Abstract

We report the experimental results on improving the detection of an ultraweak optical signal using a 355 nm pumped picosecond collinear optical parametric amplification (OPA). The OPA is seeded by the amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) generated in a solution of pyridine-1 dye in ethanol. The gain factor of this amplifier is determined as 1.5×108, and the detection limit is 1.25aJ per pulse, corresponding to five photons at 710 nm within the 15 ps pulse width of the pump beam. This is achieved by reducing superfluorescence background noise by means of signal/idler double seeding near degeneracy, amplification under a slightly phase-mismatched condition, and space filtering with increasing observation distance up to 3.2 m. Compared with previous reports, the detection limit is significantly enhanced. The pulse shape of the ASE is also measured with OPA, and it agrees well with that measured by an ultrafast oscilloscope.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, R. Wang, X. H. Chen, K. H. Luo, L. A. Wu, and J. M. Zhao, “Single-photon level ultrafast all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 151109 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (1)

Q.-L. Zhang, J. Zhang, K.-S. Qiu, D.-X. Zhang, B.-H. Feng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Generation of broadly tunable picosecond mid-infrared laser and sensitive detection of a mid-infrared signal by parametric frequency up-conversion in MgO: LiNbO3 optical parametric amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. B 21, 054213 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

Q. Ding, K. Meng, H. Yang, S. F. Wang, and Q. H. Gong, “Femtosecond noncollinear parametric amplification for ultrafast spectral dynamics,” Opt. Commun. 284, 3110–3113(2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

Q.-L. Zhang, J. Zhang, S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, B.-H. Feng, J.-Y. Zhang, and J. C. Zang, “Generation of picoseconds stimulated Raman scattering in a BaWO4 crystal and frequency up-conversion by difference-frequency generation in BBO,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 109–113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

S. Z. Fan, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, C. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, and R. J. Lan, “Comparison of various emissions from the laser dye solution under picosecond laser pulse pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7382, 738235 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B.-H. Feng, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Characterization of ultra-weak fluorescence using picosecond noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1884–1887 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Tzeng, Y. Y. Lin, C. H. Huang, J. M. Liu, H. C. Chui, H. L. Liu, J. M. Stone, J. C. Knight, and S. W. Chu, “Broadband tunable optical parametric amplification from a single 50 MHz ultrafast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17, 7304–7309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B.-H. Feng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification of stimulated Raman as high peak-power source and ultra-sensitive preamplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5014–5018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, R. Wang, X. H. Chen, K. H. Luo, L. A. Wu, and J. M. Zhao, “Single-photon level ultrafast all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 151109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

S. Brustlein, F. Devaux, and E. Lantz, “Limits of amplification of weak images,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 799–807 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Transient spectrometer for near-IR fluorescence based on parametric frequency upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

S. Brustlein, F. Devaux, and E. Lantz, “Picosecond fluorescence lifetime imaging by parametric image amplification,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 161–165 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Fita, Y. Stepanenko, and C. Radzewicz, “Femtosecond transient fluorescence spectrometer based on parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 021909 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

S. Brustlein, F. Devaux, B. Wacogne, and E. Lantz, “Fluorescence lifetime imaging on the picosecond timescale,” Laser Phys. 14, 238–242 (2004).

J.-Y. Zhang, C. K. Lee, J. Y. Huang, and C. L. Pan, “Sub femto-joule sensitive single-shot OPA-XFROG and its application in study of white-light supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 12, 574–581 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

1998 (1)

1979 (1)

R. A. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 432–444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

C. C. Wang and G. W. Racette, “Measurement of parametric gain accompanying optical difference frequency generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 169–171 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Baumgartner, R. A.

R. A. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 432–444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Brustlein, S.

S. Brustlein, E. Lantz, and F. Devaux, “Absolute radiance imaging using parametric image amplification,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1278–1280 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Brustlein, F. Devaux, and E. Lantz, “Limits of amplification of weak images,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 799–807 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Brustlein, F. Devaux, and E. Lantz, “Picosecond fluorescence lifetime imaging by parametric image amplification,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 161–165 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Brustlein, F. Devaux, B. Wacogne, and E. Lantz, “Fluorescence lifetime imaging on the picosecond timescale,” Laser Phys. 14, 238–242 (2004).

