Abstract

A compact diode-pumped high-pulse-energy Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 laser passively Q-switched with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber is demonstrated at room temperature. An output power of 1.05 W is generated at a pulse repetition rate of 2.5 kHz when the pump power absorbed is 7.7 W, with a slope efficiency determined to be 40%. The laser pulse generated is 10.0 ns in duration, with pulse energy as high as 420 μJ and peak power amounting to 42 kW.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Mougel, K. Dardenne, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, “Ytterbium-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3: an efficient infrared laser and self-frequency doubling crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 164–172 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Augé, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, “Efficient and tunable continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 laser,” Appl. Opt. 38, 976–979 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Coujaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, A. Aron, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “90 fs pulse generation from a mode-locked diode-pumped Yb3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 laser,” Opt. Lett. 25, 423–425 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, A. Brun, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Multiwatt, tunable, diode-pumped CW Yb:GdCOB laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 389–393 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Liu, H. Yang, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Anisotropy in laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 47, 5436–5441 (2008).
  6. J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronina, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204–1208 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Brenier, “A new evaluation of Yb3+-doped crystals for laser applications,” J. Lumin. 92, 199–204 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Boulon, “Yb3+-doped oxide crystals for diode-pumped solid state lasers: crystal growth, optical spectroscopy, new criteria of evaluation and combinatorial approach,” Opt. Mater. 22, 85–87 (2003).
  9. O. Svelto, Principles of Lasers (Springer, 2010).
  10. J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Comparative study of high-power continuous-wave laser performance of Yb-doped vanadate crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 807–815 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. X. Tian, Zh. Zhou, Q. Dai, W. Han, J. Liu, and H. Zhang, “Study of Yb:YVO4 lasers end-pumped by a 985 nm diode laser,” Laser Phys. 22, 688–692 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. J. Zayhowski and P. L. Kelley, “Optimization of Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2220–2225(1991).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. C. Liang, J. Y. Huang, K. W. Su, H. C. Lai, Y. F. Chen, K. F. Huang, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and M. H. Jiang, “Passively Q-switched Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser with InGaAs quantum wells as saturable absorbers,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2292–2296 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Kränkel, R. Peters, K. Petermann, P. Loiseau, G. Aka, and G. Huber, “Efficient continuous-wave thin disk laser operation of Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 in E∥Z and E∥X orientations with 26 W output power,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1310–1314(2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Liu, Y. Wan, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, W. Han, J. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Compact diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser generating 14.0 W of continuous-wave and 8.5 W of pulsed output powers,” Appl. Phys. B (2013) (to be published).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Dual-polarization and dual-wavelength diode-pumped laser operation from a birefringent Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 323–328 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Brenier, C. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. You, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 013102 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Power scaling of a continuous-wave and passively Q-switched Yb:KLu(WO4)2laser end-pumped by a high-power diode,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 527–530 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Efficient passively Q-switched laser operation of Yb in the disordered NaGd(WO4)2 crystal host,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1728–1730(2007).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched laser operation of Yb:NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Express 15, 12900–12904 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. Liu, Y. Wan, Z. Zhou, X. Tian, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Comparative study on the laser performance of two Yb doped disordered garnet crystals: Yb:CNGG and Yb:CLNGG,” Appl. Phys. B 109, 183–188 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. Liu, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, K. Wu, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Efficient laser operation of Yb:Lu3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2388–2390 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. Liu, X. Tian, K. Wu, Q. Dai, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Highly efficient Q-switched laser operation of Yb:Y3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Express 21, 2624–2631 (2013).
    [CrossRef]

2013

2012

J. Liu, Y. Wan, Z. Zhou, X. Tian, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Comparative study on the laser performance of two Yb doped disordered garnet crystals: Yb:CNGG and Yb:CLNGG,” Appl. Phys. B 109, 183–188 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, K. Wu, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Efficient laser operation of Yb:Lu3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2388–2390 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Tian, Zh. Zhou, Q. Dai, W. Han, J. Liu, and H. Zhang, “Study of Yb:YVO4 lasers end-pumped by a 985 nm diode laser,” Laser Phys. 22, 688–692 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2009

C. Kränkel, R. Peters, K. Petermann, P. Loiseau, G. Aka, and G. Huber, “Efficient continuous-wave thin disk laser operation of Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 in E∥Z and E∥X orientations with 26 W output power,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1310–1314(2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Comparative study of high-power continuous-wave laser performance of Yb-doped vanadate crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 807–815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

J. Liu, H. Yang, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Anisotropy in laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 47, 5436–5441 (2008).

