Abstract

The commissioning of the Orion laser facility at the Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE) in the UK has recently been completed. The facility is a twelve beam Nd:glass-based system for studying high energy density physics. It consists of ten frequency-tripled beam-lines operating with nanosecond pulses, synchronized with two beam-lines with subpicosecond pulses, each capable of delivering 500 J to target. One of the short pulse beams has the option of frequency doubling, at reduced aperture, to yield up to 100 J at 527 nm in a subpicosecond pulse with high temporal contrast. An extensive array of target diagnostics is provided. This article describes the laser design and commissioning and presents key performance data of the facility’s laser systems.

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  1. M. J. Norman, J. E. Andrew, T. H. Bett, R. K. Clifford, J. E. England, N. W. Hopps, K. W. Parker, K. Porter, and M. Stevenson, “Multipass reconfiguration of the HELEN Nd:glass laser at the Atomic Weapons Establishment,” Appl. Opt. 41, 3497–3505 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. D. I. Hillier, D. N. Winter, and N. W. Hopps, “Pulse generation and preamplification for long pulse beamlines of the Orion laser facility,” Appl. Opt. 49, 3006–3013 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  15. I. Musgrave, W. Shaikh, M. Galimberti, A. Boyle, C. Hernandez-Gomez, K. Lancaster, and R. Heathcote, “Picosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier as a preamplifier to generate high-energy seed pulses for contrast enhancement,” Appl. Opt. 49, 6558–6562 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. I. Hillier, C. N. Danson, S. Duffield, D. Egan, S. Elsmere, M. T. Girling, E. J. Harvey, N. W. Hopps, M. J. Norman, S. J. F. Parker, P. A. Treadwell, D. N. Winter, and T. H. Bett, AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire, UK, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Ultra high contrast from a frequency doubled CPA beamline.”
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2010 (3)

2007 (4)

C. Dorrer and J. D. Zuegel, “Design and analysis of binary beam shapers using error diffusion,” J Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1268–1275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Treadwell, “Four-dimensional treatment of frequency conversion and the effect of smoothing by spectral dispersion,” Proc. SPIE 6455, 64550M (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Dorrer, I. A. Begishev, A. V. Okishev, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-contrast optical-parametric amplifier as a front end of high-power laser systems,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2143–2145 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Bowers, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, G. Erbert, J. Heebner, M. Hermann, and D. Jedlovec, “The injection laser system on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511M (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Kalashnikov, E. Risse, H. Schönnagel, A. Husakou, J. Herrmann, and W. Sandner, “Characterisation of a nonlinear filter for the front-end of a high contrast double-CPA Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Express 12, 5088–5097 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1996 (1)

Andrew, J. E.

Begishev, I. A.

Bett, T. H.

M. J. Norman, J. E. Andrew, T. H. Bett, R. K. Clifford, J. E. England, N. W. Hopps, K. W. Parker, K. Porter, and M. Stevenson, “Multipass reconfiguration of the HELEN Nd:glass laser at the Atomic Weapons Establishment,” Appl. Opt. 41, 3497–3505 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. I. Hillier, C. N. Danson, S. Duffield, D. Egan, S. Elsmere, M. T. Girling, E. J. Harvey, N. W. Hopps, M. J. Norman, S. J. F. Parker, P. A. Treadwell, D. N. Winter, and T. H. Bett, AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire, UK, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Ultra high contrast from a frequency doubled CPA beamline.”

Bowers, M.

M. Bowers, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, G. Erbert, J. Heebner, M. Hermann, and D. Jedlovec, “The injection laser system on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511M (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boyle, A.

Brummitt, P. A.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Burkhart, S.

M. Bowers, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, G. Erbert, J. Heebner, M. Hermann, and D. Jedlovec, “The injection laser system on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511M (2007).
[CrossRef]

Clarke, R. J.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Clifford, R. K.

Cohen, S.

M. Bowers, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, G. Erbert, J. Heebner, M. Hermann, and D. Jedlovec, “The injection laser system on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511M (2007).
[CrossRef]

Collier, J. L.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Danson, C. N.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. I. Hillier, C. N. Danson, S. Duffield, D. Egan, S. Elsmere, M. T. Girling, E. J. Harvey, N. W. Hopps, M. J. Norman, S. J. F. Parker, P. A. Treadwell, D. N. Winter, and T. H. Bett, AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire, UK, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Ultra high contrast from a frequency doubled CPA beamline.”

Dorrer, C.

C. Dorrer and J. D. Zuegel, “Design and analysis of binary beam shapers using error diffusion,” J Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1268–1275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Dorrer, I. A. Begishev, A. V. Okishev, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-contrast optical-parametric amplifier as a front end of high-power laser systems,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2143–2145 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Duffield, S.

