Abstract

The laser ablation fast pulse discharge plasma spectroscopy (LA-FPDPS) technique has demonstrated its validity to enhance the optical emission of laser-induced plasma. It has the potential to improve the performance of traditional LIBS measurement. Very recently, LA-FPDPS with a nanosecond pulse discharge circuit has been developed, which has a better capability to enhance the optical emission intensity of laser plasma compared with that using a microsecond pulse discharge circuit. In this paper, the effect of the discharge capacitance and discharge voltage on the optical emission of soil plasma generated by LA-FPDPS with a nanosecond pulse discharge circuit is evaluated in detail. In addition, the stability of the time delay between the laser firing and discharge, and between the discharge and optical emission, has been carefully investigated.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. A. Cremers and L. J. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley & Sons, 2006).
  2. J. D. Winefordner, I. B. Gornushkin, T. Correll, E. Gibb, B. W. Smith, and N. Omenetto, “Comparing several atomic spectrometric methods to the super stars: special emphasis on laser induced breakdown spectrometry, LIBS, a future super star,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 1061–1083 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. F. Bustamante, C. A. Rinaldi, and J. C. Ferrero, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy characterization of Ca in a soil depth profile,” Spectrochim. Acta B 57, 303–309 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Z. Martin, S. D. Wullschleger, C. T. Garten, and A. V. Palumbo, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for the environmental determination of total carbon and nitrogen in soils,” Appl. Opt. 42, 2072–2077 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Fornarini, F. Colao, R. Fantoni, V. Lazic, and V. Spizzicchino, “Calibration analysis of bronze samples by nanosecond laser induced breakdown spectroscopy: a theoretical and experimental approach,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1186–1201 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of composite samples: comparison of advanced chemometrics methods,” Anal. Chem. 78, 1462–1469 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. Bousquet, J. B. Sirven, and L. Canioni, “Towards quantitative laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy analysis of soil samples,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1582–1589 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Feng, Z. Wang, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “Study to reduce laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurement uncertainty using plasma characteristic parameters,” Spectrochim. Acta B 65, 549–556 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. St-Onge, M. Sabsabi, and P. Cielo, “Analysis of solids using laser-induced plasma spectroscopy in double-pulse mode,” Spectrochim. Acta B 53, 407–415 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Čtvrtníčkova, L. M. Cabalín, J. Laserna, and V. Kanický, “Comparison of double-pulse and single-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy techniques in the analysis of powdered samples of silicate raw materials for the brick-and-tile industry,” Spectrochim. Acta B 63, 42–50 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. I. Babushok, F. C. DeLucia, J. L. Gottfried, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double pulse laser ablation and plasma: laser induced breakdown spectroscopy signal enhancement,” Spectrochim. Acta B 61, 999–1014 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. I. Kexue, W. D. Zhou, Q. M. Shen, J. Shao, and H. G. Qian, “Signal enhancement of lead and arsenic in soil using laser ablation combined with fast electric discharge,” Spectrochim. Acta B 65, 420–424 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Li, W. Zhou, Q. Shen, B. Peng, and Z. Ren, “Laser ablation assisted spark induced breakdown spectroscopy on soil samples,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 1475–1481 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. Zhou, K. Li, Q. Shen, Q. Chen, and J. Long, “Optical emission enhancement using laser ablation combined with fast pulse discharge,” Opt. Express 18, 2573–2578 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Chen, Q. Zhang, G. Li, R. Li, and J. Zhou, “Laser ignition assisted spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy for the ultrasensitive detection of trace mercury ions in aqueous solutions,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 1969–1973 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. O. A. Nassef and H. E. Elsayed-Ali, “Spark discharge assisted laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1564–1572 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. W. Deng, Y. Liu, G. Wei, X. Li, X. Tu, L. Xie, H. Zhang, and W. Sun, “High-precision analysis of Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca ratios in corals by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 84–87 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Q. Z. Bian, J. Koch, H. Lindner, H. Berndt, R. Hergenröder, and K. Niemax, “Non-matrix matched calibration using near-IR femtosecond laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 20, 736–740 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Y. Ikeda, A. Moon, and M. Kaneko, “Development of microwave enhanced spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 49, C95–C100 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  20. W. Zhou, K. Li, X. Li, H. Qian, Jie Shao, X. F., P. Xie, and W. Liu, “Development of a nanosecond discharge-enhanced laser plasma spectroscopy, Opt. Lett. 36, 2961–2963 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  21. X Li, W. Zhou, K. Li, H. Qian, and Z. Ren, “Laser ablation fast pulse discharge plasma spectroscopy analysis of Pb, Mg and Sn in soil,” Opt. Commun. 285, 54–58 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  22. L. Sun and H. Yu, “Automatic estimation of varying continuum background emission in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 64, 278–287 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