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. You, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Power scaling of a continuous-wave and passively Q-switched Yb:KLu(WO4)2laser end-pumped by a high-power diode,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 527–530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Efficient passively Q-switched laser operation of Yb in the disordered NaGd(WO4)2 crystal host,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1728–1730(2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched laser operation of Yb:NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Express 15, 12900–12904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Dual-polarization and dual-wavelength diode-pumped laser operation from a birefringent Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 323–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronina, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Liang, J. Y. Huang, K. W. Su, H. C. Lai, Y. F. Chen, K. F. Huang, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and M. H. Jiang, “Passively Q-switched Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser with InGaAs quantum wells as saturable absorbers,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2292–2296 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003

G. Boulon, “Yb3+-doped oxide crystals for diode-pumped solid state lasers: crystal growth, optical spectroscopy, new criteria of evaluation and combinatorial approach,” Opt. Mater. 22, 85–87 (2003).

2001

A. Brenier, “A new evaluation of Yb3+-doped crystals for laser applications,” J. Lumin. 92, 199–204 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, A. Brun, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Multiwatt, tunable, diode-pumped CW Yb:GdCOB laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 389–393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

1999

1991

J. J. Zayhowski and P. L. Kelley, “Optimization of Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2220–2225(1991).
[CrossRef]

Aka, G.

Aron, A.

Augé, F.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, A. Brun, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Multiwatt, tunable, diode-pumped CW Yb:GdCOB laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 389–393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Augé, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, “Efficient and tunable continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 laser,” Appl. Opt. 38, 976–979 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Balembois, F.

Boulon, G.

G. Boulon, “Yb3+-doped oxide crystals for diode-pumped solid state lasers: crystal growth, optical spectroscopy, new criteria of evaluation and combinatorial approach,” Opt. Mater. 22, 85–87 (2003).

Brenier, A.

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. You, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Dual-polarization and dual-wavelength diode-pumped laser operation from a birefringent Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 323–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Brenier, “A new evaluation of Yb3+-doped crystals for laser applications,” J. Lumin. 92, 199–204 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brun, A.

Chambaret, J. P.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, A. Brun, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Multiwatt, tunable, diode-pumped CW Yb:GdCOB laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 389–393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Chénais, S.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, A. Brun, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Multiwatt, tunable, diode-pumped CW Yb:GdCOB laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 389–393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Coujaud, A.

Dai, Q.

J. Liu, X. Tian, K. Wu, Q. Dai, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Highly efficient Q-switched laser operation of Yb:Y3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Express 21, 2624–2631 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Tian, Zh. Zhou, Q. Dai, W. Han, J. Liu, and H. Zhang, “Study of Yb:YVO4 lasers end-pumped by a 985 nm diode laser,” Laser Phys. 22, 688–692 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dardenne, K.

Denker, B.

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronina, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Druon, F.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, A. Brun, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Multiwatt, tunable, diode-pumped CW Yb:GdCOB laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 389–393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Coujaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, A. Aron, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “90 fs pulse generation from a mode-locked diode-pumped Yb3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 laser,” Opt. Lett. 25, 423–425 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Galagan, B.

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronina, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

Han, W.

J. Liu, X. Tian, K. Wu, Q. Dai, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Highly efficient Q-switched laser operation of Yb:Y3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Express 21, 2624–2631 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, K. Wu, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Efficient laser operation of Yb:Lu3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2388–2390 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, Z. Zhou, X. Tian, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Comparative study on the laser performance of two Yb doped disordered garnet crystals: Yb:CNGG and Yb:CLNGG,” Appl. Phys. B 109, 183–188 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Tian, Zh. Zhou, Q. Dai, W. Han, J. Liu, and H. Zhang, “Study of Yb:YVO4 lasers end-pumped by a 985 nm diode laser,” Laser Phys. 22, 688–692 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Comparative study of high-power continuous-wave laser performance of Yb-doped vanadate crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 807–815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, W. Han, J. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Compact diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser generating 14.0 W of continuous-wave and 8.5 W of pulsed output powers,” Appl. Phys. B (2013) (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Hellström, J. E.

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronina, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hönninger, C.

Horvath, V.

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronina, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. Y.

Huang, K. F.

Huber, G.

Ivleva, L.

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronina, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

Jiang, M. H.

Kahn-Harari, A.

Kelley, P. L.

J. J. Zayhowski and P. L. Kelley, “Optimization of Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2220–2225(1991).
[CrossRef]

Kränkel, C.

Lai, H. C.

Laurell, F.

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronina, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. You, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Dual-polarization and dual-wavelength diode-pumped laser operation from a birefringent Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 323–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, W. Han, J. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Compact diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser generating 14.0 W of continuous-wave and 8.5 W of pulsed output powers,” Appl. Phys. B (2013) (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H. C.

