Abstract

In this paper, a tunable low power slow light photonic crystal device with a silicon-on-insulator platform is proposed based on the combination of an asymmetric defects coupled-cavity waveguide and the electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) phenomenon. Modulating the refractive index of special regions in the suggested structure by the EIT phenomenon leads to a relatively wideband slow light device with adjustable group index in the same structure. Using this feature, a small and compact delay line is introduced that has many applications in optical telecommunications, especially in buffers. The numerical calculations show that the group index of 80–98 over the slow light bandwidth from 3.2 to 2.6 nm is achievable for the central wavelength of 1546–1555 nm, respectively. The device malfunction, due to fabrication errors, is modeled, and the tunable characteristics of the proposed structure are verified.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

2012 (5)

Y. Zhao, Y. N. Zhang, D. Wu, and Q. Wang, “Wideband slow light with large group index and low dispersion in slotted photonic crystal waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 2812–2817 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Novikova, R. L. Walsworth, and Y. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-based slow and stored light in warm atoms,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 333–353 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Wang, Z. Yu, Y. Liu, X. Guo, and S. Zhou, “Optimization of a two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide for ultraslow light propagation,” J. Opt. 14, 125101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Tian, F. Long, W. Liu, and Y. Ji, “Tunable slow light and buffer capability in photonic crystal coupled-cavity waveguides based on electro-optic effect,” Opt. Commun. 285, 2760–2764 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Blown, C. Fisher, F. J. Lawrence, N. Gutman, and C. M. de Sterke, “Semi-analytic method for slow light photonic crystal waveguide design,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. 10, 478–484 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (4)

2010 (6)

Sh. Lü, J. Zhao, and D. Zhang, “Flat band slow light in asymmetric photonic crystal waveguide based on microfluidic infiltration,” Appl. Opt. 49, 3930–3934 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Üstün and H. Kurt, “Ultra slow light achievement in photonic crystals by merging coupled cavities with waveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 21155–21161 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Rawal, R. K. Sinha, and R. De La Rue, “Slow light propagation in liquid-crystal infiltrated silicon-on-insulator photonic crystal channel waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2560–2571 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Adachi, N. Ishikura, H. Sasaki, and T. Baba, “Wide range tuning of slow light pulse in SOI photonic crystal coupled waveguide via folded chirping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 192–199 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Raza, J. Grgíc, S. Xiao, and N. Mortensen, “Coupled-resonator optical waveguides: Q-factor influence on slow-light propagation and the maximal group delay,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 5, 10009 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. A. schulz, L. O’Faolain, D. M. Beggs, T. P. White, A. Melloni, and T. F. Krauss, “Dispersion engineered slow light in photonic crystals: a comparison,” J. Opt. 12, 104004 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

H. Habibiyan, H. Ghafoori-Fard, and A. Rostami, “Tunable all-optical photonic crystal channel drop filter for DWDM systems,” J. Opt. A 11, 065102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, J. He, Y. Jin, and Z. Hong, “Slow light in a dielectric slab waveguide with a negative refractive index photonic crystal substrate,” Opt. Commun. 282, 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Hou, D. Gao, H. Wu, R. Hao, and Z. Zhou, “Flat band slow light in symmetric line defect photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1571–1573 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, C. Monat, and B. J. Eggleton, “Dispersion engineering of slow light photonic crystal waveguides using microfluidic infiltration,” Opt. Express 17, 1628–1635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, B. Corcoran, M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Slow light enhancement of nonlinear effects in silicon engineered photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 17, 2944–2953 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

2007 (5)

2006 (3)

2005 (5)

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Zh. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Tucker, P. Ku, and C. Chang-Hasnain, “Slow-light optical buffers: capabilities and fundamental limitations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 4046–4066 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Song, M. G. Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, “Long optically controlled delays in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1782–1784 (2005).

D. Dahan and G. Eisenstein, “Tunable all optical delay via slow and fast light propagation in a Raman assisted fiber optical parametric amplifier: a route to all optical buffering,” Opt. Express 13, 6234–6249 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. X. Guo and Y. B. Yu, “Nonlinear optical susceptibilities in Si/SiO2 parabolic quantum dots,” Chin. J. Nucl. Phys. 43, 932–941 (2005).

