Abstract

Tm3+/Tb3+/Eu3+ tri-doped phosphate glasses are synthesized to explore new white-light-emitting materials. Under 365 nm excitation, the CIE coordinates (x=0.339, y=0.341) of the Eu0.07 glass sample are close to the standard equal energy white-light illumination (x=0.333, y=0.333). The quantum efficiency is very high (72.27%). The energy transition from Tb3+ to Eu3+ is reasonably interpreted based on the analysis of the luminescence lifetimes. To enhance the white-light emission, Tm3+/Tb3+/Eu3+ tri-doped phosphate glass ceramics are prepared.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Jiang and W. B. Xu, “Theoretical model of Yb3+-Er3+-Tm3+-codoped system for white light generation,” J. Display Technol. 5, 312–318 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. B. Xu and C. Jiang, “Modeling of tunable luminescence in multiple rare earth co-doped glasses,” J. Display Technol. 6, 298–305 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Jiang and W. B. Xu, “Modeling multiple rare earth-doped system for white light generation,” J. Display Technol. 5, 431–437 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. C. Lin, Y. S. Tang, S. F. Hu, and R. S. Liu, “KBaPO4:Ln (Ln=Eu, Tb, Sm) phosphors for UV excitable white light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 129, 1682–1684 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. X. G. Zhang and M. L. Gong, “Eu2+-doped halo-phosphate/borate phosphors for color temperature tunable near UV-based white light-emitting diodes,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 124, 1243–1247 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ba2Ca(B3O6):Eu2+, Mn2+: a potential tunable blue–white–red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Phys. B 405, 891–895 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Narukawa, I. Niki, K. Izuno, M. Yamada, Y. Murazki, and T. Mukai, “Phosphor-conversion white light emitting diode using InGaN near-ultraviolet chip,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 371–373 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Z. J. Chao, C. Parent, G. L. Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “White light emitting glasses,” J. Solid State Chem. 93, 17–29 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Lin, S. Tanabe, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, K. Liu, W. H. Wong, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Infrequent blue and green emission transitions from Eu3+ in heavy metal tellurite glasses with low phonon energy,” Phys. Lett. A 358, 474–477 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Liu, G. Zhao, H. Ying, J. Wang, and G. Han, “Eu/Dy ions co-doped white light luminescence zinc–aluminoborosilicate glasses for white LED,” Opt. Materials 31, 47–50 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Lakshminarayana, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “White light emission from Tm3+/Dy3+ co-doped oxyfluoride germanate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 182, 669–676 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. E. Lopez, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, V. Lavin, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankarm, and L. R. Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 013516 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Q. Luo, X. Qiao, X. Fan, H. Yang, X. Zhang, S. Cui, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Luminescence behavior of Ce3+ and Dy3+ codoped oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramics containing LaF3 nanocrystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 043506 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Zheng and A. G. Clare, “Rare earth doped glasses for conversion of near ultraviolet light to white light,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 46, 467–471 (2005).
  15. D. Chen, Y. Wang, K. Zheng, T. Guo, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, “Bright upconversion white light emission in transparent glass ceramic embedding Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+:β-YF3 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251903 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, E. B. da Costa, and V. B. do Nascimento, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091114 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “White light upconversion emissions from Tm3++Ho3++Yb3+ codoped tellurite and germanate glasses on excitation with 798 nm radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 113107 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. Tu, Y. J. Liang, R. Liu, and D. Y. Li, “Eu/Tb ions co-doped white light luminescence Y2O3 phosphors,” J. Lumin. 131, 2569–2573 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  19. X. M. Zhang, W. L. Li, and H. J. Seo, “Luminescence and energy transfer in Eu2+, Mn2+ co-doped Li4SrCa(SiO4)2 for white light-emitting-diodes,” Phys. Lett. A 373, 3486–3489 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. Sokolnicki, “Rare earths (Ce, Eu, Tb) doped Y2Si2O7 phosphors for white LED,” J. Lumin. 134, 600–606 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  21. R. Mart, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, C. Falcony, and U. Caldino, “White light generation through the zinc metaphosphate glass activated by Ce3+, Tb3+ and Mn2+ ions,” J. Lumin. 129, 1276–1280 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  22. S. Das, A. A. Reddy, S. S. Babu, and G. V. Prakash, “Controllable white light emission from Dy3+-Eu3+ co-doped KCaBO3 phosphor,” J. Mater. Sci. 46, 7770–7775 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  23. R. G. Ye, S. Q. Xu, D. G. Deng, Y. J. Hua, H. P. Wang, C. X. Li, S. L. Zhao, and L. H. Huang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu2+/Mn2+ co-doped SiO2-Al2O3-ZnO-K2O glass ceramics for white LEDs,” J. Lumin. 130, 2385–2389 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  24. G. Zhu, Y. H. Wang, Z. P. Ci, B. T. Liu, Y. R. Shi, and S. Y. Xin, “Ca8Mg(SiO4)(4)Cl-2:Ce3+, Tb3+: a potential single-phased phosphor for white-light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 132, 531–536 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

