Abstract

We present a method of the generation of sub-100 ps pulses with an all-semiconductor master oscillator–power amplifier (MOPA) system, consisting of a three section distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) laser as MO and a two section tapered PA. The pulses generated by the gain-switched DBR laser are first shortened by the ridge-waveguide input section of the PA acting as a saturable absorber and then amplified by the tapered gain region section. We generate laser pulses with a minimum duration of 35 ps and a peak power of more than 65 W. The spectral width is less than 0.25 nm around a center wavelength of 1063 nm.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Wahl, F. Koberling, M. Patting, H. Rahn, and R. Erdmann, “Time-resolved confocal fluorescence imaging and spectrocopy system with single molecule sensitivity and sub-micrometer resolution,” Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. 5, 299–308 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Kress, T. Meier, R. Steiner, F. Dolp, R. Erdmann, U. Ortmann, and A. Rück, “Time-resolved microspectrofluorometry and fluorescence lifetime imaging of photosensitizers using picosecond pulsed diode lasers in laser scanning microscopes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 26–32 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Kuramoto, N. Kitajima, H. Guo, Y. Furushima, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, “Two-photon fluorescence bioimaging with an all-semiconductor laser picosecond pulse source,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2726–2728 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Vasilev, Ultrafast Diode Lasers—Fundamentals and Applications (Artech House, 1995).
  5. T. Ulm, F. Harth, H. Fuchs, J. A. L’huillier, and R. Wallenstein, “InGaAs diode laser system generating pulses of 580 fs duration and 366 W peak power,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 481–485 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Riecke, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Trankle, “23 W peak power picosecond pulses from a single-stage all-semiconductor master oscillator power amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 295–299 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Schwertfeger, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, A. Liero, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond pulses with 50 W peak power and reduced ASE background from an all-semiconductor MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 603–607 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Ginolas, A. Klehr, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-power ridge waveguide DFB and DFB-MOPA lasers at 1064 nm with a vertical farfield angle of 15°,” Proc. SPIE 7616, 761610 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, in Proc. IMS 2010, Anaheim, CA, 25–27 May 2010, pp. 1110–1113.

2011 (1)

S. Schwertfeger, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, A. Liero, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond pulses with 50 W peak power and reduced ASE background from an all-semiconductor MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 603–607 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Ginolas, A. Klehr, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-power ridge waveguide DFB and DFB-MOPA lasers at 1064 nm with a vertical farfield angle of 15°,” Proc. SPIE 7616, 761610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Riecke, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Trankle, “23 W peak power picosecond pulses from a single-stage all-semiconductor master oscillator power amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 295–299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

T. Ulm, F. Harth, H. Fuchs, J. A. L’huillier, and R. Wallenstein, “InGaAs diode laser system generating pulses of 580 fs duration and 366 W peak power,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 481–485 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

M. Wahl, F. Koberling, M. Patting, H. Rahn, and R. Erdmann, “Time-resolved confocal fluorescence imaging and spectrocopy system with single molecule sensitivity and sub-micrometer resolution,” Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. 5, 299–308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. Kress, T. Meier, R. Steiner, F. Dolp, R. Erdmann, U. Ortmann, and A. Rück, “Time-resolved microspectrofluorometry and fluorescence lifetime imaging of photosensitizers using picosecond pulsed diode lasers in laser scanning microscopes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 26–32 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brox, O.

O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Ginolas, A. Klehr, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-power ridge waveguide DFB and DFB-MOPA lasers at 1064 nm with a vertical farfield angle of 15°,” Proc. SPIE 7616, 761610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bugge, F.

O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Ginolas, A. Klehr, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-power ridge waveguide DFB and DFB-MOPA lasers at 1064 nm with a vertical farfield angle of 15°,” Proc. SPIE 7616, 761610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dolp, F.

M. Kress, T. Meier, R. Steiner, F. Dolp, R. Erdmann, U. Ortmann, and A. Rück, “Time-resolved microspectrofluorometry and fluorescence lifetime imaging of photosensitizers using picosecond pulsed diode lasers in laser scanning microscopes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 26–32 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Erbert, G.

S. Schwertfeger, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, A. Liero, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond pulses with 50 W peak power and reduced ASE background from an all-semiconductor MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 603–607 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Ginolas, A. Klehr, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-power ridge waveguide DFB and DFB-MOPA lasers at 1064 nm with a vertical farfield angle of 15°,” Proc. SPIE 7616, 761610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Erdmann, R.

S. Riecke, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Trankle, “23 W peak power picosecond pulses from a single-stage all-semiconductor master oscillator power amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 295–299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Wahl, F. Koberling, M. Patting, H. Rahn, and R. Erdmann, “Time-resolved confocal fluorescence imaging and spectrocopy system with single molecule sensitivity and sub-micrometer resolution,” Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. 5, 299–308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Kress, T. Meier, R. Steiner, F. Dolp, R. Erdmann, U. Ortmann, and A. Rück, “Time-resolved microspectrofluorometry and fluorescence lifetime imaging of photosensitizers using picosecond pulsed diode lasers in laser scanning microscopes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 26–32 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, H.

