Abstract

A high-energy single-frequency hundred-microsecond long-pulse solid-state laser is demonstrated, which features an electro-optically modulated seed laser and two-stage double-passed pulse-pumped solid-state laser rod amplifier. Laser output with energy of 180 mJ, repetition rate of 50 Hz, and pulse width of 150 μs is achieved. The laser linewidth is measured to be less than 25.52 kHz by a fiber delay self-heterodyne method. In addition, a closed-loop controlling system is adopted to lock the center wavelength. No relaxation oscillation spikes appear in the pulse temporal profile, which is beneficial for further amplification.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. E. Hovis, J. Edelman, and T. Schum, “Recent progress on single frequency lasers for space and high altitude aircraft applications,” Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710E (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Y. Fan, “Laser beam combining for high-power, high-radiance sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 567–577 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Harrison, A. Finch, and J. H. Flint, “Broad-band rapid tuning of a single-frequency diode-pumped neodymium laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1123–1130 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Takeno, T. Ozeki, and S. Moriwaki, “100 W, single-frequency operation of an injection-locked Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2110–2112 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Frede, B. Schulz, and R. Wilhelm, “Fundamental mode, single-frequency laser amplifier for gravitational wave detectors,” Opt. Express 15, 459–465 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Isyanova and P. F. Moulton, “Single-frequency, 55 W average power, 1 kHz pulse rate Nd:YLF MOPA system,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuD7.
  7. H. Friedman, K. Avicola, and H. Bissinger, “Laser guide-star measurements at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Proc. SPIE 1920, 52–60 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Dekany, V. Velur, H. Petrie, M. Troy, C. Shelton, T. Troung, J. Roberts, G. Brack, T. Trinh, S. Bikkannavar, S. Guiwitz, J. Angione, F. Shi, and E. Kibblewhit, “Laser guide star adaptive optics on the 5.1 meter telescope at palomar observatory,” in AMOS Technical Conference Proceedings (2005), pp. 1–9.
  9. C. Denman, P. Hillman, and G. Moore, “Realization of a 50-watt facility-class sodium guide star pump laser,” Proc. SPIE 5707, 46–49 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Sawruk, I. Lee, and M. Jalali, “System overview of 30 W and 55 W sodium guidestar laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77361Y (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Liu, B. S. Wang, and S. Y. Xie, “High-power narrow-linewidth quasi-CW diode-pumped TEM00 1064 nm Nd:YAGz ring laser,” Appl. Opt. 51, C27–C31 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. J. Yarrow, J. W. Kim, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power, long pulse duration, single-frequency Nd:YVO4 master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 270, 361–367 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. C. Davis, Lasers and Electro-optics: Fundamentals and Engineering (Cambridge University, 1996).
  14. S. Konno, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, “80 W cw TEM00 1064 nm beam generation by use of a laser-diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG rod laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2650–2651 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2010 (1)

N. Sawruk, I. Lee, and M. Jalali, “System overview of 30 W and 55 W sodium guidestar laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77361Y (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

F. E. Hovis, J. Edelman, and T. Schum, “Recent progress on single frequency lasers for space and high altitude aircraft applications,” Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710E (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

M. Frede, B. Schulz, and R. Wilhelm, “Fundamental mode, single-frequency laser amplifier for gravitational wave detectors,” Opt. Express 15, 459–465 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Yarrow, J. W. Kim, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power, long pulse duration, single-frequency Nd:YVO4 master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 270, 361–367 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

K. Takeno, T. Ozeki, and S. Moriwaki, “100 W, single-frequency operation of an injection-locked Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2110–2112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Denman, P. Hillman, and G. Moore, “Realization of a 50-watt facility-class sodium guide star pump laser,” Proc. SPIE 5707, 46–49 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, “Laser beam combining for high-power, high-radiance sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 567–577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. Konno, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, “80 W cw TEM00 1064 nm beam generation by use of a laser-diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG rod laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2650–2651 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

H. Friedman, K. Avicola, and H. Bissinger, “Laser guide-star measurements at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Proc. SPIE 1920, 52–60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

J. Harrison, A. Finch, and J. H. Flint, “Broad-band rapid tuning of a single-frequency diode-pumped neodymium laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1123–1130 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Angione, J.

