Abstract

Water vapor existing inside internal end-face gaps of optical components of an optical fiber H2O sensing system makes it possible to influence the measurement accuracy and stability. The influence principle has been briefly analyzed based on the structure of three main optical components: a distributed feedback laser diode (DFB-LD), a collimator, and a photoelectric diode (PD). With application of a differential technique, the influence of water vapor inside the DFB-LD can be removed. With reasonable recombination of the collimator and the PD in a dual-beam detection system, the influence of water vapor inside the collimator and the PD’s end-face gaps has been suppressed from more than 1.57×103 to as low as 2.175×105 in absorbance. After H2O isolation processing water vapor inside the end-face gaps of the DFB-LD, the collimator, and the PD can be utilized as a reference to design a simple but feasible H2O sensor. As a result, good linearity with an R2 of 0.9964 has been realized in a concentration range of 39–2110 ppm during an application test, and a long-term test of the designed H2O sensor against the S8000 with a difference of 10 ppm has been achieved.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G. D. Peng, “Investigation into time response of polymer fiber Bragg grating based humidity sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1090–1096 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Chang, G. P. Lv, G. Q. Zhou, K. Chen, Y. Zhang, Z. L. Wang, S. C. Zhang, Q. Wang, and F. J. Song, “Application of wavelength scanning for measuring water vapour concentration by distributed laser diode,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812004 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Goldmeer and D. J. Kane, “Real-time 2-D imaging of water vapor in diffusion flames,” in Laser Applications to Chemical and Environmental Analysis, T. Li, ed., vol. 36 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper SuA3.
  4. R. Fenner and E. Zdankiewicz, “Micromachined water vapor sensors: a review of sensing technologies,” IEEE Sens. J. 1, 309–317 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Q. Wang, J. Chang, C. G. Zhu, Y. N. Liu, G. P. Lv, F. P. Wang, X. Z. Liu, and Z. L. Wang, “High-sensitive measurement of water vapor: shot-noise level performance via a noise canceller,” Appl. Opt. 52, 1094–1099 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Zhang, Q. Wang, Y. Zhang, F. Song, K. Chen, G. Chou, J. Chang, P. Wang, D. Kong, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Liu, and H. Song, “Water vapor detection system based on scanning spectra,” Photon. Sens. 2, 71–76 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Q. Wang, J. Chang, C.-G. Zhu, C. Li, F.-J. Song, Y.-N. Liu, and X.-Z. Liu, “Detection of water vapor concentration based on differential value of two adjacent absorption peaks,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 421–425 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. Liu, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, “Measurements of spectral parameters of water-vapour transitions near 1388 and 1345 nm for accurate simulation of high-pressure absorption spectra.” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 1185–1194 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. W. Morrison and O. Taweechokesupsin, “Calculation of gas spectra for quantitative Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy of chemical vapor deposition,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 145, 3212–3219 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Suparno, K. Deurloo, P. Stamatelopolous, R. Srivastva, and J. C. Thomas, “Light scattering with single-mode fiber collimators,” Appl. Opt. 33, 7200–7205 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Wang, Q. Wang, J. Chang, X. Zhang, S. Zhang, and J. Ni, “Measurement technique for methane concentration by wavelength scanning of a distributed-feedback laser,” Laser Phys. 18, 491–494 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Hunsmann, K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, high resolution water transpiration rate measurements on single plant leaves via tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) at 1.37 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 393–401 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M.-K. Oh, Y.-H. Lee, S.-C. Choi, D.-K. Ko, and J.-M. Lee, “Detection of methane and ethane by continuous-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy near 1.67 μm,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 1–6 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. C. D. Hobbs, “Shot noise optical measurement at baseband with noisy lasers,” Proc. SPIE 1376, 216–221 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. L. Haller and P. C. D. Hobbs, “Double beam laser absorption spectroscopy: shot noise-limited performance at baseband with a novel electronic noise canceller,” Proc. SPIE 1435, 298–309 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. G. Allen, K. L. Carleton, S. J. Davis, W. J. Kessler, C. E. Otis, D. A. Palombo, and D. M. Sonnenfroh, “Ultrasensitive dual-beam absorption and gain spectroscopy: applications for near-infrared and visible diode laser sensors,” Appl. Opt. 34, 3240–3249 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. M. Sonnenfroh and M. G. Allen, “Ultrasensitive, visible tunable diode laser detection of NO2,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4053–4058 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  19. MIL-STD-883E, Department of Defense Test Methods Standard: Microcircuits, Test Standards (31 December 1996).
  20. W. Wu and Y. Cai, “Level and problem of internal water vapor content in sealed device,” Elec. Prod. Reliability Environ. Testing 5, 17–21 (2000).
  21. W. Suqin, R. Yu, and D. Tian, “The research and design of polarization-maintaining dual fiber collimator,” J. Optoelectron. Laser 13, 916–919 (2002).
  22. D. Marcuse and H. M. Presby, “Automatic geometric measurements of single-mode and multimode optical fibers,” Appl. Opt. 18, 402–408 (1979).
    [CrossRef]