J. Sokolnicki, “Rare earths (Ce, Eu, Tb) doped Y2Si2O7 phosphors for white LED,” J. Lumin. 134, 600–606 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

G. Zhu, Y. H. Wang, Z. P. Ci, B. T. Liu, Y. R. Shi, and S. Y. Xin, “Ca8Mg(SiO4)(4)Cl-2:Ce3+, Tb3+: a potential single-phased phosphor for white-light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 132, 531–536 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

S. Das, A. A. Reddy, S. S. Babu, and G. V. Prakash, “Controllable white light emission from Dy3+-Eu3+ co-doped KCaBO3 phosphor,” J. Mater. Sci. 46, 7770–7775 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Tu, Y. J. Liang, R. Liu, and D. Y. Li, “Eu/Tb ions co-doped white light luminescence Y2O3 phosphors,” J. Lumin. 131, 2569–2573 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

X. G. Zhang and M. L. Gong, “Eu2+-doped halo-phosphate/borate phosphors for color temperature tunable near UV-based white light-emitting diodes,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 124, 1243–1247 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ba2Ca(B3O6):Eu2+, Mn2+: a potential tunable blue–white–red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Phys. B 405, 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Ye, S. Q. Xu, D. G. Deng, Y. J. Hua, H. P. Wang, C. X. Li, S. L. Zhao, and L. H. Huang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu2+/Mn2+ co-doped SiO2-Al2O3-ZnO-K2O glass ceramics for white LEDs,” J. Lumin. 130, 2385–2389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. B. Xu and C. Jiang, “Modeling of tunable luminescence in multiple rare earth co-doped glasses,” J. Display Technol. 6, 298–305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (8)

C. Jiang and W. B. Xu, “Theoretical model of Yb3+-Er3+-Tm3+-codoped system for white light generation,” J. Display Technol. 5, 312–318 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Jiang and W. B. Xu, “Modeling multiple rare earth-doped system for white light generation,” J. Display Technol. 5, 431–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Mart, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, C. Falcony, and U. Caldino, “White light generation through the zinc metaphosphate glass activated by Ce3+, Tb3+ and Mn2+ ions,” J. Lumin. 129, 1276–1280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Lakshminarayana, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “White light emission from Tm3+/Dy3+ co-doped oxyfluoride germanate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 182, 669–676 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. E. Lopez, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, V. Lavin, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankarm, and L. R. Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Luo, X. Qiao, X. Fan, H. Yang, X. Zhang, S. Cui, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Luminescence behavior of Ce3+ and Dy3+ codoped oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramics containing LaF3 nanocrystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 043506 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Zhang, W. L. Li, and H. J. Seo, “Luminescence and energy transfer in Eu2+, Mn2+ co-doped Li4SrCa(SiO4)2 for white light-emitting-diodes,” Phys. Lett. A 373, 3486–3489 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Lin, Y. S. Tang, S. F. Hu, and R. S. Liu, “KBaPO4:Ln (Ln=Eu, Tb, Sm) phosphors for UV excitable white light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 129, 1682–1684 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

S. Liu, G. Zhao, H. Ying, J. Wang, and G. Han, “Eu/Dy ions co-doped white light luminescence zinc–aluminoborosilicate glasses for white LED,” Opt. Materials 31, 47–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “White light upconversion emissions from Tm3++Ho3++Yb3+ codoped tellurite and germanate glasses on excitation with 798 nm radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 113107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

D. Chen, Y. Wang, K. Zheng, T. Guo, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, “Bright upconversion white light emission in transparent glass ceramic embedding Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+:β-YF3 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, E. B. da Costa, and V. B. do Nascimento, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

H. Lin, S. Tanabe, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, K. Liu, W. H. Wong, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Infrequent blue and green emission transitions from Eu3+ in heavy metal tellurite glasses with low phonon energy,” Phys. Lett. A 358, 474–477 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Y. Zheng and A. G. Clare, “Rare earth doped glasses for conversion of near ultraviolet light to white light,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 46, 467–471 (2005).

