Abstract

In this article, we present a simple method to realize a sensor of ultrahigh sensitivity and compact size by employing a feedback double ring resonator. We demonstrate that this method has not only a higher sensitivity than an optimal add–drop resonator (ADR), but also a relatively high performance when the Q factor drops. Furthermore, we show that this sensing system can overcome the limitation of Q factor on system sensitivity by 2 orders of magnitude in comparison to the corresponding ADR. Thus, the proposal in this paper provides a promising and feasible scheme to realize a highly effective sensor that is weakly dependent on the Q factor of the system.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. Z. X. Xia, Y. Chen, and Z. P. Zhou, “Dual waveguide coupled microring resonator sensor based on intensity detection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 100–107 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C.-Y. Chao and L. J. Guo, “Biochemical sensors based on polymer microrings with sharp asymmetrical resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1527–1529 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

2009 (4)

M. Terrel, M. J. F. Digonnet, and S. H. Fan, “Ring-coupled Mach–Zehnder interferometer optimized for sensing,” Appl. Opt. 48, 4874–4879 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Wang, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, G. Farrell, Y. Ti, and J. Zheng, “Macrobending single-mode fiber-based refractometer,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6044–6049 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Wang, “Fiber loop ringdown—a time-domain sensing technique for multi-function fiber optic sensor platforms: current status and design perspectives,” Sensors 9, 7595–7621 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Lu, L. Q. Men, K. Sooley, and Q. Y. Chen, “Tapered fiber Mach–Zehnder interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 131110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

S. Darmawan, Y. M. Landobasa, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and M. K. Chin, “Nested-ring Mach–Zehnder interferometer in silicon-on-insulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 9–11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. X. Xia, Y. Chen, and Z. P. Zhou, “Dual waveguide coupled microring resonator sensor based on intensity detection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 100–107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

M. S. Shahriar, G. S. Pati, R. Tripathi, V. Gopal, M. Messall, and K. Salit, “Ultrahigh enhancement in absolute and relative rotation sensing using fast and slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 053807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Darmawan, Y. M. Landobasa, and M. K. Chin, “Nested ring Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Express 15, 437–448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Sumetsky, “Optimization of optical ring resonator devices for sensing applications,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2577–2579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2004 (1)

J. E. Heebner, V. Wong, A. Schweinsberg, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Jackson, “Optical transmission characteristics of fiber ring resonators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 726–730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

S. Arnold, M. Khoshsima, I. Teraoka, S. Holler, and F. Vollmer, “Shift of whispering-gallery modes in microspheres by protein adsorption,” Opt. Lett. 28, 272–274 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C.-Y. Chao and L. J. Guo, “Biochemical sensors based on polymer microrings with sharp asymmetrical resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1527–1529 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, S.

Baets, R.

S. Darmawan, Y. M. Landobasa, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and M. K. Chin, “Nested-ring Mach–Zehnder interferometer in silicon-on-insulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 9–11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

J. E. Heebner, V. Wong, A. Schweinsberg, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Jackson, “Optical transmission characteristics of fiber ring resonators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 726–730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chao, C. Y.

Chao, C.-Y.

C.-Y. Chao and L. J. Guo, “Design and optimization of microring resonators in biochemical sensing applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1395–1402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C.-Y. Chao and L. J. Guo, “Biochemical sensors based on polymer microrings with sharp asymmetrical resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1527–1529 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Q. Y.

P. Lu, L. Q. Men, K. Sooley, and Q. Y. Chen, “Tapered fiber Mach–Zehnder interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 131110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Z. X. Xia, Y. Chen, and Z. P. Zhou, “Dual waveguide coupled microring resonator sensor based on intensity detection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 100–107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chin, M. K.

S. Darmawan, Y. M. Landobasa, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and M. K. Chin, “Nested-ring Mach–Zehnder interferometer in silicon-on-insulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 9–11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Darmawan, Y. M. Landobasa, and M. K. Chin, “Nested ring Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Express 15, 437–448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Darmawan, S.

S. Darmawan, Y. M. Landobasa, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and M. K. Chin, “Nested-ring Mach–Zehnder interferometer in silicon-on-insulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 9–11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Darmawan, Y. M. Landobasa, and M. K. Chin, “Nested ring Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Express 15, 437–448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Donlagic, D.

Dumon, P.

S. Darmawan, Y. M. Landobasa, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and M. K. Chin, “Nested-ring Mach–Zehnder interferometer in silicon-on-insulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 9–11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S. H.

Farrell, G.

Gondarenko, A.

Gopal, V.

M. S. Shahriar, G. S. Pati, R. Tripathi, V. Gopal, M. Messall, and K. Salit, “Ultrahigh enhancement in absolute and relative rotation sensing using fast and slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 053807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guha, B.

Guo, L. J.

