Abstract

Dual-energy computed tomography (CT) scanning is a rapidly emerging imaging technique employed in nondestructive evaluation of various materials. CT has been used for characterizing rocks and visualizing multiphase flow through rocks for over 25 years. The most common technique for dual-energy CT scanning relies on homogeneous calibration standards to produce the most accurate decoupled data. However, the use of calibration standards with impurities increases the probability of error in the reconstructed data and results in poor rock characterization. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy was used to determine impurity concentration in a set of commercially purchased calibration standards used in dual-energy scanning for material identification with coal samples. Two calibration models were developed by using univariate calibration with the internal ratio method and multiple linear regression. Seven elements (Al, Fe, Mg, Na, Ni, Sr, and Ti) were examined in five different samples containing varying amounts of each ion to compare calibration from univariate data analysis and from multivariate data analysis. The contaminant concentrations were also measured by a commercially available inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy instrument, and the data were used as a reference in developing calibration curves for a modified version of the single linear regression model and the multiple linear regression model.

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2011

K. K. Ayyalasomayajula, V. Dikshit, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, and L. T. Smith, “Quantitative analysis of slurry sample by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 400, 3315–3322 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009

M. M. Tripathi, K. E. Eseller, F. Y. Yueh, and J. P. Singh, “Multivariate calibration of spectra obtained by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy of plutonium oxide surrogate residues,” Spectrochim. Acta B 64, 1212–1218 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

J. Anzano, R.-J. Lasheras, B. Bonilla, and J. Casas, “Classification of polymers by determining of C1:C2:CN:H:N:O ratios by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS),” Polym. Testing 27, 705–710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

S. Gaspard, M. Oujja, E. Rebollar, C. Abrusci, F. Catalina, and M. Castillejo, “Characterization of cinematographic films by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1612–1617 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Gottfried, F. C. De, Jr. Lucia, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double-pulse standoff laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for versatile hazardous materials detection,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1405–1411 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Carmona, M. Oujja, S. Gaspard, M. García-Heras, M. A. Villegas, and M. Castillejo, “Lead determination in glasses by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 94–100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Gondal and M. N. Siddiqui, “Identification of different kinds of plastics using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for waste management,” J. Environ. Sci. Health A 42, 1989–1997 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Z. Martin, N. Labbé, N. André, R. Harris, M. Ebinger, S. D. Wullschleger, and A. A. Vass, “High resolution applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for environmental and forensic applications,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1426–1432 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

J. M. Anzano, M. E. Casanova, M. S. Bermude, and R. J. Lasheras, “Rapid characterization of plastics using laser-induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS),” Polym. Testing 25, 623–627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

A. J. Lopez, G. Nicolas, M. P. Mateo, V. Pinon, M. J. Tobar, and A. Ramil, “Compositional analysis of Hispanic terra sigillata by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1149–1154 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001

J. C. Jain, C. R. Neal, and J. M. Hanchar, “Identification and removal of fluoride interferences in determination of rare-earth elements in zircon by ICP-MS,” Geostandards Newsletter 25, 229–237 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Schneegurt, J. C. Jain, J. A. Menicuccu, S. Brown, D. F. Garafalo, M. Quallick, C. R. Neal, and C. F. Kulpa, “Biomass products for the remediation of wastewaters contaminated with toxic metals,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 35, 3786–3791 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. M. Anzano, I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, and J. D. Winefordner, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for plastic identification,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 40, 2423–2429 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997

C. Chaleard, P. Mauchien, N. Andre, J. Uebbing, J.-L. Lacour, and C. Geertsen, “Correction of matrix effects in quantitative elemental analysis with laser ablation optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 183–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1987

S. L. Wellington and H. J. Vinegar, “X-ray computerized tomography,” J. Pet. Technol. 39, 885–898 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Abrusci, C.

S. Gaspard, M. Oujja, E. Rebollar, C. Abrusci, F. Catalina, and M. Castillejo, “Characterization of cinematographic films by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1612–1617 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Andre, N.

C. Chaleard, P. Mauchien, N. Andre, J. Uebbing, J.-L. Lacour, and C. Geertsen, “Correction of matrix effects in quantitative elemental analysis with laser ablation optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 183–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

André, N.