D. I. Hillier, C. N. Danson, S. Duffield, D. Egan, S. Elsmere, M. T. Girling, E. J. Harvey, N. W. Hopps, M. J. Norman, S. J. F. Parker, P. A. Treadwell, D. N. Winter, and T. H. Bett, AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire, UK, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Ultra high contrast from a frequency doubled CPA beamline.”

Egan, D.

D. I. Hillier, C. N. Danson, S. Duffield, D. Egan, S. Elsmere, M. T. Girling, E. J. Harvey, N. W. Hopps, M. J. Norman, S. J. F. Parker, P. A. Treadwell, D. N. Winter, and T. H. Bett, AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire, UK, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Ultra high contrast from a frequency doubled CPA beamline.”

Elsmere, S.

D. I. Hillier, C. N. Danson, S. Duffield, D. Egan, S. Elsmere, M. T. Girling, E. J. Harvey, N. W. Hopps, M. J. Norman, S. J. F. Parker, P. A. Treadwell, D. N. Winter, and T. H. Bett, AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire, UK, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Ultra high contrast from a frequency doubled CPA beamline.”

England, J. E.

Erbert, G.

M. Bowers, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, G. Erbert, J. Heebner, M. Hermann, and D. Jedlovec, “The injection laser system on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511M (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fell, B.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Frackiewicz, A. J.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Galimberti, M.

Girling, M. T.

M. T. Girling, S. J. F. Parker, D. Hussey, and N. W. Hopps, “High energy and high stability optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier for seeding the petawatt beamlines of the Orion laser facility,” Proc. SPIE 7721, 7721122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. I. Hillier, C. N. Danson, S. Duffield, D. Egan, S. Elsmere, M. T. Girling, E. J. Harvey, N. W. Hopps, M. J. Norman, S. J. F. Parker, P. A. Treadwell, D. N. Winter, and T. H. Bett, AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire, UK, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Ultra high contrast from a frequency doubled CPA beamline.”

Hancock, S.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Haney, S. W.

R. A. Sacks, M. A. Henesian, S. W. Haney, and J. B. Trenholme, “The PROP92 Fourier beam propagation code,” ICF Quarterly Report UCRL-LR-105821-96-4 (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1996), Vol. 6, pp. 207–213.

Harvey, E. J.

D. I. Hillier, C. N. Danson, S. Duffield, D. Egan, S. Elsmere, M. T. Girling, E. J. Harvey, N. W. Hopps, M. J. Norman, S. J. F. Parker, P. A. Treadwell, D. N. Winter, and T. H. Bett, AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire, UK, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Ultra high contrast from a frequency doubled CPA beamline.”

Hawkes, S.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heathcote, R.

Heebner, J.

M. Bowers, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, G. Erbert, J. Heebner, M. Hermann, and D. Jedlovec, “The injection laser system on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511M (2007).
[CrossRef]

Henesian, M. A.

R. A. Sacks, M. A. Henesian, S. W. Haney, and J. B. Trenholme, “The PROP92 Fourier beam propagation code,” ICF Quarterly Report UCRL-LR-105821-96-4 (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1996), Vol. 6, pp. 207–213.

Hermann, M.

M. Bowers, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, G. Erbert, J. Heebner, M. Hermann, and D. Jedlovec, “The injection laser system on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511M (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hernandez-Gomez, C.

I. Musgrave, W. Shaikh, M. Galimberti, A. Boyle, C. Hernandez-Gomez, K. Lancaster, and R. Heathcote, “Picosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier as a preamplifier to generate high-energy seed pulses for contrast enhancement,” Appl. Opt. 49, 6558–6562 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, J.

Hillier, D. I.

D. I. Hillier, D. N. Winter, and N. W. Hopps, “Pulse generation and preamplification for long pulse beamlines of the Orion laser facility,” Appl. Opt. 49, 3006–3013 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. I. Hillier, C. N. Danson, S. Duffield, D. Egan, S. Elsmere, M. T. Girling, E. J. Harvey, N. W. Hopps, M. J. Norman, S. J. F. Parker, P. A. Treadwell, D. N. Winter, and T. H. Bett, AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire, UK, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Ultra high contrast from a frequency doubled CPA beamline.”

Holligan, P.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hopps, N. W.

