Abstract

We experimentally investigate the performance of L-band multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser (MBRFL) under forward and backward pumped environments utilizing a linear cavity. A short length of 1.18 km dispersion compensating fiber is used as a nonlinear gain medium for both Brillouin and Raman gain. Experimental results indicate that the gain in the copumped laser configuration is higher than the gain in the counterpumped configuration. A stable and constant number of Brillouin Stokes lines up to 23 Stokes, with channel spacing of 0.08 nm and more than 20 dB of optical signal to noise ratio, can be generated as well as tuning over 20 nm in the L-band region from 1570 to 1590 nm. The laser generating the Brillouin Stokes lines exhibits flat amplitude bandwidth and high average output power of 0.8 and 1.6 dBm for the copropagation and counterpropagation pumps, respectively. Moreover, the tuning range bandwidth of the MBRFL can be predicted from the oscillated Brillouin pump gain profile.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  3. Y.-G. Han, T. V. A. Tran, S.-H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, “Multiwavelength Raman-fiber-laser-based long-distance remote sensor for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1282–1284 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Bolognini, M. a. Soto, and F. Di Pasquale, “Fiber-optic distributed sensor based on hybrid Raman and Brillouin scattering employing multiwavelength Fabry–Pérot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1523–1525 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Z. Fu, D. Yang, W. Ye, J. Kong, and Y. Shen, “Widely tunable compact erbium-doped fiber ring laser for fiber-optic sensing applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 392–396 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Subías, C. Heras, J. Pelayo, and F. Villuendas, “All in fiber optical frequency metrology by selective Brillouin amplification of single peak in an optical comb.,” Opt. Express 17, 6753–6758 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Fu, D. Chen, B. Sun, and S. Gao, “A novel-configuration multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser and its application in switchable high-frequency microwave generation,” Laser Phys. 20, 1907–1912 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and T. Sato, “More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing,” IET Electron. Lett. 36, 2089–2090 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Wavelength switchable all-fiber comb filter using a dual-pass Mach–Zehnder interferometer and its application in multiwavelength laser,” Laser Phys. 20, 1814–1817 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. J. Tian and Y. Yao, “A linear cavity multiwavelength fiber laser with adjustable lasing line number for fixed spectral regions,” Laser Phys. 21, 505–508 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, S. F. Norizan, M. H. Jemangin, and S. W. Harun, “S-band multiwavelength Brillouin Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 284, 4971–4974 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. N. A. M. Ahmad Hambali, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, A. A. A. Bakar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin–Raman ring-cavity fiber laser with 22 GHz spacing,” Laser Phys. 21, 1656–1660 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. Sonee Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, and M. A. Mahdi, “OSNR enhancement utilizing large effective area fiber in a multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 139–143 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. K. Abass, M. Z. Jamaludin, M. H. Al-Mansoori, T. F. Al-Mashhadani, and F. Abdullah, “An overview of multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” J. Adv. Laser Opt. Res. 1, 1–6 (2012).
  19. A. K. Zamzuri, M. A. Mahdi, A. Ahmad, M. I. Md Ali, and M. H. Al-Mansoori, “Flat amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman comb fiber laser in Rayleigh-scattering-enhanced linear cavity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 3000–3005 (2007).
  20. Y.-ge Liu and D. Wang, “Wavelength tunable and amplitude-equilibrium dual-wavelength lasing sources with dual-pass Raman/Brillouin amplification configuration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 3583–3588 (2008).
  21. A. K. Zamzuri, M. H. Al-Mansoori, N. M. Samsuri, and M. A. Mahdi, “Contribution of Rayleigh scattering on Brillouin comb line generation in Raman fiber laser,” Appl. Opt. 49, 3506–3510 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. K. Zamzuri, M. I. M. Ali, A. Ahmad, and R. Mohamad, “Brillouin–Raman comb fiber laser with cooperative Rayleigh scattering in a linear cavity,” Opt. Lett. 31, 918–920 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Y. Liu, D. Wang, and X. Dong, “Stable room-temperature multi-wavelength lasing oscillations in a Brillouin–Raman fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5400–5404 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  24. H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, N. A. Hassan, and S. W. Harun, “S-band multiwavelength ring Brillouin/Raman fiber laser with 20 GHz channel spacing,” Appl. Opt. 51, 1811–1815 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  25. B. Min, P. Kim, and N. Park, “Flat amplitude equal spacing 798-channel multiwavelength comb generation in dispersion compensating fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1352–1354 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  26. K.-D. Park, B. Min, P. Kim, N. Park, J.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Chang, “Dynamics of cascaded Brillouin–Rayleigh scattering in a distributed fiber Raman amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 27, 155–157 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  27. A. K. Abass, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. Jamaludin, F. Abdullah, and T. F. Al-Mashhadani, “Raman amplification effects on stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold in multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” in 3rd IEEE International Conference on Photonics 2012, Penang (IEEE, 2012), pp. 171–174.

