Abstract

A Nd:Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd:GGG) laser operating at a wavelength of 1423.4 nm was demonstrated, which has not yet been reported, and is of great interest for wide application potential. With a pumped power of 18.5 W, a maximum output power of 3.63 W was obtained, corresponding to an optical-to-optical efficiency of 19.6% and a slope efficiency of 26%. These unique characteristics of a Nd:GGG laser at 1423.4 nm thereby open new opportunities for a light source in the field of medicine.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. N. Zhang, P. Li, Q. P. Wang, and X. H. Chen, “LD-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser at 1062 nm with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 21, 1867–1870 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
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  3. H. T. Huang, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. F. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, and X. T. Tao, “V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber for a diode-pumped quasi-three-level dual-wavelength Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 18, 3352–3357 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331 nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 17–20 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432 nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2881–2884 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. C. Tark, J. E. Jung, and S. Y. Song, “Superior lipolytic effect of the 1,444 nm Nd:YAG Laser: comparison with the 1,064 nm Nd:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 41, 721–727 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  15. M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

H. C. Lee, J. W. Choi, and Y. P. Kim, “A Nd:YAG laser in the 1400 nm region of the spectrum,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 1–4 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

H. N. Zhang, P. Li, Q. P. Wang, and X. H. Chen, “LD-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser at 1062 nm with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 21, 1867–1870 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432 nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Huang, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. F. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, and X. T. Tao, “V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber for a diode-pumped quasi-three-level dual-wavelength Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 18, 3352–3357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

K. C. Tark, J. E. Jung, and S. Y. Song, “Superior lipolytic effect of the 1,444 nm Nd:YAG Laser: comparison with the 1,064 nm Nd:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 41, 721–727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331 nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. P. Huang, Y. T. Chang, K. W. Su, Y. F. Chen, and K. F. Huang, “AlGaInAs intracavity selective absorber for an efficient high-power Nd:YAG laser operation at 1.44 μm,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1452–1454 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

C. Y. Zhang, G. C. Qing, L. Zhang, W. Z. Yi, and Z. Z. Guo, “Laser performance of Nd:GGG operating at 938 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Borger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dotsch, and B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.062 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1210–1212 (1999).

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1990 (1)

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Agnesi, A.

Beilschmidt, L.

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Borger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dotsch, and B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.062 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1210–1212 (1999).

Chang, Y. T.

Chen, J.

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432 nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. H.

H. N. Zhang, P. Li, Q. P. Wang, and X. H. Chen, “LD-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser at 1062 nm with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 21, 1867–1870 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Choi, J. W.

H. C. Lee, J. W. Choi, and Y. P. Kim, “A Nd:YAG laser in the 1400 nm region of the spectrum,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 1–4 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Dell’Acqua, S.

Dong, C. M.

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331 nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X. L.

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331 nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dotsch, H.

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Borger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dotsch, and B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.062 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1210–1212 (1999).

Eichler, H. J.

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432 nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fields, R. A.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fincher, C. L.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Frommeyer, M.

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Borger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dotsch, and B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.062 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1210–1212 (1999).

Gather, B.

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Borger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dotsch, and B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.062 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1210–1212 (1999).

Gerhardt, R.

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Borger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dotsch, and B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.062 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1210–1212 (1999).

Gobbi, P. G.

Guo, Z. Z.

C. Y. Zhang, G. C. Qing, L. Zhang, W. Z. Yi, and Z. Z. Guo, “Laser performance of Nd:GGG operating at 938 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

He, J. L.

H. T. Huang, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. F. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, and X. T. Tao, “V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber for a diode-pumped quasi-three-level dual-wavelength Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 18, 3352–3357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331 nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Heine, F.

Huang, H. T.

H. T. Huang, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. F. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, and X. T. Tao, “V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber for a diode-pumped quasi-three-level dual-wavelength Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 18, 3352–3357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331 nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, K. F.

Huang, Y. P.

Huber, G.

Innocenzi, M. E.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z. T.

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jung, J. E.

K. C. Tark, J. E. Jung, and S. Y. Song, “Superior lipolytic effect of the 1,444 nm Nd:YAG Laser: comparison with the 1,064 nm Nd:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 41, 721–727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. P.

H. C. Lee, J. W. Choi, and Y. P. Kim, “A Nd:YAG laser in the 1400 nm region of the spectrum,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 1–4 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kleine-Borger, J.

