Abstract

Viewing-zone control of integral imaging (II) displays using a directional projection and elemental image (EI) resizing method is proposed. Directional projection of EIs with the same size of microlens pitch causes an EI mismatch at the EI plane. In this method, EIs are generated computationally using a newly introduced algorithm: the directional elemental image generation and resizing algorithm considering the directional projection geometry of each pixel as well as an EI resizing method to prevent the EI mismatch. Generated EIs are projected as a collimated projection beam with a predefined directional angle, either horizontally or vertically. The proposed II display system allows reconstruction of a 3D image within a predefined viewing zone that is determined by the directional projection angle.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  4. S. Jung, S.-W. Min, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Study of three-dimensional display system based on computer-generated integral photography,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 5, 43–48 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Hoshino, F. Isono, and I. Yuyama, “Analysis of resolution limitation of integral photography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 15, 2059–2065 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, and B. Lee, “Analysis of viewing parameters for two display methods based on integral photography,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5217–5232 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J.-H. Park, J. Kim, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, “Resolution-enhanced three-dimension/two-dimension convertible display based on integral imaging,” Opt. Express 13, 1875–1884 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Yamasaki, H. Sakai, T. Koike, and M. Oikawa, “Full-parallax autostereoscopic display with scalable lateral resolution using overlaid multiple projection,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18, 494–500 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J.-H. Park, H.-R. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Kim, J. Hong, S.-D. Lee, and B. Lee, “Depth-enhanced three-dimensional-two-dimensional convertible display based on modified integral imaging,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2734–2736 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Park, J.-H. Jung, K. Hong, Y. Kim, Y.-H. Kim, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Multi-viewer tracking integral imaging system and its viewing zone analysis,” Opt. Express 17, 17895–17908 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, “Wide-viewing-angle integral three-dimensional imaging system by curving a screen and a lens array,” Appl. Opt. 44, 546–552 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. H. Choi, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Multiple-viewing-zone integral imaging using a dynamic barrier array for three-dimensional displays,” Opt. Express 11, 927–932 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  25. G. Baasantseren, J.-H. Park, K.-C. Kwon, and N. Kim, “Viewing angle enhanced integral imaging display using two elemental image masks,” Opt. Express 17, 14405–14417 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  26. M. Shin, G. Baasantseren, K.-C. Kwon, N. Kim, and J.-H. Park, “Three-dimensional display system based on integral imaging with viewing direction control,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 072501 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  27. Y. Kim, J. Kim, J.-M. Kang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, “Point light source integral imaging with improved resolution and viewing angle by the use of electrically movable pinhole array,” Opt. Express 15, 18253–18267 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  28. G. Li, K.-C. Kwon, G.-H. Shin, J.-S. Jeong, K.-H. Yoo, and N. Kim, “Simplified integral imaging pickup method for real objects using a depth camera,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 16, 381–385 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (3)

2010 (3)

S. Park, B.-S. Song, and S.-W. Min, “Analysis of image visibility in projection-type integral imaging system without diffuser,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 14, 121–126 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Shin, G. Baasantseren, K.-C. Kwon, N. Kim, and J.-H. Park, “Three-dimensional display system based on integral imaging with viewing direction control,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 072501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamasaki, H. Sakai, T. Koike, and M. Oikawa, “Full-parallax autostereoscopic display with scalable lateral resolution using overlaid multiple projection,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18, 494–500 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

2005 (3)

2004 (3)

2003 (3)

2002 (2)

2001 (2)

1998 (1)

H. Hoshino, F. Isono, and I. Yuyama, “Analysis of resolution limitation of integral photography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 15, 2059–2065 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1978 (1)

Y. Igarishi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, “3D display system using a computer generated integral photography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683–1684 (1978).

1908 (1)

M. G. Lipmann, “Epreuves reversibles donnant la sensation du relief,” J. Phys. 7, 821–825 (1908).
[CrossRef]

Alam, M. A.

