Abstract

Methods for measuring and compensating the nonlinear electro-optical effect of transmissive, parallel-aligned liquid crystal (LC)-based spatial light modulators (SLMs) are presented. Particularly, the analysis is focused on the spatial nonuniformity of the voltage versus phase modulation characteristics for an active-matrix-driven, electrically controlled birefringence type LC-SLM. A high-quality reconstruction from phase-only modulating SLMs requires a well-calibrated phase addressing across the entire SLM panel. I discuss how the commonly inherent phase-response inhomogeneity of LC-SLM is characterized by purposeful localized measurement techniques. This phase-response inhomogeneity is efficiently compensated by utilizing a Legendre polynomial representation in combination with a remapping of an 8 bit gray level addressing. The calibration procedure is corroborated by measurement data. The LC-SLM’s experimental demonstration finally verifies the resultant improvement in holographic imaging.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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