2013

2012

W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G. D. Peng, “Investigation into time response of polymer fiber Bragg grating based humidity sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1090–1096 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, Q. Wang, Y. Zhang, F. Song, K. Chen, G. Chou, J. Chang, P. Wang, D. Kong, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Liu, and H. Song, “Water vapor detection system based on scanning spectra,” Photon. Sens. 2, 71–76 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, J. Chang, C.-G. Zhu, C. Li, F.-J. Song, Y.-N. Liu, and X.-Z. Liu, “Detection of water vapor concentration based on differential value of two adjacent absorption peaks,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 421–425 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

J. Chang, G. P. Lv, G. Q. Zhou, K. Chen, Y. Zhang, Z. L. Wang, S. C. Zhang, Q. Wang, and F. J. Song, “Application of wavelength scanning for measuring water vapour concentration by distributed laser diode,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812004 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

H. Wang, Q. Wang, J. Chang, X. Zhang, S. Zhang, and J. Ni, “Measurement technique for methane concentration by wavelength scanning of a distributed-feedback laser,” Laser Phys. 18, 491–494 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Hunsmann, K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, high resolution water transpiration rate measurements on single plant leaves via tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) at 1.37 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 393–401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M.-K. Oh, Y.-H. Lee, S.-C. Choi, D.-K. Ko, and J.-M. Lee, “Detection of methane and ethane by continuous-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy near 1.67 μm,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 1–6 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

X. Liu, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, “Measurements of spectral parameters of water-vapour transitions near 1388 and 1345 nm for accurate simulation of high-pressure absorption spectra.” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 1185–1194 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2002

W. Suqin, R. Yu, and D. Tian, “The research and design of polarization-maintaining dual fiber collimator,” J. Optoelectron. Laser 13, 916–919 (2002).

2001

R. Fenner and E. Zdankiewicz, “Micromachined water vapor sensors: a review of sensing technologies,” IEEE Sens. J. 1, 309–317 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

W. Wu and Y. Cai, “Level and problem of internal water vapor content in sealed device,” Elec. Prod. Reliability Environ. Testing 5, 17–21 (2000).

1998

P. W. Morrison and O. Taweechokesupsin, “Calculation of gas spectra for quantitative Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy of chemical vapor deposition,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 145, 3212–3219 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

1994

1991

K. L. Haller and P. C. D. Hobbs, “Double beam laser absorption spectroscopy: shot noise-limited performance at baseband with a novel electronic noise canceller,” Proc. SPIE 1435, 298–309 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

P. C. D. Hobbs, “Shot noise optical measurement at baseband with noisy lasers,” Proc. SPIE 1376, 216–221 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1979

Allen, M. G.

Barbe, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Benner, D. C.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bernath, P. F.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Birk, M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boudon, V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brown, L. R.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cai, Y.

W. Wu and Y. Cai, “Level and problem of internal water vapor content in sealed device,” Elec. Prod. Reliability Environ. Testing 5, 17–21 (2000).

