Abstract

Polarization gratings have been recorded in a combined liquid crystal (LC) cell made of a substrate covered with a photosensitive chalcogenide orientation layer and a reference substrate covered with a rubbed polyimide film. The gratings are formed due to the spatially modulated light-induced easy orientation axis on the chalcogenide surface recorded by two beams with opposite circular polarizations. The gratings are permanent, but they can be erased by one of the recording beams and re-recorded. The diffraction intensity of the circularly polarized light is achromatic and does not depend on the birefringence of the LC. The diffraction efficiency of the grating is of the order of a few percents. Application of an ac field causes a strong increase of the diffraction efficiency up to 45%.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. M. Blinov, “Permanent polarization gratings in photosensitive Langmuir–Blodgett films for polarimetric applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1157–1161 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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  10. A. Saliminia, T. V. Galstian, and A. Villeneuve, “Optical field-induced mass transport in As2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4112–4115 (2000).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. S. P. Gorkhali, S. G. Cloutier, and G. P. Crawford, “Two-dimensional vectorial photonic crystals formed in azo-dye-doped liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3336–3338 (2006).
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  21. S. P. Gorkhali, S. G. Cloutier, G. P. Crawford, and R. A. Pelcovits, “Stable polarization gratings recorded in azo-dye-doped liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251113 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. K. Komanduri and M. J. Escuti, “Elastic continuum analysis of the liquid crystal polarization grating,” Phys. Rev. E 76, 021701 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  23. R. K. Komanduri, W. M. Jones, C. Oh, and M. J. Escuti, “Polarization-independent modulation for projection displays using small-period LC polarization gratings,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 589–594 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  27. N. Boyarchuk, Yu. Kurioz, K. Slyusarenko, M. Trunov, and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals on chalcogenide glass As20Se80 surface,” Ukr. J. Phys. 57, 129–132 (2012).
  28. I. Abdulhalim, M. Gelbaor Kirzhner, Yu. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, Yu. Reznikov, N. Sheremet, and K. Slyusarenko, “Integration of chalcogenide glassy films and liquid crystals for photoalignment and optically addressed modulators,” Phys. Status Solidi B 249, 2040–2046 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  29. M. L. Trunov, P. M. Lytvyn, P. M. Nagy, and O. M. Dyachyns’ka, “Real-time atomic force microscopy imaging of photoinduced surface deformation in AsxSe100−x chalcogenide films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111908 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  30. M. L. Trunov, P. M. Lytvyn, P. V. Takats, I. Charnovich, and S. Kokenyesi, “Direct surface relief formation in As0.2Se0.8 layers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 11, 1959–1962 (2009).
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    [CrossRef]
  32. E. Ouskova, N. Aryasova, V. Boichuk, D. Fedorenko, K. Slyusarenko, and Yu. Reznikov, “Asymmetry peculiarities of surface-mediated liquid crystals gratings recorded due to light-induced anchoring,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 527, 43[199]–52[208] (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  33. P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 2010).
  34. P. D. Brimicombe, C. Kischka, S. J. Elston, and E. P. Raynes, “Measurement of the twist elastic constant of nematic liquid crystals using pi-cell devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 043108 (2007).
  35. H. Sarkissian, B. Park, N. Tabirian, and B. Zeldovich, “Periodically aligned liquid crystal: potential application for projection displays,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 451, 1–19 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2012

O. Yaroshchuk and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals: basics and current trends,” J. Mater. Chem. 22, 286–300 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Sheremet, Yu. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, K. Slyusarenko, and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoinduced anchoring on a chalcogenide surface,” Phys. Rev. E 85, 051703 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Boyarchuk, Yu. Kurioz, K. Slyusarenko, M. Trunov, and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals on chalcogenide glass As20Se80 surface,” Ukr. J. Phys. 57, 129–132 (2012).

I. Abdulhalim, M. Gelbaor Kirzhner, Yu. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, Yu. Reznikov, N. Sheremet, and K. Slyusarenko, “Integration of chalcogenide glassy films and liquid crystals for photoalignment and optically addressed modulators,” Phys. Status Solidi B 249, 2040–2046 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010

M. L. Trunov, P. M. Lytvyn, P. M. Nagy, and O. M. Dyachyns’ka, “Real-time atomic force microscopy imaging of photoinduced surface deformation in AsxSe100−x chalcogenide films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Ouskova, N. Aryasova, V. Boichuk, D. Fedorenko, K. Slyusarenko, and Yu. Reznikov, “Asymmetry peculiarities of surface-mediated liquid crystals gratings recorded due to light-induced anchoring,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 527, 43[199]–52[208] (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

M. L. Trunov, P. M. Lytvyn, P. V. Takats, I. Charnovich, and S. Kokenyesi, “Direct surface relief formation in As0.2Se0.8 layers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 11, 1959–1962 (2009).

