Abstract

A range of natural and artificial textiles are examined using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy. Different types of textiles are shown to have different terahertz optical properties, which may be employed for textile identification and to combat textile counterfeiting.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. E. Bjarnason, T. L. J. Chan, A. W. M. Lee, M. A. Celis, and E. R. Brown, “Millimeter-wave, terahertz, and mid-infrared transmission through common clothing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 519–521 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. I. Dunayevskiy, B. Bortnik, K. Geary, R. Lombardo, M. Jack, and H. Fetterman, “Millimeter- and submillimeter-wave characterization of various fabrics,” Appl. Opt. 46, 6161–6165 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. R. Fletcher, G. P. Swift, D. C. Dai, J. A. Levitt, and J. M. Chamberlain, “Propagation of terahertz radiation through random structures: an alternative theoretical approach and experimental validation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 013102 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Gerth, A. Brahm, V. Reichmann, and G. Nothi, “Investigation of spectral properties of textile,” in 37th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1 (2012), pp. 23–28.
  5. A. J. Gatesman, A. Danylov, T. M. Goyette, J. C. Dickinson, R. H. Giles, W. Goodhue, J. Waldman, W. Nixon, and W. Hoen, “Terahertz behaviour of optical components and common materials,” Proc. SPIE 6212, 62120E (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Q. Li, J. X. Gong, J. F. Zhang, C. L. Wang, and Z. Tian, “Sensing textile fibers by THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Adv. Mater. Res. 298, 153–156 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Yan, B. Yang, and Z. Yu, “Terahertz time domain spectroscopy for the identification of cellulosic fibers with similar chemical composition,” Anal. Lett. 46, 946–958 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Tong, B. Cao, L. Cai, and Z. Tong, “Identification of textile fibers by terahertz time domain spectroscopy,” 2012 Symposium on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO), 1 (2012), pp. 21–23.
  9. T. Kurabayashi, N. Kikuchi, T. Tanno, and M. Watanabe, “Significance of terahertz spectrometry for textile article of wool,” in 34th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1 (2009), pp. 21–25.
  10. T. Kurabayashi, F. Saitoh, N. Watanabe, and T. Tanno, “Identification of textile fiber by terahertz spectroscopy,” in 35th International Conference on Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1(2010), pp. 5–10.
  11. T. Kurabayashi, K. Suzuki, S. Yodokawa, S. Kosaka, and K. Ando, “Identification of cellulosic fiber by terahertz spectroscopy,” in 37th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1 (2012), pp. 23–28.

2013 (1)

C. Yan, B. Yang, and Z. Yu, “Terahertz time domain spectroscopy for the identification of cellulosic fibers with similar chemical composition,” Anal. Lett. 46, 946–958 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

H. Q. Li, J. X. Gong, J. F. Zhang, C. L. Wang, and Z. Tian, “Sensing textile fibers by THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Adv. Mater. Res. 298, 153–156 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

I. Dunayevskiy, B. Bortnik, K. Geary, R. Lombardo, M. Jack, and H. Fetterman, “Millimeter- and submillimeter-wave characterization of various fabrics,” Appl. Opt. 46, 6161–6165 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Fletcher, G. P. Swift, D. C. Dai, J. A. Levitt, and J. M. Chamberlain, “Propagation of terahertz radiation through random structures: an alternative theoretical approach and experimental validation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 013102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

A. J. Gatesman, A. Danylov, T. M. Goyette, J. C. Dickinson, R. H. Giles, W. Goodhue, J. Waldman, W. Nixon, and W. Hoen, “Terahertz behaviour of optical components and common materials,” Proc. SPIE 6212, 62120E (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. E. Bjarnason, T. L. J. Chan, A. W. M. Lee, M. A. Celis, and E. R. Brown, “Millimeter-wave, terahertz, and mid-infrared transmission through common clothing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 519–521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ando, K.

T. Kurabayashi, K. Suzuki, S. Yodokawa, S. Kosaka, and K. Ando, “Identification of cellulosic fiber by terahertz spectroscopy,” in 37th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1 (2012), pp. 23–28.

Bjarnason, J. E.

J. E. Bjarnason, T. L. J. Chan, A. W. M. Lee, M. A. Celis, and E. R. Brown, “Millimeter-wave, terahertz, and mid-infrared transmission through common clothing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 519–521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bortnik, B.

Brahm, A.

C. Gerth, A. Brahm, V. Reichmann, and G. Nothi, “Investigation of spectral properties of textile,” in 37th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1 (2012), pp. 23–28.

