Abstract

The 3D display based on a parallax barrier is a low-cost autostereoscopic display. However, the vertical and horizontal resolution of the 3D images displayed on it will be seriously nonuniform as this display has a large number of views. It will worsen the display quality; therefore, a 3D display that consists of a 2D display panel and dual parallax barriers is proposed. With a 2D display panel, the proposed 3D display provides the synthetic images with square pixel units in which the arrangement of pixels can make the 3D image have uniform resolution. With the dual parallax barriers, the proposed 3D display shows the pixels in square pixel units for different horizontal views. Therefore, this display has uniform resolution of 3D images. A four-view prototype of the proposed 3D display is developed, and it provides uniform 3D resolution in the vertical and horizontal directions.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. A. Dodgson, “Autostereoscopic 3D displays,” Computer 38, 31–36 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Kawai, “3D display and applications,” Displays 23, 49–56 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).
  4. D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495, 348–351 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Dominguez-Montes, “Double active parallax barrier for viewing stereoscopic images,” European patentEP 1462841 (29September2004).
  6. H. Lee and E. D. Lee, “Dual layer parallax barrier-based 3D display device and method,” U.S. patent20,120,320,171 (20December2012).
  7. L. Qi, Q. H. Wang, J. Y. Luo, A. H. Wang, and D. Liang, “Autostereoscopic 3D projection display based on two lenticular sheets,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 011101 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).
  9. Q. H. Wang, Y. H. Tao, W. X. Zhao, and D. H. Li, “A full resolution autostereoscopic 3D display based on polarizer parallax barrier,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 373–374 (2010).
  10. K. Sakamoto, R. Kimura, and M. Takaki, “Parallax polarizer barrier stereoscopic 3D display systems,” in Proceedings of the 2005 International Conference on Active Media Technology, 2005, p. 469.
  11. N. A. Dodgson, J. R. Moore, and S. R. Lang, “Multi-view autostereoscopic 3D display, ” in IBC ‘99 (International Broadcasting Convention, 1999), pp. 497–502.
  12. Q. H. Wang, 3D Display Technology and Device (Science, 2011).
  13. W. X. Zhao, Q. H. Wang, and D. H. Li, “Pixel arrangement of autostereoscopic liquid crystal displays based on parallax barrier,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 507, 67–72 (2009).

2013 (1)

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495, 348–351 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

L. Qi, Q. H. Wang, J. Y. Luo, A. H. Wang, and D. Liang, “Autostereoscopic 3D projection display based on two lenticular sheets,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 011101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).

2010 (1)

Q. H. Wang, Y. H. Tao, W. X. Zhao, and D. H. Li, “A full resolution autostereoscopic 3D display based on polarizer parallax barrier,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 373–374 (2010).

2009 (1)

W. X. Zhao, Q. H. Wang, and D. H. Li, “Pixel arrangement of autostereoscopic liquid crystal displays based on parallax barrier,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 507, 67–72 (2009).

2005 (1)

N. A. Dodgson, “Autostereoscopic 3D displays,” Computer 38, 31–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

T. Kawai, “3D display and applications,” Displays 23, 49–56 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Beausoleil, R. G.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495, 348–351 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Brug, J.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495, 348–351 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Char, K.

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).

Choi, S. J.

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).

Dodgson, N. A.

N. A. Dodgson, “Autostereoscopic 3D displays,” Computer 38, 31–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Dodgson, J. R. Moore, and S. R. Lang, “Multi-view autostereoscopic 3D display, ” in IBC ‘99 (International Broadcasting Convention, 1999), pp. 497–502.

Dominguez-Montes, J.

J. Dominguez-Montes, “Double active parallax barrier for viewing stereoscopic images,” European patentEP 1462841 (29September2004).

Fattal, D.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495, 348–351 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fiorentino, M.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495, 348–351 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hong, J.

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

Hong, K.

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

Jung, J. H.

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

Kang, D. S.

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).

Kawai, T.

T. Kawai, “3D display and applications,” Displays 23, 49–56 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

Kimura, R.

K. Sakamoto, R. Kimura, and M. Takaki, “Parallax polarizer barrier stereoscopic 3D display systems,” in Proceedings of the 2005 International Conference on Active Media Technology, 2005, p. 469.

Lang, S. R.

N. A. Dodgson, J. R. Moore, and S. R. Lang, “Multi-view autostereoscopic 3D display, ” in IBC ‘99 (International Broadcasting Convention, 1999), pp. 497–502.

Lee, B.

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

Lee, E. D.

H. Lee and E. D. Lee, “Dual layer parallax barrier-based 3D display device and method,” U.S. patent20,120,320,171 (20December2012).

Lee, H.

H. Lee and E. D. Lee, “Dual layer parallax barrier-based 3D display device and method,” U.S. patent20,120,320,171 (20December2012).

Lee, H. H.

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).

Lee, Y. W.

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

Li, D. H.

Q. H. Wang, Y. H. Tao, W. X. Zhao, and D. H. Li, “A full resolution autostereoscopic 3D display based on polarizer parallax barrier,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 373–374 (2010).

