Abstract

The Solar Occultation for Ice Experiment (SOFIE) makes broadband transmission measurements centered at 5.32 μm to determine the concentration profile of nitric oxide (NO). These measurements show a signal oscillation due to detector temperature variations that severely limit the accuracy of NO retrievals if corrections are not applied. An empirical correction was developed to remove this instrumental error. This paper describes the correction, its impact on the retrieval, and presents a comparison from 87 to 105 km versus coincident atmospheric chemistry experiment—Fourier transform spectrometer (ACE-FTS) measurements. The southern hemisphere (SH) shows excellent agreement between the datasets, with statistically insignificant differences. The northern hemisphere (NH) SOFIE measurements exhibit a low bias of 18.5% compared to ACE-FTS. NH measurements (sunrise observations) are still under study, and only SH NO data (sunset observations) are currently publicly available as of SOFIE data version 1.2.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Randall, V. Harvey, C. Singleton, P. Bernath, C. Boone, and J. Kozyra, “Enhanced NOx in 2006 linked to strong upper stratospheric arctic vortex,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L18811 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. E. Randall, V. L. Harvey, G. L. Manney, Y. Orsolini, M. Codrescu, C. Sioris, S. Brohede, C. S. Haley, L. L. Gordley, J. M. Zawodny, and J. M. Russell, “Stratospheric effects of energetic particle precipitation in 2003–2004,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L05802 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Siskind, G. Nedoluha, C. Randall, M. Fromm, and J. M. Russell, “An assessment of southern hemisphere stratospheric NOx enhancements due to transport from the upper atmosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 329–332 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. G. Mlynczak, L. A. Hunt, B. T. Marshall, F. J. Martin-Torres, C. J. Mertens, J. M. Russell, E. E. Remsberg, M. Lopez-Puertas, R. Picard, J. Winick, P. Wintersteiner, R. E. Thompson, and L. L. Gordley, “Observations of infrared radiative cooling in the thermosphere on daily to multiyear timescales from the TIMED/SABER instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, A03309 (2010).
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  7. L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, C. Fish, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, J. Cook, S. Hansen, A. Shumway, G. Paxton, L. Deaver, T. Marshall, J. Burton, B. Magill, C. Brown, E. Thompson, and J. Kemp, “The solar occultation for ice experiment (SOFIE),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 300–315 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
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  9. C. D. Boone, R. Nassar, K. A. Walker, Y. Rochon, S. D. McLeod, C. P. Rinsland, and P. F. Bernath, “Retrievals for the atmospheric chemistry Experiment Fourier-transform spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 44, 7218–7231 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  17. J. M. Russell and S. R. Drayson, “The inference of atmospheric ozone using satellite horizon measurements in the 1042  cm−1 band,” J. Atmos. Sci. 29, 376–390 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Picone, A. Hedin, D. Drob, and A. Aikin, “NRLMSISE-00 empirical model of the atmosphere: statistical comparisons and scientific issues,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 1468–1483 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  19. L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

2011 (2)

P. Sheese, R. Gattinger, E. Llewellyn, C. Boone, and K. Strong, “Nightime nitric oxide densities in the southern hemisphere mesosphere-lower thermosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L15812 (2011).

D. Bermejo-Pantaleón, B. Funke, M. López-Puertas, M. García-Comas, G. P. Stiller, T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, M. Kiefer, N. Glatthor, S. Kellmann, and G. Lu, “Global observations of thermospheric temperature and nitric oxide from MIPAS spectra at 5.3 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, A10313 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

R. L. Gattinger, I. C. McDade, A. L. A. Suzán, C. D. Boone, K. A. Walker, P. F. Bernath, W. F. J. Evans, D. A. Degenstein, J.-H. Yee, P. Sheese, and E. J. Llewellyn, “NO2 air afterglow and O and NO densities from ODIN-OSIRIS night and ACE-FTS sunset observations in the antarctic MLT region,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D12301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Mlynczak, L. A. Hunt, B. T. Marshall, F. J. Martin-Torres, C. J. Mertens, J. M. Russell, E. E. Remsberg, M. Lopez-Puertas, R. Picard, J. Winick, P. Wintersteiner, R. E. Thompson, and L. L. Gordley, “Observations of infrared radiative cooling in the thermosphere on daily to multiyear timescales from the TIMED/SABER instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, A03309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, C. Fish, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, J. Cook, S. Hansen, A. Shumway, G. Paxton, L. Deaver, T. Marshall, J. Burton, B. Magill, C. Brown, E. Thompson, and J. Kemp, “The solar occultation for ice experiment (SOFIE),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 300–315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, M. Hornyi, L. L. Gordley, D. W. Rusch, M. E. Hervig, G. E. Thomas, C. E. Randall, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, M. E. Summers, M. I. Taylor, C. R. Englert, P. Espy, W. E. McClintock, and A. W. Merkel, “Aeronomy of ice in the mesosphere (AIM): overview and early science results,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 289–299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

C. Randall, V. Harvey, C. Singleton, P. Bernath, C. Boone, and J. Kozyra, “Enhanced NOx in 2006 linked to strong upper stratospheric arctic vortex,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L18811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

C. E. Randall, V. L. Harvey, G. L. Manney, Y. Orsolini, M. Codrescu, C. Sioris, S. Brohede, C. S. Haley, L. L. Gordley, J. M. Zawodny, and J. M. Russell, “Stratospheric effects of energetic particle precipitation in 2003–2004,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L05802 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

C. D. Boone, R. Nassar, K. A. Walker, Y. Rochon, S. D. McLeod, C. P. Rinsland, and P. F. Bernath, “Retrievals for the atmospheric chemistry Experiment Fourier-transform spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 44, 7218–7231 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

C. Barth, K. Mankoff, S. Bailey, and S. Solomon, “Global observations of nitric oxide in the thermosphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(A1), 1027–1037 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

S. M. Bailey, C. A. Barth, and S. C. Solomon, “A model of nitric oxide in the lower thermosphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(A8), SIA 22 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Picone, A. Hedin, D. Drob, and A. Aikin, “NRLMSISE-00 empirical model of the atmosphere: statistical comparisons and scientific issues,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 1468–1483 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. Siskind, G. Nedoluha, C. Randall, M. Fromm, and J. M. Russell, “An assessment of southern hemisphere stratospheric NOx enhancements due to transport from the upper atmosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 329–332 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noel, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. P. H. Goede, “SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127–150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

J. M. Russell and S. R. Drayson, “The inference of atmospheric ozone using satellite horizon measurements in the 1042  cm−1 band,” J. Atmos. Sci. 29, 376–390 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Abrams, M.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Aikin, A.

