Abstract

Enhancement of photoluminescence (PL) intensity from InGaAs/GaAs quantum well (QW) is achieved experimentally by coupling surface plasmon (SP) resonance with QW emission. The SP resonance is generated by fabricating a periodic Au nanodisk array on top of InGaAs/GaAs QW structure. A thin layer of SiO2 between Au nanodisk and GaAs surface has been employed to achieve easy adjustment of the SP resonance. A 4.16 fold enhancement of PL intensity was observed. Theoretical simulation results match well with the experimental results and confirm that the PL emission is enhanced by SP coupling with the fabricated structure.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

G. Sun and J. B. Khurgin, “Plasmon enhancement of luminescence by metal nanoparticles,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 110–118 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, C. Wenshan, J. Young Chul, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Stoerzinger, W. Hasan, J. Y. Lin, A. Robles, and T. W. Odom, “Screening nanopyramid assemblies to optimize surface enhanced Raman scattering,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 1046–1050 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Kulkarni, K. M. Noone, K. Munechika, S. R. Guyer, and D. S. Ginger, “Plasmon-enhanced charge carrier generation in organic photovoltaic films using silver nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 10, 1501–1505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

A. Kinkhabwala, Z. Yu, S. Fan, Y. Avlasevich, K. Mullen, and W. E. Moerner, “Large single-molecule fluorescence enhancements produced by a bowtie nanoantenna,” Nat. Photonics 3, 654–657 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Khurgin and G. Sun, “Enhancement of light absorption in a quantum well by surface plasmon polariton,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 191106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, “Practical enhancement of photoluminescence by metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

Z. Wu, P. E. Powers, A. M. Sarangan, and Q. Zhan, “Optical characterization of wiregrid micropolarizers designed for infrared imaging polarimetry,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1653–1655 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M.-K. Kwon, J.-Y. Kim, B.-H. Kim, I.-K. Park, C.-Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S.-J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20, 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

D.-M. Yeh, C.-Y. Chen, Y.-C. Lu, C.-F. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Formation of various metal nanostructures with thermal annealing to control the effective coupling energy between a surface plasmon and an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Nanotechnology 18, 265402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Willets and R. P. van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and sensing,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 58, 267–297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photonics 1, 641–648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

K. Watanabe, D. Menzel, N. Nilius, and H.-J. Freund, “Photochemistry on metal nanoparticles,” Chem. Rev. 106, 4301–4320 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, “Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (3)

S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, W. L. Barnes, and I. Sage, “Coupled surface plasmon-polariton mediated photoluminescence from a top-emitting organic light-emitting structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Alivisatos, “The use of nanocrystals in biological detection,” Nat. Biotechnol. 22, 47–52 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3, 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

B. Nikoobakht and M. A. El-Sayed, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering studies on aggregated gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 3372–3378 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

K. T. Shimizu, W. K. Woo, B. R. Fisher, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, “Surface-enhanced emission from single semiconductor nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 117401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66, 153305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Wenseleers, F. Stellacci, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, T. Mangel, C. A. Bauer, S. J. K. Pond, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Five orders-of-magnitude enhancement of two-photon absorption for dyes on silver nanoparticle fractal clusters,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 6853–6863 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Y. Shen, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Multiphoton excitation of fluorescence near metallic particles: enhanced and localized excitation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 2191–2195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

P. T. Worthing and W. L. Barnes, “Efficient coupling of surface plasmon polaritons to radiation using a bi-grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3035–3037 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, “Surface plasmon enhanced light-emitting diode,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131–1144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

N. E. Hecker, R. A. Hopfel, N. Sawaki, T. Maier, and G. Strasser, “Surface plasmon-enhanced photoluminescence from a single quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1577–1579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Coupling of InGaN quantum-well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564–11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Porto, F. J. García-Vidal, and J. B. Pendry, “Transmission resonances on metallic gratings with very narrow slits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845–2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Coupling of InGaN quantum-well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564–11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

W. L. Barnes, “Fluorescence near interfaces: the role of photonic mode density,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 661–699 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

H. R. Stuart and D. G. Hall, “Absorption enhancement in silicon-on-insulator waveguides using metal island films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2327–2329 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Alivisatos, P.

P. Alivisatos, “The use of nanocrystals in biological detection,” Nat. Biotechnol. 22, 47–52 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Avlasevich, Y.

