Abstract

A two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide structure is designed for both TE- and TM-mode slow light propagation. The minimum group index of the waveguide for TE and TM modes can reach to 137.8 and 126.4, and the two polarizations have the same slow light frequency region. The designed structure can provide a large bandwidth range with very low group velocity dispersion for both TE and TM modes. The transmission property investigation for a suspended two-dimensional slab photonic crystal waveguide (PCW) indicates that such slow light character may be retained when perfect reflectors can be fixed on the horizontal surfaces of the slab. Such high group index for both TE and TM modes in two-dimensional PCWs is, to the best of our knowledge, first reported here, and may provide some useful guides for slow light research in theory.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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