Abstract

Three improved ground-viewing radiometers were built to support the Radiometric Calibration Test Site (RadCaTS) developed by the Remote Sensing Group (RSG) at the University of Arizona. Improved over previous light-emitting diode based versions, these filter-based radiometers employ seven silicon detectors and one InGaAs detector covering a wavelength range of 400–1550 nm. They are temperature controlled and designed for greater stability and lower noise. The radiometer systems show signal-to-noise ratios of greater than 1000 for all eight channels at typical field calibration signal levels. Predeployment laboratory radiance calibrations using a 1 m spherical integrating source compare well with in situ field calibrations using the solar radiation based calibration method; all bands are within ±2.7% for the case tested.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2012

D. Helder, K. Thome, D. Aaron, L. Leigh, J. Czapla-Myers, N. Leisso, S. Biggar, and N. Anderson, “Recent surface reflectance measurement campaigns with emphasis on best practices, SI traceability and uncertainty estimation,” Metrologia 49, S21–S28 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Markham, M. O. Haque, J. A. Barsi, E. Micijevic, D. L. Helder, K. J. Thome, D. Aaron, and J. S. Czapla-Myers, “Landsat-7 ETM+: 12 years on-orbit reflective-band radiometric performance,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 50, 2056–2062 (2012).

J. S. Czapla-Myers, N. P. Leisso, N. J. Anderson, and S. F. Biggar, “On-orbit radiometric calibration of Earth-observing sensors using the Radiometric Calibration Test Site (RadCaTS),” Proc. SPIE 8390, 83902B (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

N. Fox, A. Kaiser-Weiss, W. Schmutz, K. Thome, D. Young, B. Wielicki, R. Winkler, and E. Woolliams, “Accurate radiometry from space: an essential tool for climate studies,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. 369, 4028–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

J. S. Czapla-Myers, K. J. Thome, and N. P. Leisso, “Radiometric calibration of earth-observing sensors using an automated test site at Railroad Valley, Nevada,” Can. J. Remote Sens. 36, 474–487 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

N. J. Anderson, K. J. Thome, S. F. Biggar, and J. S. Czapla-Myers, “Design and validation of a transfer radiometer,” Proc. SPIE 7081, 708104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Butler, S. J. Janz, B. C. Johnson, R. D. Saunders, J. W. Cooper, M. G. Kowalewski, and R. A. Barnes, “Calibration of a radiance standard for the NPP/OMPS instrument,” Proc. SPIE 7106, 71060Z (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Thome, K. Arai, S. Tsuchida, and S. F. Biggar, “Vicarious calibration of ASTER via the reflectance-based approach,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46, 3285–3295 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Czapla-Myers, K. J. Thome, and S. F. Biggar, “Design, calibration, and characterization of a field radiometer using light-emitting diodes as detectors,” Appl. Opt. 47, 6753–6762 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Czapla-Myers, K. J. Thome, B. R. Cocilovo, J. T. McCorkel, and J. H. Buchanan, “Temporal, spectral, and spatial study of the automated vicarious calibration test site at Railroad Valley, Nevada,” Proc. SPIE 7081, 70810I (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

N. J. Anderson, S. F. Biggar, K. J. Thome, and N. P. Leisso, “Solar radiation-based calibration of laboratory grade radiometers,” Proc. SPIE 6677, 66770X (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Biggar, K. J. Thome, R. B. Lockwood, and S. Miller, “VNIR transfer radiometer for validation of calibration sources for hyperspectral sensors,” Proc. SPIE 6677, 66770W (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

G. Schaepman-Strub, M. E. Schaepman, T. H. Painter, S. Dangel, and J. V. Martonchik, “Reflectance quantities in optical remote sensing—definitions and case studies,” Remote Sens. Environ. 103, 27–42 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2002

F. M. Mims, “An inexpensive and stable LED Sun photometer for measuring the water vapor column over South Texas from 1990 to 2001,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 20.1–20.4 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

K. J. Thome, “Absolute radiometric calibration of Landsat 7 ETM+ using the reflectance-based method,” Remote Sens. Environ. 78, 27–38 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, J. M. Palmer, and K. J. Thome, “Unified approach to absolute radiometric calibration in the solar-reflective range,” Remote Sens. Environ. 77, 293–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Brooks and F. M. Mims, “Development of an inexpensive handheld LED-based Sun photometer for the GLOBE program,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 4733–4740 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

P. R. Spyak, D. S. Smith, J. Thiry, and C. J. Burkhart, “Short-wave infrared transfer radiometer for the calibration of the Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer and the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer,” App. Opt. 39, 5694–5706 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

S. F. Biggar, K. J. Thome, P. R. Spyak, and E. F. Zalewski, “Solar-radiation based calibration in the range 740 to 2400 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3870, 228–233 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

A. R. Ehsani, J. A. Reagan, and W. H. Erxleben, “Design and performance analysis of an automated 10-channel solar radiometer instrument,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 697–707 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Biggar, “Calibration of a visible and near-infrared portable transfer radiometer,” Metrologia 35, 701–706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Butler and R. A. Barnes, “Calibration strategy for the Earth Observing System (EOS)-AM1 platform,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1056–1061 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. Miyazaki, S. Itami, and T. Araki, “Using a light-emitting diode as a high-speed, wavelength selective photodetector,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3751–3754 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Janjowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

K. P. Scott, K. J. Thome, and M. R. Brownlee, “Evaluation of the Railroad Valley Playa for use in vicarious calibration,” Proc. SPIE 2818, 158–166 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

1993

S. F. Biggar, P. N. Slater, K. J. Thome, A. H. Holmes, and R. A. Barnes, “Preflight solar-based calibration of SeaWiFS,” Proc. SPIE 1939, 233–242 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

1989

1988

S. F. Biggar, J. Labed, R. P. Santer, P. N. Slater, R. D. Jackson, and M. S. Moran, “Laboratory calibration of field reflectance panels,” Proc. SPIE 924, 232–240 (1988).