2012 (3)

R. Parvizi, N. M. Ali, S. W. Harun, S. D. Emami, and H. Ahmad, “Multi wavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation using dual pass approach,” Laser Phys. 22, 584–587 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Abass, M. Z. Jamaludin, M. H. Al-Mansoori, T. F. Al-Mashhadani, and F. Abdullah, “An overview of multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” J. Adv. Laser Opt. Res. 1, 1–6 (2012).

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, N. A. Hassan, and S. W. Harun, “S-band multiwavelength ring Brillouin/Raman fiber laser with 20 GHz channel spacing,” Appl. Opt. 51, 1811–1815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (4)

J. J. Tian and Y. Yao, “A linear cavity multiwavelength fiber laser with adjustable lasing line number for fixed spectral regions,” Laser Phys. 21, 505–508 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, S. F. Norizan, M. H. Jemangin, and S. W. Harun, “S-band multiwavelength Brillouin Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 284, 4971–4974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. A. M. Ahmad Hambali, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, A. A. A. Bakar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin–Raman ring-cavity fiber laser with 22 GHz spacing,” Laser Phys. 21, 1656–1660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Sonee Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, and M. A. Mahdi, “OSNR enhancement utilizing large effective area fiber in a multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 139–143 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

J. Fu, D. Chen, B. Sun, and S. Gao, “A novel-configuration multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser and its application in switchable high-frequency microwave generation,” Laser Phys. 20, 1907–1912 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Wavelength switchable all-fiber comb filter using a dual-pass Mach–Zehnder interferometer and its application in multiwavelength laser,” Laser Phys. 20, 1814–1817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Zamzuri, M. H. Al-Mansoori, N. M. Samsuri, and M. A. Mahdi, “Contribution of Rayleigh scattering on Brillouin comb line generation in Raman fiber laser,” Appl. Opt. 49, 3506–3510 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

G. Bolognini, M. a. Soto, and F. Di Pasquale, “Fiber-optic distributed sensor based on hybrid Raman and Brillouin scattering employing multiwavelength Fabry–Pérot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1523–1525 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Fu, D. Yang, W. Ye, J. Kong, and Y. Shen, “Widely tunable compact erbium-doped fiber ring laser for fiber-optic sensing applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 392–396 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Subías, C. Heras, J. Pelayo, and F. Villuendas, “All in fiber optical frequency metrology by selective Brillouin amplification of single peak in an optical comb.,” Opt. Express 17, 6753–6758 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

Y.-ge Liu and D. Wang, “Wavelength tunable and amplitude-equilibrium dual-wavelength lasing sources with dual-pass Raman/Brillouin amplification configuration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 3583–3588 (2008).

Y. Liu, D. Wang, and X. Dong, “Stable room-temperature multi-wavelength lasing oscillations in a Brillouin–Raman fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5400–5404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

A. K. Zamzuri, M. A. Mahdi, A. Ahmad, M. I. Md Ali, and M. H. Al-Mansoori, “Flat amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman comb fiber laser in Rayleigh-scattering-enhanced linear cavity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 3000–3005 (2007).

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (2)

B. Min, P. Kim, and N. Park, “Flat amplitude equal spacing 798-channel multiwavelength comb generation in dispersion compensating fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1352–1354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo, and S. Member, “Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 553–558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and T. Sato, “More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing,” IET Electron. Lett. 36, 2089–2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. J. Veselka and S. K. Korotky, “A multiwavelength source having precise channel spacing for WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 958–960 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Y. Tanaka, “Brillouin fiber-optic Gyro with directional sensitivity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1367–1369 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Abad, S.