X Li, W. Zhou, K. Li, H. Qian, and Z. Ren, “Laser ablation fast pulse discharge plasma spectroscopy analysis of Pb, Mg and Sn in soil,” Opt. Commun. 285, 54–58 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (7)

Y. Ikeda, A. Moon, and M. Kaneko, “Development of microwave enhanced spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 49, C95–C100 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Feng, Z. Wang, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “Study to reduce laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurement uncertainty using plasma characteristic parameters,” Spectrochim. Acta B 65, 549–556 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. I. Kexue, W. D. Zhou, Q. M. Shen, J. Shao, and H. G. Qian, “Signal enhancement of lead and arsenic in soil using laser ablation combined with fast electric discharge,” Spectrochim. Acta B 65, 420–424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Li, W. Zhou, Q. Shen, B. Peng, and Z. Ren, “Laser ablation assisted spark induced breakdown spectroscopy on soil samples,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 1475–1481 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhou, K. Li, Q. Shen, Q. Chen, and J. Long, “Optical emission enhancement using laser ablation combined with fast pulse discharge,” Opt. Express 18, 2573–2578 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, Q. Zhang, G. Li, R. Li, and J. Zhou, “Laser ignition assisted spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy for the ultrasensitive detection of trace mercury ions in aqueous solutions,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 1969–1973 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Deng, Y. Liu, G. Wei, X. Li, X. Tu, L. Xie, H. Zhang, and W. Sun, “High-precision analysis of Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca ratios in corals by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 84–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

L. Sun and H. Yu, “Automatic estimation of varying continuum background emission in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 64, 278–287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

T. Čtvrtníčkova, L. M. Cabalín, J. Laserna, and V. Kanický, “Comparison of double-pulse and single-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy techniques in the analysis of powdered samples of silicate raw materials for the brick-and-tile industry,” Spectrochim. Acta B 63, 42–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

B. Bousquet, J. B. Sirven, and L. Canioni, “Towards quantitative laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy analysis of soil samples,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1582–1589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of composite samples: comparison of advanced chemometrics methods,” Anal. Chem. 78, 1462–1469 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Babushok, F. C. DeLucia, J. L. Gottfried, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double pulse laser ablation and plasma: laser induced breakdown spectroscopy signal enhancement,” Spectrochim. Acta B 61, 999–1014 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

Q. Z. Bian, J. Koch, H. Lindner, H. Berndt, R. Hergenröder, and K. Niemax, “Non-matrix matched calibration using near-IR femtosecond laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 20, 736–740 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Nassef and H. E. Elsayed-Ali, “Spark discharge assisted laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1564–1572 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Fornarini, F. Colao, R. Fantoni, V. Lazic, and V. Spizzicchino, “Calibration analysis of bronze samples by nanosecond laser induced breakdown spectroscopy: a theoretical and experimental approach,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1186–1201 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. D. Winefordner, I. B. Gornushkin, T. Correll, E. Gibb, B. W. Smith, and N. Omenetto, “Comparing several atomic spectrometric methods to the super stars: special emphasis on laser induced breakdown spectrometry, LIBS, a future super star,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 1061–1083 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

M. F. Bustamante, C. A. Rinaldi, and J. C. Ferrero, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy characterization of Ca in a soil depth profile,” Spectrochim. Acta B 57, 303–309 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

L. St-Onge, M. Sabsabi, and P. Cielo, “Analysis of solids using laser-induced plasma spectroscopy in double-pulse mode,” Spectrochim. Acta B 53, 407–415 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Babushok, V. I.

V. I. Babushok, F. C. DeLucia, J. L. Gottfried, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double pulse laser ablation and plasma: laser induced breakdown spectroscopy signal enhancement,” Spectrochim. Acta B 61, 999–1014 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Berndt, H.

Q. Z. Bian, J. Koch, H. Lindner, H. Berndt, R. Hergenröder, and K. Niemax, “Non-matrix matched calibration using near-IR femtosecond laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 20, 736–740 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bian, Q. Z.