Byer, R. L.

R. A. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 432–444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. H.

X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, R. Wang, X. H. Chen, K. H. Luo, L. A. Wu, and J. M. Zhao, “Single-photon level ultrafast all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 151109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Han, X. H. Chen, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive femtosecond time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy for relaxation processes by using parametric amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1633–1638 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Transient spectrometer for near-IR fluorescence based on parametric frequency upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S. W.

Chui, H. C.

Datla, R.

Devaux, F.

S. Brustlein, E. Lantz, and F. Devaux, “Absolute radiance imaging using parametric image amplification,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1278–1280 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Brustlein, F. Devaux, and E. Lantz, “Limits of amplification of weak images,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 799–807 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Brustlein, F. Devaux, and E. Lantz, “Picosecond fluorescence lifetime imaging by parametric image amplification,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 161–165 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Brustlein, F. Devaux, B. Wacogne, and E. Lantz, “Fluorescence lifetime imaging on the picosecond timescale,” Laser Phys. 14, 238–242 (2004).

Ding, Q.

Q. Ding, K. Meng, H. Yang, S. F. Wang, and Q. H. Gong, “Femtosecond noncollinear parametric amplification for ultrafast spectral dynamics,” Opt. Commun. 284, 3110–3113(2011).
[CrossRef]

Du, S. F.

Q.-L. Zhang, J. Zhang, S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, B.-H. Feng, J.-Y. Zhang, and J. C. Zang, “Generation of picoseconds stimulated Raman scattering in a BaWO4 crystal and frequency up-conversion by difference-frequency generation in BBO,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 109–113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B.-H. Feng, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Characterization of ultra-weak fluorescence using picosecond noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1884–1887 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B.-H. Feng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification of stimulated Raman as high peak-power source and ultra-sensitive preamplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5014–5018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S. Z.

S. Z. Fan, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, C. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, and R. J. Lan, “Comparison of various emissions from the laser dye solution under picosecond laser pulse pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7382, 738235 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Feng, B.-H.

Q.-L. Zhang, J. Zhang, K.-S. Qiu, D.-X. Zhang, B.-H. Feng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Generation of broadly tunable picosecond mid-infrared laser and sensitive detection of a mid-infrared signal by parametric frequency up-conversion in MgO: LiNbO3 optical parametric amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. B 21, 054213 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q.-L. Zhang, J. Zhang, S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, B.-H. Feng, J.-Y. Zhang, and J. C. Zang, “Generation of picoseconds stimulated Raman scattering in a BaWO4 crystal and frequency up-conversion by difference-frequency generation in BBO,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 109–113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B.-H. Feng, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Characterization of ultra-weak fluorescence using picosecond noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1884–1887 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B.-H. Feng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification of stimulated Raman as high peak-power source and ultra-sensitive preamplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5014–5018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fita, P.

P. Fita, Y. Stepanenko, and C. Radzewicz, “Femtosecond transient fluorescence spectrometer based on parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 021909 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Q. H.

Q. Ding, K. Meng, H. Yang, S. F. Wang, and Q. H. Gong, “Femtosecond noncollinear parametric amplification for ultrafast spectral dynamics,” Opt. Commun. 284, 3110–3113(2011).
[CrossRef]

Han, X. F.

S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B.-H. Feng, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Characterization of ultra-weak fluorescence using picosecond noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1884–1887 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, R. Wang, X. H. Chen, K. H. Luo, L. A. Wu, and J. M. Zhao, “Single-photon level ultrafast all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 151109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Han, X. H. Chen, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive femtosecond time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy for relaxation processes by using parametric amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1633–1638 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Transient spectrometer for near-IR fluorescence based on parametric frequency upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C. H.

Huang, J. Y.

Kimmel, M.

Knight, J. C.

Lan, R. J.

S. Z. Fan, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, C. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, and R. J. Lan, “Comparison of various emissions from the laser dye solution under picosecond laser pulse pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7382, 738235 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lantz, E.

