Abstract

In this paper we present a technique for estimating optical backscatter and extinction profiles using lidar, which exploits the difference between the observed linear volume depolarization ratio at 355 nm and the corresponding expected aerosol-only depolarization ratio. The technique is specific to situations where a single strongly depolarizing species is present and the associated linear particulate depolarization ratio may be presumed to be known to within a reasonable degree of accuracy (on the order of 10%). The basic principle of the technique is extended to deal with situations where a depolarizing fraction is mixed with nondepolarizing aerosol. In general, since the relative depolarization interchannel calibration is much more stable than the absolute system calibration, the depolarization-based technique is easier to implement than conventional techniques that require a profile-by-profile calibration or, equivalently, an identification of aerosol-free altitude intervals. This in particular allows for unattended data analysis and makes the technique well-suited to be part of a broader (volcanic ash) surveillance system. The technique is demonstrated by applying it to the analysis of aerosol layers resulting from the 2010 eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland. The measurements were made at the Cabauw remote-sensing site in the central Netherlands. By comparing the results of the depolarization-based inversion with a more conventional manual inversion procedure as well as Raman lidar results, it is demonstrated that the technique can be successfully applied to the particular case of 355 nm depolarization lidar volcanic ash soundings, including cases in which the ash is mixed with nondepolarizing aerosol.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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Corrections

D. P. Donovan and A. Apituley, "Practical depolarization-ratio-based inversion procedure: lidar measurements of the Eyjafjallajökull ash cloud over the Netherlands: erratum," Appl. Opt. 52, 4062-4062 (2013)
https://www.osapublishing.org/ao/abstract.cfm?uri=ao-52-17-4062

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2012 (10)

M. T. Gudmundsson, T. Thordarson, Á. Höskuldsson, G. Larsen, H. Björnsson, F. J. Prata, B. Oddsson, E. Magnússon, T. Högnadóttir, G. N. Petersen, C. L. Hayward, J. A. Stevenson, and I. Jónsdóttir, “Ash generation and distribution from the April-May 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland,” Sci. Rep. 2, 572 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, F. Schnell, V. Freudenthaler, and R. Forkel, “Characterization of the Eyjafjallajökull ash-plume: potential of lidar remote sensing,” J. Phys. Chem. Earth 45–46, 79–86 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Langmann, L. Alados Arboledas, A. Folch, and V. Matthias, eds., “Volcanic ash over Europe during the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull on Iceland, April-May 2010,” (Special issue), Atmos. Environ. 48, 1–240 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Chazette, A. Dabas, J. Sanak, M. Lardier, and P. Royer, “French airborne lidar measurements for Eyjafjallajökull ash plume survey,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 7059–7072 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Francis, M. C. Cooke, and R. W. Saunders, “Retrieval of physical properties of volcanic ash using Meteosat: a case study from the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption,” J. Geophys. Res. 117, D00U09 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Millington, R. W. Saunders, P. N. Francis, and H. N. Webster, “Simulated volcanic ash imagery: a method to compare NAME ash concentration forecasts with SEVIRI imagery for the Eyjafjallajkull eruption in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 117, D00U17 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Hervo, B. Quennehen, N. I. Kristiansen, J. Boulon, A. Stohl, P. Fréville, J.-M. Pichon, D. Picard, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, J.-C. Roger, A. Colomb, A. Schwarzenboeck, and K. Sellegri, “Physical and optical properties of 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption aerosol: ground-based, lidar and airborne measurements in France,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 1721–1736 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, M. Tesche, and U. Wandinger, “Profiling of fine and coarse particle mass: case studies of Saharan dust and Eyjafjallajökull/Grimsvötn volcanic plumes,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 9399–9415 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Chazette, M. Bocquet, P. Royer, V. Winiarek, J.-C. Raut, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, M. Lardier, and J.-P. Cariou, “Eyjafjallajökull ash concentrations derived from both lidar and modeling,” J. Geophys. Res. 117, D00U14 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (13)

M. Wiegner, S. Groß, S. V. Freudenthaler, F. Schnell, and J. Gasteiger, “The May/June 2008 Saharan dust event over Munich: Intensive aerosol parameters from lidar measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D23213 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Marenco, B. Johnson, K. Turnbull, S. Newman, J. Haywood, H. Webster, and H. Ricketts, “Airborne lidar observations of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash plume,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U05 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Groß, M. Tesche, V. Freudenthaler, C. Toledano, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, and M. Seefeldner, “Characterization of Saharan dust, marine aerosols and mixtures of biomass-burning aerosols and dust by means of multi-wavelength depolarization and Raman lidar measurements during SAMUM 2,” Tellus, Ser. B 63, 706–724 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, A. Geiß, and F. Schnell, “Dual-wavelength linear depolarization ratio of volcanic aerosols: lidar measurements of the Eyjafjallajökull plume over Maisach, Germany,” Atmos. Environ. 48, 85–96 (2011).

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, and M. Wiegner, “Volcanic ash from iceland over Munich: mass concentration retrieved from ground-based remote sensing measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2209–2223 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. W. Petty and W. Huang, “The modified gamma size distribution applied to inhomogeneous and nonspherical particles: Key relationships and conversions,” J. Atmos. Sci. 68, 1460–1473 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Tsaknakis, A. Papayannis, P. Kokkalis, V. Amiridis, H. D. Kambezidis, R. E. Mamouri, G. Georgoussis, and G. Avdikos, “Inter-comparison of lidar and ceilometer retrievals for aerosol and planetary boundary layer profiling over Athens, Greece,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4, 1261–1273 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, I. Serikov, H. Linné, B. Heinold, A. Hiebsch, F. Schnell, J. Schmidt, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, and M. Wiegner, “Ash and fine-mode particle mass profiles from EARLINET-AERONET observations over central Europe after the eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U02 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Marenco and R. J. Hogan, “Determining the contribution of volcanic ash and boundary layer aerosol in backscatter lidar returns: a three-component atmosphere approach,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U06 (2011).

A. Miffre, G. David, B. Thomas, and P. Rairoux, “Atmospheric non-spherical particles optical properties from UV-polarization lidar and scattering matrix,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L16804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Stohl, A. J. Prata, S. Eckhardt, L. Clarisse, A. Durant, S. Henne, N. I. Kristiansen, A. Minikin, U. Schumann, P. Seibert, K. Stebel, H. E. Thomas, T. Thorsteinsson, K. Tørseth, and B. Weinzierl, “Determination of time- and height-resolved volcanic ash emissions and their use for quantitative ash dispersion modeling: the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 4333–4351 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Marenco, B. Johnson, K. Turnbull, S. Newman, J. Haywood, H. Webster, and H. Ricketts, “Airborne lidar observations of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash plume,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U05 (2011).

2010 (3)

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Grofl, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37, L13810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Flentje, H. Claude, T. Elste, S. Gilge, U. Köhler, C. Plass-Dülmer, W. Steinbrecht, W. Thomas, A. Werner, and W. Fricke, “The Eyjafjallajökull eruption in April 2010—detection of volcanic plume using in-situ measurements, ozone sondes and lidar-ceilometer profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 10085–10092 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

V. Freudenthaler, M. Esselborn, M. Wiegner, B. Heese, M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, M. Wirth, A. Fix, G. Ehret, P. Knippertz, C. Toledano, J. Gasteiger, M. Garhammer, and M. Seefeldner, “Depolarization ratio profiling at several wavelengths in pure Saharan dust during SAMUM 2006,” Tellus, Ser. B 61, 165–179 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Althausen, R. Engelmann, H. Baars, B. Heese, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, and M. Komppula, “Portable raman lidar PollyXT for automated profiling of aerosol backscatter, extinction, and depolarization,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2366–2378 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, R. Engelmann, V. Freudenthaler, and S. Groß, “Vertically resolved separation of dust and smoke over Cape Verde using multiwavelength Raman and polarization lidars during Saharan Mineral Dust Experiment 2008,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D13202 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, “Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 42 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

K. Sassen and S. Benson, “A midlatitude cirrus cloud climatology from the Facility for Atmospheric Remote Sensing. Part II: microphysical properties derived from lidar depolarization,” J. Atmos. Sci. 58, 2103–2112 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1998 (2)

J. E. M. Goldsmith, S. E. Bisson, H. B. Blair, and D. D. Turner, “Turn-key Raman lidar for profiling atmospheric water vapor, clouds, and aerosols,” Appl. Opt. 37, 4979–4990 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko and L. D. Travis, “Capabilities and limitations of a current Fortran implementation of the T-Matrix method for randomly oriented, rotationally symmetric scatterers,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 309–324 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

1990 (1)

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

Accareta, J.

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Mayer, B. Weinzierl, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G. van Zadelhoff, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, J. Accareta, and D. Lajas, “Inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” Final report, ESA/ESTEC contract No. 22169/NL/CT, Tech. Rep. ESA-ESTEC (European Space Agency, 2011).

Adam, M.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Alados Arboledas, L.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Althausen, D.

S. Groß, M. Tesche, V. Freudenthaler, C. Toledano, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, and M. Seefeldner, “Characterization of Saharan dust, marine aerosols and mixtures of biomass-burning aerosols and dust by means of multi-wavelength depolarization and Raman lidar measurements during SAMUM 2,” Tellus, Ser. B 63, 706–724 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Freudenthaler, M. Esselborn, M. Wiegner, B. Heese, M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, M. Wirth, A. Fix, G. Ehret, P. Knippertz, C. Toledano, J. Gasteiger, M. Garhammer, and M. Seefeldner, “Depolarization ratio profiling at several wavelengths in pure Saharan dust during SAMUM 2006,” Tellus, Ser. B 61, 165–179 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Althausen, R. Engelmann, H. Baars, B. Heese, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, and M. Komppula, “Portable raman lidar PollyXT for automated profiling of aerosol backscatter, extinction, and depolarization,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2366–2378 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, R. Engelmann, V. Freudenthaler, and S. Groß, “Vertically resolved separation of dust and smoke over Cape Verde using multiwavelength Raman and polarization lidars during Saharan Mineral Dust Experiment 2008,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D13202 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Amiridis, V.

G. Tsaknakis, A. Papayannis, P. Kokkalis, V. Amiridis, H. D. Kambezidis, R. E. Mamouri, G. Georgoussis, and G. Avdikos, “Inter-comparison of lidar and ceilometer retrievals for aerosol and planetary boundary layer profiling over Athens, Greece,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4, 1261–1273 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Amodeo, A.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ansmann, A.