2008

Y. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, N. Eisenberg, M. Manevich, and Y. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals on chalcogenide glassy films” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 489, 94–104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

R. K. Komanduri and M. J. Escuti, “Elastic continuum analysis of the liquid crystal polarization grating,” Phys. Rev. E 76, 021701 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Komanduri, W. M. Jones, C. Oh, and M. J. Escuti, “Polarization-independent modulation for projection displays using small-period LC polarization gratings,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Brimicombe, C. Kischka, S. J. Elston, and E. P. Raynes, “Measurement of the twist elastic constant of nematic liquid crystals using pi-cell devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 043108 (2007).

2006

H. Sarkissian, B. Park, N. Tabirian, and B. Zeldovich, “Periodically aligned liquid crystal: potential application for projection displays,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 451, 1–19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Gorkhali, S. G. Cloutier, and G. P. Crawford, “Two-dimensional vectorial photonic crystals formed in azo-dye-doped liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3336–3338 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Blinov, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, C. Provenzano, S. P. Palto, M. I. Barnik, A. V. Arbuzov, and B. A. Umanskii, “A nematic liquid crystal as an amplifying replica of a holographic polarization grating,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 449, 147–160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Escuti and W. M. Jones, “A polarization-independent liquid crystal spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 6332, 63320M (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Gorkhali, S. G. Cloutier, G. P. Crawford, and R. A. Pelcovits, “Stable polarization gratings recorded in azo-dye-doped liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and R. A. Pelcovits, “Liquid-crystal diffraction gratings using polarization holography alignment techniques,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

K. E. Asatryan, S. Frédérick, T. Galstian, and R. Vallée, “Recording of polarization holograms in photodarkened amorphous chalcogenide films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1626–1628 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Eakin, Y. Xie, R. A. Pelcovits, M. D. Radcliffe, and G. P. Crawford, “Zero voltage Freedericksz transition in periodically aligned liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1671–1673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

2001

A. Ozols, M. Reinfelde, O. Nordman, and N. Nordman, “Photoinduced anisotropy and holographic recording in amorphous chalcogenides,” Proc. SPIE 4415, 1–10 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

A. Saliminia, T. V. Galstian, and A. Villeneuve, “Optical field-induced mass transport in As2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4112–4115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1995

V. K. Tikhomirov and S. R. Elliott, “Model for photoinduced anisotropy and its dark relaxation in chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 5538–5541 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

M. Mitkova, T. Petkova, P. Markovski, and V. Mateev, “Photoinduced changes by polarization holographic recording in Se70Ag15I15 thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 164–166, 1203–1206 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

S. A. Dembovsky, “Chiral and dipolar centres in inorganic glass formers. Anisotropy and gyrotropy in glass,” Solid State Commun. 83, 761–764 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Todorov and L. Nikolova, “Spectrophotopolarimeter: fast simultaneous real-time measurement of light parameters,” Opt. Lett. 17, 358–359 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

T. Kosa and I. Janossy, “Kinetics of optical reorientation in amorphous GeSe2, films,” Philos. Mag. B 64(3), 355–366 (1991).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Lyubin and V. K. Tikhomirov, “Novel photo-induced effects in chalcogenide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 135, 37–48 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Mitkova, E. Vateva, and E. Skordeva, “Photothermal recording in thin films of Se-Te-Ag glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 137–138, 1013–1016 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989

V. M. Lyubin and V. K. Tikhomirov, “Photodarkening and photoinduced anisotropy in chalcogenide semiconductor films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 114, 133–135 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

1984

L. Nikolova and T. Todorov, “Diffraction efficiency and selectivity of polarization holographic recording,” Optica Acta 31, 579–588 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1977

Sh. D. Kakichashvilis, “Polarizational (anisotropic-vectori) holographic recording on real photo-anisotropic materials,” Opt. Spectrosc. 42, 390–395 (1977).

Abdulhalim, I.

I. Abdulhalim, M. Gelbaor Kirzhner, Yu. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, Yu. Reznikov, N. Sheremet, and K. Slyusarenko, “Integration of chalcogenide glassy films and liquid crystals for photoalignment and optically addressed modulators,” Phys. Status Solidi B 249, 2040–2046 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Arbuzov, A. V.

L. M. Blinov, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, C. Provenzano, S. P. Palto, M. I. Barnik, A. V. Arbuzov, and B. A. Umanskii, “A nematic liquid crystal as an amplifying replica of a holographic polarization grating,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 449, 147–160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Aryasova, N.

E. Ouskova, N. Aryasova, V. Boichuk, D. Fedorenko, K. Slyusarenko, and Yu. Reznikov, “Asymmetry peculiarities of surface-mediated liquid crystals gratings recorded due to light-induced anchoring,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 527, 43[199]–52[208] (2010).
[CrossRef]

Asatryan, K. E.

K. E. Asatryan, S. Frédérick, T. Galstian, and R. Vallée, “Recording of polarization holograms in photodarkened amorphous chalcogenide films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1626–1628 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barnik, M. I.

