Abstract

This paper proposed an automated technique for vibration detection using statistical focus measure to evaluate interferogram contrast. An interferogram sequence from a Mach-Zehnder interferometer setup is recorded (frame rate: 24 fps) and the gray-level variance (GLVA) is plotted versus time. Occurrence of induced vibration in the setup causes a decrease in the interferogram contrast which, in turn, manifests as an evident rapid drop in the variance plot. The technique is demonstrated experimentally using periodic microvibrations (frequency range, 6Hz) and aperiodic disturbances.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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2011 (2)

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

W. Huang and Z. Jing, “Evaluation of focus measures in multi-focus image fusion,” Patt. Recog. Lett. 28, 493–500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fu, G. Pedrini, and W. Osten, “Vibration measurement by temporal Fourier analyses of a digital hologram sequence,” Appl. Opt. 46, 5719–5727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

H. Vagh, V. Chhaniwal, B. Chakrabarty, and A. Anand, “Vibration analysis with pinhole confocal technique,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 116113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Silvano, M. Norgia, and G. Giuliani, “Self-mixing differential vibrometer based on electronic channel subtraction,” Appl. Opt. 45, 7264–7268 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

L. Ma, H. Wang, Y. Li, and H. Jin, “Numerical reconstruction of digital holograms for three-dimensional shape measurement,” J. Opt. A 6, 396–400 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

P. Picart, J. Leval, D. Mounier, and S. Gougeon, “Time-averaged digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1900–1902(2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Burgett, M. Bradley, M. Duncan, J. Melton, A. Lal, V. Aranchuk, C. Hess, J. Sabatier, and N. Xiang, “Mobile mounted laser Doppler vibrometer array for acoustic landmine detection,” Proc. SPIE 5089, 665–672 (2003).

2000 (1)

N. Xiang and J. M. Sabatier, “Land mine detection measurements using acoustic-to-seismic coupling,” Proc. SPIE 4038, 645–655 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

G. Pedrini, P. H. Fröning, H. Fessler, and H. Tiziani, “Transient vibration measurements using multi-pulse digital holography,” Opt. Laser Technol. 29, 505–511 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1986 (1)

A. M. Sauter and L. M. Dorman, “Instrument calibration of ocean bottom seismographs,” Mar. Geophys. Res. 8, 265–275 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Abramson, N.

N. Abramson, The Making and Evaluation of Holograms(Academic, 1981).

Almoro, P. F.

Anand, A.

H. Vagh, V. Chhaniwal, B. Chakrabarty, and A. Anand, “Vibration analysis with pinhole confocal technique,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 116113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Aranchuk, V.

R. Burgett, M. Bradley, M. Duncan, J. Melton, A. Lal, V. Aranchuk, C. Hess, J. Sabatier, and N. Xiang, “Mobile mounted laser Doppler vibrometer array for acoustic landmine detection,” Proc. SPIE 5089, 665–672 (2003).

Avila, A.

R. Rodriguez-Vera, A. Avila, J. A. Rayas, and F. Mendoza-Santoyo, “Determination of mechanical vibration properties of one-dimensional structures using fringe projection method,” in CLEO Pacific Rim (Optical Society of America, 2005).

Barron, R. F.

R. F. Barron, Industrial Noise Control and Acoustics (Dekker, 2003).

Bergoënd, I.

I. Bergoënd, T. Colomb, N. Pavillon, Y. Emery, and C. Depeursinge, “Extended depth-of-field and 3D information extraction in digital holographic microscopy,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper DWB5.

Bradley, M.

R. Burgett, M. Bradley, M. Duncan, J. Melton, A. Lal, V. Aranchuk, C. Hess, J. Sabatier, and N. Xiang, “Mobile mounted laser Doppler vibrometer array for acoustic landmine detection,” Proc. SPIE 5089, 665–672 (2003).

Burgett, R.