J. Picone, A. Hedin, D. Drob, and A. Aikin, “NRLMSISE-00 empirical model of the atmosphere: statistical comparisons and scientific issues,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 1468–1483 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Argall, P. S.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Auwera, J. V.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Bailey, S.

C. Barth, K. Mankoff, S. Bailey, and S. Solomon, “Global observations of nitric oxide in the thermosphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(A1), 1027–1037 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bailey, S. M.

L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, C. Fish, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, J. Cook, S. Hansen, A. Shumway, G. Paxton, L. Deaver, T. Marshall, J. Burton, B. Magill, C. Brown, E. Thompson, and J. Kemp, “The solar occultation for ice experiment (SOFIE),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 300–315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, M. Hornyi, L. L. Gordley, D. W. Rusch, M. E. Hervig, G. E. Thomas, C. E. Randall, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, M. E. Summers, M. I. Taylor, C. R. Englert, P. Espy, W. E. McClintock, and A. W. Merkel, “Aeronomy of ice in the mesosphere (AIM): overview and early science results,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 289–299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Bailey, C. A. Barth, and S. C. Solomon, “A model of nitric oxide in the lower thermosphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(A8), SIA 22 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Barbe, A.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Barth, C.

C. Barth, K. Mankoff, S. Bailey, and S. Solomon, “Global observations of nitric oxide in the thermosphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(A1), 1027–1037 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Barth, C. A.

S. M. Bailey, C. A. Barth, and S. C. Solomon, “A model of nitric oxide in the lower thermosphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(A8), SIA 22 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Benner, D. C.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Bermejo-Pantaleón, D.

D. Bermejo-Pantaleón, B. Funke, M. López-Puertas, M. García-Comas, G. P. Stiller, T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, M. Kiefer, N. Glatthor, S. Kellmann, and G. Lu, “Global observations of thermospheric temperature and nitric oxide from MIPAS spectra at 5.3 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, A10313 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bernath, P.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Randall, V. Harvey, C. Singleton, P. Bernath, C. Boone, and J. Kozyra, “Enhanced NOx in 2006 linked to strong upper stratospheric arctic vortex,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L18811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bernath, P. F.

R. L. Gattinger, I. C. McDade, A. L. A. Suzán, C. D. Boone, K. A. Walker, P. F. Bernath, W. F. J. Evans, D. A. Degenstein, J.-H. Yee, P. Sheese, and E. J. Llewellyn, “NO2 air afterglow and O and NO densities from ODIN-OSIRIS night and ACE-FTS sunset observations in the antarctic MLT region,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D12301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Boone, R. Nassar, K. A. Walker, Y. Rochon, S. D. McLeod, C. P. Rinsland, and P. F. Bernath, “Retrievals for the atmospheric chemistry Experiment Fourier-transform spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 44, 7218–7231 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Birk, M.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Boone, C.

P. Sheese, R. Gattinger, E. Llewellyn, C. Boone, and K. Strong, “Nightime nitric oxide densities in the southern hemisphere mesosphere-lower thermosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L15812 (2011).

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Randall, V. Harvey, C. Singleton, P. Bernath, C. Boone, and J. Kozyra, “Enhanced NOx in 2006 linked to strong upper stratospheric arctic vortex,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L18811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Boone, C. D.

R. L. Gattinger, I. C. McDade, A. L. A. Suzán, C. D. Boone, K. A. Walker, P. F. Bernath, W. F. J. Evans, D. A. Degenstein, J.-H. Yee, P. Sheese, and E. J. Llewellyn, “NO2 air afterglow and O and NO densities from ODIN-OSIRIS night and ACE-FTS sunset observations in the antarctic MLT region,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D12301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Boone, R. Nassar, K. A. Walker, Y. Rochon, S. D. McLeod, C. P. Rinsland, and P. F. Bernath, “Retrievals for the atmospheric chemistry Experiment Fourier-transform spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 44, 7218–7231 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bovensmann, H.

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noel, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. P. H. Goede, “SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127–150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brohede, S.

C. E. Randall, V. L. Harvey, G. L. Manney, Y. Orsolini, M. Codrescu, C. Sioris, S. Brohede, C. S. Haley, L. L. Gordley, J. M. Zawodny, and J. M. Russell, “Stratospheric effects of energetic particle precipitation in 2003–2004,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L05802 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brown, C.

L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, C. Fish, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, J. Cook, S. Hansen, A. Shumway, G. Paxton, L. Deaver, T. Marshall, J. Burton, B. Magill, C. Brown, E. Thompson, and J. Kemp, “The solar occultation for ice experiment (SOFIE),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 300–315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brown, L.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Buchwitz, M.

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noel, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. P. H. Goede, “SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127–150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Burns, G. B.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Burrows, J. P.

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noel, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. P. H. Goede, “SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127–150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Burton, J.

L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, C. Fish, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, J. Cook, S. Hansen, A. Shumway, G. Paxton, L. Deaver, T. Marshall, J. Burton, B. Magill, C. Brown, E. Thompson, and J. Kemp, “The solar occultation for ice experiment (SOFIE),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 300–315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Butler, M.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Camy-Peyret, C.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Carleer, M.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Catoire, V.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chackerian, C.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Chance, K.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Chance, K. V.

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noel, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. P. H. Goede, “SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127–150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Clerbaux, C.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Codrescu, M.

C. E. Randall, V. L. Harvey, G. L. Manney, Y. Orsolini, M. Codrescu, C. Sioris, S. Brohede, C. S. Haley, L. L. Gordley, J. M. Zawodny, and J. M. Russell, “Stratospheric effects of energetic particle precipitation in 2003–2004,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L05802 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Coheur, P.-F.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Colin, R.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Collins, R. L.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cook, J.

L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, C. Fish, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, J. Cook, S. Hansen, A. Shumway, G. Paxton, L. Deaver, T. Marshall, J. Burton, B. Magill, C. Brown, E. Thompson, and J. Kemp, “The solar occultation for ice experiment (SOFIE),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 300–315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Coudert, L.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Daffer, W. H.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dana, V.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

De Clercq, C.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Deaver, L.

L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, C. Fish, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, J. Cook, S. Hansen, A. Shumway, G. Paxton, L. Deaver, T. Marshall, J. Burton, B. Magill, C. Brown, E. Thompson, and J. Kemp, “The solar occultation for ice experiment (SOFIE),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 300–315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

DeCola, P.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Degenstein, D. A.

R. L. Gattinger, I. C. McDade, A. L. A. Suzán, C. D. Boone, K. A. Walker, P. F. Bernath, W. F. J. Evans, D. A. Degenstein, J.-H. Yee, P. Sheese, and E. J. Llewellyn, “NO2 air afterglow and O and NO densities from ODIN-OSIRIS night and ACE-FTS sunset observations in the antarctic MLT region,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D12301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

DeMazière, M.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Devi, V.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Drayson, S. R.