L. M. Blinov, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, C. Provenzano, S. P. Palto, M. I. Barnik, A. V. Arbuzov, and B. A. Umanskii, “A nematic liquid crystal as an amplifying replica of a holographic polarization grating,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 449, 147–160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Blinov, L. M.

L. M. Blinov, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, C. Provenzano, S. P. Palto, M. I. Barnik, A. V. Arbuzov, and B. A. Umanskii, “A nematic liquid crystal as an amplifying replica of a holographic polarization grating,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 449, 147–160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. M. Blinov, “Permanent polarization gratings in photosensitive Langmuir–Blodgett films for polarimetric applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1157–1161 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boichuk, V.

E. Ouskova, N. Aryasova, V. Boichuk, D. Fedorenko, K. Slyusarenko, and Yu. Reznikov, “Asymmetry peculiarities of surface-mediated liquid crystals gratings recorded due to light-induced anchoring,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 527, 43[199]–52[208] (2010).
[CrossRef]

Boyarchuk, N.

N. Boyarchuk, Yu. Kurioz, K. Slyusarenko, M. Trunov, and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals on chalcogenide glass As20Se80 surface,” Ukr. J. Phys. 57, 129–132 (2012).

Brimicombe, P. D.

P. D. Brimicombe, C. Kischka, S. J. Elston, and E. P. Raynes, “Measurement of the twist elastic constant of nematic liquid crystals using pi-cell devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 043108 (2007).

Callan-Jones, A.

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and R. A. Pelcovits, “Liquid-crystal diffraction gratings using polarization holography alignment techniques,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Charnovich, I.

M. L. Trunov, P. M. Lytvyn, P. V. Takats, I. Charnovich, and S. Kokenyesi, “Direct surface relief formation in As0.2Se0.8 layers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 11, 1959–1962 (2009).

Cipparrone, G.

L. M. Blinov, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, C. Provenzano, S. P. Palto, M. I. Barnik, A. V. Arbuzov, and B. A. Umanskii, “A nematic liquid crystal as an amplifying replica of a holographic polarization grating,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 449, 147–160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. M. Blinov, “Permanent polarization gratings in photosensitive Langmuir–Blodgett films for polarimetric applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1157–1161 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cloutier, S. G.

S. P. Gorkhali, S. G. Cloutier, and G. P. Crawford, “Two-dimensional vectorial photonic crystals formed in azo-dye-doped liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3336–3338 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Gorkhali, S. G. Cloutier, G. P. Crawford, and R. A. Pelcovits, “Stable polarization gratings recorded in azo-dye-doped liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Crawford, G. P.

S. P. Gorkhali, S. G. Cloutier, G. P. Crawford, and R. A. Pelcovits, “Stable polarization gratings recorded in azo-dye-doped liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Gorkhali, S. G. Cloutier, and G. P. Crawford, “Two-dimensional vectorial photonic crystals formed in azo-dye-doped liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3336–3338 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and R. A. Pelcovits, “Liquid-crystal diffraction gratings using polarization holography alignment techniques,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Eakin, Y. Xie, R. A. Pelcovits, M. D. Radcliffe, and G. P. Crawford, “Zero voltage Freedericksz transition in periodically aligned liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1671–1673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dembovsky, S. A.

S. A. Dembovsky, “Chiral and dipolar centres in inorganic glass formers. Anisotropy and gyrotropy in glass,” Solid State Commun. 83, 761–764 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dyachyns’ka, O. M.

M. L. Trunov, P. M. Lytvyn, P. M. Nagy, and O. M. Dyachyns’ka, “Real-time atomic force microscopy imaging of photoinduced surface deformation in AsxSe100−x chalcogenide films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eakin, J. N.

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and R. A. Pelcovits, “Liquid-crystal diffraction gratings using polarization holography alignment techniques,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Eakin, Y. Xie, R. A. Pelcovits, M. D. Radcliffe, and G. P. Crawford, “Zero voltage Freedericksz transition in periodically aligned liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1671–1673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eisenberg, N.

Y. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, N. Eisenberg, M. Manevich, and Y. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals on chalcogenide glassy films” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 489, 94–104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Elliott, S. R.

V. K. Tikhomirov and S. R. Elliott, “Model for photoinduced anisotropy and its dark relaxation in chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 5538–5541 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Elston, S. J.

P. D. Brimicombe, C. Kischka, S. J. Elston, and E. P. Raynes, “Measurement of the twist elastic constant of nematic liquid crystals using pi-cell devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 043108 (2007).

Escuti, M. J.

R. K. Komanduri, W. M. Jones, C. Oh, and M. J. Escuti, “Polarization-independent modulation for projection displays using small-period LC polarization gratings,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Komanduri and M. J. Escuti, “Elastic continuum analysis of the liquid crystal polarization grating,” Phys. Rev. E 76, 021701 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Escuti and W. M. Jones, “A polarization-independent liquid crystal spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 6332, 63320M (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fedorenko, D.

