Abstract

Microvibrations onboard greenhouse gases observing satellite (GOSAT) cause scan speed variations in the TANSO Fourier transform spectrometer. The associated periodic sampling errors generate ghost features in O2 A-band spectra, where surface pressure and aerosol properties are retrieved to determine the optical path through the atmosphere. A correction algorithm has been developed to re-compute the interferograms at equally spaced sampling intervals. The key is to determine iteratively the amplitude and phase of sinusoidal perturbations with predetermined frequencies to minimize the magnitude of the out-of-band ghosts artifacts after correction of the sampling grid. This correction algorithm drastically reduces errors in retrieved surface pressure and improves agreement with ground-based observations.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012

C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuze, H. Suto, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, M. Nakajima, J. Yoshida, T. Kawashima, Y. Yamamoto, and F. Kataoka, “Level 1 algorithms for TANSO on GOSAT: processing and on-orbit calibrations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss. 5, 2959–3018 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Frankenberg, C. O’Dell, L. Guanter, and J. McDuffie, “Chlorophyll fluorescence remote sensing from space in scattering atmospheres: implications for its retrieval and interferences with atmospheric CO2 retrievals,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss. 5, 2487–2527 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

Y. Yoshida, Y. Ota, N. Eguchi, N. Kikuchi, K. Nobuta, H. Tran, I. Morino, and T. Yokota, “Retrieval algorithm for CO2 and CH4 column abundances from short-wavelength infrared spectral observations by the greenhouse gases observing satellite,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4, 717–734 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuze, D. M. O’Brien, T. E. Taylor, J. O. Day, C. O’Dell, F. Kataoka, M. Yoshida, Y. Mitomi, C. Bruegge, H. Pollock, R. Basilio, M. Helmlinger, T. Matsunaga, S. Kawakami, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, and H. Suto, “Vicarious calibration of the GOSAT sensors using the railroad valley desert playa,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 49, 1781–1795 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Butz, S. Guerlet, O. Hasekamp, D. Schepers, A. Galli, I. Aben, C. Frankenberg, J.-M. Hartmann, H. Tran, A. Kuze, G. Keppel-Aleks, G. Toon, D. Wunch, P. Wennberg, N. Deutscher, D. Griffith, R. Macatangay, J. Messerschmidt, J. Notholt, and T. Warneke, “Toward accurate CO2 and CH4 observations form GOSAT,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L14812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Oshchepkov, A. Bril, S. Maksyutov, and T. Yokota, “Detection of optical path in spectroscopic space-based observations of greenhouse gases: application to GOSAT data processing,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D14304 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

J. Messerschmidt, R. Macatangay, J. Notholt, C. Petri, T. Warneke, and C. Weinzierl, “Side by side measurements of CO2 by ground-based Fourier transform spectrometry (FTS),” Tellus 62B, 749 (2010).

2009

2008

H. Suto, T. Kawashima, J. Yoshida, J. Ishida, A. Kuze, M. Nakajima, and T. Hamazaki, “The prelaunch performance test and calibration results of thermal and near-infrared sensor for carbon observation (TANSO) on GOSAT,” Proc. SPIE 7106, 710620 (2008).

B. J. Connor, H. Boesch, G. Toon, B. Sen, C. Miller, and D. Crisp, “Orbiting carbon observatory: inverse method and prospective error analysis,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, D05305 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Buchwitz, O. Schneisting, J. P. Burrows, H. Bovensmann, M. Reuter, and J. Notholt, “First direct observation of the atmospheric CO2 year-to-year increase from space,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 4249–4256 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Aben, O. Hasekamp, and W. Hartmann, “Uncertainties in the space-based measurements of CO2 columns due to scattering in the earth’s atmosphere,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 104, 450–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Simon, J. Genest, and P. Giaccari, “Hybrid sampling approach for imaging Fourier-transform spectrometry,” Appl. Opt. 46, 8482–8487 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

C. Crevoisier, S. Heilliette, A. Chedin, S. Serrar, R. Armante, and N. A. Scott, “Midtropospheric CO2 concentration retrieval from AIRS observations in the tropics,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L17106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. Chedin, R. Saunders, A. Hollingsworth, N. Scott, M. Marticardi, J. Techeto, C. Clerbaux, R. Armante, and C. Crevoisier, “The feasibility of monitoring CO2 from high-resolution infrared sounders,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4064 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

Z. Kuang, J. Margolis, G. Toon, D. Crisp, and Y. Yung, “Spaceborne measurements of atmospheric CO2 by high-resolution NIR spectrometry of reflected sunlight: an introductory study,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 11–13 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. M. O’Brien and P. J. Rayner, “Global observations of the carbon budget 2. CO2 column from differential absorption of reflected sunlight in the 1.61 μm band of CO2,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 4354 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

P. J. Rayner and D. M. O’Brien, “The utility of remotely sensed CO2 concentration data in surface source inversions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 175–177 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Beer, T. A. Glavich, and D. M. Rider, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer for the earth observing system’s Aura satellite,” Appl. Opt. 40, 2356–2367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerck, S. Noel, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. P. H. Goede, “SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996

Aben, I.

A. Butz, S. Guerlet, O. Hasekamp, D. Schepers, A. Galli, I. Aben, C. Frankenberg, J.-M. Hartmann, H. Tran, A. Kuze, G. Keppel-Aleks, G. Toon, D. Wunch, P. Wennberg, N. Deutscher, D. Griffith, R. Macatangay, J. Messerschmidt, J. Notholt, and T. Warneke, “Toward accurate CO2 and CH4 observations form GOSAT,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L14812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Aben, O. Hasekamp, and W. Hartmann, “Uncertainties in the space-based measurements of CO2 columns due to scattering in the earth’s atmosphere,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 104, 450–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Abrams, M. C.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Alkhaled, A.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Araxo, P.

P. Forster, V. Ramaswamy, P. Araxo, T. Berntsen, R. A. Betts, D. W. Fahey, J. Haywood, J. Lean, D. C. Lowe, G. Myhre, J. Nganga, R. Prinn, G. Raga, M. Schulze, and R. Van Dorland, “Changes in atmospheric constituents and in radiative forcing,” in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeS. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tigonor, and H. L. Miller, eds. (Cambridge University, 2007).

Armante, R.

