Abstract

We propose a new solution for modal decomposition in multimode fibers, based on a spectral and spatial imaging technique. The appearance of spurious modes in the spectral and spatial processing of the images at the output of the fiber under test when it has more than two modes is demonstrated theoretically. The new method, which allows us to identify spurious modes, is more accurate, simpler, and faster than previously reported methods. For demonstration, measurements in a standard step-index multimode fiber and a small-core microstructured fiber are carried out successfully.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. M. Nguyen, S. D. Le, K. Lengle, D. Mechin, M. Thual, T. Chartier, Q. Coulombier, J. Troles, L. Bramerie, and L. Brilland, “Visual system-response functions and estimating reflectance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1844–1846 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide photonics,” Nat. Photon. 5, 141–148 (2011).
  3. O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 143902–143905 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Andermahr, T. Theeg, and C. Fallnich, “Novel approach for polarization-sensitive characterization of transversal modes in few-mode optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 353–357 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T.-J. Ahn and D. Y. Kim, “High-resolution differential mode delay measurement for a multimode optics fiber using a modified optical frequency domain reflectometer,” Opt. Express 13, 8256–8262 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Ring, D. Menashe, U. Levy, S. Steinblatt, Y. Danziger, and M. Tur, “Characterization in mode coupling in few-mode fibers using optical low-coherence reflectometry,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OWO5.
  7. J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, S. Ramachandran, and S. Ghalmi, “Spatially and spectrally resolved imaging of modal content in large-mode area fibers,” Opt. Express 16, 7233–7243 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, and M. D. Mermelstein, “Measuring the modal content of large-mode-area fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 61–70 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide photonics,” Nat. Photon. 5, 141–148 (2011).

2010 (1)

D. M. Nguyen, S. D. Le, K. Lengle, D. Mechin, M. Thual, T. Chartier, Q. Coulombier, J. Troles, L. Bramerie, and L. Brilland, “Visual system-response functions and estimating reflectance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1844–1846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, and M. D. Mermelstein, “Measuring the modal content of large-mode-area fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 61–70 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, S. Ramachandran, and S. Ghalmi, “Spatially and spectrally resolved imaging of modal content in large-mode area fibers,” Opt. Express 16, 7233–7243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Andermahr, T. Theeg, and C. Fallnich, “Novel approach for polarization-sensitive characterization of transversal modes in few-mode optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 353–357 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 143902–143905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T.-J. Ahn and D. Y. Kim, “High-resolution differential mode delay measurement for a multimode optics fiber using a modified optical frequency domain reflectometer,” Opt. Express 13, 8256–8262 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Abouraddy, A. F.

O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 143902–143905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, T.-J.

Andermahr, N.

N. Andermahr, T. Theeg, and C. Fallnich, “Novel approach for polarization-sensitive characterization of transversal modes in few-mode optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 353–357 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bramerie, L.

D. M. Nguyen, S. D. Le, K. Lengle, D. Mechin, M. Thual, T. Chartier, Q. Coulombier, J. Troles, L. Bramerie, and L. Brilland, “Visual system-response functions and estimating reflectance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1844–1846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brilland, L.

D. M. Nguyen, S. D. Le, K. Lengle, D. Mechin, M. Thual, T. Chartier, Q. Coulombier, J. Troles, L. Bramerie, and L. Brilland, “Visual system-response functions and estimating reflectance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1844–1846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chartier, T.

D. M. Nguyen, S. D. Le, K. Lengle, D. Mechin, M. Thual, T. Chartier, Q. Coulombier, J. Troles, L. Bramerie, and L. Brilland, “Visual system-response functions and estimating reflectance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1844–1846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Coulombier, Q.

D. M. Nguyen, S. D. Le, K. Lengle, D. Mechin, M. Thual, T. Chartier, Q. Coulombier, J. Troles, L. Bramerie, and L. Brilland, “Visual system-response functions and estimating reflectance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1844–1846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Danziger, Y.

S. Ring, D. Menashe, U. Levy, S. Steinblatt, Y. Danziger, and M. Tur, “Characterization in mode coupling in few-mode fibers using optical low-coherence reflectometry,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OWO5.

Eggleton, B. J.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide photonics,” Nat. Photon. 5, 141–148 (2011).

Fallnich, C.

N. Andermahr, T. Theeg, and C. Fallnich, “Novel approach for polarization-sensitive characterization of transversal modes in few-mode optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 353–357 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fini, J. M.

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, and M. D. Mermelstein, “Measuring the modal content of large-mode-area fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 61–70 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fink, Y.

O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 143902–143905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ghalmi, S.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 143902–143905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. Y.

Le, S. D.