A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, M. Tesche, and U. Wandinger, “Profiling of fine and coarse particle mass: case studies of Saharan dust and Eyjafjallajökull/Grimsvötn volcanic plumes,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 9399–9415 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, I. Serikov, H. Linné, B. Heinold, A. Hiebsch, F. Schnell, J. Schmidt, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, and M. Wiegner, “Ash and fine-mode particle mass profiles from EARLINET-AERONET observations over central Europe after the eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U02 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Groß, M. Tesche, V. Freudenthaler, C. Toledano, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, and M. Seefeldner, “Characterization of Saharan dust, marine aerosols and mixtures of biomass-burning aerosols and dust by means of multi-wavelength depolarization and Raman lidar measurements during SAMUM 2,” Tellus, Ser. B 63, 706–724 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Grofl, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37, L13810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Freudenthaler, M. Esselborn, M. Wiegner, B. Heese, M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, M. Wirth, A. Fix, G. Ehret, P. Knippertz, C. Toledano, J. Gasteiger, M. Garhammer, and M. Seefeldner, “Depolarization ratio profiling at several wavelengths in pure Saharan dust during SAMUM 2006,” Tellus, Ser. B 61, 165–179 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Althausen, R. Engelmann, H. Baars, B. Heese, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, and M. Komppula, “Portable raman lidar PollyXT for automated profiling of aerosol backscatter, extinction, and depolarization,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2366–2378 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, R. Engelmann, V. Freudenthaler, and S. Groß, “Vertically resolved separation of dust and smoke over Cape Verde using multiwavelength Raman and polarization lidars during Saharan Mineral Dust Experiment 2008,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D13202 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, M. Riebesell, C. Weitkamp, and W. Michaelis, “Independent measurement of extinction and backscatter profiles in cirrus clouds by using a combined raman elastic-backscatter lidar,” Appl. Opt. 31, 7113 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, M. Riebesell, and C. Weitkamp, “Measurement of at- atmospheric aerosol extinction profiles with a Raman lidar,” Opt. Lett. 15, 746–748 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Mayer, B. Weinzierl, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G. van Zadelhoff, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, J. Accareta, and D. Lajas, “Inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” Final report, ESA/ESTEC contract No. 22169/NL/CT, Tech. Rep. ESA-ESTEC (European Space Agency, 2011).

Apituley, A.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, I. Serikov, H. Linné, B. Heinold, A. Hiebsch, F. Schnell, J. Schmidt, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, and M. Wiegner, “Ash and fine-mode particle mass profiles from EARLINET-AERONET observations over central Europe after the eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U02 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Apituley, K. Wilson, C. Potma, H. Volten, and M. de Graaf, “Performance assessment and application of CAELI—a high-performance Raman lidar for diurnal profiling of water vapour, aerosols and clouds,” in Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, A. Apituley, H. Russchenberg, and W. Monna, eds., (ISTP committee, 2009), S06-O10.

A. Apituley, H. Russchenberg, H. van der Marel, R. Boers, H. ten Brink, G. de Leeuw, R. Uijlenhoet, B. Arbresser-Rastburg, and T. Röckmann, “Overview of research and networking with ground based remote sensing for atmospheric profiling at the cabauw experimental site for atmospheric research (CESAR)—the Netherlands,” in Proceedings IGARSS 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 903–906.

Arbresser-Rastburg, B.

A. Apituley, H. Russchenberg, H. van der Marel, R. Boers, H. ten Brink, G. de Leeuw, R. Uijlenhoet, B. Arbresser-Rastburg, and T. Röckmann, “Overview of research and networking with ground based remote sensing for atmospheric profiling at the cabauw experimental site for atmospheric research (CESAR)—the Netherlands,” in Proceedings IGARSS 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 903–906.

Arshinov, Y.

T. Dinoevm, Y. Arshinov, S. Bobrovnikov, I. Serikov, B. Calpini, H. van den Bergh, M. B. Parlange, and V. Simeonov, “High resolution humidity, temperature and aerosol profiling with MeteoSwiss Raman lidar,” in EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, (European Geophysical Union, 2010), Vol. 12, p.13335.

Avdikos, G.

G. Tsaknakis, A. Papayannis, P. Kokkalis, V. Amiridis, H. D. Kambezidis, R. E. Mamouri, G. Georgoussis, and G. Avdikos, “Inter-comparison of lidar and ceilometer retrievals for aerosol and planetary boundary layer profiling over Athens, Greece,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4, 1261–1273 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Baars, H.

D. Althausen, R. Engelmann, H. Baars, B. Heese, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, and M. Komppula, “Portable raman lidar PollyXT for automated profiling of aerosol backscatter, extinction, and depolarization,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2366–2378 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Balis, D.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baumann, R.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
[CrossRef]

Baumgarten, G.

Benson, S.

K. Sassen and S. Benson, “A midlatitude cirrus cloud climatology from the Facility for Atmospheric Remote Sensing. Part II: microphysical properties derived from lidar depolarization,” J. Atmos. Sci. 58, 2103–2112 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Blair, H. B.

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T. Dinoevm, Y. Arshinov, S. Bobrovnikov, I. Serikov, B. Calpini, H. van den Bergh, M. B. Parlange, and V. Simeonov, “High resolution humidity, temperature and aerosol profiling with MeteoSwiss Raman lidar,” in EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, (European Geophysical Union, 2010), Vol. 12, p.13335.

Bocquet, M.

P. Chazette, M. Bocquet, P. Royer, V. Winiarek, J.-C. Raut, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, M. Lardier, and J.-P. Cariou, “Eyjafjallajökull ash concentrations derived from both lidar and modeling,” J. Geophys. Res. 117, D00U14 (2012).
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Boers, R.

A. Apituley, H. Russchenberg, H. van der Marel, R. Boers, H. ten Brink, G. de Leeuw, R. Uijlenhoet, B. Arbresser-Rastburg, and T. Röckmann, “Overview of research and networking with ground based remote sensing for atmospheric profiling at the cabauw experimental site for atmospheric research (CESAR)—the Netherlands,” in Proceedings IGARSS 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 903–906.

Boselli, A.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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Boulon, J.

M. Hervo, B. Quennehen, N. I. Kristiansen, J. Boulon, A. Stohl, P. Fréville, J.-M. Pichon, D. Picard, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, J.-C. Roger, A. Colomb, A. Schwarzenboeck, and K. Sellegri, “Physical and optical properties of 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption aerosol: ground-based, lidar and airborne measurements in France,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 1721–1736 (2012).
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Bravo-Aranda, J. A.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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Calpini, B.

T. Dinoevm, Y. Arshinov, S. Bobrovnikov, I. Serikov, B. Calpini, H. van den Bergh, M. B. Parlange, and V. Simeonov, “High resolution humidity, temperature and aerosol profiling with MeteoSwiss Raman lidar,” in EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, (European Geophysical Union, 2010), Vol. 12, p.13335.

Cariou, J.-P.

P. Chazette, M. Bocquet, P. Royer, V. Winiarek, J.-C. Raut, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, M. Lardier, and J.-P. Cariou, “Eyjafjallajökull ash concentrations derived from both lidar and modeling,” J. Geophys. Res. 117, D00U14 (2012).
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Chaikovsky, A.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
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Chazette, P.

P. Chazette, M. Bocquet, P. Royer, V. Winiarek, J.-C. Raut, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, M. Lardier, and J.-P. Cariou, “Eyjafjallajökull ash concentrations derived from both lidar and modeling,” J. Geophys. Res. 117, D00U14 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Chazette, A. Dabas, J. Sanak, M. Lardier, and P. Royer, “French airborne lidar measurements for Eyjafjallajökull ash plume survey,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 7059–7072 (2012).
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Chen, Y.

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, “Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 42 (2003).
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Clarisse, L.

A. Stohl, A. J. Prata, S. Eckhardt, L. Clarisse, A. Durant, S. Henne, N. I. Kristiansen, A. Minikin, U. Schumann, P. Seibert, K. Stebel, H. E. Thomas, T. Thorsteinsson, K. Tørseth, and B. Weinzierl, “Determination of time- and height-resolved volcanic ash emissions and their use for quantitative ash dispersion modeling: the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 4333–4351 (2011).
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Claude, H.

H. Flentje, H. Claude, T. Elste, S. Gilge, U. Köhler, C. Plass-Dülmer, W. Steinbrecht, W. Thomas, A. Werner, and W. Fricke, “The Eyjafjallajökull eruption in April 2010—detection of volcanic plume using in-situ measurements, ozone sondes and lidar-ceilometer profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 10085–10092 (2010).
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Colomb, A.

M. Hervo, B. Quennehen, N. I. Kristiansen, J. Boulon, A. Stohl, P. Fréville, J.-M. Pichon, D. Picard, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, J.-C. Roger, A. Colomb, A. Schwarzenboeck, and K. Sellegri, “Physical and optical properties of 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption aerosol: ground-based, lidar and airborne measurements in France,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 1721–1736 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Comeron, A.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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Cooke, M. C.

P. N. Francis, M. C. Cooke, and R. W. Saunders, “Retrieval of physical properties of volcanic ash using Meteosat: a case study from the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption,” J. Geophys. Res. 117, D00U09 (2012).
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Cuesta, J.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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D’Amico, G.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dabas, A.

P. Chazette, A. Dabas, J. Sanak, M. Lardier, and P. Royer, “French airborne lidar measurements for Eyjafjallajökull ash plume survey,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 7059–7072 (2012).
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A. Miffre, G. David, B. Thomas, and P. Rairoux, “Atmospheric non-spherical particles optical properties from UV-polarization lidar and scattering matrix,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L16804 (2011).
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A. Apituley, K. Wilson, C. Potma, H. Volten, and M. de Graaf, “Performance assessment and application of CAELI—a high-performance Raman lidar for diurnal profiling of water vapour, aerosols and clouds,” in Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, A. Apituley, H. Russchenberg, and W. Monna, eds., (ISTP committee, 2009), S06-O10.

de Leeuw, G.

A. Apituley, H. Russchenberg, H. van der Marel, R. Boers, H. ten Brink, G. de Leeuw, R. Uijlenhoet, B. Arbresser-Rastburg, and T. Röckmann, “Overview of research and networking with ground based remote sensing for atmospheric profiling at the cabauw experimental site for atmospheric research (CESAR)—the Netherlands,” in Proceedings IGARSS 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 903–906.

De Tomasi, F.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dinoevm, T.

T. Dinoevm, Y. Arshinov, S. Bobrovnikov, I. Serikov, B. Calpini, H. van den Bergh, M. B. Parlange, and V. Simeonov, “High resolution humidity, temperature and aerosol profiling with MeteoSwiss Raman lidar,” in EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, (European Geophysical Union, 2010), Vol. 12, p.13335.

Dong, X.

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, “Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 42 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Donovan, D.

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Mayer, B. Weinzierl, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G. van Zadelhoff, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, J. Accareta, and D. Lajas, “Inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” Final report, ESA/ESTEC contract No. 22169/NL/CT, Tech. Rep. ESA-ESTEC (European Space Agency, 2011).

Durant, A.

A. Stohl, A. J. Prata, S. Eckhardt, L. Clarisse, A. Durant, S. Henne, N. I. Kristiansen, A. Minikin, U. Schumann, P. Seibert, K. Stebel, H. E. Thomas, T. Thorsteinsson, K. Tørseth, and B. Weinzierl, “Determination of time- and height-resolved volcanic ash emissions and their use for quantitative ash dispersion modeling: the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 4333–4351 (2011).
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Ebert, M.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
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Eckhardt, S.

A. Stohl, A. J. Prata, S. Eckhardt, L. Clarisse, A. Durant, S. Henne, N. I. Kristiansen, A. Minikin, U. Schumann, P. Seibert, K. Stebel, H. E. Thomas, T. Thorsteinsson, K. Tørseth, and B. Weinzierl, “Determination of time- and height-resolved volcanic ash emissions and their use for quantitative ash dispersion modeling: the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 4333–4351 (2011).
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Ehret, G.

V. Freudenthaler, M. Esselborn, M. Wiegner, B. Heese, M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, M. Wirth, A. Fix, G. Ehret, P. Knippertz, C. Toledano, J. Gasteiger, M. Garhammer, and M. Seefeldner, “Depolarization ratio profiling at several wavelengths in pure Saharan dust during SAMUM 2006,” Tellus, Ser. B 61, 165–179 (2009).
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Eloranta, E. W.