Campargue, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Carleton, K. L.

Champion, J.-P.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chang, J.

Q. Wang, J. Chang, C. G. Zhu, Y. N. Liu, G. P. Lv, F. P. Wang, X. Z. Liu, and Z. L. Wang, “High-sensitive measurement of water vapor: shot-noise level performance via a noise canceller,” Appl. Opt. 52, 1094–1099 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, Q. Wang, Y. Zhang, F. Song, K. Chen, G. Chou, J. Chang, P. Wang, D. Kong, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Liu, and H. Song, “Water vapor detection system based on scanning spectra,” Photon. Sens. 2, 71–76 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, J. Chang, C.-G. Zhu, C. Li, F.-J. Song, Y.-N. Liu, and X.-Z. Liu, “Detection of water vapor concentration based on differential value of two adjacent absorption peaks,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 421–425 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Chang, G. P. Lv, G. Q. Zhou, K. Chen, Y. Zhang, Z. L. Wang, S. C. Zhang, Q. Wang, and F. J. Song, “Application of wavelength scanning for measuring water vapour concentration by distributed laser diode,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812004 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, Q. Wang, J. Chang, X. Zhang, S. Zhang, and J. Ni, “Measurement technique for methane concentration by wavelength scanning of a distributed-feedback laser,” Laser Phys. 18, 491–494 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K.

S. Zhang, Q. Wang, Y. Zhang, F. Song, K. Chen, G. Chou, J. Chang, P. Wang, D. Kong, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Liu, and H. Song, “Water vapor detection system based on scanning spectra,” Photon. Sens. 2, 71–76 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Chang, G. P. Lv, G. Q. Zhou, K. Chen, Y. Zhang, Z. L. Wang, S. C. Zhang, Q. Wang, and F. J. Song, “Application of wavelength scanning for measuring water vapour concentration by distributed laser diode,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812004 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S.-C.

Chou, G.

S. Zhang, Q. Wang, Y. Zhang, F. Song, K. Chen, G. Chou, J. Chang, P. Wang, D. Kong, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Liu, and H. Song, “Water vapor detection system based on scanning spectra,” Photon. Sens. 2, 71–76 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Coudert, L. H.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dana, V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Davis, S. J.

Deurloo, K.

Devi, V. M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ebert, V.

S. Hunsmann, K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, high resolution water transpiration rate measurements on single plant leaves via tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) at 1.37 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 393–401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fally, S.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fenner, R.

R. Fenner and E. Zdankiewicz, “Micromachined water vapor sensors: a review of sensing technologies,” IEEE Sens. J. 1, 309–317 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Flaud, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gamache, R. R.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Goldman, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Goldmeer, J.

J. Goldmeer and D. J. Kane, “Real-time 2-D imaging of water vapor in diffusion flames,” in Laser Applications to Chemical and Environmental Analysis, T. Li, ed., vol. 36 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper SuA3.

Gordon, I. E.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Haller, K. L.

K. L. Haller and P. C. D. Hobbs, “Double beam laser absorption spectroscopy: shot noise-limited performance at baseband with a novel electronic noise canceller,” Proc. SPIE 1435, 298–309 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hanson, R. K.

X. Liu, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, “Measurements of spectral parameters of water-vapour transitions near 1388 and 1345 nm for accurate simulation of high-pressure absorption spectra.” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 1185–1194 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hobbs, P. C. D.

K. L. Haller and P. C. D. Hobbs, “Double beam laser absorption spectroscopy: shot noise-limited performance at baseband with a novel electronic noise canceller,” Proc. SPIE 1435, 298–309 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. C. D. Hobbs, “Shot noise optical measurement at baseband with noisy lasers,” Proc. SPIE 1376, 216–221 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hunsmann, S.

S. Hunsmann, K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, high resolution water transpiration rate measurements on single plant leaves via tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) at 1.37 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 393–401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jacquemart, D.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jeffries, J. B.