J. M. Russell and S. R. Drayson, “The inference of atmospheric ozone using satellite horizon measurements in the 1042  cm−1 band,” J. Atmos. Sci. 29, 376–390 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Drob, D.

J. Picone, A. Hedin, D. Drob, and A. Aikin, “NRLMSISE-00 empirical model of the atmosphere: statistical comparisons and scientific issues,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 1468–1483 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Drummond, J. R.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dufour, D.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Englert, C. R.

J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, M. Hornyi, L. L. Gordley, D. W. Rusch, M. E. Hervig, G. E. Thomas, C. E. Randall, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, M. E. Summers, M. I. Taylor, C. R. Englert, P. Espy, W. E. McClintock, and A. W. Merkel, “Aeronomy of ice in the mesosphere (AIM): overview and early science results,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 289–299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Espy, P.

J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, M. Hornyi, L. L. Gordley, D. W. Rusch, M. E. Hervig, G. E. Thomas, C. E. Randall, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, M. E. Summers, M. I. Taylor, C. R. Englert, P. Espy, W. E. McClintock, and A. W. Merkel, “Aeronomy of ice in the mesosphere (AIM): overview and early science results,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 289–299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Evans, W.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Evans, W. F. J.

R. L. Gattinger, I. C. McDade, A. L. A. Suzán, C. D. Boone, K. A. Walker, P. F. Bernath, W. F. J. Evans, D. A. Degenstein, J.-H. Yee, P. Sheese, and E. J. Llewellyn, “NO2 air afterglow and O and NO densities from ODIN-OSIRIS night and ACE-FTS sunset observations in the antarctic MLT region,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D12301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Z. Y.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fast, H.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Firanski, B. J.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fish, C.

L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, C. Fish, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, J. Cook, S. Hansen, A. Shumway, G. Paxton, L. Deaver, T. Marshall, J. Burton, B. Magill, C. Brown, E. Thompson, and J. Kemp, “The solar occultation for ice experiment (SOFIE),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 300–315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Flaud, J.-M.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

French, W. J. R.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Frerick, J.

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noel, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. P. H. Goede, “SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127–150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fromm, M.

D. Siskind, G. Nedoluha, C. Randall, M. Fromm, and J. M. Russell, “An assessment of southern hemisphere stratospheric NOx enhancements due to transport from the upper atmosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 329–332 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Funke, B.

D. Bermejo-Pantaleón, B. Funke, M. López-Puertas, M. García-Comas, G. P. Stiller, T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, M. Kiefer, N. Glatthor, S. Kellmann, and G. Lu, “Global observations of thermospheric temperature and nitric oxide from MIPAS spectra at 5.3 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, A10313 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fussen, D.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gamache, R.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

García-Comas, M.

D. Bermejo-Pantaleón, B. Funke, M. López-Puertas, M. García-Comas, G. P. Stiller, T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, M. Kiefer, N. Glatthor, S. Kellmann, and G. Lu, “Global observations of thermospheric temperature and nitric oxide from MIPAS spectra at 5.3 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, A10313 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gattinger, R.

P. Sheese, R. Gattinger, E. Llewellyn, C. Boone, and K. Strong, “Nightime nitric oxide densities in the southern hemisphere mesosphere-lower thermosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L15812 (2011).

Gattinger, R. L.

R. L. Gattinger, I. C. McDade, A. L. A. Suzán, C. D. Boone, K. A. Walker, P. F. Bernath, W. F. J. Evans, D. A. Degenstein, J.-H. Yee, P. Sheese, and E. J. Llewellyn, “NO2 air afterglow and O and NO densities from ODIN-OSIRIS night and ACE-FTS sunset observations in the antarctic MLT region,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D12301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gerard, P.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gerding, M.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gilbert, K.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Glatthor, N.

D. Bermejo-Pantaleón, B. Funke, M. López-Puertas, M. García-Comas, G. P. Stiller, T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, M. Kiefer, N. Glatthor, S. Kellmann, and G. Lu, “Global observations of thermospheric temperature and nitric oxide from MIPAS spectra at 5.3 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, A10313 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Goede, A. P. H.

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noel, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. P. H. Goede, “SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127–150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Goldman, A.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Gordley, L. L.

M. G. Mlynczak, L. A. Hunt, B. T. Marshall, F. J. Martin-Torres, C. J. Mertens, J. M. Russell, E. E. Remsberg, M. Lopez-Puertas, R. Picard, J. Winick, P. Wintersteiner, R. E. Thompson, and L. L. Gordley, “Observations of infrared radiative cooling in the thermosphere on daily to multiyear timescales from the TIMED/SABER instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, A03309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, M. Hornyi, L. L. Gordley, D. W. Rusch, M. E. Hervig, G. E. Thomas, C. E. Randall, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, M. E. Summers, M. I. Taylor, C. R. Englert, P. Espy, W. E. McClintock, and A. W. Merkel, “Aeronomy of ice in the mesosphere (AIM): overview and early science results,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 289–299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, C. Fish, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, J. Cook, S. Hansen, A. Shumway, G. Paxton, L. Deaver, T. Marshall, J. Burton, B. Magill, C. Brown, E. Thompson, and J. Kemp, “The solar occultation for ice experiment (SOFIE),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 300–315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Randall, V. L. Harvey, G. L. Manney, Y. Orsolini, M. Codrescu, C. Sioris, S. Brohede, C. S. Haley, L. L. Gordley, J. M. Zawodny, and J. M. Russell, “Stratospheric effects of energetic particle precipitation in 2003–2004,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L05802 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grabowski, U.

D. Bermejo-Pantaleón, B. Funke, M. López-Puertas, M. García-Comas, G. P. Stiller, T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, M. Kiefer, N. Glatthor, S. Kellmann, and G. Lu, “Global observations of thermospheric temperature and nitric oxide from MIPAS spectra at 5.3 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, A10313 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Granville, J.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Haley, C. S.

C. E. Randall, V. L. Harvey, G. L. Manney, Y. Orsolini, M. Codrescu, C. Sioris, S. Brohede, C. S. Haley, L. L. Gordley, J. M. Zawodny, and J. M. Russell, “Stratospheric effects of energetic particle precipitation in 2003–2004,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L05802 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, S.

L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, C. Fish, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, J. Cook, S. Hansen, A. Shumway, G. Paxton, L. Deaver, T. Marshall, J. Burton, B. Magill, C. Brown, E. Thompson, and J. Kemp, “The solar occultation for ice experiment (SOFIE),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 300–315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hartman, J.-M.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Harvey, V.