R. Burgett, M. Bradley, M. Duncan, J. Melton, A. Lal, V. Aranchuk, C. Hess, J. Sabatier, and N. Xiang, “Mobile mounted laser Doppler vibrometer array for acoustic landmine detection,” Proc. SPIE 5089, 665–672 (2003).

Chakrabarty, B.

H. Vagh, V. Chhaniwal, B. Chakrabarty, and A. Anand, “Vibration analysis with pinhole confocal technique,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 116113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chhaniwal, V.

H. Vagh, V. Chhaniwal, B. Chakrabarty, and A. Anand, “Vibration analysis with pinhole confocal technique,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 116113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Colomb, T.

I. Bergoënd, T. Colomb, N. Pavillon, Y. Emery, and C. Depeursinge, “Extended depth-of-field and 3D information extraction in digital holographic microscopy,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper DWB5.

Depeursinge, C.

I. Bergoënd, T. Colomb, N. Pavillon, Y. Emery, and C. Depeursinge, “Extended depth-of-field and 3D information extraction in digital holographic microscopy,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper DWB5.

Distante, C.

Dorman, L. M.

A. M. Sauter and L. M. Dorman, “Instrument calibration of ocean bottom seismographs,” Mar. Geophys. Res. 8, 265–275 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Duncan, M.

R. Burgett, M. Bradley, M. Duncan, J. Melton, A. Lal, V. Aranchuk, C. Hess, J. Sabatier, and N. Xiang, “Mobile mounted laser Doppler vibrometer array for acoustic landmine detection,” Proc. SPIE 5089, 665–672 (2003).

Dyrseth, A.

Emery, Y.

I. Bergoënd, T. Colomb, N. Pavillon, Y. Emery, and C. Depeursinge, “Extended depth-of-field and 3D information extraction in digital holographic microscopy,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper DWB5.

Ferraro, P.

Fessler, H.

G. Pedrini, P. H. Fröning, H. Fessler, and H. Tiziani, “Transient vibration measurements using multi-pulse digital holography,” Opt. Laser Technol. 29, 505–511 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Filipinas, J. C.

Finizio, A.

Fröning, P. H.

G. Pedrini, P. H. Fröning, H. Fessler, and H. Tiziani, “Transient vibration measurements using multi-pulse digital holography,” Opt. Laser Technol. 29, 505–511 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Y.

Giuliani, G.

Gougeon, S.

Hess, C.

R. Burgett, M. Bradley, M. Duncan, J. Melton, A. Lal, V. Aranchuk, C. Hess, J. Sabatier, and N. Xiang, “Mobile mounted laser Doppler vibrometer array for acoustic landmine detection,” Proc. SPIE 5089, 665–672 (2003).

Huang, W.

W. Huang and Z. Jing, “Evaluation of focus measures in multi-focus image fusion,” Patt. Recog. Lett. 28, 493–500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, M.

Javidi, B.

Jin, H.

L. Ma, H. Wang, Y. Li, and H. Jin, “Numerical reconstruction of digital holograms for three-dimensional shape measurement,” J. Opt. A 6, 396–400 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jing, Z.

W. Huang and Z. Jing, “Evaluation of focus measures in multi-focus image fusion,” Patt. Recog. Lett. 28, 493–500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jüptner, W.

U. Schnars and W. Jüptner, Digital Holography (Springer, 2005).

Kreis, T.

T. Kreis, Handbook of Holographic Interferometry: Optical and Digital Methods (Wiley, 2005).

Lal, A.

R. Burgett, M. Bradley, M. Duncan, J. Melton, A. Lal, V. Aranchuk, C. Hess, J. Sabatier, and N. Xiang, “Mobile mounted laser Doppler vibrometer array for acoustic landmine detection,” Proc. SPIE 5089, 665–672 (2003).

Leval, J.

Li, Y.

L. Ma, H. Wang, Y. Li, and H. Jin, “Numerical reconstruction of digital holograms for three-dimensional shape measurement,” J. Opt. A 6, 396–400 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L.