M. A. Alam, G. Baasantseren, M.-U. Erdenebat, N. Kim, and J.-H. Park, “Resolution enhancement of integral-imaging three-dimensional display using directional elemental image projection,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 20, 221–227 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Arai, J.

Baasantseren, G.

M. A. Alam, G. Baasantseren, M.-U. Erdenebat, N. Kim, and J.-H. Park, “Resolution enhancement of integral-imaging three-dimensional display using directional elemental image projection,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 20, 221–227 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Shin, G. Baasantseren, K.-C. Kwon, N. Kim, and J.-H. Park, “Three-dimensional display system based on integral imaging with viewing direction control,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 072501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Baasantseren, J.-H. Park, K.-C. Kwon, and N. Kim, “Viewing angle enhanced integral imaging display using two elemental image masks,” Opt. Express 17, 14405–14417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Park, G. Baasantseren, N. Kim, G. Park, J.-M. Kang, and B. Lee, “View image generation in perspective and orthographic projection geometry based on integral imaging,” Opt. Express 16, 8800–8813 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S.-W.

Choi, H.

Choi, H.-J.

Erdenebat, M.-U.

M. A. Alam, G. Baasantseren, M.-U. Erdenebat, N. Kim, and J.-H. Park, “Resolution enhancement of integral-imaging three-dimensional display using directional elemental image projection,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 20, 221–227 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hong, J.

Hong, K.

Hoshino, H.

H. Hoshino, F. Isono, and I. Yuyama, “Analysis of resolution limitation of integral photography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 15, 2059–2065 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Okano, H. Hoshino, J. Arai, and I. Yuayma, “Real-time pickup method for a three-dimensional image based on integral photography,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1598–1603 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Igarishi, Y.

Y. Igarishi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, “3D display system using a computer generated integral photography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683–1684 (1978).

Isono, F.

H. Hoshino, F. Isono, and I. Yuyama, “Analysis of resolution limitation of integral photography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 15, 2059–2065 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jang, J.-S.

Javidi, B.

Jeong, J.-S.

Jung, J.

Jung, J.-H.

Jung, K.-M.

Jung, S.

Kang, J.-M.

Kim, H.-R.

Kim, J.

Kim, N.

G. Li, K.-C. Kwon, G.-H. Shin, J.-S. Jeong, K.-H. Yoo, and N. Kim, “Simplified integral imaging pickup method for real objects using a depth camera,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 16, 381–385 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Alam, G. Baasantseren, M.-U. Erdenebat, N. Kim, and J.-H. Park, “Resolution enhancement of integral-imaging three-dimensional display using directional elemental image projection,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 20, 221–227 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Shin, G. Baasantseren, K.-C. Kwon, N. Kim, and J.-H. Park, “Three-dimensional display system based on integral imaging with viewing direction control,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 072501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Baasantseren, J.-H. Park, K.-C. Kwon, and N. Kim, “Viewing angle enhanced integral imaging display using two elemental image masks,” Opt. Express 17, 14405–14417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Park, G. Baasantseren, N. Kim, G. Park, J.-M. Kang, and B. Lee, “View image generation in perspective and orthographic projection geometry based on integral imaging,” Opt. Express 16, 8800–8813 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.

Kim, Y. M.

Kim, Y.-H.

Koike, T.

M. Yamasaki, H. Sakai, T. Koike, and M. Oikawa, “Full-parallax autostereoscopic display with scalable lateral resolution using overlaid multiple projection,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18, 494–500 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, K.-C.

Lee, B.

