Abstract

The laser power and beam quality of the high-power CO2 laser are very important for laser applications. The multichannel slab discharge CO2 laser (MSDL) and the multichannel discharge tube CO2 laser (MDTL) are two main lasers, which have different functions. Two lasers and laser beams are compared and studied quantitatively from the following factors: intensity distribution, M2 factor, phase locking, misalignment, and output power. It is shown that MSDL could obtain the laser beam with high power when the misaligned angle is small, but the beam quality is poor in comparison with that of MDTL. MSDL is more sensitive to the misaligned angle than MDTL.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. F. Yelden, H. J. J. Seguin, C. E. Capjack, and S. K. Nikumb, “Multichannel slab discharge for CO2 laser excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 693–694 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (1)

Y. Qiu, Y. Li, G. Feng, and Y. Xu, “Experimental proof on two-cone axisymmetric-folded combination CO2 laser,” Optik 123, 91–93 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

Y. Xu, Y. Li, B. Zhang, and Y. Qiu, “The influence of misalignment of an axisymmetrical folded-combined CO2laser on output power,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 555–558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

Y. Xu, Y. Li, T. Feng, and Y. Qiu, “Principle of phase-locking of axisymmetric concentric cavity CO2 laser,” Optik 121, 1363–1369 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Qiu, and T. Feng, “Phase-locking of the tunable two-dimensional axisymmetrical folded-combined CO2 laser,” Opt. Commun. 283, 1845–1848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

Y. Xu, Y. Li, B. Zhang, T. Feng, and Y. Qiu, “Theoretical study of misalignment analysis of the holophote and self-phase-locking of axisymmetrical-structural CO2 laser,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 47, 782–792 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, T. Feng, and Y. Qiu, “Phase-locking of an axisymmetric-fold combination cavity CO2 laser using the back surface of the output-mirror,” J. Opt. A 11, 1–7(2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Feng, Y. Li, X. Liu, T. Yan, and S. Gao, “Study of a three-dimensional axisymmetric-folded combination carbon dioxide laser with five discharge tubes,” Opt. Eng. 48, 1–3 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu and Y. Li, “Near field effect of output mirror misalignment in an axisymmetric folded and combined CO2 laser cavity,” Appl. Opt. 48, 5295–5300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2006 (1)

J. Liu, Y. Li, J. Guo, M. Chen, Y. Yang, D. Xu, Z. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Research on near-field distributions of axisymmetric folded-combined CO2 laser,” Opt. Eng. 45, 1–10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Y. Li, J. Liu, M. Chen, J. Guo, Z. Li, and S. Ju, “Axisymmetric-fold combination laser resonator,” Opt. Eng. 44, 1–7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

B. Lü, and H. Ma, “Beam combination of a radial laser array: Hermite–Gaussian model,” Opt. Commun. 178, 395–403 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. Xin, W. Zhang, and W. Jiao, “Radio frequency discharge excited diffusively cooled kilowatt carbon monoxide slab waveguide laser with a three mirror resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1369–1370 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. J. J. Seguin, “Power scaling of diffusion-cooled lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 30, 331–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

W. D. Bilida, J. D. Strohchein, H. J. J. Seguin, and C. E. Capjack, “Multi-channel slab CO2 laser excitation with resonant cavities,” Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 431–436 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

E. F. Yelden, H. J. J. Seguin, C. E. Capjack, and H. Reshef, “Phase locking in a multichannel radial array CO2 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1311–1313 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Yelden, H. J. J. Seguin, C. E. Capjack, and H. Reshef, “Phase-locking phenomena in a radial multislot CO2 laser array,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1475–1482 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

E. F. Yelden, H. J. J. Seguin, C. E. Capjack, and S. K. Nikumb, “Multichannel slab discharge for CO2 laser excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 693–694 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

A. E. Siegman, “New developments in laser resonators,” Proc. SPIE 1224, 2–14 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

Bilida, W. D.

W. D. Bilida, J. D. Strohchein, H. J. J. Seguin, and C. E. Capjack, “Multi-channel slab CO2 laser excitation with resonant cavities,” Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 431–436 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Capjack, C. E.

W. D. Bilida, J. D. Strohchein, H. J. J. Seguin, and C. E. Capjack, “Multi-channel slab CO2 laser excitation with resonant cavities,” Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 431–436 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Yelden, H. J. J. Seguin, C. E. Capjack, and H. Reshef, “Phase locking in a multichannel radial array CO2 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1311–1313 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Yelden, H. J. J. Seguin, C. E. Capjack, and H. Reshef, “Phase-locking phenomena in a radial multislot CO2 laser array,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1475–1482 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Yelden, H. J. J. Seguin, C. E. Capjack, S. K. Nikumb, and H. Reshef, “Toric unstable CO2 laser resonator: an experimental study,” Appl. Opt. 31, 1965–1974 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Yelden, H. J. J. Seguin, C. E. Capjack, and S. K. Nikumb, “Multichannel slab discharge for CO2 laser excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 693–694 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M.