2002 (1)

Y. Narukawa, I. Niki, K. Izuno, M. Yamada, Y. Murazki, and T. Mukai, “Phosphor-conversion white light emitting diode using InGaN near-ultraviolet chip,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 371–373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Z. J. Chao, C. Parent, G. L. Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “White light emitting glasses,” J. Solid State Chem. 93, 17–29 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Babu, P.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. E. Lopez, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, V. Lavin, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankarm, and L. R. Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Babu, S. S.

S. Das, A. A. Reddy, S. S. Babu, and G. V. Prakash, “Controllable white light emission from Dy3+-Eu3+ co-doped KCaBO3 phosphor,” J. Mater. Sci. 46, 7770–7775 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bettinelli, M.

R. Mart, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, C. Falcony, and U. Caldino, “White light generation through the zinc metaphosphate glass activated by Ce3+, Tb3+ and Mn2+ ions,” J. Lumin. 129, 1276–1280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bueno, L. A.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, E. B. da Costa, and V. B. do Nascimento, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Caldino, U.

R. Mart, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, C. Falcony, and U. Caldino, “White light generation through the zinc metaphosphate glass activated by Ce3+, Tb3+ and Mn2+ ions,” J. Lumin. 129, 1276–1280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chao, Z. J.

Z. J. Chao, C. Parent, G. L. Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “White light emitting glasses,” J. Solid State Chem. 93, 17–29 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, K. Zheng, T. Guo, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, “Bright upconversion white light emission in transparent glass ceramic embedding Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+:β-YF3 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ci, Z. P.

G. Zhu, Y. H. Wang, Z. P. Ci, B. T. Liu, Y. R. Shi, and S. Y. Xin, “Ca8Mg(SiO4)(4)Cl-2:Ce3+, Tb3+: a potential single-phased phosphor for white-light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 132, 531–536 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Clare, A. G.

Y. Zheng and A. G. Clare, “Rare earth doped glasses for conversion of near ultraviolet light to white light,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 46, 467–471 (2005).

Cui, S.

Q. Luo, X. Qiao, X. Fan, H. Yang, X. Zhang, S. Cui, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Luminescence behavior of Ce3+ and Dy3+ codoped oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramics containing LaF3 nanocrystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 043506 (2009).
[CrossRef]

da Costa, E. B.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, E. B. da Costa, and V. B. do Nascimento, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

da Silva, E. A.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, E. B. da Costa, and V. B. do Nascimento, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Das, S.

S. Das, A. A. Reddy, S. S. Babu, and G. V. Prakash, “Controllable white light emission from Dy3+-Eu3+ co-doped KCaBO3 phosphor,” J. Mater. Sci. 46, 7770–7775 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Deng, D. G.

R. G. Ye, S. Q. Xu, D. G. Deng, Y. J. Hua, H. P. Wang, C. X. Li, S. L. Zhao, and L. H. Huang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu2+/Mn2+ co-doped SiO2-Al2O3-ZnO-K2O glass ceramics for white LEDs,” J. Lumin. 130, 2385–2389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

do Nascimento, R. F.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, E. B. da Costa, and V. B. do Nascimento, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

do Nascimento, V. B.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, E. B. da Costa, and V. B. do Nascimento, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Falcony, C.

R. Mart, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, C. Falcony, and U. Caldino, “White light generation through the zinc metaphosphate glass activated by Ce3+, Tb3+ and Mn2+ ions,” J. Lumin. 129, 1276–1280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fan, X.

Q. Luo, X. Qiao, X. Fan, H. Yang, X. Zhang, S. Cui, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Luminescence behavior of Ce3+ and Dy3+ codoped oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramics containing LaF3 nanocrystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 043506 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Flem, G. L.

Z. J. Chao, C. Parent, G. L. Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “White light emitting glasses,” J. Solid State Chem. 93, 17–29 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Giri, N. K.

N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “White light upconversion emissions from Tm3++Ho3++Yb3+ codoped tellurite and germanate glasses on excitation with 798 nm radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 113107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gong, M. L.

X. G. Zhang and M. L. Gong, “Eu2+-doped halo-phosphate/borate phosphors for color temperature tunable near UV-based white light-emitting diodes,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 124, 1243–1247 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gouveia-Neto, A. S.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, E. B. da Costa, and V. B. do Nascimento, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guo, T.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, K. Zheng, T. Guo, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, “Bright upconversion white light emission in transparent glass ceramic embedding Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+:β-YF3 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hagenmuller, P.

