The process of depositing nanoparticles onto tapered fiber probes with the laser-induced chemical deposition method (LICDM) and the surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) detection performance of the prepared probes are experimentally investigated in this paper. Our results show that the nanoparticle-deposited tapered fiber probes prepared with the LICDM method depend strongly on the value of the cone angle. For small-angle tapered probes the nanoparticle-deposited areas are only focused at the taper tips, because the taper surfaces are mainly covered by a relatively low-intensity evanescent field. By lengthening the reaction time or increasing the induced power or solution concentration, it is still possible to deposit nanoparticles on small-angle tapers with the light-scattering effect. With 4-aminothiophenol as the testing molecule, it was found that for given preparation conditions, the cone angles for the tapered probes with the highest SERS spectral intensities for different excitation laser powers are almost the same. However, such an optimal cone angle is determined by the combined effects of both the localized surface plasmon resonance strength and the transmission loss generated by the nanoparticles deposited.
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