Elste, T.

H. Flentje, H. Claude, T. Elste, S. Gilge, U. Köhler, C. Plass-Dülmer, W. Steinbrecht, W. Thomas, A. Werner, and W. Fricke, “The Eyjafjallajökull eruption in April 2010—detection of volcanic plume using in-situ measurements, ozone sondes and lidar-ceilometer profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 10085–10092 (2010).
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Engelmann, R.

M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, R. Engelmann, V. Freudenthaler, and S. Groß, “Vertically resolved separation of dust and smoke over Cape Verde using multiwavelength Raman and polarization lidars during Saharan Mineral Dust Experiment 2008,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D13202 (2009).
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D. Althausen, R. Engelmann, H. Baars, B. Heese, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, and M. Komppula, “Portable raman lidar PollyXT for automated profiling of aerosol backscatter, extinction, and depolarization,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2366–2378 (2009).
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Esselborn, M.

V. Freudenthaler, M. Esselborn, M. Wiegner, B. Heese, M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, M. Wirth, A. Fix, G. Ehret, P. Knippertz, C. Toledano, J. Gasteiger, M. Garhammer, and M. Seefeldner, “Depolarization ratio profiling at several wavelengths in pure Saharan dust during SAMUM 2006,” Tellus, Ser. B 61, 165–179 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Mayer, B. Weinzierl, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G. van Zadelhoff, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, J. Accareta, and D. Lajas, “Inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” Final report, ESA/ESTEC contract No. 22169/NL/CT, Tech. Rep. ESA-ESTEC (European Space Agency, 2011).

Fernald, F. G.

Fix, A.

V. Freudenthaler, M. Esselborn, M. Wiegner, B. Heese, M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, M. Wirth, A. Fix, G. Ehret, P. Knippertz, C. Toledano, J. Gasteiger, M. Garhammer, and M. Seefeldner, “Depolarization ratio profiling at several wavelengths in pure Saharan dust during SAMUM 2006,” Tellus, Ser. B 61, 165–179 (2009).
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Flannery, B. P.

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Flentje, H.

H. Flentje, H. Claude, T. Elste, S. Gilge, U. Köhler, C. Plass-Dülmer, W. Steinbrecht, W. Thomas, A. Werner, and W. Fricke, “The Eyjafjallajökull eruption in April 2010—detection of volcanic plume using in-situ measurements, ozone sondes and lidar-ceilometer profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 10085–10092 (2010).
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Forkel, R.

M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, F. Schnell, V. Freudenthaler, and R. Forkel, “Characterization of the Eyjafjallajökull ash-plume: potential of lidar remote sensing,” J. Phys. Chem. Earth 45–46, 79–86 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Forster, C.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
[CrossRef]

Francis, P. N.

P. N. Francis, M. C. Cooke, and R. W. Saunders, “Retrieval of physical properties of volcanic ash using Meteosat: a case study from the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption,” J. Geophys. Res. 117, D00U09 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Millington, R. W. Saunders, P. N. Francis, and H. N. Webster, “Simulated volcanic ash imagery: a method to compare NAME ash concentration forecasts with SEVIRI imagery for the Eyjafjallajkull eruption in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 117, D00U17 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Freudenthaler, S. V.

M. Wiegner, S. Groß, S. V. Freudenthaler, F. Schnell, and J. Gasteiger, “The May/June 2008 Saharan dust event over Munich: Intensive aerosol parameters from lidar measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D23213 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Freudenthaler, V.

M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, F. Schnell, V. Freudenthaler, and R. Forkel, “Characterization of the Eyjafjallajökull ash-plume: potential of lidar remote sensing,” J. Phys. Chem. Earth 45–46, 79–86 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, and M. Wiegner, “Volcanic ash from iceland over Munich: mass concentration retrieved from ground-based remote sensing measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2209–2223 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, I. Serikov, H. Linné, B. Heinold, A. Hiebsch, F. Schnell, J. Schmidt, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, and M. Wiegner, “Ash and fine-mode particle mass profiles from EARLINET-AERONET observations over central Europe after the eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U02 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, A. Geiß, and F. Schnell, “Dual-wavelength linear depolarization ratio of volcanic aerosols: lidar measurements of the Eyjafjallajökull plume over Maisach, Germany,” Atmos. Environ. 48, 85–96 (2011).

S. Groß, M. Tesche, V. Freudenthaler, C. Toledano, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, and M. Seefeldner, “Characterization of Saharan dust, marine aerosols and mixtures of biomass-burning aerosols and dust by means of multi-wavelength depolarization and Raman lidar measurements during SAMUM 2,” Tellus, Ser. B 63, 706–724 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Grofl, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37, L13810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Freudenthaler, M. Esselborn, M. Wiegner, B. Heese, M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, M. Wirth, A. Fix, G. Ehret, P. Knippertz, C. Toledano, J. Gasteiger, M. Garhammer, and M. Seefeldner, “Depolarization ratio profiling at several wavelengths in pure Saharan dust during SAMUM 2006,” Tellus, Ser. B 61, 165–179 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, R. Engelmann, V. Freudenthaler, and S. Groß, “Vertically resolved separation of dust and smoke over Cape Verde using multiwavelength Raman and polarization lidars during Saharan Mineral Dust Experiment 2008,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D13202 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fréville, P.

M. Hervo, B. Quennehen, N. I. Kristiansen, J. Boulon, A. Stohl, P. Fréville, J.-M. Pichon, D. Picard, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, J.-C. Roger, A. Colomb, A. Schwarzenboeck, and K. Sellegri, “Physical and optical properties of 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption aerosol: ground-based, lidar and airborne measurements in France,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 1721–1736 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fricke, W.

H. Flentje, H. Claude, T. Elste, S. Gilge, U. Köhler, C. Plass-Dülmer, W. Steinbrecht, W. Thomas, A. Werner, and W. Fricke, “The Eyjafjallajökull eruption in April 2010—detection of volcanic plume using in-situ measurements, ozone sondes and lidar-ceilometer profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 10085–10092 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Garhammer, M.

V. Freudenthaler, M. Esselborn, M. Wiegner, B. Heese, M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, M. Wirth, A. Fix, G. Ehret, P. Knippertz, C. Toledano, J. Gasteiger, M. Garhammer, and M. Seefeldner, “Depolarization ratio profiling at several wavelengths in pure Saharan dust during SAMUM 2006,” Tellus, Ser. B 61, 165–179 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gasteiger, J.

M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, F. Schnell, V. Freudenthaler, and R. Forkel, “Characterization of the Eyjafjallajökull ash-plume: potential of lidar remote sensing,” J. Phys. Chem. Earth 45–46, 79–86 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, and M. Wiegner, “Volcanic ash from iceland over Munich: mass concentration retrieved from ground-based remote sensing measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2209–2223 (2011).
[CrossRef]

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Wiegner, S. Groß, S. V. Freudenthaler, F. Schnell, and J. Gasteiger, “The May/June 2008 Saharan dust event over Munich: Intensive aerosol parameters from lidar measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D23213 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, A. Geiß, and F. Schnell, “Dual-wavelength linear depolarization ratio of volcanic aerosols: lidar measurements of the Eyjafjallajökull plume over Maisach, Germany,” Atmos. Environ. 48, 85–96 (2011).

V. Freudenthaler, M. Esselborn, M. Wiegner, B. Heese, M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, M. Wirth, A. Fix, G. Ehret, P. Knippertz, C. Toledano, J. Gasteiger, M. Garhammer, and M. Seefeldner, “Depolarization ratio profiling at several wavelengths in pure Saharan dust during SAMUM 2006,” Tellus, Ser. B 61, 165–179 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Mayer, B. Weinzierl, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G. van Zadelhoff, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, J. Accareta, and D. Lajas, “Inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” Final report, ESA/ESTEC contract No. 22169/NL/CT, Tech. Rep. ESA-ESTEC (European Space Agency, 2011).

Gausa, M.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gayet, J.-F.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
[CrossRef]

Geiß, A.

S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, A. Geiß, and F. Schnell, “Dual-wavelength linear depolarization ratio of volcanic aerosols: lidar measurements of the Eyjafjallajökull plume over Maisach, Germany,” Atmos. Environ. 48, 85–96 (2011).

Georgoussis, G.

G. Tsaknakis, A. Papayannis, P. Kokkalis, V. Amiridis, H. D. Kambezidis, R. E. Mamouri, G. Georgoussis, and G. Avdikos, “Inter-comparison of lidar and ceilometer retrievals for aerosol and planetary boundary layer profiling over Athens, Greece,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4, 1261–1273 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gerz, T.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
[CrossRef]

Giannakaki, E.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Giehl, H.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gilge, S.

H. Flentje, H. Claude, T. Elste, S. Gilge, U. Köhler, C. Plass-Dülmer, W. Steinbrecht, W. Thomas, A. Werner, and W. Fricke, “The Eyjafjallajökull eruption in April 2010—detection of volcanic plume using in-situ measurements, ozone sondes and lidar-ceilometer profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 10085–10092 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Giunta, A.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Goldsmith, J. E. M.

Gouhier, M.

M. Hervo, B. Quennehen, N. I. Kristiansen, J. Boulon, A. Stohl, P. Fréville, J.-M. Pichon, D. Picard, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, J.-C. Roger, A. Colomb, A. Schwarzenboeck, and K. Sellegri, “Physical and optical properties of 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption aerosol: ground-based, lidar and airborne measurements in France,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 1721–1736 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Chazette, M. Bocquet, P. Royer, V. Winiarek, J.-C. Raut, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, M. Lardier, and J.-P. Cariou, “Eyjafjallajökull ash concentrations derived from both lidar and modeling,” J. Geophys. Res. 117, D00U14 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Graf, K.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
[CrossRef]

Grigorov, I.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grofl, S.

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Grofl, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37, L13810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Groß, S.

M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, F. Schnell, V. Freudenthaler, and R. Forkel, “Characterization of the Eyjafjallajökull ash-plume: potential of lidar remote sensing,” J. Phys. Chem. Earth 45–46, 79–86 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, and M. Wiegner, “Volcanic ash from iceland over Munich: mass concentration retrieved from ground-based remote sensing measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2209–2223 (2011).
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S. Groß, M. Tesche, V. Freudenthaler, C. Toledano, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, and M. Seefeldner, “Characterization of Saharan dust, marine aerosols and mixtures of biomass-burning aerosols and dust by means of multi-wavelength depolarization and Raman lidar measurements during SAMUM 2,” Tellus, Ser. B 63, 706–724 (2011).
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S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, A. Geiß, and F. Schnell, “Dual-wavelength linear depolarization ratio of volcanic aerosols: lidar measurements of the Eyjafjallajökull plume over Maisach, Germany,” Atmos. Environ. 48, 85–96 (2011).

