Abstract

To significantly improve the present-day high-power solar laser beam quality, a three-stage multi-Fresnel lenses approach is proposed for side-pumping either a Nd:YAG single-crystal or a core-doped Sm3+ Nd:YAG ceramic rod. Optimum pumping and laser beam parameters are found through ZEMAX and LASCAD numerical analysis. The proposed scheme offers a uniform absorption profile along the rod. 167 W laser power can be achieved, corresponding to 29.3W/m2 collection efficiency. High brightness figure of merit of 8.34 W is expected for the core-doped rod within a convex–concave resonator, which is 1300 times higher than that of the most-recent high-power solar laser.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

D. Liang, J. Almeida, and E. Guillot, “Side-pumped continuous-wave Cr:Nd:YAG ceramic solar laser,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 305–311 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (4)

D. Liang and J. Almeida, “Design of ultrahigh brightness solar-pumped disk laser,” Appl. Opt. 51, 6382–6388 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Almeida, D. Liang, and E. Guillot, “Improvement in solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser beam brightness,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2115–2119 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Dinh, T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, and H. Kuboyama, “120 watt continuous wave solar-pumped laser with a liquid light-guide lens and a Nd:YAG rod,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2670–2672 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Almeida and D. Liang, “Design of a high-brightness solar-pumped laser by light-guides,” Opt. Commun. 285, 5327–5333 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

V. Lupei, “Ceramic laser materials and the prospect for high power lasers,” Opt. Mater. 31, 701–706 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bin, C. Zhao, J. He, and S. Yang, “The study of active medium for solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 1–9 (2007).

2006 (4)

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Bernardes and D. Liang, “Solid-state laser pumping by light-guides,” Appl. Opt. 45, 3811–3816 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Sträβer and M. Ostermeyer, “Improving the brightness of side pumped power amplifiers by using core-doped ceramic rods,” Opt. Express 14, 6687–6693 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Yagi, J. F. Bisson, K. Ueda, and T. Yanagitani, “Y3Al5O12 ceramic absorbers for the suppression of parasitic oscillation in high-power Nd:YAG lasers,” J. Lumin. 121, 88–94 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun. 222, 371–381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Ikesue, “Polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramic lasers,” Opt. Mater. 19, 183–187 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

V. Krupkin, J. A. Kagan, and A. Yogev, “Nonimaging optics and solar laser pumping at the Weizmann Institute,” Proc. SPIE 2016, 50–60 (1993).

1988 (1)

M. Weksler and J. Shwartz, “Solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1222–1228 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1984 (1)

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23, 1051–1053 (1984).

1972 (1)

R. B. Chesler and D. Maydan, “Convex-concave resonators for TEM00 operation of solid-state ion lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2254–2257 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

Abdel-Hadi, Y.

Y. Abdel-Hadi, Development of Optical Concentrator Systems for Directly Solar Pumped Laser Systems (Verlag, 2005).

Almeida, J.

D. Liang, J. Almeida, and E. Guillot, “Side-pumped continuous-wave Cr:Nd:YAG ceramic solar laser,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 305–311 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Liang and J. Almeida, “Design of ultrahigh brightness solar-pumped disk laser,” Appl. Opt. 51, 6382–6388 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Almeida, D. Liang, and E. Guillot, “Improvement in solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser beam brightness,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2115–2119 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Almeida and D. Liang, “Design of a high-brightness solar-pumped laser by light-guides,” Opt. Commun. 285, 5327–5333 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Liang and J. Almeida, “Highly efficient solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Express 19, 26399–26405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Arashi, H.

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23, 1051–1053 (1984).

Baasandash, C.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Behgol, B.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bernardes, P. H.

Bin, Z.

Z. Bin, C. Zhao, J. He, and S. Yang, “The study of active medium for solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 1–9 (2007).

Bisson, J. F.

H. Yagi, J. F. Bisson, K. Ueda, and T. Yanagitani, “Y3Al5O12 ceramic absorbers for the suppression of parasitic oscillation in high-power Nd:YAG lasers,” J. Lumin. 121, 88–94 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brandenburg, I.

Chesler, R. B.

R. B. Chesler and D. Maydan, “Convex-concave resonators for TEM00 operation of solid-state ion lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2254–2257 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Daito, K.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Denis, T.

Dinh, T. H.

Dobrusin, V.

M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun. 222, 371–381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Funatsu, T.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Graham-Rowe, D.