Q. Z. Bian, J. Koch, H. Lindner, H. Berndt, R. Hergenröder, and K. Niemax, “Non-matrix matched calibration using near-IR femtosecond laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 20, 736–740 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bousquet, B.

B. Bousquet, J. B. Sirven, and L. Canioni, “Towards quantitative laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy analysis of soil samples,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1582–1589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of composite samples: comparison of advanced chemometrics methods,” Anal. Chem. 78, 1462–1469 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bustamante, M. F.

M. F. Bustamante, C. A. Rinaldi, and J. C. Ferrero, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy characterization of Ca in a soil depth profile,” Spectrochim. Acta B 57, 303–309 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cabalín, L. M.

T. Čtvrtníčkova, L. M. Cabalín, J. Laserna, and V. Kanický, “Comparison of double-pulse and single-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy techniques in the analysis of powdered samples of silicate raw materials for the brick-and-tile industry,” Spectrochim. Acta B 63, 42–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Canioni, L.

B. Bousquet, J. B. Sirven, and L. Canioni, “Towards quantitative laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy analysis of soil samples,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1582–1589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of composite samples: comparison of advanced chemometrics methods,” Anal. Chem. 78, 1462–1469 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Q.

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, Q. Zhang, G. Li, R. Li, and J. Zhou, “Laser ignition assisted spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy for the ultrasensitive detection of trace mercury ions in aqueous solutions,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 1969–1973 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cielo, P.

L. St-Onge, M. Sabsabi, and P. Cielo, “Analysis of solids using laser-induced plasma spectroscopy in double-pulse mode,” Spectrochim. Acta B 53, 407–415 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Colao, F.

L. Fornarini, F. Colao, R. Fantoni, V. Lazic, and V. Spizzicchino, “Calibration analysis of bronze samples by nanosecond laser induced breakdown spectroscopy: a theoretical and experimental approach,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1186–1201 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Correll, T.

J. D. Winefordner, I. B. Gornushkin, T. Correll, E. Gibb, B. W. Smith, and N. Omenetto, “Comparing several atomic spectrometric methods to the super stars: special emphasis on laser induced breakdown spectrometry, LIBS, a future super star,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 1061–1083 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cremers, D. A.

D. A. Cremers and L. J. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley & Sons, 2006).

Ctvrtníckova, T.

T. Čtvrtníčkova, L. M. Cabalín, J. Laserna, and V. Kanický, “Comparison of double-pulse and single-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy techniques in the analysis of powdered samples of silicate raw materials for the brick-and-tile industry,” Spectrochim. Acta B 63, 42–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

DeLucia, F. C.

V. I. Babushok, F. C. DeLucia, J. L. Gottfried, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double pulse laser ablation and plasma: laser induced breakdown spectroscopy signal enhancement,” Spectrochim. Acta B 61, 999–1014 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Deng, W.

W. Deng, Y. Liu, G. Wei, X. Li, X. Tu, L. Xie, H. Zhang, and W. Sun, “High-precision analysis of Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca ratios in corals by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 84–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Elsayed-Ali, H. E.

O. A. Nassef and H. E. Elsayed-Ali, “Spark discharge assisted laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1564–1572 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F., X.

Fantoni, R.

L. Fornarini, F. Colao, R. Fantoni, V. Lazic, and V. Spizzicchino, “Calibration analysis of bronze samples by nanosecond laser induced breakdown spectroscopy: a theoretical and experimental approach,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1186–1201 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Feng, J.

J. Feng, Z. Wang, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “Study to reduce laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurement uncertainty using plasma characteristic parameters,” Spectrochim. Acta B 65, 549–556 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ferrero, J. C.

M. F. Bustamante, C. A. Rinaldi, and J. C. Ferrero, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy characterization of Ca in a soil depth profile,” Spectrochim. Acta B 57, 303–309 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fornarini, L.

L. Fornarini, F. Colao, R. Fantoni, V. Lazic, and V. Spizzicchino, “Calibration analysis of bronze samples by nanosecond laser induced breakdown spectroscopy: a theoretical and experimental approach,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1186–1201 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Garten, C. T.

Gibb, E.

J. D. Winefordner, I. B. Gornushkin, T. Correll, E. Gibb, B. W. Smith, and N. Omenetto, “Comparing several atomic spectrometric methods to the super stars: special emphasis on laser induced breakdown spectrometry, LIBS, a future super star,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 1061–1083 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gornushkin, I. B.

