Abstract

Generation of minimally diffracting beam arrays in the midfield region using periodic metal annular apertures is investigated. The relations between the patterns of the diffraction fields and the structural parameters of the periodic metal annular aperture are numerically analyzed. Material dependent transmission characteristics are also studied with finite difference time-domain simulation. The results reveal that the beam concentration efficiency and axial intensity uniformity have a trade-off restriction due to strong inter-aperture interference and surface plasmon mediates the transmission efficiency of the periodic annular apertures. The design criteria of the metal annular aperture to achieve the strong and uniform beam arrays are addressed.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729–787 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Tunable enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture,” Adv. Mater. 11, 860–862 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Focusing light with a single subwavelength aperture flanked by surface corrugation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4500–4502 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. T. Worthinga and W. L. Barnes, “Efficient coupling of surface plasmon polaritons to radiation using a bi-grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3035 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Finite-size nondiffracting beam from a subwavelength metallic hole with concentric dielectric gratings,” Appl. Opt. 48, G68–G72 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Seo, H. C. Kim, H. Ko, and M. Cheng, “Subwavelength proximity nanolithography using a plasmonic lens,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 2271–2276 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Ko, H. C. Kim, and M. Cheng, “Light transmission through a metallic/dielectric nano-optic lens,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 2188–2191 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. N. Breslauer, R. N. Maamari, N. A. Switz, W. A. Lam, and D. A. Fletcher, “Mobile phone based clinical microscopy for global health applications,” PLoS ONE 4, e6320 (2009).
  12. N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Seo, S. O. Isikman, I. Sencan, O. Mudanyali, T. Su, W. Bishara, A. Erlinger, and A. Ozcan, “High-throughput lensfree blood analysis on a chip,” Anal. Chem. 82, 4621–4627 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. X. Luo and T. Ishihara, “Surface plasmon resonant interference nanolithography technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4780–4782 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. J. Weber, Handbook of Optical Materials (CRC, 2003).
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    [CrossRef]
  17. G. T. D. Francia, “Super-gain antennas and optical resolving power,” Il Nuovo Cimento 9, 426–438 (1952).
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    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Ranfagni, D. Mugnai, and R. Ruggeri, “Beyond the diffraction limit: super-resolving pupils,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 2217–2222 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  20. H. I. Smith, “A proposal for maskless, zone-plate-array nanolithography,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 14, 4318–4322 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  21. P. Saari, K. Reivelt, and H. Valtna, “Ultralocalized superluminal light pulses,” Laser Physics 17, 297–301 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Seo, S. O. Isikman, I. Sencan, O. Mudanyali, T. Su, W. Bishara, A. Erlinger, and A. Ozcan, “High-throughput lensfree blood analysis on a chip,” Anal. Chem. 82, 4621–4627 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

D. N. Breslauer, R. N. Maamari, N. A. Switz, W. A. Lam, and D. A. Fletcher, “Mobile phone based clinical microscopy for global health applications,” PLoS ONE 4, e6320 (2009).

H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Finite-size nondiffracting beam from a subwavelength metallic hole with concentric dielectric gratings,” Appl. Opt. 48, G68–G72 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

H. Ko, H. C. Kim, and M. Cheng, “Light transmission through a metallic/dielectric nano-optic lens,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 2188–2191 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

P. Saari, K. Reivelt, and H. Valtna, “Ultralocalized superluminal light pulses,” Laser Physics 17, 297–301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Seo, H. C. Kim, H. Ko, and M. Cheng, “Subwavelength proximity nanolithography using a plasmonic lens,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 2271–2276 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

A. Ranfagni, D. Mugnai, and R. Ruggeri, “Beyond the diffraction limit: super-resolving pupils,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 2217–2222 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Luo and T. Ishihara, “Surface plasmon resonant interference nanolithography technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4780–4782 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Focusing light with a single subwavelength aperture flanked by surface corrugation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4500–4502 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Hohng, Y. C. Yoon, D. S. Kim, V. Malyarchuk, R. Muller, Ch. Lienaub, J. W. Park, K. H. Yoo, J. Kim, H. Y. Ryu, and Q. H. Park, “Light emission from the shadows: surface plasmon nano-optics at near and far fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3239–3241 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

P. T. Worthinga and W. L. Barnes, “Efficient coupling of surface plasmon polaritons to radiation using a bi-grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3035 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Tunable enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture,” Adv. Mater. 11, 860–862 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

H. I. Smith, “A proposal for maskless, zone-plate-array nanolithography,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 14, 4318–4322 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

1952 (1)

G. T. D. Francia, “Super-gain antennas and optical resolving power,” Il Nuovo Cimento 9, 426–438 (1952).

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. T. Worthinga and W. L. Barnes, “Efficient coupling of surface plasmon polaritons to radiation using a bi-grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3035 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bishara, W.

S. Seo, S. O. Isikman, I. Sencan, O. Mudanyali, T. Su, W. Bishara, A. Erlinger, and A. Ozcan, “High-throughput lensfree blood analysis on a chip,” Anal. Chem. 82, 4621–4627 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Breslauer, D. N.

D. N. Breslauer, R. N. Maamari, N. A. Switz, W. A. Lam, and D. A. Fletcher, “Mobile phone based clinical microscopy for global health applications,” PLoS ONE 4, e6320 (2009).

Cheng, M.

H. Ko, H. C. Kim, and M. Cheng, “Light transmission through a metallic/dielectric nano-optic lens,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 2188–2191 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Seo, H. C. Kim, H. Ko, and M. Cheng, “Subwavelength proximity nanolithography using a plasmonic lens,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 2271–2276 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Degiron, A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, E.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Focusing light with a single subwavelength aperture flanked by surface corrugation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4500–4502 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Tunable enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture,” Adv. Mater. 11, 860–862 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Erlinger, A.

S. Seo, S. O. Isikman, I. Sencan, O. Mudanyali, T. Su, W. Bishara, A. Erlinger, and A. Ozcan, “High-throughput lensfree blood analysis on a chip,” Anal. Chem. 82, 4621–4627 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fang, N.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fletcher, D. A.

D. N. Breslauer, R. N. Maamari, N. A. Switz, W. A. Lam, and D. A. Fletcher, “Mobile phone based clinical microscopy for global health applications,” PLoS ONE 4, e6320 (2009).

Francia, G. T. D.

G. T. D. Francia, “Super-gain antennas and optical resolving power,” Il Nuovo Cimento 9, 426–438 (1952).

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Focusing light with a single subwavelength aperture flanked by surface corrugation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4500–4502 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grupp, D. E.

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Tunable enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture,” Adv. Mater. 11, 860–862 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Harris, J. L.

Hohng, S. C.

S. C. Hohng, Y. C. Yoon, D. S. Kim, V. Malyarchuk, R. Muller, Ch. Lienaub, J. W. Park, K. H. Yoo, J. Kim, H. Y. Ryu, and Q. H. Park, “Light emission from the shadows: surface plasmon nano-optics at near and far fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3239–3241 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ishihara, T.

X. Luo and T. Ishihara, “Surface plasmon resonant interference nanolithography technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4780–4782 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Isikman, S. O.

S. Seo, S. O. Isikman, I. Sencan, O. Mudanyali, T. Su, W. Bishara, A. Erlinger, and A. Ozcan, “High-throughput lensfree blood analysis on a chip,” Anal. Chem. 82, 4621–4627 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. S.

S. C. Hohng, Y. C. Yoon, D. S. Kim, V. Malyarchuk, R. Muller, Ch. Lienaub, J. W. Park, K. H. Yoo, J. Kim, H. Y. Ryu, and Q. H. Park, “Light emission from the shadows: surface plasmon nano-optics at near and far fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3239–3241 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

Kim, H. C.

H. Ko, H. C. Kim, and M. Cheng, “Light transmission through a metallic/dielectric nano-optic lens,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 2188–2191 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Seo, H. C. Kim, H. Ko, and M. Cheng, “Subwavelength proximity nanolithography using a plasmonic lens,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 2271–2276 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

S. C. Hohng, Y. C. Yoon, D. S. Kim, V. Malyarchuk, R. Muller, Ch. Lienaub, J. W. Park, K. H. Yoo, J. Kim, H. Y. Ryu, and Q. H. Park, “Light emission from the shadows: surface plasmon nano-optics at near and far fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3239–3241 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ko, H.

H. Ko, H. C. Kim, and M. Cheng, “Light transmission through a metallic/dielectric nano-optic lens,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 2188–2191 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Seo, H. C. Kim, H. Ko, and M. Cheng, “Subwavelength proximity nanolithography using a plasmonic lens,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 2271–2276 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuipers, L.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lam, W. A.

D. N. Breslauer, R. N. Maamari, N. A. Switz, W. A. Lam, and D. A. Fletcher, “Mobile phone based clinical microscopy for global health applications,” PLoS ONE 4, e6320 (2009).

Lee, B.

Lee, H.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Focusing light with a single subwavelength aperture flanked by surface corrugation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4500–4502 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Tunable enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture,” Adv. Mater. 11, 860–862 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lienaub, Ch.

S. C. Hohng, Y. C. Yoon, D. S. Kim, V. Malyarchuk, R. Muller, Ch. Lienaub, J. W. Park, K. H. Yoo, J. Kim, H. Y. Ryu, and Q. H. Park, “Light emission from the shadows: surface plasmon nano-optics at near and far fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3239–3241 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Linke, R. A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Luo, X.

X. Luo and T. Ishihara, “Surface plasmon resonant interference nanolithography technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4780–4782 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Maamari, R. N.

D. N. Breslauer, R. N. Maamari, N. A. Switz, W. A. Lam, and D. A. Fletcher, “Mobile phone based clinical microscopy for global health applications,” PLoS ONE 4, e6320 (2009).