L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo, and S. Member, “Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 553–558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Abass, A. K.

A. K. Abass, M. Z. Jamaludin, M. H. Al-Mansoori, T. F. Al-Mashhadani, and F. Abdullah, “An overview of multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” J. Adv. Laser Opt. Res. 1, 1–6 (2012).

A. K. Abass, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. Jamaludin, F. Abdullah, and T. F. Al-Mashhadani, “Raman amplification effects on stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold in multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” in 3rd IEEE International Conference on Photonics 2012, Penang (IEEE, 2012), pp. 171–174.

Abdullah, F.

A. K. Abass, M. Z. Jamaludin, M. H. Al-Mansoori, T. F. Al-Mashhadani, and F. Abdullah, “An overview of multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” J. Adv. Laser Opt. Res. 1, 1–6 (2012).

A. K. Abass, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. Jamaludin, F. Abdullah, and T. F. Al-Mashhadani, “Raman amplification effects on stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold in multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” in 3rd IEEE International Conference on Photonics 2012, Penang (IEEE, 2012), pp. 171–174.

Abe, M.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and T. Sato, “More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing,” IET Electron. Lett. 36, 2089–2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, A.

A. K. Zamzuri, M. A. Mahdi, A. Ahmad, M. I. Md Ali, and M. H. Al-Mansoori, “Flat amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman comb fiber laser in Rayleigh-scattering-enhanced linear cavity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 3000–3005 (2007).

A. K. Zamzuri, M. I. M. Ali, A. Ahmad, and R. Mohamad, “Brillouin–Raman comb fiber laser with cooperative Rayleigh scattering in a linear cavity,” Opt. Lett. 31, 918–920 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, H.

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, N. A. Hassan, and S. W. Harun, “S-band multiwavelength ring Brillouin/Raman fiber laser with 20 GHz channel spacing,” Appl. Opt. 51, 1811–1815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Parvizi, N. M. Ali, S. W. Harun, S. D. Emami, and H. Ahmad, “Multi wavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation using dual pass approach,” Laser Phys. 22, 584–587 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, S. F. Norizan, M. H. Jemangin, and S. W. Harun, “S-band multiwavelength Brillouin Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 284, 4971–4974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad Hambali, N. A. M.

N. A. M. Ahmad Hambali, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, A. A. A. Bakar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin–Raman ring-cavity fiber laser with 22 GHz spacing,” Laser Phys. 21, 1656–1660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ajiya, M.

N. A. M. Ahmad Hambali, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, A. A. A. Bakar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin–Raman ring-cavity fiber laser with 22 GHz spacing,” Laser Phys. 21, 1656–1660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ali, M. I. M.

Ali, N. M.

R. Parvizi, N. M. Ali, S. W. Harun, S. D. Emami, and H. Ahmad, “Multi wavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation using dual pass approach,” Laser Phys. 22, 584–587 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Al-Mansoori, M. H.

A. K. Abass, M. Z. Jamaludin, M. H. Al-Mansoori, T. F. Al-Mashhadani, and F. Abdullah, “An overview of multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” J. Adv. Laser Opt. Res. 1, 1–6 (2012).

N. A. M. Ahmad Hambali, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, A. A. A. Bakar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin–Raman ring-cavity fiber laser with 22 GHz spacing,” Laser Phys. 21, 1656–1660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Sonee Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, and M. A. Mahdi, “OSNR enhancement utilizing large effective area fiber in a multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 139–143 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Zamzuri, M. H. Al-Mansoori, N. M. Samsuri, and M. A. Mahdi, “Contribution of Rayleigh scattering on Brillouin comb line generation in Raman fiber laser,” Appl. Opt. 49, 3506–3510 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Zamzuri, M. A. Mahdi, A. Ahmad, M. I. Md Ali, and M. H. Al-Mansoori, “Flat amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman comb fiber laser in Rayleigh-scattering-enhanced linear cavity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 3000–3005 (2007).