T. Ulm, F. Harth, H. Fuchs, J. A. L’huillier, and R. Wallenstein, “InGaAs diode laser system generating pulses of 580 fs duration and 366 W peak power,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 481–485 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Furushima, Y.

Ginolas, A.

O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Ginolas, A. Klehr, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-power ridge waveguide DFB and DFB-MOPA lasers at 1064 nm with a vertical farfield angle of 15°,” Proc. SPIE 7616, 761610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guo, H.

Harth, F.

T. Ulm, F. Harth, H. Fuchs, J. A. L’huillier, and R. Wallenstein, “InGaAs diode laser system generating pulses of 580 fs duration and 366 W peak power,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 481–485 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Heinrich, W.

A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, in Proc. IMS 2010, Anaheim, CA, 25–27 May 2010, pp. 1110–1113.

Hoffmann, T.

S. Schwertfeger, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, A. Liero, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond pulses with 50 W peak power and reduced ASE background from an all-semiconductor MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 603–607 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, in Proc. IMS 2010, Anaheim, CA, 25–27 May 2010, pp. 1110–1113.

Ikeda, M.

Kitajima, N.

Klehr, A.

S. Schwertfeger, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, A. Liero, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond pulses with 50 W peak power and reduced ASE background from an all-semiconductor MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 603–607 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Ginolas, A. Klehr, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-power ridge waveguide DFB and DFB-MOPA lasers at 1064 nm with a vertical farfield angle of 15°,” Proc. SPIE 7616, 761610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, in Proc. IMS 2010, Anaheim, CA, 25–27 May 2010, pp. 1110–1113.

Koberling, F.

M. Wahl, F. Koberling, M. Patting, H. Rahn, and R. Erdmann, “Time-resolved confocal fluorescence imaging and spectrocopy system with single molecule sensitivity and sub-micrometer resolution,” Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. 5, 299–308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kress, M.

M. Kress, T. Meier, R. Steiner, F. Dolp, R. Erdmann, U. Ortmann, and A. Rück, “Time-resolved microspectrofluorometry and fluorescence lifetime imaging of photosensitizers using picosecond pulsed diode lasers in laser scanning microscopes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 26–32 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kuramoto, M.

L’huillier, J. A.

T. Ulm, F. Harth, H. Fuchs, J. A. L’huillier, and R. Wallenstein, “InGaAs diode laser system generating pulses of 580 fs duration and 366 W peak power,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 481–485 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lauritsen, K.

S. Riecke, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Trankle, “23 W peak power picosecond pulses from a single-stage all-semiconductor master oscillator power amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 295–299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liero, A.

S. Schwertfeger, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, A. Liero, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond pulses with 50 W peak power and reduced ASE background from an all-semiconductor MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 603–607 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, in Proc. IMS 2010, Anaheim, CA, 25–27 May 2010, pp. 1110–1113.

Meier, T.

M. Kress, T. Meier, R. Steiner, F. Dolp, R. Erdmann, U. Ortmann, and A. Rück, “Time-resolved microspectrofluorometry and fluorescence lifetime imaging of photosensitizers using picosecond pulsed diode lasers in laser scanning microscopes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 26–32 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ortmann, U.

M. Kress, T. Meier, R. Steiner, F. Dolp, R. Erdmann, U. Ortmann, and A. Rück, “Time-resolved microspectrofluorometry and fluorescence lifetime imaging of photosensitizers using picosecond pulsed diode lasers in laser scanning microscopes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 26–32 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Paschke, K.

S. Riecke, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Trankle, “23 W peak power picosecond pulses from a single-stage all-semiconductor master oscillator power amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 295–299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Patting, M.

M. Wahl, F. Koberling, M. Patting, H. Rahn, and R. Erdmann, “Time-resolved confocal fluorescence imaging and spectrocopy system with single molecule sensitivity and sub-micrometer resolution,” Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. 5, 299–308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rahn, H.

M. Wahl, F. Koberling, M. Patting, H. Rahn, and R. Erdmann, “Time-resolved confocal fluorescence imaging and spectrocopy system with single molecule sensitivity and sub-micrometer resolution,” Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. 5, 299–308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ressel, P.

O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Ginolas, A. Klehr, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-power ridge waveguide DFB and DFB-MOPA lasers at 1064 nm with a vertical farfield angle of 15°,” Proc. SPIE 7616, 761610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Riecke, S.

S. Riecke, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Trankle, “23 W peak power picosecond pulses from a single-stage all-semiconductor master oscillator power amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 295–299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rück, A.