R. Dekany, V. Velur, H. Petrie, M. Troy, C. Shelton, T. Troung, J. Roberts, G. Brack, T. Trinh, S. Bikkannavar, S. Guiwitz, J. Angione, F. Shi, and E. Kibblewhit, “Laser guide star adaptive optics on the 5.1 meter telescope at palomar observatory,” in AMOS Technical Conference Proceedings (2005), pp. 1–9.

Avicola, K.

H. Friedman, K. Avicola, and H. Bissinger, “Laser guide-star measurements at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Proc. SPIE 1920, 52–60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bikkannavar, S.

R. Dekany, V. Velur, H. Petrie, M. Troy, C. Shelton, T. Troung, J. Roberts, G. Brack, T. Trinh, S. Bikkannavar, S. Guiwitz, J. Angione, F. Shi, and E. Kibblewhit, “Laser guide star adaptive optics on the 5.1 meter telescope at palomar observatory,” in AMOS Technical Conference Proceedings (2005), pp. 1–9.

Bissinger, H.

H. Friedman, K. Avicola, and H. Bissinger, “Laser guide-star measurements at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Proc. SPIE 1920, 52–60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Brack, G.

R. Dekany, V. Velur, H. Petrie, M. Troy, C. Shelton, T. Troung, J. Roberts, G. Brack, T. Trinh, S. Bikkannavar, S. Guiwitz, J. Angione, F. Shi, and E. Kibblewhit, “Laser guide star adaptive optics on the 5.1 meter telescope at palomar observatory,” in AMOS Technical Conference Proceedings (2005), pp. 1–9.

Clarkson, W. A.

M. J. Yarrow, J. W. Kim, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power, long pulse duration, single-frequency Nd:YVO4 master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 270, 361–367 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Davis, C. C.

C. C. Davis, Lasers and Electro-optics: Fundamentals and Engineering (Cambridge University, 1996).

Dekany, R.

R. Dekany, V. Velur, H. Petrie, M. Troy, C. Shelton, T. Troung, J. Roberts, G. Brack, T. Trinh, S. Bikkannavar, S. Guiwitz, J. Angione, F. Shi, and E. Kibblewhit, “Laser guide star adaptive optics on the 5.1 meter telescope at palomar observatory,” in AMOS Technical Conference Proceedings (2005), pp. 1–9.

Denman, C.

C. Denman, P. Hillman, and G. Moore, “Realization of a 50-watt facility-class sodium guide star pump laser,” Proc. SPIE 5707, 46–49 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Edelman, J.

F. E. Hovis, J. Edelman, and T. Schum, “Recent progress on single frequency lasers for space and high altitude aircraft applications,” Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, “Laser beam combining for high-power, high-radiance sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 567–577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Finch, A.

J. Harrison, A. Finch, and J. H. Flint, “Broad-band rapid tuning of a single-frequency diode-pumped neodymium laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1123–1130 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Flint, J. H.

J. Harrison, A. Finch, and J. H. Flint, “Broad-band rapid tuning of a single-frequency diode-pumped neodymium laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1123–1130 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Frede, M.

Friedman, H.

H. Friedman, K. Avicola, and H. Bissinger, “Laser guide-star measurements at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Proc. SPIE 1920, 52–60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fujikawa, S.

S. Konno, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, “80 W cw TEM00 1064 nm beam generation by use of a laser-diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG rod laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2650–2651 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Guiwitz, S.

R. Dekany, V. Velur, H. Petrie, M. Troy, C. Shelton, T. Troung, J. Roberts, G. Brack, T. Trinh, S. Bikkannavar, S. Guiwitz, J. Angione, F. Shi, and E. Kibblewhit, “Laser guide star adaptive optics on the 5.1 meter telescope at palomar observatory,” in AMOS Technical Conference Proceedings (2005), pp. 1–9.

Harrison, J.

J. Harrison, A. Finch, and J. H. Flint, “Broad-band rapid tuning of a single-frequency diode-pumped neodymium laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1123–1130 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hillman, P.

C. Denman, P. Hillman, and G. Moore, “Realization of a 50-watt facility-class sodium guide star pump laser,” Proc. SPIE 5707, 46–49 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hovis, F. E.

F. E. Hovis, J. Edelman, and T. Schum, “Recent progress on single frequency lasers for space and high altitude aircraft applications,” Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Isyanova, Y.

Y. Isyanova and P. F. Moulton, “Single-frequency, 55 W average power, 1 kHz pulse rate Nd:YLF MOPA system,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuD7.

Jalali, M.

N. Sawruk, I. Lee, and M. Jalali, “System overview of 30 W and 55 W sodium guidestar laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77361Y (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kibblewhit, E.

R. Dekany, V. Velur, H. Petrie, M. Troy, C. Shelton, T. Troung, J. Roberts, G. Brack, T. Trinh, S. Bikkannavar, S. Guiwitz, J. Angione, F. Shi, and E. Kibblewhit, “Laser guide star adaptive optics on the 5.1 meter telescope at palomar observatory,” in AMOS Technical Conference Proceedings (2005), pp. 1–9.

Kim, J. W.

M. J. Yarrow, J. W. Kim, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power, long pulse duration, single-frequency Nd:YVO4 master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 270, 361–367 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Konno, S.

S. Konno, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, “80 W cw TEM00 1064 nm beam generation by use of a laser-diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG rod laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2650–2651 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, I.

N. Sawruk, I. Lee, and M. Jalali, “System overview of 30 W and 55 W sodium guidestar laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77361Y (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Moore, G.

C. Denman, P. Hillman, and G. Moore, “Realization of a 50-watt facility-class sodium guide star pump laser,” Proc. SPIE 5707, 46–49 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moriwaki, S.

Moulton, P. F.

Y. Isyanova and P. F. Moulton, “Single-frequency, 55 W average power, 1 kHz pulse rate Nd:YLF MOPA system,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuD7.

Ozeki, T.

Petrie, H.

R. Dekany, V. Velur, H. Petrie, M. Troy, C. Shelton, T. Troung, J. Roberts, G. Brack, T. Trinh, S. Bikkannavar, S. Guiwitz, J. Angione, F. Shi, and E. Kibblewhit, “Laser guide star adaptive optics on the 5.1 meter telescope at palomar observatory,” in AMOS Technical Conference Proceedings (2005), pp. 1–9.

Roberts, J.

R. Dekany, V. Velur, H. Petrie, M. Troy, C. Shelton, T. Troung, J. Roberts, G. Brack, T. Trinh, S. Bikkannavar, S. Guiwitz, J. Angione, F. Shi, and E. Kibblewhit, “Laser guide star adaptive optics on the 5.1 meter telescope at palomar observatory,” in AMOS Technical Conference Proceedings (2005), pp. 1–9.

Sawruk, N.

N. Sawruk, I. Lee, and M. Jalali, “System overview of 30 W and 55 W sodium guidestar laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77361Y (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schulz, B.

Schum, T.

F. E. Hovis, J. Edelman, and T. Schum, “Recent progress on single frequency lasers for space and high altitude aircraft applications,” Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shelton, C.

R. Dekany, V. Velur, H. Petrie, M. Troy, C. Shelton, T. Troung, J. Roberts, G. Brack, T. Trinh, S. Bikkannavar, S. Guiwitz, J. Angione, F. Shi, and E. Kibblewhit, “Laser guide star adaptive optics on the 5.1 meter telescope at palomar observatory,” in AMOS Technical Conference Proceedings (2005), pp. 1–9.

Shi, F.

R. Dekany, V. Velur, H. Petrie, M. Troy, C. Shelton, T. Troung, J. Roberts, G. Brack, T. Trinh, S. Bikkannavar, S. Guiwitz, J. Angione, F. Shi, and E. Kibblewhit, “Laser guide star adaptive optics on the 5.1 meter telescope at palomar observatory,” in AMOS Technical Conference Proceedings (2005), pp. 1–9.

Takeno, K.

Trinh, T.

R. Dekany, V. Velur, H. Petrie, M. Troy, C. Shelton, T. Troung, J. Roberts, G. Brack, T. Trinh, S. Bikkannavar, S. Guiwitz, J. Angione, F. Shi, and E. Kibblewhit, “Laser guide star adaptive optics on the 5.1 meter telescope at palomar observatory,” in AMOS Technical Conference Proceedings (2005), pp. 1–9.