E. Ouskova, N. Aryasova, V. Boichuk, D. Fedorenko, K. Slyusarenko, and Yu. Reznikov, “Asymmetry peculiarities of surface-mediated liquid crystals gratings recorded due to light-induced anchoring,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 527, 43[199]–52[208] (2010).
[CrossRef]

Frédérick, S.

K. E. Asatryan, S. Frédérick, T. Galstian, and R. Vallée, “Recording of polarization holograms in photodarkened amorphous chalcogenide films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1626–1628 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Galstian, T.

K. E. Asatryan, S. Frédérick, T. Galstian, and R. Vallée, “Recording of polarization holograms in photodarkened amorphous chalcogenide films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1626–1628 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Galstian, T. V.

A. Saliminia, T. V. Galstian, and A. Villeneuve, “Optical field-induced mass transport in As2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4112–4115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gelbaor Kirzhner, M.

I. Abdulhalim, M. Gelbaor Kirzhner, Yu. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, Yu. Reznikov, N. Sheremet, and K. Slyusarenko, “Integration of chalcogenide glassy films and liquid crystals for photoalignment and optically addressed modulators,” Phys. Status Solidi B 249, 2040–2046 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gorkhali, S. P.

S. P. Gorkhali, S. G. Cloutier, G. P. Crawford, and R. A. Pelcovits, “Stable polarization gratings recorded in azo-dye-doped liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Gorkhali, S. G. Cloutier, and G. P. Crawford, “Two-dimensional vectorial photonic crystals formed in azo-dye-doped liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3336–3338 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gu, C.

P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 2010).

Janossy, I.

T. Kosa and I. Janossy, “Kinetics of optical reorientation in amorphous GeSe2, films,” Philos. Mag. B 64(3), 355–366 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jones, W. M.

R. K. Komanduri, W. M. Jones, C. Oh, and M. J. Escuti, “Polarization-independent modulation for projection displays using small-period LC polarization gratings,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Escuti and W. M. Jones, “A polarization-independent liquid crystal spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 6332, 63320M (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kakichashvilis, Sh. D.

Sh. D. Kakichashvilis, “Polarizational (anisotropic-vectori) holographic recording on real photo-anisotropic materials,” Opt. Spectrosc. 42, 390–395 (1977).

Kim, J. T.

Kischka, C.

P. D. Brimicombe, C. Kischka, S. J. Elston, and E. P. Raynes, “Measurement of the twist elastic constant of nematic liquid crystals using pi-cell devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 043108 (2007).

Klebanov, M.

N. Sheremet, Yu. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, K. Slyusarenko, and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoinduced anchoring on a chalcogenide surface,” Phys. Rev. E 85, 051703 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Abdulhalim, M. Gelbaor Kirzhner, Yu. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, Yu. Reznikov, N. Sheremet, and K. Slyusarenko, “Integration of chalcogenide glassy films and liquid crystals for photoalignment and optically addressed modulators,” Phys. Status Solidi B 249, 2040–2046 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, N. Eisenberg, M. Manevich, and Y. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals on chalcogenide glassy films” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 489, 94–104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kokenyesi, S.

M. L. Trunov, P. M. Lytvyn, P. V. Takats, I. Charnovich, and S. Kokenyesi, “Direct surface relief formation in As0.2Se0.8 layers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 11, 1959–1962 (2009).

Komanduri, R. K.

R. K. Komanduri, W. M. Jones, C. Oh, and M. J. Escuti, “Polarization-independent modulation for projection displays using small-period LC polarization gratings,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Komanduri and M. J. Escuti, “Elastic continuum analysis of the liquid crystal polarization grating,” Phys. Rev. E 76, 021701 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kosa, T.

T. Kosa and I. Janossy, “Kinetics of optical reorientation in amorphous GeSe2, films,” Philos. Mag. B 64(3), 355–366 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kurioz, Y.

Y. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, N. Eisenberg, M. Manevich, and Y. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals on chalcogenide glassy films” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 489, 94–104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kurioz, Yu.

I. Abdulhalim, M. Gelbaor Kirzhner, Yu. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, Yu. Reznikov, N. Sheremet, and K. Slyusarenko, “Integration of chalcogenide glassy films and liquid crystals for photoalignment and optically addressed modulators,” Phys. Status Solidi B 249, 2040–2046 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Boyarchuk, Yu. Kurioz, K. Slyusarenko, M. Trunov, and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals on chalcogenide glass As20Se80 surface,” Ukr. J. Phys. 57, 129–132 (2012).

N. Sheremet, Yu. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, K. Slyusarenko, and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoinduced anchoring on a chalcogenide surface,” Phys. Rev. E 85, 051703 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kwak, C. H.

Lee, S. S.

Lytvyn, P. M.

M. L. Trunov, P. M. Lytvyn, P. M. Nagy, and O. M. Dyachyns’ka, “Real-time atomic force microscopy imaging of photoinduced surface deformation in AsxSe100−x chalcogenide films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Trunov, P. M. Lytvyn, P. V. Takats, I. Charnovich, and S. Kokenyesi, “Direct surface relief formation in As0.2Se0.8 layers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 11, 1959–1962 (2009).