X. Liu, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, “Measurements of spectral parameters of water-vapour transitions near 1388 and 1345 nm for accurate simulation of high-pressure absorption spectra.” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 1185–1194 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kane, D. J.

J. Goldmeer and D. J. Kane, “Real-time 2-D imaging of water vapor in diffusion flames,” in Laser Applications to Chemical and Environmental Analysis, T. Li, ed., vol. 36 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper SuA3.

Kessler, W. J.

Kleiner, I.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ko, D.-K.

Kong, D.

S. Zhang, Q. Wang, Y. Zhang, F. Song, K. Chen, G. Chou, J. Chang, P. Wang, D. Kong, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Liu, and H. Song, “Water vapor detection system based on scanning spectra,” Photon. Sens. 2, 71–76 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lacome, N.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lafferty, W. J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.-M.

Lee, Y.-H.

Li, C.

Q. Wang, J. Chang, C.-G. Zhu, C. Li, F.-J. Song, Y.-N. Liu, and X.-Z. Liu, “Detection of water vapor concentration based on differential value of two adjacent absorption peaks,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 421–425 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, “Measurements of spectral parameters of water-vapour transitions near 1388 and 1345 nm for accurate simulation of high-pressure absorption spectra.” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 1185–1194 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. Z.

Liu, X.-Z.

Q. Wang, J. Chang, C.-G. Zhu, C. Li, F.-J. Song, Y.-N. Liu, and X.-Z. Liu, “Detection of water vapor concentration based on differential value of two adjacent absorption peaks,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 421–425 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

S. Zhang, Q. Wang, Y. Zhang, F. Song, K. Chen, G. Chou, J. Chang, P. Wang, D. Kong, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Liu, and H. Song, “Water vapor detection system based on scanning spectra,” Photon. Sens. 2, 71–76 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. N.

Liu, Y.-N.

Q. Wang, J. Chang, C.-G. Zhu, C. Li, F.-J. Song, Y.-N. Liu, and X.-Z. Liu, “Detection of water vapor concentration based on differential value of two adjacent absorption peaks,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 421–425 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lv, G. P.

Q. Wang, J. Chang, C. G. Zhu, Y. N. Liu, G. P. Lv, F. P. Wang, X. Z. Liu, and Z. L. Wang, “High-sensitive measurement of water vapor: shot-noise level performance via a noise canceller,” Appl. Opt. 52, 1094–1099 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Chang, G. P. Lv, G. Q. Zhou, K. Chen, Y. Zhang, Z. L. Wang, S. C. Zhang, Q. Wang, and F. J. Song, “Application of wavelength scanning for measuring water vapour concentration by distributed laser diode,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812004 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mandin, J.-Y.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marcuse, D.

Massie, S. T.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailenko, S. N.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Miller, C. E.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Moazzen-Ahmadi, N.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Morrison, P. W.

P. W. Morrison and O. Taweechokesupsin, “Calculation of gas spectra for quantitative Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy of chemical vapor deposition,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 145, 3212–3219 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Naumenko, O. V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ni, J.

H. Wang, Q. Wang, J. Chang, X. Zhang, S. Zhang, and J. Ni, “Measurement technique for methane concentration by wavelength scanning of a distributed-feedback laser,” Laser Phys. 18, 491–494 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nikitin, A. V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Oh, M.-K.

Orphal, J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Otis, C. E.

Palombo, D. A.

Peng, G. D.

Perevalov, V. I.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Predoi-Cross, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Presby, H. M.

Rascher, U.

S. Hunsmann, K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, high resolution water transpiration rate measurements on single plant leaves via tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) at 1.37 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 393–401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rinsland, C. P.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rotger, M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rothman, L. S.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schurr, U.

S. Hunsmann, K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, high resolution water transpiration rate measurements on single plant leaves via tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) at 1.37 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 393–401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Šimecková, M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. A. H.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Song, F.

S. Zhang, Q. Wang, Y. Zhang, F. Song, K. Chen, G. Chou, J. Chang, P. Wang, D. Kong, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Liu, and H. Song, “Water vapor detection system based on scanning spectra,” Photon. Sens. 2, 71–76 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Song, F. J.