A. K. Abass, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. Jamaludin, F. Abdullah, and T. F. Al-Mashhadani, “Raman amplification effects on stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold in multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” in 3rd IEEE International Conference on Photonics 2012, Penang (IEEE, 2012), pp. 171–174.

Al-Mashhadani, T. F.

A. K. Abass, M. Z. Jamaludin, M. H. Al-Mansoori, T. F. Al-Mashhadani, and F. Abdullah, “An overview of multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” J. Adv. Laser Opt. Res. 1, 1–6 (2012).

A. K. Abass, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. Jamaludin, F. Abdullah, and T. F. Al-Mashhadani, “Raman amplification effects on stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold in multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” in 3rd IEEE International Conference on Photonics 2012, Penang (IEEE, 2012), pp. 171–174.

Anas, S. B. A.

R. Sonee Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, and M. A. Mahdi, “OSNR enhancement utilizing large effective area fiber in a multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 139–143 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bakar, A. A. A.

N. A. M. Ahmad Hambali, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, A. A. A. Bakar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin–Raman ring-cavity fiber laser with 22 GHz spacing,” Laser Phys. 21, 1656–1660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bolognini, G.

G. Bolognini, M. a. Soto, and F. Di Pasquale, “Fiber-optic distributed sensor based on hybrid Raman and Brillouin scattering employing multiwavelength Fabry–Pérot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1523–1525 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chang, J.-S.

Chen, D.

J. Fu, D. Chen, B. Sun, and S. Gao, “A novel-configuration multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser and its application in switchable high-frequency microwave generation,” Laser Phys. 20, 1907–1912 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Di Pasquale, F.

G. Bolognini, M. a. Soto, and F. Di Pasquale, “Fiber-optic distributed sensor based on hybrid Raman and Brillouin scattering employing multiwavelength Fabry–Pérot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1523–1525 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X.

Y. Liu, D. Wang, and X. Dong, “Stable room-temperature multi-wavelength lasing oscillations in a Brillouin–Raman fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5400–5404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Emami, S. D.

R. Parvizi, N. M. Ali, S. W. Harun, S. D. Emami, and H. Ahmad, “Multi wavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation using dual pass approach,” Laser Phys. 22, 584–587 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ezekiel, S.

Fu, J.

J. Fu, D. Chen, B. Sun, and S. Gao, “A novel-configuration multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser and its application in switchable high-frequency microwave generation,” Laser Phys. 20, 1907–1912 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Z.

Z. Fu, D. Yang, W. Ye, J. Kong, and Y. Shen, “Widely tunable compact erbium-doped fiber ring laser for fiber-optic sensing applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 392–396 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gao, S.

J. Fu, D. Chen, B. Sun, and S. Gao, “A novel-configuration multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser and its application in switchable high-frequency microwave generation,” Laser Phys. 20, 1907–1912 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y.-G.

Harun, S. W.

R. Parvizi, N. M. Ali, S. W. Harun, S. D. Emami, and H. Ahmad, “Multi wavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation using dual pass approach,” Laser Phys. 22, 584–587 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, N. A. Hassan, and S. W. Harun, “S-band multiwavelength ring Brillouin/Raman fiber laser with 20 GHz channel spacing,” Appl. Opt. 51, 1811–1815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, S. F. Norizan, M. H. Jemangin, and S. W. Harun, “S-band multiwavelength Brillouin Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 284, 4971–4974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hassan, N. A.

Heras, C.

Hitam, S.

N. A. M. Ahmad Hambali, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, A. A. A. Bakar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin–Raman ring-cavity fiber laser with 22 GHz spacing,” Laser Phys. 21, 1656–1660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hu, S.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and T. Sato, “More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing,” IET Electron. Lett. 36, 2089–2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jamaludin, M. Z.

A. K. Abass, M. Z. Jamaludin, M. H. Al-Mansoori, T. F. Al-Mashhadani, and F. Abdullah, “An overview of multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” J. Adv. Laser Opt. Res. 1, 1–6 (2012).

A. K. Abass, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. Jamaludin, F. Abdullah, and T. F. Al-Mashhadani, “Raman amplification effects on stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold in multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” in 3rd IEEE International Conference on Photonics 2012, Penang (IEEE, 2012), pp. 171–174.