Z. J. Chao, C. Parent, G. L. Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “White light emitting glasses,” J. Solid State Chem. 93, 17–29 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Han, G.

S. Liu, G. Zhao, H. Ying, J. Wang, and G. Han, “Eu/Dy ions co-doped white light luminescence zinc–aluminoborosilicate glasses for white LED,” Opt. Materials 31, 47–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hu, S. F.

C. C. Lin, Y. S. Tang, S. F. Hu, and R. S. Liu, “KBaPO4:Ln (Ln=Eu, Tb, Sm) phosphors for UV excitable white light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 129, 1682–1684 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hua, Y. J.

R. G. Ye, S. Q. Xu, D. G. Deng, Y. J. Hua, H. P. Wang, C. X. Li, S. L. Zhao, and L. H. Huang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu2+/Mn2+ co-doped SiO2-Al2O3-ZnO-K2O glass ceramics for white LEDs,” J. Lumin. 130, 2385–2389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L. H.

R. G. Ye, S. Q. Xu, D. G. Deng, Y. J. Hua, H. P. Wang, C. X. Li, S. L. Zhao, and L. H. Huang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu2+/Mn2+ co-doped SiO2-Al2O3-ZnO-K2O glass ceramics for white LEDs,” J. Lumin. 130, 2385–2389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, P.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, K. Zheng, T. Guo, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, “Bright upconversion white light emission in transparent glass ceramic embedding Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+:β-YF3 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Izuno, K.

Y. Narukawa, I. Niki, K. Izuno, M. Yamada, Y. Murazki, and T. Mukai, “Phosphor-conversion white light emitting diode using InGaN near-ultraviolet chip,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 371–373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jang, K. H.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. E. Lopez, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, V. Lavin, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankarm, and L. R. Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jayasankarm, C. K.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. E. Lopez, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, V. Lavin, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankarm, and L. R. Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, C.

Kim, E. S.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. E. Lopez, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, V. Lavin, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankarm, and L. R. Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lakshminarayana, G.

G. Lakshminarayana, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “White light emission from Tm3+/Dy3+ co-doped oxyfluoride germanate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 182, 669–676 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lavin, V.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. E. Lopez, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, V. Lavin, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankarm, and L. R. Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, C. X.

R. G. Ye, S. Q. Xu, D. G. Deng, Y. J. Hua, H. P. Wang, C. X. Li, S. L. Zhao, and L. H. Huang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu2+/Mn2+ co-doped SiO2-Al2O3-ZnO-K2O glass ceramics for white LEDs,” J. Lumin. 130, 2385–2389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, D. Y.

D. Tu, Y. J. Liang, R. Liu, and D. Y. Li, “Eu/Tb ions co-doped white light luminescence Y2O3 phosphors,” J. Lumin. 131, 2569–2573 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, W. L.

X. M. Zhang, W. L. Li, and H. J. Seo, “Luminescence and energy transfer in Eu2+, Mn2+ co-doped Li4SrCa(SiO4)2 for white light-emitting-diodes,” Phys. Lett. A 373, 3486–3489 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liang, Y. J.

D. Tu, Y. J. Liang, R. Liu, and D. Y. Li, “Eu/Tb ions co-doped white light luminescence Y2O3 phosphors,” J. Lumin. 131, 2569–2573 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. C.

C. C. Lin, Y. S. Tang, S. F. Hu, and R. S. Liu, “KBaPO4:Ln (Ln=Eu, Tb, Sm) phosphors for UV excitable white light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 129, 1682–1684 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

H. Lin, S. Tanabe, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, K. Liu, W. H. Wong, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Infrequent blue and green emission transitions from Eu3+ in heavy metal tellurite glasses with low phonon energy,” Phys. Lett. A 358, 474–477 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, L.

H. Lin, S. Tanabe, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, K. Liu, W. H. Wong, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Infrequent blue and green emission transitions from Eu3+ in heavy metal tellurite glasses with low phonon energy,” Phys. Lett. A 358, 474–477 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, B. T.

G. Zhu, Y. H. Wang, Z. P. Ci, B. T. Liu, Y. R. Shi, and S. Y. Xin, “Ca8Mg(SiO4)(4)Cl-2:Ce3+, Tb3+: a potential single-phased phosphor for white-light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 132, 531–536 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, K.

H. Lin, S. Tanabe, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, K. Liu, W. H. Wong, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Infrequent blue and green emission transitions from Eu3+ in heavy metal tellurite glasses with low phonon energy,” Phys. Lett. A 358, 474–477 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R.