Lyubin, V.

N. Sheremet, Yu. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, K. Slyusarenko, and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoinduced anchoring on a chalcogenide surface,” Phys. Rev. E 85, 051703 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Abdulhalim, M. Gelbaor Kirzhner, Yu. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, Yu. Reznikov, N. Sheremet, and K. Slyusarenko, “Integration of chalcogenide glassy films and liquid crystals for photoalignment and optically addressed modulators,” Phys. Status Solidi B 249, 2040–2046 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, N. Eisenberg, M. Manevich, and Y. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals on chalcogenide glassy films” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 489, 94–104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lyubin, V. M.

V. M. Lyubin and V. K. Tikhomirov, “Novel photo-induced effects in chalcogenide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 135, 37–48 (1991).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Lyubin and V. K. Tikhomirov, “Photodarkening and photoinduced anisotropy in chalcogenide semiconductor films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 114, 133–135 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Manevich, M.

Y. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, N. Eisenberg, M. Manevich, and Y. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals on chalcogenide glassy films” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 489, 94–104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Markovski, P.

M. Mitkova, T. Petkova, P. Markovski, and V. Mateev, “Photoinduced changes by polarization holographic recording in Se70Ag15I15 thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 164–166, 1203–1206 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mateev, V.

M. Mitkova, T. Petkova, P. Markovski, and V. Mateev, “Photoinduced changes by polarization holographic recording in Se70Ag15I15 thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 164–166, 1203–1206 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mazzulla, A.

L. M. Blinov, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, C. Provenzano, S. P. Palto, M. I. Barnik, A. V. Arbuzov, and B. A. Umanskii, “A nematic liquid crystal as an amplifying replica of a holographic polarization grating,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 449, 147–160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. M. Blinov, “Permanent polarization gratings in photosensitive Langmuir–Blodgett films for polarimetric applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1157–1161 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mitkova, M.

M. Mitkova, T. Petkova, P. Markovski, and V. Mateev, “Photoinduced changes by polarization holographic recording in Se70Ag15I15 thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 164–166, 1203–1206 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Mitkova, E. Vateva, and E. Skordeva, “Photothermal recording in thin films of Se-Te-Ag glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 137–138, 1013–1016 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nagy, P. M.

M. L. Trunov, P. M. Lytvyn, P. M. Nagy, and O. M. Dyachyns’ka, “Real-time atomic force microscopy imaging of photoinduced surface deformation in AsxSe100−x chalcogenide films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nikolova, L.

T. Todorov and L. Nikolova, “Spectrophotopolarimeter: fast simultaneous real-time measurement of light parameters,” Opt. Lett. 17, 358–359 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. Nikolova and T. Todorov, “Diffraction efficiency and selectivity of polarization holographic recording,” Optica Acta 31, 579–588 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Nordman, N.

A. Ozols, M. Reinfelde, O. Nordman, and N. Nordman, “Photoinduced anisotropy and holographic recording in amorphous chalcogenides,” Proc. SPIE 4415, 1–10 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nordman, O.

A. Ozols, M. Reinfelde, O. Nordman, and N. Nordman, “Photoinduced anisotropy and holographic recording in amorphous chalcogenides,” Proc. SPIE 4415, 1–10 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Oh, C.

R. K. Komanduri, W. M. Jones, C. Oh, and M. J. Escuti, “Polarization-independent modulation for projection displays using small-period LC polarization gratings,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ouskova, E.

E. Ouskova, N. Aryasova, V. Boichuk, D. Fedorenko, K. Slyusarenko, and Yu. Reznikov, “Asymmetry peculiarities of surface-mediated liquid crystals gratings recorded due to light-induced anchoring,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 527, 43[199]–52[208] (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ozols, A.

A. Ozols, M. Reinfelde, O. Nordman, and N. Nordman, “Photoinduced anisotropy and holographic recording in amorphous chalcogenides,” Proc. SPIE 4415, 1–10 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Palto, S. P.

L. M. Blinov, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, C. Provenzano, S. P. Palto, M. I. Barnik, A. V. Arbuzov, and B. A. Umanskii, “A nematic liquid crystal as an amplifying replica of a holographic polarization grating,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 449, 147–160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, B.

H. Sarkissian, B. Park, N. Tabirian, and B. Zeldovich, “Periodically aligned liquid crystal: potential application for projection displays,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 451, 1–19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pelcovits, R. A.

S. P. Gorkhali, S. G. Cloutier, G. P. Crawford, and R. A. Pelcovits, “Stable polarization gratings recorded in azo-dye-doped liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and R. A. Pelcovits, “Liquid-crystal diffraction gratings using polarization holography alignment techniques,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Eakin, Y. Xie, R. A. Pelcovits, M. D. Radcliffe, and G. P. Crawford, “Zero voltage Freedericksz transition in periodically aligned liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1671–1673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Petkova, T.