Brown, E. R.

J. E. Bjarnason, T. L. J. Chan, A. W. M. Lee, M. A. Celis, and E. R. Brown, “Millimeter-wave, terahertz, and mid-infrared transmission through common clothing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 519–521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cai, L.

M. Tong, B. Cao, L. Cai, and Z. Tong, “Identification of textile fibers by terahertz time domain spectroscopy,” 2012 Symposium on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO), 1 (2012), pp. 21–23.

Cao, B.

M. Tong, B. Cao, L. Cai, and Z. Tong, “Identification of textile fibers by terahertz time domain spectroscopy,” 2012 Symposium on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO), 1 (2012), pp. 21–23.

Celis, M. A.

J. E. Bjarnason, T. L. J. Chan, A. W. M. Lee, M. A. Celis, and E. R. Brown, “Millimeter-wave, terahertz, and mid-infrared transmission through common clothing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 519–521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chamberlain, J. M.

J. R. Fletcher, G. P. Swift, D. C. Dai, J. A. Levitt, and J. M. Chamberlain, “Propagation of terahertz radiation through random structures: an alternative theoretical approach and experimental validation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 013102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chan, T. L. J.

J. E. Bjarnason, T. L. J. Chan, A. W. M. Lee, M. A. Celis, and E. R. Brown, “Millimeter-wave, terahertz, and mid-infrared transmission through common clothing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 519–521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dai, D. C.

J. R. Fletcher, G. P. Swift, D. C. Dai, J. A. Levitt, and J. M. Chamberlain, “Propagation of terahertz radiation through random structures: an alternative theoretical approach and experimental validation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 013102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Danylov, A.

A. J. Gatesman, A. Danylov, T. M. Goyette, J. C. Dickinson, R. H. Giles, W. Goodhue, J. Waldman, W. Nixon, and W. Hoen, “Terahertz behaviour of optical components and common materials,” Proc. SPIE 6212, 62120E (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dickinson, J. C.

A. J. Gatesman, A. Danylov, T. M. Goyette, J. C. Dickinson, R. H. Giles, W. Goodhue, J. Waldman, W. Nixon, and W. Hoen, “Terahertz behaviour of optical components and common materials,” Proc. SPIE 6212, 62120E (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dunayevskiy, I.

Fetterman, H.

Fletcher, J. R.

J. R. Fletcher, G. P. Swift, D. C. Dai, J. A. Levitt, and J. M. Chamberlain, “Propagation of terahertz radiation through random structures: an alternative theoretical approach and experimental validation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 013102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gatesman, A. J.

A. J. Gatesman, A. Danylov, T. M. Goyette, J. C. Dickinson, R. H. Giles, W. Goodhue, J. Waldman, W. Nixon, and W. Hoen, “Terahertz behaviour of optical components and common materials,” Proc. SPIE 6212, 62120E (2006).
[CrossRef]

Geary, K.

Gerth, C.

C. Gerth, A. Brahm, V. Reichmann, and G. Nothi, “Investigation of spectral properties of textile,” in 37th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1 (2012), pp. 23–28.

Giles, R. H.

A. J. Gatesman, A. Danylov, T. M. Goyette, J. C. Dickinson, R. H. Giles, W. Goodhue, J. Waldman, W. Nixon, and W. Hoen, “Terahertz behaviour of optical components and common materials,” Proc. SPIE 6212, 62120E (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gong, J. X.

H. Q. Li, J. X. Gong, J. F. Zhang, C. L. Wang, and Z. Tian, “Sensing textile fibers by THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Adv. Mater. Res. 298, 153–156 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Goodhue, W.

A. J. Gatesman, A. Danylov, T. M. Goyette, J. C. Dickinson, R. H. Giles, W. Goodhue, J. Waldman, W. Nixon, and W. Hoen, “Terahertz behaviour of optical components and common materials,” Proc. SPIE 6212, 62120E (2006).
[CrossRef]

Goyette, T. M.

A. J. Gatesman, A. Danylov, T. M. Goyette, J. C. Dickinson, R. H. Giles, W. Goodhue, J. Waldman, W. Nixon, and W. Hoen, “Terahertz behaviour of optical components and common materials,” Proc. SPIE 6212, 62120E (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hoen, W.

A. J. Gatesman, A. Danylov, T. M. Goyette, J. C. Dickinson, R. H. Giles, W. Goodhue, J. Waldman, W. Nixon, and W. Hoen, “Terahertz behaviour of optical components and common materials,” Proc. SPIE 6212, 62120E (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jack, M.