G. Park, J.-H. Jung, K. Hong, Y. Kim, Y.-H. Kim, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Multi-viewer tracking integral imaging system and its viewing zone analysis,” Opt. Express 17, 17895–17908 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Park, G. Baasantseren, N. Kim, G. Park, J.-M. Kang, and B. Lee, “View image generation in perspective and orthographic projection geometry based on integral imaging,” Opt. Express 16, 8800–8813 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kim, J. Kim, J.-M. Kang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, “Point light source integral imaging with improved resolution and viewing angle by the use of electrically movable pinhole array,” Opt. Express 15, 18253–18267 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Choi, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, “Wide-viewing-angle 3D/2D convertible display system using two display devices and a lens array,” Opt. Express 13, 8424–8432 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, “Wide-viewing-angle integral three-dimensional imaging system by curving a screen and a lens array,” Appl. Opt. 44, 546–552 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Park, J. Kim, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, “Resolution-enhanced three-dimension/two-dimension convertible display based on integral imaging,” Opt. Express 13, 1875–1884 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Park, H.-R. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Kim, J. Hong, S.-D. Lee, and B. Lee, “Depth-enhanced three-dimensional-two-dimensional convertible display based on modified integral imaging,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2734–2736 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Choi, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Multiple-viewing-zone integral imaging using a dynamic barrier array for three-dimensional displays,” Opt. Express 11, 927–932 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Lee, S. Jung, and J.-H. Park, “Viewing-angle-enhanced integral imaging by lens switching,” Opt. Lett. 27, 818–820 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Jung, S.-W. Min, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Study of three-dimensional display system based on computer-generated integral photography,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 5, 43–48 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, and B. Lee, “Analysis of viewing parameters for two display methods based on integral photography,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5217–5232 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.-D.

Li, G.

Lipmann, M. G.

M. G. Lipmann, “Epreuves reversibles donnant la sensation du relief,” J. Phys. 7, 821–825 (1908).
[CrossRef]

Martínez-Corral, M.

Martinez-Cuenca, R.

Min, S.-W.

Murata, H.

Y. Igarishi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, “3D display system using a computer generated integral photography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683–1684 (1978).

Navarro, H.

Oh, Y.-S.

Oikawa, M.

M. Yamasaki, H. Sakai, T. Koike, and M. Oikawa, “Full-parallax autostereoscopic display with scalable lateral resolution using overlaid multiple projection,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18, 494–500 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Okano, F.

Park, G.

Park, J.-H.

M. A. Alam, G. Baasantseren, M.-U. Erdenebat, N. Kim, and J.-H. Park, “Resolution enhancement of integral-imaging three-dimensional display using directional elemental image projection,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 20, 221–227 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Shin, G. Baasantseren, K.-C. Kwon, N. Kim, and J.-H. Park, “Three-dimensional display system based on integral imaging with viewing direction control,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 072501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Baasantseren, J.-H. Park, K.-C. Kwon, and N. Kim, “Viewing angle enhanced integral imaging display using two elemental image masks,” Opt. Express 17, 14405–14417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Park, G. Baasantseren, N. Kim, G. Park, J.-M. Kang, and B. Lee, “View image generation in perspective and orthographic projection geometry based on integral imaging,” Opt. Express 16, 8800–8813 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Park, J. Kim, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, “Resolution-enhanced three-dimension/two-dimension convertible display based on integral imaging,” Opt. Express 13, 1875–1884 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Choi, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, “Wide-viewing-angle 3D/2D convertible display system using two display devices and a lens array,” Opt. Express 13, 8424–8432 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, “Wide-viewing-angle integral three-dimensional imaging system by curving a screen and a lens array,” Appl. Opt. 44, 546–552 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Park, H.-R. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Kim, J. Hong, S.-D. Lee, and B. Lee, “Depth-enhanced three-dimensional-two-dimensional convertible display based on modified integral imaging,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2734–2736 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Choi, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Multiple-viewing-zone integral imaging using a dynamic barrier array for three-dimensional displays,” Opt. Express 11, 927–932 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Lee, S. Jung, and J.-H. Park, “Viewing-angle-enhanced integral imaging by lens switching,” Opt. Lett. 27, 818–820 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Jung, S.-W. Min, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Study of three-dimensional display system based on computer-generated integral photography,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 5, 43–48 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, and B. Lee, “Analysis of viewing parameters for two display methods based on integral photography,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5217–5232 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.