L. Ma, H. Wang, Y. Li, and H. Jin, “Numerical reconstruction of digital holograms for three-dimensional shape measurement,” J. Opt. A 6, 396–400 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Melton, J.

R. Burgett, M. Bradley, M. Duncan, J. Melton, A. Lal, V. Aranchuk, C. Hess, J. Sabatier, and N. Xiang, “Mobile mounted laser Doppler vibrometer array for acoustic landmine detection,” Proc. SPIE 5089, 665–672 (2003).

Memmolo, P.

Mendoza-Santoyo, F.

R. Rodriguez-Vera, A. Avila, J. A. Rayas, and F. Mendoza-Santoyo, “Determination of mechanical vibration properties of one-dimensional structures using fringe projection method,” in CLEO Pacific Rim (Optical Society of America, 2005).

Mounier, D.

Norgia, M.

Osten, W.

Paturzo, M.

Pavillon, N.

I. Bergoënd, T. Colomb, N. Pavillon, Y. Emery, and C. Depeursinge, “Extended depth-of-field and 3D information extraction in digital holographic microscopy,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper DWB5.

Pedrini, G.

Y. Fu, G. Pedrini, and W. Osten, “Vibration measurement by temporal Fourier analyses of a digital hologram sequence,” Appl. Opt. 46, 5719–5727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Pedrini, P. H. Fröning, H. Fessler, and H. Tiziani, “Transient vibration measurements using multi-pulse digital holography,” Opt. Laser Technol. 29, 505–511 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Picart, P.

Rayas, J. A.

R. Rodriguez-Vera, A. Avila, J. A. Rayas, and F. Mendoza-Santoyo, “Determination of mechanical vibration properties of one-dimensional structures using fringe projection method,” in CLEO Pacific Rim (Optical Society of America, 2005).

Rodriguez-Vera, R.

R. Rodriguez-Vera, A. Avila, J. A. Rayas, and F. Mendoza-Santoyo, “Determination of mechanical vibration properties of one-dimensional structures using fringe projection method,” in CLEO Pacific Rim (Optical Society of America, 2005).

Sabatier, J.

R. Burgett, M. Bradley, M. Duncan, J. Melton, A. Lal, V. Aranchuk, C. Hess, J. Sabatier, and N. Xiang, “Mobile mounted laser Doppler vibrometer array for acoustic landmine detection,” Proc. SPIE 5089, 665–672 (2003).

Sabatier, J. M.

N. Xiang and J. M. Sabatier, “Land mine detection measurements using acoustic-to-seismic coupling,” Proc. SPIE 4038, 645–655 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sauter, A. M.

A. M. Sauter and L. M. Dorman, “Instrument calibration of ocean bottom seismographs,” Mar. Geophys. Res. 8, 265–275 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Schnars, U.

U. Schnars and W. Jüptner, Digital Holography (Springer, 2005).

Shearer, P. M.

P. M. Shearer, Introduction to Seismology, 2nd ed. (Cambridge, 2009).

Silvano, D.

Skatter, S.

Tachiki, M. L.

Tiziani, H.

G. Pedrini, P. H. Fröning, H. Fessler, and H. Tiziani, “Transient vibration measurements using multi-pulse digital holography,” Opt. Laser Technol. 29, 505–511 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vagh, H.

H. Vagh, V. Chhaniwal, B. Chakrabarty, and A. Anand, “Vibration analysis with pinhole confocal technique,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 116113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vest, C. M.

C. M. Vest, Holographic Interferometry (Wiley, 1979).

Wang, H.

L. Ma, H. Wang, Y. Li, and H. Jin, “Numerical reconstruction of digital holograms for three-dimensional shape measurement,” J. Opt. A 6, 396–400 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xiang, N.

R. Burgett, M. Bradley, M. Duncan, J. Melton, A. Lal, V. Aranchuk, C. Hess, J. Sabatier, and N. Xiang, “Mobile mounted laser Doppler vibrometer array for acoustic landmine detection,” Proc. SPIE 5089, 665–672 (2003).

