Abstract

We have experimentally demonstrated a periodically poled magnesium-oxide-doped lithium niobate (PPMgLN)-based, fiber-laser-pumped optical parametric oscillator (OPO) generating idler wavelength of 3.82 μm. The pump fiber laser was constructed with a linearly polarized, semi-fiber-coupled acousto-optic Q-switched fiber oscillator and a polarization-maintaining fiber amplifier with pulse duration of 190 ns at the highest output power. The OPO was specifically configured in single-pass, singly resonant linear cavity structure to avoid the damage risk of the pump fiber laser, which is always a serious issue in the fiber-laser-pumped, double-pass, singly oscillating structured OPOs. Under the highest pump power of 25 W, an idler average output power of 3.27 W with one-hour peak-to-peak instability of 5.2% was obtained. The measured M2 factors were 1.98 and 1.44 for horizontal and vertical axis, respectively. The high power stability and good beam quality demonstrated the suitability of such technology for practical application.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013

Q. Liu, L. Wang, H. Chen, P. Yan, and M. Gong, “High repetition rate, 4 μm mid-infrared generation with periodically poled magnesium-oxide-doped lithium niobate based optical parametric oscillator pumped by fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6, 052704 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

2011

S. C. Kumar, R. Das, G. K. Samanta, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Optimally-output-coupled, 17.5 W, fiber-laser-pumped continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 31–35 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

Y. Shen, S. U. Alam, K. K. Chen, D. Lin, S. Cai, B. Wu, P. Jiang, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, “PPMgLN-based high-power optical parametric oscillator pumped by Yb3+-doped fiber amplifier incorporates active pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 385–392 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Lamour, L. Kornaszewski, J. H. Sun, and D. T. Reid, “Yb:fiber-laser-pumped high-energy picosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 17, 14229–14234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

A. Shirakawa, M. Kamijo, J. Ota, and K. Ueda, “Characteristics of linearly polarized Yb-doped fiber laser in an all-fiber configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1664–1666 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004

H. H. P. Th. Bekman, J. C. van den Heuvel, F. J. M. van Putten, and H. M. A. Schleijpen, “Development of a mid-infrared laser for study of infrared countermeasures techniques,” Proc. SPIE 5615, 27–38 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1999

1996

Alam, S. U.

Arie, A.

Bekman, H. H. P. Th.

H. H. P. Th. Bekman, J. C. van den Heuvel, F. J. M. van Putten, and H. M. A. Schleijpen, “Development of a mid-infrared laser for study of infrared countermeasures techniques,” Proc. SPIE 5615, 27–38 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, M. S.

Burns, W. K.

Cai, S.

Y. Shen, S. U. Alam, K. K. Chen, D. Lin, S. Cai, B. Wu, P. Jiang, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, “PPMgLN-based high-power optical parametric oscillator pumped by Yb3+-doped fiber amplifier incorporates active pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 385–392 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Q. Liu, L. Wang, H. Chen, P. Yan, and M. Gong, “High repetition rate, 4 μm mid-infrared generation with periodically poled magnesium-oxide-doped lithium niobate based optical parametric oscillator pumped by fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6, 052704 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

Chen, K. K.

Y. Shen, S. U. Alam, K. K. Chen, D. Lin, S. Cai, B. Wu, P. Jiang, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, “PPMgLN-based high-power optical parametric oscillator pumped by Yb3+-doped fiber amplifier incorporates active pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 385–392 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T.

Clarkson, W. A.

Curl, R. F.

Das, R.

S. C. Kumar, R. Das, G. K. Samanta, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Optimally-output-coupled, 17.5 W, fiber-laser-pumped continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 31–35 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Devi, K.

Dong, J.

Du, S.

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

Esteban-Martin, A.

Feng, Y.

Gawith, C. B. E.

Gayer, O.

Gehr, R. J.

Goldberg, L.

Gong, M.

Q. Liu, L. Wang, H. Chen, P. Yan, and M. Gong, “High repetition rate, 4 μm mid-infrared generation with periodically poled magnesium-oxide-doped lithium niobate based optical parametric oscillator pumped by fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6, 052704 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gu, X.

Hanna, D. C.

Hu, J.

Jiang, P.

T. Chen, K. Wei, P. Jiang, B. Wu, and Y. Shen, “High-power multichannel PPMgLN-based optical parametric oscillator pumped by a master oscillation power amplification-structured Q-switched fiber laser,” Appl. Opt. 51, 6881–6885 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, S. U. Alam, K. K. Chen, D. Lin, S. Cai, B. Wu, P. Jiang, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, “PPMgLN-based high-power optical parametric oscillator pumped by Yb3+-doped fiber amplifier incorporates active pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 385–392 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kamijo, M.

A. Shirakawa, M. Kamijo, J. Ota, and K. Ueda, “Characteristics of linearly polarized Yb-doped fiber laser in an all-fiber configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1664–1666 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kienle, F.

Kokabee, O.

Kong, J.

Kornaszewski, L.

Kumar, S. C.

K. Devi, S. C. Kumar, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “High-power, continuous-wave, single-frequency, all-periodically-poled, near-infrared source,” Opt. Lett. 37, 5049–5051 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Kumar, R. Das, G. K. Samanta, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Optimally-output-coupled, 17.5 W, fiber-laser-pumped continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 31–35 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lamour, T. P.

Lin, D.