S. Brustlein, E. Lantz, and F. Devaux, “Absolute radiance imaging using parametric image amplification,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1278–1280 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Brustlein, F. Devaux, and E. Lantz, “Limits of amplification of weak images,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 799–807 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Brustlein, F. Devaux, and E. Lantz, “Picosecond fluorescence lifetime imaging by parametric image amplification,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 161–165 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Brustlein, F. Devaux, B. Wacogne, and E. Lantz, “Fluorescence lifetime imaging on the picosecond timescale,” Laser Phys. 14, 238–242 (2004).

Lee, C. K.

Li, Q. N.

S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B.-H. Feng, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Characterization of ultra-weak fluorescence using picosecond noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1884–1887 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B.-H. Feng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification of stimulated Raman as high peak-power source and ultra-sensitive preamplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5014–5018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y. Y.

Link, S.

Liu, H. L.

Liu, J. M.

Luo, K. H.

X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, R. Wang, X. H. Chen, K. H. Luo, L. A. Wu, and J. M. Zhao, “Single-photon level ultrafast all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 151109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meng, K.

Q. Ding, K. Meng, H. Yang, S. F. Wang, and Q. H. Gong, “Femtosecond noncollinear parametric amplification for ultrafast spectral dynamics,” Opt. Commun. 284, 3110–3113(2011).
[CrossRef]

Migdall, A.

Orszak, J. S.

Pan, C. L.

Qiu, K.-S.

Q.-L. Zhang, J. Zhang, K.-S. Qiu, D.-X. Zhang, B.-H. Feng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Generation of broadly tunable picosecond mid-infrared laser and sensitive detection of a mid-infrared signal by parametric frequency up-conversion in MgO: LiNbO3 optical parametric amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. B 21, 054213 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Racette, G. W.

C. C. Wang and G. W. Racette, “Measurement of parametric gain accompanying optical difference frequency generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 169–171 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Radzewicz, C.

P. Fita, Y. Stepanenko, and C. Radzewicz, “Femtosecond transient fluorescence spectrometer based on parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 021909 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sergienko, A.

Shi, Y. X.

S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B.-H. Feng, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Characterization of ultra-weak fluorescence using picosecond noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1884–1887 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B.-H. Feng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification of stimulated Raman as high peak-power source and ultra-sensitive preamplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5014–5018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shih, Y. H.

Shreenath, A. P.

Stepanenko, Y.

P. Fita, Y. Stepanenko, and C. Radzewicz, “Femtosecond transient fluorescence spectrometer based on parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 021909 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stone, J. M.

Trebino, R.

Tzeng, Y. W.

Wacogne, B.

S. Brustlein, F. Devaux, B. Wacogne, and E. Lantz, “Fluorescence lifetime imaging on the picosecond timescale,” Laser Phys. 14, 238–242 (2004).

Wang, C. C.

C. C. Wang and G. W. Racette, “Measurement of parametric gain accompanying optical difference frequency generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 169–171 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. P.

S. Z. Fan, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, C. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, and R. J. Lan, “Comparison of various emissions from the laser dye solution under picosecond laser pulse pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7382, 738235 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, R.

X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, R. Wang, X. H. Chen, K. H. Luo, L. A. Wu, and J. M. Zhao, “Single-photon level ultrafast all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 151109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. F.

Q. Ding, K. Meng, H. Yang, S. F. Wang, and Q. H. Gong, “Femtosecond noncollinear parametric amplification for ultrafast spectral dynamics,” Opt. Commun. 284, 3110–3113(2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. P.

S. Z. Fan, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, C. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, and R. J. Lan, “Comparison of various emissions from the laser dye solution under picosecond laser pulse pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7382, 738235 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weng, Y. X.

S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B.-H. Feng, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Characterization of ultra-weak fluorescence using picosecond noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1884–1887 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, R. Wang, X. H. Chen, K. H. Luo, L. A. Wu, and J. M. Zhao, “Single-photon level ultrafast all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 151109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Han, X. H. Chen, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive femtosecond time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy for relaxation processes by using parametric amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1633–1638 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Transient spectrometer for near-IR fluorescence based on parametric frequency upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, L. A.