Jarabo, S.

L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo, and S. Member, “Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 553–558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jemangin, M. H.

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, S. F. Norizan, M. H. Jemangin, and S. W. Harun, “S-band multiwavelength Brillouin Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 284, 4971–4974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, P.

K.-D. Park, B. Min, P. Kim, N. Park, J.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Chang, “Dynamics of cascaded Brillouin–Rayleigh scattering in a distributed fiber Raman amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 27, 155–157 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Min, P. Kim, and N. Park, “Flat amplitude equal spacing 798-channel multiwavelength comb generation in dispersion compensating fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1352–1354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.-H.

Kong, J.

Z. Fu, D. Yang, W. Ye, J. Kong, and Y. Shen, “Widely tunable compact erbium-doped fiber ring laser for fiber-optic sensing applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 392–396 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Korotky, S. K.

J. J. Veselka and S. K. Korotky, “A multiwavelength source having precise channel spacing for WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 958–960 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.-H.

Lee, S. B.

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, D. Wang, and X. Dong, “Stable room-temperature multi-wavelength lasing oscillations in a Brillouin–Raman fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5400–5404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.-ge

Y.-ge Liu and D. Wang, “Wavelength tunable and amplitude-equilibrium dual-wavelength lasing sources with dual-pass Raman/Brillouin amplification configuration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 3583–3588 (2008).

Luo, A. P.

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Wavelength switchable all-fiber comb filter using a dual-pass Mach–Zehnder interferometer and its application in multiwavelength laser,” Laser Phys. 20, 1814–1817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z. C.

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Wavelength switchable all-fiber comb filter using a dual-pass Mach–Zehnder interferometer and its application in multiwavelength laser,” Laser Phys. 20, 1814–1817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mahdi, M. A.

N. A. M. Ahmad Hambali, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, A. A. A. Bakar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin–Raman ring-cavity fiber laser with 22 GHz spacing,” Laser Phys. 21, 1656–1660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Sonee Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, and M. A. Mahdi, “OSNR enhancement utilizing large effective area fiber in a multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 139–143 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Zamzuri, M. H. Al-Mansoori, N. M. Samsuri, and M. A. Mahdi, “Contribution of Rayleigh scattering on Brillouin comb line generation in Raman fiber laser,” Appl. Opt. 49, 3506–3510 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Zamzuri, M. A. Mahdi, A. Ahmad, M. I. Md Ali, and M. H. Al-Mansoori, “Flat amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman comb fiber laser in Rayleigh-scattering-enhanced linear cavity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 3000–3005 (2007).

Md Ali, M. I.

A. K. Zamzuri, M. A. Mahdi, A. Ahmad, M. I. Md Ali, and M. H. Al-Mansoori, “Flat amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman comb fiber laser in Rayleigh-scattering-enhanced linear cavity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 3000–3005 (2007).

Member, S.

L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo, and S. Member, “Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 553–558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Min, B.

K.-D. Park, B. Min, P. Kim, N. Park, J.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Chang, “Dynamics of cascaded Brillouin–Rayleigh scattering in a distributed fiber Raman amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 27, 155–157 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Min, P. Kim, and N. Park, “Flat amplitude equal spacing 798-channel multiwavelength comb generation in dispersion compensating fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1352–1354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mohamad, R.

Mori, K.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and T. Sato, “More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing,” IET Electron. Lett. 36, 2089–2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Morioka, T.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and T. Sato, “More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing,” IET Electron. Lett. 36, 2089–2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Norizan, S. F.

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, S. F. Norizan, M. H. Jemangin, and S. W. Harun, “S-band multiwavelength Brillouin Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 284, 4971–4974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ohara, T.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and T. Sato, “More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing,” IET Electron. Lett. 36, 2089–2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Park, K.-D.

Park, N.

K.-D. Park, B. Min, P. Kim, N. Park, J.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Chang, “Dynamics of cascaded Brillouin–Rayleigh scattering in a distributed fiber Raman amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 27, 155–157 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Min, P. Kim, and N. Park, “Flat amplitude equal spacing 798-channel multiwavelength comb generation in dispersion compensating fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1352–1354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Parvizi, R.