J. D. Winefordner, I. B. Gornushkin, T. Correll, E. Gibb, B. W. Smith, and N. Omenetto, “Comparing several atomic spectrometric methods to the super stars: special emphasis on laser induced breakdown spectrometry, LIBS, a future super star,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 1061–1083 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gottfried, J. L.

V. I. Babushok, F. C. DeLucia, J. L. Gottfried, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double pulse laser ablation and plasma: laser induced breakdown spectroscopy signal enhancement,” Spectrochim. Acta B 61, 999–1014 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hergenröder, R.

Q. Z. Bian, J. Koch, H. Lindner, H. Berndt, R. Hergenröder, and K. Niemax, “Non-matrix matched calibration using near-IR femtosecond laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 20, 736–740 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ikeda, Y.

Kaneko, M.

Kanický, V.

T. Čtvrtníčkova, L. M. Cabalín, J. Laserna, and V. Kanický, “Comparison of double-pulse and single-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy techniques in the analysis of powdered samples of silicate raw materials for the brick-and-tile industry,” Spectrochim. Acta B 63, 42–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kexue, L. I.

L. I. Kexue, W. D. Zhou, Q. M. Shen, J. Shao, and H. G. Qian, “Signal enhancement of lead and arsenic in soil using laser ablation combined with fast electric discharge,” Spectrochim. Acta B 65, 420–424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Koch, J.

Q. Z. Bian, J. Koch, H. Lindner, H. Berndt, R. Hergenröder, and K. Niemax, “Non-matrix matched calibration using near-IR femtosecond laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 20, 736–740 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Laserna, J.

T. Čtvrtníčkova, L. M. Cabalín, J. Laserna, and V. Kanický, “Comparison of double-pulse and single-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy techniques in the analysis of powdered samples of silicate raw materials for the brick-and-tile industry,” Spectrochim. Acta B 63, 42–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lazic, V.

L. Fornarini, F. Colao, R. Fantoni, V. Lazic, and V. Spizzicchino, “Calibration analysis of bronze samples by nanosecond laser induced breakdown spectroscopy: a theoretical and experimental approach,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1186–1201 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

Y. Chen, Q. Zhang, G. Li, R. Li, and J. Zhou, “Laser ignition assisted spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy for the ultrasensitive detection of trace mercury ions in aqueous solutions,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 1969–1973 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, K.

X Li, W. Zhou, K. Li, H. Qian, and Z. Ren, “Laser ablation fast pulse discharge plasma spectroscopy analysis of Pb, Mg and Sn in soil,” Opt. Commun. 285, 54–58 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhou, K. Li, X. Li, H. Qian, Jie Shao, X. F., P. Xie, and W. Liu, “Development of a nanosecond discharge-enhanced laser plasma spectroscopy, Opt. Lett. 36, 2961–2963 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Li, W. Zhou, Q. Shen, B. Peng, and Z. Ren, “Laser ablation assisted spark induced breakdown spectroscopy on soil samples,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 1475–1481 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhou, K. Li, Q. Shen, Q. Chen, and J. Long, “Optical emission enhancement using laser ablation combined with fast pulse discharge,” Opt. Express 18, 2573–2578 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.

Y. Chen, Q. Zhang, G. Li, R. Li, and J. Zhou, “Laser ignition assisted spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy for the ultrasensitive detection of trace mercury ions in aqueous solutions,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 1969–1973 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, X

X Li, W. Zhou, K. Li, H. Qian, and Z. Ren, “Laser ablation fast pulse discharge plasma spectroscopy analysis of Pb, Mg and Sn in soil,” Opt. Commun. 285, 54–58 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

W. Zhou, K. Li, X. Li, H. Qian, Jie Shao, X. F., P. Xie, and W. Liu, “Development of a nanosecond discharge-enhanced laser plasma spectroscopy, Opt. Lett. 36, 2961–2963 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Deng, Y. Liu, G. Wei, X. Li, X. Tu, L. Xie, H. Zhang, and W. Sun, “High-precision analysis of Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca ratios in corals by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 84–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

J. Feng, Z. Wang, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “Study to reduce laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurement uncertainty using plasma characteristic parameters,” Spectrochim. Acta B 65, 549–556 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lindner, H.

Q. Z. Bian, J. Koch, H. Lindner, H. Berndt, R. Hergenröder, and K. Niemax, “Non-matrix matched calibration using near-IR femtosecond laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 20, 736–740 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

Liu, Y.