C. Crevoisier, S. Heilliette, A. Chedin, S. Serrar, R. Armante, and N. A. Scott, “Midtropospheric CO2 concentration retrieval from AIRS observations in the tropics,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L17106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Chedin, R. Saunders, A. Hollingsworth, N. Scott, M. Marticardi, J. Techeto, C. Clerbaux, R. Armante, and C. Crevoisier, “The feasibility of monitoring CO2 from high-resolution infrared sounders,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4064 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Atlas, R. M.

D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Basilio, R.

A. Kuze, D. M. O’Brien, T. E. Taylor, J. O. Day, C. O’Dell, F. Kataoka, M. Yoshida, Y. Mitomi, C. Bruegge, H. Pollock, R. Basilio, M. Helmlinger, T. Matsunaga, S. Kawakami, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, and H. Suto, “Vicarious calibration of the GOSAT sensors using the railroad valley desert playa,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 49, 1781–1795 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Basillio, R.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Beer, R.

Bernath, P. F.

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Boesch, H.

B. J. Connor, H. Boesch, G. Toon, B. Sen, C. Miller, and D. Crisp, “Orbiting carbon observatory: inverse method and prospective error analysis,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, D05305 (2008).
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C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
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P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
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C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
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H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerck, S. Noel, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. P. H. Goede, “SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127 (1999).
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Breon, F.-M.

D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
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H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerck, S. Noel, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. P. H. Goede, “SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127 (1999).
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Burrows, J. P.

M. Buchwitz, O. Schneisting, J. P. Burrows, H. Bovensmann, M. Reuter, and J. Notholt, “First direct observation of the atmospheric CO2 year-to-year increase from space,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 4249–4256 (2007).
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D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerck, S. Noel, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. P. H. Goede, “SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127 (1999).
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Camy-Peyret, C.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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Carleer, M.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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Castano, R.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
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C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K. V.

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerck, S. Noel, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. P. H. Goede, “SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127 (1999).
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Chedin, A.

C. Crevoisier, S. Heilliette, A. Chedin, S. Serrar, R. Armante, and N. A. Scott, “Midtropospheric CO2 concentration retrieval from AIRS observations in the tropics,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L17106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Chedin, R. Saunders, A. Hollingsworth, N. Scott, M. Marticardi, J. Techeto, C. Clerbaux, R. Armante, and C. Crevoisier, “The feasibility of monitoring CO2 from high-resolution infrared sounders,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4064 (2003).
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Christi, M.

C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
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Chudasama, B.

D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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Ciais, P.

D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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Clerbaux, C.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Chedin, R. Saunders, A. Hollingsworth, N. Scott, M. Marticardi, J. Techeto, C. Clerbaux, R. Armante, and C. Crevoisier, “The feasibility of monitoring CO2 from high-resolution infrared sounders,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4064 (2003).
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Coheur, P.-F.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Colin, R.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Connor, B.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Connor, B. J.

B. J. Connor, H. Boesch, G. Toon, B. Sen, C. Miller, and D. Crisp, “Orbiting carbon observatory: inverse method and prospective error analysis,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, D05305 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Crevoisier, C.

C. Crevoisier, S. Heilliette, A. Chedin, S. Serrar, R. Armante, and N. A. Scott, “Midtropospheric CO2 concentration retrieval from AIRS observations in the tropics,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L17106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Chedin, R. Saunders, A. Hollingsworth, N. Scott, M. Marticardi, J. Techeto, C. Clerbaux, R. Armante, and C. Crevoisier, “The feasibility of monitoring CO2 from high-resolution infrared sounders,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4064 (2003).
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Crisp, D.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Connor, H. Boesch, G. Toon, B. Sen, C. Miller, and D. Crisp, “Orbiting carbon observatory: inverse method and prospective error analysis,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, D05305 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. Kuang, J. Margolis, G. Toon, D. Crisp, and Y. Yung, “Spaceborne measurements of atmospheric CO2 by high-resolution NIR spectrometry of reflected sunlight: an introductory study,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 11–13 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Day, J. O.

A. Kuze, D. M. O’Brien, T. E. Taylor, J. O. Day, C. O’Dell, F. Kataoka, M. Yoshida, Y. Mitomi, C. Bruegge, H. Pollock, R. Basilio, M. Helmlinger, T. Matsunaga, S. Kawakami, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, and H. Suto, “Vicarious calibration of the GOSAT sensors using the railroad valley desert playa,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 49, 1781–1795 (2011).
[CrossRef]

DeCola, P.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

DeCola, P. L.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
[CrossRef]

DeMaziere, M.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Denning, A. S.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Deutscher, N.

A. Butz, S. Guerlet, O. Hasekamp, D. Schepers, A. Galli, I. Aben, C. Frankenberg, J.-M. Hartmann, H. Tran, A. Kuze, G. Keppel-Aleks, G. Toon, D. Wunch, P. Wennberg, N. Deutscher, D. Griffith, R. Macatangay, J. Messerschmidt, J. Notholt, and T. Warneke, “Toward accurate CO2 and CH4 observations form GOSAT,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L14812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Deutscher, N. M.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Doney, S. C.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Drummond, J. R.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dufour, D.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eguchi, N.

Y. Yoshida, Y. Ota, N. Eguchi, N. Kikuchi, K. Nobuta, H. Tran, I. Morino, and T. Yokota, “Retrieval algorithm for CO2 and CH4 column abundances from short-wavelength infrared spectral observations by the greenhouse gases observing satellite,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4, 717–734 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Eldering, A.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Eldering, D.

C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Evans, W. F. J.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fahey, D. W.

P. Forster, V. Ramaswamy, P. Araxo, T. Berntsen, R. A. Betts, D. W. Fahey, J. Haywood, J. Lean, D. C. Lowe, G. Myhre, J. Nganga, R. Prinn, G. Raga, M. Schulze, and R. Van Dorland, “Changes in atmospheric constituents and in radiative forcing,” in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeS. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tigonor, and H. L. Miller, eds. (Cambridge University, 2007).

Fast, H.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, B.

C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, B. M.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Forster, P.

P. Forster, V. Ramaswamy, P. Araxo, T. Berntsen, R. A. Betts, D. W. Fahey, J. Haywood, J. Lean, D. C. Lowe, G. Myhre, J. Nganga, R. Prinn, G. Raga, M. Schulze, and R. Van Dorland, “Changes in atmospheric constituents and in radiative forcing,” in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeS. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tigonor, and H. L. Miller, eds. (Cambridge University, 2007).

Frankenberg, C.