J. Liu, Y. Li, J. Guo, M. Chen, Y. Yang, D. Xu, Z. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Research on near-field distributions of axisymmetric folded-combined CO2 laser,” Opt. Eng. 45, 1–10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, J. Liu, M. Chen, J. Guo, Z. Li, and S. Ju, “Axisymmetric-fold combination laser resonator,” Opt. Eng. 44, 1–7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fahlen, T. S.

Feng, G.

Y. Qiu, Y. Li, G. Feng, and Y. Xu, “Experimental proof on two-cone axisymmetric-folded combination CO2 laser,” Optik 123, 91–93 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Feng, T.

Y. Xu, Y. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Qiu, and T. Feng, “Phase-locking of the tunable two-dimensional axisymmetrical folded-combined CO2 laser,” Opt. Commun. 283, 1845–1848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, T. Feng, and Y. Qiu, “Principle of phase-locking of axisymmetric concentric cavity CO2 laser,” Optik 121, 1363–1369 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, B. Zhang, T. Feng, and Y. Qiu, “Theoretical study of misalignment analysis of the holophote and self-phase-locking of axisymmetrical-structural CO2 laser,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 47, 782–792 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, T. Feng, and Y. Qiu, “Phase-locking of an axisymmetric-fold combination cavity CO2 laser using the back surface of the output-mirror,” J. Opt. A 11, 1–7(2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Feng, Y. Li, X. Liu, T. Yan, and S. Gao, “Study of a three-dimensional axisymmetric-folded combination carbon dioxide laser with five discharge tubes,” Opt. Eng. 48, 1–3 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Y. Li, T. Yan, T. Feng, and S. Gao, “Experimental research on axisymmetrical-fold combination CO2 laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 3553–3556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, T. Feng, Y. Qiu, F. Fu, and W. Guo, “Phase-locking principle of axisymmetric structural CO2 laser and theoretical study of the influences of parameters-changes on phase-locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1303–1311 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fu, F.

Gao, S.

T. Feng, Y. Li, X. Liu, T. Yan, and S. Gao, “Study of a three-dimensional axisymmetric-folded combination carbon dioxide laser with five discharge tubes,” Opt. Eng. 48, 1–3 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Y. Li, T. Yan, T. Feng, and S. Gao, “Experimental research on axisymmetrical-fold combination CO2 laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 3553–3556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guo, J.

J. Liu, Y. Li, J. Guo, M. Chen, Y. Yang, D. Xu, Z. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Research on near-field distributions of axisymmetric folded-combined CO2 laser,” Opt. Eng. 45, 1–10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, J. Liu, M. Chen, J. Guo, Z. Li, and S. Ju, “Axisymmetric-fold combination laser resonator,” Opt. Eng. 44, 1–7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guo, W.

Jiao, W.

J. Xin, W. Zhang, and W. Jiao, “Radio frequency discharge excited diffusively cooled kilowatt carbon monoxide slab waveguide laser with a three mirror resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1369–1370 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ju, S.

Y. Li, J. Liu, M. Chen, J. Guo, Z. Li, and S. Ju, “Axisymmetric-fold combination laser resonator,” Opt. Eng. 44, 1–7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

Li, J.

Li, Y.

Y. Qiu, Y. Li, G. Feng, and Y. Xu, “Experimental proof on two-cone axisymmetric-folded combination CO2 laser,” Optik 123, 91–93 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, B. Zhang, and Y. Qiu, “The influence of misalignment of an axisymmetrical folded-combined CO2laser on output power,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 555–558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, T. Feng, and Y. Qiu, “Principle of phase-locking of axisymmetric concentric cavity CO2 laser,” Optik 121, 1363–1369 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Qiu, and T. Feng, “Phase-locking of the tunable two-dimensional axisymmetrical folded-combined CO2 laser,” Opt. Commun. 283, 1845–1848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, T. Feng, and Y. Qiu, “Phase-locking of an axisymmetric-fold combination cavity CO2 laser using the back surface of the output-mirror,” J. Opt. A 11, 1–7(2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Feng, Y. Li, X. Liu, T. Yan, and S. Gao, “Study of a three-dimensional axisymmetric-folded combination carbon dioxide laser with five discharge tubes,” Opt. Eng. 48, 1–3 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, B. Zhang, T. Feng, and Y. Qiu, “Theoretical study of misalignment analysis of the holophote and self-phase-locking of axisymmetrical-structural CO2 laser,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 47, 782–792 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu and Y. Li, “Near field effect of output mirror misalignment in an axisymmetric folded and combined CO2 laser cavity,” Appl. Opt. 48, 5295–5300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, T. Feng, Y. Qiu, F. Fu, and W. Guo, “Phase-locking principle of axisymmetric structural CO2 laser and theoretical study of the influences of parameters-changes on phase-locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1303–1311 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Y. Li, T. Yan, T. Feng, and S. Gao, “Experimental research on axisymmetrical-fold combination CO2 laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 3553–3556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. Li, J. Guo, M. Chen, Y. Yang, D. Xu, Z. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Research on near-field distributions of axisymmetric folded-combined CO2 laser,” Opt. Eng. 45, 1–10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, J. Liu, M. Chen, J. Guo, Z. Li, and S. Ju, “Axisymmetric-fold combination laser resonator,” Opt. Eng. 44, 1–7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Y. Li, J. Liu, M. Chen, J. Guo, Z. Li, and S. Ju, “Axisymmetric-fold combination laser resonator,” Opt. Eng. 44, 1–7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, Y. Li, J. Guo, M. Chen, Y. Yang, D. Xu, Z. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Research on near-field distributions of axisymmetric folded-combined CO2 laser,” Opt. Eng. 45, 1–10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, J. Liu, M. Chen, J. Guo, Z. Li, and S. Ju, “Axisymmetric-fold combination laser resonator,” Opt. Eng. 44, 1–7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