M. Wiegner, S. Groß, S. V. Freudenthaler, F. Schnell, and J. Gasteiger, “The May/June 2008 Saharan dust event over Munich: Intensive aerosol parameters from lidar measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D23213 (2011).
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A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, I. Serikov, H. Linné, B. Heinold, A. Hiebsch, F. Schnell, J. Schmidt, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, and M. Wiegner, “Ash and fine-mode particle mass profiles from EARLINET-AERONET observations over central Europe after the eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U02 (2011).
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M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, R. Engelmann, V. Freudenthaler, and S. Groß, “Vertically resolved separation of dust and smoke over Cape Verde using multiwavelength Raman and polarization lidars during Saharan Mineral Dust Experiment 2008,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D13202 (2009).
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M. T. Gudmundsson, T. Thordarson, Á. Höskuldsson, G. Larsen, H. Björnsson, F. J. Prata, B. Oddsson, E. Magnússon, T. Högnadóttir, G. N. Petersen, C. L. Hayward, J. A. Stevenson, and I. Jónsdóttir, “Ash generation and distribution from the April-May 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland,” Sci. Rep. 2, 572 (2012).
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G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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M. T. Gudmundsson, T. Thordarson, Á. Höskuldsson, G. Larsen, H. Björnsson, F. J. Prata, B. Oddsson, E. Magnússon, T. Högnadóttir, G. N. Petersen, C. L. Hayward, J. A. Stevenson, and I. Jónsdóttir, “Ash generation and distribution from the April-May 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland,” Sci. Rep. 2, 572 (2012).
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F. Marenco, B. Johnson, K. Turnbull, S. Newman, J. Haywood, H. Webster, and H. Ricketts, “Airborne lidar observations of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash plume,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U05 (2011).
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F. Marenco, B. Johnson, K. Turnbull, S. Newman, J. Haywood, H. Webster, and H. Ricketts, “Airborne lidar observations of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash plume,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U05 (2011).

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V. Freudenthaler, M. Esselborn, M. Wiegner, B. Heese, M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, M. Wirth, A. Fix, G. Ehret, P. Knippertz, C. Toledano, J. Gasteiger, M. Garhammer, and M. Seefeldner, “Depolarization ratio profiling at several wavelengths in pure Saharan dust during SAMUM 2006,” Tellus, Ser. B 61, 165–179 (2009).
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D. Althausen, R. Engelmann, H. Baars, B. Heese, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, and M. Komppula, “Portable raman lidar PollyXT for automated profiling of aerosol backscatter, extinction, and depolarization,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2366–2378 (2009).
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A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, I. Serikov, H. Linné, B. Heinold, A. Hiebsch, F. Schnell, J. Schmidt, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, and M. Wiegner, “Ash and fine-mode particle mass profiles from EARLINET-AERONET observations over central Europe after the eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U02 (2011).
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A. Stohl, A. J. Prata, S. Eckhardt, L. Clarisse, A. Durant, S. Henne, N. I. Kristiansen, A. Minikin, U. Schumann, P. Seibert, K. Stebel, H. E. Thomas, T. Thorsteinsson, K. Tørseth, and B. Weinzierl, “Determination of time- and height-resolved volcanic ash emissions and their use for quantitative ash dispersion modeling: the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 4333–4351 (2011).
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M. Hervo, B. Quennehen, N. I. Kristiansen, J. Boulon, A. Stohl, P. Fréville, J.-M. Pichon, D. Picard, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, J.-C. Roger, A. Colomb, A. Schwarzenboeck, and K. Sellegri, “Physical and optical properties of 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption aerosol: ground-based, lidar and airborne measurements in France,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 1721–1736 (2012).
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G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, I. Serikov, H. Linné, B. Heinold, A. Hiebsch, F. Schnell, J. Schmidt, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, and M. Wiegner, “Ash and fine-mode particle mass profiles from EARLINET-AERONET observations over central Europe after the eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U02 (2011).
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A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Grofl, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37, L13810 (2010).
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G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
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M. T. Gudmundsson, T. Thordarson, Á. Höskuldsson, G. Larsen, H. Björnsson, F. J. Prata, B. Oddsson, E. Magnússon, T. Högnadóttir, G. N. Petersen, C. L. Hayward, J. A. Stevenson, and I. Jónsdóttir, “Ash generation and distribution from the April-May 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland,” Sci. Rep. 2, 572 (2012).
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M. T. Gudmundsson, T. Thordarson, Á. Höskuldsson, G. Larsen, H. Björnsson, F. J. Prata, B. Oddsson, E. Magnússon, T. Högnadóttir, G. N. Petersen, C. L. Hayward, J. A. Stevenson, and I. Jónsdóttir, “Ash generation and distribution from the April-May 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland,” Sci. Rep. 2, 572 (2012).
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G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
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F. Marenco, B. Johnson, K. Turnbull, S. Newman, J. Haywood, H. Webster, and H. Ricketts, “Airborne lidar observations of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash plume,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U05 (2011).

F. Marenco, B. Johnson, K. Turnbull, S. Newman, J. Haywood, H. Webster, and H. Ricketts, “Airborne lidar observations of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash plume,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U05 (2011).
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M. T. Gudmundsson, T. Thordarson, Á. Höskuldsson, G. Larsen, H. Björnsson, F. J. Prata, B. Oddsson, E. Magnússon, T. Högnadóttir, G. N. Petersen, C. L. Hayward, J. A. Stevenson, and I. Jónsdóttir, “Ash generation and distribution from the April-May 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland,” Sci. Rep. 2, 572 (2012).
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G. Tsaknakis, A. Papayannis, P. Kokkalis, V. Amiridis, H. D. Kambezidis, R. E. Mamouri, G. Georgoussis, and G. Avdikos, “Inter-comparison of lidar and ceilometer retrievals for aerosol and planetary boundary layer profiling over Athens, Greece,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4, 1261–1273 (2011).
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U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
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Knippertz, P.

V. Freudenthaler, M. Esselborn, M. Wiegner, B. Heese, M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, M. Wirth, A. Fix, G. Ehret, P. Knippertz, C. Toledano, J. Gasteiger, M. Garhammer, and M. Seefeldner, “Depolarization ratio profiling at several wavelengths in pure Saharan dust during SAMUM 2006,” Tellus, Ser. B 61, 165–179 (2009).
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H. Flentje, H. Claude, T. Elste, S. Gilge, U. Köhler, C. Plass-Dülmer, W. Steinbrecht, W. Thomas, A. Werner, and W. Fricke, “The Eyjafjallajökull eruption in April 2010—detection of volcanic plume using in-situ measurements, ozone sondes and lidar-ceilometer profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 10085–10092 (2010).
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G. Tsaknakis, A. Papayannis, P. Kokkalis, V. Amiridis, H. D. Kambezidis, R. E. Mamouri, G. Georgoussis, and G. Avdikos, “Inter-comparison of lidar and ceilometer retrievals for aerosol and planetary boundary layer profiling over Athens, Greece,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4, 1261–1273 (2011).
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Komppula, M.

D. Althausen, R. Engelmann, H. Baars, B. Heese, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, and M. Komppula, “Portable raman lidar PollyXT for automated profiling of aerosol backscatter, extinction, and depolarization,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2366–2378 (2009).
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U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
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M. Hervo, B. Quennehen, N. I. Kristiansen, J. Boulon, A. Stohl, P. Fréville, J.-M. Pichon, D. Picard, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, J.-C. Roger, A. Colomb, A. Schwarzenboeck, and K. Sellegri, “Physical and optical properties of 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption aerosol: ground-based, lidar and airborne measurements in France,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 1721–1736 (2012).
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M. Hervo, B. Quennehen, N. I. Kristiansen, J. Boulon, A. Stohl, P. Fréville, J.-M. Pichon, D. Picard, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, J.-C. Roger, A. Colomb, A. Schwarzenboeck, and K. Sellegri, “Physical and optical properties of 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption aerosol: ground-based, lidar and airborne measurements in France,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 1721–1736 (2012).
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A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Mayer, B. Weinzierl, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G. van Zadelhoff, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, J. Accareta, and D. Lajas, “Inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” Final report, ESA/ESTEC contract No. 22169/NL/CT, Tech. Rep. ESA-ESTEC (European Space Agency, 2011).

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G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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M. T. Gudmundsson, T. Thordarson, Á. Höskuldsson, G. Larsen, H. Björnsson, F. J. Prata, B. Oddsson, E. Magnússon, T. Högnadóttir, G. N. Petersen, C. L. Hayward, J. A. Stevenson, and I. Jónsdóttir, “Ash generation and distribution from the April-May 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland,” Sci. Rep. 2, 572 (2012).
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U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
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Lieke, K.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
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Linné, H.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, I. Serikov, H. Linné, B. Heinold, A. Hiebsch, F. Schnell, J. Schmidt, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, and M. Wiegner, “Ash and fine-mode particle mass profiles from EARLINET-AERONET observations over central Europe after the eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U02 (2011).
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G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
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Madonna, F.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
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U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
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Mamouri, R. E.

G. Tsaknakis, A. Papayannis, P. Kokkalis, V. Amiridis, H. D. Kambezidis, R. E. Mamouri, G. Georgoussis, and G. Avdikos, “Inter-comparison of lidar and ceilometer retrievals for aerosol and planetary boundary layer profiling over Athens, Greece,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4, 1261–1273 (2011).
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G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
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Mannstein, H.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
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F. Marenco, B. Johnson, K. Turnbull, S. Newman, J. Haywood, H. Webster, and H. Ricketts, “Airborne lidar observations of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash plume,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U05 (2011).
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F. Marenco and R. J. Hogan, “Determining the contribution of volcanic ash and boundary layer aerosol in backscatter lidar returns: a three-component atmosphere approach,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U06 (2011).

F. Marenco, B. Johnson, K. Turnbull, S. Newman, J. Haywood, H. Webster, and H. Ricketts, “Airborne lidar observations of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash plume,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U05 (2011).

Matsui, I.

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, “Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 42 (2003).
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Mattis, I.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, I. Serikov, H. Linné, B. Heinold, A. Hiebsch, F. Schnell, J. Schmidt, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, and M. Wiegner, “Ash and fine-mode particle mass profiles from EARLINET-AERONET observations over central Europe after the eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U02 (2011).
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A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Grofl, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37, L13810 (2010).
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G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mayer, B.

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Mayer, B. Weinzierl, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G. van Zadelhoff, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, J. Accareta, and D. Lajas, “Inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” Final report, ESA/ESTEC contract No. 22169/NL/CT, Tech. Rep. ESA-ESTEC (European Space Agency, 2011).

McAuliffe, M. A. P.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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S. C. Millington, R. W. Saunders, P. N. Francis, and H. N. Webster, “Simulated volcanic ash imagery: a method to compare NAME ash concentration forecasts with SEVIRI imagery for the Eyjafjallajkull eruption in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 117, D00U17 (2012).
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U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
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Mishchenko, M. I.

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Mitev, V.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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Molero, F.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mona, L.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
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Müller, D.

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Grofl, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37, L13810 (2010).
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V. Freudenthaler, M. Esselborn, M. Wiegner, B. Heese, M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, M. Wirth, A. Fix, G. Ehret, P. Knippertz, C. Toledano, J. Gasteiger, M. Garhammer, and M. Seefeldner, “Depolarization ratio profiling at several wavelengths in pure Saharan dust during SAMUM 2006,” Tellus, Ser. B 61, 165–179 (2009).
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M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, R. Engelmann, V. Freudenthaler, and S. Groß, “Vertically resolved separation of dust and smoke over Cape Verde using multiwavelength Raman and polarization lidars during Saharan Mineral Dust Experiment 2008,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D13202 (2009).
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D. Althausen, R. Engelmann, H. Baars, B. Heese, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, and M. Komppula, “Portable raman lidar PollyXT for automated profiling of aerosol backscatter, extinction, and depolarization,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2366–2378 (2009).
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A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Mayer, B. Weinzierl, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G. van Zadelhoff, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, J. Accareta, and D. Lajas, “Inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” Final report, ESA/ESTEC contract No. 22169/NL/CT, Tech. Rep. ESA-ESTEC (European Space Agency, 2011).