1987

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, M. S. Moran, J. M. Palmer, and B. Yuan, “Reflectance-and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors,” Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11–37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Aaron, D.

D. Helder, K. Thome, D. Aaron, L. Leigh, J. Czapla-Myers, N. Leisso, S. Biggar, and N. Anderson, “Recent surface reflectance measurement campaigns with emphasis on best practices, SI traceability and uncertainty estimation,” Metrologia 49, S21–S28 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Markham, M. O. Haque, J. A. Barsi, E. Micijevic, D. L. Helder, K. J. Thome, D. Aaron, and J. S. Czapla-Myers, “Landsat-7 ETM+: 12 years on-orbit reflective-band radiometric performance,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 50, 2056–2062 (2012).

Acharya, P.

A. Berk, P. Acharya, G. Anderson, and B. Gossage, “Recent developments in the MODTRAN atmospheric model and implications for hyperspectral compensation,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2009) (IEEE, 2009), Vol. 2, pp. II-262–II-265.

Acharya, Y. B.

Anderson, G.

A. Berk, P. Acharya, G. Anderson, and B. Gossage, “Recent developments in the MODTRAN atmospheric model and implications for hyperspectral compensation,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2009) (IEEE, 2009), Vol. 2, pp. II-262–II-265.

Anderson, N.

D. Helder, K. Thome, D. Aaron, L. Leigh, J. Czapla-Myers, N. Leisso, S. Biggar, and N. Anderson, “Recent surface reflectance measurement campaigns with emphasis on best practices, SI traceability and uncertainty estimation,” Metrologia 49, S21–S28 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Thome, S. F. Biggar, N. Anderson, J. Czapla-Myers, R. B. Lockwood, S. J. Miller, T. W. Cooley, T. G. Chrien, S. J. Schiller, J. F. Silny, and M. A. Glennon, “Preflight and vicarious calibration of Artemis,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2008) (IEEE, 2008), Vol. 1, pp. I-249–I-252.

Anderson, N. J.

J. S. Czapla-Myers, N. P. Leisso, N. J. Anderson, and S. F. Biggar, “On-orbit radiometric calibration of Earth-observing sensors using the Radiometric Calibration Test Site (RadCaTS),” Proc. SPIE 8390, 83902B (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Anderson, K. J. Thome, S. F. Biggar, and J. S. Czapla-Myers, “Design and validation of a transfer radiometer,” Proc. SPIE 7081, 708104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Anderson, S. F. Biggar, K. J. Thome, and N. P. Leisso, “Solar radiation-based calibration of laboratory grade radiometers,” Proc. SPIE 6677, 66770X (2007).
[CrossRef]

Arai, K.

K. J. Thome, K. Arai, S. Tsuchida, and S. F. Biggar, “Vicarious calibration of ASTER via the reflectance-based approach,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46, 3285–3295 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Araki, T.

E. Miyazaki, S. Itami, and T. Araki, “Using a light-emitting diode as a high-speed, wavelength selective photodetector,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3751–3754 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, R. A.

J. J. Butler, S. J. Janz, B. C. Johnson, R. D. Saunders, J. W. Cooper, M. G. Kowalewski, and R. A. Barnes, “Calibration of a radiance standard for the NPP/OMPS instrument,” Proc. SPIE 7106, 71060Z (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Butler and R. A. Barnes, “Calibration strategy for the Earth Observing System (EOS)-AM1 platform,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1056–1061 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Biggar, P. N. Slater, K. J. Thome, A. H. Holmes, and R. A. Barnes, “Preflight solar-based calibration of SeaWiFS,” Proc. SPIE 1939, 233–242 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Barsi, J. A.

B. L. Markham, M. O. Haque, J. A. Barsi, E. Micijevic, D. L. Helder, K. J. Thome, D. Aaron, and J. S. Czapla-Myers, “Landsat-7 ETM+: 12 years on-orbit reflective-band radiometric performance,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 50, 2056–2062 (2012).

Berk, A.

A. Berk, P. Acharya, G. Anderson, and B. Gossage, “Recent developments in the MODTRAN atmospheric model and implications for hyperspectral compensation,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2009) (IEEE, 2009), Vol. 2, pp. II-262–II-265.

Biggar, S.

D. Helder, K. Thome, D. Aaron, L. Leigh, J. Czapla-Myers, N. Leisso, S. Biggar, and N. Anderson, “Recent surface reflectance measurement campaigns with emphasis on best practices, SI traceability and uncertainty estimation,” Metrologia 49, S21–S28 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Biggar, S. F.

J. S. Czapla-Myers, N. P. Leisso, N. J. Anderson, and S. F. Biggar, “On-orbit radiometric calibration of Earth-observing sensors using the Radiometric Calibration Test Site (RadCaTS),” Proc. SPIE 8390, 83902B (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Czapla-Myers, K. J. Thome, and S. F. Biggar, “Design, calibration, and characterization of a field radiometer using light-emitting diodes as detectors,” Appl. Opt. 47, 6753–6762 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Anderson, K. J. Thome, S. F. Biggar, and J. S. Czapla-Myers, “Design and validation of a transfer radiometer,” Proc. SPIE 7081, 708104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Thome, K. Arai, S. Tsuchida, and S. F. Biggar, “Vicarious calibration of ASTER via the reflectance-based approach,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46, 3285–3295 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Biggar, K. J. Thome, R. B. Lockwood, and S. Miller, “VNIR transfer radiometer for validation of calibration sources for hyperspectral sensors,” Proc. SPIE 6677, 66770W (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Anderson, S. F. Biggar, K. J. Thome, and N. P. Leisso, “Solar radiation-based calibration of laboratory grade radiometers,” Proc. SPIE 6677, 66770X (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, J. M. Palmer, and K. J. Thome, “Unified approach to absolute radiometric calibration in the solar-reflective range,” Remote Sens. Environ. 77, 293–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Biggar, K. J. Thome, P. R. Spyak, and E. F. Zalewski, “Solar-radiation based calibration in the range 740 to 2400 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3870, 228–233 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Biggar, “Calibration of a visible and near-infrared portable transfer radiometer,” Metrologia 35, 701–706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Biggar, P. N. Slater, K. J. Thome, A. H. Holmes, and R. A. Barnes, “Preflight solar-based calibration of SeaWiFS,” Proc. SPIE 1939, 233–242 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Biggar, J. Labed, R. P. Santer, P. N. Slater, R. D. Jackson, and M. S. Moran, “Laboratory calibration of field reflectance panels,” Proc. SPIE 924, 232–240 (1988).