C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Frankenberg, C. O’Dell, L. Guanter, and J. McDuffie, “Chlorophyll fluorescence remote sensing from space in scattering atmospheres: implications for its retrieval and interferences with atmospheric CO2 retrievals,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss. 5, 2487–2527 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Butz, S. Guerlet, O. Hasekamp, D. Schepers, A. Galli, I. Aben, C. Frankenberg, J.-M. Hartmann, H. Tran, A. Kuze, G. Keppel-Aleks, G. Toon, D. Wunch, P. Wennberg, N. Deutscher, D. Griffith, R. Macatangay, J. Messerschmidt, J. Notholt, and T. Warneke, “Toward accurate CO2 and CH4 observations form GOSAT,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L14812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Frerck, J.

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerck, S. Noel, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. P. H. Goede, “SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fung, I. Y.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fussen, D.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Galli, A.

A. Butz, S. Guerlet, O. Hasekamp, D. Schepers, A. Galli, I. Aben, C. Frankenberg, J.-M. Hartmann, H. Tran, A. Kuze, G. Keppel-Aleks, G. Toon, D. Wunch, P. Wennberg, N. Deutscher, D. Griffith, R. Macatangay, J. Messerschmidt, J. Notholt, and T. Warneke, “Toward accurate CO2 and CH4 observations form GOSAT,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L14812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Genest, J.

Giaccari, P.

Gilbert, K.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Glavich, T. A.

Goede, A. P. H.

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerck, S. Noel, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. P. H. Goede, “SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Griffith, D.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
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A. Kuze, H. Suto, M. Nakajima, and T. Hamazaki, “Thermal and near infrared sensor for carbon observation Fourier-transform spectrometer on the greenhouse gases observing satellite for greenhouse gases monitoring,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6716–6733 (2009).
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H. Suto, T. Kawashima, J. Yoshida, J. Ishida, A. Kuze, M. Nakajima, and T. Hamazaki, “The prelaunch performance test and calibration results of thermal and near-infrared sensor for carbon observation (TANSO) on GOSAT,” Proc. SPIE 7106, 710620 (2008).

Hartmann, J.-M.

A. Butz, S. Guerlet, O. Hasekamp, D. Schepers, A. Galli, I. Aben, C. Frankenberg, J.-M. Hartmann, H. Tran, A. Kuze, G. Keppel-Aleks, G. Toon, D. Wunch, P. Wennberg, N. Deutscher, D. Griffith, R. Macatangay, J. Messerschmidt, J. Notholt, and T. Warneke, “Toward accurate CO2 and CH4 observations form GOSAT,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L14812 (2011).
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Hartmann, W.

I. Aben, O. Hasekamp, and W. Hartmann, “Uncertainties in the space-based measurements of CO2 columns due to scattering in the earth’s atmosphere,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 104, 450–459 (2007).
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Hasekamp, O.

A. Butz, S. Guerlet, O. Hasekamp, D. Schepers, A. Galli, I. Aben, C. Frankenberg, J.-M. Hartmann, H. Tran, A. Kuze, G. Keppel-Aleks, G. Toon, D. Wunch, P. Wennberg, N. Deutscher, D. Griffith, R. Macatangay, J. Messerschmidt, J. Notholt, and T. Warneke, “Toward accurate CO2 and CH4 observations form GOSAT,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L14812 (2011).
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I. Aben, O. Hasekamp, and W. Hartmann, “Uncertainties in the space-based measurements of CO2 columns due to scattering in the earth’s atmosphere,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 104, 450–459 (2007).
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Haywood, J.

P. Forster, V. Ramaswamy, P. Araxo, T. Berntsen, R. A. Betts, D. W. Fahey, J. Haywood, J. Lean, D. C. Lowe, G. Myhre, J. Nganga, R. Prinn, G. Raga, M. Schulze, and R. Van Dorland, “Changes in atmospheric constituents and in radiative forcing,” in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeS. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tigonor, and H. L. Miller, eds. (Cambridge University, 2007).

Heilliette, S.

C. Crevoisier, S. Heilliette, A. Chedin, S. Serrar, R. Armante, and N. A. Scott, “Midtropospheric CO2 concentration retrieval from AIRS observations in the tropics,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L17106 (2004).
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Hollingsworth, A.

A. Chedin, R. Saunders, A. Hollingsworth, N. Scott, M. Marticardi, J. Techeto, C. Clerbaux, R. Armante, and C. Crevoisier, “The feasibility of monitoring CO2 from high-resolution infrared sounders,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4064 (2003).
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Ishida, J.

H. Suto, T. Kawashima, J. Yoshida, J. Ishida, A. Kuze, M. Nakajima, and T. Hamazaki, “The prelaunch performance test and calibration results of thermal and near-infrared sensor for carbon observation (TANSO) on GOSAT,” Proc. SPIE 7106, 710620 (2008).

Jacob, D. J.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
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D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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Jones, D. B. A.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
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Kataoka, F.

A. Kuze, H. Suto, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, M. Nakajima, J. Yoshida, T. Kawashima, Y. Yamamoto, and F. Kataoka, “Level 1 algorithms for TANSO on GOSAT: processing and on-orbit calibrations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss. 5, 2959–3018 (2012).
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A. Kuze, D. M. O’Brien, T. E. Taylor, J. O. Day, C. O’Dell, F. Kataoka, M. Yoshida, Y. Mitomi, C. Bruegge, H. Pollock, R. Basilio, M. Helmlinger, T. Matsunaga, S. Kawakami, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, and H. Suto, “Vicarious calibration of the GOSAT sensors using the railroad valley desert playa,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 49, 1781–1795 (2011).
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Kawakami, S.

A. Kuze, D. M. O’Brien, T. E. Taylor, J. O. Day, C. O’Dell, F. Kataoka, M. Yoshida, Y. Mitomi, C. Bruegge, H. Pollock, R. Basilio, M. Helmlinger, T. Matsunaga, S. Kawakami, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, and H. Suto, “Vicarious calibration of the GOSAT sensors using the railroad valley desert playa,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 49, 1781–1795 (2011).
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Kawashima, T.

A. Kuze, H. Suto, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, M. Nakajima, J. Yoshida, T. Kawashima, Y. Yamamoto, and F. Kataoka, “Level 1 algorithms for TANSO on GOSAT: processing and on-orbit calibrations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss. 5, 2959–3018 (2012).
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H. Suto, T. Kawashima, J. Yoshida, J. Ishida, A. Kuze, M. Nakajima, and T. Hamazaki, “The prelaunch performance test and calibration results of thermal and near-infrared sensor for carbon observation (TANSO) on GOSAT,” Proc. SPIE 7106, 710620 (2008).