M. Kress, T. Meier, R. Steiner, F. Dolp, R. Erdmann, U. Ortmann, and A. Rück, “Time-resolved microspectrofluorometry and fluorescence lifetime imaging of photosensitizers using picosecond pulsed diode lasers in laser scanning microscopes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 26–32 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schwertfeger, S.

S. Schwertfeger, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, A. Liero, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond pulses with 50 W peak power and reduced ASE background from an all-semiconductor MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 603–607 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Riecke, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Trankle, “23 W peak power picosecond pulses from a single-stage all-semiconductor master oscillator power amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 295–299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, in Proc. IMS 2010, Anaheim, CA, 25–27 May 2010, pp. 1110–1113.

Steiner, R.

M. Kress, T. Meier, R. Steiner, F. Dolp, R. Erdmann, U. Ortmann, and A. Rück, “Time-resolved microspectrofluorometry and fluorescence lifetime imaging of photosensitizers using picosecond pulsed diode lasers in laser scanning microscopes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 26–32 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Trankle, G.

S. Riecke, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Trankle, “23 W peak power picosecond pulses from a single-stage all-semiconductor master oscillator power amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 295–299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tränkle, G.

O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Ginolas, A. Klehr, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-power ridge waveguide DFB and DFB-MOPA lasers at 1064 nm with a vertical farfield angle of 15°,” Proc. SPIE 7616, 761610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ulm, T.

T. Ulm, F. Harth, H. Fuchs, J. A. L’huillier, and R. Wallenstein, “InGaAs diode laser system generating pulses of 580 fs duration and 366 W peak power,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 481–485 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vasilev, P.

P. Vasilev, Ultrafast Diode Lasers—Fundamentals and Applications (Artech House, 1995).

Wahl, M.

M. Wahl, F. Koberling, M. Patting, H. Rahn, and R. Erdmann, “Time-resolved confocal fluorescence imaging and spectrocopy system with single molecule sensitivity and sub-micrometer resolution,” Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. 5, 299–308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

T. Ulm, F. Harth, H. Fuchs, J. A. L’huillier, and R. Wallenstein, “InGaAs diode laser system generating pulses of 580 fs duration and 366 W peak power,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 481–485 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wenzel, H.

S. Schwertfeger, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, A. Liero, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond pulses with 50 W peak power and reduced ASE background from an all-semiconductor MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 603–607 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Ginolas, A. Klehr, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-power ridge waveguide DFB and DFB-MOPA lasers at 1064 nm with a vertical farfield angle of 15°,” Proc. SPIE 7616, 761610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, H.

Appl. Phys. B (3)

T. Ulm, F. Harth, H. Fuchs, J. A. L’huillier, and R. Wallenstein, “InGaAs diode laser system generating pulses of 580 fs duration and 366 W peak power,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 481–485 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Riecke, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Trankle, “23 W peak power picosecond pulses from a single-stage all-semiconductor master oscillator power amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 295–299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Schwertfeger, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, A. Liero, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond pulses with 50 W peak power and reduced ASE background from an all-semiconductor MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 603–607 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. (1)

M. Wahl, F. Koberling, M. Patting, H. Rahn, and R. Erdmann, “Time-resolved confocal fluorescence imaging and spectrocopy system with single molecule sensitivity and sub-micrometer resolution,” Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. 5, 299–308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

M. Kress, T. Meier, R. Steiner, F. Dolp, R. Erdmann, U. Ortmann, and A. Rück, “Time-resolved microspectrofluorometry and fluorescence lifetime imaging of photosensitizers using picosecond pulsed diode lasers in laser scanning microscopes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 26–32 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Ginolas, A. Klehr, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-power ridge waveguide DFB and DFB-MOPA lasers at 1064 nm with a vertical farfield angle of 15°,” Proc. SPIE 7616, 761610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, in Proc. IMS 2010, Anaheim, CA, 25–27 May 2010, pp. 1110–1113.

P. Vasilev, Ultrafast Diode Lasers—Fundamentals and Applications (Artech House, 1995).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scheme of the MO and the electrical input signals.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Scheme of time correlation between current pulses and optical pulses. (b) Scheme of the experimental setup showing the optical coupling between MO and PA and the electrical connections.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Temporal shape of the pulse of the MO for two different current injection pulse lengths (2.5 ns blue curve, 1 ns red curve) measured using a fast photodiode and a sampling scope.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Averaged optical spectrum of the MO for two different current injection pulse lengths (2.5 ns blue curve, 1 ns red).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Average power versus delay time between the electrical pulses to the MO and the PA.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Temporal shape of the pulse after amplification for different preamplifier conditions: green curve Ipre=200mA, red curve Ipre=10mA, and black curve preamplifier reverse biased. Tapered section current pulse amplitude Itap=17A.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Averaged optical spectra of the pulses after amplification for different preamplifier conditions. Tapered section current pulse amplitude Itap=17A.

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