2004 (3)

T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsong, “Role of free carriers from two-photon absorption in Raman amplification in silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2745–2747 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P.-Ch. Ku, F. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, Sh.-W. Chang, and Sh.-L. Chuang, “Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2291–2293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Soljačić and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Enhancement of nonlinear effects using photonic crystals,” Nat. Mater. 3, 211–219 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. L. Kien, and K. Hakuta, “Slow light produced by stimulated Raman scattering in solid hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 031801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 meters per second in an ultacold atomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, “Electrooptical effects in silicon,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123–129 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

Adachi, J.

J. Adachi, N. Ishikura, H. Sasaki, and T. Baba, “Wide range tuning of slow light pulse in SOI photonic crystal coupled waveguide via folded chirping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 192–199 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba, T. Kawasaki, H. Sasaki, J. Adachi, and D. Mori, “Large delay-bandwidth product and tuning of slow light pulse in photonic crystal coupled waveguide,” Opt. Express 16, 9245–9253 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Akosman, A. E.

Andreani, L. C.

Asghari, M.

H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

J. Adachi, N. Ishikura, H. Sasaki, and T. Baba, “Wide range tuning of slow light pulse in SOI photonic crystal coupled waveguide via folded chirping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 192–199 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba, T. Kawasaki, H. Sasaki, J. Adachi, and D. Mori, “Large delay-bandwidth product and tuning of slow light pulse in photonic crystal coupled waveguide,” Opt. Express 16, 9245–9253 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Kawasaki, D. Mori, and T. Baba, “Experimental observation of slow light in photonic crystal coupled waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 10274–10281 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba and D. Mori, “Slow light engineering in photonic crystals,” J. Phys. D 40, 2659–2665 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Beggs, D. M.

S. A. schulz, L. O’Faolain, D. M. Beggs, T. P. White, A. Melloni, and T. F. Krauss, “Dispersion engineered slow light in photonic crystals: a comparison,” J. Opt. 12, 104004 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Behroozi, C. H.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 meters per second in an ultacold atomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, B. R.

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, “Electrooptical effects in silicon,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123–129 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bermel, P.

P. Bermel, A. Rodrigues, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopolous, and M. Soljačić, “Single-photon all-optical switching using waveguide-cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 043818 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bigelow, M. S.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Zh. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Blown, P.

P. Blown, C. Fisher, F. J. Lawrence, N. Gutman, and C. M. de Sterke, “Semi-analytic method for slow light photonic crystal waveguide design,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. 10, 478–484 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Zh. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cassan, E.

Chang, Sh.-W.

Chang-Hasnain, C.

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Chen, H.

H. Chen, J. He, Y. Jin, and Z. Hong, “Slow light in a dielectric slab waveguide with a negative refractive index photonic crystal substrate,” Opt. Commun. 282, 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

D. Wang, J. Zhang, L. Yuan, J. Lei, S. Chen, J. Han, and S. Hou, “Slow light engineering in polyatomic photonic crystal waveguides based on square lattice,” Opt. Commun. 284, 5829–5832 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, Sh. L.

Chuang, Sh.-L.

Cincotti, G.

M. S. Moreolo, V. Morra, and G. Cincotti, “Design of photonic crystal delay lines based on enhanced coupled-cavity waveguides,” J. Opt. A 10, 064002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Corcoran, B.

Dahan, D.

Dawes, A. M. C.

Day, I. E.

H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
[CrossRef]

De La Rue, R.

de Sterke, C. M.

P. Blown, C. Fisher, F. J. Lawrence, N. Gutman, and C. M. de Sterke, “Semi-analytic method for slow light photonic crystal waveguide design,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. 10, 478–484 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Drake, J.

H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, Z.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 meters per second in an ultacold atomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ebnali-Heidari, M.

Eggleton, B. J.

Eisenstein, G.

Fisher, C.

P. Blown, C. Fisher, F. J. Lawrence, N. Gutman, and C. M. de Sterke, “Semi-analytic method for slow light photonic crystal waveguide design,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. 10, 478–484 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Zh. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gao, D.

J. Hou, D. Gao, H. Wu, R. Hao, and Z. Zhou, “Flat band slow light in symmetric line defect photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1571–1573 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gaoand, D.