J. Chang, G. P. Lv, G. Q. Zhou, K. Chen, Y. Zhang, Z. L. Wang, S. C. Zhang, Q. Wang, and F. J. Song, “Application of wavelength scanning for measuring water vapour concentration by distributed laser diode,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812004 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Song, F.-J.

Q. Wang, J. Chang, C.-G. Zhu, C. Li, F.-J. Song, Y.-N. Liu, and X.-Z. Liu, “Detection of water vapor concentration based on differential value of two adjacent absorption peaks,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 421–425 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Song, H.

S. Zhang, Q. Wang, Y. Zhang, F. Song, K. Chen, G. Chou, J. Chang, P. Wang, D. Kong, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Liu, and H. Song, “Water vapor detection system based on scanning spectra,” Photon. Sens. 2, 71–76 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sonnenfroh, D. M.

Srivastva, R.

Stamatelopolous, P.

Sung, K.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suparno, S.

Suqin, W.

W. Suqin, R. Yu, and D. Tian, “The research and design of polarization-maintaining dual fiber collimator,” J. Optoelectron. Laser 13, 916–919 (2002).

Tashkun, S. A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Taweechokesupsin, O.

P. W. Morrison and O. Taweechokesupsin, “Calculation of gas spectra for quantitative Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy of chemical vapor deposition,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 145, 3212–3219 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tennyson, J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, J. C.

Tian, D.

W. Suqin, R. Yu, and D. Tian, “The research and design of polarization-maintaining dual fiber collimator,” J. Optoelectron. Laser 13, 916–919 (2002).

Toth, R. A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vandaele, A. C.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vander Auwer, J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, S.

S. Hunsmann, K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, high resolution water transpiration rate measurements on single plant leaves via tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) at 1.37 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 393–401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F. P.

Wang, H.

H. Wang, Q. Wang, J. Chang, X. Zhang, S. Zhang, and J. Ni, “Measurement technique for methane concentration by wavelength scanning of a distributed-feedback laser,” Laser Phys. 18, 491–494 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

S. Zhang, Q. Wang, Y. Zhang, F. Song, K. Chen, G. Chou, J. Chang, P. Wang, D. Kong, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Liu, and H. Song, “Water vapor detection system based on scanning spectra,” Photon. Sens. 2, 71–76 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, J. Chang, C. G. Zhu, Y. N. Liu, G. P. Lv, F. P. Wang, X. Z. Liu, and Z. L. Wang, “High-sensitive measurement of water vapor: shot-noise level performance via a noise canceller,” Appl. Opt. 52, 1094–1099 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, Q. Wang, Y. Zhang, F. Song, K. Chen, G. Chou, J. Chang, P. Wang, D. Kong, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Liu, and H. Song, “Water vapor detection system based on scanning spectra,” Photon. Sens. 2, 71–76 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, J. Chang, C.-G. Zhu, C. Li, F.-J. Song, Y.-N. Liu, and X.-Z. Liu, “Detection of water vapor concentration based on differential value of two adjacent absorption peaks,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 421–425 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Chang, G. P. Lv, G. Q. Zhou, K. Chen, Y. Zhang, Z. L. Wang, S. C. Zhang, Q. Wang, and F. J. Song, “Application of wavelength scanning for measuring water vapour concentration by distributed laser diode,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812004 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, Q. Wang, J. Chang, X. Zhang, S. Zhang, and J. Ni, “Measurement technique for methane concentration by wavelength scanning of a distributed-feedback laser,” Laser Phys. 18, 491–494 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

S. Zhang, Q. Wang, Y. Zhang, F. Song, K. Chen, G. Chou, J. Chang, P. Wang, D. Kong, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Liu, and H. Song, “Water vapor detection system based on scanning spectra,” Photon. Sens. 2, 71–76 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

S. Zhang, Q. Wang, Y. Zhang, F. Song, K. Chen, G. Chou, J. Chang, P. Wang, D. Kong, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Liu, and H. Song, “Water vapor detection system based on scanning spectra,” Photon. Sens. 2, 71–76 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. L.