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, M. S. Moran, J. M. Palmer, and B. Yuan, “Reflectance-and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors,” Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11–37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Thome, S. F. Biggar, N. Anderson, J. Czapla-Myers, R. B. Lockwood, S. J. Miller, T. W. Cooley, T. G. Chrien, S. J. Schiller, J. F. Silny, and M. A. Glennon, “Preflight and vicarious calibration of Artemis,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2008) (IEEE, 2008), Vol. 1, pp. I-249–I-252.

Brooks, D. R.

D. R. Brooks and F. M. Mims, “Development of an inexpensive handheld LED-based Sun photometer for the GLOBE program,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 4733–4740 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brownlee, M. R.

K. P. Scott, K. J. Thome, and M. R. Brownlee, “Evaluation of the Railroad Valley Playa for use in vicarious calibration,” Proc. SPIE 2818, 158–166 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Buchanan, J. H.

J. S. Czapla-Myers, K. J. Thome, B. R. Cocilovo, J. T. McCorkel, and J. H. Buchanan, “Temporal, spectral, and spatial study of the automated vicarious calibration test site at Railroad Valley, Nevada,” Proc. SPIE 7081, 70810I (2008).
[CrossRef]

Buis, J. P.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Janjowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Burkhart, C. J.

P. R. Spyak, D. S. Smith, J. Thiry, and C. J. Burkhart, “Short-wave infrared transfer radiometer for the calibration of the Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer and the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer,” App. Opt. 39, 5694–5706 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Butler, J. J.

J. J. Butler, S. J. Janz, B. C. Johnson, R. D. Saunders, J. W. Cooper, M. G. Kowalewski, and R. A. Barnes, “Calibration of a radiance standard for the NPP/OMPS instrument,” Proc. SPIE 7106, 71060Z (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Butler and R. A. Barnes, “Calibration strategy for the Earth Observing System (EOS)-AM1 platform,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1056–1061 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chrien, T. G.

K. J. Thome, S. F. Biggar, N. Anderson, J. Czapla-Myers, R. B. Lockwood, S. J. Miller, T. W. Cooley, T. G. Chrien, S. J. Schiller, J. F. Silny, and M. A. Glennon, “Preflight and vicarious calibration of Artemis,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2008) (IEEE, 2008), Vol. 1, pp. I-249–I-252.

Cocilovo, B. R.

J. S. Czapla-Myers, K. J. Thome, B. R. Cocilovo, J. T. McCorkel, and J. H. Buchanan, “Temporal, spectral, and spatial study of the automated vicarious calibration test site at Railroad Valley, Nevada,” Proc. SPIE 7081, 70810I (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cooley, T. W.

K. J. Thome, S. F. Biggar, N. Anderson, J. Czapla-Myers, R. B. Lockwood, S. J. Miller, T. W. Cooley, T. G. Chrien, S. J. Schiller, J. F. Silny, and M. A. Glennon, “Preflight and vicarious calibration of Artemis,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2008) (IEEE, 2008), Vol. 1, pp. I-249–I-252.

Cooper, J. W.

J. J. Butler, S. J. Janz, B. C. Johnson, R. D. Saunders, J. W. Cooper, M. G. Kowalewski, and R. A. Barnes, “Calibration of a radiance standard for the NPP/OMPS instrument,” Proc. SPIE 7106, 71060Z (2008).
[CrossRef]

Czapla-Myers, J.

D. Helder, K. Thome, D. Aaron, L. Leigh, J. Czapla-Myers, N. Leisso, S. Biggar, and N. Anderson, “Recent surface reflectance measurement campaigns with emphasis on best practices, SI traceability and uncertainty estimation,” Metrologia 49, S21–S28 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Thome, S. F. Biggar, N. Anderson, J. Czapla-Myers, R. B. Lockwood, S. J. Miller, T. W. Cooley, T. G. Chrien, S. J. Schiller, J. F. Silny, and M. A. Glennon, “Preflight and vicarious calibration of Artemis,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2008) (IEEE, 2008), Vol. 1, pp. I-249–I-252.

Czapla-Myers, J. S.

J. S. Czapla-Myers, N. P. Leisso, N. J. Anderson, and S. F. Biggar, “On-orbit radiometric calibration of Earth-observing sensors using the Radiometric Calibration Test Site (RadCaTS),” Proc. SPIE 8390, 83902B (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Markham, M. O. Haque, J. A. Barsi, E. Micijevic, D. L. Helder, K. J. Thome, D. Aaron, and J. S. Czapla-Myers, “Landsat-7 ETM+: 12 years on-orbit reflective-band radiometric performance,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 50, 2056–2062 (2012).

J. S. Czapla-Myers, K. J. Thome, and N. P. Leisso, “Radiometric calibration of earth-observing sensors using an automated test site at Railroad Valley, Nevada,” Can. J. Remote Sens. 36, 474–487 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Anderson, K. J. Thome, S. F. Biggar, and J. S. Czapla-Myers, “Design and validation of a transfer radiometer,” Proc. SPIE 7081, 708104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Czapla-Myers, K. J. Thome, and S. F. Biggar, “Design, calibration, and characterization of a field radiometer using light-emitting diodes as detectors,” Appl. Opt. 47, 6753–6762 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Czapla-Myers, K. J. Thome, B. R. Cocilovo, J. T. McCorkel, and J. H. Buchanan, “Temporal, spectral, and spatial study of the automated vicarious calibration test site at Railroad Valley, Nevada,” Proc. SPIE 7081, 70810I (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dangel, S.