Gauthier, D. J.

Zh. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, L. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, “Broadband SBS slow light in an optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 201–206 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Zh. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ghafoori-Fard, H.

H. Habibiyan, H. Ghafoori-Fard, and A. Rostami, “Tunable all-optical photonic crystal channel drop filter for DWDM systems,” J. Opt. A 11, 065102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gomez-Iglesias, A.

Grgíc, J.

S. Raza, J. Grgíc, S. Xiao, and N. Mortensen, “Coupled-resonator optical waveguides: Q-factor influence on slow-light propagation and the maximal group delay,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 5, 10009 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grillet, C.

Guo, K. X.

K. X. Guo and Y. B. Yu, “Nonlinear optical susceptibilities in Si/SiO2 parabolic quantum dots,” Chin. J. Nucl. Phys. 43, 932–941 (2005).

Guo, X.

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J. Hou, D. Gao, H. Wu, R. Hao, and Z. Zhou, “Flat band slow light in symmetric line defect photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1571–1573 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
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L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 meters per second in an ultacold atomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 meters per second in an ultacold atomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999).
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H. Chen, J. He, Y. Jin, and Z. Hong, “Slow light in a dielectric slab waveguide with a negative refractive index photonic crystal substrate,” Opt. Commun. 282, 653–656 (2009).
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Hong, Z.

H. Chen, J. He, Y. Jin, and Z. Hong, “Slow light in a dielectric slab waveguide with a negative refractive index photonic crystal substrate,” Opt. Commun. 282, 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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J. Hou, D. Gao, H. Wu, R. Hao, and Z. Zhou, “Flat band slow light in symmetric line defect photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1571–1573 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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D. Wang, J. Zhang, L. Yuan, J. Lei, S. Chen, J. Han, and S. Hou, “Slow light engineering in polyatomic photonic crystal waveguides based on square lattice,” Opt. Commun. 284, 5829–5832 (2011).
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Ishikura, N.

J. Adachi, N. Ishikura, H. Sasaki, and T. Baba, “Wide range tuning of slow light pulse in SOI photonic crystal coupled waveguide via folded chirping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 192–199 (2010).
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H. Tian, F. Long, W. Liu, and Y. Ji, “Tunable slow light and buffer capability in photonic crystal coupled-cavity waveguides based on electro-optic effect,” Opt. Commun. 285, 2760–2764 (2012).
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Lee, C. P.

Lei, J.

D. Wang, J. Zhang, L. Yuan, J. Lei, S. Chen, J. Han, and S. Hou, “Slow light engineering in polyatomic photonic crystal waveguides based on square lattice,” Opt. Commun. 284, 5829–5832 (2011).
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T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsong, “Role of free carriers from two-photon absorption in Raman amplification in silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2745–2747 (2004).
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H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
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H. Tian, F. Long, W. Liu, and Y. Ji, “Tunable slow light and buffer capability in photonic crystal coupled-cavity waveguides based on electro-optic effect,” Opt. Commun. 285, 2760–2764 (2012).
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D. Wang, Z. Yu, Y. Liu, X. Guo, and S. Zhou, “Optimization of a two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide for ultraslow light propagation,” J. Opt. 14, 125101 (2012).
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H. Tian, F. Long, W. Liu, and Y. Ji, “Tunable slow light and buffer capability in photonic crystal coupled-cavity waveguides based on electro-optic effect,” Opt. Commun. 285, 2760–2764 (2012).
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H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
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P. Bermel, A. Rodrigues, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopolous, and M. Soljačić, “Single-photon all-optical switching using waveguide-cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 043818 (2006).
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H. Habibiyan, H. Ghafoori-Fard, and A. Rostami, “Tunable all-optical photonic crystal channel drop filter for DWDM systems,” J. Opt. A 11, 065102 (2009).
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Sasaki, H.