R. Parvizi, N. M. Ali, S. W. Harun, S. D. Emami, and H. Ahmad, “Multi wavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation using dual pass approach,” Laser Phys. 22, 584–587 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pelayo, J.

Sahbudin, R. K. Z.

R. Sonee Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, and M. A. Mahdi, “OSNR enhancement utilizing large effective area fiber in a multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 139–143 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Samsuri, N. M.

Sato, K.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and T. Sato, “More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing,” IET Electron. Lett. 36, 2089–2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sato, T.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and T. Sato, “More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing,” IET Electron. Lett. 36, 2089–2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

Z. Fu, D. Yang, W. Ye, J. Kong, and Y. Shen, “Widely tunable compact erbium-doped fiber ring laser for fiber-optic sensing applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 392–396 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, T.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and T. Sato, “More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing,” IET Electron. Lett. 36, 2089–2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Smith, S. P.

Sonee Shargh, R.

R. Sonee Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, and M. A. Mahdi, “OSNR enhancement utilizing large effective area fiber in a multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 139–143 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. J.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Soto, M. a.

G. Bolognini, M. a. Soto, and F. Di Pasquale, “Fiber-optic distributed sensor based on hybrid Raman and Brillouin scattering employing multiwavelength Fabry–Pérot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1523–1525 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Subías, J.

Sun, B.

J. Fu, D. Chen, B. Sun, and S. Gao, “A novel-configuration multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser and its application in switchable high-frequency microwave generation,” Laser Phys. 20, 1907–1912 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Takara, H.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and T. Sato, “More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing,” IET Electron. Lett. 36, 2089–2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Talaverano, L.

L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo, and S. Member, “Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 553–558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

Y. Tanaka, “Brillouin fiber-optic Gyro with directional sensitivity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1367–1369 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tian, J. J.

J. J. Tian and Y. Yao, “A linear cavity multiwavelength fiber laser with adjustable lasing line number for fixed spectral regions,” Laser Phys. 21, 505–508 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tran, T. V. A.

Veselka, J. J.

J. J. Veselka and S. K. Korotky, “A multiwavelength source having precise channel spacing for WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 958–960 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Villuendas, F.

Wang, D.

Y.-ge Liu and D. Wang, “Wavelength tunable and amplitude-equilibrium dual-wavelength lasing sources with dual-pass Raman/Brillouin amplification configuration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 3583–3588 (2008).

Y. Liu, D. Wang, and X. Dong, “Stable room-temperature multi-wavelength lasing oscillations in a Brillouin–Raman fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5400–5404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y. X.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W. C.

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Wavelength switchable all-fiber comb filter using a dual-pass Mach–Zehnder interferometer and its application in multiwavelength laser,” Laser Phys. 20, 1814–1817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, E.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and T. Sato, “More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing,” IET Electron. Lett. 36, 2089–2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D.

Z. Fu, D. Yang, W. Ye, J. Kong, and Y. Shen, “Widely tunable compact erbium-doped fiber ring laser for fiber-optic sensing applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 392–396 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yao, Y.

J. J. Tian and Y. Yao, “A linear cavity multiwavelength fiber laser with adjustable lasing line number for fixed spectral regions,” Laser Phys. 21, 505–508 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Q. H.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ye, W.

Z. Fu, D. Yang, W. Ye, J. Kong, and Y. Shen, “Widely tunable compact erbium-doped fiber ring laser for fiber-optic sensing applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 392–396 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zamzuri, A. K.

Zarinetchi, F.

Zhan, L.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zulkifli, M. Z.