A. Kinkhabwala, Z. Yu, S. Fan, Y. Avlasevich, K. Mullen, and W. E. Moerner, “Large single-molecule fluorescence enhancements produced by a bowtie nanoantenna,” Nat. Photonics 3, 654–657 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Barnard, E. S.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, C. Wenshan, J. Young Chul, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, W. L. Barnes, and I. Sage, “Coupled surface plasmon-polariton mediated photoluminescence from a top-emitting organic light-emitting structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. T. Worthing and W. L. Barnes, “Efficient coupling of surface plasmon polaritons to radiation using a bi-grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3035–3037 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, “Fluorescence near interfaces: the role of photonic mode density,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 661–699 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bauer, C. A.

W. Wenseleers, F. Stellacci, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, T. Mangel, C. A. Bauer, S. J. K. Pond, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Five orders-of-magnitude enhancement of two-photon absorption for dyes on silver nanoparticle fractal clusters,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 6853–6863 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bawendi, M. G.

K. T. Shimizu, W. K. Woo, B. R. Fisher, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, “Surface-enhanced emission from single semiconductor nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 117401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boroditsky, M.

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Coupling of InGaN quantum-well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564–11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Coupling of InGaN quantum-well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564–11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brongersma, M. L.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, C. Wenshan, J. Young Chul, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Byeon, C. C.

M.-K. Kwon, J.-Y. Kim, B.-H. Kim, I.-K. Park, C.-Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S.-J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20, 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Catchpole, K. R.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, “Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.-Y.

D.-M. Yeh, C.-Y. Chen, Y.-C. Lu, C.-F. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Formation of various metal nanostructures with thermal annealing to control the effective coupling energy between a surface plasmon and an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Nanotechnology 18, 265402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cho, C.-Y.

M.-K. Kwon, J.-Y. Kim, B.-H. Kim, I.-K. Park, C.-Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S.-J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20, 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

DenBaars, S. P.

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Coupling of InGaN quantum-well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564–11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Coupling of InGaN quantum-well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564–11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eisler, H. J.

K. T. Shimizu, W. K. Woo, B. R. Fisher, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, “Surface-enhanced emission from single semiconductor nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 117401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

El-Sayed, M. A.

B. Nikoobakht and M. A. El-Sayed, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering studies on aggregated gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 3372–3378 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Everitt, H. O.

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66, 153305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

A. Kinkhabwala, Z. Yu, S. Fan, Y. Avlasevich, K. Mullen, and W. E. Moerner, “Large single-molecule fluorescence enhancements produced by a bowtie nanoantenna,” Nat. Photonics 3, 654–657 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Feng, J.

Fisher, B. R.

K. T. Shimizu, W. K. Woo, B. R. Fisher, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, “Surface-enhanced emission from single semiconductor nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 117401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Freund, H.-J.

K. Watanabe, D. Menzel, N. Nilius, and H.-J. Freund, “Photochemistry on metal nanoparticles,” Chem. Rev. 106, 4301–4320 (2006).
[CrossRef]

García-Vidal, F. J.

J. A. Porto, F. J. García-Vidal, and J. B. Pendry, “Transmission resonances on metallic gratings with very narrow slits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845–2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ginger, D. S.

A. P. Kulkarni, K. M. Noone, K. Munechika, S. R. Guyer, and D. S. Ginger, “Plasmon-enhanced charge carrier generation in organic photovoltaic films using silver nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 10, 1501–1505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gontijo, I.

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Coupling of InGaN quantum-well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564–11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Coupling of InGaN quantum-well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564–11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Green, M. A.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, “Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gryczynski, I.

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Y. Shen, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Multiphoton excitation of fluorescence near metallic particles: enhanced and localized excitation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 2191–2195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gryczynski, Z.

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Y. Shen, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Multiphoton excitation of fluorescence near metallic particles: enhanced and localized excitation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 2191–2195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Guyer, S. R.

A. P. Kulkarni, K. M. Noone, K. Munechika, S. R. Guyer, and D. S. Ginger, “Plasmon-enhanced charge carrier generation in organic photovoltaic films using silver nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 10, 1501–1505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Halas, N. J.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photonics 1, 641–648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hall, D. G.

H. R. Stuart and D. G. Hall, “Absorption enhancement in silicon-on-insulator waveguides using metal island films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2327–2329 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hasan, W.

K. A. Stoerzinger, W. Hasan, J. Y. Lin, A. Robles, and T. W. Odom, “Screening nanopyramid assemblies to optimize surface enhanced Raman scattering,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 1046–1050 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hecker, N. E.