N. Xiang and J. M. Sabatier, “Land mine detection measurements using acoustic-to-seismic coupling,” Proc. SPIE 4038, 645–655 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yatagai, T.

Appl. Opt. (4)

J. Opt. A (1)

L. Ma, H. Wang, Y. Li, and H. Jin, “Numerical reconstruction of digital holograms for three-dimensional shape measurement,” J. Opt. A 6, 396–400 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mar. Geophys. Res. (1)

A. M. Sauter and L. M. Dorman, “Instrument calibration of ocean bottom seismographs,” Mar. Geophys. Res. 8, 265–275 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

G. Pedrini, P. H. Fröning, H. Fessler, and H. Tiziani, “Transient vibration measurements using multi-pulse digital holography,” Opt. Laser Technol. 29, 505–511 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Patt. Recog. Lett. (1)

W. Huang and Z. Jing, “Evaluation of focus measures in multi-focus image fusion,” Patt. Recog. Lett. 28, 493–500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (2)

R. Burgett, M. Bradley, M. Duncan, J. Melton, A. Lal, V. Aranchuk, C. Hess, J. Sabatier, and N. Xiang, “Mobile mounted laser Doppler vibrometer array for acoustic landmine detection,” Proc. SPIE 5089, 665–672 (2003).

N. Xiang and J. M. Sabatier, “Land mine detection measurements using acoustic-to-seismic coupling,” Proc. SPIE 4038, 645–655 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

H. Vagh, V. Chhaniwal, B. Chakrabarty, and A. Anand, “Vibration analysis with pinhole confocal technique,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 116113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (10)

R. Rodriguez-Vera, A. Avila, J. A. Rayas, and F. Mendoza-Santoyo, “Determination of mechanical vibration properties of one-dimensional structures using fringe projection method,” in CLEO Pacific Rim (Optical Society of America, 2005).

R. F. Barron, Industrial Noise Control and Acoustics (Dekker, 2003).

W. Osten, Optical Inspection of Microsystems (Taylor & Francis, 2007).

P. M. Shearer, Introduction to Seismology, 2nd ed. (Cambridge, 2009).

T. Kreis, Handbook of Holographic Interferometry: Optical and Digital Methods (Wiley, 2005).

Fundamentals of vibration isolation, http://www.cvimellesgriot.com .

U. Schnars and W. Jüptner, Digital Holography (Springer, 2005).

C. M. Vest, Holographic Interferometry (Wiley, 1979).

N. Abramson, The Making and Evaluation of Holograms(Academic, 1981).

I. Bergoënd, T. Colomb, N. Pavillon, Y. Emery, and C. Depeursinge, “Extended depth-of-field and 3D information extraction in digital holographic microscopy,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper DWB5.

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: MPEG (486 KB)     

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Normalized plots of GLVA versus time for different vibration frequencies. Graph A (blue): 0.5 Hz; Graph B (red): 1 Hz; and, Graph C (green): 12 Hz. An audio speaker is placed on the optical table and low-frequency vibrations are produced using a signal generator. High GLVA values correspond to high-contrast fringes [inset (a)] while low GLVA values correspond to low-contrast fringes [inset (b)].

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Normalized plots of the GLVA values versus time for varying vibration amplitude based on the minimum volume level of the audio speaker. Graph A (blue): 1×; Graph B (red): 2×; and, Graph C (green): 3×. The frequency of vibration is fixed at 6 Hz.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Composite plot of the GLVA values versus time for the various vibration events. Graph A: no force was applied on the setup; Graph B: a surge of air current was directed over the setup; Graph C: two foot stomps on the laboratory floor occurred; and, Graph D: two sound bursts from a blow horn directed toward the setup occurred. Media 1 shows an animation of Graph and a live display of the recorded interferogram sequence.

Equations (1)

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GLVA=1MNxy(g(x,y)g¯)2,

Metrics