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, N. A. Hassan, and S. W. Harun, “S-band multiwavelength ring Brillouin/Raman fiber laser with 20 GHz channel spacing,” Appl. Opt. 51, 1811–1815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, S. F. Norizan, M. H. Jemangin, and S. W. Harun, “S-band multiwavelength Brillouin Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 284, 4971–4974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo, and S. Member, “Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 553–558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

G. Bolognini, M. a. Soto, and F. Di Pasquale, “Fiber-optic distributed sensor based on hybrid Raman and Brillouin scattering employing multiwavelength Fabry–Pérot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1523–1525 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Veselka and S. K. Korotky, “A multiwavelength source having precise channel spacing for WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 958–960 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, “Brillouin fiber-optic Gyro with directional sensitivity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1367–1369 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Min, P. Kim, and N. Park, “Flat amplitude equal spacing 798-channel multiwavelength comb generation in dispersion compensating fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1352–1354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IET Electron. Lett. (1)

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and T. Sato, “More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing,” IET Electron. Lett. 36, 2089–2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Adv. Laser Opt. Res. (1)

A. K. Abass, M. Z. Jamaludin, M. H. Al-Mansoori, T. F. Al-Mashhadani, and F. Abdullah, “An overview of multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” J. Adv. Laser Opt. Res. 1, 1–6 (2012).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

A. K. Zamzuri, M. A. Mahdi, A. Ahmad, M. I. Md Ali, and M. H. Al-Mansoori, “Flat amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman comb fiber laser in Rayleigh-scattering-enhanced linear cavity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 3000–3005 (2007).

Y.-ge Liu and D. Wang, “Wavelength tunable and amplitude-equilibrium dual-wavelength lasing sources with dual-pass Raman/Brillouin amplification configuration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 3583–3588 (2008).

Laser Phys. (5)

J. Fu, D. Chen, B. Sun, and S. Gao, “A novel-configuration multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser and its application in switchable high-frequency microwave generation,” Laser Phys. 20, 1907–1912 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. A. M. Ahmad Hambali, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, A. A. A. Bakar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin–Raman ring-cavity fiber laser with 22 GHz spacing,” Laser Phys. 21, 1656–1660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Wavelength switchable all-fiber comb filter using a dual-pass Mach–Zehnder interferometer and its application in multiwavelength laser,” Laser Phys. 20, 1814–1817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Tian and Y. Yao, “A linear cavity multiwavelength fiber laser with adjustable lasing line number for fixed spectral regions,” Laser Phys. 21, 505–508 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Parvizi, N. M. Ali, S. W. Harun, S. D. Emami, and H. Ahmad, “Multi wavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation using dual pass approach,” Laser Phys. 22, 584–587 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Sonee Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, and M. A. Mahdi, “OSNR enhancement utilizing large effective area fiber in a multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 139–143 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, S. F. Norizan, M. H. Jemangin, and S. W. Harun, “S-band multiwavelength Brillouin Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 284, 4971–4974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, D. Wang, and X. Dong, “Stable room-temperature multi-wavelength lasing oscillations in a Brillouin–Raman fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5400–5404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

Z. Fu, D. Yang, W. Ye, J. Kong, and Y. Shen, “Widely tunable compact erbium-doped fiber ring laser for fiber-optic sensing applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 392–396 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (1)

A. K. Abass, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. Jamaludin, F. Abdullah, and T. F. Al-Mashhadani, “Raman amplification effects on stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold in multiwavelength Brillouin–Raman fiber laser,” in 3rd IEEE International Conference on Photonics 2012, Penang (IEEE, 2012), pp. 171–174.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic setup of linear cavity MBRFL with (a) copropagating pump configuration and (b) counterpropagating pump configuration.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured output spectrum of the self-lasing cavity modes from the MBRFL at different RPP for (a) copump and (b) counter-pump.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Residual RPP at different 1480 nm RPP for copropagating and counterpropagating configuration.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Gain on–off at different BP wavelength for copropagating and counterpropagating configurations with RPP=275mW and BP=2dBm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Number of output channels at different RPP for copumped and counterpumped laser.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Output spectrum of MBRFL for BP=10dBm at 1580 nm and RPP=500mW for copropagating pump.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Output spectrum of MBRFL for BP=10dBm at 1580 nm and RPP=700mW for counterpropagating pump.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

TR of output channels at BP=10dBm for (a) co-pumped with RPP=500mW and (b) counterpumped with RPP=700mW.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Expanded trace for different BP wavelength for copumped laser at (a) 1570 nm and (b) 1590 nm.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Expanded trace for different BP wavelength for counter-pumped laser at (a) 1570 nm and (b) 1590 nm.

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