Kenyon, D.

D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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Keppel-Aleks, G.

A. Butz, S. Guerlet, O. Hasekamp, D. Schepers, A. Galli, I. Aben, C. Frankenberg, J.-M. Hartmann, H. Tran, A. Kuze, G. Keppel-Aleks, G. Toon, D. Wunch, P. Wennberg, N. Deutscher, D. Griffith, R. Macatangay, J. Messerschmidt, J. Notholt, and T. Warneke, “Toward accurate CO2 and CH4 observations form GOSAT,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L14812 (2011).
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Kikuchi, N.

Y. Yoshida, Y. Ota, N. Eguchi, N. Kikuchi, K. Nobuta, H. Tran, I. Morino, and T. Yokota, “Retrieval algorithm for CO2 and CH4 column abundances from short-wavelength infrared spectral observations by the greenhouse gases observing satellite,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4, 717–734 (2011).
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Kuang, Z.

D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. Kuang, J. Margolis, G. Toon, D. Crisp, and Y. Yung, “Spaceborne measurements of atmospheric CO2 by high-resolution NIR spectrometry of reflected sunlight: an introductory study,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 11–13 (2002).
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Kuze, A.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuze, H. Suto, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, M. Nakajima, J. Yoshida, T. Kawashima, Y. Yamamoto, and F. Kataoka, “Level 1 algorithms for TANSO on GOSAT: processing and on-orbit calibrations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss. 5, 2959–3018 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuze, D. M. O’Brien, T. E. Taylor, J. O. Day, C. O’Dell, F. Kataoka, M. Yoshida, Y. Mitomi, C. Bruegge, H. Pollock, R. Basilio, M. Helmlinger, T. Matsunaga, S. Kawakami, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, and H. Suto, “Vicarious calibration of the GOSAT sensors using the railroad valley desert playa,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 49, 1781–1795 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Butz, S. Guerlet, O. Hasekamp, D. Schepers, A. Galli, I. Aben, C. Frankenberg, J.-M. Hartmann, H. Tran, A. Kuze, G. Keppel-Aleks, G. Toon, D. Wunch, P. Wennberg, N. Deutscher, D. Griffith, R. Macatangay, J. Messerschmidt, J. Notholt, and T. Warneke, “Toward accurate CO2 and CH4 observations form GOSAT,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L14812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuze, H. Suto, M. Nakajima, and T. Hamazaki, “Thermal and near infrared sensor for carbon observation Fourier-transform spectrometer on the greenhouse gases observing satellite for greenhouse gases monitoring,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6716–6733 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Suto, T. Kawashima, J. Yoshida, J. Ishida, A. Kuze, M. Nakajima, and T. Hamazaki, “The prelaunch performance test and calibration results of thermal and near-infrared sensor for carbon observation (TANSO) on GOSAT,” Proc. SPIE 7106, 710620 (2008).

Law, R. M.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
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Lean, J.

P. Forster, V. Ramaswamy, P. Araxo, T. Berntsen, R. A. Betts, D. W. Fahey, J. Haywood, J. Lean, D. C. Lowe, G. Myhre, J. Nganga, R. Prinn, G. Raga, M. Schulze, and R. Van Dorland, “Changes in atmospheric constituents and in radiative forcing,” in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeS. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tigonor, and H. L. Miller, eds. (Cambridge University, 2007).

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Llewellyn, E. J.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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Lowe, D. C.

P. Forster, V. Ramaswamy, P. Araxo, T. Berntsen, R. A. Betts, D. W. Fahey, J. Haywood, J. Lean, D. C. Lowe, G. Myhre, J. Nganga, R. Prinn, G. Raga, M. Schulze, and R. Van Dorland, “Changes in atmospheric constituents and in radiative forcing,” in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeS. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tigonor, and H. L. Miller, eds. (Cambridge University, 2007).

Lowe, R. P.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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Macatangay, R.

A. Butz, S. Guerlet, O. Hasekamp, D. Schepers, A. Galli, I. Aben, C. Frankenberg, J.-M. Hartmann, H. Tran, A. Kuze, G. Keppel-Aleks, G. Toon, D. Wunch, P. Wennberg, N. Deutscher, D. Griffith, R. Macatangay, J. Messerschmidt, J. Notholt, and T. Warneke, “Toward accurate CO2 and CH4 observations form GOSAT,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L14812 (2011).
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Mahieu, E.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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Maksyutov, S.

S. Oshchepkov, A. Bril, S. Maksyutov, and T. Yokota, “Detection of optical path in spectroscopic space-based observations of greenhouse gases: application to GOSAT data processing,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D14304 (2011).
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Mandrake, L.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
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Margolis, J.

Z. Kuang, J. Margolis, G. Toon, D. Crisp, and Y. Yung, “Spaceborne measurements of atmospheric CO2 by high-resolution NIR spectrometry of reflected sunlight: an introductory study,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 11–13 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Marticardi, M.

A. Chedin, R. Saunders, A. Hollingsworth, N. Scott, M. Marticardi, J. Techeto, C. Clerbaux, R. Armante, and C. Crevoisier, “The feasibility of monitoring CO2 from high-resolution infrared sounders,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4064 (2003).
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Matsunaga, T.

A. Kuze, D. M. O’Brien, T. E. Taylor, J. O. Day, C. O’Dell, F. Kataoka, M. Yoshida, Y. Mitomi, C. Bruegge, H. Pollock, R. Basilio, M. Helmlinger, T. Matsunaga, S. Kawakami, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, and H. Suto, “Vicarious calibration of the GOSAT sensors using the railroad valley desert playa,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 49, 1781–1795 (2011).
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McConnell, J. C.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McDuffie, J.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Frankenberg, C. O’Dell, L. Guanter, and J. McDuffie, “Chlorophyll fluorescence remote sensing from space in scattering atmospheres: implications for its retrieval and interferences with atmospheric CO2 retrievals,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss. 5, 2487–2527 (2012).
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McElroy, C. T.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McHugh, M.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McLeod, S. D.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Messerschmidt, J.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Butz, S. Guerlet, O. Hasekamp, D. Schepers, A. Galli, I. Aben, C. Frankenberg, J.-M. Hartmann, H. Tran, A. Kuze, G. Keppel-Aleks, G. Toon, D. Wunch, P. Wennberg, N. Deutscher, D. Griffith, R. Macatangay, J. Messerschmidt, J. Notholt, and T. Warneke, “Toward accurate CO2 and CH4 observations form GOSAT,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L14812 (2011).
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J. Messerschmidt, R. Macatangay, J. Notholt, C. Petri, T. Warneke, and C. Weinzierl, “Side by side measurements of CO2 by ground-based Fourier transform spectrometry (FTS),” Tellus 62B, 749 (2010).