T. Feng, Y. Li, X. Liu, T. Yan, and S. Gao, “Study of a three-dimensional axisymmetric-folded combination carbon dioxide laser with five discharge tubes,” Opt. Eng. 48, 1–3 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Y. Li, T. Yan, T. Feng, and S. Gao, “Experimental research on axisymmetrical-fold combination CO2 laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 3553–3556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

J. Liu, Y. Li, J. Guo, M. Chen, Y. Yang, D. Xu, Z. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Research on near-field distributions of axisymmetric folded-combined CO2 laser,” Opt. Eng. 45, 1–10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lü, B.

B. Lü, and H. Ma, “Beam combination of a radial laser array: Hermite–Gaussian model,” Opt. Commun. 178, 395–403 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ma, H.

B. Lü, and H. Ma, “Beam combination of a radial laser array: Hermite–Gaussian model,” Opt. Commun. 178, 395–403 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nikumb, S. K.

E. F. Yelden, H. J. J. Seguin, C. E. Capjack, S. K. Nikumb, and H. Reshef, “Toric unstable CO2 laser resonator: an experimental study,” Appl. Opt. 31, 1965–1974 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Yelden, H. J. J. Seguin, C. E. Capjack, and S. K. Nikumb, “Multichannel slab discharge for CO2 laser excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 693–694 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, Y.

Y. Qiu, Y. Li, G. Feng, and Y. Xu, “Experimental proof on two-cone axisymmetric-folded combination CO2 laser,” Optik 123, 91–93 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, B. Zhang, and Y. Qiu, “The influence of misalignment of an axisymmetrical folded-combined CO2laser on output power,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 555–558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, T. Feng, and Y. Qiu, “Principle of phase-locking of axisymmetric concentric cavity CO2 laser,” Optik 121, 1363–1369 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Qiu, and T. Feng, “Phase-locking of the tunable two-dimensional axisymmetrical folded-combined CO2 laser,” Opt. Commun. 283, 1845–1848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, T. Feng, and Y. Qiu, “Phase-locking of an axisymmetric-fold combination cavity CO2 laser using the back surface of the output-mirror,” J. Opt. A 11, 1–7(2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, B. Zhang, T. Feng, and Y. Qiu, “Theoretical study of misalignment analysis of the holophote and self-phase-locking of axisymmetrical-structural CO2 laser,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 47, 782–792 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, T. Feng, Y. Qiu, F. Fu, and W. Guo, “Phase-locking principle of axisymmetric structural CO2 laser and theoretical study of the influences of parameters-changes on phase-locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1303–1311 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reshef, H.

Seguin, H. J. J.

H. J. J. Seguin, “Power scaling of diffusion-cooled lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 30, 331–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. D. Bilida, J. D. Strohchein, H. J. J. Seguin, and C. E. Capjack, “Multi-channel slab CO2 laser excitation with resonant cavities,” Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 431–436 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Yelden, H. J. J. Seguin, C. E. Capjack, and H. Reshef, “Phase-locking phenomena in a radial multislot CO2 laser array,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1475–1482 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Yelden, H. J. J. Seguin, C. E. Capjack, and H. Reshef, “Phase locking in a multichannel radial array CO2 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1311–1313 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Yelden, H. J. J. Seguin, C. E. Capjack, S. K. Nikumb, and H. Reshef, “Toric unstable CO2 laser resonator: an experimental study,” Appl. Opt. 31, 1965–1974 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Yelden, H. J. J. Seguin, C. E. Capjack, and S. K. Nikumb, “Multichannel slab discharge for CO2 laser excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 693–694 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, “New developments in laser resonators,” Proc. SPIE 1224, 2–14 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Strohchein, J. D.