X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, R. Wang, X. H. Chen, K. H. Luo, L. A. Wu, and J. M. Zhao, “Single-photon level ultrafast all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 151109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

Q. Ding, K. Meng, H. Yang, S. F. Wang, and Q. H. Gong, “Femtosecond noncollinear parametric amplification for ultrafast spectral dynamics,” Opt. Commun. 284, 3110–3113(2011).
[CrossRef]

Zang, J. C.

Q.-L. Zhang, J. Zhang, S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, B.-H. Feng, J.-Y. Zhang, and J. C. Zang, “Generation of picoseconds stimulated Raman scattering in a BaWO4 crystal and frequency up-conversion by difference-frequency generation in BBO,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 109–113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zeek, E.

Zhang, C.

S. Z. Fan, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, C. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, and R. J. Lan, “Comparison of various emissions from the laser dye solution under picosecond laser pulse pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7382, 738235 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D.-X.

Q.-L. Zhang, J. Zhang, K.-S. Qiu, D.-X. Zhang, B.-H. Feng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Generation of broadly tunable picosecond mid-infrared laser and sensitive detection of a mid-infrared signal by parametric frequency up-conversion in MgO: LiNbO3 optical parametric amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. B 21, 054213 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q.-L. Zhang, J. Zhang, S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, B.-H. Feng, J.-Y. Zhang, and J. C. Zang, “Generation of picoseconds stimulated Raman scattering in a BaWO4 crystal and frequency up-conversion by difference-frequency generation in BBO,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 109–113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B.-H. Feng, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Characterization of ultra-weak fluorescence using picosecond noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1884–1887 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B.-H. Feng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification of stimulated Raman as high peak-power source and ultra-sensitive preamplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5014–5018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Q.-L. Zhang, J. Zhang, K.-S. Qiu, D.-X. Zhang, B.-H. Feng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Generation of broadly tunable picosecond mid-infrared laser and sensitive detection of a mid-infrared signal by parametric frequency up-conversion in MgO: LiNbO3 optical parametric amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. B 21, 054213 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q.-L. Zhang, J. Zhang, S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, B.-H. Feng, J.-Y. Zhang, and J. C. Zang, “Generation of picoseconds stimulated Raman scattering in a BaWO4 crystal and frequency up-conversion by difference-frequency generation in BBO,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 109–113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.-Y.

Q.-L. Zhang, J. Zhang, K.-S. Qiu, D.-X. Zhang, B.-H. Feng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Generation of broadly tunable picosecond mid-infrared laser and sensitive detection of a mid-infrared signal by parametric frequency up-conversion in MgO: LiNbO3 optical parametric amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. B 21, 054213 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q.-L. Zhang, J. Zhang, S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, B.-H. Feng, J.-Y. Zhang, and J. C. Zang, “Generation of picoseconds stimulated Raman scattering in a BaWO4 crystal and frequency up-conversion by difference-frequency generation in BBO,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 109–113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B.-H. Feng, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Characterization of ultra-weak fluorescence using picosecond noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1884–1887 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B.-H. Feng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification of stimulated Raman as high peak-power source and ultra-sensitive preamplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5014–5018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Han, X. H. Chen, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive femtosecond time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy for relaxation processes by using parametric amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1633–1638 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Transient spectrometer for near-IR fluorescence based on parametric frequency upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Zhang, C. K. Lee, J. Y. Huang, and C. L. Pan, “Sub femto-joule sensitive single-shot OPA-XFROG and its application in study of white-light supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 12, 574–581 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Zhang, A. P. Shreenath, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, R. Trebino, and S. Link, “Measurement of the intensity and phase of attojoule femtosecond light pulses using optical-parametric-amplification cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Express 11, 601–609 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.-L.