Michalak, A. M.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Michaud, R.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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Midwinter, C.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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Miller, C.

B. J. Connor, H. Boesch, G. Toon, B. Sen, C. Miller, and D. Crisp, “Orbiting carbon observatory: inverse method and prospective error analysis,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, D05305 (2008).
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Miller, C. E.

C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
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D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
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C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
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D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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Mitomi, Y.

A. Kuze, D. M. O’Brien, T. E. Taylor, J. O. Day, C. O’Dell, F. Kataoka, M. Yoshida, Y. Mitomi, C. Bruegge, H. Pollock, R. Basilio, M. Helmlinger, T. Matsunaga, S. Kawakami, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, and H. Suto, “Vicarious calibration of the GOSAT sensors using the railroad valley desert playa,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 49, 1781–1795 (2011).
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Morino, I.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
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Y. Yoshida, Y. Ota, N. Eguchi, N. Kikuchi, K. Nobuta, H. Tran, I. Morino, and T. Yokota, “Retrieval algorithm for CO2 and CH4 column abundances from short-wavelength infrared spectral observations by the greenhouse gases observing satellite,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4, 717–734 (2011).
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Myhre, G.

P. Forster, V. Ramaswamy, P. Araxo, T. Berntsen, R. A. Betts, D. W. Fahey, J. Haywood, J. Lean, D. C. Lowe, G. Myhre, J. Nganga, R. Prinn, G. Raga, M. Schulze, and R. Van Dorland, “Changes in atmospheric constituents and in radiative forcing,” in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeS. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tigonor, and H. L. Miller, eds. (Cambridge University, 2007).

Nakajima, M.

A. Kuze, H. Suto, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, M. Nakajima, J. Yoshida, T. Kawashima, Y. Yamamoto, and F. Kataoka, “Level 1 algorithms for TANSO on GOSAT: processing and on-orbit calibrations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss. 5, 2959–3018 (2012).
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A. Kuze, H. Suto, M. Nakajima, and T. Hamazaki, “Thermal and near infrared sensor for carbon observation Fourier-transform spectrometer on the greenhouse gases observing satellite for greenhouse gases monitoring,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6716–6733 (2009).
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H. Suto, T. Kawashima, J. Yoshida, J. Ishida, A. Kuze, M. Nakajima, and T. Hamazaki, “The prelaunch performance test and calibration results of thermal and near-infrared sensor for carbon observation (TANSO) on GOSAT,” Proc. SPIE 7106, 710620 (2008).

Nassar, R.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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Natraj, V.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nganga, J.

P. Forster, V. Ramaswamy, P. Araxo, T. Berntsen, R. A. Betts, D. W. Fahey, J. Haywood, J. Lean, D. C. Lowe, G. Myhre, J. Nganga, R. Prinn, G. Raga, M. Schulze, and R. Van Dorland, “Changes in atmospheric constituents and in radiative forcing,” in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeS. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tigonor, and H. L. Miller, eds. (Cambridge University, 2007).

Nichitiu, F.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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Nicholls, M. E.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nobuta, K.

Y. Yoshida, Y. Ota, N. Eguchi, N. Kikuchi, K. Nobuta, H. Tran, I. Morino, and T. Yokota, “Retrieval algorithm for CO2 and CH4 column abundances from short-wavelength infrared spectral observations by the greenhouse gases observing satellite,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4, 717–734 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Noel, S.

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerck, S. Noel, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. P. H. Goede, “SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127 (1999).
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Notholt, J.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Butz, S. Guerlet, O. Hasekamp, D. Schepers, A. Galli, I. Aben, C. Frankenberg, J.-M. Hartmann, H. Tran, A. Kuze, G. Keppel-Aleks, G. Toon, D. Wunch, P. Wennberg, N. Deutscher, D. Griffith, R. Macatangay, J. Messerschmidt, J. Notholt, and T. Warneke, “Toward accurate CO2 and CH4 observations form GOSAT,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L14812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Messerschmidt, R. Macatangay, J. Notholt, C. Petri, T. Warneke, and C. Weinzierl, “Side by side measurements of CO2 by ground-based Fourier transform spectrometry (FTS),” Tellus 62B, 749 (2010).

M. Buchwitz, O. Schneisting, J. P. Burrows, H. Bovensmann, M. Reuter, and J. Notholt, “First direct observation of the atmospheric CO2 year-to-year increase from space,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 4249–4256 (2007).
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Nowlan, C.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, D.

C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
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A. Kuze, D. M. O’Brien, T. E. Taylor, J. O. Day, C. O’Dell, F. Kataoka, M. Yoshida, Y. Mitomi, C. Bruegge, H. Pollock, R. Basilio, M. Helmlinger, T. Matsunaga, S. Kawakami, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, and H. Suto, “Vicarious calibration of the GOSAT sensors using the railroad valley desert playa,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 49, 1781–1795 (2011).
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D. M. O’Brien and P. J. Rayner, “Global observations of the carbon budget 2. CO2 column from differential absorption of reflected sunlight in the 1.61 μm band of CO2,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 4354 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Rayner and D. M. O’Brien, “The utility of remotely sensed CO2 concentration data in surface source inversions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 175–177 (2001).
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O’Dell, C.

C. Frankenberg, C. O’Dell, L. Guanter, and J. McDuffie, “Chlorophyll fluorescence remote sensing from space in scattering atmospheres: implications for its retrieval and interferences with atmospheric CO2 retrievals,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss. 5, 2487–2527 (2012).
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D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
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A. Kuze, D. M. O’Brien, T. E. Taylor, J. O. Day, C. O’Dell, F. Kataoka, M. Yoshida, Y. Mitomi, C. Bruegge, H. Pollock, R. Basilio, M. Helmlinger, T. Matsunaga, S. Kawakami, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, and H. Suto, “Vicarious calibration of the GOSAT sensors using the railroad valley desert playa,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 49, 1781–1795 (2011).
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C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
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C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
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D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
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C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
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C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
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Pollock, H.

