q-switched with graphene oxide spin coated on ITO substrate,” Laser Phys. 22, 673–677 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ni, Z. H.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. H. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4, 297–307 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Novoselov, K. S.

A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater. 6, 183–191 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Paletko, P.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramskil, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 241106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide vs. reduced graphene oxide as saturable absorbers for Er-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 19463–19473 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Polavarapu, L.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. H. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4, 297–307 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Popa, D.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Qu, Z. S.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2  μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Saidin, N.

Shen, D.-Y.

X.-H. Li, Y.-G. Wang, Y.-S. Wang, X.-H. Hu, W. Zhao, X.-L. Liu, J. Yu, C.-X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D.-Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4, 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Z.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. H. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4, 297–307 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P. P.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sobon, G.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramskil, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 241106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide vs. reduced graphene oxide as saturable absorbers for Er-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 19463–19473 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y.

C. Feng, Y. Wang, J. Liu, Y. H. Tsang, Y. Song, and Z. Yu, “3  W high-power laser passively mode-locked by graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 298, 168–170 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y.-W.

M. Jung, J. Koo, P. Debnath, Y.-W. Song, and J. H. Lee, “A mode-locked 1.91  μm fiber laser based on interaction between graphene oxide and evanescent field,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 112702 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sotor, J.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide vs. reduced graphene oxide as saturable absorbers for Er-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 19463–19473 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramskil, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 241106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Su, L. B.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2  μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sun, W.

L. Zhang, Y. G. Wang, H. J. Yu, W. Sun, Z. H. Han, S. B. Zhang, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, J. M. Li, and J. Tang, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked Nd: YVO4 laser with sandwich structured wallpaper graphene oxide absorber,” Laser Phys. 22, 133–136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Z.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Ultrafast lasers mode-locked by nanotubes and graphene,” Phys. E 44, 1082–1091 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. H. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4, 297–307 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17, 17630–17635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tang, J.

L. Zhang, Y. G. Wang, H. J. Yu, W. Sun, Z. H. Han, S. B. Zhang, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, J. M. Li, and J. Tang, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked Nd: YVO4 laser with sandwich structured wallpaper graphene oxide absorber,” Laser Phys. 22, 133–136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Torrisi, F.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, Y. H.

C. Feng, Y. Wang, J. Liu, Y. H. Tsang, Y. Song, and Z. Yu, “3  W high-power laser passively mode-locked by graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 298, 168–170 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D. N.

Wang, F.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

J. Liu, J. Xu, and P. Wang, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched 2  μm thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 5319–5322 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, J. Liu, S. D. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Graphene oxide mode-locked femtosecond erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20, 15474–15480 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, S. D. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Mode-locked and Q-switched Yb-doped fiber lasers with graphene saturable absorber,” Proc. SPIE 8192, 819244 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. J.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. M.

X. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, X. M. Wang, L. Yin, H. Huang, and X. M. Ma, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser passively Q-switched with graphene oxide spin coated on ITO substrate,” Laser Phys. 22, 673–677 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

C. Feng, Y. Wang, J. Liu, Y. H. Tsang, Y. Song, and Z. Yu, “3  W high-power laser passively mode-locked by graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 298, 168–170 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. H. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4, 297–307 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. G.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, Y. G. Wang, H. J. Yu, W. Sun, Z. H. Han, S. B. Zhang, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, J. M. Li, and J. Tang, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked Nd: YVO4 laser with sandwich structured wallpaper graphene oxide absorber,” Laser Phys. 22, 133–136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2  μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. S.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.-G.

X.-H. Li, Y.-G. Wang, Y.-S. Wang, X.-H. Hu, W. Zhao, X.-L. Liu, J. Yu, C.-X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D.-Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4, 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.-S.

X.-H. Li, Y.-G. Wang, Y.-S. Wang, X.-H. Hu, W. Zhao, X.-L. Liu, J. Yu, C.-X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D.-Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4, 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Weng, J.

Wu, K.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. D.

J. Xu, J. Liu, S. D. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Graphene oxide mode-locked femtosecond erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20, 15474–15480 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, S. D. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Mode-locked and Q-switched Yb-doped fiber lasers with graphene saturable absorber,” Proc. SPIE 8192, 819244 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, X.

B. Fu, L. Gui, W. Zhang, X. Xiao, H. Zhu, and C. Yang, “Passive harmonic mode locking in erbium-doped fiber laser with graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 286, 304–308 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H. Y.

Xu, J.

J. Liu, J. Xu, and P. Wang, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched 2  μm thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 5319–5322 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2  μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, J. Liu, S. D. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Graphene oxide mode-locked femtosecond erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20, 15474–15480 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Q. H.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. H. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4, 297–307 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C.

B. Fu, L. Gui, W. Zhang, X. Xiao, H. Zhu, and C. Yang, “Passive harmonic mode locking in erbium-doped fiber laser with graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 286, 304–308 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q. H.

J. Xu, J. Liu, S. D. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Graphene oxide mode-locked femtosecond erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20, 15474–15480 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, S. D. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Mode-locked and Q-switched Yb-doped fiber lasers with graphene saturable absorber,” Proc. SPIE 8192, 819244 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Z.

X.-H. Li, Y.-G. Wang, Y.-S. Wang, X.-H. Hu, W. Zhao, X.-L. Liu, J. Yu, C.-X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D.-Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4, 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ye, C. C.

Yin, L.

X. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, X. M. Wang, L. Yin, H. Huang, and X. M. Ma, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser passively Q-switched with graphene oxide spin coated on ITO substrate,” Laser Phys. 22, 673–677 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H. J.

L. Zhang, Y. G. Wang, H. J. Yu, W. Sun, Z. H. Han, S. B. Zhang, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, J. M. Li, and J. Tang, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked Nd: YVO4 laser with sandwich structured wallpaper graphene oxide absorber,” Laser Phys. 22, 133–136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

X.-H. Li, Y.-G. Wang, Y.-S. Wang, X.-H. Hu, W. Zhao, X.-L. Liu, J. Yu, C.-X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D.-Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4, 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Z.

C. Feng, Y. Wang, J. Liu, Y. H. Tsang, Y. Song, and Z. Yu, “3  W high-power laser passively mode-locked by graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 298, 168–170 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zdrojek, M.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramskil, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 241106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide vs. reduced graphene oxide as saturable absorbers for Er-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 19463–19473 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zen, D. I. M.

Zhang, H.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. H. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4, 297–307 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17, 17630–17635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, Y. G. Wang, H. J. Yu, W. Sun, Z. H. Han, S. B. Zhang, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, J. M. Li, and J. Tang, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked Nd: YVO4 laser with sandwich structured wallpaper graphene oxide absorber,” Laser Phys. 22, 133–136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. B.

L. Zhang, Y. G. Wang, H. J. Yu, W. Sun, Z. H. Han, S. B. Zhang, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, J. M. Li, and J. Tang, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked Nd: YVO4 laser with sandwich structured wallpaper graphene oxide absorber,” Laser Phys. 22, 133–136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

B. Fu, L. Gui, W. Zhang, X. Xiao, H. Zhu, and C. Yang, “Passive harmonic mode locking in erbium-doped fiber laser with graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 286, 304–308 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X.-H. Li, Y.-G. Wang, Y.-S. Wang, X.-H. Hu, W. Zhao, X.-L. Liu, J. Yu, C.-X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D.-Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4, 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. Z.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L. M.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17, 17630–17635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, S. Z.

X. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, X. M. Wang, L. Yin, H. Huang, and X. M. Ma, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser passively Q-switched with graphene oxide spin coated on ITO substrate,” Laser Phys. 22, 673–677 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, W.

X.-H. Li, Y.-G. Wang, Y.-S. Wang, X.-H. Hu, W. Zhao, X.-L. Liu, J. Yu, C.-X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D.-Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4, 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, L. H.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2  μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, M.

Zhu, H.

B. Fu, L. Gui, W. Zhang, X. Xiao, H. Zhu, and C. Yang, “Passive harmonic mode locking in erbium-doped fiber laser with graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 286, 304–308 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Express

M. Jung, J. Koo, P. Debnath, Y.-W. Song, and J. H. Lee, “A mode-locked 1.91  μm fiber laser based on interaction between graphene oxide and evanescent field,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 112702 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramskil, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 241106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J.

X.-H. Li, Y.-G. Wang, Y.-S. Wang, X.-H. Hu, W. Zhao, X.-L. Liu, J. Yu, C.-X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D.-Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4, 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys.

X. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, X. M. Wang, L. Yin, H. Huang, and X. M. Ma, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser passively Q-switched with graphene oxide spin coated on ITO substrate,” Laser Phys. 22, 673–677 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, Y. G. Wang, H. J. Yu, W. Sun, Z. H. Han, S. B. Zhang, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, J. M. Li, and J. Tang, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked Nd: YVO4 laser with sandwich structured wallpaper graphene oxide absorber,” Laser Phys. 22, 133–136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2  μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nano Res.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. H. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4, 297–307 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Chem.

K. P. Loh, Q. L. Bao, G. Eda, and M. Chhowalla, “Graphene oxide as a chemically tunable platform for optical applications,” Nat. Chem. 2, 1015–1024 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater.

A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater. 6, 183–191 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

J. Liu, J. Xu, and P. Wang, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched 2  μm thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 5319–5322 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Feng, Y. Wang, J. Liu, Y. H. Tsang, Y. Song, and Z. Yu, “3  W high-power laser passively mode-locked by graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 298, 168–170 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Fu, L. Gui, W. Zhang, X. Xiao, H. Zhu, and C. Yang, “Passive harmonic mode locking in erbium-doped fiber laser with graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 286, 304–308 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. E

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Ultrafast lasers mode-locked by nanotubes and graphene,” Phys. E 44, 1082–1091 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

J. Liu, S. D. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Mode-locked and Q-switched Yb-doped fiber lasers with graphene saturable absorber,” Proc. SPIE 8192, 819244 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (11)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Procedure for the fabrication of the GO absorber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Picture of the quartz with GO and (b) the mounting of the GO absorber.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Raman spectrum of GO absorber excited by a 532 nm laser.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Absorption of the GO absorber with and without the sandwich structure.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Schematic setup of the ytterbium-doped double-cladding fiber lasers with and without the GO-SAM.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Output powers versus pump power of the Q-switched lasers.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Spectrum of the Q-switched lasers.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Pulse width and repetition rate versus pump powers in a Q-switched laser.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Pulse trains of the Q-switched laser with different pump powers: (a) pump power of 3.89 W and (b) pump power of 4.5 W.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Pulse train of the Q-switched laser with a pump power of 7.8 W; the inset is the narrowest pulse width of 1.7 μs.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Beam shape of the fiber laser.

Metrics