M. Z. Martin, N. Labbé, N. André, R. Harris, M. Ebinger, S. D. Wullschleger, and A. A. Vass, “High resolution applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for environmental and forensic applications,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1426–1432 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Anzano, J.

J. Anzano, R.-J. Lasheras, B. Bonilla, and J. Casas, “Classification of polymers by determining of C1:C2:CN:H:N:O ratios by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS),” Polym. Testing 27, 705–710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Anzano, J. M.

J. M. Anzano, M. E. Casanova, M. S. Bermude, and R. J. Lasheras, “Rapid characterization of plastics using laser-induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS),” Polym. Testing 25, 623–627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Anzano, I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, and J. D. Winefordner, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for plastic identification,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 40, 2423–2429 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ayyalasomayajula, K. K.

K. K. Ayyalasomayajula, V. Dikshit, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, and L. T. Smith, “Quantitative analysis of slurry sample by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 400, 3315–3322 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bermude, M. S.

J. M. Anzano, M. E. Casanova, M. S. Bermude, and R. J. Lasheras, “Rapid characterization of plastics using laser-induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS),” Polym. Testing 25, 623–627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bonilla, B.

J. Anzano, R.-J. Lasheras, B. Bonilla, and J. Casas, “Classification of polymers by determining of C1:C2:CN:H:N:O ratios by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS),” Polym. Testing 27, 705–710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brown, S.

M. A. Schneegurt, J. C. Jain, J. A. Menicuccu, S. Brown, D. F. Garafalo, M. Quallick, C. R. Neal, and C. F. Kulpa, “Biomass products for the remediation of wastewaters contaminated with toxic metals,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 35, 3786–3791 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Carmona, N.

N. Carmona, M. Oujja, S. Gaspard, M. García-Heras, M. A. Villegas, and M. Castillejo, “Lead determination in glasses by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 94–100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Casanova, M. E.

J. M. Anzano, M. E. Casanova, M. S. Bermude, and R. J. Lasheras, “Rapid characterization of plastics using laser-induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS),” Polym. Testing 25, 623–627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Casas, J.

J. Anzano, R.-J. Lasheras, B. Bonilla, and J. Casas, “Classification of polymers by determining of C1:C2:CN:H:N:O ratios by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS),” Polym. Testing 27, 705–710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Castillejo, M.

S. Gaspard, M. Oujja, E. Rebollar, C. Abrusci, F. Catalina, and M. Castillejo, “Characterization of cinematographic films by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1612–1617 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Carmona, M. Oujja, S. Gaspard, M. García-Heras, M. A. Villegas, and M. Castillejo, “Lead determination in glasses by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 94–100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Catalina, F.

S. Gaspard, M. Oujja, E. Rebollar, C. Abrusci, F. Catalina, and M. Castillejo, “Characterization of cinematographic films by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1612–1617 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chaleard, C.

C. Chaleard, P. Mauchien, N. Andre, J. Uebbing, J.-L. Lacour, and C. Geertsen, “Correction of matrix effects in quantitative elemental analysis with laser ablation optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 183–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cremers, D. A.

De, F. C.

J. L. Gottfried, F. C. De, Jr. Lucia, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double-pulse standoff laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for versatile hazardous materials detection,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1405–1411 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dikshit, V.

K. K. Ayyalasomayajula, V. Dikshit, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, and L. T. Smith, “Quantitative analysis of slurry sample by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 400, 3315–3322 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ebinger, M.

M. Z. Martin, N. Labbé, N. André, R. Harris, M. Ebinger, S. D. Wullschleger, and A. A. Vass, “High resolution applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for environmental and forensic applications,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1426–1432 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Eppler, A. S.

Esbensen, K. H.

K. H. Esbensen, Multivariate Data Analysis in Practice, 5th ed. (Camo Inc., 2004).

Eseller, K. E.

M. M. Tripathi, K. E. Eseller, F. Y. Yueh, and J. P. Singh, “Multivariate calibration of spectra obtained by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy of plutonium oxide surrogate residues,” Spectrochim. Acta B 64, 1212–1218 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ferris, M. J.