A. Kuze, D. M. O’Brien, T. E. Taylor, J. O. Day, C. O’Dell, F. Kataoka, M. Yoshida, Y. Mitomi, C. Bruegge, H. Pollock, R. Basilio, M. Helmlinger, T. Matsunaga, S. Kawakami, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, and H. Suto, “Vicarious calibration of the GOSAT sensors using the railroad valley desert playa,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 49, 1781–1795 (2011).
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Pollock, R.

D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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Polonsky, I.

C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
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P. Forster, V. Ramaswamy, P. Araxo, T. Berntsen, R. A. Betts, D. W. Fahey, J. Haywood, J. Lean, D. C. Lowe, G. Myhre, J. Nganga, R. Prinn, G. Raga, M. Schulze, and R. Van Dorland, “Changes in atmospheric constituents and in radiative forcing,” in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeS. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tigonor, and H. L. Miller, eds. (Cambridge University, 2007).

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P. Forster, V. Ramaswamy, P. Araxo, T. Berntsen, R. A. Betts, D. W. Fahey, J. Haywood, J. Lean, D. C. Lowe, G. Myhre, J. Nganga, R. Prinn, G. Raga, M. Schulze, and R. Van Dorland, “Changes in atmospheric constituents and in radiative forcing,” in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeS. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tigonor, and H. L. Miller, eds. (Cambridge University, 2007).

Randerson, J. T.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
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D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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Rayner, P.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
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D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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Rayner, P. J.

D. M. O’Brien and P. J. Rayner, “Global observations of the carbon budget 2. CO2 column from differential absorption of reflected sunlight in the 1.61 μm band of CO2,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 4354 (2002).
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P. J. Rayner and D. M. O’Brien, “The utility of remotely sensed CO2 concentration data in surface source inversions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 175–177 (2001).
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M. Buchwitz, O. Schneisting, J. P. Burrows, H. Bovensmann, M. Reuter, and J. Notholt, “First direct observation of the atmospheric CO2 year-to-year increase from space,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 4249–4256 (2007).
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D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
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P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
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C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
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C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
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D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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Scott, N.

A. Chedin, R. Saunders, A. Hollingsworth, N. Scott, M. Marticardi, J. Techeto, C. Clerbaux, R. Armante, and C. Crevoisier, “The feasibility of monitoring CO2 from high-resolution infrared sounders,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4064 (2003).
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C. Crevoisier, S. Heilliette, A. Chedin, S. Serrar, R. Armante, and N. A. Scott, “Midtropospheric CO2 concentration retrieval from AIRS observations in the tropics,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L17106 (2004).
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P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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B. J. Connor, H. Boesch, G. Toon, B. Sen, C. Miller, and D. Crisp, “Orbiting carbon observatory: inverse method and prospective error analysis,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, D05305 (2008).
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C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
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D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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Serrar, S.

C. Crevoisier, S. Heilliette, A. Chedin, S. Serrar, R. Armante, and N. A. Scott, “Midtropospheric CO2 concentration retrieval from AIRS observations in the tropics,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L17106 (2004).
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Sherlock, V.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
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Shiomi, K.

A. Kuze, H. Suto, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, M. Nakajima, J. Yoshida, T. Kawashima, Y. Yamamoto, and F. Kataoka, “Level 1 algorithms for TANSO on GOSAT: processing and on-orbit calibrations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss. 5, 2959–3018 (2012).
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A. Kuze, D. M. O’Brien, T. E. Taylor, J. O. Day, C. O’Dell, F. Kataoka, M. Yoshida, Y. Mitomi, C. Bruegge, H. Pollock, R. Basilio, M. Helmlinger, T. Matsunaga, S. Kawakami, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, and H. Suto, “Vicarious calibration of the GOSAT sensors using the railroad valley desert playa,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 49, 1781–1795 (2011).
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Skelton, R.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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Sloan, J. J.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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Smyth, M.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
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C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
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Soucy, M.-A.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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Sprague, G.

D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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Stephens, G. L.

D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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Strong, K.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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Suntharalingam, P.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
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Suto, H.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
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A. Kuze, H. Suto, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, M. Nakajima, J. Yoshida, T. Kawashima, Y. Yamamoto, and F. Kataoka, “Level 1 algorithms for TANSO on GOSAT: processing and on-orbit calibrations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss. 5, 2959–3018 (2012).
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A. Kuze, D. M. O’Brien, T. E. Taylor, J. O. Day, C. O’Dell, F. Kataoka, M. Yoshida, Y. Mitomi, C. Bruegge, H. Pollock, R. Basilio, M. Helmlinger, T. Matsunaga, S. Kawakami, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, and H. Suto, “Vicarious calibration of the GOSAT sensors using the railroad valley desert playa,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 49, 1781–1795 (2011).
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A. Kuze, H. Suto, M. Nakajima, and T. Hamazaki, “Thermal and near infrared sensor for carbon observation Fourier-transform spectrometer on the greenhouse gases observing satellite for greenhouse gases monitoring,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6716–6733 (2009).
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H. Suto, T. Kawashima, J. Yoshida, J. Ishida, A. Kuze, M. Nakajima, and T. Hamazaki, “The prelaunch performance test and calibration results of thermal and near-infrared sensor for carbon observation (TANSO) on GOSAT,” Proc. SPIE 7106, 710620 (2008).

Tans, P.

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
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Tans, P. P.

D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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Taylor, T.

C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, T. E.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuze, D. M. O’Brien, T. E. Taylor, J. O. Day, C. O’Dell, F. Kataoka, M. Yoshida, Y. Mitomi, C. Bruegge, H. Pollock, R. Basilio, M. Helmlinger, T. Matsunaga, S. Kawakami, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, and H. Suto, “Vicarious calibration of the GOSAT sensors using the railroad valley desert playa,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 49, 1781–1795 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Techeto, J.

A. Chedin, R. Saunders, A. Hollingsworth, N. Scott, M. Marticardi, J. Techeto, C. Clerbaux, R. Armante, and C. Crevoisier, “The feasibility of monitoring CO2 from high-resolution infrared sounders,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4064 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, D. R.

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
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Thorne, A. P.

Toon, G.

A. Butz, S. Guerlet, O. Hasekamp, D. Schepers, A. Galli, I. Aben, C. Frankenberg, J.-M. Hartmann, H. Tran, A. Kuze, G. Keppel-Aleks, G. Toon, D. Wunch, P. Wennberg, N. Deutscher, D. Griffith, R. Macatangay, J. Messerschmidt, J. Notholt, and T. Warneke, “Toward accurate CO2 and CH4 observations form GOSAT,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L14812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Connor, H. Boesch, G. Toon, B. Sen, C. Miller, and D. Crisp, “Orbiting carbon observatory: inverse method and prospective error analysis,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, D05305 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Kuang, J. Margolis, G. Toon, D. Crisp, and Y. Yung, “Spaceborne measurements of atmospheric CO2 by high-resolution NIR spectrometry of reflected sunlight: an introductory study,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 11–13 (2002).
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Toon, G. C.