D. M. Nguyen, S. D. Le, K. Lengle, D. Mechin, M. Thual, T. Chartier, Q. Coulombier, J. Troles, L. Bramerie, and L. Brilland, “Visual system-response functions and estimating reflectance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1844–1846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lengle, K.

D. M. Nguyen, S. D. Le, K. Lengle, D. Mechin, M. Thual, T. Chartier, Q. Coulombier, J. Troles, L. Bramerie, and L. Brilland, “Visual system-response functions and estimating reflectance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1844–1846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Levy, U.

S. Ring, D. Menashe, U. Levy, S. Steinblatt, Y. Danziger, and M. Tur, “Characterization in mode coupling in few-mode fibers using optical low-coherence reflectometry,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OWO5.

Luther-Davies, B.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide photonics,” Nat. Photon. 5, 141–148 (2011).

Mechin, D.

D. M. Nguyen, S. D. Le, K. Lengle, D. Mechin, M. Thual, T. Chartier, Q. Coulombier, J. Troles, L. Bramerie, and L. Brilland, “Visual system-response functions and estimating reflectance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1844–1846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Menashe, D.

S. Ring, D. Menashe, U. Levy, S. Steinblatt, Y. Danziger, and M. Tur, “Characterization in mode coupling in few-mode fibers using optical low-coherence reflectometry,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OWO5.

Mermelstein, M. D.

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, and M. D. Mermelstein, “Measuring the modal content of large-mode-area fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 61–70 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, D. M.

D. M. Nguyen, S. D. Le, K. Lengle, D. Mechin, M. Thual, T. Chartier, Q. Coulombier, J. Troles, L. Bramerie, and L. Brilland, “Visual system-response functions and estimating reflectance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1844–1846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, J. W.

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, and M. D. Mermelstein, “Measuring the modal content of large-mode-area fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 61–70 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, S. Ramachandran, and S. Ghalmi, “Spatially and spectrally resolved imaging of modal content in large-mode area fibers,” Opt. Express 16, 7233–7243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ramachandran, S.

Richardson, K.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide photonics,” Nat. Photon. 5, 141–148 (2011).

Ring, S.

S. Ring, D. Menashe, U. Levy, S. Steinblatt, Y. Danziger, and M. Tur, “Characterization in mode coupling in few-mode fibers using optical low-coherence reflectometry,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OWO5.

Shapira, O.

O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 143902–143905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Steinblatt, S.

S. Ring, D. Menashe, U. Levy, S. Steinblatt, Y. Danziger, and M. Tur, “Characterization in mode coupling in few-mode fibers using optical low-coherence reflectometry,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OWO5.

Theeg, T.

N. Andermahr, T. Theeg, and C. Fallnich, “Novel approach for polarization-sensitive characterization of transversal modes in few-mode optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 353–357 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thual, M.

D. M. Nguyen, S. D. Le, K. Lengle, D. Mechin, M. Thual, T. Chartier, Q. Coulombier, J. Troles, L. Bramerie, and L. Brilland, “Visual system-response functions and estimating reflectance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1844–1846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Troles, J.

D. M. Nguyen, S. D. Le, K. Lengle, D. Mechin, M. Thual, T. Chartier, Q. Coulombier, J. Troles, L. Bramerie, and L. Brilland, “Visual system-response functions and estimating reflectance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1844–1846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tur, M.

S. Ring, D. Menashe, U. Levy, S. Steinblatt, Y. Danziger, and M. Tur, “Characterization in mode coupling in few-mode fibers using optical low-coherence reflectometry,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OWO5.

Yablon, A. D.

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, and M. D. Mermelstein, “Measuring the modal content of large-mode-area fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 61–70 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, S. Ramachandran, and S. Ghalmi, “Spatially and spectrally resolved imaging of modal content in large-mode area fibers,” Opt. Express 16, 7233–7243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

N. Andermahr, T. Theeg, and C. Fallnich, “Novel approach for polarization-sensitive characterization of transversal modes in few-mode optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 353–357 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, and M. D. Mermelstein, “Measuring the modal content of large-mode-area fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 61–70 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. M. Nguyen, S. D. Le, K. Lengle, D. Mechin, M. Thual, T. Chartier, Q. Coulombier, J. Troles, L. Bramerie, and L. Brilland, “Visual system-response functions and estimating reflectance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1844–1846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (1)

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide photonics,” Nat. Photon. 5, 141–148 (2011).

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 143902–143905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. Ring, D. Menashe, U. Levy, S. Steinblatt, Y. Danziger, and M. Tur, “Characterization in mode coupling in few-mode fibers using optical low-coherence reflectometry,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OWO5.

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