Abstract

Modern thin-film-transistor-driven twisted nematic (TN) products on the market require thin cell gaps below the value to satisfy the condition of the Gooch–Tarry first minimum in transmission for fast response times and wide viewing angles. For the first time to our knowledge, we have developed a simple experimental method based on a new configuration of out-of-plane cell rotation and analyzed our data by extended Jones matrix method to obtain accurate pretilt angles for such thin TN cells where the well-accepted configuration of the out-of-plane cell rotation method analyzed by Birecki and Kahn [The Physics and Chemistry of Liquid Crystal Devices (1980), p. 115] was insufficient to address.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Lien and R. J. John, “Lateral field effect in twisted nematic cells,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 36, 51–58 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Lien, “Extended Jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2767 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Yeh, “Extended Jones matrix method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 507–513 (1982).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

M. Kawamura, Y. Goto, and S. Sato, “A Two-dimensional pretilt angle distribution measurement of twisted nematic liquid crystal cells using Stokes parameters at plural wavelengths,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 709–714 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

T. Nishioka and T. Kurata, “Novel pretilt angle measurement method for twisted-nematic liquid-crystal cells by apparent retardation measurement,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 6017–6023 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. Lien, “A detailed derivation of extended Jones matrix representation for twisted nematic liquid crystal displays,” Liq. Cryst. 22, 171–175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. Lien and R. J. John, “Lateral field effect in twisted nematic cells,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 36, 51–58 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

A. Lien, “Extended Jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2767 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1977 (1)

T. J. Scheffer and J. Nehring, “Accurate determination of liquid crystal tilt bias angles,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 1783–1792 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

C. H. Gooch and H. A. Tarry, “The optical properties of twisted nematic liquid crystal structures with twist angles ≤90  degrees,” J. Phys. D 8, 1575–1584(1975).
[CrossRef]

Birecki, H.

H. Birecki and F.-J. Kahn, “Accurate optical measurement of small tilt angles in thin twisted nematic layers,” in The Physics and Chemistry of Liquid Crystal Devices, G. J. Sprokel, ed. (Plenum, NY, 1980), p. 115–123.

Chao, Y.-F.

Chou, C.

Gooch, C. H.

C. H. Gooch and H. A. Tarry, “The optical properties of twisted nematic liquid crystal structures with twist angles ≤90  degrees,” J. Phys. D 8, 1575–1584(1975).
[CrossRef]

Goto, Y.

M. Kawamura, Y. Goto, and S. Sato, “A Two-dimensional pretilt angle distribution measurement of twisted nematic liquid crystal cells using Stokes parameters at plural wavelengths,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 709–714 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Han, C.-Y.

Hsieh, C.-H.

John, R. J.

A. Lien and R. J. John, “Lateral field effect in twisted nematic cells,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 36, 51–58 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, F.-J.

H. Birecki and F.-J. Kahn, “Accurate optical measurement of small tilt angles in thin twisted nematic layers,” in The Physics and Chemistry of Liquid Crystal Devices, G. J. Sprokel, ed. (Plenum, NY, 1980), p. 115–123.

Kawamura, M.

M. Kawamura, Y. Goto, and S. Sato, “A Two-dimensional pretilt angle distribution measurement of twisted nematic liquid crystal cells using Stokes parameters at plural wavelengths,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 709–714 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, W.-C.

Kurata, T.

T. Nishioka and T. Kurata, “Novel pretilt angle measurement method for twisted-nematic liquid-crystal cells by apparent retardation measurement,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 6017–6023 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liang, B.-J.

Liao, K.-Y.

Lien, A.

A. Lien, “A detailed derivation of extended Jones matrix representation for twisted nematic liquid crystal displays,” Liq. Cryst. 22, 171–175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Lien and R. J. John, “Lateral field effect in twisted nematic cells,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 36, 51–58 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. Lien, “Extended Jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2767 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Liu, M.-H.

Lo, Y.-L.

Nehring, J.

T. J. Scheffer and J. Nehring, “Accurate determination of liquid crystal tilt bias angles,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 1783–1792 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Nishioka, T.

T. Nishioka and T. Kurata, “Novel pretilt angle measurement method for twisted-nematic liquid-crystal cells by apparent retardation measurement,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 6017–6023 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sato, S.

M. Kawamura, Y. Goto, and S. Sato, “A Two-dimensional pretilt angle distribution measurement of twisted nematic liquid crystal cells using Stokes parameters at plural wavelengths,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 709–714 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Scheffer, T. J.

T. J. Scheffer and J. Nehring, “Accurate determination of liquid crystal tilt bias angles,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 1783–1792 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Tarry, H. A.

C. H. Gooch and H. A. Tarry, “The optical properties of twisted nematic liquid crystal structures with twist angles ≤90  degrees,” J. Phys. D 8, 1575–1584(1975).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, C.-C.

Wei, H.-C.

Yeh, P.

Yu, C.-J.

Yu, T.-C.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Lien, “Extended Jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2767 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IBM J. Res. Dev. (1)

A. Lien and R. J. John, “Lateral field effect in twisted nematic cells,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 36, 51–58 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. J. Scheffer and J. Nehring, “Accurate determination of liquid crystal tilt bias angles,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 1783–1792 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. D (1)

C. H. Gooch and H. A. Tarry, “The optical properties of twisted nematic liquid crystal structures with twist angles ≤90  degrees,” J. Phys. D 8, 1575–1584(1975).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

M. Kawamura, Y. Goto, and S. Sato, “A Two-dimensional pretilt angle distribution measurement of twisted nematic liquid crystal cells using Stokes parameters at plural wavelengths,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 709–714 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Nishioka and T. Kurata, “Novel pretilt angle measurement method for twisted-nematic liquid-crystal cells by apparent retardation measurement,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 6017–6023 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liq. Cryst. (1)

A. Lien, “A detailed derivation of extended Jones matrix representation for twisted nematic liquid crystal displays,” Liq. Cryst. 22, 171–175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Other (1)

H. Birecki and F.-J. Kahn, “Accurate optical measurement of small tilt angles in thin twisted nematic layers,” in The Physics and Chemistry of Liquid Crystal Devices, G. J. Sprokel, ed. (Plenum, NY, 1980), p. 115–123.

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