W. Deng, Y. Liu, G. Wei, X. Li, X. Tu, L. Xie, H. Zhang, and W. Sun, “High-precision analysis of Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca ratios in corals by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 84–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Long, J.

Martin, M. Z.

Miziolek, A. W.

V. I. Babushok, F. C. DeLucia, J. L. Gottfried, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double pulse laser ablation and plasma: laser induced breakdown spectroscopy signal enhancement,” Spectrochim. Acta B 61, 999–1014 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Moon, A.

Munson, C. A.

V. I. Babushok, F. C. DeLucia, J. L. Gottfried, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double pulse laser ablation and plasma: laser induced breakdown spectroscopy signal enhancement,” Spectrochim. Acta B 61, 999–1014 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nassef, O. A.

O. A. Nassef and H. E. Elsayed-Ali, “Spark discharge assisted laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1564–1572 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ni, W.

J. Feng, Z. Wang, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “Study to reduce laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurement uncertainty using plasma characteristic parameters,” Spectrochim. Acta B 65, 549–556 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Niemax, K.

Q. Z. Bian, J. Koch, H. Lindner, H. Berndt, R. Hergenröder, and K. Niemax, “Non-matrix matched calibration using near-IR femtosecond laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 20, 736–740 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Omenetto, N.

J. D. Winefordner, I. B. Gornushkin, T. Correll, E. Gibb, B. W. Smith, and N. Omenetto, “Comparing several atomic spectrometric methods to the super stars: special emphasis on laser induced breakdown spectrometry, LIBS, a future super star,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 1061–1083 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Palumbo, A. V.

Peng, B.

K. Li, W. Zhou, Q. Shen, B. Peng, and Z. Ren, “Laser ablation assisted spark induced breakdown spectroscopy on soil samples,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 1475–1481 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qian, H.

X Li, W. Zhou, K. Li, H. Qian, and Z. Ren, “Laser ablation fast pulse discharge plasma spectroscopy analysis of Pb, Mg and Sn in soil,” Opt. Commun. 285, 54–58 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhou, K. Li, X. Li, H. Qian, Jie Shao, X. F., P. Xie, and W. Liu, “Development of a nanosecond discharge-enhanced laser plasma spectroscopy, Opt. Lett. 36, 2961–2963 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Qian, H. G.

L. I. Kexue, W. D. Zhou, Q. M. Shen, J. Shao, and H. G. Qian, “Signal enhancement of lead and arsenic in soil using laser ablation combined with fast electric discharge,” Spectrochim. Acta B 65, 420–424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Radziemski, L. J.

D. A. Cremers and L. J. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley & Sons, 2006).

Ren, Z.

X Li, W. Zhou, K. Li, H. Qian, and Z. Ren, “Laser ablation fast pulse discharge plasma spectroscopy analysis of Pb, Mg and Sn in soil,” Opt. Commun. 285, 54–58 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Li, W. Zhou, Q. Shen, B. Peng, and Z. Ren, “Laser ablation assisted spark induced breakdown spectroscopy on soil samples,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 1475–1481 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rinaldi, C. A.

M. F. Bustamante, C. A. Rinaldi, and J. C. Ferrero, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy characterization of Ca in a soil depth profile,” Spectrochim. Acta B 57, 303–309 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sabsabi, M.

L. St-Onge, M. Sabsabi, and P. Cielo, “Analysis of solids using laser-induced plasma spectroscopy in double-pulse mode,” Spectrochim. Acta B 53, 407–415 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sarger, L.

J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of composite samples: comparison of advanced chemometrics methods,” Anal. Chem. 78, 1462–1469 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shao, J.

L. I. Kexue, W. D. Zhou, Q. M. Shen, J. Shao, and H. G. Qian, “Signal enhancement of lead and arsenic in soil using laser ablation combined with fast electric discharge,” Spectrochim. Acta B 65, 420–424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Jie

Shen, Q.

W. Zhou, K. Li, Q. Shen, Q. Chen, and J. Long, “Optical emission enhancement using laser ablation combined with fast pulse discharge,” Opt. Express 18, 2573–2578 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Li, W. Zhou, Q. Shen, B. Peng, and Z. Ren, “Laser ablation assisted spark induced breakdown spectroscopy on soil samples,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 1475–1481 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Q. M.