G. Schaepman-Strub, M. E. Schaepman, T. H. Painter, S. Dangel, and J. V. Martonchik, “Reflectance quantities in optical remote sensing—definitions and case studies,” Remote Sens. Environ. 103, 27–42 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eck, T. F.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Janjowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ehsani, A. R.

A. R. Ehsani, J. A. Reagan, and W. H. Erxleben, “Design and performance analysis of an automated 10-channel solar radiometer instrument,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 697–707 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Erxleben, W. H.

A. R. Ehsani, J. A. Reagan, and W. H. Erxleben, “Design and performance analysis of an automated 10-channel solar radiometer instrument,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 697–707 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fox, N.

N. Fox, A. Kaiser-Weiss, W. Schmutz, K. Thome, D. Young, B. Wielicki, R. Winkler, and E. Woolliams, “Accurate radiometry from space: an essential tool for climate studies,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. 369, 4028–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Glennon, M. A.

K. J. Thome, S. F. Biggar, N. Anderson, J. Czapla-Myers, R. B. Lockwood, S. J. Miller, T. W. Cooley, T. G. Chrien, S. J. Schiller, J. F. Silny, and M. A. Glennon, “Preflight and vicarious calibration of Artemis,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2008) (IEEE, 2008), Vol. 1, pp. I-249–I-252.

Gossage, B.

A. Berk, P. Acharya, G. Anderson, and B. Gossage, “Recent developments in the MODTRAN atmospheric model and implications for hyperspectral compensation,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2009) (IEEE, 2009), Vol. 2, pp. II-262–II-265.

Haque, M. O.

B. L. Markham, M. O. Haque, J. A. Barsi, E. Micijevic, D. L. Helder, K. J. Thome, D. Aaron, and J. S. Czapla-Myers, “Landsat-7 ETM+: 12 years on-orbit reflective-band radiometric performance,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 50, 2056–2062 (2012).

Helder, D.

D. Helder, K. Thome, D. Aaron, L. Leigh, J. Czapla-Myers, N. Leisso, S. Biggar, and N. Anderson, “Recent surface reflectance measurement campaigns with emphasis on best practices, SI traceability and uncertainty estimation,” Metrologia 49, S21–S28 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Helder, D. L.

B. L. Markham, M. O. Haque, J. A. Barsi, E. Micijevic, D. L. Helder, K. J. Thome, D. Aaron, and J. S. Czapla-Myers, “Landsat-7 ETM+: 12 years on-orbit reflective-band radiometric performance,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 50, 2056–2062 (2012).

Holben, B. N.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Janjowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Holm, R. G.

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, M. S. Moran, J. M. Palmer, and B. Yuan, “Reflectance-and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors,” Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11–37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Holmes, A. H.

S. F. Biggar, P. N. Slater, K. J. Thome, A. H. Holmes, and R. A. Barnes, “Preflight solar-based calibration of SeaWiFS,” Proc. SPIE 1939, 233–242 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Itami, S.

E. Miyazaki, S. Itami, and T. Araki, “Using a light-emitting diode as a high-speed, wavelength selective photodetector,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3751–3754 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, J. K.

J. H. Walker, R. D. Saunders, J. K. Jackson, and D. A. McSparron, “NBS measurement services: spectral irradiance calibrations,” (National Institute of Standards and Technology, 1987).

Jackson, R. D.

S. F. Biggar, J. Labed, R. P. Santer, P. N. Slater, R. D. Jackson, and M. S. Moran, “Laboratory calibration of field reflectance panels,” Proc. SPIE 924, 232–240 (1988).

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, M. S. Moran, J. M. Palmer, and B. Yuan, “Reflectance-and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors,” Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11–37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Janjowiak, I.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Janjowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Janz, S. J.

J. J. Butler, S. J. Janz, B. C. Johnson, R. D. Saunders, J. W. Cooper, M. G. Kowalewski, and R. A. Barnes, “Calibration of a radiance standard for the NPP/OMPS instrument,” Proc. SPIE 7106, 71060Z (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jayaraman, A.

Johnson, B. C.

J. J. Butler, S. J. Janz, B. C. Johnson, R. D. Saunders, J. W. Cooper, M. G. Kowalewski, and R. A. Barnes, “Calibration of a radiance standard for the NPP/OMPS instrument,” Proc. SPIE 7106, 71060Z (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser-Weiss, A.

N. Fox, A. Kaiser-Weiss, W. Schmutz, K. Thome, D. Young, B. Wielicki, R. Winkler, and E. Woolliams, “Accurate radiometry from space: an essential tool for climate studies,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. 369, 4028–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kasten, F.

Kaufman, Y. J.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Janjowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kowalewski, M. G.

J. J. Butler, S. J. Janz, B. C. Johnson, R. D. Saunders, J. W. Cooper, M. G. Kowalewski, and R. A. Barnes, “Calibration of a radiance standard for the NPP/OMPS instrument,” Proc. SPIE 7106, 71060Z (2008).
[CrossRef]

Labed, J.

S. F. Biggar, J. Labed, R. P. Santer, P. N. Slater, R. D. Jackson, and M. S. Moran, “Laboratory calibration of field reflectance panels,” Proc. SPIE 924, 232–240 (1988).

Lavenu, F.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Janjowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Leigh, L.

D. Helder, K. Thome, D. Aaron, L. Leigh, J. Czapla-Myers, N. Leisso, S. Biggar, and N. Anderson, “Recent surface reflectance measurement campaigns with emphasis on best practices, SI traceability and uncertainty estimation,” Metrologia 49, S21–S28 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Leisso, N.