N. E. Hecker, R. A. Hopfel, N. Sawaki, T. Maier, and G. Strasser, “Surface plasmon-enhanced photoluminescence from a single quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1577–1579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hopfel, R. A.

N. E. Hecker, R. A. Hopfel, N. Sawaki, T. Maier, and G. Strasser, “Surface plasmon-enhanced photoluminescence from a single quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1577–1579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.-F.

D.-M. Yeh, C.-Y. Chen, Y.-C. Lu, C.-F. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Formation of various metal nanostructures with thermal annealing to control the effective coupling energy between a surface plasmon and an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Nanotechnology 18, 265402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kawakami, Y.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

Keller, S.

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Coupling of InGaN quantum-well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564–11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Coupling of InGaN quantum-well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564–11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Khurgin, J. B.

G. Sun and J. B. Khurgin, “Plasmon enhancement of luminescence by metal nanoparticles,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 110–118 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Khurgin and G. Sun, “Enhancement of light absorption in a quantum well by surface plasmon polariton,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 191106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, “Practical enhancement of photoluminescence by metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B.-H.

M.-K. Kwon, J.-Y. Kim, B.-H. Kim, I.-K. Park, C.-Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S.-J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20, 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.-Y.

M.-K. Kwon, J.-Y. Kim, B.-H. Kim, I.-K. Park, C.-Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S.-J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20, 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kinkhabwala, A.

A. Kinkhabwala, Z. Yu, S. Fan, Y. Avlasevich, K. Mullen, and W. E. Moerner, “Large single-molecule fluorescence enhancements produced by a bowtie nanoantenna,” Nat. Photonics 3, 654–657 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kulkarni, A. P.

A. P. Kulkarni, K. M. Noone, K. Munechika, S. R. Guyer, and D. S. Ginger, “Plasmon-enhanced charge carrier generation in organic photovoltaic films using silver nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 10, 1501–1505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kuroda, T.

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66, 153305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, M.-K.

M.-K. Kwon, J.-Y. Kim, B.-H. Kim, I.-K. Park, C.-Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S.-J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20, 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lakowicz, J. R.

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Y. Shen, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Multiphoton excitation of fluorescence near metallic particles: enhanced and localized excitation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 2191–2195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lal, S.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photonics 1, 641–648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-W.

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66, 153305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J. Y.

K. A. Stoerzinger, W. Hasan, J. Y. Lin, A. Robles, and T. W. Odom, “Screening nanopyramid assemblies to optimize surface enhanced Raman scattering,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 1046–1050 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Link, S.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photonics 1, 641–648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Loncar, M.

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, “Surface plasmon enhanced light-emitting diode,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131–1144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.-C.

D.-M. Yeh, C.-Y. Chen, Y.-C. Lu, C.-F. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Formation of various metal nanostructures with thermal annealing to control the effective coupling energy between a surface plasmon and an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Nanotechnology 18, 265402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maier, T.

N. E. Hecker, R. A. Hopfel, N. Sawaki, T. Maier, and G. Strasser, “Surface plasmon-enhanced photoluminescence from a single quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1577–1579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Malicka, J.

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Y. Shen, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Multiphoton excitation of fluorescence near metallic particles: enhanced and localized excitation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 2191–2195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mangel, T.

W. Wenseleers, F. Stellacci, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, T. Mangel, C. A. Bauer, S. J. K. Pond, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Five orders-of-magnitude enhancement of two-photon absorption for dyes on silver nanoparticle fractal clusters,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 6853–6863 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Marder, S. R.

W. Wenseleers, F. Stellacci, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, T. Mangel, C. A. Bauer, S. J. K. Pond, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Five orders-of-magnitude enhancement of two-photon absorption for dyes on silver nanoparticle fractal clusters,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 6853–6863 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Menzel, D.

K. Watanabe, D. Menzel, N. Nilius, and H.-J. Freund, “Photochemistry on metal nanoparticles,” Chem. Rev. 106, 4301–4320 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meyer-Friedrichsen, T.

W. Wenseleers, F. Stellacci, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, T. Mangel, C. A. Bauer, S. J. K. Pond, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Five orders-of-magnitude enhancement of two-photon absorption for dyes on silver nanoparticle fractal clusters,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 6853–6863 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mishra, U. K.

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Coupling of InGaN quantum-well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564–11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Coupling of InGaN quantum-well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564–11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moerner, W. E.

A. Kinkhabwala, Z. Yu, S. Fan, Y. Avlasevich, K. Mullen, and W. E. Moerner, “Large single-molecule fluorescence enhancements produced by a bowtie nanoantenna,” Nat. Photonics 3, 654–657 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, T.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3, 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mullen, K.