C. Randall, V. Harvey, C. Singleton, P. Bernath, C. Boone, and J. Kozyra, “Enhanced NOx in 2006 linked to strong upper stratospheric arctic vortex,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L18811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, V. L.

C. E. Randall, V. L. Harvey, G. L. Manney, Y. Orsolini, M. Codrescu, C. Sioris, S. Brohede, C. S. Haley, L. L. Gordley, J. M. Zawodny, and J. M. Russell, “Stratospheric effects of energetic particle precipitation in 2003–2004,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L05802 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hedin, A.

J. Picone, A. Hedin, D. Drob, and A. Aikin, “NRLMSISE-00 empirical model of the atmosphere: statistical comparisons and scientific issues,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 1468–1483 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hervig, M. E.

L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, C. Fish, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, J. Cook, S. Hansen, A. Shumway, G. Paxton, L. Deaver, T. Marshall, J. Burton, B. Magill, C. Brown, E. Thompson, and J. Kemp, “The solar occultation for ice experiment (SOFIE),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 300–315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, M. Hornyi, L. L. Gordley, D. W. Rusch, M. E. Hervig, G. E. Thomas, C. E. Randall, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, M. E. Summers, M. I. Taylor, C. R. Englert, P. Espy, W. E. McClintock, and A. W. Merkel, “Aeronomy of ice in the mesosphere (AIM): overview and early science results,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 289–299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Höpfner, M.

D. Bermejo-Pantaleón, B. Funke, M. López-Puertas, M. García-Comas, G. P. Stiller, T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, M. Kiefer, N. Glatthor, S. Kellmann, and G. Lu, “Global observations of thermospheric temperature and nitric oxide from MIPAS spectra at 5.3 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, A10313 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hornyi, M.

J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, M. Hornyi, L. L. Gordley, D. W. Rusch, M. E. Hervig, G. E. Thomas, C. E. Randall, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, M. E. Summers, M. I. Taylor, C. R. Englert, P. Espy, W. E. McClintock, and A. W. Merkel, “Aeronomy of ice in the mesosphere (AIM): overview and early science results,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 289–299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hunt, L. A.

M. G. Mlynczak, L. A. Hunt, B. T. Marshall, F. J. Martin-Torres, C. J. Mertens, J. M. Russell, E. E. Remsberg, M. Lopez-Puertas, R. Picard, J. Winick, P. Wintersteiner, R. E. Thompson, and L. L. Gordley, “Observations of infrared radiative cooling in the thermosphere on daily to multiyear timescales from the TIMED/SABER instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, A03309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Innis, J. L.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Izawa, M. R. M.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jacquemart, D.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Jennings, D.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jucks, K.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Keckhut, P.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kellmann, S.

D. Bermejo-Pantaleón, B. Funke, M. López-Puertas, M. García-Comas, G. P. Stiller, T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, M. Kiefer, N. Glatthor, S. Kellmann, and G. Lu, “Global observations of thermospheric temperature and nitric oxide from MIPAS spectra at 5.3 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, A10313 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kemp, J.

L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, C. Fish, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, J. Cook, S. Hansen, A. Shumway, G. Paxton, L. Deaver, T. Marshall, J. Burton, B. Magill, C. Brown, E. Thompson, and J. Kemp, “The solar occultation for ice experiment (SOFIE),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 300–315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kerzenmacher, T.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kiefer, M.

D. Bermejo-Pantaleón, B. Funke, M. López-Puertas, M. García-Comas, G. P. Stiller, T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, M. Kiefer, N. Glatthor, S. Kellmann, and G. Lu, “Global observations of thermospheric temperature and nitric oxide from MIPAS spectra at 5.3 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, A10313 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Klekociuk, A. R.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kozyra, J.

C. Randall, V. Harvey, C. Singleton, P. Bernath, C. Boone, and J. Kozyra, “Enhanced NOx in 2006 linked to strong upper stratospheric arctic vortex,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L18811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kyrö, E.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lambert, J. C.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Linden, A.

D. Bermejo-Pantaleón, B. Funke, M. López-Puertas, M. García-Comas, G. P. Stiller, T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, M. Kiefer, N. Glatthor, S. Kellmann, and G. Lu, “Global observations of thermospheric temperature and nitric oxide from MIPAS spectra at 5.3 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, A10313 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Llewellyn, E.

P. Sheese, R. Gattinger, E. Llewellyn, C. Boone, and K. Strong, “Nightime nitric oxide densities in the southern hemisphere mesosphere-lower thermosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L15812 (2011).

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Llewellyn, E. J.

R. L. Gattinger, I. C. McDade, A. L. A. Suzán, C. D. Boone, K. A. Walker, P. F. Bernath, W. F. J. Evans, D. A. Degenstein, J.-H. Yee, P. Sheese, and E. J. Llewellyn, “NO2 air afterglow and O and NO densities from ODIN-OSIRIS night and ACE-FTS sunset observations in the antarctic MLT region,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D12301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lopez-Puertas, M.

M. G. Mlynczak, L. A. Hunt, B. T. Marshall, F. J. Martin-Torres, C. J. Mertens, J. M. Russell, E. E. Remsberg, M. Lopez-Puertas, R. Picard, J. Winick, P. Wintersteiner, R. E. Thompson, and L. L. Gordley, “Observations of infrared radiative cooling in the thermosphere on daily to multiyear timescales from the TIMED/SABER instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, A03309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

López-Puertas, M.

D. Bermejo-Pantaleón, B. Funke, M. López-Puertas, M. García-Comas, G. P. Stiller, T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, M. Kiefer, N. Glatthor, S. Kellmann, and G. Lu, “Global observations of thermospheric temperature and nitric oxide from MIPAS spectra at 5.3 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, A10313 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lowe, R.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lu, G.

D. Bermejo-Pantaleón, B. Funke, M. López-Puertas, M. García-Comas, G. P. Stiller, T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, M. Kiefer, N. Glatthor, S. Kellmann, and G. Lu, “Global observations of thermospheric temperature and nitric oxide from MIPAS spectra at 5.3 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, A10313 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Magill, B.

L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, C. Fish, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, J. Cook, S. Hansen, A. Shumway, G. Paxton, L. Deaver, T. Marshall, J. Burton, B. Magill, C. Brown, E. Thompson, and J. Kemp, “The solar occultation for ice experiment (SOFIE),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 300–315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mahieu, E.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Maki, A.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Mandin, J.-Y.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Mankoff, K.