Q. Wang, J. Chang, C. G. Zhu, Y. N. Liu, G. P. Lv, F. P. Wang, X. Z. Liu, and Z. L. Wang, “High-sensitive measurement of water vapor: shot-noise level performance via a noise canceller,” Appl. Opt. 52, 1094–1099 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Chang, G. P. Lv, G. Q. Zhou, K. Chen, Y. Zhang, Z. L. Wang, S. C. Zhang, Q. Wang, and F. J. Song, “Application of wavelength scanning for measuring water vapour concentration by distributed laser diode,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812004 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Webb, D. J.

Wu, W.

W. Wu and Y. Cai, “Level and problem of internal water vapor content in sealed device,” Elec. Prod. Reliability Environ. Testing 5, 17–21 (2000).

Wunderle, K.

S. Hunsmann, K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, high resolution water transpiration rate measurements on single plant leaves via tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) at 1.37 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 393–401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, R.

W. Suqin, R. Yu, and D. Tian, “The research and design of polarization-maintaining dual fiber collimator,” J. Optoelectron. Laser 13, 916–919 (2002).

Zdankiewicz, E.

R. Fenner and E. Zdankiewicz, “Micromachined water vapor sensors: a review of sensing technologies,” IEEE Sens. J. 1, 309–317 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, Q. Wang, Y. Zhang, F. Song, K. Chen, G. Chou, J. Chang, P. Wang, D. Kong, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Liu, and H. Song, “Water vapor detection system based on scanning spectra,” Photon. Sens. 2, 71–76 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, Q. Wang, J. Chang, X. Zhang, S. Zhang, and J. Ni, “Measurement technique for methane concentration by wavelength scanning of a distributed-feedback laser,” Laser Phys. 18, 491–494 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. C.

J. Chang, G. P. Lv, G. Q. Zhou, K. Chen, Y. Zhang, Z. L. Wang, S. C. Zhang, Q. Wang, and F. J. Song, “Application of wavelength scanning for measuring water vapour concentration by distributed laser diode,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812004 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X.

H. Wang, Q. Wang, J. Chang, X. Zhang, S. Zhang, and J. Ni, “Measurement technique for methane concentration by wavelength scanning of a distributed-feedback laser,” Laser Phys. 18, 491–494 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

S. Zhang, Q. Wang, Y. Zhang, F. Song, K. Chen, G. Chou, J. Chang, P. Wang, D. Kong, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Liu, and H. Song, “Water vapor detection system based on scanning spectra,” Photon. Sens. 2, 71–76 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Chang, G. P. Lv, G. Q. Zhou, K. Chen, Y. Zhang, Z. L. Wang, S. C. Zhang, Q. Wang, and F. J. Song, “Application of wavelength scanning for measuring water vapour concentration by distributed laser diode,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812004 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, G. Q.

J. Chang, G. P. Lv, G. Q. Zhou, K. Chen, Y. Zhang, Z. L. Wang, S. C. Zhang, Q. Wang, and F. J. Song, “Application of wavelength scanning for measuring water vapour concentration by distributed laser diode,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812004 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C. G.

Zhu, C.-G.

Q. Wang, J. Chang, C.-G. Zhu, C. Li, F.-J. Song, Y.-N. Liu, and X.-Z. Liu, “Detection of water vapor concentration based on differential value of two adjacent absorption peaks,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 421–425 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

S. Hunsmann, K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, high resolution water transpiration rate measurements on single plant leaves via tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) at 1.37 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 393–401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Elec. Prod. Reliability Environ. Testing

W. Wu and Y. Cai, “Level and problem of internal water vapor content in sealed device,” Elec. Prod. Reliability Environ. Testing 5, 17–21 (2000).

IEEE Sens. J.