A. Kinkhabwala, Z. Yu, S. Fan, Y. Avlasevich, K. Mullen, and W. E. Moerner, “Large single-molecule fluorescence enhancements produced by a bowtie nanoantenna,” Nat. Photonics 3, 654–657 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Munechika, K.

A. P. Kulkarni, K. M. Noone, K. Munechika, S. R. Guyer, and D. S. Ginger, “Plasmon-enhanced charge carrier generation in organic photovoltaic films using silver nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 10, 1501–1505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Narukawa, Y.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3, 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Neal, T.

Neogi, A.

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66, 153305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Niki, I.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3, 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nikoobakht, B.

B. Nikoobakht and M. A. El-Sayed, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering studies on aggregated gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 3372–3378 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nilius, N.

K. Watanabe, D. Menzel, N. Nilius, and H.-J. Freund, “Photochemistry on metal nanoparticles,” Chem. Rev. 106, 4301–4320 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Noone, K. M.

A. P. Kulkarni, K. M. Noone, K. Munechika, S. R. Guyer, and D. S. Ginger, “Plasmon-enhanced charge carrier generation in organic photovoltaic films using silver nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 10, 1501–1505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Odom, T. W.

K. A. Stoerzinger, W. Hasan, J. Y. Lin, A. Robles, and T. W. Odom, “Screening nanopyramid assemblies to optimize surface enhanced Raman scattering,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 1046–1050 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Neal, K. Okamoto, and A. Scherer, “Surface plasmon enhanced emission from dye doped polymer layers,” Opt. Express 13, 5522–5527 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3, 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, T.

Park, I.-K.

M.-K. Kwon, J.-Y. Kim, B.-H. Kim, I.-K. Park, C.-Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S.-J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20, 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.-J.

M.-K. Kwon, J.-Y. Kim, B.-H. Kim, I.-K. Park, C.-Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S.-J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20, 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

J. A. Porto, F. J. García-Vidal, and J. B. Pendry, “Transmission resonances on metallic gratings with very narrow slits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845–2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Perry, J. W.

W. Wenseleers, F. Stellacci, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, T. Mangel, C. A. Bauer, S. J. K. Pond, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Five orders-of-magnitude enhancement of two-photon absorption for dyes on silver nanoparticle fractal clusters,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 6853–6863 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pillai, S.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, “Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pond, S. J. K.

W. Wenseleers, F. Stellacci, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, T. Mangel, C. A. Bauer, S. J. K. Pond, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Five orders-of-magnitude enhancement of two-photon absorption for dyes on silver nanoparticle fractal clusters,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 6853–6863 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Porto, J. A.

J. A. Porto, F. J. García-Vidal, and J. B. Pendry, “Transmission resonances on metallic gratings with very narrow slits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845–2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Powers, P. E.

Robles, A.

K. A. Stoerzinger, W. Hasan, J. Y. Lin, A. Robles, and T. W. Odom, “Screening nanopyramid assemblies to optimize surface enhanced Raman scattering,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 1046–1050 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sage, I.

S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, W. L. Barnes, and I. Sage, “Coupled surface plasmon-polariton mediated photoluminescence from a top-emitting organic light-emitting structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sarangan, A. M.

Sawaki, N.

N. E. Hecker, R. A. Hopfel, N. Sawaki, T. Maier, and G. Strasser, “Surface plasmon-enhanced photoluminescence from a single quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1577–1579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

T. Neal, K. Okamoto, and A. Scherer, “Surface plasmon enhanced emission from dye doped polymer layers,” Opt. Express 13, 5522–5527 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3, 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, “Surface plasmon enhanced light-emitting diode,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131–1144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schuller, J. A.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, C. Wenshan, J. Young Chul, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Y. Shen, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Multiphoton excitation of fluorescence near metallic particles: enhanced and localized excitation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 2191–2195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, K. T.

K. T. Shimizu, W. K. Woo, B. R. Fisher, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, “Surface-enhanced emission from single semiconductor nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 117401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shvartser, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3, 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Soref, R. A.

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, “Practical enhancement of photoluminescence by metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stellacci, F.

W. Wenseleers, F. Stellacci, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, T. Mangel, C. A. Bauer, S. J. K. Pond, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Five orders-of-magnitude enhancement of two-photon absorption for dyes on silver nanoparticle fractal clusters,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 6853–6863 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stoerzinger, K. A.