Liu, J.

J. Liu, X. Tian, K. Wu, Q. Dai, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Highly efficient Q-switched laser operation of Yb:Y3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Express 21, 2624–2631 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, K. Wu, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Efficient laser operation of Yb:Lu3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2388–2390 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, Z. Zhou, X. Tian, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Comparative study on the laser performance of two Yb doped disordered garnet crystals: Yb:CNGG and Yb:CLNGG,” Appl. Phys. B 109, 183–188 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Tian, Zh. Zhou, Q. Dai, W. Han, J. Liu, and H. Zhang, “Study of Yb:YVO4 lasers end-pumped by a 985 nm diode laser,” Laser Phys. 22, 688–692 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Comparative study of high-power continuous-wave laser performance of Yb-doped vanadate crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 807–815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, H. Yang, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Anisotropy in laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 47, 5436–5441 (2008).

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Efficient passively Q-switched laser operation of Yb in the disordered NaGd(WO4)2 crystal host,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1728–1730(2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched laser operation of Yb:NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Express 15, 12900–12904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Power scaling of a continuous-wave and passively Q-switched Yb:KLu(WO4)2laser end-pumped by a high-power diode,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 527–530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, W. Han, J. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Compact diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser generating 14.0 W of continuous-wave and 8.5 W of pulsed output powers,” Appl. Phys. B (2013) (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Loiseau, P.

Lucas-Leclin, G.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, A. Brun, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Multiwatt, tunable, diode-pumped CW Yb:GdCOB laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 389–393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mateos, X.

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Comparative study of high-power continuous-wave laser performance of Yb-doped vanadate crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 807–815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mougel, F.

Pasiskevicius, V.

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronina, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

Peters, R.

Petrov, V.

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Comparative study of high-power continuous-wave laser performance of Yb-doped vanadate crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 807–815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, H. Yang, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Anisotropy in laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 47, 5436–5441 (2008).

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Power scaling of a continuous-wave and passively Q-switched Yb:KLu(WO4)2laser end-pumped by a high-power diode,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 527–530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Efficient passively Q-switched laser operation of Yb in the disordered NaGd(WO4)2 crystal host,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1728–1730(2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched laser operation of Yb:NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Express 15, 12900–12904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Salin, F.

Su, K. W.

Svelto, O.

O. Svelto, Principles of Lasers (Springer, 2010).

Sverchkov, S.

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronina, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tian, X.

J. Liu, X. Tian, K. Wu, Q. Dai, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Highly efficient Q-switched laser operation of Yb:Y3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Express 21, 2624–2631 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, Z. Zhou, X. Tian, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Comparative study on the laser performance of two Yb doped disordered garnet crystals: Yb:CNGG and Yb:CLNGG,” Appl. Phys. B 109, 183–188 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, K. Wu, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Efficient laser operation of Yb:Lu3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2388–2390 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Tian, Zh. Zhou, Q. Dai, W. Han, J. Liu, and H. Zhang, “Study of Yb:YVO4 lasers end-pumped by a 985 nm diode laser,” Laser Phys. 22, 688–692 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, W. Han, J. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Compact diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser generating 14.0 W of continuous-wave and 8.5 W of pulsed output powers,” Appl. Phys. B (2013) (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Tu, C.

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. You, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Dual-polarization and dual-wavelength diode-pumped laser operation from a birefringent Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 323–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vivien, D.

Voronina, I.

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronina, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wan, Y.

J. Liu, Y. Wan, Z. Zhou, X. Tian, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Comparative study on the laser performance of two Yb doped disordered garnet crystals: Yb:CNGG and Yb:CLNGG,” Appl. Phys. B 109, 183–188 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, W. Han, J. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Compact diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser generating 14.0 W of continuous-wave and 8.5 W of pulsed output powers,” Appl. Phys. B (2013) (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Liu, H. Yang, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Anisotropy in laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 47, 5436–5441 (2008).

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Power scaling of a continuous-wave and passively Q-switched Yb:KLu(WO4)2laser end-pumped by a high-power diode,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 527–530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Efficient passively Q-switched laser operation of Yb in the disordered NaGd(WO4)2 crystal host,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1728–1730(2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched laser operation of Yb:NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Express 15, 12900–12904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, W. Han, J. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Compact diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser generating 14.0 W of continuous-wave and 8.5 W of pulsed output powers,” Appl. Phys. B (2013) (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, Y.

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. You, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, K.

Yang, H.

You, Z.

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. You, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zavelani-Rossi, M.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, A. Brun, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Multiwatt, tunable, diode-pumped CW Yb:GdCOB laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 389–393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zayhowski, J. J.