Kikuchi, N.

T. Kurabayashi, N. Kikuchi, T. Tanno, and M. Watanabe, “Significance of terahertz spectrometry for textile article of wool,” in 34th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1 (2009), pp. 21–25.

Kosaka, S.

T. Kurabayashi, K. Suzuki, S. Yodokawa, S. Kosaka, and K. Ando, “Identification of cellulosic fiber by terahertz spectroscopy,” in 37th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1 (2012), pp. 23–28.

Kurabayashi, T.

T. Kurabayashi, K. Suzuki, S. Yodokawa, S. Kosaka, and K. Ando, “Identification of cellulosic fiber by terahertz spectroscopy,” in 37th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1 (2012), pp. 23–28.

T. Kurabayashi, F. Saitoh, N. Watanabe, and T. Tanno, “Identification of textile fiber by terahertz spectroscopy,” in 35th International Conference on Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1(2010), pp. 5–10.

T. Kurabayashi, N. Kikuchi, T. Tanno, and M. Watanabe, “Significance of terahertz spectrometry for textile article of wool,” in 34th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1 (2009), pp. 21–25.

Lee, A. W. M.

J. E. Bjarnason, T. L. J. Chan, A. W. M. Lee, M. A. Celis, and E. R. Brown, “Millimeter-wave, terahertz, and mid-infrared transmission through common clothing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 519–521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Levitt, J. A.

J. R. Fletcher, G. P. Swift, D. C. Dai, J. A. Levitt, and J. M. Chamberlain, “Propagation of terahertz radiation through random structures: an alternative theoretical approach and experimental validation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 013102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, H. Q.

H. Q. Li, J. X. Gong, J. F. Zhang, C. L. Wang, and Z. Tian, “Sensing textile fibers by THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Adv. Mater. Res. 298, 153–156 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lombardo, R.

Nixon, W.

A. J. Gatesman, A. Danylov, T. M. Goyette, J. C. Dickinson, R. H. Giles, W. Goodhue, J. Waldman, W. Nixon, and W. Hoen, “Terahertz behaviour of optical components and common materials,” Proc. SPIE 6212, 62120E (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nothi, G.

C. Gerth, A. Brahm, V. Reichmann, and G. Nothi, “Investigation of spectral properties of textile,” in 37th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1 (2012), pp. 23–28.

Reichmann, V.

C. Gerth, A. Brahm, V. Reichmann, and G. Nothi, “Investigation of spectral properties of textile,” in 37th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1 (2012), pp. 23–28.

Saitoh, F.

T. Kurabayashi, F. Saitoh, N. Watanabe, and T. Tanno, “Identification of textile fiber by terahertz spectroscopy,” in 35th International Conference on Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1(2010), pp. 5–10.

Suzuki, K.

T. Kurabayashi, K. Suzuki, S. Yodokawa, S. Kosaka, and K. Ando, “Identification of cellulosic fiber by terahertz spectroscopy,” in 37th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1 (2012), pp. 23–28.

Swift, G. P.

J. R. Fletcher, G. P. Swift, D. C. Dai, J. A. Levitt, and J. M. Chamberlain, “Propagation of terahertz radiation through random structures: an alternative theoretical approach and experimental validation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 013102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tanno, T.

T. Kurabayashi, F. Saitoh, N. Watanabe, and T. Tanno, “Identification of textile fiber by terahertz spectroscopy,” in 35th International Conference on Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1(2010), pp. 5–10.

T. Kurabayashi, N. Kikuchi, T. Tanno, and M. Watanabe, “Significance of terahertz spectrometry for textile article of wool,” in 34th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1 (2009), pp. 21–25.

Tian, Z.

H. Q. Li, J. X. Gong, J. F. Zhang, C. L. Wang, and Z. Tian, “Sensing textile fibers by THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Adv. Mater. Res. 298, 153–156 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tong, M.

M. Tong, B. Cao, L. Cai, and Z. Tong, “Identification of textile fibers by terahertz time domain spectroscopy,” 2012 Symposium on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO), 1 (2012), pp. 21–23.

Tong, Z.

M. Tong, B. Cao, L. Cai, and Z. Tong, “Identification of textile fibers by terahertz time domain spectroscopy,” 2012 Symposium on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO), 1 (2012), pp. 21–23.

Waldman, J.

A. J. Gatesman, A. Danylov, T. M. Goyette, J. C. Dickinson, R. H. Giles, W. Goodhue, J. Waldman, W. Nixon, and W. Hoen, “Terahertz behaviour of optical components and common materials,” Proc. SPIE 6212, 62120E (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. L.