D. Graham-Rowe, “Solar-powered lasers,” Nat. Photonics 4, 64–65 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guillot, E.

D. Liang, J. Almeida, and E. Guillot, “Side-pumped continuous-wave Cr:Nd:YAG ceramic solar laser,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 305–311 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Almeida, D. Liang, and E. Guillot, “Improvement in solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser beam brightness,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2115–2119 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hahn, S.

He, J.

Z. Bin, C. Zhao, J. He, and S. Yang, “The study of active medium for solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 1–9 (2007).

Huß, R.

Ikesue, A.

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Ikesue, “Polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramic lasers,” Opt. Mater. 19, 183–187 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ikuta, K.

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ishigame, M.

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23, 1051–1053 (1984).

Kagan, J.

M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun. 222, 371–381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kagan, J. A.

V. Krupkin, J. A. Kagan, and A. Yogev, “Nonimaging optics and solar laser pumping at the Weizmann Institute,” Proc. SPIE 2016, 50–60 (1993).

Kaimai, A.

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23, 1051–1053 (1984).

Kolleck, C.

Kracht, D.

Krupkin, V.

V. Krupkin, J. A. Kagan, and A. Yogev, “Nonimaging optics and solar laser pumping at the Weizmann Institute,” Proc. SPIE 2016, 50–60 (1993).

Kuboyama, H.

Lando, M.

M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun. 222, 371–381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liang, D.

D. Liang, J. Almeida, and E. Guillot, “Side-pumped continuous-wave Cr:Nd:YAG ceramic solar laser,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 305–311 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Liang and J. Almeida, “Design of ultrahigh brightness solar-pumped disk laser,” Appl. Opt. 51, 6382–6388 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Almeida, D. Liang, and E. Guillot, “Improvement in solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser beam brightness,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2115–2119 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Almeida and D. Liang, “Design of a high-brightness solar-pumped laser by light-guides,” Opt. Commun. 285, 5327–5333 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Liang and J. Almeida, “Highly efficient solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Express 19, 26399–26405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Bernardes and D. Liang, “Solid-state laser pumping by light-guides,” Appl. Opt. 45, 3811–3816 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Linyekin, B.

M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun. 222, 371–381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, V.

V. Lupei, “Ceramic laser materials and the prospect for high power lasers,” Opt. Mater. 31, 701–706 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mabuti, A.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Magni, V.

Maydan, D.

R. B. Chesler and D. Maydan, “Convex-concave resonators for TEM00 operation of solid-state ion lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2254–2257 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Mebben, S.

Mohamed, M. S.

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mori, Y.

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Motokoshi, S.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Murahara, M.

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, K.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nakayama, Y.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Neumann, J.

Ogata, Y.

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ohkubo, T.

T. H. Dinh, T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, and H. Kuboyama, “120 watt continuous wave solar-pumped laser with a liquid light-guide lens and a Nd:YAG rod,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2670–2672 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oishi, T.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oka, Y.

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23, 1051–1053 (1984).

Ostermeyer, M.

Oyama, A.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Saiki, T.

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sakurai, Y.

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sasahara, N.

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23, 1051–1053 (1984).

Sato, Y.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Satoh, Y.

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shwartz, J.

M. Weksler and J. Shwartz, “Solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1222–1228 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sträßer, A.

Tuji, M.

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, S.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

H. Yagi, J. F. Bisson, K. Ueda, and T. Yanagitani, “Y3Al5O12 ceramic absorbers for the suppression of parasitic oscillation in high-power Nd:YAG lasers,” J. Lumin. 121, 88–94 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weksler, M.

M. Weksler and J. Shwartz, “Solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1222–1228 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wilhelm, R.

Yabe, T.

T. H. Dinh, T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, and H. Kuboyama, “120 watt continuous wave solar-pumped laser with a liquid light-guide lens and a Nd:YAG rod,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2670–2672 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, H.

H. Yagi, J. F. Bisson, K. Ueda, and T. Yanagitani, “Y3Al5O12 ceramic absorbers for the suppression of parasitic oscillation in high-power Nd:YAG lasers,” J. Lumin. 121, 88–94 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, C.

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yanagitani, T.

H. Yagi, J. F. Bisson, K. Ueda, and T. Yanagitani, “Y3Al5O12 ceramic absorbers for the suppression of parasitic oscillation in high-power Nd:YAG lasers,” J. Lumin. 121, 88–94 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S.