L. I. Kexue, W. D. Zhou, Q. M. Shen, J. Shao, and H. G. Qian, “Signal enhancement of lead and arsenic in soil using laser ablation combined with fast electric discharge,” Spectrochim. Acta B 65, 420–424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sirven, J. B.

B. Bousquet, J. B. Sirven, and L. Canioni, “Towards quantitative laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy analysis of soil samples,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1582–1589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of composite samples: comparison of advanced chemometrics methods,” Anal. Chem. 78, 1462–1469 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smith, B. W.

J. D. Winefordner, I. B. Gornushkin, T. Correll, E. Gibb, B. W. Smith, and N. Omenetto, “Comparing several atomic spectrometric methods to the super stars: special emphasis on laser induced breakdown spectrometry, LIBS, a future super star,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 1061–1083 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Spizzicchino, V.

L. Fornarini, F. Colao, R. Fantoni, V. Lazic, and V. Spizzicchino, “Calibration analysis of bronze samples by nanosecond laser induced breakdown spectroscopy: a theoretical and experimental approach,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1186–1201 (2005).
[CrossRef]

St-Onge, L.

L. St-Onge, M. Sabsabi, and P. Cielo, “Analysis of solids using laser-induced plasma spectroscopy in double-pulse mode,” Spectrochim. Acta B 53, 407–415 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sun, L.

L. Sun and H. Yu, “Automatic estimation of varying continuum background emission in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 64, 278–287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sun, W.

W. Deng, Y. Liu, G. Wei, X. Li, X. Tu, L. Xie, H. Zhang, and W. Sun, “High-precision analysis of Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca ratios in corals by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 84–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tu, X.

W. Deng, Y. Liu, G. Wei, X. Li, X. Tu, L. Xie, H. Zhang, and W. Sun, “High-precision analysis of Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca ratios in corals by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 84–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

J. Feng, Z. Wang, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “Study to reduce laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurement uncertainty using plasma characteristic parameters,” Spectrochim. Acta B 65, 549–556 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wei, G.

W. Deng, Y. Liu, G. Wei, X. Li, X. Tu, L. Xie, H. Zhang, and W. Sun, “High-precision analysis of Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca ratios in corals by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 84–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Winefordner, J. D.

J. D. Winefordner, I. B. Gornushkin, T. Correll, E. Gibb, B. W. Smith, and N. Omenetto, “Comparing several atomic spectrometric methods to the super stars: special emphasis on laser induced breakdown spectrometry, LIBS, a future super star,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 1061–1083 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wullschleger, S. D.

Xie, L.

W. Deng, Y. Liu, G. Wei, X. Li, X. Tu, L. Xie, H. Zhang, and W. Sun, “High-precision analysis of Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca ratios in corals by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 84–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xie, P.

Yu, H.

L. Sun and H. Yu, “Automatic estimation of varying continuum background emission in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 64, 278–287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

W. Deng, Y. Liu, G. Wei, X. Li, X. Tu, L. Xie, H. Zhang, and W. Sun, “High-precision analysis of Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca ratios in corals by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 84–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

Y. Chen, Q. Zhang, G. Li, R. Li, and J. Zhou, “Laser ignition assisted spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy for the ultrasensitive detection of trace mercury ions in aqueous solutions,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 1969–1973 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

Y. Chen, Q. Zhang, G. Li, R. Li, and J. Zhou, “Laser ignition assisted spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy for the ultrasensitive detection of trace mercury ions in aqueous solutions,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 1969–1973 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, W.

X Li, W. Zhou, K. Li, H. Qian, and Z. Ren, “Laser ablation fast pulse discharge plasma spectroscopy analysis of Pb, Mg and Sn in soil,” Opt. Commun. 285, 54–58 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhou, K. Li, X. Li, H. Qian, Jie Shao, X. F., P. Xie, and W. Liu, “Development of a nanosecond discharge-enhanced laser plasma spectroscopy, Opt. Lett. 36, 2961–2963 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhou, K. Li, Q. Shen, Q. Chen, and J. Long, “Optical emission enhancement using laser ablation combined with fast pulse discharge,” Opt. Express 18, 2573–2578 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Li, W. Zhou, Q. Shen, B. Peng, and Z. Ren, “Laser ablation assisted spark induced breakdown spectroscopy on soil samples,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 1475–1481 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, W. D.

