Abstract

A multiwavelength Brillouin/Raman distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser operating in the S-band region is proposed and demonstrated. The laser uses a 7.7 km long dispersion-shifted fiber with an effective mode area of 15μm2 as the Brillouin and Raman gain media simultaneously. Two 1420 nm laser diodes with a combined power of 372 mW are used as pump sources, while a fiber Bragg grating with a center wavelength of 1500 nm is used as a reflector in the cavity. The setup is capable of generating 6 clearly defined Stokes lines at the highest pump power, spanning from 1499.8 to 1500.3 nm with the even Stokes having relatively higher peak powers, between 1.4 and 3.5 dBm as compared to the odd Stokes, which have peak powers between 4.7  and 5.0dBm. The output of the laser is very stable and shows little to no fluctuations over a monitoring period of 50 min.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Ahmad, R. Parvizi, K. Dimyati, M. R. Tamjis, and S. W. Harun, “FWM-based multiwavelength Erbium-doped fiber laser using Bi-EDF,” Laser Phys. 20, 1–3 (2010).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (1)

2010 (2)

H. Ahmad, R. Parvizi, K. Dimyati, M. R. Tamjis, and S. W. Harun, “FWM-based multiwavelength Erbium-doped fiber laser using Bi-EDF,” Laser Phys. 20, 1–3 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, T. Guo, A. C.-L. Wong, H.-Y. Tam, and S. He, “Highly sensitive bending sensor based on Er3+-doped DBR fiber laser,” Opt. Express 18, 17834–17840 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2007 (2)

J. Yang, S. C. Tjin, and N. Q. Ngo, “Multiwavelength actively mode-locked fiber laser with a double-ring configuration and integrated cascaded sampled fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 13, 267–270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Zamzuri, M. A. Mahdi, A. Ahmad, M. I. Md Ali, and M. H. Al-Mansoori, “Flat amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser in Rayleigh-scattering-enhanced linear cavity,” Opt. Express 15, 3000–3005 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

M. H. Mansoori, B. Bouzid, S. Saharudin, B. M. Ali, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “Low-threshold characteristics of a linear-cavity multiwavelength Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 114–117 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, I. Castonguay, S. LaRochelle, and S. Doucet, “Short multiwavelength fiber laser made of a large-band distributed Fabry-Perot structure,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1017–1019 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

S. W. Harun and H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength laser comb in L-band region with dual cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1234–1236 (2002).

2001 (1)

W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, M. S. Demokan, P. K. A. Wai, and C. Lu, “Frequency stabilization of DBR fiber grating laser using interferometric technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 951–953 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (5)

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, and M. Y. Jeon, “Generation of multiorder Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1671–1673 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, and M. Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Loh, B. N. Samson, L. Dong, G. J. Cowle, and K. Hsu, “High performance single frequency fiber grating-based erbium: ytterbium codoped fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 114–118 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Bonfrate, F. Vaninetti, and F. Negrisolo, “Single frequency MOPA Er3+ DBR fiber laser for WDM digital telecommunication systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1109–1111 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita and G. J. Cowle, “Bidirectional 10 GHz optical comb generation with an intracavity fiber DFB pumped Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 796–798 (1998).

1996 (1)

1992 (1)

Abdullah, M. K.

M. H. Mansoori, B. Bouzid, S. Saharudin, B. M. Ali, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “Low-threshold characteristics of a linear-cavity multiwavelength Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 114–117 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Adikan, F. R. M.

Ahmad, A.

Ahmad, H.

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, N. A. Hassan, and S. W. Harun, “S-band multiwavelength ring Brilloiun/Raman fiber laser with 20 GHz channel spacing,” Appl. Opt. 51, 1811–1815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Ahmad, R. Parvizi, K. Dimyati, M. R. Tamjis, and S. W. Harun, “FWM-based multiwavelength Erbium-doped fiber laser using Bi-EDF,” Laser Phys. 20, 1–3 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun and H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength laser comb in L-band region with dual cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1234–1236 (2002).

Ahn, J. T.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, and M. Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, and M. Y. Jeon, “Generation of multiorder Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1671–1673 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ali, B. M.

M. H. Mansoori, B. Bouzid, S. Saharudin, B. M. Ali, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “Low-threshold characteristics of a linear-cavity multiwavelength Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 114–117 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Al-Mansoori, M. H.

Ball, G. A.

Bonfrate, G.

G. Bonfrate, F. Vaninetti, and F. Negrisolo, “Single frequency MOPA Er3+ DBR fiber laser for WDM digital telecommunication systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1109–1111 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bouzid, B.

M. H. Mansoori, B. Bouzid, S. Saharudin, B. M. Ali, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “Low-threshold characteristics of a linear-cavity multiwavelength Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 114–117 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Castonguay, I.

R. Slavik, I. Castonguay, S. LaRochelle, and S. Doucet, “Short multiwavelength fiber laser made of a large-band distributed Fabry-Perot structure,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1017–1019 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, D. I.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, and M. Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

Chung, W. H.

W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, M. S. Demokan, P. K. A. Wai, and C. Lu, “Frequency stabilization of DBR fiber grating laser using interferometric technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 951–953 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cowle, G. J.

Demokan, M. S.

W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, M. S. Demokan, P. K. A. Wai, and C. Lu, “Frequency stabilization of DBR fiber grating laser using interferometric technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 951–953 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dimyati, K.

H. Ahmad, R. Parvizi, K. Dimyati, M. R. Tamjis, and S. W. Harun, “FWM-based multiwavelength Erbium-doped fiber laser using Bi-EDF,” Laser Phys. 20, 1–3 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

Doucet, S.

R. Slavik, I. Castonguay, S. LaRochelle, and S. Doucet, “Short multiwavelength fiber laser made of a large-band distributed Fabry-Perot structure,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1017–1019 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dutta, N. K.

Glenn, W. H.

Grant, K. J.

S. Pradhan, G. E. Town, and K. J. Grant, “Dual-wavelength DBR fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1741–1743, (2006).
[CrossRef]

Guo, T.

Han, W.

L. Honglin, Z. Yuanping, W. Han, and Z. Zaixuan, “Experimental study on multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman fiber laser,” in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Optical Communications and Networks, Nanjing, China, 24–27 October, 2010 (IEEE, 2010), pp. 351–354.

Han, Y. G.

Harun, S. W.

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, N. A. Hassan, and S. W. Harun, “S-band multiwavelength ring Brilloiun/Raman fiber laser with 20 GHz channel spacing,” Appl. Opt. 51, 1811–1815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Ahmad, R. Parvizi, K. Dimyati, M. R. Tamjis, and S. W. Harun, “FWM-based multiwavelength Erbium-doped fiber laser using Bi-EDF,” Laser Phys. 20, 1–3 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun and H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength laser comb in L-band region with dual cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1234–1236 (2002).

Hassan, N. A.

He, S.

Honglin, L.

L. Honglin, Z. Yuanping, W. Han, and Z. Zaixuan, “Experimental study on multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman fiber laser,” in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Optical Communications and Networks, Nanjing, China, 24–27 October, 2010 (IEEE, 2010), pp. 351–354.

Hsu, K.

Jeon, M. Y.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, and M. Y. Jeon, “Generation of multiorder Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1671–1673 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, and M. Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kang, S. B.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, and M. Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, and M. Y. Jeon, “Generation of multiorder Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1671–1673 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. H.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, and M. Y. Jeon, “Generation of multiorder Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1671–1673 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, and M. Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

LaRochelle, S.

R. Slavik, I. Castonguay, S. LaRochelle, and S. Doucet, “Short multiwavelength fiber laser made of a large-band distributed Fabry-Perot structure,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1017–1019 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. K.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, and M. Y. Jeon, “Generation of multiorder Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1671–1673 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, and M. Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B.

Lim, D. S.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, and M. Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, and M. Y. Jeon, “Generation of multiorder Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1671–1673 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

Loh, W. H.

Lu, C.

W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, M. S. Demokan, P. K. A. Wai, and C. Lu, “Frequency stabilization of DBR fiber grating laser using interferometric technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 951–953 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ma, S.

Mahdi, M. A.

M. H. Mansoori and M. A. Mahdi, “Multiwavelength L-band Brillouin–Erbium comb fiber laser utilizing nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 5038–5044 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser utilizing double pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 415–421 (2009).

A. K. Zamzuri, M. A. Mahdi, A. Ahmad, M. I. Md Ali, and M. H. Al-Mansoori, “Flat amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser in Rayleigh-scattering-enhanced linear cavity,” Opt. Express 15, 3000–3005 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Mansoori, M. K. Rahman, F. R. M. Adikan, and M. A. Mahdi, “Widely tunable linear cavity multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 13, 3471–3476 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Mansoori, B. Bouzid, S. Saharudin, B. M. Ali, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “Low-threshold characteristics of a linear-cavity multiwavelength Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 114–117 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mansoori, M. H.

M. H. Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser utilizing double pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 415–421 (2009).

M. H. Mansoori and M. A. Mahdi, “Multiwavelength L-band Brillouin–Erbium comb fiber laser utilizing nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 5038–5044 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Mansoori, M. K. Rahman, F. R. M. Adikan, and M. A. Mahdi, “Widely tunable linear cavity multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 13, 3471–3476 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Mansoori, B. Bouzid, S. Saharudin, B. M. Ali, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “Low-threshold characteristics of a linear-cavity multiwavelength Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 114–117 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Md Ali, M. I.

Mohamad, R.

Negrisolo, F.

G. Bonfrate, F. Vaninetti, and F. Negrisolo, “Single frequency MOPA Er3+ DBR fiber laser for WDM digital telecommunication systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1109–1111 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ngo, N. Q.