D. Tu, Y. J. Liang, R. Liu, and D. Y. Li, “Eu/Tb ions co-doped white light luminescence Y2O3 phosphors,” J. Lumin. 131, 2569–2573 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R. S.

C. C. Lin, Y. S. Tang, S. F. Hu, and R. S. Liu, “KBaPO4:Ln (Ln=Eu, Tb, Sm) phosphors for UV excitable white light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 129, 1682–1684 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.

S. Liu, G. Zhao, H. Ying, J. Wang, and G. Han, “Eu/Dy ions co-doped white light luminescence zinc–aluminoborosilicate glasses for white LED,” Opt. Materials 31, 47–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lopez, F. E.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. E. Lopez, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, V. Lavin, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankarm, and L. R. Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Q.

Q. Luo, X. Qiao, X. Fan, H. Yang, X. Zhang, S. Cui, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Luminescence behavior of Ce3+ and Dy3+ codoped oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramics containing LaF3 nanocrystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 043506 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y. Y.

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ba2Ca(B3O6):Eu2+, Mn2+: a potential tunable blue–white–red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Phys. B 405, 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mart, R.

R. Mart, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, C. Falcony, and U. Caldino, “White light generation through the zinc metaphosphate glass activated by Ce3+, Tb3+ and Mn2+ ions,” J. Lumin. 129, 1276–1280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Moorthy, L. R.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. E. Lopez, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, V. Lavin, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankarm, and L. R. Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, T.

Y. Narukawa, I. Niki, K. Izuno, M. Yamada, Y. Murazki, and T. Mukai, “Phosphor-conversion white light emitting diode using InGaN near-ultraviolet chip,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 371–373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Murazki, Y.

Y. Narukawa, I. Niki, K. Izuno, M. Yamada, Y. Murazki, and T. Mukai, “Phosphor-conversion white light emitting diode using InGaN near-ultraviolet chip,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 371–373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Narukawa, Y.

Y. Narukawa, I. Niki, K. Izuno, M. Yamada, Y. Murazki, and T. Mukai, “Phosphor-conversion white light emitting diode using InGaN near-ultraviolet chip,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 371–373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Niki, I.

Y. Narukawa, I. Niki, K. Izuno, M. Yamada, Y. Murazki, and T. Mukai, “Phosphor-conversion white light emitting diode using InGaN near-ultraviolet chip,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 371–373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Parent, C.

Z. J. Chao, C. Parent, G. L. Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “White light emitting glasses,” J. Solid State Chem. 93, 17–29 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Prakash, G. V.

S. Das, A. A. Reddy, S. S. Babu, and G. V. Prakash, “Controllable white light emission from Dy3+-Eu3+ co-doped KCaBO3 phosphor,” J. Mater. Sci. 46, 7770–7775 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pun, E. Y. B.

H. Lin, S. Tanabe, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, K. Liu, W. H. Wong, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Infrequent blue and green emission transitions from Eu3+ in heavy metal tellurite glasses with low phonon energy,” Phys. Lett. A 358, 474–477 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, X.

Q. Luo, X. Qiao, X. Fan, H. Yang, X. Zhang, S. Cui, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Luminescence behavior of Ce3+ and Dy3+ codoped oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramics containing LaF3 nanocrystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 043506 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

G. Lakshminarayana, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “White light emission from Tm3+/Dy3+ co-doped oxyfluoride germanate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 182, 669–676 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rai, D. K.

N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “White light upconversion emissions from Tm3++Ho3++Yb3+ codoped tellurite and germanate glasses on excitation with 798 nm radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 113107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rai, S. B.

N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “White light upconversion emissions from Tm3++Ho3++Yb3+ codoped tellurite and germanate glasses on excitation with 798 nm radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 113107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reddy, A. A.

S. Das, A. A. Reddy, S. S. Babu, and G. V. Prakash, “Controllable white light emission from Dy3+-Eu3+ co-doped KCaBO3 phosphor,” J. Mater. Sci. 46, 7770–7775 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez-Mendoza, U. R.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. E. Lopez, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, V. Lavin, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankarm, and L. R. Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Seo, H. J.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. E. Lopez, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, V. Lavin, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankarm, and L. R. Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Zhang, W. L. Li, and H. J. Seo, “Luminescence and energy transfer in Eu2+, Mn2+ co-doped Li4SrCa(SiO4)2 for white light-emitting-diodes,” Phys. Lett. A 373, 3486–3489 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shi, L.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. E. Lopez, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, V. Lavin, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankarm, and L. R. Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Y. R.