L. I. Kexue, W. D. Zhou, Q. M. Shen, J. Shao, and H. G. Qian, “Signal enhancement of lead and arsenic in soil using laser ablation combined with fast electric discharge,” Spectrochim. Acta B 65, 420–424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem. (1)

J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of composite samples: comparison of advanced chemometrics methods,” Anal. Chem. 78, 1462–1469 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Anal. At. Spectrom. (5)

W. Deng, Y. Liu, G. Wei, X. Li, X. Tu, L. Xie, H. Zhang, and W. Sun, “High-precision analysis of Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca ratios in corals by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 84–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Z. Bian, J. Koch, H. Lindner, H. Berndt, R. Hergenröder, and K. Niemax, “Non-matrix matched calibration using near-IR femtosecond laser ablation inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 20, 736–740 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Li, W. Zhou, Q. Shen, B. Peng, and Z. Ren, “Laser ablation assisted spark induced breakdown spectroscopy on soil samples,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 1475–1481 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, Q. Zhang, G. Li, R. Li, and J. Zhou, “Laser ignition assisted spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy for the ultrasensitive detection of trace mercury ions in aqueous solutions,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 1969–1973 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Winefordner, I. B. Gornushkin, T. Correll, E. Gibb, B. W. Smith, and N. Omenetto, “Comparing several atomic spectrometric methods to the super stars: special emphasis on laser induced breakdown spectrometry, LIBS, a future super star,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 1061–1083 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

X Li, W. Zhou, K. Li, H. Qian, and Z. Ren, “Laser ablation fast pulse discharge plasma spectroscopy analysis of Pb, Mg and Sn in soil,” Opt. Commun. 285, 54–58 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Spectrochim. Acta B (10)

O. A. Nassef and H. E. Elsayed-Ali, “Spark discharge assisted laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1564–1572 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Bustamante, C. A. Rinaldi, and J. C. Ferrero, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy characterization of Ca in a soil depth profile,” Spectrochim. Acta B 57, 303–309 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Fornarini, F. Colao, R. Fantoni, V. Lazic, and V. Spizzicchino, “Calibration analysis of bronze samples by nanosecond laser induced breakdown spectroscopy: a theoretical and experimental approach,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1186–1201 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Bousquet, J. B. Sirven, and L. Canioni, “Towards quantitative laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy analysis of soil samples,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1582–1589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Feng, Z. Wang, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “Study to reduce laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurement uncertainty using plasma characteristic parameters,” Spectrochim. Acta B 65, 549–556 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. St-Onge, M. Sabsabi, and P. Cielo, “Analysis of solids using laser-induced plasma spectroscopy in double-pulse mode,” Spectrochim. Acta B 53, 407–415 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Čtvrtníčkova, L. M. Cabalín, J. Laserna, and V. Kanický, “Comparison of double-pulse and single-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy techniques in the analysis of powdered samples of silicate raw materials for the brick-and-tile industry,” Spectrochim. Acta B 63, 42–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Babushok, F. C. DeLucia, J. L. Gottfried, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double pulse laser ablation and plasma: laser induced breakdown spectroscopy signal enhancement,” Spectrochim. Acta B 61, 999–1014 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. I. Kexue, W. D. Zhou, Q. M. Shen, J. Shao, and H. G. Qian, “Signal enhancement of lead and arsenic in soil using laser ablation combined with fast electric discharge,” Spectrochim. Acta B 65, 420–424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Sun and H. Yu, “Automatic estimation of varying continuum background emission in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 64, 278–287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

D. A. Cremers and L. J. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley & Sons, 2006).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Discharge waveforms at different discharge capacitance.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Single-pulse LIBS and the LA-FPDPS spectra of soil plasma using different discharge capacitance.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Expanded LA-FPDPS spectra of soil plasma using different discharge capacitance.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Upper panel, LA-FPDPS of soil using 6.5 and 9.5 kV discharge voltage. Lower panel, expanded spectra shown in upper panel.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Time delay between laser firing and discharge at discharge voltage of 10 kV, measured using a fast photodiode and displayed on a digital oscillograph.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Variation of delay time between laser firing and discharge at 35 repeating measurements; the discharge voltage is 10 kV.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Time delay between laser firing and discharge at different discharge voltage, the error bar is the standard deviation of delay time at each specific discharge voltage.

Equations (2)

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Vc(t)=Aexp(tτcos(ωt+φ)).
τ=2LR,andω=1LC1R2C4L.

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