Malyarchuk, V.

S. C. Hohng, Y. C. Yoon, D. S. Kim, V. Malyarchuk, R. Muller, Ch. Lienaub, J. W. Park, K. H. Yoo, J. Kim, H. Y. Ryu, and Q. H. Park, “Light emission from the shadows: surface plasmon nano-optics at near and far fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3239–3241 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Moreno, L.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Focusing light with a single subwavelength aperture flanked by surface corrugation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4500–4502 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mudanyali, O.

S. Seo, S. O. Isikman, I. Sencan, O. Mudanyali, T. Su, W. Bishara, A. Erlinger, and A. Ozcan, “High-throughput lensfree blood analysis on a chip,” Anal. Chem. 82, 4621–4627 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mugnai, D.

A. Ranfagni, D. Mugnai, and R. Ruggeri, “Beyond the diffraction limit: super-resolving pupils,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 2217–2222 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Muller, R.

S. C. Hohng, Y. C. Yoon, D. S. Kim, V. Malyarchuk, R. Muller, Ch. Lienaub, J. W. Park, K. H. Yoo, J. Kim, H. Y. Ryu, and Q. H. Park, “Light emission from the shadows: surface plasmon nano-optics at near and far fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3239–3241 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ozcan, A.

S. Seo, S. O. Isikman, I. Sencan, O. Mudanyali, T. Su, W. Bishara, A. Erlinger, and A. Ozcan, “High-throughput lensfree blood analysis on a chip,” Anal. Chem. 82, 4621–4627 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.

Park, J. W.

S. C. Hohng, Y. C. Yoon, D. S. Kim, V. Malyarchuk, R. Muller, Ch. Lienaub, J. W. Park, K. H. Yoo, J. Kim, H. Y. Ryu, and Q. H. Park, “Light emission from the shadows: surface plasmon nano-optics at near and far fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3239–3241 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Park, Q. H.

S. C. Hohng, Y. C. Yoon, D. S. Kim, V. Malyarchuk, R. Muller, Ch. Lienaub, J. W. Park, K. H. Yoo, J. Kim, H. Y. Ryu, and Q. H. Park, “Light emission from the shadows: surface plasmon nano-optics at near and far fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3239–3241 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ranfagni, A.

A. Ranfagni, D. Mugnai, and R. Ruggeri, “Beyond the diffraction limit: super-resolving pupils,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 2217–2222 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reivelt, K.

P. Saari, K. Reivelt, and H. Valtna, “Ultralocalized superluminal light pulses,” Laser Physics 17, 297–301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ruggeri, R.

A. Ranfagni, D. Mugnai, and R. Ruggeri, “Beyond the diffraction limit: super-resolving pupils,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 2217–2222 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, H. Y.

S. C. Hohng, Y. C. Yoon, D. S. Kim, V. Malyarchuk, R. Muller, Ch. Lienaub, J. W. Park, K. H. Yoo, J. Kim, H. Y. Ryu, and Q. H. Park, “Light emission from the shadows: surface plasmon nano-optics at near and far fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3239–3241 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Saari, P.

P. Saari, K. Reivelt, and H. Valtna, “Ultralocalized superluminal light pulses,” Laser Physics 17, 297–301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sencan, I.

S. Seo, S. O. Isikman, I. Sencan, O. Mudanyali, T. Su, W. Bishara, A. Erlinger, and A. Ozcan, “High-throughput lensfree blood analysis on a chip,” Anal. Chem. 82, 4621–4627 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Seo, S.

S. Seo, S. O. Isikman, I. Sencan, O. Mudanyali, T. Su, W. Bishara, A. Erlinger, and A. Ozcan, “High-throughput lensfree blood analysis on a chip,” Anal. Chem. 82, 4621–4627 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Seo, H. C. Kim, H. Ko, and M. Cheng, “Subwavelength proximity nanolithography using a plasmonic lens,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 2271–2276 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Smith, H. I.

H. I. Smith, “A proposal for maskless, zone-plate-array nanolithography,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 14, 4318–4322 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Su, T.

S. Seo, S. O. Isikman, I. Sencan, O. Mudanyali, T. Su, W. Bishara, A. Erlinger, and A. Ozcan, “High-throughput lensfree blood analysis on a chip,” Anal. Chem. 82, 4621–4627 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Switz, N. A.

D. N. Breslauer, R. N. Maamari, N. A. Switz, W. A. Lam, and D. A. Fletcher, “Mobile phone based clinical microscopy for global health applications,” PLoS ONE 4, e6320 (2009).

Thio, T.

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Tunable enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture,” Adv. Mater. 11, 860–862 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Valtna, H.

P. Saari, K. Reivelt, and H. Valtna, “Ultralocalized superluminal light pulses,” Laser Physics 17, 297–301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, Handbook of Optical Materials (CRC, 2003).

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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