Abstract

The imaging properties of three types of refractive axicons are examined by using them in an imaging system. A linear axicon, a logarithmic axicon, and a Fresnel axicon are characterized by determining their point spread functions (PSFs) experimentally and by numerical simulation. The PSFs, which vary along the depth of field for the cases considered in the present investigation, are used in digital filters to denoise the images. A comparison of the imaging performance of these three optical elements is presented.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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