Garafalo, D. F.

M. A. Schneegurt, J. C. Jain, J. A. Menicuccu, S. Brown, D. F. Garafalo, M. Quallick, C. R. Neal, and C. F. Kulpa, “Biomass products for the remediation of wastewaters contaminated with toxic metals,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 35, 3786–3791 (2001).
[CrossRef]

García-Heras, M.

N. Carmona, M. Oujja, S. Gaspard, M. García-Heras, M. A. Villegas, and M. Castillejo, “Lead determination in glasses by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 94–100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gaspard, S.

S. Gaspard, M. Oujja, E. Rebollar, C. Abrusci, F. Catalina, and M. Castillejo, “Characterization of cinematographic films by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1612–1617 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Carmona, M. Oujja, S. Gaspard, M. García-Heras, M. A. Villegas, and M. Castillejo, “Lead determination in glasses by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 94–100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Geertsen, C.

C. Chaleard, P. Mauchien, N. Andre, J. Uebbing, J.-L. Lacour, and C. Geertsen, “Correction of matrix effects in quantitative elemental analysis with laser ablation optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 183–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gondal, M. A.

M. A. Gondal and M. N. Siddiqui, “Identification of different kinds of plastics using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for waste management,” J. Environ. Sci. Health A 42, 1989–1997 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gornushkin, I. B.

J. M. Anzano, I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, and J. D. Winefordner, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for plastic identification,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 40, 2423–2429 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gottfried, J. L.

J. L. Gottfried, F. C. De, Jr. Lucia, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double-pulse standoff laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for versatile hazardous materials detection,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1405–1411 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hanchar, J. M.

J. C. Jain, C. R. Neal, and J. M. Hanchar, “Identification and removal of fluoride interferences in determination of rare-earth elements in zircon by ICP-MS,” Geostandards Newsletter 25, 229–237 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Harris, R.

M. Z. Martin, N. Labbé, N. André, R. Harris, M. Ebinger, S. D. Wullschleger, and A. A. Vass, “High resolution applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for environmental and forensic applications,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1426–1432 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hickmott, D. D.

Jain, J. C.

M. A. Schneegurt, J. C. Jain, J. A. Menicuccu, S. Brown, D. F. Garafalo, M. Quallick, C. R. Neal, and C. F. Kulpa, “Biomass products for the remediation of wastewaters contaminated with toxic metals,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 35, 3786–3791 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Jain, C. R. Neal, and J. M. Hanchar, “Identification and removal of fluoride interferences in determination of rare-earth elements in zircon by ICP-MS,” Geostandards Newsletter 25, 229–237 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Khamees, A. A.

S. Siddiqui and A. A. Khamees, “Dual-energy CT-scanning applications in rock characterization,” in SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition (Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2004), paper 90520-MS.

Koskelo, A. C.

Kulpa, C. F.

M. A. Schneegurt, J. C. Jain, J. A. Menicuccu, S. Brown, D. F. Garafalo, M. Quallick, C. R. Neal, and C. F. Kulpa, “Biomass products for the remediation of wastewaters contaminated with toxic metals,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 35, 3786–3791 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Labbé, N.

M. Z. Martin, N. Labbé, N. André, R. Harris, M. Ebinger, S. D. Wullschleger, and A. A. Vass, “High resolution applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for environmental and forensic applications,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1426–1432 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lacour, J.-L.

C. Chaleard, P. Mauchien, N. Andre, J. Uebbing, J.-L. Lacour, and C. Geertsen, “Correction of matrix effects in quantitative elemental analysis with laser ablation optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 183–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lasheras, R. J.

J. M. Anzano, M. E. Casanova, M. S. Bermude, and R. J. Lasheras, “Rapid characterization of plastics using laser-induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS),” Polym. Testing 25, 623–627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lasheras, R.-J.

J. Anzano, R.-J. Lasheras, B. Bonilla, and J. Casas, “Classification of polymers by determining of C1:C2:CN:H:N:O ratios by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS),” Polym. Testing 27, 705–710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lopez, A. J.