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Borger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dotsch, and B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.062 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1210–1212 (1999).

Kretschmann, H. M.

Lee, H. C.

H. C. Lee, J. W. Choi, and Y. P. Kim, “A Nd:YAG laser in the 1400 nm region of the spectrum,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 1–4 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Li, P.

H. N. Zhang, P. Li, Q. P. Wang, and X. H. Chen, “LD-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser at 1062 nm with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 21, 1867–1870 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Luo, H.

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meister, S.

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432 nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ostroumov, V. G.

Pennacchio, C.

Qin, L. J.

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qing, G. C.

C. Y. Zhang, G. C. Qing, L. Zhang, W. Z. Yi, and Z. Z. Guo, “Laser performance of Nd:GGG operating at 938 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Reali, G.

Rhee, H.

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432 nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Song, S. Y.

K. C. Tark, J. E. Jung, and S. Y. Song, “Superior lipolytic effect of the 1,444 nm Nd:YAG Laser: comparison with the 1,064 nm Nd:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 41, 721–727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Su, K. W.

Tang, D. Y.

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tao, X. T.

H. T. Huang, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. F. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, and X. T. Tao, “V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber for a diode-pumped quasi-three-level dual-wavelength Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 18, 3352–3357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331 nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tark, K. C.

K. C. Tark, J. E. Jung, and S. Y. Song, “Superior lipolytic effect of the 1,444 nm Nd:YAG Laser: comparison with the 1,064 nm Nd:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 41, 721–727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. P.

H. N. Zhang, P. Li, Q. P. Wang, and X. H. Chen, “LD-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser at 1062 nm with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 21, 1867–1870 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432 nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432 nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xie, G. Q.

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J. L.

H. T. Huang, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. F. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, and X. T. Tao, “V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber for a diode-pumped quasi-three-level dual-wavelength Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 18, 3352–3357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331 nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J. F.

H. T. Huang, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. F. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, and X. T. Tao, “V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber for a diode-pumped quasi-three-level dual-wavelength Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 18, 3352–3357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331 nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, K. J.

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yi, W. Z.

C. Y. Zhang, G. C. Qing, L. Zhang, W. Z. Yi, and Z. Z. Guo, “Laser performance of Nd:GGG operating at 938 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H. H.

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yura, H. T.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B. T.

H. T. Huang, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. F. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, and X. T. Tao, “V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber for a diode-pumped quasi-three-level dual-wavelength Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 18, 3352–3357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331 nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C. Y.

C. Y. Zhang, G. C. Qing, L. Zhang, W. Z. Yi, and Z. Z. Guo, “Laser performance of Nd:GGG operating at 938 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. N.

H. N. Zhang, P. Li, Q. P. Wang, and X. H. Chen, “LD-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser at 1062 nm with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 21, 1867–1870 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

C. Y. Zhang, G. C. Qing, L. Zhang, W. Z. Yi, and Z. Z. Guo, “Laser performance of Nd:GGG operating at 938 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, S.

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331 nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zuo, C. H.

H. T. Huang, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. F. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, and X. T. Tao, “V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber for a diode-pumped quasi-three-level dual-wavelength Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 18, 3352–3357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331 nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331 nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Borger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dotsch, and B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.062 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1210–1212 (1999).

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Y. Zhang, G. C. Qing, L. Zhang, W. Z. Yi, and Z. Z. Guo, “Laser performance of Nd:GGG operating at 938 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

H. N. Zhang, P. Li, Q. P. Wang, and X. H. Chen, “LD-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser at 1062 nm with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 21, 1867–1870 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

H. C. Lee, J. W. Choi, and Y. P. Kim, “A Nd:YAG laser in the 1400 nm region of the spectrum,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 1–4 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lasers Surg. Med. (1)

K. C. Tark, J. E. Jung, and S. Y. Song, “Superior lipolytic effect of the 1,444 nm Nd:YAG Laser: comparison with the 1,064 nm Nd:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 41, 721–727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432 nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematics of experimental laser setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Laser emission spectrum of the Nd:GGG ceramic laser at 1423 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output power and optical-to-optical efficiency at 1423.4 nm versus pumped power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Calculated and measured thermal focal lengths of the Nd:GGG laser crystal.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

3D distribution of the 1423.4 nm laser beam.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Parameters for the Calculation of Thermal Focal Lengths

Equations (1)

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fT=2πKc(dn/dt+nαT)ωp2ξPin[1exp(αL)],

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