M. T. Girling, S. J. F. Parker, D. Hussey, and N. W. Hopps, “High energy and high stability optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier for seeding the petawatt beamlines of the Orion laser facility,” Proc. SPIE 7721, 7721122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. I. Hillier, D. N. Winter, and N. W. Hopps, “Pulse generation and preamplification for long pulse beamlines of the Orion laser facility,” Appl. Opt. 49, 3006–3013 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Norman, J. E. Andrew, T. H. Bett, R. K. Clifford, J. E. England, N. W. Hopps, K. W. Parker, K. Porter, and M. Stevenson, “Multipass reconfiguration of the HELEN Nd:glass laser at the Atomic Weapons Establishment,” Appl. Opt. 41, 3497–3505 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. I. Hillier, C. N. Danson, S. Duffield, D. Egan, S. Elsmere, M. T. Girling, E. J. Harvey, N. W. Hopps, M. J. Norman, S. J. F. Parker, P. A. Treadwell, D. N. Winter, and T. H. Bett, AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire, UK, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Ultra high contrast from a frequency doubled CPA beamline.”

Husakou, A.

Hussey, D.

M. T. Girling, S. J. F. Parker, D. Hussey, and N. W. Hopps, “High energy and high stability optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier for seeding the petawatt beamlines of the Orion laser facility,” Proc. SPIE 7721, 7721122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jedlovec, D.

M. Bowers, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, G. Erbert, J. Heebner, M. Hermann, and D. Jedlovec, “The injection laser system on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511M (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kalashnikov, M. P.

Kessler, T. J.

Kidd, A.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lancaster, K.

Lawrence, G. N.

Lester, W. J.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.

Musgrave, I.

Musgrave, I. O.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Neely, D.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Neville, D. R.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Norman, M. J.

M. J. Norman, J. E. Andrew, T. H. Bett, R. K. Clifford, J. E. England, N. W. Hopps, K. W. Parker, K. Porter, and M. Stevenson, “Multipass reconfiguration of the HELEN Nd:glass laser at the Atomic Weapons Establishment,” Appl. Opt. 41, 3497–3505 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. I. Hillier, C. N. Danson, S. Duffield, D. Egan, S. Elsmere, M. T. Girling, E. J. Harvey, N. W. Hopps, M. J. Norman, S. J. F. Parker, P. A. Treadwell, D. N. Winter, and T. H. Bett, AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire, UK, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Ultra high contrast from a frequency doubled CPA beamline.”

Norreys, P. A.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Okishev, A. V.

Parker, K. W.

Parker, S. J. F.

M. T. Girling, S. J. F. Parker, D. Hussey, and N. W. Hopps, “High energy and high stability optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier for seeding the petawatt beamlines of the Orion laser facility,” Proc. SPIE 7721, 7721122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. I. Hillier, C. N. Danson, S. Duffield, D. Egan, S. Elsmere, M. T. Girling, E. J. Harvey, N. W. Hopps, M. J. Norman, S. J. F. Parker, P. A. Treadwell, D. N. Winter, and T. H. Bett, AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire, UK, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Ultra high contrast from a frequency doubled CPA beamline.”

Pepler, D. A.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Porter, K.

Reason, C. J.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Risse, E.

Sacks, R. A.

R. A. Sacks, M. A. Henesian, S. W. Haney, and J. B. Trenholme, “The PROP92 Fourier beam propagation code,” ICF Quarterly Report UCRL-LR-105821-96-4 (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1996), Vol. 6, pp. 207–213.

Sandner, W.

Schönnagel, H.

Shaikh, W.

I. Musgrave, W. Shaikh, M. Galimberti, A. Boyle, C. Hernandez-Gomez, K. Lancaster, and R. Heathcote, “Picosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier as a preamplifier to generate high-energy seed pulses for contrast enhancement,” Appl. Opt. 49, 6558–6562 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stevenson, M.

Treadwell, P. A.

P. A. Treadwell, “Four-dimensional treatment of frequency conversion and the effect of smoothing by spectral dispersion,” Proc. SPIE 6455, 64550M (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. I. Hillier, C. N. Danson, S. Duffield, D. Egan, S. Elsmere, M. T. Girling, E. J. Harvey, N. W. Hopps, M. J. Norman, S. J. F. Parker, P. A. Treadwell, D. N. Winter, and T. H. Bett, AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire, UK, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Ultra high contrast from a frequency doubled CPA beamline.”

Trenholme, J. B.

R. A. Sacks, M. A. Henesian, S. W. Haney, and J. B. Trenholme, “The PROP92 Fourier beam propagation code,” ICF Quarterly Report UCRL-LR-105821-96-4 (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1996), Vol. 6, pp. 207–213.

Winstone, T. B.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Winter, D. N.