A. J. Lopez, G. Nicolas, M. P. Mateo, V. Pinon, M. J. Tobar, and A. Ramil, “Compositional analysis of Hispanic terra sigillata by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1149–1154 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lucia, Jr.

J. L. Gottfried, F. C. De, Jr. Lucia, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double-pulse standoff laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for versatile hazardous materials detection,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1405–1411 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martin, M. Z.

M. Z. Martin, N. Labbé, N. André, R. Harris, M. Ebinger, S. D. Wullschleger, and A. A. Vass, “High resolution applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for environmental and forensic applications,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1426–1432 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mateo, M. P.

A. J. Lopez, G. Nicolas, M. P. Mateo, V. Pinon, M. J. Tobar, and A. Ramil, “Compositional analysis of Hispanic terra sigillata by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1149–1154 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mauchien, P.

C. Chaleard, P. Mauchien, N. Andre, J. Uebbing, J.-L. Lacour, and C. Geertsen, “Correction of matrix effects in quantitative elemental analysis with laser ablation optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 183–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Menicuccu, J. A.

M. A. Schneegurt, J. C. Jain, J. A. Menicuccu, S. Brown, D. F. Garafalo, M. Quallick, C. R. Neal, and C. F. Kulpa, “Biomass products for the remediation of wastewaters contaminated with toxic metals,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 35, 3786–3791 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Miziolek, A. W.

J. L. Gottfried, F. C. De, Jr. Lucia, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double-pulse standoff laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for versatile hazardous materials detection,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1405–1411 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Miziolek, V. Palleschi, and I. Schechter, Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS): Fundamentals and Applications (Cambridge University, 2006).

Munson, C. A.

J. L. Gottfried, F. C. De, Jr. Lucia, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double-pulse standoff laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for versatile hazardous materials detection,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1405–1411 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Neal, C. R.

J. C. Jain, C. R. Neal, and J. M. Hanchar, “Identification and removal of fluoride interferences in determination of rare-earth elements in zircon by ICP-MS,” Geostandards Newsletter 25, 229–237 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Schneegurt, J. C. Jain, J. A. Menicuccu, S. Brown, D. F. Garafalo, M. Quallick, C. R. Neal, and C. F. Kulpa, “Biomass products for the remediation of wastewaters contaminated with toxic metals,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 35, 3786–3791 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nicolas, G.

A. J. Lopez, G. Nicolas, M. P. Mateo, V. Pinon, M. J. Tobar, and A. Ramil, “Compositional analysis of Hispanic terra sigillata by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1149–1154 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Oujja, M.

N. Carmona, M. Oujja, S. Gaspard, M. García-Heras, M. A. Villegas, and M. Castillejo, “Lead determination in glasses by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 94–100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Gaspard, M. Oujja, E. Rebollar, C. Abrusci, F. Catalina, and M. Castillejo, “Characterization of cinematographic films by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1612–1617 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Palleschi, V.

A. W. Miziolek, V. Palleschi, and I. Schechter, Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS): Fundamentals and Applications (Cambridge University, 2006).

Pinon, V.

A. J. Lopez, G. Nicolas, M. P. Mateo, V. Pinon, M. J. Tobar, and A. Ramil, “Compositional analysis of Hispanic terra sigillata by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1149–1154 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Quallick, M.

M. A. Schneegurt, J. C. Jain, J. A. Menicuccu, S. Brown, D. F. Garafalo, M. Quallick, C. R. Neal, and C. F. Kulpa, “Biomass products for the remediation of wastewaters contaminated with toxic metals,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 35, 3786–3791 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Radziemski, L. J.

D. A. Cremers and L. J. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley, 2006).

Ramil, A.

A. J. Lopez, G. Nicolas, M. P. Mateo, V. Pinon, M. J. Tobar, and A. Ramil, “Compositional analysis of Hispanic terra sigillata by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1149–1154 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rebollar, E.

S. Gaspard, M. Oujja, E. Rebollar, C. Abrusci, F. Catalina, and M. Castillejo, “Characterization of cinematographic films by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1612–1617 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schechter, I.