J. Adachi, N. Ishikura, H. Sasaki, and T. Baba, “Wide range tuning of slow light pulse in SOI photonic crystal coupled waveguide via folded chirping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 192–199 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba, T. Kawasaki, H. Sasaki, J. Adachi, and D. Mori, “Large delay-bandwidth product and tuning of slow light pulse in photonic crystal coupled waveguide,” Opt. Express 16, 9245–9253 (2008).
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S. A. schulz, L. O’Faolain, D. M. Beggs, T. P. White, A. Melloni, and T. F. Krauss, “Dispersion engineered slow light in photonic crystals: a comparison,” J. Opt. 12, 104004 (2010).
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Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Zh. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
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Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Zh. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
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T. C. Liau, J. Q. Shen, J. J. Wu, and T. J. Yang, “EIT based photonic logic gate,” U.S. Patent SpecificationUS20130016411 A1 (January17, 2013).

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Soljacic, M.

P. Bermel, A. Rodrigues, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopolous, and M. Soljačić, “Single-photon all-optical switching using waveguide-cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 043818 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Soljačić and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Enhancement of nonlinear effects using photonic crystals,” Nat. Mater. 3, 211–219 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Soljačić, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. V. Hau, “Using electromagnetically induced transparency in photonic crystal cavities to obtain large non-linear effects,” U.S. Patent SpecificationUS20040175087 A1 (September9, 2004).

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H. Tian, F. Long, W. Liu, and Y. Ji, “Tunable slow light and buffer capability in photonic crystal coupled-cavity waveguides based on electro-optic effect,” Opt. Commun. 285, 2760–2764 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhai, H. Tian, and Y. Ji, “Slow light property improvement and optical buffer capability in ring-shape-hole photonic crystal waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 3083–3090 (2011).
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H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
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T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsong, “Role of free carriers from two-photon absorption in Raman amplification in silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2745–2747 (2004).
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Üstün, K.

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I. Novikova, R. L. Walsworth, and Y. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-based slow and stored light in warm atoms,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 333–353 (2012).
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D. Wang, Z. Yu, Y. Liu, X. Guo, and S. Zhou, “Optimization of a two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide for ultraslow light propagation,” J. Opt. 14, 125101 (2012).
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D. Wang, J. Zhang, L. Yuan, J. Lei, S. Chen, J. Han, and S. Hou, “Slow light engineering in polyatomic photonic crystal waveguides based on square lattice,” Opt. Commun. 284, 5829–5832 (2011).
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H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
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Wu, H.

J. Hou, D. Gao, H. Wu, R. Hao, and Z. Zhou, “Flat band slow light in symmetric line defect photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1571–1573 (2009).
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T. C. Liau, J. Q. Shen, J. J. Wu, and T. J. Yang, “EIT based photonic logic gate,” U.S. Patent SpecificationUS20130016411 A1 (January17, 2013).

Xiang, L.

Xiao, S.

S. Raza, J. Grgíc, S. Xiao, and N. Mortensen, “Coupled-resonator optical waveguides: Q-factor influence on slow-light propagation and the maximal group delay,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 5, 10009 (2010).
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I. Novikova, R. L. Walsworth, and Y. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-based slow and stored light in warm atoms,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 333–353 (2012).
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T. C. Liau, J. Q. Shen, J. J. Wu, and T. J. Yang, “EIT based photonic logic gate,” U.S. Patent SpecificationUS20130016411 A1 (January17, 2013).

Yarrison-Rice, J. M.

Yu, Y. B.

K. X. Guo and Y. B. Yu, “Nonlinear optical susceptibilities in Si/SiO2 parabolic quantum dots,” Chin. J. Nucl. Phys. 43, 932–941 (2005).

Yu, Z.

D. Wang, Z. Yu, Y. Liu, X. Guo, and S. Zhou, “Optimization of a two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide for ultraslow light propagation,” J. Opt. 14, 125101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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D. Wang, J. Zhang, L. Yuan, J. Lei, S. Chen, J. Han, and S. Hou, “Slow light engineering in polyatomic photonic crystal waveguides based on square lattice,” Opt. Commun. 284, 5829–5832 (2011).
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D. Wang, J. Zhang, L. Yuan, J. Lei, S. Chen, J. Han, and S. Hou, “Slow light engineering in polyatomic photonic crystal waveguides based on square lattice,” Opt. Commun. 284, 5829–5832 (2011).
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D. Wang, Z. Yu, Y. Liu, X. Guo, and S. Zhou, “Optimization of a two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide for ultraslow light propagation,” J. Opt. 14, 125101 (2012).
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M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics, 1st ed. (Cambridge, 1997).