W. X. Zhao, Q. H. Wang, and D. H. Li, “Pixel arrangement of autostereoscopic liquid crystal displays based on parallax barrier,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 507, 67–72 (2009).

Liang, D.

Luo, J. Y.

Moore, J. R.

N. A. Dodgson, J. R. Moore, and S. R. Lang, “Multi-view autostereoscopic 3D display, ” in IBC ‘99 (International Broadcasting Convention, 1999), pp. 497–502.

Oh, S. G.

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).

Park, J. H.

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

Park, J. M.

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).

Peng, Z.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495, 348–351 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Qi, L.

Sakamoto, K.

K. Sakamoto, R. Kimura, and M. Takaki, “Parallax polarizer barrier stereoscopic 3D display systems,” in Proceedings of the 2005 International Conference on Active Media Technology, 2005, p. 469.

Suh, K. Y.

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).

Takaki, M.

K. Sakamoto, R. Kimura, and M. Takaki, “Parallax polarizer barrier stereoscopic 3D display systems,” in Proceedings of the 2005 International Conference on Active Media Technology, 2005, p. 469.

Tao, Y. H.

Q. H. Wang, Y. H. Tao, W. X. Zhao, and D. H. Li, “A full resolution autostereoscopic 3D display based on polarizer parallax barrier,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 373–374 (2010).

Tran, T.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495, 348–351 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Vo, S.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495, 348–351 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, A. H.

Wang, Q. H.

L. Qi, Q. H. Wang, J. Y. Luo, A. H. Wang, and D. Liang, “Autostereoscopic 3D projection display based on two lenticular sheets,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 011101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. H. Wang, Y. H. Tao, W. X. Zhao, and D. H. Li, “A full resolution autostereoscopic 3D display based on polarizer parallax barrier,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 373–374 (2010).

W. X. Zhao, Q. H. Wang, and D. H. Li, “Pixel arrangement of autostereoscopic liquid crystal displays based on parallax barrier,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 507, 67–72 (2009).

Q. H. Wang, 3D Display Technology and Device (Science, 2011).

Yeom, J.

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

Yoon, H.

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).

Zhao, W. X.

Q. H. Wang, Y. H. Tao, W. X. Zhao, and D. H. Li, “A full resolution autostereoscopic 3D display based on polarizer parallax barrier,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 373–374 (2010).

W. X. Zhao, Q. H. Wang, and D. H. Li, “Pixel arrangement of autostereoscopic liquid crystal displays based on parallax barrier,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 507, 67–72 (2009).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

Q. H. Wang, Y. H. Tao, W. X. Zhao, and D. H. Li, “A full resolution autostereoscopic 3D display based on polarizer parallax barrier,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 373–374 (2010).

L. Qi, Q. H. Wang, J. Y. Luo, A. H. Wang, and D. Liang, “Autostereoscopic 3D projection display based on two lenticular sheets,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 011101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Computer (1)

N. A. Dodgson, “Autostereoscopic 3D displays,” Computer 38, 31–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Displays (1)

T. Kawai, “3D display and applications,” Displays 23, 49–56 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

W. X. Zhao, Q. H. Wang, and D. H. Li, “Pixel arrangement of autostereoscopic liquid crystal displays based on parallax barrier,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 507, 67–72 (2009).

Nat. Commun. (1)

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).

Nature (1)

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495, 348–351 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

Other (5)

J. Dominguez-Montes, “Double active parallax barrier for viewing stereoscopic images,” European patentEP 1462841 (29September2004).

H. Lee and E. D. Lee, “Dual layer parallax barrier-based 3D display device and method,” U.S. patent20,120,320,171 (20December2012).

K. Sakamoto, R. Kimura, and M. Takaki, “Parallax polarizer barrier stereoscopic 3D display systems,” in Proceedings of the 2005 International Conference on Active Media Technology, 2005, p. 469.

N. A. Dodgson, J. R. Moore, and S. R. Lang, “Multi-view autostereoscopic 3D display, ” in IBC ‘99 (International Broadcasting Convention, 1999), pp. 497–502.

Q. H. Wang, 3D Display Technology and Device (Science, 2011).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

3D display based on dual parallax barriers. (a) Display structure. (b) The pixels arrangement in the 2D display panel.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Dual parallax barriers in the proposed display. (a) Parallax barrier I. (b) Parallax barrier II.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Principle of the dual-parallax-barrier-based 3D display.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Pictures shot at the optimal viewing distance for the proposed 3D display.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Brightness distribution of a single parallax image in the proposed 3D display. (a) Brightness distribution obtained while only parallax barrier I was working. (b) Brightness distribution obtained while dual parallax barriers were working.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Cross talk distribution of the proposed 3D display.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Comparison of display quality between the proposed 3D display and the conventional one. (a) Image with uniform resolution. (b) Image with nonuniform resolution.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Parameters of the Proposed 3D Display

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

l1l3=d3d1d3,
l2l3=d3d2d3,
l3E=d1d3d1,
3l32E=d2d3d2.

Metrics