Saavedra, G.

Sakai, H.

M. Yamasaki, H. Sakai, T. Koike, and M. Oikawa, “Full-parallax autostereoscopic display with scalable lateral resolution using overlaid multiple projection,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18, 494–500 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shin, G.-H.

Shin, M.

M. Shin, G. Baasantseren, K.-C. Kwon, N. Kim, and J.-H. Park, “Three-dimensional display system based on integral imaging with viewing direction control,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 072501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Song, B.-S.

Stern, A.

Ueda, M.

Y. Igarishi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, “3D display system using a computer generated integral photography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683–1684 (1978).

Yamasaki, M.

M. Yamasaki, H. Sakai, T. Koike, and M. Oikawa, “Full-parallax autostereoscopic display with scalable lateral resolution using overlaid multiple projection,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18, 494–500 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, K.-H.

Yuayma, I.

Yuyama, I.

H. Hoshino, F. Isono, and I. Yuyama, “Analysis of resolution limitation of integral photography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 15, 2059–2065 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (6)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

H. Hoshino, F. Isono, and I. Yuyama, “Analysis of resolution limitation of integral photography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 15, 2059–2065 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Korea (3)

J. Phys. (1)

M. G. Lipmann, “Epreuves reversibles donnant la sensation du relief,” J. Phys. 7, 821–825 (1908).
[CrossRef]

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (2)

M. A. Alam, G. Baasantseren, M.-U. Erdenebat, N. Kim, and J.-H. Park, “Resolution enhancement of integral-imaging three-dimensional display using directional elemental image projection,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 20, 221–227 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamasaki, H. Sakai, T. Koike, and M. Oikawa, “Full-parallax autostereoscopic display with scalable lateral resolution using overlaid multiple projection,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18, 494–500 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

M. Shin, G. Baasantseren, K.-C. Kwon, N. Kim, and J.-H. Park, “Three-dimensional display system based on integral imaging with viewing direction control,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 072501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Igarishi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, “3D display system using a computer generated integral photography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683–1684 (1978).

Opt. Express (10)

J.-H. Park, J. Kim, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, “Resolution-enhanced three-dimension/two-dimension convertible display based on integral imaging,” Opt. Express 13, 1875–1884 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Choi, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, “Wide-viewing-angle 3D/2D convertible display system using two display devices and a lens array,” Opt. Express 13, 8424–8432 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Martinez-Cuenca, H. Navarro, G. Saavedra, B. Javidi, and M. Martínez-Corral, “Enhanced viewing-angle integral imaging by multiple-axis telecentric relay system,” Opt. Express 15, 16255–16260 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kim, J. Kim, J.-M. Kang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, “Point light source integral imaging with improved resolution and viewing angle by the use of electrically movable pinhole array,” Opt. Express 15, 18253–18267 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Park, G. Baasantseren, N. Kim, G. Park, J.-M. Kang, and B. Lee, “View image generation in perspective and orthographic projection geometry based on integral imaging,” Opt. Express 16, 8800–8813 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Baasantseren, J.-H. Park, K.-C. Kwon, and N. Kim, “Viewing angle enhanced integral imaging display using two elemental image masks,” Opt. Express 17, 14405–14417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Park, J.-H. Jung, K. Hong, Y. Kim, Y.-H. Kim, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Multi-viewer tracking integral imaging system and its viewing zone analysis,” Opt. Express 17, 17895–17908 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Choi, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Multiple-viewing-zone integral imaging using a dynamic barrier array for three-dimensional displays,” Opt. Express 11, 927–932 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J.-S. Jang, Y.-S. Oh, and B. Javidi, “Spatiotemporally multiplexed integral imaging projector for large-scale high-resolution three dimensional display,” Opt. Express 12, 557–563 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.-S. Jang and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional projection integral imaging using micro-convex-mirror arrays,” Opt. Express 12, 1077–1083 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

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