M. Mitkova, T. Petkova, P. Markovski, and V. Mateev, “Photoinduced changes by polarization holographic recording in Se70Ag15I15 thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 164–166, 1203–1206 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Petscheck, R.

Provenzano, C.

L. M. Blinov, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, C. Provenzano, S. P. Palto, M. I. Barnik, A. V. Arbuzov, and B. A. Umanskii, “A nematic liquid crystal as an amplifying replica of a holographic polarization grating,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 449, 147–160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Radcliffe, M. D.

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and R. A. Pelcovits, “Liquid-crystal diffraction gratings using polarization holography alignment techniques,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Eakin, Y. Xie, R. A. Pelcovits, M. D. Radcliffe, and G. P. Crawford, “Zero voltage Freedericksz transition in periodically aligned liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1671–1673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Raynes, E. P.

P. D. Brimicombe, C. Kischka, S. J. Elston, and E. P. Raynes, “Measurement of the twist elastic constant of nematic liquid crystals using pi-cell devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 043108 (2007).

Reinfelde, M.

A. Ozols, M. Reinfelde, O. Nordman, and N. Nordman, “Photoinduced anisotropy and holographic recording in amorphous chalcogenides,” Proc. SPIE 4415, 1–10 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Reznikov, Y.

Y. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, N. Eisenberg, M. Manevich, and Y. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals on chalcogenide glassy films” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 489, 94–104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reznikov, Yu.

I. Abdulhalim, M. Gelbaor Kirzhner, Yu. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, Yu. Reznikov, N. Sheremet, and K. Slyusarenko, “Integration of chalcogenide glassy films and liquid crystals for photoalignment and optically addressed modulators,” Phys. Status Solidi B 249, 2040–2046 (2012).
[CrossRef]

O. Yaroshchuk and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals: basics and current trends,” J. Mater. Chem. 22, 286–300 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Sheremet, Yu. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, K. Slyusarenko, and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoinduced anchoring on a chalcogenide surface,” Phys. Rev. E 85, 051703 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Boyarchuk, Yu. Kurioz, K. Slyusarenko, M. Trunov, and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals on chalcogenide glass As20Se80 surface,” Ukr. J. Phys. 57, 129–132 (2012).

E. Ouskova, N. Aryasova, V. Boichuk, D. Fedorenko, K. Slyusarenko, and Yu. Reznikov, “Asymmetry peculiarities of surface-mediated liquid crystals gratings recorded due to light-induced anchoring,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 527, 43[199]–52[208] (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rosenblatt, C.

Saliminia, A.

A. Saliminia, T. V. Galstian, and A. Villeneuve, “Optical field-induced mass transport in As2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4112–4115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sarkissian, H.

H. Sarkissian, B. Park, N. Tabirian, and B. Zeldovich, “Periodically aligned liquid crystal: potential application for projection displays,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 451, 1–19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sheremet, N.

I. Abdulhalim, M. Gelbaor Kirzhner, Yu. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, Yu. Reznikov, N. Sheremet, and K. Slyusarenko, “Integration of chalcogenide glassy films and liquid crystals for photoalignment and optically addressed modulators,” Phys. Status Solidi B 249, 2040–2046 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Sheremet, Yu. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, K. Slyusarenko, and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoinduced anchoring on a chalcogenide surface,” Phys. Rev. E 85, 051703 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Skordeva, E.

M. Mitkova, E. Vateva, and E. Skordeva, “Photothermal recording in thin films of Se-Te-Ag glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 137–138, 1013–1016 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Slyusarenko, K.

N. Sheremet, Yu. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, K. Slyusarenko, and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoinduced anchoring on a chalcogenide surface,” Phys. Rev. E 85, 051703 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Boyarchuk, Yu. Kurioz, K. Slyusarenko, M. Trunov, and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals on chalcogenide glass As20Se80 surface,” Ukr. J. Phys. 57, 129–132 (2012).

I. Abdulhalim, M. Gelbaor Kirzhner, Yu. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, Yu. Reznikov, N. Sheremet, and K. Slyusarenko, “Integration of chalcogenide glassy films and liquid crystals for photoalignment and optically addressed modulators,” Phys. Status Solidi B 249, 2040–2046 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Ouskova, N. Aryasova, V. Boichuk, D. Fedorenko, K. Slyusarenko, and Yu. Reznikov, “Asymmetry peculiarities of surface-mediated liquid crystals gratings recorded due to light-induced anchoring,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 527, 43[199]–52[208] (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tabirian, N.

H. Sarkissian, B. Park, N. Tabirian, and B. Zeldovich, “Periodically aligned liquid crystal: potential application for projection displays,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 451, 1–19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Takats, P. V.

M. L. Trunov, P. M. Lytvyn, P. V. Takats, I. Charnovich, and S. Kokenyesi, “Direct surface relief formation in As0.2Se0.8 layers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 11, 1959–1962 (2009).

Tikhomirov, V. K.