C. Barth, K. Mankoff, S. Bailey, and S. Solomon, “Global observations of nitric oxide in the thermosphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(A1), 1027–1037 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Manney, G. L.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Randall, V. L. Harvey, G. L. Manney, Y. Orsolini, M. Codrescu, C. Sioris, S. Brohede, C. S. Haley, L. L. Gordley, J. M. Zawodny, and J. M. Russell, “Stratospheric effects of energetic particle precipitation in 2003–2004,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L05802 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, B. T.

M. G. Mlynczak, L. A. Hunt, B. T. Marshall, F. J. Martin-Torres, C. J. Mertens, J. M. Russell, E. E. Remsberg, M. Lopez-Puertas, R. Picard, J. Winick, P. Wintersteiner, R. E. Thompson, and L. L. Gordley, “Observations of infrared radiative cooling in the thermosphere on daily to multiyear timescales from the TIMED/SABER instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, A03309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, T.

L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, C. Fish, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, J. Cook, S. Hansen, A. Shumway, G. Paxton, L. Deaver, T. Marshall, J. Burton, B. Magill, C. Brown, E. Thompson, and J. Kemp, “The solar occultation for ice experiment (SOFIE),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 300–315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Torres, F. J.

M. G. Mlynczak, L. A. Hunt, B. T. Marshall, F. J. Martin-Torres, C. J. Mertens, J. M. Russell, E. E. Remsberg, M. Lopez-Puertas, R. Picard, J. Winick, P. Wintersteiner, R. E. Thompson, and L. L. Gordley, “Observations of infrared radiative cooling in the thermosphere on daily to multiyear timescales from the TIMED/SABER instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, A03309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Massie, S.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

McClintock, W. E.

J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, M. Hornyi, L. L. Gordley, D. W. Rusch, M. E. Hervig, G. E. Thomas, C. E. Randall, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, M. E. Summers, M. I. Taylor, C. R. Englert, P. Espy, W. E. McClintock, and A. W. Merkel, “Aeronomy of ice in the mesosphere (AIM): overview and early science results,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 289–299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

McConnell, J.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McDade, I. C.

R. L. Gattinger, I. C. McDade, A. L. A. Suzán, C. D. Boone, K. A. Walker, P. F. Bernath, W. F. J. Evans, D. A. Degenstein, J.-H. Yee, P. Sheese, and E. J. Llewellyn, “NO2 air afterglow and O and NO densities from ODIN-OSIRIS night and ACE-FTS sunset observations in the antarctic MLT region,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D12301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

McDermid, I. S.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

McElroy, C.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McHugh, M.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McLeod, S.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McLeod, S. D.

Merkel, A. W.

J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, M. Hornyi, L. L. Gordley, D. W. Rusch, M. E. Hervig, G. E. Thomas, C. E. Randall, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, M. E. Summers, M. I. Taylor, C. R. Englert, P. Espy, W. E. McClintock, and A. W. Merkel, “Aeronomy of ice in the mesosphere (AIM): overview and early science results,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 289–299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mertens, C. J.

M. G. Mlynczak, L. A. Hunt, B. T. Marshall, F. J. Martin-Torres, C. J. Mertens, J. M. Russell, E. E. Remsberg, M. Lopez-Puertas, R. Picard, J. Winick, P. Wintersteiner, R. E. Thompson, and L. L. Gordley, “Observations of infrared radiative cooling in the thermosphere on daily to multiyear timescales from the TIMED/SABER instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, A03309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Michaud, R.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Midwinter, C.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mizutani, K.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mlynczak, M. G.

M. G. Mlynczak, L. A. Hunt, B. T. Marshall, F. J. Martin-Torres, C. J. Mertens, J. M. Russell, E. E. Remsberg, M. Lopez-Puertas, R. Picard, J. Winick, P. Wintersteiner, R. E. Thompson, and L. L. Gordley, “Observations of infrared radiative cooling in the thermosphere on daily to multiyear timescales from the TIMED/SABER instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, A03309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mor, J.

J. Mor, “The Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm: implementation and theory,” in Numerical Analysis, G. Watson, ed. Vol. 630 of Lecture Notes in Mathematics (Springer, 1978), pp. 105–116.

Murayama, Y.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nassar, R.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Boone, R. Nassar, K. A. Walker, Y. Rochon, S. D. McLeod, C. P. Rinsland, and P. F. Bernath, “Retrievals for the atmospheric chemistry Experiment Fourier-transform spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 44, 7218–7231 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nedoluha, G.

D. Siskind, G. Nedoluha, C. Randall, M. Fromm, and J. M. Russell, “An assessment of southern hemisphere stratospheric NOx enhancements due to transport from the upper atmosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 329–332 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nichitiu, F.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Noel, S.

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noel, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. P. H. Goede, “SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127–150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nowlan, C.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Orphal, J.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Orsolini, Y.

C. E. Randall, V. L. Harvey, G. L. Manney, Y. Orsolini, M. Codrescu, C. Sioris, S. Brohede, C. S. Haley, L. L. Gordley, J. M. Zawodny, and J. M. Russell, “Stratospheric effects of energetic particle precipitation in 2003–2004,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L05802 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Paxton, G.

L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, C. Fish, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, J. Cook, S. Hansen, A. Shumway, G. Paxton, L. Deaver, T. Marshall, J. Burton, B. Magill, C. Brown, E. Thompson, and J. Kemp, “The solar occultation for ice experiment (SOFIE),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 300–315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, A.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Petelina, S. V.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Picard, R.

M. G. Mlynczak, L. A. Hunt, B. T. Marshall, F. J. Martin-Torres, C. J. Mertens, J. M. Russell, E. E. Remsberg, M. Lopez-Puertas, R. Picard, J. Winick, P. Wintersteiner, R. E. Thompson, and L. L. Gordley, “Observations of infrared radiative cooling in the thermosphere on daily to multiyear timescales from the TIMED/SABER instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, A03309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Piccolo, C.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Picone, J.

J. Picone, A. Hedin, D. Drob, and A. Aikin, “NRLMSISE-00 empirical model of the atmosphere: statistical comparisons and scientific issues,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 1468–1483 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Randall, C.

C. Randall, V. Harvey, C. Singleton, P. Bernath, C. Boone, and J. Kozyra, “Enhanced NOx in 2006 linked to strong upper stratospheric arctic vortex,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L18811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Siskind, G. Nedoluha, C. Randall, M. Fromm, and J. M. Russell, “An assessment of southern hemisphere stratospheric NOx enhancements due to transport from the upper atmosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 329–332 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Randall, C. E.