J. Yang, S. C. Tjin, and N. Q. Ngo, “Multiwavelength actively mode-locked fiber laser with a double-ring configuration and integrated cascaded sampled fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 13, 267–270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Parvizi, R.

H. Ahmad, R. Parvizi, K. Dimyati, M. R. Tamjis, and S. W. Harun, “FWM-based multiwavelength Erbium-doped fiber laser using Bi-EDF,” Laser Phys. 20, 1–3 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pradhan, S.

S. Pradhan, G. E. Town, and K. J. Grant, “Dual-wavelength DBR fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1741–1743, (2006).
[CrossRef]

Premaratne, M.

M. H. Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser utilizing double pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 415–421 (2009).

Rahman, M. K.

Saharudin, S.

M. H. Mansoori, B. Bouzid, S. Saharudin, B. M. Ali, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “Low-threshold characteristics of a linear-cavity multiwavelength Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 114–117 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Samson, B. N.

Slavik, R.

R. Slavik, I. Castonguay, S. LaRochelle, and S. Doucet, “Short multiwavelength fiber laser made of a large-band distributed Fabry-Perot structure,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1017–1019 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, D. Y.

Tam, H. Y.

W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, M. S. Demokan, P. K. A. Wai, and C. Lu, “Frequency stabilization of DBR fiber grating laser using interferometric technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 951–953 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H.-Y.

Tamjis, M. R.

H. Ahmad, R. Parvizi, K. Dimyati, M. R. Tamjis, and S. W. Harun, “FWM-based multiwavelength Erbium-doped fiber laser using Bi-EDF,” Laser Phys. 20, 1–3 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tjin, S. C.

J. Yang, S. C. Tjin, and N. Q. Ngo, “Multiwavelength actively mode-locked fiber laser with a double-ring configuration and integrated cascaded sampled fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 13, 267–270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Town, G. E.

S. Pradhan, G. E. Town, and K. J. Grant, “Dual-wavelength DBR fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1741–1743, (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tran, T. V. A.

Vaninetti, F.

G. Bonfrate, F. Vaninetti, and F. Negrisolo, “Single frequency MOPA Er3+ DBR fiber laser for WDM digital telecommunication systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1109–1111 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wai, P. K. A.

W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, M. S. Demokan, P. K. A. Wai, and C. Lu, “Frequency stabilization of DBR fiber grating laser using interferometric technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 951–953 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wong, A. C.-L.

Yamashita, S.

S. Yamashita and G. J. Cowle, “Bidirectional 10 GHz optical comb generation with an intracavity fiber DFB pumped Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 796–798 (1998).

Yang, J.

J. Yang, S. C. Tjin, and N. Q. Ngo, “Multiwavelength actively mode-locked fiber laser with a double-ring configuration and integrated cascaded sampled fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 13, 267–270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yuanping, Z.

L. Honglin, Z. Yuanping, W. Han, and Z. Zaixuan, “Experimental study on multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman fiber laser,” in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Optical Communications and Networks, Nanjing, China, 24–27 October, 2010 (IEEE, 2010), pp. 351–354.

Zaixuan, Z.

L. Honglin, Z. Yuanping, W. Han, and Z. Zaixuan, “Experimental study on multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman fiber laser,” in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Optical Communications and Networks, Nanjing, China, 24–27 October, 2010 (IEEE, 2010), pp. 351–354.

Zamzuri, A. K.

Zulkifli, M. Z.

Appl. Opt. (1)

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

S. Pradhan, G. E. Town, and K. J. Grant, “Dual-wavelength DBR fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1741–1743, (2006).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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S. W. Harun and H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength laser comb in L-band region with dual cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1234–1236 (2002).

Laser Phys. (1)

H. Ahmad, R. Parvizi, K. Dimyati, M. R. Tamjis, and S. W. Harun, “FWM-based multiwavelength Erbium-doped fiber laser using Bi-EDF,” Laser Phys. 20, 1–3 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

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J. Yang, S. C. Tjin, and N. Q. Ngo, “Multiwavelength actively mode-locked fiber laser with a double-ring configuration and integrated cascaded sampled fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 13, 267–270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (1)

L. Honglin, Z. Yuanping, W. Han, and Z. Zaixuan, “Experimental study on multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman fiber laser,” in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Optical Communications and Networks, Nanjing, China, 24–27 October, 2010 (IEEE, 2010), pp. 351–354.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the multiwavelength Brillouin/Raman DBR fiber laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Output spectrum of multiwavelength Brillouin/Raman DBR with and without the FBG at an RP=372mW.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output spectrum of multiwavelength Brillouin/Raman DBR fiber laser with different RP powers and a fixed BP power of 12.6 dBm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output spectrum multiwavelength Brillouin/Raman DBR fiber laser with different BP powers at a fixed RP power of 372 mW.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Stability performance of the output spectrum at an RP power of 372 mW.

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