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsong, “Role of free carriers from two-photon absorption in Raman amplification in silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2745–2747 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chin. J. Nucl. Phys. (1)

K. X. Guo and Y. B. Yu, “Nonlinear optical susceptibilities in Si/SiO2 parabolic quantum dots,” Chin. J. Nucl. Phys. 43, 932–941 (2005).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, “Electrooptical effects in silicon,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123–129 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Adachi, N. Ishikura, H. Sasaki, and T. Baba, “Wide range tuning of slow light pulse in SOI photonic crystal coupled waveguide via folded chirping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 192–199 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Hou, D. Gao, H. Wu, R. Hao, and Z. Zhou, “Flat band slow light in symmetric line defect photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1571–1573 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Eur. Opt. Soc. (1)

S. Raza, J. Grgíc, S. Xiao, and N. Mortensen, “Coupled-resonator optical waveguides: Q-factor influence on slow-light propagation and the maximal group delay,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 5, 10009 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

J. Opt. (2)

S. A. schulz, L. O’Faolain, D. M. Beggs, T. P. White, A. Melloni, and T. F. Krauss, “Dispersion engineered slow light in photonic crystals: a comparison,” J. Opt. 12, 104004 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Wang, Z. Yu, Y. Liu, X. Guo, and S. Zhou, “Optimization of a two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide for ultraslow light propagation,” J. Opt. 14, 125101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (2)

H. Habibiyan, H. Ghafoori-Fard, and A. Rostami, “Tunable all-optical photonic crystal channel drop filter for DWDM systems,” J. Opt. A 11, 065102 (2009).
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M. S. Moreolo, V. Morra, and G. Cincotti, “Design of photonic crystal delay lines based on enhanced coupled-cavity waveguides,” J. Opt. A 10, 064002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. D (1)

T. Baba and D. Mori, “Slow light engineering in photonic crystals,” J. Phys. D 40, 2659–2665 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

I. Novikova, R. L. Walsworth, and Y. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-based slow and stored light in warm atoms,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 333–353 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

M. Soljačić and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Enhancement of nonlinear effects using photonic crystals,” Nat. Mater. 3, 211–219 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 meters per second in an ultacold atomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

H. Chen, J. He, Y. Jin, and Z. Hong, “Slow light in a dielectric slab waveguide with a negative refractive index photonic crystal substrate,” Opt. Commun. 282, 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Wang, J. Zhang, L. Yuan, J. Lei, S. Chen, J. Han, and S. Hou, “Slow light engineering in polyatomic photonic crystal waveguides based on square lattice,” Opt. Commun. 284, 5829–5832 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Tian, F. Long, W. Liu, and Y. Ji, “Tunable slow light and buffer capability in photonic crystal coupled-cavity waveguides based on electro-optic effect,” Opt. Commun. 285, 2760–2764 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (12)

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D. O’Brien, M. D. Settle, T. Karle, A. Michaeli, M. Salib, and T. F. Krauss, “Coupled photonic crystal heterostructure nanocavities,” Opt. Express 15, 1228–1233 (2007).
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S. C. Huang, M. Kato, E. Kuramochi, C. P. Lee, and M. Notomi, “Time-domain and spectral-domain investigation of inflection-point slow-light modes in photonic crystal coupled waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 3543–3549 (2007).
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T. Kawasaki, D. Mori, and T. Baba, “Experimental observation of slow light in photonic crystal coupled waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 10274–10281 (2007).
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J. Li, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, and T. F. Krauss, “Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 16, 6227–6232 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba, T. Kawasaki, H. Sasaki, J. Adachi, and D. Mori, “Large delay-bandwidth product and tuning of slow light pulse in photonic crystal coupled waveguide,” Opt. Express 16, 9245–9253 (2008).
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T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, J. Li, L. C. Andreani, and T. F. Krauss, “Silica-embedded silicon photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 16, 17076–17081 (2008).
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M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, C. Monat, and B. J. Eggleton, “Dispersion engineering of slow light photonic crystal waveguides using microfluidic infiltration,” Opt. Express 17, 1628–1635 (2009).
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C. Monat, B. Corcoran, M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Slow light enhancement of nonlinear effects in silicon engineered photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 17, 2944–2953 (2009).
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