J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, M. Hornyi, L. L. Gordley, D. W. Rusch, M. E. Hervig, G. E. Thomas, C. E. Randall, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, M. E. Summers, M. I. Taylor, C. R. Englert, P. Espy, W. E. McClintock, and A. W. Merkel, “Aeronomy of ice in the mesosphere (AIM): overview and early science results,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 289–299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Randall, V. L. Harvey, G. L. Manney, Y. Orsolini, M. Codrescu, C. Sioris, S. Brohede, C. S. Haley, L. L. Gordley, J. M. Zawodny, and J. M. Russell, “Stratospheric effects of energetic particle precipitation in 2003–2004,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L05802 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Raspollini, P.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Remsberg, E. E.

M. G. Mlynczak, L. A. Hunt, B. T. Marshall, F. J. Martin-Torres, C. J. Mertens, J. M. Russell, E. E. Remsberg, M. Lopez-Puertas, R. Picard, J. Winick, P. Wintersteiner, R. E. Thompson, and L. L. Gordley, “Observations of infrared radiative cooling in the thermosphere on daily to multiyear timescales from the TIMED/SABER instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, A03309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ridolfi, M.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rinsland, C.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Rinsland, C. P.

Robert, C.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rochon, Y.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Boone, R. Nassar, K. A. Walker, Y. Rochon, S. D. McLeod, C. P. Rinsland, and P. F. Bernath, “Retrievals for the atmospheric chemistry Experiment Fourier-transform spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 44, 7218–7231 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rothman, L.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Rowlands, N.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rozanov, V. V.

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noel, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. P. H. Goede, “SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127–150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rusch, D. W.

J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, M. Hornyi, L. L. Gordley, D. W. Rusch, M. E. Hervig, G. E. Thomas, C. E. Randall, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, M. E. Summers, M. I. Taylor, C. R. Englert, P. Espy, W. E. McClintock, and A. W. Merkel, “Aeronomy of ice in the mesosphere (AIM): overview and early science results,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 289–299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Russell, J. M.

M. G. Mlynczak, L. A. Hunt, B. T. Marshall, F. J. Martin-Torres, C. J. Mertens, J. M. Russell, E. E. Remsberg, M. Lopez-Puertas, R. Picard, J. Winick, P. Wintersteiner, R. E. Thompson, and L. L. Gordley, “Observations of infrared radiative cooling in the thermosphere on daily to multiyear timescales from the TIMED/SABER instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, A03309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, M. Hornyi, L. L. Gordley, D. W. Rusch, M. E. Hervig, G. E. Thomas, C. E. Randall, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, M. E. Summers, M. I. Taylor, C. R. Englert, P. Espy, W. E. McClintock, and A. W. Merkel, “Aeronomy of ice in the mesosphere (AIM): overview and early science results,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 289–299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, C. Fish, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, J. Cook, S. Hansen, A. Shumway, G. Paxton, L. Deaver, T. Marshall, J. Burton, B. Magill, C. Brown, E. Thompson, and J. Kemp, “The solar occultation for ice experiment (SOFIE),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 300–315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Randall, V. L. Harvey, G. L. Manney, Y. Orsolini, M. Codrescu, C. Sioris, S. Brohede, C. S. Haley, L. L. Gordley, J. M. Zawodny, and J. M. Russell, “Stratospheric effects of energetic particle precipitation in 2003–2004,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L05802 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Siskind, G. Nedoluha, C. Randall, M. Fromm, and J. M. Russell, “An assessment of southern hemisphere stratospheric NOx enhancements due to transport from the upper atmosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 329–332 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Russell and S. R. Drayson, “The inference of atmospheric ozone using satellite horizon measurements in the 1042  cm−1 band,” J. Atmos. Sci. 29, 376–390 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Semeniuk, K.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sheese, P.

P. Sheese, R. Gattinger, E. Llewellyn, C. Boone, and K. Strong, “Nightime nitric oxide densities in the southern hemisphere mesosphere-lower thermosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L15812 (2011).

R. L. Gattinger, I. C. McDade, A. L. A. Suzán, C. D. Boone, K. A. Walker, P. F. Bernath, W. F. J. Evans, D. A. Degenstein, J.-H. Yee, P. Sheese, and E. J. Llewellyn, “NO2 air afterglow and O and NO densities from ODIN-OSIRIS night and ACE-FTS sunset observations in the antarctic MLT region,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D12301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shumway, A.

L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, C. Fish, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, J. Cook, S. Hansen, A. Shumway, G. Paxton, L. Deaver, T. Marshall, J. Burton, B. Magill, C. Brown, E. Thompson, and J. Kemp, “The solar occultation for ice experiment (SOFIE),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 300–315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sica, R. J.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Simon, P.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Singleton, C.

C. Randall, V. Harvey, C. Singleton, P. Bernath, C. Boone, and J. Kozyra, “Enhanced NOx in 2006 linked to strong upper stratospheric arctic vortex,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L18811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sioris, C.

C. E. Randall, V. L. Harvey, G. L. Manney, Y. Orsolini, M. Codrescu, C. Sioris, S. Brohede, C. S. Haley, L. L. Gordley, J. M. Zawodny, and J. M. Russell, “Stratospheric effects of energetic particle precipitation in 2003–2004,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L05802 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Siskind, D.

D. Siskind, G. Nedoluha, C. Randall, M. Fromm, and J. M. Russell, “An assessment of southern hemisphere stratospheric NOx enhancements due to transport from the upper atmosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 329–332 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Siskind, D. E.

J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, M. Hornyi, L. L. Gordley, D. W. Rusch, M. E. Hervig, G. E. Thomas, C. E. Randall, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, M. E. Summers, M. I. Taylor, C. R. Englert, P. Espy, W. E. McClintock, and A. W. Merkel, “Aeronomy of ice in the mesosphere (AIM): overview and early science results,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 289–299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Skelton, R.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sloan, J.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Solomon, S.

C. Barth, K. Mankoff, S. Bailey, and S. Solomon, “Global observations of nitric oxide in the thermosphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(A1), 1027–1037 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Solomon, S. C.

S. M. Bailey, C. A. Barth, and S. C. Solomon, “A model of nitric oxide in the lower thermosphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(A8), SIA 22 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Soucy, M.-A.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Steinbrecht, W.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stevens, M. H.

J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, M. Hornyi, L. L. Gordley, D. W. Rusch, M. E. Hervig, G. E. Thomas, C. E. Randall, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, M. E. Summers, M. I. Taylor, C. R. Englert, P. Espy, W. E. McClintock, and A. W. Merkel, “Aeronomy of ice in the mesosphere (AIM): overview and early science results,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 289–299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stiller, G. P.

