Abstract

We study the diffuse transport of light through polymer slabs containing TiO2 scattering particles. The slabs are diffuser plates typical of a commercial white light-emitting diode (LED) module (Fortimo). We have measured the diffuse transmission and reflection properties over a broad wavelength range (470–840 nm) from which we derive the transport mean free path using the theory of light diffusion. With increasing scatterer density, the mean free path becomes shorter. The mean free path increases with wavelength; hence, blue light is scattered more strongly than red light. To interpret the results, we propose an ab initio model without adjustable parameters for the mean free path by using Mie theory. We include inhomogeneous broadening as a result of the size distribution of the scattering particles as measured by dynamic light scattering. Surprisingly, the calculated mean free path decreases with wavelength, at variance with our experiments, which is caused by particles with radii R in excess of 0.25 μm. Close inspection of the scatterers by electron microscopy reveals that large particles (R>0.4μm) consist of clusters of small particles (R<0.13μm). Therefore, we have improved our model by only taking into account the individual scatterers within the clusters. This model predicts mean free paths in good agreement with our experimental results. We discuss consequences of our results to white LED lighting modules.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (7)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (10)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription