Abstract

Optical interference coatings play as an important role in the progress in optics and photonics. In this article we give a minireview of the evolution of optical interference coatings from the theory, the design, to the manufacture. Some interesting but challenging topics for the future are also discussed.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2012

2011

2009

B. Päivänranta, T. Saastamoinen, and M. Kuittinen, “A wide-angle antireflection surface for the visible spectrum,” Nanotechnology 20, 375301 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

A. Kongkanand, K. Tvrdy, K. Takechi, M. Kuno, and P. V. Kamat, “Quantum dot solar cells. Tuning photoresponse through size and shape control of CdSe-TiO2 architecture,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 4007–4015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Macleod, “Progress in optical coatings” [Invited], Proc. SPIE 7101, 710102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

C. C. Lee, K. Wu, S. H. Chen, and S. R. Ma, “Optical monitoring and real time admittance loci calculation through polarization interferometer,” Opt. Express 15, 17536–17541 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Lee and K. Wu, “In situ sensitive optical monitoring with proper error compensation,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2118–2120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Huang, S. Chattopadhyay, Y. J. Jen, C. Y. Peng, T. A. Liu, Y. K. Hsu, C. L. Pan, H. C. Lo, C. H. Hsu, Y. H. Chang, C. S. Lee, K. H. Chen, and L.-C. Chen, “Improved broadband and quasiomnidirectional anti-reflection properties with biomimetic silicon nanostructures,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 770–774 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J.-Q. Xi, M. F. Schubert, J. K. Kim, E. F. Schubert, M. Chen, S.-Y. Lin, W. Liu, and J. A. Smart, “Optical thin-film materials with low refractive index for broadband elimination of Fresnel reflection,” Nat. Photonics 1, 176–179 (2007).

G. M. Harry, M. R. Abernathy, A. E. Becerra-Toledo, H. Armandula, E. Black, K. Dooley, M. Eichenfield, C. Nwabugwu, A. Villar, D. R. M. Crooks, G. Cagnoli, J. Hough, C. R. How, I. MacLaren, P. Murray, S. Reid, S. Rowan, P. H. Sneddon, M. M. Fejer, R. Route, S. D. Penn, P. Ganau, J.-M. Mackowski, C. Michel, L. Pinard, and A. Remillieux, “Titania-doped tantala/silica coatings for gravitational-wave detection,” Class. Quantum Grav. 24, 405–415 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2004

M. Boccas, “Coating Gemini’s mirrors with protected silver,” Gemini Newsletter 29, 9–13 (2004).

G. McHale, N. J. Shirtcliffe, and M. I. Newton, “Contact-angle hysteresis on super-hydrophobic surfaces,” Langmuir 20, 10146–10149 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. D. Black, A. Villar, K. Barbary, A. Bushmaker, J. Heefner, S. Kawamura, F. Kawazoe, L. Matone, S. Meidt, S. R. Rao, K. Schulz, M. Zhang, and K. G. Libbrecht, “Direct observation of broadband coating thermal noise in a suspended interferometer,” Phys. Lett. A 328, 1–5 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2002

S. I. Zaitsu, T. Jitsuno, M. Nakatsuka, and T. Yamanaka, “Optical thin films consisting of nanoscale laminated layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2442–2444 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

K. Zhang, F. Zhu, C. H. A. Huan, and A. T. S. Wee, “Indium tin oxide films prepared by radio frequency magnetron sputtering method at a low processing temperature,” Thin Solid Films 376, 255–263 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

1998

K. Tominaga, N. Umezu, I. Mori, T. Ushiro, T. Morifa, and I. Nakabaayashi, “Transparent conductive ZnO film preparation by alternating sputtering of ZnO:Al and Zn or Al targets,” Thin Solid Films 334, 35–39 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Mascia and T. Tang, “Polyperfluoroether-silica hybrids,” Polymer 39, 3045–3057 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1996

1995

1993

Y. S. He, J. C. Campbell, and R. C. Murphy, “Electrical and optical characterization of Sb : SnO2,” J. Mater. Res. 8, 3131–3134 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1988

1987

1985

1983

1982

1978

1977

H. A. Macleod and E. Pelletier, “Error compensation mechanisms in some thin-film monitor systems,” Opt. Acta 24, 907–930 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1973

V. N. Yadava, S. K. Sharma, and K. L. Chopra, “Variable refractive index optical coatings,” Thin Solid Films 17, 243–252 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972

P. Bousquet, A. Fornier, R. Kowalczyk, E. Pwlletier, and P. Roche, “Optical filters: monitoring process allowing the auto-correction of thickness errors,” Thin Solid Films 13, 285–290 (1972).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Macleod, “Turning value monitoring of narrow-band all-dielectric thin-film optical filters,” Opt. Acta 19, 1–28 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1967

1957

1952

1950

F. Abelès, “Recherches sur la propagation des ondes électromagnétiques sinusoïdales dans les milieus stratifiés. Applications aux couches minces. I,” Ann. Phys. 12(ième Serie 5), 596–640 (1950).

1899

C. Fabry and A. Perot, “Thèorie et applications d’une nouvelle mèthode de spectroscopie interfèrentielle,” Ann. Chim. Phys., Paris 16, 115–144 (1899).

Abelés, F.

F. Abelés, “Recherches sur la propagation des ondes électromagnétiques sinusoïdales dans les milieus stratifiés. Applications aux couches minces. II,” Ann. Phys.12(ième Serie 5), 706–784 (1950).

Abelès, F.

F. Abelès, “Recherches sur la propagation des ondes électromagnétiques sinusoïdales dans les milieus stratifiés. Applications aux couches minces. I,” Ann. Phys. 12(ième Serie 5), 596–640 (1950).

Abernathy, M. R.

G. M. Harry, M. R. Abernathy, A. E. Becerra-Toledo, H. Armandula, E. Black, K. Dooley, M. Eichenfield, C. Nwabugwu, A. Villar, D. R. M. Crooks, G. Cagnoli, J. Hough, C. R. How, I. MacLaren, P. Murray, S. Reid, S. Rowan, P. H. Sneddon, M. M. Fejer, R. Route, S. D. Penn, P. Ganau, J.-M. Mackowski, C. Michel, L. Pinard, and A. Remillieux, “Titania-doped tantala/silica coatings for gravitational-wave detection,” Class. Quantum Grav. 24, 405–415 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Amotchkina, T. V.

Armandula, H.

G. M. Harry, M. R. Abernathy, A. E. Becerra-Toledo, H. Armandula, E. Black, K. Dooley, M. Eichenfield, C. Nwabugwu, A. Villar, D. R. M. Crooks, G. Cagnoli, J. Hough, C. R. How, I. MacLaren, P. Murray, S. Reid, S. Rowan, P. H. Sneddon, M. M. Fejer, R. Route, S. D. Penn, P. Ganau, J.-M. Mackowski, C. Michel, L. Pinard, and A. Remillieux, “Titania-doped tantala/silica coatings for gravitational-wave detection,” Class. Quantum Grav. 24, 405–415 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barbary, K.

E. D. Black, A. Villar, K. Barbary, A. Bushmaker, J. Heefner, S. Kawamura, F. Kawazoe, L. Matone, S. Meidt, S. R. Rao, K. Schulz, M. Zhang, and K. G. Libbrecht, “Direct observation of broadband coating thermal noise in a suspended interferometer,” Phys. Lett. A 328, 1–5 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Becerra-Toledo, A. E.

G. M. Harry, M. R. Abernathy, A. E. Becerra-Toledo, H. Armandula, E. Black, K. Dooley, M. Eichenfield, C. Nwabugwu, A. Villar, D. R. M. Crooks, G. Cagnoli, J. Hough, C. R. How, I. MacLaren, P. Murray, S. Reid, S. Rowan, P. H. Sneddon, M. M. Fejer, R. Route, S. D. Penn, P. Ganau, J.-M. Mackowski, C. Michel, L. Pinard, and A. Remillieux, “Titania-doped tantala/silica coatings for gravitational-wave detection,” Class. Quantum Grav. 24, 405–415 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Berginc, G.

F. Flory, L. Escoubas, and G. Berginc, “Optical properties of nanostructured materials: a review,” J. Nanophoton. 5, 052502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Berning, P. H.

Bhosle, V.

V. Bhosle, A. Tiwari, and J. Narayan, “Electrical properties of transparent and conducting Ga doped ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033713 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Black, E.

G. M. Harry, M. R. Abernathy, A. E. Becerra-Toledo, H. Armandula, E. Black, K. Dooley, M. Eichenfield, C. Nwabugwu, A. Villar, D. R. M. Crooks, G. Cagnoli, J. Hough, C. R. How, I. MacLaren, P. Murray, S. Reid, S. Rowan, P. H. Sneddon, M. M. Fejer, R. Route, S. D. Penn, P. Ganau, J.-M. Mackowski, C. Michel, L. Pinard, and A. Remillieux, “Titania-doped tantala/silica coatings for gravitational-wave detection,” Class. Quantum Grav. 24, 405–415 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Black, E. D.

E. D. Black, A. Villar, K. Barbary, A. Bushmaker, J. Heefner, S. Kawamura, F. Kawazoe, L. Matone, S. Meidt, S. R. Rao, K. Schulz, M. Zhang, and K. G. Libbrecht, “Direct observation of broadband coating thermal noise in a suspended interferometer,” Phys. Lett. A 328, 1–5 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Boccas, M.

M. Boccas, “Coating Gemini’s mirrors with protected silver,” Gemini Newsletter 29, 9–13 (2004).

Bousquet, P.

P. Bousquet, A. Fornier, R. Kowalczyk, E. Pwlletier, and P. Roche, “Optical filters: monitoring process allowing the auto-correction of thickness errors,” Thin Solid Films 13, 285–290 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Bovard, B. G.

Brett, M. J.

Brock, N. J.

Bushmaker, A.

E. D. Black, A. Villar, K. Barbary, A. Bushmaker, J. Heefner, S. Kawamura, F. Kawazoe, L. Matone, S. Meidt, S. R. Rao, K. Schulz, M. Zhang, and K. G. Libbrecht, “Direct observation of broadband coating thermal noise in a suspended interferometer,” Phys. Lett. A 328, 1–5 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cagnoli, G.

G. M. Harry, M. R. Abernathy, A. E. Becerra-Toledo, H. Armandula, E. Black, K. Dooley, M. Eichenfield, C. Nwabugwu, A. Villar, D. R. M. Crooks, G. Cagnoli, J. Hough, C. R. How, I. MacLaren, P. Murray, S. Reid, S. Rowan, P. H. Sneddon, M. M. Fejer, R. Route, S. D. Penn, P. Ganau, J.-M. Mackowski, C. Michel, L. Pinard, and A. Remillieux, “Titania-doped tantala/silica coatings for gravitational-wave detection,” Class. Quantum Grav. 24, 405–415 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Camargo, K. C.

Campbell, J. C.

Y. S. He, J. C. Campbell, and R. C. Murphy, “Electrical and optical characterization of Sb : SnO2,” J. Mater. Res. 8, 3131–3134 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y. H.

Y. F. Huang, S. Chattopadhyay, Y. J. Jen, C. Y. Peng, T. A. Liu, Y. K. Hsu, C. L. Pan, H. C. Lo, C. H. Hsu, Y. H. Chang, C. S. Lee, K. H. Chen, and L.-C. Chen, “Improved broadband and quasiomnidirectional anti-reflection properties with biomimetic silicon nanostructures,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 770–774 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chao, S.

Chattopadhyay, S.

Y. F. Huang, S. Chattopadhyay, Y. J. Jen, C. Y. Peng, T. A. Liu, Y. K. Hsu, C. L. Pan, H. C. Lo, C. H. Hsu, Y. H. Chang, C. S. Lee, K. H. Chen, and L.-C. Chen, “Improved broadband and quasiomnidirectional anti-reflection properties with biomimetic silicon nanostructures,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 770–774 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. H.

Chen, H. L.

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Chen, K. H.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Uncoated glasses (A) and coated glasses (B) and (C). (C) has residual green color in the reflection.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Effect of deposition rate and vacuum on the reflectance at 200 nm of Al-mirror: (A) experiment, (B) simulation, (a) ideal ( N = 0.11 2.2 i ), (b) vacuum at 6.7 × 10 7 Pa , (c) vacuum at 4 × 10 4 Pa , (d)  N E = 0.22 i 2.2 , (e)  N E = 0.44 i 2.2 , and (g)  N E = 1.2 i 2.2 .

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Design of a heat mirror by using the admittance diagram with TiO 2 (30 nm), Ag (15 nm), and TiO 2 (37.5 nm). (A) Admittance loci at wavelength 550 nm, and (B) the optical performance [18].

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Different anti-reflection spectra (A) of solar cells show different colors (B) [41].

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Color made by a periodic Al hole-array with thickness 50 nm and periods of 600, 800, 1000, and 1200 nm (left to right) at normal incidence (A) and oblique incidence (B).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Black dark coating made by thin film: Glass / Al ( 200 nm ) / Nb 2 O 5 ( 36.78 nm ) / Nb ( 12.67 nm ) / Nb 2 O 5 ( 28.70 nm ) / SiO 2 ( 61 nm ) / Air , at normal incidence (A) and oblique incidence (B).

Equations (2)

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2 Δ g = 4 π sin 1 ( n H n L n H + n L ) ,
R = ( 1 / n 1 ) 2 + ( k / n ) 2 ( 1 / n + 1 ) 2 + ( k / n ) 2 .

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