D. Bermejo-Pantaleón, B. Funke, M. López-Puertas, M. García-Comas, G. P. Stiller, T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, M. Kiefer, N. Glatthor, S. Kellmann, and G. Lu, “Global observations of thermospheric temperature and nitric oxide from MIPAS spectra at 5.3 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, A10313 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Strawbridge, K. B.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Strong, K.

P. Sheese, R. Gattinger, E. Llewellyn, C. Boone, and K. Strong, “Nightime nitric oxide densities in the southern hemisphere mesosphere-lower thermosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L15812 (2011).

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stübi, R.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Summers, M. E.

J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, M. Hornyi, L. L. Gordley, D. W. Rusch, M. E. Hervig, G. E. Thomas, C. E. Randall, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, M. E. Summers, M. I. Taylor, C. R. Englert, P. Espy, W. E. McClintock, and A. W. Merkel, “Aeronomy of ice in the mesosphere (AIM): overview and early science results,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 289–299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suzán, A. L. A.

R. L. Gattinger, I. C. McDade, A. L. A. Suzán, C. D. Boone, K. A. Walker, P. F. Bernath, W. F. J. Evans, D. A. Degenstein, J.-H. Yee, P. Sheese, and E. J. Llewellyn, “NO2 air afterglow and O and NO densities from ODIN-OSIRIS night and ACE-FTS sunset observations in the antarctic MLT region,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D12301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, M. I.

J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, M. Hornyi, L. L. Gordley, D. W. Rusch, M. E. Hervig, G. E. Thomas, C. E. Randall, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, M. E. Summers, M. I. Taylor, C. R. Englert, P. Espy, W. E. McClintock, and A. W. Merkel, “Aeronomy of ice in the mesosphere (AIM): overview and early science results,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 289–299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tennyson, J.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Thomas, G. E.

J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, M. Hornyi, L. L. Gordley, D. W. Rusch, M. E. Hervig, G. E. Thomas, C. E. Randall, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, M. E. Summers, M. I. Taylor, C. R. Englert, P. Espy, W. E. McClintock, and A. W. Merkel, “Aeronomy of ice in the mesosphere (AIM): overview and early science results,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 289–299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, E.

L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, C. Fish, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, J. Cook, S. Hansen, A. Shumway, G. Paxton, L. Deaver, T. Marshall, J. Burton, B. Magill, C. Brown, E. Thompson, and J. Kemp, “The solar occultation for ice experiment (SOFIE),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 300–315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, R. E.

M. G. Mlynczak, L. A. Hunt, B. T. Marshall, F. J. Martin-Torres, C. J. Mertens, J. M. Russell, E. E. Remsberg, M. Lopez-Puertas, R. Picard, J. Winick, P. Wintersteiner, R. E. Thompson, and L. L. Gordley, “Observations of infrared radiative cooling in the thermosphere on daily to multiyear timescales from the TIMED/SABER instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, A03309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Thurairajah, B.

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tolchenov, R.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Toth, R.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Tremblay, P.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Turnbull, D.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Varanasi, P.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

von Clarmann, T.

D. Bermejo-Pantaleón, B. Funke, M. López-Puertas, M. García-Comas, G. P. Stiller, T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, M. Kiefer, N. Glatthor, S. Kellmann, and G. Lu, “Global observations of thermospheric temperature and nitric oxide from MIPAS spectra at 5.3 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, A10313 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, G.

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Walker, K.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Walker, K. A.

R. L. Gattinger, I. C. McDade, A. L. A. Suzán, C. D. Boone, K. A. Walker, P. F. Bernath, W. F. J. Evans, D. A. Degenstein, J.-H. Yee, P. Sheese, and E. J. Llewellyn, “NO2 air afterglow and O and NO densities from ODIN-OSIRIS night and ACE-FTS sunset observations in the antarctic MLT region,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D12301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Boone, R. Nassar, K. A. Walker, Y. Rochon, S. D. McLeod, C. P. Rinsland, and P. F. Bernath, “Retrievals for the atmospheric chemistry Experiment Fourier-transform spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 44, 7218–7231 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Walkty, I.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wardle, D.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wehrle, V.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Winick, J.

M. G. Mlynczak, L. A. Hunt, B. T. Marshall, F. J. Martin-Torres, C. J. Mertens, J. M. Russell, E. E. Remsberg, M. Lopez-Puertas, R. Picard, J. Winick, P. Wintersteiner, R. E. Thompson, and L. L. Gordley, “Observations of infrared radiative cooling in the thermosphere on daily to multiyear timescales from the TIMED/SABER instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, A03309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wintersteiner, P.

M. G. Mlynczak, L. A. Hunt, B. T. Marshall, F. J. Martin-Torres, C. J. Mertens, J. M. Russell, E. E. Remsberg, M. Lopez-Puertas, R. Picard, J. Winick, P. Wintersteiner, R. E. Thompson, and L. L. Gordley, “Observations of infrared radiative cooling in the thermosphere on daily to multiyear timescales from the TIMED/SABER instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, A03309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yee, J.-H.

R. L. Gattinger, I. C. McDade, A. L. A. Suzán, C. D. Boone, K. A. Walker, P. F. Bernath, W. F. J. Evans, D. A. Degenstein, J.-H. Yee, P. Sheese, and E. J. Llewellyn, “NO2 air afterglow and O and NO densities from ODIN-OSIRIS night and ACE-FTS sunset observations in the antarctic MLT region,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D12301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zander, R.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zawodny, J. M.

C. E. Randall, V. L. Harvey, G. L. Manney, Y. Orsolini, M. Codrescu, C. Sioris, S. Brohede, C. S. Haley, L. L. Gordley, J. M. Zawodny, and J. M. Russell, “Stratospheric effects of energetic particle precipitation in 2003–2004,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L05802 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zou, J.

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Atmos. Chem. Phys. (1)

R. J. Sica, M. R. M. Izawa, K. A. Walker, C. Boone, S. V. Petelina, P. S. Argall, P. Bernath, G. B. Burns, V. Catoire, R. L. Collins, W. H. Daffer, C. De Clercq, Z. Y. Fan, B. J. Firanski, W. J. R. French, P. Gerard, M. Gerding, J. Granville, J. L. Innis, P. Keckhut, T. Kerzenmacher, A. R. Klekociuk, E. Kyrö, J. C. Lambert, E. J. Llewellyn, G. L. Manney, I. S. McDermid, K. Mizutani, Y. Murayama, C. Piccolo, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, C. Robert, W. Steinbrecht, K. B. Strawbridge, K. Strong, R. Stübi, and B. Thurairajah, “Validation of NO2 and NO from the atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE),” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5801–5841 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (5)