W. D. Bilida, J. D. Strohchein, H. J. J. Seguin, and C. E. Capjack, “Multi-channel slab CO2 laser excitation with resonant cavities,” Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 431–436 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wei, G.

G. Wei and B. Zhu, Laser Beam Optics (Beijing Industry College, 1987), Chap. 3 (in Chinese).

Xin, J.

J. Xin, W. Zhang, and W. Jiao, “Radio frequency discharge excited diffusively cooled kilowatt carbon monoxide slab waveguide laser with a three mirror resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1369–1370 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xu, D.

J. Liu, Y. Li, J. Guo, M. Chen, Y. Yang, D. Xu, Z. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Research on near-field distributions of axisymmetric folded-combined CO2 laser,” Opt. Eng. 45, 1–10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y.

Y. Qiu, Y. Li, G. Feng, and Y. Xu, “Experimental proof on two-cone axisymmetric-folded combination CO2 laser,” Optik 123, 91–93 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, B. Zhang, and Y. Qiu, “The influence of misalignment of an axisymmetrical folded-combined CO2laser on output power,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 555–558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, T. Feng, and Y. Qiu, “Principle of phase-locking of axisymmetric concentric cavity CO2 laser,” Optik 121, 1363–1369 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Qiu, and T. Feng, “Phase-locking of the tunable two-dimensional axisymmetrical folded-combined CO2 laser,” Opt. Commun. 283, 1845–1848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, T. Feng, and Y. Qiu, “Phase-locking of an axisymmetric-fold combination cavity CO2 laser using the back surface of the output-mirror,” J. Opt. A 11, 1–7(2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu and Y. Li, “Near field effect of output mirror misalignment in an axisymmetric folded and combined CO2 laser cavity,” Appl. Opt. 48, 5295–5300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, B. Zhang, T. Feng, and Y. Qiu, “Theoretical study of misalignment analysis of the holophote and self-phase-locking of axisymmetrical-structural CO2 laser,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 47, 782–792 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, T. Feng, Y. Qiu, F. Fu, and W. Guo, “Phase-locking principle of axisymmetric structural CO2 laser and theoretical study of the influences of parameters-changes on phase-locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1303–1311 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yan, T.

T. Feng, Y. Li, X. Liu, T. Yan, and S. Gao, “Study of a three-dimensional axisymmetric-folded combination carbon dioxide laser with five discharge tubes,” Opt. Eng. 48, 1–3 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Y. Li, T. Yan, T. Feng, and S. Gao, “Experimental research on axisymmetrical-fold combination CO2 laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 3553–3556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

J. Liu, Y. Li, J. Guo, M. Chen, Y. Yang, D. Xu, Z. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Research on near-field distributions of axisymmetric folded-combined CO2 laser,” Opt. Eng. 45, 1–10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yelden, E. F.

E. F. Yelden, H. J. J. Seguin, C. E. Capjack, and H. Reshef, “Phase-locking phenomena in a radial multislot CO2 laser array,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1475–1482 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Yelden, H. J. J. Seguin, C. E. Capjack, and H. Reshef, “Phase locking in a multichannel radial array CO2 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1311–1313 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Yelden, H. J. J. Seguin, C. E. Capjack, S. K. Nikumb, and H. Reshef, “Toric unstable CO2 laser resonator: an experimental study,” Appl. Opt. 31, 1965–1974 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Yelden, H. J. J. Seguin, C. E. Capjack, and S. K. Nikumb, “Multichannel slab discharge for CO2 laser excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 693–694 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

Y. Xu, Y. Li, B. Zhang, and Y. Qiu, “The influence of misalignment of an axisymmetrical folded-combined CO2laser on output power,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 555–558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Qiu, and T. Feng, “Phase-locking of the tunable two-dimensional axisymmetrical folded-combined CO2 laser,” Opt. Commun. 283, 1845–1848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, Y. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Qiu, and T. Feng, “Phase-locking of the tunable two-dimensional axisymmetrical folded-combined CO2 laser,” Opt. Commun. 283, 1845–1848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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J. Liu, Y. Li, J. Guo, M. Chen, Y. Yang, D. Xu, Z. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Research on near-field distributions of axisymmetric folded-combined CO2 laser,” Opt. Eng. 45, 1–10 (2006).
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Y. Xu, Y. Li, B. Zhang, T. Feng, and Y. Qiu, “Theoretical study of misalignment analysis of the holophote and self-phase-locking of axisymmetrical-structural CO2 laser,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 47, 782–792 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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G. Wei and B. Zhu, Laser Beam Optics (Beijing Industry College, 1987), Chap. 3 (in Chinese).

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