Heebner, J. E.

J. E. Heebner, V. Wong, A. Schweinsberg, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Jackson, “Optical transmission characteristics of fiber ring resonators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 726–730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Herath, C.

Holler, S.

Jackson, D. J.

J. E. Heebner, V. Wong, A. Schweinsberg, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Jackson, “Optical transmission characteristics of fiber ring resonators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 726–730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Khoshsima, M.

Landobasa, Y. M.

S. Darmawan, Y. M. Landobasa, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and M. K. Chin, “Nested-ring Mach–Zehnder interferometer in silicon-on-insulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 9–11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Darmawan, Y. M. Landobasa, and M. K. Chin, “Nested ring Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Express 15, 437–448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Lu, P.

P. Lu, L. Q. Men, K. Sooley, and Q. Y. Chen, “Tapered fiber Mach–Zehnder interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 131110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y.

Men, L. Q.

P. Lu, L. Q. Men, K. Sooley, and Q. Y. Chen, “Tapered fiber Mach–Zehnder interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 131110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Messall, M.

M. S. Shahriar, G. S. Pati, R. Tripathi, V. Gopal, M. Messall, and K. Salit, “Ultrahigh enhancement in absolute and relative rotation sensing using fast and slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 053807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pati, G. S.

M. S. Shahriar, G. S. Pati, R. Tripathi, V. Gopal, M. Messall, and K. Salit, “Ultrahigh enhancement in absolute and relative rotation sensing using fast and slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 053807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pevec, S.

Salit, K.

M. S. Shahriar, G. S. Pati, R. Tripathi, V. Gopal, M. Messall, and K. Salit, “Ultrahigh enhancement in absolute and relative rotation sensing using fast and slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 053807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schweinsberg, A.

J. E. Heebner, V. Wong, A. Schweinsberg, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Jackson, “Optical transmission characteristics of fiber ring resonators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 726–730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Semenova, Y.

Shahriar, M. S.

M. S. Shahriar, G. S. Pati, R. Tripathi, V. Gopal, M. Messall, and K. Salit, “Ultrahigh enhancement in absolute and relative rotation sensing using fast and slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 053807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sooley, K.

P. Lu, L. Q. Men, K. Sooley, and Q. Y. Chen, “Tapered fiber Mach–Zehnder interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 131110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sumetsky, M.

Teraoka, I.

Terrel, M.

Ti, Y.

Tian, H.

Tripathi, R.

M. S. Shahriar, G. S. Pati, R. Tripathi, V. Gopal, M. Messall, and K. Salit, “Ultrahigh enhancement in absolute and relative rotation sensing using fast and slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 053807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vollmer, F.

Wang, C. J.

C. J. Wang and C. Herath, “High-sensitivity fiber-loop ringdown evanescent-field index sensors using single-mode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1629–1631 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Wang, “Fiber loop ringdown—a time-domain sensing technique for multi-function fiber optic sensor platforms: current status and design perspectives,” Sensors 9, 7595–7621 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, N.

Wang, P.

Wong, V.

J. E. Heebner, V. Wong, A. Schweinsberg, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Jackson, “Optical transmission characteristics of fiber ring resonators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 726–730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, H.

Wu, Q.

Xia, Z. X.

Z. X. Xia, Y. Chen, and Z. P. Zhou, “Dual waveguide coupled microring resonator sensor based on intensity detection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 100–107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yan, B.

Yu, C.

Yuan, P.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, X. N.

Zhang, Y. D.

Zheng, J.

Zhou, Z. P.

Z. X. Xia, Y. Chen, and Z. P. Zhou, “Dual waveguide coupled microring resonator sensor based on intensity detection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 100–107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

C.-Y. Chao and L. J. Guo, “Biochemical sensors based on polymer microrings with sharp asymmetrical resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1527–1529 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Lu, L. Q. Men, K. Sooley, and Q. Y. Chen, “Tapered fiber Mach–Zehnder interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 131110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. E. Heebner, V. Wong, A. Schweinsberg, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Jackson, “Optical transmission characteristics of fiber ring resonators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 726–730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. X. Xia, Y. Chen, and Z. P. Zhou, “Dual waveguide coupled microring resonator sensor based on intensity detection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 100–107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Darmawan, Y. M. Landobasa, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and M. K. Chin, “Nested-ring Mach–Zehnder interferometer in silicon-on-insulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 9–11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. S. Shahriar, G. S. Pati, R. Tripathi, V. Gopal, M. Messall, and K. Salit, “Ultrahigh enhancement in absolute and relative rotation sensing using fast and slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 053807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sensors (1)

C. J. Wang, “Fiber loop ringdown—a time-domain sensing technique for multi-function fiber optic sensor platforms: current status and design perspectives,” Sensors 9, 7595–7621 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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