A. W. Miziolek, V. Palleschi, and I. Schechter, Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS): Fundamentals and Applications (Cambridge University, 2006).

Schneegurt, M. A.

M. A. Schneegurt, J. C. Jain, J. A. Menicuccu, S. Brown, D. F. Garafalo, M. Quallick, C. R. Neal, and C. F. Kulpa, “Biomass products for the remediation of wastewaters contaminated with toxic metals,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 35, 3786–3791 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Siddiqui, M. N.

M. A. Gondal and M. N. Siddiqui, “Identification of different kinds of plastics using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for waste management,” J. Environ. Sci. Health A 42, 1989–1997 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Siddiqui, S.

S. Siddiqui and A. A. Khamees, “Dual-energy CT-scanning applications in rock characterization,” in SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition (Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2004), paper 90520-MS.

Singh, J. P.

K. K. Ayyalasomayajula, V. Dikshit, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, and L. T. Smith, “Quantitative analysis of slurry sample by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 400, 3315–3322 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Tripathi, K. E. Eseller, F. Y. Yueh, and J. P. Singh, “Multivariate calibration of spectra obtained by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy of plutonium oxide surrogate residues,” Spectrochim. Acta B 64, 1212–1218 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smith, B. W.

J. M. Anzano, I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, and J. D. Winefordner, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for plastic identification,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 40, 2423–2429 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. T.

K. K. Ayyalasomayajula, V. Dikshit, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, and L. T. Smith, “Quantitative analysis of slurry sample by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 400, 3315–3322 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tobar, M. J.

A. J. Lopez, G. Nicolas, M. P. Mateo, V. Pinon, M. J. Tobar, and A. Ramil, “Compositional analysis of Hispanic terra sigillata by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1149–1154 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tripathi, M. M.

M. M. Tripathi, K. E. Eseller, F. Y. Yueh, and J. P. Singh, “Multivariate calibration of spectra obtained by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy of plutonium oxide surrogate residues,” Spectrochim. Acta B 64, 1212–1218 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Uebbing, J.

C. Chaleard, P. Mauchien, N. Andre, J. Uebbing, J.-L. Lacour, and C. Geertsen, “Correction of matrix effects in quantitative elemental analysis with laser ablation optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 183–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vass, A. A.

M. Z. Martin, N. Labbé, N. André, R. Harris, M. Ebinger, S. D. Wullschleger, and A. A. Vass, “High resolution applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for environmental and forensic applications,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1426–1432 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Villegas, M. A.

N. Carmona, M. Oujja, S. Gaspard, M. García-Heras, M. A. Villegas, and M. Castillejo, “Lead determination in glasses by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 94–100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vinegar, H. J.

S. L. Wellington and H. J. Vinegar, “X-ray computerized tomography,” J. Pet. Technol. 39, 885–898 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Weisberg, S.

S. Weisberg, Applied Linear Regression, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 2005).

Wellington, S. L.

S. L. Wellington and H. J. Vinegar, “X-ray computerized tomography,” J. Pet. Technol. 39, 885–898 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Winefordner, J. D.

J. M. Anzano, I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, and J. D. Winefordner, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for plastic identification,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 40, 2423–2429 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wullschleger, S. D.

M. Z. Martin, N. Labbé, N. André, R. Harris, M. Ebinger, S. D. Wullschleger, and A. A. Vass, “High resolution applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for environmental and forensic applications,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1426–1432 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yueh, F. Y.

K. K. Ayyalasomayajula, V. Dikshit, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, and L. T. Smith, “Quantitative analysis of slurry sample by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 400, 3315–3322 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Tripathi, K. E. Eseller, F. Y. Yueh, and J. P. Singh, “Multivariate calibration of spectra obtained by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy of plutonium oxide surrogate residues,” Spectrochim. Acta B 64, 1212–1218 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Bioanal. Chem.

K. K. Ayyalasomayajula, V. Dikshit, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, and L. T. Smith, “Quantitative analysis of slurry sample by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 400, 3315–3322 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc.

Environ. Sci. Technol.

M. A. Schneegurt, J. C. Jain, J. A. Menicuccu, S. Brown, D. F. Garafalo, M. Quallick, C. R. Neal, and C. F. Kulpa, “Biomass products for the remediation of wastewaters contaminated with toxic metals,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 35, 3786–3791 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Geostandards Newsletter

J. C. Jain, C. R. Neal, and J. M. Hanchar, “Identification and removal of fluoride interferences in determination of rare-earth elements in zircon by ICP-MS,” Geostandards Newsletter 25, 229–237 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Anal. At. Spectrom.

C. Chaleard, P. Mauchien, N. Andre, J. Uebbing, J.-L. Lacour, and C. Geertsen, “Correction of matrix effects in quantitative elemental analysis with laser ablation optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 183–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Environ. Sci. Health A

M. A. Gondal and M. N. Siddiqui, “Identification of different kinds of plastics using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for waste management,” J. Environ. Sci. Health A 42, 1989–1997 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Pet. Technol.

S. L. Wellington and H. J. Vinegar, “X-ray computerized tomography,” J. Pet. Technol. 39, 885–898 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Polym. Eng. Sci.

J. M. Anzano, I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, and J. D. Winefordner, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for plastic identification,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 40, 2423–2429 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Polym. Testing

J. M. Anzano, M. E. Casanova, M. S. Bermude, and R. J. Lasheras, “Rapid characterization of plastics using laser-induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS),” Polym. Testing 25, 623–627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Anzano, R.-J. Lasheras, B. Bonilla, and J. Casas, “Classification of polymers by determining of C1:C2:CN:H:N:O ratios by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS),” Polym. Testing 27, 705–710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta B

M. Z. Martin, N. Labbé, N. André, R. Harris, M. Ebinger, S. D. Wullschleger, and A. A. Vass, “High resolution applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for environmental and forensic applications,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1426–1432 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Gaspard, M. Oujja, E. Rebollar, C. Abrusci, F. Catalina, and M. Castillejo, “Characterization of cinematographic films by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1612–1617 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Gottfried, F. C. De, Jr. Lucia, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double-pulse standoff laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for versatile hazardous materials detection,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 1405–1411 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Carmona, M. Oujja, S. Gaspard, M. García-Heras, M. A. Villegas, and M. Castillejo, “Lead determination in glasses by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 62, 94–100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Lopez, G. Nicolas, M. P. Mateo, V. Pinon, M. J. Tobar, and A. Ramil, “Compositional analysis of Hispanic terra sigillata by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B 60, 1149–1154 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Tripathi, K. E. Eseller, F. Y. Yueh, and J. P. Singh, “Multivariate calibration of spectra obtained by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy of plutonium oxide surrogate residues,” Spectrochim. Acta B 64, 1212–1218 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other

S. Siddiqui and A. A. Khamees, “Dual-energy CT-scanning applications in rock characterization,” in SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition (Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2004), paper 90520-MS.

D. A. Cremers and L. J. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley, 2006).

A. W. Miziolek, V. Palleschi, and I. Schechter, Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS): Fundamentals and Applications (Cambridge University, 2006).

J. P. Singh and S. N. Thakur, eds., Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Elsevier, 2007).

S. Weisberg, Applied Linear Regression, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 2005).

K. H. Esbensen, Multivariate Data Analysis in Practice, 5th ed. (Camo Inc., 2004).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

LIBS experimental setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Calibration plots developed by using UC model for (a) Al 394.40, 396.15nm/Fe438.35nm; (b) Fe371.99nm/Al309.21nm and Fe438.35nm/Al394.40nm; (c) Mg280.27nm/Sr407.77nm; and (d) Sr407.77nm/Mg280.27nm based on line-intensity ratio.

Tables (5)

Tables Icon

Table 1. ICP-OES Analysis of Elemental Concentration in Each Plastic Sample

Tables Icon

Table 2. Analyte Lines Selected for LIBS Analysis

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Table 3. RA% Values from the Modified UC Model

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Table 4. Analyte Lines Selected in MLR Model

Tables Icon

Table 5. RA% Values from the MLR Model

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Cp=b0+in(biAi),
RA(%)=|ClibsCtrue|Ctrue×100%,

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