D. Helder, K. Thome, D. Aaron, L. Leigh, J. Czapla-Myers, N. Leisso, S. Biggar, and N. Anderson, “Recent surface reflectance measurement campaigns with emphasis on best practices, SI traceability and uncertainty estimation,” Metrologia 49, S21–S28 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Leisso, N. P.

J. S. Czapla-Myers, N. P. Leisso, N. J. Anderson, and S. F. Biggar, “On-orbit radiometric calibration of Earth-observing sensors using the Radiometric Calibration Test Site (RadCaTS),” Proc. SPIE 8390, 83902B (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Czapla-Myers, K. J. Thome, and N. P. Leisso, “Radiometric calibration of earth-observing sensors using an automated test site at Railroad Valley, Nevada,” Can. J. Remote Sens. 36, 474–487 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Anderson, S. F. Biggar, K. J. Thome, and N. P. Leisso, “Solar radiation-based calibration of laboratory grade radiometers,” Proc. SPIE 6677, 66770X (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lockwood, R. B.

S. F. Biggar, K. J. Thome, R. B. Lockwood, and S. Miller, “VNIR transfer radiometer for validation of calibration sources for hyperspectral sensors,” Proc. SPIE 6677, 66770W (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Thome, S. F. Biggar, N. Anderson, J. Czapla-Myers, R. B. Lockwood, S. J. Miller, T. W. Cooley, T. G. Chrien, S. J. Schiller, J. F. Silny, and M. A. Glennon, “Preflight and vicarious calibration of Artemis,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2008) (IEEE, 2008), Vol. 1, pp. I-249–I-252.

Mao, Y.

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, M. S. Moran, J. M. Palmer, and B. Yuan, “Reflectance-and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors,” Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11–37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Markham, B. L.

B. L. Markham, M. O. Haque, J. A. Barsi, E. Micijevic, D. L. Helder, K. J. Thome, D. Aaron, and J. S. Czapla-Myers, “Landsat-7 ETM+: 12 years on-orbit reflective-band radiometric performance,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 50, 2056–2062 (2012).

Martonchik, J. V.

G. Schaepman-Strub, M. E. Schaepman, T. H. Painter, S. Dangel, and J. V. Martonchik, “Reflectance quantities in optical remote sensing—definitions and case studies,” Remote Sens. Environ. 103, 27–42 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McCorkel, J. T.

J. S. Czapla-Myers, K. J. Thome, B. R. Cocilovo, J. T. McCorkel, and J. H. Buchanan, “Temporal, spectral, and spatial study of the automated vicarious calibration test site at Railroad Valley, Nevada,” Proc. SPIE 7081, 70810I (2008).
[CrossRef]

McSparron, D. A.

J. H. Walker, R. D. Saunders, J. K. Jackson, and D. A. McSparron, “NBS measurement services: spectral irradiance calibrations,” (National Institute of Standards and Technology, 1987).

Micijevic, E.

B. L. Markham, M. O. Haque, J. A. Barsi, E. Micijevic, D. L. Helder, K. J. Thome, D. Aaron, and J. S. Czapla-Myers, “Landsat-7 ETM+: 12 years on-orbit reflective-band radiometric performance,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 50, 2056–2062 (2012).

Miller, S.

S. F. Biggar, K. J. Thome, R. B. Lockwood, and S. Miller, “VNIR transfer radiometer for validation of calibration sources for hyperspectral sensors,” Proc. SPIE 6677, 66770W (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miller, S. J.

K. J. Thome, S. F. Biggar, N. Anderson, J. Czapla-Myers, R. B. Lockwood, S. J. Miller, T. W. Cooley, T. G. Chrien, S. J. Schiller, J. F. Silny, and M. A. Glennon, “Preflight and vicarious calibration of Artemis,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2008) (IEEE, 2008), Vol. 1, pp. I-249–I-252.

Mims, F. M.

F. M. Mims, “An inexpensive and stable LED Sun photometer for measuring the water vapor column over South Texas from 1990 to 2001,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 20.1–20.4 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Brooks and F. M. Mims, “Development of an inexpensive handheld LED-based Sun photometer for the GLOBE program,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 4733–4740 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Mims, “Sun photometer with light-emitting diodes as spectrally selective detectors,” Appl. Opt. 31, 6965–6967(1992).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, E.

E. Miyazaki, S. Itami, and T. Araki, “Using a light-emitting diode as a high-speed, wavelength selective photodetector,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3751–3754 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Moran, M. S.

S. F. Biggar, J. Labed, R. P. Santer, P. N. Slater, R. D. Jackson, and M. S. Moran, “Laboratory calibration of field reflectance panels,” Proc. SPIE 924, 232–240 (1988).

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, M. S. Moran, J. M. Palmer, and B. Yuan, “Reflectance-and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors,” Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11–37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, T.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Janjowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Painter, T. H.

G. Schaepman-Strub, M. E. Schaepman, T. H. Painter, S. Dangel, and J. V. Martonchik, “Reflectance quantities in optical remote sensing—definitions and case studies,” Remote Sens. Environ. 103, 27–42 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Palmer, J. M.

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, J. M. Palmer, and K. J. Thome, “Unified approach to absolute radiometric calibration in the solar-reflective range,” Remote Sens. Environ. 77, 293–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, M. S. Moran, J. M. Palmer, and B. Yuan, “Reflectance-and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors,” Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11–37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ramachandran, S.

Reagan, J. A.

A. R. Ehsani, J. A. Reagan, and W. H. Erxleben, “Design and performance analysis of an automated 10-channel solar radiometer instrument,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 697–707 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Janjowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Santer, R. P.

S. F. Biggar, J. Labed, R. P. Santer, P. N. Slater, R. D. Jackson, and M. S. Moran, “Laboratory calibration of field reflectance panels,” Proc. SPIE 924, 232–240 (1988).

Saunders, R. D.