Nasti, L.

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
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Navas-Guzman, F.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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F. Marenco, B. Johnson, K. Turnbull, S. Newman, J. Haywood, H. Webster, and H. Ricketts, “Airborne lidar observations of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash plume,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U05 (2011).
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F. Marenco, B. Johnson, K. Turnbull, S. Newman, J. Haywood, H. Webster, and H. Ricketts, “Airborne lidar observations of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash plume,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U05 (2011).

Nicolae, D.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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Nishikawa, M.

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, “Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 42 (2003).
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Oddsson, B.

M. T. Gudmundsson, T. Thordarson, Á. Höskuldsson, G. Larsen, H. Björnsson, F. J. Prata, B. Oddsson, E. Magnússon, T. Högnadóttir, G. N. Petersen, C. L. Hayward, J. A. Stevenson, and I. Jónsdóttir, “Ash generation and distribution from the April-May 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland,” Sci. Rep. 2, 572 (2012).
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G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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G. Tsaknakis, A. Papayannis, P. Kokkalis, V. Amiridis, H. D. Kambezidis, R. E. Mamouri, G. Georgoussis, and G. Avdikos, “Inter-comparison of lidar and ceilometer retrievals for aerosol and planetary boundary layer profiling over Athens, Greece,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4, 1261–1273 (2011).
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Parlange, M. B.

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Perrone, M. R.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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Petersen, G. N.

M. T. Gudmundsson, T. Thordarson, Á. Höskuldsson, G. Larsen, H. Björnsson, F. J. Prata, B. Oddsson, E. Magnússon, T. Högnadóttir, G. N. Petersen, C. L. Hayward, J. A. Stevenson, and I. Jónsdóttir, “Ash generation and distribution from the April-May 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland,” Sci. Rep. 2, 572 (2012).
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G. W. Petty and W. Huang, “The modified gamma size distribution applied to inhomogeneous and nonspherical particles: Key relationships and conversions,” J. Atmos. Sci. 68, 1460–1473 (2011).
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Petzold, A.

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Mayer, B. Weinzierl, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G. van Zadelhoff, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, J. Accareta, and D. Lajas, “Inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” Final report, ESA/ESTEC contract No. 22169/NL/CT, Tech. Rep. ESA-ESTEC (European Space Agency, 2011).

Picard, D.

M. Hervo, B. Quennehen, N. I. Kristiansen, J. Boulon, A. Stohl, P. Fréville, J.-M. Pichon, D. Picard, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, J.-C. Roger, A. Colomb, A. Schwarzenboeck, and K. Sellegri, “Physical and optical properties of 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption aerosol: ground-based, lidar and airborne measurements in France,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 1721–1736 (2012).
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Pichon, J.-M.

M. Hervo, B. Quennehen, N. I. Kristiansen, J. Boulon, A. Stohl, P. Fréville, J.-M. Pichon, D. Picard, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, J.-C. Roger, A. Colomb, A. Schwarzenboeck, and K. Sellegri, “Physical and optical properties of 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption aerosol: ground-based, lidar and airborne measurements in France,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 1721–1736 (2012).
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Pietras, C.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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Pietruczuk, A.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
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Pisani, G.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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Prata, A. J.

A. Stohl, A. J. Prata, S. Eckhardt, L. Clarisse, A. Durant, S. Henne, N. I. Kristiansen, A. Minikin, U. Schumann, P. Seibert, K. Stebel, H. E. Thomas, T. Thorsteinsson, K. Tørseth, and B. Weinzierl, “Determination of time- and height-resolved volcanic ash emissions and their use for quantitative ash dispersion modeling: the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 4333–4351 (2011).
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Prata, F. J.

M. T. Gudmundsson, T. Thordarson, Á. Höskuldsson, G. Larsen, H. Björnsson, F. J. Prata, B. Oddsson, E. Magnússon, T. Högnadóttir, G. N. Petersen, C. L. Hayward, J. A. Stevenson, and I. Jónsdóttir, “Ash generation and distribution from the April-May 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland,” Sci. Rep. 2, 572 (2012).
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Preißler, J.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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Pujadas, M.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
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Quan, H.

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, “Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 42 (2003).
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Quennehen, B.

M. Hervo, B. Quennehen, N. I. Kristiansen, J. Boulon, A. Stohl, P. Fréville, J.-M. Pichon, D. Picard, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, J.-C. Roger, A. Colomb, A. Schwarzenboeck, and K. Sellegri, “Physical and optical properties of 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption aerosol: ground-based, lidar and airborne measurements in France,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 1721–1736 (2012).
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Rahm, S.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
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A. Miffre, G. David, B. Thomas, and P. Rairoux, “Atmospheric non-spherical particles optical properties from UV-polarization lidar and scattering matrix,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L16804 (2011).
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P. Chazette, M. Bocquet, P. Royer, V. Winiarek, J.-C. Raut, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, M. Lardier, and J.-P. Cariou, “Eyjafjallajökull ash concentrations derived from both lidar and modeling,” J. Geophys. Res. 117, D00U14 (2012).
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Rautenhaus, M.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
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Reitebuch, O.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
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Ricketts, H.

F. Marenco, B. Johnson, K. Turnbull, S. Newman, J. Haywood, H. Webster, and H. Ricketts, “Airborne lidar observations of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash plume,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U05 (2011).
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F. Marenco, B. Johnson, K. Turnbull, S. Newman, J. Haywood, H. Webster, and H. Ricketts, “Airborne lidar observations of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash plume,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U05 (2011).

Riebesell, M.

Rizi, V.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
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Rocadenbosch, F.

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
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Röckmann, T.

A. Apituley, H. Russchenberg, H. van der Marel, R. Boers, H. ten Brink, G. de Leeuw, R. Uijlenhoet, B. Arbresser-Rastburg, and T. Röckmann, “Overview of research and networking with ground based remote sensing for atmospheric profiling at the cabauw experimental site for atmospheric research (CESAR)—the Netherlands,” in Proceedings IGARSS 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 903–906.

Roesler, F. L.

Roger, J.-C.

M. Hervo, B. Quennehen, N. I. Kristiansen, J. Boulon, A. Stohl, P. Fréville, J.-M. Pichon, D. Picard, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, J.-C. Roger, A. Colomb, A. Schwarzenboeck, and K. Sellegri, “Physical and optical properties of 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption aerosol: ground-based, lidar and airborne measurements in France,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 1721–1736 (2012).
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Royer, P.

P. Chazette, M. Bocquet, P. Royer, V. Winiarek, J.-C. Raut, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, M. Lardier, and J.-P. Cariou, “Eyjafjallajökull ash concentrations derived from both lidar and modeling,” J. Geophys. Res. 117, D00U14 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Chazette, A. Dabas, J. Sanak, M. Lardier, and P. Royer, “French airborne lidar measurements for Eyjafjallajökull ash plume survey,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 7059–7072 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rüba, H.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
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Russchenberg, H.

A. Apituley, H. Russchenberg, H. van der Marel, R. Boers, H. ten Brink, G. de Leeuw, R. Uijlenhoet, B. Arbresser-Rastburg, and T. Röckmann, “Overview of research and networking with ground based remote sensing for atmospheric profiling at the cabauw experimental site for atmospheric research (CESAR)—the Netherlands,” in Proceedings IGARSS 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 903–906.

Russo, F.

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ruth, A. A.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sailer, T.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
[CrossRef]

Sanak, J.

P. Chazette, A. Dabas, J. Sanak, M. Lardier, and P. Royer, “French airborne lidar measurements for Eyjafjallajökull ash plume survey,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 7059–7072 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sassen, K.

K. Sassen and S. Benson, “A midlatitude cirrus cloud climatology from the Facility for Atmospheric Remote Sensing. Part II: microphysical properties derived from lidar depolarization,” J. Atmos. Sci. 58, 2103–2112 (2001).
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Saunders, R. W.

S. C. Millington, R. W. Saunders, P. N. Francis, and H. N. Webster, “Simulated volcanic ash imagery: a method to compare NAME ash concentration forecasts with SEVIRI imagery for the Eyjafjallajkull eruption in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 117, D00U17 (2012).
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P. N. Francis, M. C. Cooke, and R. W. Saunders, “Retrieval of physical properties of volcanic ash using Meteosat: a case study from the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption,” J. Geophys. Res. 117, D00U09 (2012).
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Schäuble, D.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
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Scheibe, M.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
[CrossRef]

Schlager, H.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
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Schmidt, J.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, I. Serikov, H. Linné, B. Heinold, A. Hiebsch, F. Schnell, J. Schmidt, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, and M. Wiegner, “Ash and fine-mode particle mass profiles from EARLINET-AERONET observations over central Europe after the eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U02 (2011).
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A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Grofl, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37, L13810 (2010).
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Schnell, F.

M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, F. Schnell, V. Freudenthaler, and R. Forkel, “Characterization of the Eyjafjallajökull ash-plume: potential of lidar remote sensing,” J. Phys. Chem. Earth 45–46, 79–86 (2012).
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G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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M. Wiegner, S. Groß, S. V. Freudenthaler, F. Schnell, and J. Gasteiger, “The May/June 2008 Saharan dust event over Munich: Intensive aerosol parameters from lidar measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D23213 (2011).
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A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, I. Serikov, H. Linné, B. Heinold, A. Hiebsch, F. Schnell, J. Schmidt, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, and M. Wiegner, “Ash and fine-mode particle mass profiles from EARLINET-AERONET observations over central Europe after the eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U02 (2011).
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S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, A. Geiß, and F. Schnell, “Dual-wavelength linear depolarization ratio of volcanic aerosols: lidar measurements of the Eyjafjallajökull plume over Maisach, Germany,” Atmos. Environ. 48, 85–96 (2011).

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schumann, U.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
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A. Stohl, A. J. Prata, S. Eckhardt, L. Clarisse, A. Durant, S. Henne, N. I. Kristiansen, A. Minikin, U. Schumann, P. Seibert, K. Stebel, H. E. Thomas, T. Thorsteinsson, K. Tørseth, and B. Weinzierl, “Determination of time- and height-resolved volcanic ash emissions and their use for quantitative ash dispersion modeling: the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 4333–4351 (2011).
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Schwarzenboeck, A.

M. Hervo, B. Quennehen, N. I. Kristiansen, J. Boulon, A. Stohl, P. Fréville, J.-M. Pichon, D. Picard, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, J.-C. Roger, A. Colomb, A. Schwarzenboeck, and K. Sellegri, “Physical and optical properties of 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption aerosol: ground-based, lidar and airborne measurements in France,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 1721–1736 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Seefeldner, M.

S. Groß, M. Tesche, V. Freudenthaler, C. Toledano, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, and M. Seefeldner, “Characterization of Saharan dust, marine aerosols and mixtures of biomass-burning aerosols and dust by means of multi-wavelength depolarization and Raman lidar measurements during SAMUM 2,” Tellus, Ser. B 63, 706–724 (2011).
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V. Freudenthaler, M. Esselborn, M. Wiegner, B. Heese, M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, M. Wirth, A. Fix, G. Ehret, P. Knippertz, C. Toledano, J. Gasteiger, M. Garhammer, and M. Seefeldner, “Depolarization ratio profiling at several wavelengths in pure Saharan dust during SAMUM 2006,” Tellus, Ser. B 61, 165–179 (2009).
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Seibert, P.