K. A. Stoerzinger, W. Hasan, J. Y. Lin, A. Robles, and T. W. Odom, “Screening nanopyramid assemblies to optimize surface enhanced Raman scattering,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 1046–1050 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Strasser, G.

N. E. Hecker, R. A. Hopfel, N. Sawaki, T. Maier, and G. Strasser, “Surface plasmon-enhanced photoluminescence from a single quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1577–1579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, H. R.

H. R. Stuart and D. G. Hall, “Absorption enhancement in silicon-on-insulator waveguides using metal island films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2327–2329 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sun, G.

G. Sun and J. B. Khurgin, “Plasmon enhancement of luminescence by metal nanoparticles,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 110–118 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, “Practical enhancement of photoluminescence by metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Khurgin and G. Sun, “Enhancement of light absorption in a quantum well by surface plasmon polariton,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 191106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tackeuchi, A.

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66, 153305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Trupke, T.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, “Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

van Duyne, R. P.

K. A. Willets and R. P. van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and sensing,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 58, 267–297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vuckovic, J.

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, “Surface plasmon enhanced light-emitting diode,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131–1144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wasey, J. A. E.

S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, W. L. Barnes, and I. Sage, “Coupled surface plasmon-polariton mediated photoluminescence from a top-emitting organic light-emitting structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, K.

K. Watanabe, D. Menzel, N. Nilius, and H.-J. Freund, “Photochemistry on metal nanoparticles,” Chem. Rev. 106, 4301–4320 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wedge, S.

S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, W. L. Barnes, and I. Sage, “Coupled surface plasmon-polariton mediated photoluminescence from a top-emitting organic light-emitting structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wenseleers, W.

W. Wenseleers, F. Stellacci, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, T. Mangel, C. A. Bauer, S. J. K. Pond, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Five orders-of-magnitude enhancement of two-photon absorption for dyes on silver nanoparticle fractal clusters,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 6853–6863 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wenshan, C.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, C. Wenshan, J. Young Chul, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef]

White, J. S.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, C. Wenshan, J. Young Chul, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Willets, K. A.

K. A. Willets and R. P. van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and sensing,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 58, 267–297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Woo, W. K.

K. T. Shimizu, W. K. Woo, B. R. Fisher, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, “Surface-enhanced emission from single semiconductor nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 117401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Worthing, P. T.

P. T. Worthing and W. L. Barnes, “Efficient coupling of surface plasmon polaritons to radiation using a bi-grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3035–3037 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Z.

Yablonovitch, E.

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66, 153305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Coupling of InGaN quantum-well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564–11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Coupling of InGaN quantum-well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564–11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C. C.

D.-M. Yeh, C.-Y. Chen, Y.-C. Lu, C.-F. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Formation of various metal nanostructures with thermal annealing to control the effective coupling energy between a surface plasmon and an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Nanotechnology 18, 265402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, D.-M.

D.-M. Yeh, C.-Y. Chen, Y.-C. Lu, C.-F. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Formation of various metal nanostructures with thermal annealing to control the effective coupling energy between a surface plasmon and an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Nanotechnology 18, 265402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Young Chul, J.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, C. Wenshan, J. Young Chul, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Z.

A. Kinkhabwala, Z. Yu, S. Fan, Y. Avlasevich, K. Mullen, and W. E. Moerner, “Large single-molecule fluorescence enhancements produced by a bowtie nanoantenna,” Nat. Photonics 3, 654–657 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhan, Q.

Zhang, G.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, “Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, “Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

M.-K. Kwon, J.-Y. Kim, B.-H. Kim, I.-K. Park, C.-Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S.-J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20, 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

K. A. Willets and R. P. van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and sensing,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 58, 267–297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (8)

J. B. Khurgin and G. Sun, “Enhancement of light absorption in a quantum well by surface plasmon polariton,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 191106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, “Practical enhancement of photoluminescence by metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, W. L. Barnes, and I. Sage, “Coupled surface plasmon-polariton mediated photoluminescence from a top-emitting organic light-emitting structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, “Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic illustration of sample fabrication process, (b) The SEM image of Au nanodisk arrays formed on top of QW.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

PL spectra of as-grown sample (dashed curve) and sample with SiO2/Au nanodisk arrays (solid curve).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Reflectance spectrum of Sample A: Au nanodisk arrays on SiO2 on top of as-grown sample (PL 945nm).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Schematic illustration of simulated structure. (b) Spectrum of E intensity variation with wavelength.

Equations (1)

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dz=λ2πεdεmεd2,

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