Q.-L. Zhang, J. Zhang, K.-S. Qiu, D.-X. Zhang, B.-H. Feng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Generation of broadly tunable picosecond mid-infrared laser and sensitive detection of a mid-infrared signal by parametric frequency up-conversion in MgO: LiNbO3 optical parametric amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. B 21, 054213 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q.-L. Zhang, J. Zhang, S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, B.-H. Feng, J.-Y. Zhang, and J. C. Zang, “Generation of picoseconds stimulated Raman scattering in a BaWO4 crystal and frequency up-conversion by difference-frequency generation in BBO,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 109–113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. Y.

S. Z. Fan, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, C. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, and R. J. Lan, “Comparison of various emissions from the laser dye solution under picosecond laser pulse pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7382, 738235 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J. M.

X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, R. Wang, X. H. Chen, K. H. Luo, L. A. Wu, and J. M. Zhao, “Single-photon level ultrafast all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 151109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Q.-L. Zhang, J. Zhang, S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, B.-H. Feng, J.-Y. Zhang, and J. C. Zang, “Generation of picoseconds stimulated Raman scattering in a BaWO4 crystal and frequency up-conversion by difference-frequency generation in BBO,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 109–113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

X. H. Chen, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Transient spectrometer for near-IR fluorescence based on parametric frequency upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Wang and G. W. Racette, “Measurement of parametric gain accompanying optical difference frequency generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 169–171 (1965).
[CrossRef]

P. Fita, Y. Stepanenko, and C. Radzewicz, “Femtosecond transient fluorescence spectrometer based on parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 021909 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, R. Wang, X. H. Chen, K. H. Luo, L. A. Wu, and J. M. Zhao, “Single-photon level ultrafast all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 151109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. B (1)

Q.-L. Zhang, J. Zhang, K.-S. Qiu, D.-X. Zhang, B.-H. Feng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Generation of broadly tunable picosecond mid-infrared laser and sensitive detection of a mid-infrared signal by parametric frequency up-conversion in MgO: LiNbO3 optical parametric amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. B 21, 054213 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Brustlein, F. Devaux, and E. Lantz, “Picosecond fluorescence lifetime imaging by parametric image amplification,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 161–165 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. A. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 432–444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

S. Brustlein, F. Devaux, and E. Lantz, “Limits of amplification of weak images,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 799–807 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. (1)

S. Brustlein, F. Devaux, B. Wacogne, and E. Lantz, “Fluorescence lifetime imaging on the picosecond timescale,” Laser Phys. 14, 238–242 (2004).

Opt. Commun. (3)

S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B.-H. Feng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification of stimulated Raman as high peak-power source and ultra-sensitive preamplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5014–5018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D.-X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B.-H. Feng, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Characterization of ultra-weak fluorescence using picosecond noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1884–1887 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Ding, K. Meng, H. Yang, S. F. Wang, and Q. H. Gong, “Femtosecond noncollinear parametric amplification for ultrafast spectral dynamics,” Opt. Commun. 284, 3110–3113(2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Z. Fan, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, C. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, and R. J. Lan, “Comparison of various emissions from the laser dye solution under picosecond laser pulse pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7382, 738235 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the experimental setup: TS, telescope; M1, dichroic mirror (highly reflective at 532 nm, highly transmission at 600–900 nm); M2–M6, dichroic mirrors (highly reflective at 355 nm); L1, lens; SC, sample cell; P1–P3, pinholes; NDF, neutral-density filters; and IF1–IF2, bandpass filters.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Spectral profile of the seed, the parametric superfluorescence, and the amplified seed pulses at 710 nm. The phase-matching angle is about 33.12°. Inset shows the seed spectrum without attenuation. (b) Parametric superfluorescence spectra at degeneracy and near degeneracy (θ=33.15°, 33.165°, 33.175°).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectral profile of the parametric superfluorescence, the seed, and the amplified seed at 710 nm under the detection-limit condition.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Relation between the amplified seed energy and the corresponding seed energy.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Temporal profile of the ASE seed recorded by an ultrafast oscilloscope (black dash-dotted curve) and by varying OPA delay line (red solid curve). The measurement results are normalized to the peak value. The oscillation of the trace from the scope is due to electric ringing.

Equations (2)

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f1(t)=n=1n=8an×exp((tbncn)2),
f2(t)=n=1n=8an×exp((tbncn)2),

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