A. Stohl, A. J. Prata, S. Eckhardt, L. Clarisse, A. Durant, S. Henne, N. I. Kristiansen, A. Minikin, U. Schumann, P. Seibert, K. Stebel, H. E. Thomas, T. Thorsteinsson, K. Tørseth, and B. Weinzierl, “Determination of time- and height-resolved volcanic ash emissions and their use for quantitative ash dispersion modeling: the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 4333–4351 (2011).
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Seifert, P.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, M. Tesche, and U. Wandinger, “Profiling of fine and coarse particle mass: case studies of Saharan dust and Eyjafjallajökull/Grimsvötn volcanic plumes,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 9399–9415 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, I. Serikov, H. Linné, B. Heinold, A. Hiebsch, F. Schnell, J. Schmidt, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, and M. Wiegner, “Ash and fine-mode particle mass profiles from EARLINET-AERONET observations over central Europe after the eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U02 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Grofl, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37, L13810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sellegri, K.

M. Hervo, B. Quennehen, N. I. Kristiansen, J. Boulon, A. Stohl, P. Fréville, J.-M. Pichon, D. Picard, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, J.-C. Roger, A. Colomb, A. Schwarzenboeck, and K. Sellegri, “Physical and optical properties of 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption aerosol: ground-based, lidar and airborne measurements in France,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 1721–1736 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Serikov, I.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, I. Serikov, H. Linné, B. Heinold, A. Hiebsch, F. Schnell, J. Schmidt, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, and M. Wiegner, “Ash and fine-mode particle mass profiles from EARLINET-AERONET observations over central Europe after the eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U02 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Dinoevm, Y. Arshinov, S. Bobrovnikov, I. Serikov, B. Calpini, H. van den Bergh, M. B. Parlange, and V. Simeonov, “High resolution humidity, temperature and aerosol profiling with MeteoSwiss Raman lidar,” in EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, (European Geophysical Union, 2010), Vol. 12, p.13335.

Shimizu, A.

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, “Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 42 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shipley, S. T.

Sicard, M.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Simeonov, V.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Dinoevm, Y. Arshinov, S. Bobrovnikov, I. Serikov, B. Calpini, H. van den Bergh, M. B. Parlange, and V. Simeonov, “High resolution humidity, temperature and aerosol profiling with MeteoSwiss Raman lidar,” in EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, (European Geophysical Union, 2010), Vol. 12, p.13335.

Simmet, R.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
[CrossRef]

Spinelli, N.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sroga, J. T.

Stebel, K.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Stohl, A. J. Prata, S. Eckhardt, L. Clarisse, A. Durant, S. Henne, N. I. Kristiansen, A. Minikin, U. Schumann, P. Seibert, K. Stebel, H. E. Thomas, T. Thorsteinsson, K. Tørseth, and B. Weinzierl, “Determination of time- and height-resolved volcanic ash emissions and their use for quantitative ash dispersion modeling: the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 4333–4351 (2011).
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Steinbrecht, W.

H. Flentje, H. Claude, T. Elste, S. Gilge, U. Köhler, C. Plass-Dülmer, W. Steinbrecht, W. Thomas, A. Werner, and W. Fricke, “The Eyjafjallajökull eruption in April 2010—detection of volcanic plume using in-situ measurements, ozone sondes and lidar-ceilometer profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 10085–10092 (2010).
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Stevenson, J. A.

M. T. Gudmundsson, T. Thordarson, Á. Höskuldsson, G. Larsen, H. Björnsson, F. J. Prata, B. Oddsson, E. Magnússon, T. Högnadóttir, G. N. Petersen, C. L. Hayward, J. A. Stevenson, and I. Jónsdóttir, “Ash generation and distribution from the April-May 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland,” Sci. Rep. 2, 572 (2012).
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Stock, P.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
[CrossRef]

Stohl, A.

M. Hervo, B. Quennehen, N. I. Kristiansen, J. Boulon, A. Stohl, P. Fréville, J.-M. Pichon, D. Picard, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, J.-C. Roger, A. Colomb, A. Schwarzenboeck, and K. Sellegri, “Physical and optical properties of 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption aerosol: ground-based, lidar and airborne measurements in France,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 1721–1736 (2012).
[CrossRef]

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Stohl, A. J. Prata, S. Eckhardt, L. Clarisse, A. Durant, S. Henne, N. I. Kristiansen, A. Minikin, U. Schumann, P. Seibert, K. Stebel, H. E. Thomas, T. Thorsteinsson, K. Tørseth, and B. Weinzierl, “Determination of time- and height-resolved volcanic ash emissions and their use for quantitative ash dispersion modeling: the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 4333–4351 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sturm, K.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, “Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 42 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tafferner, A.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
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ten Brink, H.

A. Apituley, H. Russchenberg, H. van der Marel, R. Boers, H. ten Brink, G. de Leeuw, R. Uijlenhoet, B. Arbresser-Rastburg, and T. Röckmann, “Overview of research and networking with ground based remote sensing for atmospheric profiling at the cabauw experimental site for atmospheric research (CESAR)—the Netherlands,” in Proceedings IGARSS 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 903–906.

Tesche, M.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, M. Tesche, and U. Wandinger, “Profiling of fine and coarse particle mass: case studies of Saharan dust and Eyjafjallajökull/Grimsvötn volcanic plumes,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 9399–9415 (2012).
[CrossRef]

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, I. Serikov, H. Linné, B. Heinold, A. Hiebsch, F. Schnell, J. Schmidt, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, and M. Wiegner, “Ash and fine-mode particle mass profiles from EARLINET-AERONET observations over central Europe after the eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U02 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Groß, M. Tesche, V. Freudenthaler, C. Toledano, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, and M. Seefeldner, “Characterization of Saharan dust, marine aerosols and mixtures of biomass-burning aerosols and dust by means of multi-wavelength depolarization and Raman lidar measurements during SAMUM 2,” Tellus, Ser. B 63, 706–724 (2011).
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A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Grofl, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37, L13810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Freudenthaler, M. Esselborn, M. Wiegner, B. Heese, M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, M. Wirth, A. Fix, G. Ehret, P. Knippertz, C. Toledano, J. Gasteiger, M. Garhammer, and M. Seefeldner, “Depolarization ratio profiling at several wavelengths in pure Saharan dust during SAMUM 2006,” Tellus, Ser. B 61, 165–179 (2009).
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M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, R. Engelmann, V. Freudenthaler, and S. Groß, “Vertically resolved separation of dust and smoke over Cape Verde using multiwavelength Raman and polarization lidars during Saharan Mineral Dust Experiment 2008,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D13202 (2009).
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Teukolsky, S. A.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes: The Art of Scientific Computing, 3rd ed. (Cambridge University, 2007).

Thomas, B.

A. Miffre, G. David, B. Thomas, and P. Rairoux, “Atmospheric non-spherical particles optical properties from UV-polarization lidar and scattering matrix,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L16804 (2011).
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Thomas, H. E.

A. Stohl, A. J. Prata, S. Eckhardt, L. Clarisse, A. Durant, S. Henne, N. I. Kristiansen, A. Minikin, U. Schumann, P. Seibert, K. Stebel, H. E. Thomas, T. Thorsteinsson, K. Tørseth, and B. Weinzierl, “Determination of time- and height-resolved volcanic ash emissions and their use for quantitative ash dispersion modeling: the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 4333–4351 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, W.

H. Flentje, H. Claude, T. Elste, S. Gilge, U. Köhler, C. Plass-Dülmer, W. Steinbrecht, W. Thomas, A. Werner, and W. Fricke, “The Eyjafjallajökull eruption in April 2010—detection of volcanic plume using in-situ measurements, ozone sondes and lidar-ceilometer profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 10085–10092 (2010).
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G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, M. Tesche, and U. Wandinger, “Profiling of fine and coarse particle mass: case studies of Saharan dust and Eyjafjallajökull/Grimsvötn volcanic plumes,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 9399–9415 (2012).
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A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, I. Serikov, H. Linné, B. Heinold, A. Hiebsch, F. Schnell, J. Schmidt, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, and M. Wiegner, “Ash and fine-mode particle mass profiles from EARLINET-AERONET observations over central Europe after the eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U02 (2011).
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A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Grofl, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37, L13810 (2010).
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G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
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A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, M. Riebesell, C. Weitkamp, and W. Michaelis, “Independent measurement of extinction and backscatter profiles in cirrus clouds by using a combined raman elastic-backscatter lidar,” Appl. Opt. 31, 7113 (1992).
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G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
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G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
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F. Marenco, B. Johnson, K. Turnbull, S. Newman, J. Haywood, H. Webster, and H. Ricketts, “Airborne lidar observations of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash plume,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U05 (2011).

F. Marenco, B. Johnson, K. Turnbull, S. Newman, J. Haywood, H. Webster, and H. Ricketts, “Airborne lidar observations of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash plume,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U05 (2011).
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U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
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Weinzierl, B.

A. Stohl, A. J. Prata, S. Eckhardt, L. Clarisse, A. Durant, S. Henne, N. I. Kristiansen, A. Minikin, U. Schumann, P. Seibert, K. Stebel, H. E. Thomas, T. Thorsteinsson, K. Tørseth, and B. Weinzierl, “Determination of time- and height-resolved volcanic ash emissions and their use for quantitative ash dispersion modeling: the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 4333–4351 (2011).
[CrossRef]

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
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A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Mayer, B. Weinzierl, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G. van Zadelhoff, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, J. Accareta, and D. Lajas, “Inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” Final report, ESA/ESTEC contract No. 22169/NL/CT, Tech. Rep. ESA-ESTEC (European Space Agency, 2011).

Weitkamp, C.

Werner, A.

H. Flentje, H. Claude, T. Elste, S. Gilge, U. Köhler, C. Plass-Dülmer, W. Steinbrecht, W. Thomas, A. Werner, and W. Fricke, “The Eyjafjallajökull eruption in April 2010—detection of volcanic plume using in-situ measurements, ozone sondes and lidar-ceilometer profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 10085–10092 (2010).
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Wiegner, M.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, F. Schnell, V. Freudenthaler, and R. Forkel, “Characterization of the Eyjafjallajökull ash-plume: potential of lidar remote sensing,” J. Phys. Chem. Earth 45–46, 79–86 (2012).
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U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, and M. Wiegner, “Volcanic ash from iceland over Munich: mass concentration retrieved from ground-based remote sensing measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2209–2223 (2011).
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S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, A. Geiß, and F. Schnell, “Dual-wavelength linear depolarization ratio of volcanic aerosols: lidar measurements of the Eyjafjallajökull plume over Maisach, Germany,” Atmos. Environ. 48, 85–96 (2011).

S. Groß, M. Tesche, V. Freudenthaler, C. Toledano, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, and M. Seefeldner, “Characterization of Saharan dust, marine aerosols and mixtures of biomass-burning aerosols and dust by means of multi-wavelength depolarization and Raman lidar measurements during SAMUM 2,” Tellus, Ser. B 63, 706–724 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, I. Serikov, H. Linné, B. Heinold, A. Hiebsch, F. Schnell, J. Schmidt, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, and M. Wiegner, “Ash and fine-mode particle mass profiles from EARLINET-AERONET observations over central Europe after the eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U02 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Wiegner, S. Groß, S. V. Freudenthaler, F. Schnell, and J. Gasteiger, “The May/June 2008 Saharan dust event over Munich: Intensive aerosol parameters from lidar measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D23213 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Grofl, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37, L13810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Freudenthaler, M. Esselborn, M. Wiegner, B. Heese, M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, M. Wirth, A. Fix, G. Ehret, P. Knippertz, C. Toledano, J. Gasteiger, M. Garhammer, and M. Seefeldner, “Depolarization ratio profiling at several wavelengths in pure Saharan dust during SAMUM 2006,” Tellus, Ser. B 61, 165–179 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Mayer, B. Weinzierl, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G. van Zadelhoff, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, J. Accareta, and D. Lajas, “Inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” Final report, ESA/ESTEC contract No. 22169/NL/CT, Tech. Rep. ESA-ESTEC (European Space Agency, 2011).

Wilson, K.

A. Apituley, K. Wilson, C. Potma, H. Volten, and M. de Graaf, “Performance assessment and application of CAELI—a high-performance Raman lidar for diurnal profiling of water vapour, aerosols and clouds,” in Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, A. Apituley, H. Russchenberg, and W. Monna, eds., (ISTP committee, 2009), S06-O10.

Wilson, K. M.

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, I. Serikov, H. Linné, B. Heinold, A. Hiebsch, F. Schnell, J. Schmidt, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, and M. Wiegner, “Ash and fine-mode particle mass profiles from EARLINET-AERONET observations over central Europe after the eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U02 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Winiarek, V.

P. Chazette, M. Bocquet, P. Royer, V. Winiarek, J.-C. Raut, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, M. Lardier, and J.-P. Cariou, “Eyjafjallajökull ash concentrations derived from both lidar and modeling,” J. Geophys. Res. 117, D00U14 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wirth, M.

V. Freudenthaler, M. Esselborn, M. Wiegner, B. Heese, M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, M. Wirth, A. Fix, G. Ehret, P. Knippertz, C. Toledano, J. Gasteiger, M. Garhammer, and M. Seefeldner, “Depolarization ratio profiling at several wavelengths in pure Saharan dust during SAMUM 2006,” Tellus, Ser. B 61, 165–179 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ziereis, H.

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Atmos. Chem. Phys. (7)

P. Chazette, A. Dabas, J. Sanak, M. Lardier, and P. Royer, “French airborne lidar measurements for Eyjafjallajökull ash plume survey,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 7059–7072 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Hervo, B. Quennehen, N. I. Kristiansen, J. Boulon, A. Stohl, P. Fréville, J.-M. Pichon, D. Picard, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, J.-C. Roger, A. Colomb, A. Schwarzenboeck, and K. Sellegri, “Physical and optical properties of 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption aerosol: ground-based, lidar and airborne measurements in France,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 1721–1736 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, M. Tesche, and U. Wandinger, “Profiling of fine and coarse particle mass: case studies of Saharan dust and Eyjafjallajökull/Grimsvötn volcanic plumes,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 9399–9415 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Flentje, H. Claude, T. Elste, S. Gilge, U. Köhler, C. Plass-Dülmer, W. Steinbrecht, W. Thomas, A. Werner, and W. Fricke, “The Eyjafjallajökull eruption in April 2010—detection of volcanic plume using in-situ measurements, ozone sondes and lidar-ceilometer profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 10085–10092 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Stohl, A. J. Prata, S. Eckhardt, L. Clarisse, A. Durant, S. Henne, N. I. Kristiansen, A. Minikin, U. Schumann, P. Seibert, K. Stebel, H. E. Thomas, T. Thorsteinsson, K. Tørseth, and B. Weinzierl, “Determination of time- and height-resolved volcanic ash emissions and their use for quantitative ash dispersion modeling: the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 4333–4351 (2011).
[CrossRef]

U. Schumann, B. Weinzierl, O. Reitebuch, H. Schlager, A. Minikin, C. Forster, R. Baumann, T. Sailer, K. Graf, H. Mannstein, C. Voigt, S. Rahm, R. Simmet, M. Scheibe, M. Lichtenstern, P. Stock, H. Rüba, D. Schäuble, A. Tafferner, M. Rautenhaus, T. Gerz, H. Ziereis, M. Krautstrunk, C. Mallaun, J.-F. Gayet, K. Lieke, K. Kandler, M. Ebert, S. Weinbruch, A. Stohl, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, H. Olafsson, and K. Sturm, “Airborne observations of the Eyjafjalla volcano ash cloud over Europe during air space closure in April and May 2010,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2245–2279(2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, and M. Wiegner, “Volcanic ash from iceland over Munich: mass concentration retrieved from ground-based remote sensing measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 2209–2223 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. (1)

G. Pappalardo, L. Mona, G. D’Amico, U. Wandinger, M. Adam, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Boselli, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, J. Cuesta, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, M. Gausa, E. Giannakaki, H. Giehl, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, S. Groß, M. Haeffelin, A. Hiebsch, M. Iarlori, D. Lange, H. Linné, F. Madonna, I. Mattis, R.-E. Mamouri, M. A. P. McAuliffe, V. Mitev, F. Molero, F. Navas-Guzman, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, M. R. Perrone, C. Pietras, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, J. Preißler, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, A. A. Ruth, J. Schmidt, F. Schnell, P. Seifert, I. Serikov, M. Sicard, V. Simeonov, N. Spinelli, K. Stebel, M. Tesche, T. Trickl, X. Wang, F. Wagner, M. Wiegner, and K. M. Wilson, “Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 12, 30203–30257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Atmos. Environ. (2)

B. Langmann, L. Alados Arboledas, A. Folch, and V. Matthias, eds., “Volcanic ash over Europe during the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull on Iceland, April-May 2010,” (Special issue), Atmos. Environ. 48, 1–240 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, A. Geiß, and F. Schnell, “Dual-wavelength linear depolarization ratio of volcanic aerosols: lidar measurements of the Eyjafjallajökull plume over Maisach, Germany,” Atmos. Environ. 48, 85–96 (2011).

Atmos. Meas. Tech. (1)

G. Tsaknakis, A. Papayannis, P. Kokkalis, V. Amiridis, H. D. Kambezidis, R. E. Mamouri, G. Georgoussis, and G. Avdikos, “Inter-comparison of lidar and ceilometer retrievals for aerosol and planetary boundary layer profiling over Athens, Greece,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4, 1261–1273 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (3)

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Grofl, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37, L13810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Miffre, G. David, B. Thomas, and P. Rairoux, “Atmospheric non-spherical particles optical properties from UV-polarization lidar and scattering matrix,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L16804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, “Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 42 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (1)

D. Althausen, R. Engelmann, H. Baars, B. Heese, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, and M. Komppula, “Portable raman lidar PollyXT for automated profiling of aerosol backscatter, extinction, and depolarization,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2366–2378 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sci. (2)

G. W. Petty and W. Huang, “The modified gamma size distribution applied to inhomogeneous and nonspherical particles: Key relationships and conversions,” J. Atmos. Sci. 68, 1460–1473 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Sassen and S. Benson, “A midlatitude cirrus cloud climatology from the Facility for Atmospheric Remote Sensing. Part II: microphysical properties derived from lidar depolarization,” J. Atmos. Sci. 58, 2103–2112 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (10)

F. Marenco, B. Johnson, K. Turnbull, S. Newman, J. Haywood, H. Webster, and H. Ricketts, “Airborne lidar observations of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash plume,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U05 (2011).

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linné, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D’Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “Earlinet correlative measurements for calipso: first intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00H19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Chazette, M. Bocquet, P. Royer, V. Winiarek, J.-C. Raut, P. Labazuy, M. Gouhier, M. Lardier, and J.-P. Cariou, “Eyjafjallajökull ash concentrations derived from both lidar and modeling,” J. Geophys. Res. 117, D00U14 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Francis, M. C. Cooke, and R. W. Saunders, “Retrieval of physical properties of volcanic ash using Meteosat: a case study from the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption,” J. Geophys. Res. 117, D00U09 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Millington, R. W. Saunders, P. N. Francis, and H. N. Webster, “Simulated volcanic ash imagery: a method to compare NAME ash concentration forecasts with SEVIRI imagery for the Eyjafjallajkull eruption in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 117, D00U17 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, R. Engelmann, V. Freudenthaler, and S. Groß, “Vertically resolved separation of dust and smoke over Cape Verde using multiwavelength Raman and polarization lidars during Saharan Mineral Dust Experiment 2008,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D13202 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Wiegner, S. Groß, S. V. Freudenthaler, F. Schnell, and J. Gasteiger, “The May/June 2008 Saharan dust event over Munich: Intensive aerosol parameters from lidar measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D23213 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Marenco, B. Johnson, K. Turnbull, S. Newman, J. Haywood, H. Webster, and H. Ricketts, “Airborne lidar observations of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash plume,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U05 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, I. Serikov, H. Linné, B. Heinold, A. Hiebsch, F. Schnell, J. Schmidt, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, and M. Wiegner, “Ash and fine-mode particle mass profiles from EARLINET-AERONET observations over central Europe after the eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U02 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Marenco and R. J. Hogan, “Determining the contribution of volcanic ash and boundary layer aerosol in backscatter lidar returns: a three-component atmosphere approach,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D00U06 (2011).

J. Phys. Chem. Earth (1)

M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, F. Schnell, V. Freudenthaler, and R. Forkel, “Characterization of the Eyjafjallajökull ash-plume: potential of lidar remote sensing,” J. Phys. Chem. Earth 45–46, 79–86 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (1)

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[CrossRef]

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M. T. Gudmundsson, T. Thordarson, Á. Höskuldsson, G. Larsen, H. Björnsson, F. J. Prata, B. Oddsson, E. Magnússon, T. Högnadóttir, G. N. Petersen, C. L. Hayward, J. A. Stevenson, and I. Jónsdóttir, “Ash generation and distribution from the April-May 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland,” Sci. Rep. 2, 572 (2012).
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V. Freudenthaler, M. Esselborn, M. Wiegner, B. Heese, M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, M. Wirth, A. Fix, G. Ehret, P. Knippertz, C. Toledano, J. Gasteiger, M. Garhammer, and M. Seefeldner, “Depolarization ratio profiling at several wavelengths in pure Saharan dust during SAMUM 2006,” Tellus, Ser. B 61, 165–179 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Groß, M. Tesche, V. Freudenthaler, C. Toledano, M. Wiegner, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, and M. Seefeldner, “Characterization of Saharan dust, marine aerosols and mixtures of biomass-burning aerosols and dust by means of multi-wavelength depolarization and Raman lidar measurements during SAMUM 2,” Tellus, Ser. B 63, 706–724 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (8)

A. Apituley, H. Russchenberg, H. van der Marel, R. Boers, H. ten Brink, G. de Leeuw, R. Uijlenhoet, B. Arbresser-Rastburg, and T. Röckmann, “Overview of research and networking with ground based remote sensing for atmospheric profiling at the cabauw experimental site for atmospheric research (CESAR)—the Netherlands,” in Proceedings IGARSS 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 903–906.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes: The Art of Scientific Computing, 3rd ed. (Cambridge University, 2007).

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Mayer, B. Weinzierl, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G. van Zadelhoff, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, J. Accareta, and D. Lajas, “Inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” Final report, ESA/ESTEC contract No. 22169/NL/CT, Tech. Rep. ESA-ESTEC (European Space Agency, 2011).

T. Dinoevm, Y. Arshinov, S. Bobrovnikov, I. Serikov, B. Calpini, H. van den Bergh, M. B. Parlange, and V. Simeonov, “High resolution humidity, temperature and aerosol profiling with MeteoSwiss Raman lidar,” in EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, (European Geophysical Union, 2010), Vol. 12, p.13335.