G. Zhu, Y. H. Wang, Z. P. Ci, B. T. Liu, Y. R. Shi, and S. Y. Xin, “Ca8Mg(SiO4)(4)Cl-2:Ce3+, Tb3+: a potential single-phased phosphor for white-light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 132, 531–536 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sokolnicki, J.

J. Sokolnicki, “Rare earths (Ce, Eu, Tb) doped Y2Si2O7 phosphors for white LED,” J. Lumin. 134, 600–606 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Speghini, A.

R. Mart, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, C. Falcony, and U. Caldino, “White light generation through the zinc metaphosphate glass activated by Ce3+, Tb3+ and Mn2+ ions,” J. Lumin. 129, 1276–1280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, S.

H. Lin, S. Tanabe, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, K. Liu, W. H. Wong, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Infrequent blue and green emission transitions from Eu3+ in heavy metal tellurite glasses with low phonon energy,” Phys. Lett. A 358, 474–477 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y. S.

C. C. Lin, Y. S. Tang, S. F. Hu, and R. S. Liu, “KBaPO4:Ln (Ln=Eu, Tb, Sm) phosphors for UV excitable white light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 129, 1682–1684 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tu, D.

D. Tu, Y. J. Liang, R. Liu, and D. Y. Li, “Eu/Tb ions co-doped white light luminescence Y2O3 phosphors,” J. Lumin. 131, 2569–2573 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vijaya, R.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. E. Lopez, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, V. Lavin, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankarm, and L. R. Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

Q. Luo, X. Qiao, X. Fan, H. Yang, X. Zhang, S. Cui, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Luminescence behavior of Ce3+ and Dy3+ codoped oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramics containing LaF3 nanocrystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 043506 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. P.

R. G. Ye, S. Q. Xu, D. G. Deng, Y. J. Hua, H. P. Wang, C. X. Li, S. L. Zhao, and L. H. Huang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu2+/Mn2+ co-doped SiO2-Al2O3-ZnO-K2O glass ceramics for white LEDs,” J. Lumin. 130, 2385–2389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

S. Liu, G. Zhao, H. Ying, J. Wang, and G. Han, “Eu/Dy ions co-doped white light luminescence zinc–aluminoborosilicate glasses for white LED,” Opt. Materials 31, 47–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

Q. Luo, X. Qiao, X. Fan, H. Yang, X. Zhang, S. Cui, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Luminescence behavior of Ce3+ and Dy3+ codoped oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramics containing LaF3 nanocrystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 043506 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, K. Zheng, T. Guo, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, “Bright upconversion white light emission in transparent glass ceramic embedding Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+:β-YF3 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. H.

G. Zhu, Y. H. Wang, Z. P. Ci, B. T. Liu, Y. R. Shi, and S. Y. Xin, “Ca8Mg(SiO4)(4)Cl-2:Ce3+, Tb3+: a potential single-phased phosphor for white-light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 132, 531–536 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wong, W. H.

H. Lin, S. Tanabe, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, K. Liu, W. H. Wong, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Infrequent blue and green emission transitions from Eu3+ in heavy metal tellurite glasses with low phonon energy,” Phys. Lett. A 358, 474–477 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, F.

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ba2Ca(B3O6):Eu2+, Mn2+: a potential tunable blue–white–red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Phys. B 405, 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xin, S. Y.

G. Zhu, Y. H. Wang, Z. P. Ci, B. T. Liu, Y. R. Shi, and S. Y. Xin, “Ca8Mg(SiO4)(4)Cl-2:Ce3+, Tb3+: a potential single-phased phosphor for white-light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 132, 531–536 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, S. Q.

R. G. Ye, S. Q. Xu, D. G. Deng, Y. J. Hua, H. P. Wang, C. X. Li, S. L. Zhao, and L. H. Huang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu2+/Mn2+ co-doped SiO2-Al2O3-ZnO-K2O glass ceramics for white LEDs,” J. Lumin. 130, 2385–2389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W. B.

Xue, Y. N.

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ba2Ca(B3O6):Eu2+, Mn2+: a potential tunable blue–white–red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Phys. B 405, 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

Y. Narukawa, I. Niki, K. Izuno, M. Yamada, Y. Murazki, and T. Mukai, “Phosphor-conversion white light emitting diode using InGaN near-ultraviolet chip,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 371–373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D. L.