C. Randall, V. Harvey, C. Singleton, P. Bernath, C. Boone, and J. Kozyra, “Enhanced NOx in 2006 linked to strong upper stratospheric arctic vortex,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L18811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Randall, V. L. Harvey, G. L. Manney, Y. Orsolini, M. Codrescu, C. Sioris, S. Brohede, C. S. Haley, L. L. Gordley, J. M. Zawodny, and J. M. Russell, “Stratospheric effects of energetic particle precipitation in 2003–2004,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L05802 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Siskind, G. Nedoluha, C. Randall, M. Fromm, and J. M. Russell, “An assessment of southern hemisphere stratospheric NOx enhancements due to transport from the upper atmosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 329–332 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Bernath, C. McElroy, M. Abrams, C. Boone, M. Butler, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, P.-F. Coheur, R. Colin, P. DeCola, M. DeMazière, J. R. Drummond, D. Dufour, W. Evans, H. Fast, D. Fussen, K. Gilbert, D. Jennings, E. Llewellyn, R. Lowe, E. Mahieu, J. McConnell, M. McHugh, S. McLeod, R. Michaud, C. Midwinter, R. Nassar, F. Nichitiu, C. Nowlan, C. Rinsland, Y. Rochon, N. Rowlands, K. Semeniuk, P. Simon, R. Skelton, J. Sloan, M.-A. Soucy, K. Strong, P. Tremblay, D. Turnbull, K. Walker, I. Walkty, D. Wardle, V. Wehrle, R. Zander, and J. Zou, “Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): mission overview,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15S01 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Sheese, R. Gattinger, E. Llewellyn, C. Boone, and K. Strong, “Nightime nitric oxide densities in the southern hemisphere mesosphere-lower thermosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L15812 (2011).

J. Atmos. Sci. (2)

J. M. Russell and S. R. Drayson, “The inference of atmospheric ozone using satellite horizon measurements in the 1042  cm−1 band,” J. Atmos. Sci. 29, 376–390 (1972).
[CrossRef]

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noel, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. P. H. Goede, “SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127–150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. (2)

J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, M. Hornyi, L. L. Gordley, D. W. Rusch, M. E. Hervig, G. E. Thomas, C. E. Randall, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, M. E. Summers, M. I. Taylor, C. R. Englert, P. Espy, W. E. McClintock, and A. W. Merkel, “Aeronomy of ice in the mesosphere (AIM): overview and early science results,” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 289–299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, C. Fish, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, J. Cook, S. Hansen, A. Shumway, G. Paxton, L. Deaver, T. Marshall, J. Burton, B. Magill, C. Brown, E. Thompson, and J. Kemp, “The solar occultation for ice experiment (SOFIE),” J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 300–315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (6)

C. Barth, K. Mankoff, S. Bailey, and S. Solomon, “Global observations of nitric oxide in the thermosphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(A1), 1027–1037 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Bailey, C. A. Barth, and S. C. Solomon, “A model of nitric oxide in the lower thermosphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(A8), SIA 22 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Picone, A. Hedin, D. Drob, and A. Aikin, “NRLMSISE-00 empirical model of the atmosphere: statistical comparisons and scientific issues,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 1468–1483 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Gattinger, I. C. McDade, A. L. A. Suzán, C. D. Boone, K. A. Walker, P. F. Bernath, W. F. J. Evans, D. A. Degenstein, J.-H. Yee, P. Sheese, and E. J. Llewellyn, “NO2 air afterglow and O and NO densities from ODIN-OSIRIS night and ACE-FTS sunset observations in the antarctic MLT region,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D12301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Bermejo-Pantaleón, B. Funke, M. López-Puertas, M. García-Comas, G. P. Stiller, T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, M. Kiefer, N. Glatthor, S. Kellmann, and G. Lu, “Global observations of thermospheric temperature and nitric oxide from MIPAS spectra at 5.3 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, A10313 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Mlynczak, L. A. Hunt, B. T. Marshall, F. J. Martin-Torres, C. J. Mertens, J. M. Russell, E. E. Remsberg, M. Lopez-Puertas, R. Picard, J. Winick, P. Wintersteiner, R. E. Thompson, and L. L. Gordley, “Observations of infrared radiative cooling in the thermosphere on daily to multiyear timescales from the TIMED/SABER instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, A03309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (1)

L. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. Brown, M. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. Coudert, V. Dana, V. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartman, K. Jucks, A. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. Rinsland, M. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. Tolchenov, R. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139–204 (2005).

Other (1)

J. Mor, “The Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm: implementation and theory,” in Numerical Analysis, G. Watson, ed. Vol. 630 of Lecture Notes in Mathematics (Springer, 1978), pp. 105–116.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Oscillation in the SOFIE 5.32 μm signal during a SS measurement. (b) Corresponding oscillation in the detector temperature for that same event.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Oscillation in the SOFIE 5.32 μm signal during a SR measurement. (b) Corresponding oscillation in the detector temperature for that same event.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Example of a “no solar source function” (no-SSF) calibration event taken during May 2009. The event is shown in gray and the model is shown in black. The vertical line corresponds to the exoatmospheric level defined as the signal value at Δt=0, which corresponds to a tangent height of approximately 140 km. The horizontal lines indicate the range over which the signal data are being fitted. The BA caused the discontinuity from 15 to 20 s.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Example of the correction applied to a sunset event. The original signal is shown in gray and the corrected signal in black along with its uncertainty.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Example of the correction applied to a sunrise event. The original signal is shown in gray and the corrected signal in black along with its uncertainty.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

NO estimated mean precision for individual events and daily averages for version V1.2. The NO precision using a retrieval with 10 interleaves is also shown as “V1.3 test.”

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

NO density comparisons between SOFIE and ACE for the SH. (a) shows the mean coincident profile, the standard error of the mean (SEM) for each mean profile and the estimated daily uncertainty indicated by the shading. For clarity the SEM is plotted at alternating altitudes for the two instruments. (b) shows the difference of the mean coincident profiles, the SEM of the difference, and the total uncertainty of the two measurements.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

NO density comparisons between SOFIE and ACE for the NH. (a) shows the mean coincident profile, the SEM for each mean profile and the estimated daily uncertainty indicated by the shading. (b) shows the difference of the mean coincident profiles, the SEM of the difference, and the total uncertainty of the two measurements.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Theoretical SOFIE NO VMR Retrieval Error Mechanisms for a Simulated SS Event

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Mosc=A[exp(Δtτ)sin(ωΔt+ϕ)sin(ϕ)]+SΔt,
CBA=Cpreθ(Δt<tBA)+Cpostθ(Δt>tBA).
M=V0CBA(1Mosc).
Vc=VmM+V0CBA=Vm+MoscV0CBA.
β=1VcV0.
χ2=i=1N(Δfiti)2σi2.

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