Z. Bin, C. Zhao, J. He, and S. Yang, “The study of active medium for solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 1–9 (2007).

Yogev, A.

V. Krupkin, J. A. Kagan, and A. Yogev, “Nonimaging optics and solar laser pumping at the Weizmann Institute,” Proc. SPIE 2016, 50–60 (1993).

Yoshida, K.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Young, C. W.

Zhao, C.

Z. Bin, C. Zhao, J. He, and S. Yang, “The study of active medium for solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 1–9 (2007).

Acta Opt. Sin. (1)

Z. Bin, C. Zhao, J. He, and S. Yang, “The study of active medium for solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 1–9 (2007).

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. Liang, J. Almeida, and E. Guillot, “Side-pumped continuous-wave Cr:Nd:YAG ceramic solar laser,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 305–311 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

T. Yabe, S. Uchida, K. Ikuta, K. Yoshida, C. Baasandash, M. S. Mohamed, Y. Sakurai, Y. Ogata, M. Tuji, Y. Mori, Y. Satoh, T. Ohkubo, M. Murahara, A. Ikesue, M. Nakatsuka, T. Saiki, S. Motokoshi, and C. Yamanaka, “Demonstrated fossil-fuel-free energy cycle using magnesium and laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Weksler and J. Shwartz, “Solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1222–1228 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. B. Chesler and D. Maydan, “Convex-concave resonators for TEM00 operation of solid-state ion lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2254–2257 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

H. Yagi, J. F. Bisson, K. Ueda, and T. Yanagitani, “Y3Al5O12 ceramic absorbers for the suppression of parasitic oscillation in high-power Nd:YAG lasers,” J. Lumin. 121, 88–94 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23, 1051–1053 (1984).

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. Graham-Rowe, “Solar-powered lasers,” Nat. Photonics 4, 64–65 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun. 222, 371–381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Almeida and D. Liang, “Design of a high-brightness solar-pumped laser by light-guides,” Opt. Commun. 285, 5327–5333 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

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J. Almeida, D. Liang, and E. Guillot, “Improvement in solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser beam brightness,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2115–2119 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (2)

A. Ikesue, “Polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramic lasers,” Opt. Mater. 19, 183–187 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, “Ceramic laser materials and the prospect for high power lasers,” Opt. Mater. 31, 701–706 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

V. Krupkin, J. A. Kagan, and A. Yogev, “Nonimaging optics and solar laser pumping at the Weizmann Institute,” Proc. SPIE 2016, 50–60 (1993).

Other (2)

ASTM Standard G173, (2012).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Multiplane mirrors: Fresnel lenses solar pumping approach for Nd:YAG solar laser. (b) Cross-sectional side-view of the solar light collection and concentration system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Pump light concentration onto the Nd:YAG rod through (a) the cylindrical lens and (b) the spherical lens.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Absorbed pump flux distributions along both the central and longitudinal cross-sections of the DNd:YAG=9mm single-crystal rods with different length, pumped through the cylindrical lens.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Absorbed pump flux distribution along both the central and longitudinal cross-sections of the DNd:YAG=9mm single-crystal rods with different length, pumped through the spherical lens.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Numerically calculated multimode solar laser power of the Nd:YAG single-crystal rods with different DNd:YAG and L, pumped through (a) the cylindrical lens and (b) the spherical lens.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Numerically calculated multimode solar laser power of core-doped Nd:YAG ceramic rods with different DNd:YAG and L, pumped through the cylindrical lens.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Absorbed pump flux distribution along both the central and longitudinal cross-sections of the DNd:YAG=8mm, L=30mm core-doped ceramic rod, pumped through the cylindrical lens.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Five-fold plane mirror–Fresnel lens solar light collection and concentration system.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

(a) Focal spot of the single unit. (b) Concentrated solar radiations in the common focal zone.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Concentrated solar radiation along the 6 mm diameter Nd:YAG rod.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Numerically Calculated Laser Beam Quality Parameters with Nd:YAG Single-Crystal Rod

Tables Icon

Table 2. Numerically Calculated Laser Beam Quality Parameters with the Core-Doped Nd:YAG Ceramic Rod

Tables Icon

Table 3. Nd:YAG Solar Laser Performances from Previous Nd:YAG Solar Lasers Compared to Modeled Output Using the Multi-Fresnel Lenses Pumping Approach

Metrics