H. Lin, S. Tanabe, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, K. Liu, W. H. Wong, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Infrequent blue and green emission transitions from Eu3+ in heavy metal tellurite glasses with low phonon energy,” Phys. Lett. A 358, 474–477 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

Q. Luo, X. Qiao, X. Fan, H. Yang, X. Zhang, S. Cui, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Luminescence behavior of Ce3+ and Dy3+ codoped oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramics containing LaF3 nanocrystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 043506 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Lakshminarayana, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “White light emission from Tm3+/Dy3+ co-doped oxyfluoride germanate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 182, 669–676 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ye, R. G.

R. G. Ye, S. Q. Xu, D. G. Deng, Y. J. Hua, H. P. Wang, C. X. Li, S. L. Zhao, and L. H. Huang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu2+/Mn2+ co-doped SiO2-Al2O3-ZnO-K2O glass ceramics for white LEDs,” J. Lumin. 130, 2385–2389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ying, H.

S. Liu, G. Zhao, H. Ying, J. Wang, and G. Han, “Eu/Dy ions co-doped white light luminescence zinc–aluminoborosilicate glasses for white LED,” Opt. Materials 31, 47–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J. Y.

H. Lin, S. Tanabe, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, K. Liu, W. H. Wong, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Infrequent blue and green emission transitions from Eu3+ in heavy metal tellurite glasses with low phonon energy,” Phys. Lett. A 358, 474–477 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, K. Zheng, T. Guo, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, “Bright upconversion white light emission in transparent glass ceramic embedding Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+:β-YF3 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. Y.

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ba2Ca(B3O6):Eu2+, Mn2+: a potential tunable blue–white–red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Phys. B 405, 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Q. Luo, X. Qiao, X. Fan, H. Yang, X. Zhang, S. Cui, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Luminescence behavior of Ce3+ and Dy3+ codoped oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramics containing LaF3 nanocrystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 043506 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. G.

X. G. Zhang and M. L. Gong, “Eu2+-doped halo-phosphate/borate phosphors for color temperature tunable near UV-based white light-emitting diodes,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 124, 1243–1247 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. M.

X. M. Zhang, W. L. Li, and H. J. Seo, “Luminescence and energy transfer in Eu2+, Mn2+ co-doped Li4SrCa(SiO4)2 for white light-emitting-diodes,” Phys. Lett. A 373, 3486–3489 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, G.

S. Liu, G. Zhao, H. Ying, J. Wang, and G. Han, “Eu/Dy ions co-doped white light luminescence zinc–aluminoborosilicate glasses for white LED,” Opt. Materials 31, 47–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, S. L.

R. G. Ye, S. Q. Xu, D. G. Deng, Y. J. Hua, H. P. Wang, C. X. Li, S. L. Zhao, and L. H. Huang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu2+/Mn2+ co-doped SiO2-Al2O3-ZnO-K2O glass ceramics for white LEDs,” J. Lumin. 130, 2385–2389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, K.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, K. Zheng, T. Guo, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, “Bright upconversion white light emission in transparent glass ceramic embedding Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+:β-YF3 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Y.

Y. Zheng and A. G. Clare, “Rare earth doped glasses for conversion of near ultraviolet light to white light,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 46, 467–471 (2005).

Zhu, G.

G. Zhu, Y. H. Wang, Z. P. Ci, B. T. Liu, Y. R. Shi, and S. Y. Xin, “Ca8Mg(SiO4)(4)Cl-2:Ce3+, Tb3+: a potential single-phased phosphor for white-light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 132, 531–536 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. Chen, Y. Wang, K. Zheng, T. Guo, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, “Bright upconversion white light emission in transparent glass ceramic embedding Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+:β-YF3 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, E. B. da Costa, and V. B. do Nascimento, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “White light upconversion emissions from Tm3++Ho3++Yb3+ codoped tellurite and germanate glasses on excitation with 798 nm radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 113107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. E. Lopez, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, V. Lavin, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankarm, and L. R. Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Luo, X. Qiao, X. Fan, H. Yang, X. Zhang, S. Cui, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Luminescence behavior of Ce3+ and Dy3+ codoped oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramics containing LaF3 nanocrystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 043506 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Display Technol. (3)