D. I. Hillier, D. N. Winter, and N. W. Hopps, “Pulse generation and preamplification for long pulse beamlines of the Orion laser facility,” Appl. Opt. 49, 3006–3013 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. I. Hillier, C. N. Danson, S. Duffield, D. Egan, S. Elsmere, M. T. Girling, E. J. Harvey, N. W. Hopps, M. J. Norman, S. J. F. Parker, P. A. Treadwell, D. N. Winter, and T. H. Bett, AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire, UK, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Ultra high contrast from a frequency doubled CPA beamline.”

Wyatt, R. W. W.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wyborn, B. E.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zuegel, J. D.

C. Dorrer and J. D. Zuegel, “Design and analysis of binary beam shapers using error diffusion,” J Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1268–1275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Dorrer, I. A. Begishev, A. V. Okishev, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-contrast optical-parametric amplifier as a front end of high-power laser systems,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2143–2145 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

J Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

C. Dorrer and J. D. Zuegel, “Design and analysis of binary beam shapers using error diffusion,” J Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1268–1275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Fusion (1)

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (3)

P. A. Treadwell, “Four-dimensional treatment of frequency conversion and the effect of smoothing by spectral dispersion,” Proc. SPIE 6455, 64550M (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Girling, S. J. F. Parker, D. Hussey, and N. W. Hopps, “High energy and high stability optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier for seeding the petawatt beamlines of the Orion laser facility,” Proc. SPIE 7721, 7721122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bowers, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, G. Erbert, J. Heebner, M. Hermann, and D. Jedlovec, “The injection laser system on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511M (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

D. I. Hillier, C. N. Danson, S. Duffield, D. Egan, S. Elsmere, M. T. Girling, E. J. Harvey, N. W. Hopps, M. J. Norman, S. J. F. Parker, P. A. Treadwell, D. N. Winter, and T. H. Bett, AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire, UK, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Ultra high contrast from a frequency doubled CPA beamline.”

http://www.fastlite.com/en/cat465017-460522-Wizzler.html .

http://www.swampoptics.com/products_grenoverview.htm .

“High-conversion-efficiency optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system,” LLE Review93, 33–37 (2002).

R. A. Sacks, M. A. Henesian, S. W. Haney, and J. B. Trenholme, “The PROP92 Fourier beam propagation code,” ICF Quarterly Report UCRL-LR-105821-96-4 (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1996), Vol. 6, pp. 207–213.

“Microwave phase modulators for smoothing by spectral dispersion,” LLE Review68, 109–208 (1996).

“High-frequency bulk phase modulator for broadband smoothing by spectral dispersion on OMEGA,” LLE Review78, 53–61 (1999).

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Figures (18)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic image of the Orion facility.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic representation of the long pulse front end.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic representation of a long pulse amplifier chain.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Schematic representation of the third harmonic beam transport. Beam paths are symmetric about the target plane.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured fundamental 1053 nm output energy and modeled beam-line performance.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Streak camera measurements at 1053 nm of the input (dashed) and output (black) temporal profiles of a long pulse beam-line. Modeled output pulse shape, based on the measured input pulse shape and the measured energy, is shown in solid gray.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a) Representative far-field image at 1053 nm. (b) Associated measured wavefront of a long pulse beam-line. Peak-valley wavefront error is 2.8 waves.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

(a) Near field and (b) far-field beam profiles measured at 351 nm, taken on the same shot as the data shown in Fig. 7. Scale bar represents the scale at the target plane.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Measured frequency conversion efficiency (diamonds) as a function of crystal assembly angles about a (a) vertical axis and (b) horizontal axis. Output of the frequency conversion model for the measured input pulse parameters is also shown (squares).

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Schematic representation of a short pulse beam-line.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Input/output spectra of the OPCPA preamplifier and (inset) the output near field profile.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Short pulse rod output spectra in the cases of all phosphate gain, all silicate gain, and combined glass gain.

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

Short pulse beam-line output measured as a function of OPCPA set-point energy. Also shown is the simple gain saturation model used to inform shot setup parameters.

Fig. 14.
Fig. 14.

Near-field profiles (a) at the output of the short pulse beam-line amplifier chain and (b) at the compressor output.

Fig. 15.
Fig. 15.

Measured spectrum into the compressor system and the calculated transmitted spectrum.

Fig. 16.
Fig. 16.

Sample autocorrelation trace, taken with the in-house built second-order, single shot autocorrelator.

Fig. 17.
Fig. 17.

Comparison of Grenouille and Wizzler measurements taken on the same shot.

Fig. 18.
Fig. 18.

(a) Equivalent plane focal spot measurement on a high energy shot. (b) X-ray pinhole camera image, taken with a 15 μm pinhole.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Long Pulse Beam-line Model Description

Metrics