Troung, T.

R. Dekany, V. Velur, H. Petrie, M. Troy, C. Shelton, T. Troung, J. Roberts, G. Brack, T. Trinh, S. Bikkannavar, S. Guiwitz, J. Angione, F. Shi, and E. Kibblewhit, “Laser guide star adaptive optics on the 5.1 meter telescope at palomar observatory,” in AMOS Technical Conference Proceedings (2005), pp. 1–9.

Troy, M.

R. Dekany, V. Velur, H. Petrie, M. Troy, C. Shelton, T. Troung, J. Roberts, G. Brack, T. Trinh, S. Bikkannavar, S. Guiwitz, J. Angione, F. Shi, and E. Kibblewhit, “Laser guide star adaptive optics on the 5.1 meter telescope at palomar observatory,” in AMOS Technical Conference Proceedings (2005), pp. 1–9.

Velur, V.

R. Dekany, V. Velur, H. Petrie, M. Troy, C. Shelton, T. Troung, J. Roberts, G. Brack, T. Trinh, S. Bikkannavar, S. Guiwitz, J. Angione, F. Shi, and E. Kibblewhit, “Laser guide star adaptive optics on the 5.1 meter telescope at palomar observatory,” in AMOS Technical Conference Proceedings (2005), pp. 1–9.

Wang, B. S.

Wilhelm, R.

Xie, S. Y.

Yarrow, M. J.

M. J. Yarrow, J. W. Kim, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power, long pulse duration, single-frequency Nd:YVO4 master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 270, 361–367 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yasui, K.

S. Konno, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, “80 W cw TEM00 1064 nm beam generation by use of a laser-diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG rod laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2650–2651 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Konno, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, “80 W cw TEM00 1064 nm beam generation by use of a laser-diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG rod laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2650–2651 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

T. Y. Fan, “Laser beam combining for high-power, high-radiance sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 567–577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Harrison, A. Finch, and J. H. Flint, “Broad-band rapid tuning of a single-frequency diode-pumped neodymium laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1123–1130 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. J. Yarrow, J. W. Kim, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power, long pulse duration, single-frequency Nd:YVO4 master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 270, 361–367 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (4)

H. Friedman, K. Avicola, and H. Bissinger, “Laser guide-star measurements at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Proc. SPIE 1920, 52–60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Denman, P. Hillman, and G. Moore, “Realization of a 50-watt facility-class sodium guide star pump laser,” Proc. SPIE 5707, 46–49 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Sawruk, I. Lee, and M. Jalali, “System overview of 30 W and 55 W sodium guidestar laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77361Y (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hovis, J. Edelman, and T. Schum, “Recent progress on single frequency lasers for space and high altitude aircraft applications,” Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

C. C. Davis, Lasers and Electro-optics: Fundamentals and Engineering (Cambridge University, 1996).

R. Dekany, V. Velur, H. Petrie, M. Troy, C. Shelton, T. Troung, J. Roberts, G. Brack, T. Trinh, S. Bikkannavar, S. Guiwitz, J. Angione, F. Shi, and E. Kibblewhit, “Laser guide star adaptive optics on the 5.1 meter telescope at palomar observatory,” in AMOS Technical Conference Proceedings (2005), pp. 1–9.

Y. Isyanova and P. F. Moulton, “Single-frequency, 55 W average power, 1 kHz pulse rate Nd:YLF MOPA system,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuD7.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the single-frequency long-pulse MOPA laser system. ISO, isolator; HW, half-wave plate; P, polarizer; EOM, electro-optical modulator; CL, compensation lens; QW, quarter-wave plate; TR, totally reflecting mirror; QR, 90° quartz rotator.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Low-voltage EOM. P, polarizer; QW, quarter-wave plate; L, LiNbO3 crystal.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Temporal profile of the laser pulses after the two-stage amplifiers (Δt=110μs).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temporal profile of the laser pulse after the two-stage amplifier with different time delays: (a) Δt=0, (b) Δt=40μs, (c) Δt=140μs, and (d) Δt=220μs.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Pulse laser output energies at different pump energies.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Measurement of beam quality.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Measurement result of linewidth.

Equations (1)

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Vλ/4=λd2(ne3r33no3r13)L,

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