C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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Tran, H.

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P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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Wardle, D. A.

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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A. Butz, S. Guerlet, O. Hasekamp, D. Schepers, A. Galli, I. Aben, C. Frankenberg, J.-M. Hartmann, H. Tran, A. Kuze, G. Keppel-Aleks, G. Toon, D. Wunch, P. Wennberg, N. Deutscher, D. Griffith, R. Macatangay, J. Messerschmidt, J. Notholt, and T. Warneke, “Toward accurate CO2 and CH4 observations form GOSAT,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L14812 (2011).
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P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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J. Messerschmidt, R. Macatangay, J. Notholt, C. Petri, T. Warneke, and C. Weinzierl, “Side by side measurements of CO2 by ground-based Fourier transform spectrometry (FTS),” Tellus 62B, 749 (2010).

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D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
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C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
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D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
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A. Butz, S. Guerlet, O. Hasekamp, D. Schepers, A. Galli, I. Aben, C. Frankenberg, J.-M. Hartmann, H. Tran, A. Kuze, G. Keppel-Aleks, G. Toon, D. Wunch, P. Wennberg, N. Deutscher, D. Griffith, R. Macatangay, J. Messerschmidt, J. Notholt, and T. Warneke, “Toward accurate CO2 and CH4 observations form GOSAT,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L14812 (2011).
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A. Kuze, H. Suto, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, M. Nakajima, J. Yoshida, T. Kawashima, Y. Yamamoto, and F. Kataoka, “Level 1 algorithms for TANSO on GOSAT: processing and on-orbit calibrations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss. 5, 2959–3018 (2012).
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A. Kuze, H. Suto, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, M. Nakajima, J. Yoshida, T. Kawashima, Y. Yamamoto, and F. Kataoka, “Level 1 algorithms for TANSO on GOSAT: processing and on-orbit calibrations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss. 5, 2959–3018 (2012).
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Yoshida, M.

A. Kuze, D. M. O’Brien, T. E. Taylor, J. O. Day, C. O’Dell, F. Kataoka, M. Yoshida, Y. Mitomi, C. Bruegge, H. Pollock, R. Basilio, M. Helmlinger, T. Matsunaga, S. Kawakami, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, and H. Suto, “Vicarious calibration of the GOSAT sensors using the railroad valley desert playa,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 49, 1781–1795 (2011).
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Yoshida, Y.

Y. Yoshida, Y. Ota, N. Eguchi, N. Kikuchi, K. Nobuta, H. Tran, I. Morino, and T. Yokota, “Retrieval algorithm for CO2 and CH4 column abundances from short-wavelength infrared spectral observations by the greenhouse gases observing satellite,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4, 717–734 (2011).
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Z. Kuang, J. Margolis, G. Toon, D. Crisp, and Y. Yung, “Spaceborne measurements of atmospheric CO2 by high-resolution NIR spectrometry of reflected sunlight: an introductory study,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 11–13 (2002).
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D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
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C. E. Miller, D. Crisp, P. L. DeCola, S. C. Olsen, J. T. Randerson, A. M. Michalak, A. Alkhaled, P. Rayner, D. J. Jacob, P. Suntharalingam, D. B. A. Jones, A. S. Denning, M. E. Nicholls, S. C. Doney, S. Pawson, H. Boesch, B. J. Connor, I. Y. Fung, D. O’Brien, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Law, “Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314 (2007).
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D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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D. Crisp, R. M. Atlas, F.-M. Breon, L. R. Brown, J. P. Burrows, P. Ciais, B. J. Connor, S. C. Doney, I. Y. Fung, D. J. Jacob, C. E. Miller, D. O’Brien, S. Pawson, J. T. Randerson, P. Rayner, R. J. Salawitch, S. P. Sander, B. Sen, G. L. Stephens, P. P. Tans, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, Y. L. Yung, Z. Kuang, B. Chudasama, G. Sprague, B. Weiss, R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, “The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission,” Adv. Space Res. 34, 700–709 (2004).
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C. W. O’Dell, B. Connor, H. Bosch, D. O’Brien, C. Frankenberg, R. Castano, M. Christi, D. Eldering, B. Fisher, M. G. Unson, J. McDuffie, C. E. Miller, V. Natraj, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, M. Smyth, T. Taylor, G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, and D. Wunch, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part 1: description and validation against synthetic observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 99–121 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Crisp, B. M. Fisher, C. O’Dell, C. Frankenberg, R. Basillio, H. Bosch, L. R. Brown, R. Castano, B. Connor, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, D. Griffith, M. Gunson, A. Kuze, L. Mandrake, J. McDuffie, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, V. Natraj, J. Notholt, D. M. O’Brien, F. Oyafuso, I. Polonsky, J. Robinson, R. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, M. Smyth, H. Suto, T. E. Taylor, D. R. Thompson, P. O. Wenngerg, D. Wunch, and Y. L. Yung, “The ACOS CO2 retrieval algorithm—part II: global XCO2 data characterization,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 687–707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss.

C. Frankenberg, C. O’Dell, L. Guanter, and J. McDuffie, “Chlorophyll fluorescence remote sensing from space in scattering atmospheres: implications for its retrieval and interferences with atmospheric CO2 retrievals,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss. 5, 2487–2527 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuze, H. Suto, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, M. Nakajima, J. Yoshida, T. Kawashima, Y. Yamamoto, and F. Kataoka, “Level 1 algorithms for TANSO on GOSAT: processing and on-orbit calibrations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss. 5, 2959–3018 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett.