C. Bay Hasager, W. Birmili, G. Pappalardo, and F. Prata, eds., “Atmospheric implications of the volcanic eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland 2010,” (Special issue), Atmos. Chem. Phys. (2010).

Special collection: “The Eyjafjallajökull Volcanic Eruption in 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. (2011–2012).

V. Kovalev and W. Eichinger, Elastic Lidar: Theory, Practice, and Analysis Tools (Wiley-Interscience, 2004).

A. Apituley, K. Wilson, C. Potma, H. Volten, and M. de Graaf, “Performance assessment and application of CAELI—a high-performance Raman lidar for diurnal profiling of water vapour, aerosols and clouds,” in Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, A. Apituley, H. Russchenberg, and W. Monna, eds., (ISTP committee, 2009), S06-O10.

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Figures (21)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Top panel: R1 as a function of δt for δm=0.004 and δa=0.36 from Eq. (9). Middle panel: fractional error in R1 for 10% error levels in δt, δa, and δtm. Bottom panel: corresponding results for 5% error levels.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Top panel: extinction as a function of δt for the case of δm=0.004, δa=0.36, and S=50. Fractional errors for different SNR levels of δt as labeled are shown in the bottom panel.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Simulated signal profiles and resulting total depolarization ratio profiles (left panel), retrieved R profiles using Eq. (9) assuming 10%, 0, and +10% biases in δa (middle panel) and corresponding extinction profiles retrieved using Eqs. (17) and (29), respectively. The text gives relative errors for the integrated backscatter (Int. Beta), the optical thickness (OT) derived using Eq. (17), and the resulting value of the effective value of the backscatter-to-extinction ratio [Eq. (30)]. The layer top (zt) and bottom (zb) were identified as the altitudes where R=1.1. For each quantity a pair of values are given corresponding to 10% and +10% biases in δa. Here the true value of S is 50 [sr] and the true value of δa is 0.36.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Same as Fig. 3, except for errors in δt of 10% to +10%.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Same as Fig. 3 except, a random error consistent with Cr=1.0 and Δδt/δt=5% at 2.6 km was added to the simulated signals. Before applying Eq. (17), the R abd Bt profiles were smoothed to a resolution of 250 m.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Extinction retrievals performed assuming a fixed value of δa applied to synthetic signals generated assuming various values of dδa/dz (as labeled). The black line shows the true value. The synthetic signals were generated assuming a constant R value of 3.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

fd versus S derived using Eqs. (9)–(15) (black solid line) and the values obtained when δd is under- or overestimated by a factor of 10% (black dashed lines). Results for three different paired amounts of depolarizing and nondepolarizing aerosol scattering ratios (denoted by Rd and Rn, respectively) are shown as indicated. The gray solid line shows the results given by Eq. (34), and the gray dashed lines show the effect of a ±20% change in the assumed value of Sn.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

High-level schematic depiction of the general automated inversion procedure. Here “Met.” refers to meteorological data that is used in the inversion process, e.g., atmospheric density profile data.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Schematic depiction of the inversion procedure in the case in which fd is assumed to be constant with height.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Schematic depiction of the inversion procedure in the case in which fd is treated as a function of altitude.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Backscatter-to-extinction ratio (right panel) and depolarization ratio (left panel) corresponding to modified gamma-type size distributions. The black lines are for 355 nm, while the gray lines are for 532 nm.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Total (uncalibrated) attenuated backscatter (top panel) and corresponding total depolarization ratio (bottom panel) measured at Cabauw with a Leosphere ALS-450 355 nm lidar on April 16, 2010. The ash layer is detected by the lidar first at about 11.40 h UTC through a break in the BL cloud deck. As the cloud deck dissipated, the ash became increasingly visible. The BL aerosol is seen to be virtually nondepolarizing. The large depolarizing ratio values seen at about 1.6 km are due to multiple scattering in the water cloud present.

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

(Left-most panel) R as a function of altitude derived using the IKF-based procedure and that derived using the depolarization-based procedure. The second panel from left shows the observed total depolarization ratio, the particle depolarization ratio derived by solving Eq. (9) for δa using the IKF derived R profile, and the corresponding estimate from the depolarization-based procedure. The third panel from the left shows the extinction profiles derived using the IFK approach and the depolarization-based approach. The right-most panel shows the corresponding mass density estimates. Sd is the value of S returned by the depolarization-based inversion procedure, while SIKF is the corresponding estimate yielded by the IKF-based inversion approach [likewise for the aerosol OT (AOT) estimates].

Fig. 14.
Fig. 14.

Same as Fig. 13, except that fd in the depolarization-based inversion was allowed to vary as a function of height. The IKF results are not identical to those shown in Fig. 13 due to the Monte Carlo nature of the procedure.

Fig. 15.
Fig. 15.

Total (uncalibrated) attenuated backscatter (top panel) and corresponding depolarization ratio (bottom panel) measured at Cabauw with a Leosphere ALS-450 355 nm lidar on April 18, 2010. In this case it appeared as if the ash layer was mixing into nondepolarizing boundary-layer aerosol.

Fig. 16.
Fig. 16.

Same as Fig. 13, except corresponding to 11:00–12:00 UTC, April 18.

Fig. 17.
Fig. 17.

Same as Fig. 16, except that a fixed value of S (S=50) was used in a noniterative application of the KF procedure and fd in the depolarization-based inversion was allowed to vary as a function of height.

Fig. 18.
Fig. 18.

Total (uncalibrated) attenuated backscatter (top panel) and corresponding depolarization ratio (bottom panel) measured at Cabauw with a Leosphere 355 nm lidar on May 17, 2010.

Fig. 19.
Fig. 19.

Same as Fig. 13, except for May 17, 18:30–19:30 UTC.

Fig. 20.
Fig. 20.

Shown in the the left panel are the backscatter profile at 355 nm derived from Raman lidar measurements for the same time period as for Fig. 19 and the corresponding backscatter profile estimate made using the depolarization-based algorithm. The second panel from the left shows the UV-Lidar observed volume depolarization ratio, the particle depolarization ratio yielded by the depolarization-based inversion, and the particle depolarization ratio derived using the Raman lidar backscatter measurement. The third panel from the left shows the Raman lidar derived S profile and the estimate yielded by the depolarization-based procedure. Finally, the rightmost panel shows the Raman lidar extinction profile and the estimated profile yielded by the depolarization-based inversion procedure.

Fig. 21.
Fig. 21.

Distribution of interchannel calibration factors (Cr) and polarization crosstalk (δC) estimates generated using Eqs. (A8)–(A10) applied to 23 different cases. The gray symbols each represent a single determination, while the average results are indicated by a single black symbol. The lines indicate the ±1 standard deviation range.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Fixed Parameters Used in the Depolarization-Based Inversion Procedure

Equations (52)

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z2P(z)=Cβt,(z)exp(20zαt(z)dz)
z2P(z)=Cβt,(z)exp(20zαt(z)dz),
δt(z)=βt,βt,=Cr1(P(z)P(z)).
δt=βt,βt,=β1,+β2,β1,+β2,,
f1=β1β1+β2,
δt=f1δ1(δ2+1)+(1f1)δ2(δ1+1)f1(δ2+1)+(1f1)(δ1+1).
f1=fa=βaβa+βm,
R=βa+βmβm
R1=(δtδmδaδt)(δa+1δm+1),
(ΔR)2=(RδtΔδt)2+(RδmΔδm)2+(RδaΔδa)2,
Rδm=(R1)(1δtδm1δm+1),
Rδt=(R1)(1δaδt+1δtδm),
Rδa=(R1)(1δa+11δaδt).
Bt=B+B=z2(P+Cr1P)=C(βa+βm)exp[20z(αa+αm)dz],
τa(z1,z2)=z1z2αa(z)dz=12[ln(Bt(z1)ρ(z2)Bt(z2)ρ(z1))ln(R(z2)R(z1))]z1z2αm(z)dz,
αa(z)=12(1Btρd(Btρ)dz1RdRdz)αm(z),
αa(z)=12Δz[ln(Bt(z)ρ(z+Δz)Bt(z+Δz)ρ(z))+ln(R(z)R(z+Δz))]αm(z).
(Δαa(z))2=(αB,1ΔB,1)2+(αB,1ΔB,1)2+(αB,2ΔB,2)2+(αB,2ΔB,2)2=(12Δz)2[(1Bt,1ln(R1R2)B,1)2Δ2B,1+(1Bt,2ln(R1R2)B,1)2Δ2B,1+(1Bt,1+ln(R1R2)B,2)2Δ2B,2+(1Bt,2+ln(R1R2)B,2)2Δ2B,2],
ln(R1R2)B,1=1R1R1B,1=1R1δtB,1R1δt,1=1R1δt,1B,1R1δt,1,
ln(R1R2)B,2=1R2δt,2B,2R2δt,2,
ln(R1R2)B,1=1R1δt,1B,1R1δt,1,
ln(R1R2)B,2=1R2δt,2B,2R2δt,2,
Δβ=C1P1/2
Δβ=C1P1/2,
(Δδtδt)2=(Δββ)2+(Δββ)2,
ΔBB=(1+Crδt)1/2Δδtδt
ΔBB=(1+1Crδt)1/2Δδtδt.
(Δαaαa)2=(12ΔzΔδtδt)2(1+(z+Δzz)2exp(Δzαt))2((R1)Sβm)2[(δtR1R[1δaδt+1δtδm]+11+1δt)211Crδt+1+(δtR1R[1δaδt+1δtδm]11+δt)21Crδt+1].
α(z)=Seffβa=Seff(R(z)1.0)
Seff=zbztα(z)dzzbzt(R(z)1)βm(z)dz,
fd=βdβd+βn,
δa=fdδd(δn+1)+(1fd)δn(δd+1)fd(δn+1)+(1fd)(δn+1),
δafdδd1+(1fd)δd.
Sa=αaβa=Sdβd+Snβnβd+βn=Sdfd+(1fd)Sn,
τ(z1,z2)=i=iz1iz2αa(zi)Δz=Sai=iz1iz2βa(zi)Δz=Sai=iz1iz2(R(zi)1)βm(z+i)Δz,
χδ2=i=izbizt(αa,iαa,iαa,i)2,
αa,i=Sa[R(zi)1.0]βm(zi).
md=ρd(vd/τd¯)αd,
mn=ρn(vn/τn¯)αn,
χδ2=i=izbizt(αiαiαi)2+λ(fd,i+1fd,i1fd,i)2,
Reff=34VAc,
χKF2=i=iz1iz2(Ri1ΔRi)2+i=iz3iz4(Ri1ΔRi)2,
P,o=Ci,o=C((10δ˜C)i+δ˜Ci),
P,o=Ci,o=C(δCi+(1δC)i),
P,oC=((1δC)i+δCi),
P,oC=Cr(δCi+(1δC)i),
δt=(1δC)δt,oδC(1δC)δCδt,o,
δt,o=P,oP,o,
Pt=Ci+Ci=1X(P,o(CrδC)+P,o(1.0δC)),
(Rδ1.0)((1.0δt)δt+δt1.0)δC2+(Rδ((δt2.0)δt+1.0)+(2δtδtδt1.0))δC+(Rδδtδt)=0,
Rδ=δt,oδt,o,
Cr1=1δt,o(δtδtδC+δCδtδCδC+1.0).

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