J. J. Butler, S. J. Janz, B. C. Johnson, R. D. Saunders, J. W. Cooper, M. G. Kowalewski, and R. A. Barnes, “Calibration of a radiance standard for the NPP/OMPS instrument,” Proc. SPIE 7106, 71060Z (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Walker, R. D. Saunders, J. K. Jackson, and D. A. McSparron, “NBS measurement services: spectral irradiance calibrations,” (National Institute of Standards and Technology, 1987).

Schaepman, M. E.

G. Schaepman-Strub, M. E. Schaepman, T. H. Painter, S. Dangel, and J. V. Martonchik, “Reflectance quantities in optical remote sensing—definitions and case studies,” Remote Sens. Environ. 103, 27–42 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schaepman-Strub, G.

G. Schaepman-Strub, M. E. Schaepman, T. H. Painter, S. Dangel, and J. V. Martonchik, “Reflectance quantities in optical remote sensing—definitions and case studies,” Remote Sens. Environ. 103, 27–42 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schiller, S. J.

K. J. Thome, S. F. Biggar, N. Anderson, J. Czapla-Myers, R. B. Lockwood, S. J. Miller, T. W. Cooley, T. G. Chrien, S. J. Schiller, J. F. Silny, and M. A. Glennon, “Preflight and vicarious calibration of Artemis,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2008) (IEEE, 2008), Vol. 1, pp. I-249–I-252.

Schmutz, W.

N. Fox, A. Kaiser-Weiss, W. Schmutz, K. Thome, D. Young, B. Wielicki, R. Winkler, and E. Woolliams, “Accurate radiometry from space: an essential tool for climate studies,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. 369, 4028–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Scott, K.

K. J. Thome, N. Smith, and K. Scott, “Vicarious calibration of MODIS using Railroad Valley Playa,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2001) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 3, pp. 1209–1211.

Scott, K. P.

K. P. Scott, K. J. Thome, and M. R. Brownlee, “Evaluation of the Railroad Valley Playa for use in vicarious calibration,” Proc. SPIE 2818, 158–166 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Setzer, A.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Janjowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Silny, J. F.

K. J. Thome, S. F. Biggar, N. Anderson, J. Czapla-Myers, R. B. Lockwood, S. J. Miller, T. W. Cooley, T. G. Chrien, S. J. Schiller, J. F. Silny, and M. A. Glennon, “Preflight and vicarious calibration of Artemis,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2008) (IEEE, 2008), Vol. 1, pp. I-249–I-252.

Slater, P. N.

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, J. M. Palmer, and K. J. Thome, “Unified approach to absolute radiometric calibration in the solar-reflective range,” Remote Sens. Environ. 77, 293–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Biggar, P. N. Slater, K. J. Thome, A. H. Holmes, and R. A. Barnes, “Preflight solar-based calibration of SeaWiFS,” Proc. SPIE 1939, 233–242 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Biggar, J. Labed, R. P. Santer, P. N. Slater, R. D. Jackson, and M. S. Moran, “Laboratory calibration of field reflectance panels,” Proc. SPIE 924, 232–240 (1988).

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, M. S. Moran, J. M. Palmer, and B. Yuan, “Reflectance-and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors,” Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11–37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Slutsker, I.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Janjowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, A.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Janjowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. S.

P. R. Spyak, D. S. Smith, J. Thiry, and C. J. Burkhart, “Short-wave infrared transfer radiometer for the calibration of the Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer and the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer,” App. Opt. 39, 5694–5706 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Smith, N.

K. J. Thome, N. Smith, and K. Scott, “Vicarious calibration of MODIS using Railroad Valley Playa,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2001) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 3, pp. 1209–1211.

Smith, W. J.

W. J. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2000).

Spyak, P. R.

P. R. Spyak, D. S. Smith, J. Thiry, and C. J. Burkhart, “Short-wave infrared transfer radiometer for the calibration of the Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer and the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer,” App. Opt. 39, 5694–5706 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Biggar, K. J. Thome, P. R. Spyak, and E. F. Zalewski, “Solar-radiation based calibration in the range 740 to 2400 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3870, 228–233 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Subbaraya, B. H.

Tanré, D.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Janjowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Thiry, J.

P. R. Spyak, D. S. Smith, J. Thiry, and C. J. Burkhart, “Short-wave infrared transfer radiometer for the calibration of the Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer and the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer,” App. Opt. 39, 5694–5706 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Thome, K.

D. Helder, K. Thome, D. Aaron, L. Leigh, J. Czapla-Myers, N. Leisso, S. Biggar, and N. Anderson, “Recent surface reflectance measurement campaigns with emphasis on best practices, SI traceability and uncertainty estimation,” Metrologia 49, S21–S28 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Fox, A. Kaiser-Weiss, W. Schmutz, K. Thome, D. Young, B. Wielicki, R. Winkler, and E. Woolliams, “Accurate radiometry from space: an essential tool for climate studies,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. 369, 4028–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Thome, K. J.

B. L. Markham, M. O. Haque, J. A. Barsi, E. Micijevic, D. L. Helder, K. J. Thome, D. Aaron, and J. S. Czapla-Myers, “Landsat-7 ETM+: 12 years on-orbit reflective-band radiometric performance,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 50, 2056–2062 (2012).

J. S. Czapla-Myers, K. J. Thome, and N. P. Leisso, “Radiometric calibration of earth-observing sensors using an automated test site at Railroad Valley, Nevada,” Can. J. Remote Sens. 36, 474–487 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Thome, K. Arai, S. Tsuchida, and S. F. Biggar, “Vicarious calibration of ASTER via the reflectance-based approach,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46, 3285–3295 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Anderson, K. J. Thome, S. F. Biggar, and J. S. Czapla-Myers, “Design and validation of a transfer radiometer,” Proc. SPIE 7081, 708104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Czapla-Myers, K. J. Thome, and S. F. Biggar, “Design, calibration, and characterization of a field radiometer using light-emitting diodes as detectors,” Appl. Opt. 47, 6753–6762 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Czapla-Myers, K. J. Thome, B. R. Cocilovo, J. T. McCorkel, and J. H. Buchanan, “Temporal, spectral, and spatial study of the automated vicarious calibration test site at Railroad Valley, Nevada,” Proc. SPIE 7081, 70810I (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Anderson, S. F. Biggar, K. J. Thome, and N. P. Leisso, “Solar radiation-based calibration of laboratory grade radiometers,” Proc. SPIE 6677, 66770X (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Biggar, K. J. Thome, R. B. Lockwood, and S. Miller, “VNIR transfer radiometer for validation of calibration sources for hyperspectral sensors,” Proc. SPIE 6677, 66770W (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, J. M. Palmer, and K. J. Thome, “Unified approach to absolute radiometric calibration in the solar-reflective range,” Remote Sens. Environ. 77, 293–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Thome, “Absolute radiometric calibration of Landsat 7 ETM+ using the reflectance-based method,” Remote Sens. Environ. 78, 27–38 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Biggar, K. J. Thome, P. R. Spyak, and E. F. Zalewski, “Solar-radiation based calibration in the range 740 to 2400 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3870, 228–233 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Scott, K. J. Thome, and M. R. Brownlee, “Evaluation of the Railroad Valley Playa for use in vicarious calibration,” Proc. SPIE 2818, 158–166 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Biggar, P. N. Slater, K. J. Thome, A. H. Holmes, and R. A. Barnes, “Preflight solar-based calibration of SeaWiFS,” Proc. SPIE 1939, 233–242 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Thome, N. Smith, and K. Scott, “Vicarious calibration of MODIS using Railroad Valley Playa,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2001) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 3, pp. 1209–1211.

K. J. Thome, S. F. Biggar, N. Anderson, J. Czapla-Myers, R. B. Lockwood, S. J. Miller, T. W. Cooley, T. G. Chrien, S. J. Schiller, J. F. Silny, and M. A. Glennon, “Preflight and vicarious calibration of Artemis,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2008) (IEEE, 2008), Vol. 1, pp. I-249–I-252.

Tsuchida, S.

K. J. Thome, K. Arai, S. Tsuchida, and S. F. Biggar, “Vicarious calibration of ASTER via the reflectance-based approach,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46, 3285–3295 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vermote, E.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Janjowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Walker, J. H.

J. H. Walker, R. D. Saunders, J. K. Jackson, and D. A. McSparron, “NBS measurement services: spectral irradiance calibrations,” (National Institute of Standards and Technology, 1987).

Wielicki, B.

N. Fox, A. Kaiser-Weiss, W. Schmutz, K. Thome, D. Young, B. Wielicki, R. Winkler, and E. Woolliams, “Accurate radiometry from space: an essential tool for climate studies,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. 369, 4028–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Winkler, R.

N. Fox, A. Kaiser-Weiss, W. Schmutz, K. Thome, D. Young, B. Wielicki, R. Winkler, and E. Woolliams, “Accurate radiometry from space: an essential tool for climate studies,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. 369, 4028–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Woolliams, E.

N. Fox, A. Kaiser-Weiss, W. Schmutz, K. Thome, D. Young, B. Wielicki, R. Winkler, and E. Woolliams, “Accurate radiometry from space: an essential tool for climate studies,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. 369, 4028–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Young, A. T.

Young, D.

N. Fox, A. Kaiser-Weiss, W. Schmutz, K. Thome, D. Young, B. Wielicki, R. Winkler, and E. Woolliams, “Accurate radiometry from space: an essential tool for climate studies,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. 369, 4028–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, B.

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, M. S. Moran, J. M. Palmer, and B. Yuan, “Reflectance-and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors,” Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11–37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Zalewski, E. F.

S. F. Biggar, K. J. Thome, P. R. Spyak, and E. F. Zalewski, “Solar-radiation based calibration in the range 740 to 2400 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3870, 228–233 (1999).
[CrossRef]

App. Opt.

P. R. Spyak, D. S. Smith, J. Thiry, and C. J. Burkhart, “Short-wave infrared transfer radiometer for the calibration of the Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer and the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer,” App. Opt. 39, 5694–5706 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Can. J. Remote Sens.

J. S. Czapla-Myers, K. J. Thome, and N. P. Leisso, “Radiometric calibration of earth-observing sensors using an automated test site at Railroad Valley, Nevada,” Can. J. Remote Sens. 36, 474–487 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett.

F. M. Mims, “An inexpensive and stable LED Sun photometer for measuring the water vapor column over South Texas from 1990 to 2001,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 20.1–20.4 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.

K. J. Thome, K. Arai, S. Tsuchida, and S. F. Biggar, “Vicarious calibration of ASTER via the reflectance-based approach,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46, 3285–3295 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Markham, M. O. Haque, J. A. Barsi, E. Micijevic, D. L. Helder, K. J. Thome, D. Aaron, and J. S. Czapla-Myers, “Landsat-7 ETM+: 12 years on-orbit reflective-band radiometric performance,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 50, 2056–2062 (2012).

J. J. Butler and R. A. Barnes, “Calibration strategy for the Earth Observing System (EOS)-AM1 platform,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1056–1061 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.

A. R. Ehsani, J. A. Reagan, and W. H. Erxleben, “Design and performance analysis of an automated 10-channel solar radiometer instrument,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 15, 697–707 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res.

D. R. Brooks and F. M. Mims, “Development of an inexpensive handheld LED-based Sun photometer for the GLOBE program,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 4733–4740 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Metrologia

D. Helder, K. Thome, D. Aaron, L. Leigh, J. Czapla-Myers, N. Leisso, S. Biggar, and N. Anderson, “Recent surface reflectance measurement campaigns with emphasis on best practices, SI traceability and uncertainty estimation,” Metrologia 49, S21–S28 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Biggar, “Calibration of a visible and near-infrared portable transfer radiometer,” Metrologia 35, 701–706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Philos. Trans. R. Soc.