A. Butz, S. Guerlet, O. Hasekamp, D. Schepers, A. Galli, I. Aben, C. Frankenberg, J.-M. Hartmann, H. Tran, A. Kuze, G. Keppel-Aleks, G. Toon, D. Wunch, P. Wennberg, N. Deutscher, D. Griffith, R. Macatangay, J. Messerschmidt, J. Notholt, and T. Warneke, “Toward accurate CO2 and CH4 observations form GOSAT,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L14812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Kuang, J. Margolis, G. Toon, D. Crisp, and Y. Yung, “Spaceborne measurements of atmospheric CO2 by high-resolution NIR spectrometry of reflected sunlight: an introductory study,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 11–13 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Crevoisier, S. Heilliette, A. Chedin, S. Serrar, R. Armante, and N. A. Scott, “Midtropospheric CO2 concentration retrieval from AIRS observations in the tropics,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L17106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Bernath, C. T. McElroy, M. C. Abrams, C. D. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMaziere, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. F. J. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. E. Jennings, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. C. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. D. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. P. Rinsland, Y. J. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Trunbull, K. A. Waker, I. Walkty, D. A. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Rayner and D. M. O’Brien, “The utility of remotely sensed CO2 concentration data in surface source inversions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 175–177 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.

A. Kuze, D. M. O’Brien, T. E. Taylor, J. O. Day, C. O’Dell, F. Kataoka, M. Yoshida, Y. Mitomi, C. Bruegge, H. Pollock, R. Basilio, M. Helmlinger, T. Matsunaga, S. Kawakami, K. Shiomi, T. Urabe, and H. Suto, “Vicarious calibration of the GOSAT sensors using the railroad valley desert playa,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 49, 1781–1795 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sci.

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerck, S. Noel, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. P. H. Goede, “SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res.

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

H. Suto, T. Kawashima, J. Yoshida, J. Ishida, A. Kuze, M. Nakajima, and T. Hamazaki, “The prelaunch performance test and calibration results of thermal and near-infrared sensor for carbon observation (TANSO) on GOSAT,” Proc. SPIE 7106, 710620 (2008).

Tellus

J. Messerschmidt, R. Macatangay, J. Notholt, C. Petri, T. Warneke, and C. Weinzierl, “Side by side measurements of CO2 by ground-based Fourier transform spectrometry (FTS),” Tellus 62B, 749 (2010).

Other

P. Forster, V. Ramaswamy, P. Araxo, T. Berntsen, R. A. Betts, D. W. Fahey, J. Haywood, J. Lean, D. C. Lowe, G. Myhre, J. Nganga, R. Prinn, G. Raga, M. Schulze, and R. Van Dorland, “Changes in atmospheric constituents and in radiative forcing,” in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeS. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tigonor, and H. L. Miller, eds. (Cambridge University, 2007).

GLOBAL VIEW-CO2, “Cooperative atmospheric data integration project-carbon dioxide,” CD-ROM (NOAA ESRI, 2009).

GLOBAL VIEW-CH4, “Cooperative atmospheric data integration project-methane,” CD-ROM (NOAA ESRI, 2009).

G. Guelachvili, “Distortions in Fourier spectra and diagnosis,” in Spectrometric Techniques (Academic, 1981), Vol. 2, pp. 1–61.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Photograph of the GOSAT. Both the TANSO-FTS and CAI are mounted in the earth view position with the earth sensor (left panel). The electronics and star-tracker are installed on the opposite side to the earth view side. The RWs, IRU, and PDM are accommodated in the interior of the GOSAT (right panel).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Distorted CO2 absorption spectrum and the ghosts at the edge of the 50 averaged spectra as observed by the TANSO-FTS under microvibration conditions (upper panel), and the processed standard deviation of 50 spectra (lower panel). The plots clearly demonstrate the position of artificial signal with 315 Hz and absorption lines.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Ghost spectra at frequencies of 244 and 320 Hz were acquired with parental monochromatic spectra during on-orbit ILS calibration.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Simulated sidelobe intensities of (a) 10 μs and (b) 21 μs delay mismatch condition emitted from 13,200cm1 monochromatic line.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Speed instability correction procedure.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Spectra over the vicarious campaign site processed with and without speed instability correction for three sequential observations—(a) first scene, (b) second scene, and (c) third scene.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Histogram of residual between each retrieved surface pressure and the average of three sequential observations for (a) NIES retrievals and (b) ACOS retrievals.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Time-series of the difference between the retrieved surface pressure and the a priori value based on the dataset for (a) NIES retrievals and (b) ACOS retrievals.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Surface Pressure Values Retrieved from Noncorrected (v100) and Corrected (v110) Spectraa

Tables Icon

Table 2. Standard Deviation of Each Data Period for Both NIES and ACOS under High (H) and Medium (M) Gains

Equations (12)

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I=A0(1+sin(σ0t)),
IdA=A0(1+sin(σ0t))×(1+εdsin(ϖ0t))=A0(1+sin(σ0t))+A0εdsin(ϖ0t)+A0εd2cos((σ0+ϖ0)t)+A0εd2cos((σ0ϖ0)t).
Δx=ΔT×υd=ΔT·υ0(1+εfsin(ϖ0t)),
IdF=A0(1+sin(σ0(t+Δt)))=A0(1+sin(σ0(t+ΔT(1+εfsin(ϖot))))).
IdF=A0(1+sin(σ0(t+Δt)))A0(1+(sin(σ0t)+σ0cos(σ0t)·Δtσ022sin(σ0t)·(Δt)2))=A0(1+(sin(σ0t)+σ0cos(σ0t)·Δxυ0σ022sin(σ0t)·(Δxυ0)2))=A0(1+(sin(σ0t)+σ0cos(σ0t)·ΔTεfsin(ω0t)(σ0ΔTεf)22sin(σ0t)·sin2(ω0t)))=A0+A0sin(σ0t)+A0σ0ΔTεf2sin((σ0+ω0)t)A0σ0ΔTεf2sin((σ0ω0)t)A0(σ0ΔTεf)24sin(σ0t)·(1cos(2ω0t))=A0+(A0A0(σ0ΔTεf)24)sin(σ0t)+A0σ0ΔTεf2sin((σ0+ω0)t)A0σ0ΔTεf2sin((σ0ω0)t)A0(σ0ΔTεf)28(sin((σ0+2ω0)t)+sin((σ02ω0)t)).
TZC_Ideal=tfringe·n,
OPDIdeal=a·TZC_Ideal,
a=ScanVelocity=MOPD/TS(5/4=1.25[cm/s])tfringe=4/76336[s].
TZC_Meas=tfringe·n+TDelay+i=12Aicos(2πfit+ϕi)wheren:1,2,NTotal_fringeandTDelay:time delay mismatch.
Igmcomplex=Igmraw+j·Hilbert(Igmraw),
Igmcomplex=|Igmcomplex|expjtan1(Im(Igmcomplex)/Real(Igmcomplex)).
q=q1/q01+q2/q02+q3/q03+q4/q04.

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