J. J. Zayhowski and P. L. Kelley, “Optimization of Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2220–2225(1991).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

J. Liu, X. Tian, K. Wu, Q. Dai, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Highly efficient Q-switched laser operation of Yb:Y3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Express 21, 2624–2631 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, K. Wu, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Efficient laser operation of Yb:Lu3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2388–2390 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, Z. Zhou, X. Tian, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Comparative study on the laser performance of two Yb doped disordered garnet crystals: Yb:CNGG and Yb:CLNGG,” Appl. Phys. B 109, 183–188 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Tian, Zh. Zhou, Q. Dai, W. Han, J. Liu, and H. Zhang, “Study of Yb:YVO4 lasers end-pumped by a 985 nm diode laser,” Laser Phys. 22, 688–692 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Comparative study of high-power continuous-wave laser performance of Yb-doped vanadate crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 807–815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, H. Yang, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Anisotropy in laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 47, 5436–5441 (2008).

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Power scaling of a continuous-wave and passively Q-switched Yb:KLu(WO4)2laser end-pumped by a high-power diode,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 527–530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Efficient passively Q-switched laser operation of Yb in the disordered NaGd(WO4)2 crystal host,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1728–1730(2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched laser operation of Yb:NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Express 15, 12900–12904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, W. Han, J. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Compact diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser generating 14.0 W of continuous-wave and 8.5 W of pulsed output powers,” Appl. Phys. B (2013) (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. J.

Zhou, Z.

J. Liu, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, K. Wu, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Efficient laser operation of Yb:Lu3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2388–2390 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, Z. Zhou, X. Tian, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Comparative study on the laser performance of two Yb doped disordered garnet crystals: Yb:CNGG and Yb:CLNGG,” Appl. Phys. B 109, 183–188 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, W. Han, J. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Compact diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser generating 14.0 W of continuous-wave and 8.5 W of pulsed output powers,” Appl. Phys. B (2013) (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Zh.

X. Tian, Zh. Zhou, Q. Dai, W. Han, J. Liu, and H. Zhang, “Study of Yb:YVO4 lasers end-pumped by a 985 nm diode laser,” Laser Phys. 22, 688–692 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Z.

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. You, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Dual-polarization and dual-wavelength diode-pumped laser operation from a birefringent Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 323–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Dual-polarization and dual-wavelength diode-pumped laser operation from a birefringent Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 323–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Power scaling of a continuous-wave and passively Q-switched Yb:KLu(WO4)2laser end-pumped by a high-power diode,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 527–530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, A. Brun, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Multiwatt, tunable, diode-pumped CW Yb:GdCOB laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 389–393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, Z. Zhou, X. Tian, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Comparative study on the laser performance of two Yb doped disordered garnet crystals: Yb:CNGG and Yb:CLNGG,” Appl. Phys. B 109, 183–188 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J. J. Zayhowski and P. L. Kelley, “Optimization of Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2220–2225(1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Comparative study of high-power continuous-wave laser performance of Yb-doped vanadate crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 807–815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. You, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin.

A. Brenier, “A new evaluation of Yb3+-doped crystals for laser applications,” J. Lumin. 92, 199–204 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Laser Phys.

X. Tian, Zh. Zhou, Q. Dai, W. Han, J. Liu, and H. Zhang, “Study of Yb:YVO4 lasers end-pumped by a 985 nm diode laser,” Laser Phys. 22, 688–692 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, B. Galagan, L. Ivleva, S. Sverchkov, I. Voronina, and V. Horvath, “Laser performance of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 compared to Yb:KGd(WO4)2 under diode-bar pumping,” Laser Phys. 17, 1204–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

G. Boulon, “Yb3+-doped oxide crystals for diode-pumped solid state lasers: crystal growth, optical spectroscopy, new criteria of evaluation and combinatorial approach,” Opt. Mater. 22, 85–87 (2003).

Other

O. Svelto, Principles of Lasers (Springer, 2010).

J. Liu, Y. Wan, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, W. Han, J. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Compact diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser generating 14.0 W of continuous-wave and 8.5 W of pulsed output powers,” Appl. Phys. B (2013) (to be published).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

CW and Q-switched output power versus absorbed pump power produced with the Yb:GdCOB laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Emission spectra measured at Pabs=5.6W for cw and Q-switched laser operation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Variation of pulse energy with absorbed pump power for the two cases of T0=97.5% (bottom) and T0=94.4% (top).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Typical profiles of laser pulses generated under different passive Q-switching conditions.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Parameters Characterizing the Passive Q-switching Laser Performance of Different Yb Crystals

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