V. K. Tikhomirov and S. R. Elliott, “Model for photoinduced anisotropy and its dark relaxation in chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 5538–5541 (1995).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Lyubin and V. K. Tikhomirov, “Novel photo-induced effects in chalcogenide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 135, 37–48 (1991).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Lyubin and V. K. Tikhomirov, “Photodarkening and photoinduced anisotropy in chalcogenide semiconductor films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 114, 133–135 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Todorov, T.

T. Todorov and L. Nikolova, “Spectrophotopolarimeter: fast simultaneous real-time measurement of light parameters,” Opt. Lett. 17, 358–359 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. Nikolova and T. Todorov, “Diffraction efficiency and selectivity of polarization holographic recording,” Optica Acta 31, 579–588 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Trunov, M.

N. Boyarchuk, Yu. Kurioz, K. Slyusarenko, M. Trunov, and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals on chalcogenide glass As20Se80 surface,” Ukr. J. Phys. 57, 129–132 (2012).

Trunov, M. L.

M. L. Trunov, P. M. Lytvyn, P. M. Nagy, and O. M. Dyachyns’ka, “Real-time atomic force microscopy imaging of photoinduced surface deformation in AsxSe100−x chalcogenide films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Trunov, P. M. Lytvyn, P. V. Takats, I. Charnovich, and S. Kokenyesi, “Direct surface relief formation in As0.2Se0.8 layers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 11, 1959–1962 (2009).

Umanskii, B. A.

L. M. Blinov, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, C. Provenzano, S. P. Palto, M. I. Barnik, A. V. Arbuzov, and B. A. Umanskii, “A nematic liquid crystal as an amplifying replica of a holographic polarization grating,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 449, 147–160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vallée, R.

K. E. Asatryan, S. Frédérick, T. Galstian, and R. Vallée, “Recording of polarization holograms in photodarkened amorphous chalcogenide films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1626–1628 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vateva, E.

M. Mitkova, E. Vateva, and E. Skordeva, “Photothermal recording in thin films of Se-Te-Ag glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 137–138, 1013–1016 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, A.

A. Saliminia, T. V. Galstian, and A. Villeneuve, “Optical field-induced mass transport in As2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4112–4115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wen, B.

Xie, Y.

J. N. Eakin, Y. Xie, R. A. Pelcovits, M. D. Radcliffe, and G. P. Crawford, “Zero voltage Freedericksz transition in periodically aligned liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1671–1673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yaroshchuk, O.

O. Yaroshchuk and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals: basics and current trends,” J. Mater. Chem. 22, 286–300 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P.

P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 2010).

Zeldovich, B.

H. Sarkissian, B. Park, N. Tabirian, and B. Zeldovich, “Periodically aligned liquid crystal: potential application for projection displays,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 451, 1–19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

P. D. Brimicombe, C. Kischka, S. J. Elston, and E. P. Raynes, “Measurement of the twist elastic constant of nematic liquid crystals using pi-cell devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 043108 (2007).

M. L. Trunov, P. M. Lytvyn, P. M. Nagy, and O. M. Dyachyns’ka, “Real-time atomic force microscopy imaging of photoinduced surface deformation in AsxSe100−x chalcogenide films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Asatryan, S. Frédérick, T. Galstian, and R. Vallée, “Recording of polarization holograms in photodarkened amorphous chalcogenide films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1626–1628 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Eakin, Y. Xie, R. A. Pelcovits, M. D. Radcliffe, and G. P. Crawford, “Zero voltage Freedericksz transition in periodically aligned liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1671–1673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Gorkhali, S. G. Cloutier, G. P. Crawford, and R. A. Pelcovits, “Stable polarization gratings recorded in azo-dye-doped liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and R. A. Pelcovits, “Liquid-crystal diffraction gratings using polarization holography alignment techniques,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem.

O. Yaroshchuk and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals: basics and current trends,” J. Mater. Chem. 22, 286–300 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

M. Mitkova, E. Vateva, and E. Skordeva, “Photothermal recording in thin films of Se-Te-Ag glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 137–138, 1013–1016 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Mitkova, T. Petkova, P. Markovski, and V. Mateev, “Photoinduced changes by polarization holographic recording in Se70Ag15I15 thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 164–166, 1203–1206 (1993).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Lyubin and V. K. Tikhomirov, “Photodarkening and photoinduced anisotropy in chalcogenide semiconductor films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 114, 133–135 (1989).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Lyubin and V. K. Tikhomirov, “Novel photo-induced effects in chalcogenide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 135, 37–48 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater.

M. L. Trunov, P. M. Lytvyn, P. V. Takats, I. Charnovich, and S. Kokenyesi, “Direct surface relief formation in As0.2Se0.8 layers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 11, 1959–1962 (2009).

J. Soc. Inf. Disp.

R. K. Komanduri, W. M. Jones, C. Oh, and M. J. Escuti, “Polarization-independent modulation for projection displays using small-period LC polarization gratings,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.