R. Fenner and E. Zdankiewicz, “Micromachined water vapor sensors: a review of sensing technologies,” IEEE Sens. J. 1, 309–317 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Electrochem. Soc.

P. W. Morrison and O. Taweechokesupsin, “Calculation of gas spectra for quantitative Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy of chemical vapor deposition,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 145, 3212–3219 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Korea

J. Optoelectron. Laser

W. Suqin, R. Yu, and D. Tian, “The research and design of polarization-maintaining dual fiber collimator,” J. Optoelectron. Laser 13, 916–919 (2002).

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šiměcková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwer, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys.

H. Wang, Q. Wang, J. Chang, X. Zhang, S. Zhang, and J. Ni, “Measurement technique for methane concentration by wavelength scanning of a distributed-feedback laser,” Laser Phys. 18, 491–494 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

Q. Wang, J. Chang, C.-G. Zhu, C. Li, F.-J. Song, Y.-N. Liu, and X.-Z. Liu, “Detection of water vapor concentration based on differential value of two adjacent absorption peaks,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 421–425 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol.

X. Liu, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, “Measurements of spectral parameters of water-vapour transitions near 1388 and 1345 nm for accurate simulation of high-pressure absorption spectra.” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 1185–1194 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Photon. Sens.

S. Zhang, Q. Wang, Y. Zhang, F. Song, K. Chen, G. Chou, J. Chang, P. Wang, D. Kong, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Liu, and H. Song, “Water vapor detection system based on scanning spectra,” Photon. Sens. 2, 71–76 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

J. Chang, G. P. Lv, G. Q. Zhou, K. Chen, Y. Zhang, Z. L. Wang, S. C. Zhang, Q. Wang, and F. J. Song, “Application of wavelength scanning for measuring water vapour concentration by distributed laser diode,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812004 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. C. D. Hobbs, “Shot noise optical measurement at baseband with noisy lasers,” Proc. SPIE 1376, 216–221 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Haller and P. C. D. Hobbs, “Double beam laser absorption spectroscopy: shot noise-limited performance at baseband with a novel electronic noise canceller,” Proc. SPIE 1435, 298–309 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other

MIL-STD-883E, Department of Defense Test Methods Standard: Microcircuits, Test Standards (31 December 1996).

J. Goldmeer and D. J. Kane, “Real-time 2-D imaging of water vapor in diffusion flames,” in Laser Applications to Chemical and Environmental Analysis, T. Li, ed., vol. 36 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper SuA3.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Observation of water vapor inside DFB-LD and PD at 1368.597 nm. (a) Simple schematic. (b) Detected absorption spectrum.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Butterfly-type packaging of DFB-LD.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Common packages for PD and collimator. (a) Example of coaxial-type packaging for PDs. (b) Example of transmission-type packaging for collimators.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Schematic of optical fiber H2O sensing system.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Recorded absorption spectrum for five PDs.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Measured relationships between absorbance and water vapor concentration over the range of 16–333 ppm. (a) Measured result on the condition that PD No. 0 is used for the reference beam and PD No. 1 is used for the signal beam. (b) Measured result after recombination of PD and collimator.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Schematic of a simple optical fiber H2O sensor based on water vapor inside optical components.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Application test for the designed optical fiber H2O sensor. (a) Linearity test ranging from 39 to 2110 ppm. (b) Long-term comparison test of the designed H2O sensor against the S8000.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

It=I0·exp(α(ν)CL),
α(ν)=S(T)g(ν)P/kT,
C=ln(I0It)·kTS(T)g(ν)PL.
It=I0exp(α(ν)CL)×exp[α(ν)(CLDLLD+CPDLPD+CCoLCo+)],
V=Gln(IrefIsig1),
V=Gln{BI0exp[α(ν)(CLDLLD+CPDbLPDb)]I0exp[α(ν)CL]×exp[α(ν)(CLDLLD+CCoLCo+CPDaLPDa)]1}=Gln{Bexp[α(ν)CL]×exp[α(ν)(CPDbLPDbCCoLCoCPDaLPDa)]1}.

Metrics