N. Fox, A. Kaiser-Weiss, W. Schmutz, K. Thome, D. Young, B. Wielicki, R. Winkler, and E. Woolliams, “Accurate radiometry from space: an essential tool for climate studies,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. 369, 4028–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

J. J. Butler, S. J. Janz, B. C. Johnson, R. D. Saunders, J. W. Cooper, M. G. Kowalewski, and R. A. Barnes, “Calibration of a radiance standard for the NPP/OMPS instrument,” Proc. SPIE 7106, 71060Z (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Anderson, S. F. Biggar, K. J. Thome, and N. P. Leisso, “Solar radiation-based calibration of laboratory grade radiometers,” Proc. SPIE 6677, 66770X (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Biggar, P. N. Slater, K. J. Thome, A. H. Holmes, and R. A. Barnes, “Preflight solar-based calibration of SeaWiFS,” Proc. SPIE 1939, 233–242 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Biggar, K. J. Thome, P. R. Spyak, and E. F. Zalewski, “Solar-radiation based calibration in the range 740 to 2400 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3870, 228–233 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Biggar, J. Labed, R. P. Santer, P. N. Slater, R. D. Jackson, and M. S. Moran, “Laboratory calibration of field reflectance panels,” Proc. SPIE 924, 232–240 (1988).

J. S. Czapla-Myers, K. J. Thome, B. R. Cocilovo, J. T. McCorkel, and J. H. Buchanan, “Temporal, spectral, and spatial study of the automated vicarious calibration test site at Railroad Valley, Nevada,” Proc. SPIE 7081, 70810I (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Biggar, K. J. Thome, R. B. Lockwood, and S. Miller, “VNIR transfer radiometer for validation of calibration sources for hyperspectral sensors,” Proc. SPIE 6677, 66770W (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Anderson, K. J. Thome, S. F. Biggar, and J. S. Czapla-Myers, “Design and validation of a transfer radiometer,” Proc. SPIE 7081, 708104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Scott, K. J. Thome, and M. R. Brownlee, “Evaluation of the Railroad Valley Playa for use in vicarious calibration,” Proc. SPIE 2818, 158–166 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Czapla-Myers, N. P. Leisso, N. J. Anderson, and S. F. Biggar, “On-orbit radiometric calibration of Earth-observing sensors using the Radiometric Calibration Test Site (RadCaTS),” Proc. SPIE 8390, 83902B (2012).
[CrossRef]

Remote Sens. Environ.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Janjowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Schaepman-Strub, M. E. Schaepman, T. H. Painter, S. Dangel, and J. V. Martonchik, “Reflectance quantities in optical remote sensing—definitions and case studies,” Remote Sens. Environ. 103, 27–42 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Thome, “Absolute radiometric calibration of Landsat 7 ETM+ using the reflectance-based method,” Remote Sens. Environ. 78, 27–38 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, M. S. Moran, J. M. Palmer, and B. Yuan, “Reflectance-and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors,” Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11–37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, J. M. Palmer, and K. J. Thome, “Unified approach to absolute radiometric calibration in the solar-reflective range,” Remote Sens. Environ. 77, 293–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

E. Miyazaki, S. Itami, and T. Araki, “Using a light-emitting diode as a high-speed, wavelength selective photodetector,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3751–3754 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other

World Climate Research Program (WCRP) Publication Series No. 7, WMO ITD—No. 149: 119–126 (1986). The data were compiled by C. Wehrli, World Radiation Center (NRC), Davos-Dorf, Switzerland, under WRC publication, No. 615 (1985).

K. J. Thome, S. F. Biggar, N. Anderson, J. Czapla-Myers, R. B. Lockwood, S. J. Miller, T. W. Cooley, T. G. Chrien, S. J. Schiller, J. F. Silny, and M. A. Glennon, “Preflight and vicarious calibration of Artemis,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2008) (IEEE, 2008), Vol. 1, pp. I-249–I-252.

A. Berk, P. Acharya, G. Anderson, and B. Gossage, “Recent developments in the MODTRAN atmospheric model and implications for hyperspectral compensation,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2009) (IEEE, 2009), Vol. 2, pp. II-262–II-265.

J. H. Walker, R. D. Saunders, J. K. Jackson, and D. A. McSparron, “NBS measurement services: spectral irradiance calibrations,” (National Institute of Standards and Technology, 1987).

K. J. Thome, N. Smith, and K. Scott, “Vicarious calibration of MODIS using Railroad Valley Playa,” in Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2001) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 3, pp. 1209–1211.

W. J. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2000).

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Typical spectral reflectance of RRV dry lake. FWHM bandwidth information for LED radiometer channels is depicted as the width of the (yellow) rectangles. The height of the rectangle is arbitrary. ASL, above sea level; SZA, solar zenith angle.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Single GVR module assembly.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

RRV dry lake surface with approximate ground projection of LED FOV (solid circle) and GVR FOV (dashed circle).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

GVR 23 deployed at RRV, Nevada.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Front view of GVR head. The eight modules surround the detector amplifier board and electronics.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Internal GVR mechanical assembly.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Three days of GVR 22 operation during July 2012. Plot includes thermal and power data during clear and cloudy periods.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

GVR system power block diagram.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Ratio of wet and dry RRV dry lake surface reflectance with noted GVR center wavelengths.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

GVR 22 channel 8 laboratory FOV measurements.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

GVR 22 FOV measurements showing results of two opposing tilted channels.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

SRBC of GVR 21 at RRV, Nevada (Nathan Leisso pictured). Nathan is holding the occulting disk used to shade the Spectralon panel during diffuse measurements.

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

GVR and ASD spectrometer (in the foreground on tripod mount with fiber optic exiting to the rear) viewing the SIS during laboratory calibration.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Laboratory SNR Results for GVRs 22 and 23 at Typical SRBC Signal Levels

Tables Icon

Table 2. Laboratory and Field Calibration Results for GVR 23a

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ki=LeλVi.
Vdirect=VglobalVdiffuse.
ki=LeλVdirect.
Leλ=ρπEoλemδλτgascosθ.

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