H. Sarkissian, B. Park, N. Tabirian, and B. Zeldovich, “Periodically aligned liquid crystal: potential application for projection displays,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 451, 1–19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Ouskova, N. Aryasova, V. Boichuk, D. Fedorenko, K. Slyusarenko, and Yu. Reznikov, “Asymmetry peculiarities of surface-mediated liquid crystals gratings recorded due to light-induced anchoring,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 527, 43[199]–52[208] (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, N. Eisenberg, M. Manevich, and Y. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals on chalcogenide glassy films” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 489, 94–104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Blinov, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, C. Provenzano, S. P. Palto, M. I. Barnik, A. V. Arbuzov, and B. A. Umanskii, “A nematic liquid crystal as an amplifying replica of a holographic polarization grating,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 449, 147–160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Spectrosc.

Sh. D. Kakichashvilis, “Polarizational (anisotropic-vectori) holographic recording on real photo-anisotropic materials,” Opt. Spectrosc. 42, 390–395 (1977).

Optica Acta

L. Nikolova and T. Todorov, “Diffraction efficiency and selectivity of polarization holographic recording,” Optica Acta 31, 579–588 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Philos. Mag. B

T. Kosa and I. Janossy, “Kinetics of optical reorientation in amorphous GeSe2, films,” Philos. Mag. B 64(3), 355–366 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

V. K. Tikhomirov and S. R. Elliott, “Model for photoinduced anisotropy and its dark relaxation in chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 5538–5541 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

R. K. Komanduri and M. J. Escuti, “Elastic continuum analysis of the liquid crystal polarization grating,” Phys. Rev. E 76, 021701 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Sheremet, Yu. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, K. Slyusarenko, and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoinduced anchoring on a chalcogenide surface,” Phys. Rev. E 85, 051703 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. Saliminia, T. V. Galstian, and A. Villeneuve, “Optical field-induced mass transport in As2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4112–4115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi B

I. Abdulhalim, M. Gelbaor Kirzhner, Yu. Kurioz, M. Klebanov, V. Lyubin, Yu. Reznikov, N. Sheremet, and K. Slyusarenko, “Integration of chalcogenide glassy films and liquid crystals for photoalignment and optically addressed modulators,” Phys. Status Solidi B 249, 2040–2046 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

A. Ozols, M. Reinfelde, O. Nordman, and N. Nordman, “Photoinduced anisotropy and holographic recording in amorphous chalcogenides,” Proc. SPIE 4415, 1–10 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Escuti and W. M. Jones, “A polarization-independent liquid crystal spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 6332, 63320M (2006).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun.

S. A. Dembovsky, “Chiral and dipolar centres in inorganic glass formers. Anisotropy and gyrotropy in glass,” Solid State Commun. 83, 761–764 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ukr. J. Phys.

N. Boyarchuk, Yu. Kurioz, K. Slyusarenko, M. Trunov, and Yu. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals on chalcogenide glass As20Se80 surface,” Ukr. J. Phys. 57, 129–132 (2012).

Other

P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 2010).

Cited By

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Polarization state of the light: (a) in the plane of the intersection of the perpendicular polarizations of the beams and (b) in the plane of the intersection of the two circular oppositely polarized of the beams.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup: 1, DPSS laser; 2, LC cell; 3, lens; 4, polarizers; 5, λ/4-wave plates (532 nm); 6, He–Ne laser; 7, photodiodes; 8, beam-splitters plates; 9, beam-splitter cube; 10, mirrors; 11, λ/4-wave plates (630 nm); and 12, λ/2-wave plates.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dynamics of the recording and erasure. Λ=15μm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dependence of the diffraction efficiency η on the period Λ.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Dependence of the diffraction efficiency η on the voltage, Λ=40μm.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Photograph of the grating between the crossed polarizers, (b) schematic presentation of the director distribution φ(x) on the chalcogenide surface, and (c) spatial distribution of the director and the polarization of light in the LC cell.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Calculated spatial distribution of the director on the grating surface (z=0) at different anchoring parameters ξ=0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, and 32.

Equations (11)

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E(z=0)=2E0(sinθsinϕsinωt,cosθcosϕcosωt,sinϕcosωt).
ϕ=αtan(tan(2πxsinθλ)cosθ).
ϕ=2πλxsinθ.
e⃗(x)=(sinϕ(x),cosϕ(x),0).
Δn⃗=0,
z=0;ξ2sin[2(ϕφ)]=Ldφdz,
z=L;φ=0,
φ(x,z)=ξ2(1zL)sin[2ϕ(x)].
Eout=Ein2sinφ0(iexp(iΔϕ)exp(iΔϕ))+iEin2cosφ0(iexp(iΔϕ)exp(iΔϕ)),
Ediff=exp[i(π2Δϕ)]Ein2(exp[i(32π+2Δϕ)]1)J0(ξ2)+exp(iΔϕ)Ein2exp(2iϕ)(exp[i(32π2Δϕ)]1)J1(ξ2)+exp(iΔϕ)Ein2exp(+2iϕ)(exp[i(32π2Δϕ)]1)J1(ξ2),
Id,±1=I0J±12(ξ/2).

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