H. Q. Li, J. X. Gong, J. F. Zhang, C. L. Wang, and Z. Tian, “Sensing textile fibers by THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Adv. Mater. Res. 298, 153–156 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, M.

T. Kurabayashi, N. Kikuchi, T. Tanno, and M. Watanabe, “Significance of terahertz spectrometry for textile article of wool,” in 34th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1 (2009), pp. 21–25.

Watanabe, N.

T. Kurabayashi, F. Saitoh, N. Watanabe, and T. Tanno, “Identification of textile fiber by terahertz spectroscopy,” in 35th International Conference on Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1(2010), pp. 5–10.

Yan, C.

C. Yan, B. Yang, and Z. Yu, “Terahertz time domain spectroscopy for the identification of cellulosic fibers with similar chemical composition,” Anal. Lett. 46, 946–958 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yang, B.

C. Yan, B. Yang, and Z. Yu, “Terahertz time domain spectroscopy for the identification of cellulosic fibers with similar chemical composition,” Anal. Lett. 46, 946–958 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yodokawa, S.

T. Kurabayashi, K. Suzuki, S. Yodokawa, S. Kosaka, and K. Ando, “Identification of cellulosic fiber by terahertz spectroscopy,” in 37th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1 (2012), pp. 23–28.

Yu, Z.

C. Yan, B. Yang, and Z. Yu, “Terahertz time domain spectroscopy for the identification of cellulosic fibers with similar chemical composition,” Anal. Lett. 46, 946–958 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. F.

H. Q. Li, J. X. Gong, J. F. Zhang, C. L. Wang, and Z. Tian, “Sensing textile fibers by THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Adv. Mater. Res. 298, 153–156 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. Res. (1)

H. Q. Li, J. X. Gong, J. F. Zhang, C. L. Wang, and Z. Tian, “Sensing textile fibers by THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Adv. Mater. Res. 298, 153–156 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Lett. (1)

C. Yan, B. Yang, and Z. Yu, “Terahertz time domain spectroscopy for the identification of cellulosic fibers with similar chemical composition,” Anal. Lett. 46, 946–958 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. E. Bjarnason, T. L. J. Chan, A. W. M. Lee, M. A. Celis, and E. R. Brown, “Millimeter-wave, terahertz, and mid-infrared transmission through common clothing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 519–521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. R. Fletcher, G. P. Swift, D. C. Dai, J. A. Levitt, and J. M. Chamberlain, “Propagation of terahertz radiation through random structures: an alternative theoretical approach and experimental validation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 013102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. J. Gatesman, A. Danylov, T. M. Goyette, J. C. Dickinson, R. H. Giles, W. Goodhue, J. Waldman, W. Nixon, and W. Hoen, “Terahertz behaviour of optical components and common materials,” Proc. SPIE 6212, 62120E (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

C. Gerth, A. Brahm, V. Reichmann, and G. Nothi, “Investigation of spectral properties of textile,” in 37th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1 (2012), pp. 23–28.

M. Tong, B. Cao, L. Cai, and Z. Tong, “Identification of textile fibers by terahertz time domain spectroscopy,” 2012 Symposium on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO), 1 (2012), pp. 21–23.

T. Kurabayashi, N. Kikuchi, T. Tanno, and M. Watanabe, “Significance of terahertz spectrometry for textile article of wool,” in 34th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1 (2009), pp. 21–25.

T. Kurabayashi, F. Saitoh, N. Watanabe, and T. Tanno, “Identification of textile fiber by terahertz spectroscopy,” in 35th International Conference on Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1(2010), pp. 5–10.

T. Kurabayashi, K. Suzuki, S. Yodokawa, S. Kosaka, and K. Ando, “Identification of cellulosic fiber by terahertz spectroscopy,” in 37th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), Vol. 1 (2012), pp. 23–28.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic drawing of the fabric weave pattern and polarization orientation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transmission spectra of samples A1 and A2 and F.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transmission spectra of samples B1 and B2.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Transmission spectra of samples C1 and C2.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Transmission spectra of samples D and E. Inset: Differential phase data of sample D-pa.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Transmission spectra of linen and linen-mix samples.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Transmission spectra of cotton and cotton-mix samples.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Transmission spectra of silk, silk-mix, and silk-like samples.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Wool Samples and Their Propertiesa

Tables Icon

Table 2. Linen, Cotton, Silk, and Mixed (All Plain Weave)

Equations (1)

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T(v)=[Es(v)Eref(v)]2,

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