J. Lumin. (6)

C. C. Lin, Y. S. Tang, S. F. Hu, and R. S. Liu, “KBaPO4:Ln (Ln=Eu, Tb, Sm) phosphors for UV excitable white light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 129, 1682–1684 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Tu, Y. J. Liang, R. Liu, and D. Y. Li, “Eu/Tb ions co-doped white light luminescence Y2O3 phosphors,” J. Lumin. 131, 2569–2573 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Sokolnicki, “Rare earths (Ce, Eu, Tb) doped Y2Si2O7 phosphors for white LED,” J. Lumin. 134, 600–606 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Mart, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, C. Falcony, and U. Caldino, “White light generation through the zinc metaphosphate glass activated by Ce3+, Tb3+ and Mn2+ ions,” J. Lumin. 129, 1276–1280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Ye, S. Q. Xu, D. G. Deng, Y. J. Hua, H. P. Wang, C. X. Li, S. L. Zhao, and L. H. Huang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu2+/Mn2+ co-doped SiO2-Al2O3-ZnO-K2O glass ceramics for white LEDs,” J. Lumin. 130, 2385–2389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Zhu, Y. H. Wang, Z. P. Ci, B. T. Liu, Y. R. Shi, and S. Y. Xin, “Ca8Mg(SiO4)(4)Cl-2:Ce3+, Tb3+: a potential single-phased phosphor for white-light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 132, 531–536 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

S. Das, A. A. Reddy, S. S. Babu, and G. V. Prakash, “Controllable white light emission from Dy3+-Eu3+ co-doped KCaBO3 phosphor,” J. Mater. Sci. 46, 7770–7775 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Solid State Chem. (2)

Z. J. Chao, C. Parent, G. L. Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “White light emitting glasses,” J. Solid State Chem. 93, 17–29 (1991).
[CrossRef]

G. Lakshminarayana, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “White light emission from Tm3+/Dy3+ co-doped oxyfluoride germanate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 182, 669–676 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Narukawa, I. Niki, K. Izuno, M. Yamada, Y. Murazki, and T. Mukai, “Phosphor-conversion white light emitting diode using InGaN near-ultraviolet chip,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 371–373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Chem. Phys. (1)

X. G. Zhang and M. L. Gong, “Eu2+-doped halo-phosphate/borate phosphors for color temperature tunable near UV-based white light-emitting diodes,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 124, 1243–1247 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Materials (1)

S. Liu, G. Zhao, H. Ying, J. Wang, and G. Han, “Eu/Dy ions co-doped white light luminescence zinc–aluminoborosilicate glasses for white LED,” Opt. Materials 31, 47–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. B (1)

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ba2Ca(B3O6):Eu2+, Mn2+: a potential tunable blue–white–red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Phys. B 405, 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Chem. Glasses (1)

Y. Zheng and A. G. Clare, “Rare earth doped glasses for conversion of near ultraviolet light to white light,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 46, 467–471 (2005).

Phys. Lett. A (2)

H. Lin, S. Tanabe, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, K. Liu, W. H. Wong, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Infrequent blue and green emission transitions from Eu3+ in heavy metal tellurite glasses with low phonon energy,” Phys. Lett. A 358, 474–477 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Zhang, W. L. Li, and H. J. Seo, “Luminescence and energy transfer in Eu2+, Mn2+ co-doped Li4SrCa(SiO4)2 for white light-emitting-diodes,” Phys. Lett. A 373, 3486–3489 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Excitation spectra of the Eu0.07 glass sample (monitored at 450, 542, 612, and 653 nm). The blue line is the excitation spectra of the 450 nm blue emission, the green line is the excitation spectra of the 542 nm blue emission, the red line is the excitation spectra of the 612 nm red emission, and the black line is the excitation spectra of the 653 nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Emission spectra of the Eu0.05, Eu0.07, Eu0.10, and Eu0.20 glass samples under 365 nm excitation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Overlap between the excitation spectra of the Eu3+ single-doped glass sample and the emission spectra of the Tb3+ single-doped glass sample. The black line is the excitation spectra of the Eu3+ single-doped glass sample (monitored at 612 nm); the blue line is the emission spectra of the Tb3+ single-doped glass sample under 365 nm excitation.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Decay curves of the 548 nm emission for the Tb3+ single-doped glass sample and the Tb3+/Eu3+ codoped glass sample under 365 nm excitation.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Energy level diagrams of the Tm3+, Tb3+, and Eu3+ ions.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Emission spectra of the Tm3+/Tb3+/Eu3+ tri-doped phosphate glass and glass ceramic under 365 nm excitation. The inset shows the photos of the glass and glass ceramic.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

CIE (x; y) coordinate diagram of the Eu0.07 glass sample under 365 nm excitation.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Lifetimes of the 548 and 630 nm Emissions in the Eu0.05, Eu0.07, Eu0.10, and Eu0.20 Glass Samples under 365 nm Excitation

Tables Icon

Table 2. CIE Chromaticity Coordinates and Quantum Efficiency of the Materials

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

τ=I(t)d(t)/I0,

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