D. Lin, S. U. Alam, Y. Shen, T. Chen, B. Wu, and D. J. Richardson, “Large aperture PPMgLN based high-power optical parametric oscillator at 3.8 μm pumped by a nanosecond linearly polarized fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 20, 15008–15014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, S. U. Alam, K. K. Chen, D. Lin, S. Cai, B. Wu, P. Jiang, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, “PPMgLN-based high-power optical parametric oscillator pumped by Yb3+-doped fiber amplifier incorporates active pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 385–392 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Q.

Q. Liu, L. Wang, H. Chen, P. Yan, and M. Gong, “High repetition rate, 4 μm mid-infrared generation with periodically poled magnesium-oxide-doped lithium niobate based optical parametric oscillator pumped by fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6, 052704 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Lou, Q.

Malinowski, A.

Y. Shen, S. U. Alam, K. K. Chen, D. Lin, S. Cai, B. Wu, P. Jiang, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, “PPMgLN-based high-power optical parametric oscillator pumped by Yb3+-doped fiber amplifier incorporates active pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 385–392 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Ota, J.

A. Shirakawa, M. Kamijo, J. Ota, and K. Ueda, “Characteristics of linearly polarized Yb-doped fiber laser in an all-fiber configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1664–1666 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, K. P.

Reid, D. T.

Richardson, D. J.

Sacks, Z.

Samanta, G. K.

S. C. Kumar, R. Das, G. K. Samanta, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Optimally-output-coupled, 17.5 W, fiber-laser-pumped continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 31–35 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schleijpen, H. M. A.

H. H. P. Th. Bekman, J. C. van den Heuvel, F. J. M. van Putten, and H. M. A. Schleijpen, “Development of a mid-infrared laser for study of infrared countermeasures techniques,” Proc. SPIE 5615, 27–38 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

Shepherd, D. P.

Shirakawa, A.

A. Shirakawa, M. Kamijo, J. Ota, and K. Ueda, “Characteristics of linearly polarized Yb-doped fiber laser in an all-fiber configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1664–1666 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. V.

Su, Z.

Sun, J. H.

Tal, E.

Teh, P. S.

Tittel, F. K.

Ueda, K.

A. Shirakawa, M. Kamijo, J. Ota, and K. Ueda, “Characteristics of linearly polarized Yb-doped fiber laser in an all-fiber configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1664–1666 (2007).
[CrossRef]

van den Heuvel, J. C.

H. H. P. Th. Bekman, J. C. van den Heuvel, F. J. M. van Putten, and H. M. A. Schleijpen, “Development of a mid-infrared laser for study of infrared countermeasures techniques,” Proc. SPIE 5615, 27–38 (2004).
[CrossRef]

van Putten, F. J. M.

H. H. P. Th. Bekman, J. C. van den Heuvel, F. J. M. van Putten, and H. M. A. Schleijpen, “Development of a mid-infrared laser for study of infrared countermeasures techniques,” Proc. SPIE 5615, 27–38 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wang, L.

Q. Liu, L. Wang, H. Chen, P. Yan, and M. Gong, “High repetition rate, 4 μm mid-infrared generation with periodically poled magnesium-oxide-doped lithium niobate based optical parametric oscillator pumped by fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6, 052704 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

Wei, K.

Wei, Y.

Wu, B.

Yan, P.

Q. Liu, L. Wang, H. Chen, P. Yan, and M. Gong, “High repetition rate, 4 μm mid-infrared generation with periodically poled magnesium-oxide-doped lithium niobate based optical parametric oscillator pumped by fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6, 052704 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, Z.

Zhang, L.

Zhou, J.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

S. C. Kumar, R. Das, G. K. Samanta, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Optimally-output-coupled, 17.5 W, fiber-laser-pumped continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 31–35 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express

Q. Liu, L. Wang, H. Chen, P. Yan, and M. Gong, “High repetition rate, 4 μm mid-infrared generation with periodically poled magnesium-oxide-doped lithium niobate based optical parametric oscillator pumped by fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6, 052704 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

Y. Shen, S. U. Alam, K. K. Chen, D. Lin, S. Cai, B. Wu, P. Jiang, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, “PPMgLN-based high-power optical parametric oscillator pumped by Yb3+-doped fiber amplifier incorporates active pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 385–392 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. Shirakawa, M. Kamijo, J. Ota, and K. Ueda, “Characteristics of linearly polarized Yb-doped fiber laser in an all-fiber configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1664–1666 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

H. H. P. Th. Bekman, J. C. van den Heuvel, F. J. M. van Putten, and H. M. A. Schleijpen, “Development of a mid-infrared laser for study of infrared countermeasures techniques,” Proc. SPIE 5615, 27–38 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the Yb-doped PM fiber laser seed; the inset showed the assembly parts of a PM semi-fiber-coupled AO modulator.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic diagram of the MOPA structured PM fiber laser and SPSR OPO.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Calculated relations between the OPO conversion efficiencies and the signal reflectivities of the output coupler under different pump pulse durations.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output power dependence of the PM fiber amplifier on the pump power. Insets showed the spectrum and pulse shapes before and after amplification.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

OPO idler output power and pump-to-idler conversion efficiencies as a function of pump power. Inset showed the measured pump, signal, and residual pump pulse shapes at the highest idler output power.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Recorded idler power stability over one hour. Inset showed the wavelengths of the signal and the idler.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Measured beam diameters of the idler at different positions and calculated M2 factors for the idler at the highest output power.

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