Abstract

We demonstrate a simple and low cost mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) operating in the nanosecond region using a single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT)-based saturable absorber (SA). A droplet of SWCNT solution is applied on the end of a fiber ferrule, which is then mated to another clean connector ferrule to construct an SA. Then the SA is integrated into a ring EDFL cavity for nanosecond pulse generation. The EDFL operates at around 1570.4 nm, with a soliton-like spectrum with small Kelly sidebands, which confirms the attainment of the anomalous dispersion. It produces a soliton pulse train with a 332 ns width, repetition rate of 909.1 kHz, an average output power of 0.31 mW, and energy of 0.34 nJ at the maximum pump power of 130.8 mW.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. A. Ismail, S. J. Tan, N. S. Shahabuddin, S. W. Harun, H. Arof, and H. Ahmad, “Performance comparison of mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with nonlinear polarization rotation and saturable absorber approaches,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 054216 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. W. Harun, R. Akbari, H. Arof, and H. Ahmad, “Mode-locked bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber laser with stable and clean femtosecond pulses output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 449–452 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Träger, Springer Handbook of Lasers and Optics (Springer Verlag, 2007).
  5. V. Philippov, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, A. Abdolvand, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Konstantinov, and V. I. Levchenko, “Passively Q-switched Er-Yb double clad fiber laser with Cr2+:ZnSe and Co2+:MgAl2O4 as a saturable absorber,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 8–15 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. J. Lederer, V. Kolev, B. Luther-Davies, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Ion-implanted InGaAs single quantum well semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors for passive mode-locking,” J. Phys. D 34, 2455–2464 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Laser mode locking using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 51–56(2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, “Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly synthesized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1581–1583 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, “Carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621–1625 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, and S. Y. Set, “In-situ monitoring of optical deposition of carbon nanotubes onto fiber end,” Opt. Express 17, 5711–5715 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, O. P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, and W. A. Wood, “Supercontinuum generation in silica fibers by amplified nanosecond laser diode pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 789–797 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Xu, S. Wu, J. Liu, Q. Wang, Q.-H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Nanosecond-pulsed erbium-doped fiber lasers with graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 285, 4466–4469(2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111108 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta, A. G. Souza Filho, R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonance Raman scattering,” New J. Phys. 5, 139 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. Kieu, and M. Mansuripur, “Femtosecond laser pulse generation with a fiber taper embedded in carbon nanotube/polymer composite,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2242–2244 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Y. Choi, D. K. Cho, Y. W. Song, K. Oh, K. Kim, F. Rotermund, and D. I. Yeom, “Graphene-filled hollow optical fiber saturable absorber for efficient soliton fiber laser mode-locking,” Opt. Express 20, 5652–5657 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (3)

M. A. Ismail, S. J. Tan, N. S. Shahabuddin, S. W. Harun, H. Arof, and H. Ahmad, “Performance comparison of mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with nonlinear polarization rotation and saturable absorber approaches,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 054216 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, S. Wu, J. Liu, Q. Wang, Q.-H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Nanosecond-pulsed erbium-doped fiber lasers with graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 285, 4466–4469(2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Choi, D. K. Cho, Y. W. Song, K. Oh, K. Kim, F. Rotermund, and D. I. Yeom, “Graphene-filled hollow optical fiber saturable absorber for efficient soliton fiber laser mode-locking,” Opt. Express 20, 5652–5657 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

S. W. Harun, R. Akbari, H. Arof, and H. Ahmad, “Mode-locked bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber laser with stable and clean femtosecond pulses output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 449–452 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, and S. Y. Set, “In-situ monitoring of optical deposition of carbon nanotubes onto fiber end,” Opt. Express 17, 5711–5715 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, O. P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, and W. A. Wood, “Supercontinuum generation in silica fibers by amplified nanosecond laser diode pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 789–797 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Kieu, and M. Mansuripur, “Femtosecond laser pulse generation with a fiber taper embedded in carbon nanotube/polymer composite,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2242–2244 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, “Carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621–1625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

2003 (1)

A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta, A. G. Souza Filho, R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonance Raman scattering,” New J. Phys. 5, 139 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. J. Lederer, V. Kolev, B. Luther-Davies, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Ion-implanted InGaAs single quantum well semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors for passive mode-locking,” J. Phys. D 34, 2455–2464 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Abdolvand, A.

V. Philippov, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, A. Abdolvand, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Konstantinov, and V. I. Levchenko, “Passively Q-switched Er-Yb double clad fiber laser with Cr2+:ZnSe and Co2+:MgAl2O4 as a saturable absorber,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 8–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Achiba, Y.

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, “Carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621–1625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, H.

M. A. Ismail, S. J. Tan, N. S. Shahabuddin, S. W. Harun, H. Arof, and H. Ahmad, “Performance comparison of mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with nonlinear polarization rotation and saturable absorber approaches,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 054216 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun, R. Akbari, H. Arof, and H. Ahmad, “Mode-locked bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber laser with stable and clean femtosecond pulses output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 449–452 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Akbari, R.

S. W. Harun, R. Akbari, H. Arof, and H. Ahmad, “Mode-locked bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber laser with stable and clean femtosecond pulses output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 449–452 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Arof, H.

M. A. Ismail, S. J. Tan, N. S. Shahabuddin, S. W. Harun, H. Arof, and H. Ahmad, “Performance comparison of mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with nonlinear polarization rotation and saturable absorber approaches,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 054216 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun, R. Akbari, H. Arof, and H. Ahmad, “Mode-locked bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber laser with stable and clean femtosecond pulses output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 449–452 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Basko, D. M.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bonaccorso, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, M.-Y.

C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, O. P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, and W. A. Wood, “Supercontinuum generation in silica fibers by amplified nanosecond laser diode pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 789–797 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cho, D. K.

Choi, S. Y.

Clarkson, W. A.

V. Philippov, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, A. Abdolvand, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Konstantinov, and V. I. Levchenko, “Passively Q-switched Er-Yb double clad fiber laser with Cr2+:ZnSe and Co2+:MgAl2O4 as a saturable absorber,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 8–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dresselhaus, G.

A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta, A. G. Souza Filho, R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonance Raman scattering,” New J. Phys. 5, 139 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dresselhaus, M. S.

A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta, A. G. Souza Filho, R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonance Raman scattering,” New J. Phys. 5, 139 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, A. C.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Harun, S. W.

M. A. Ismail, S. J. Tan, N. S. Shahabuddin, S. W. Harun, H. Arof, and H. Ahmad, “Performance comparison of mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with nonlinear polarization rotation and saturable absorber approaches,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 054216 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun, R. Akbari, H. Arof, and H. Ahmad, “Mode-locked bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber laser with stable and clean femtosecond pulses output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 449–452 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hasan, T.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hennrich, F.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

Islam, M. N.

C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, O. P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, and W. A. Wood, “Supercontinuum generation in silica fibers by amplified nanosecond laser diode pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 789–797 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ismail, M. A.

M. A. Ismail, S. J. Tan, N. S. Shahabuddin, S. W. Harun, H. Arof, and H. Ahmad, “Performance comparison of mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with nonlinear polarization rotation and saturable absorber approaches,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 054216 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jablonski, M.

Jagadish, C.

M. J. Lederer, V. Kolev, B. Luther-Davies, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Ion-implanted InGaAs single quantum well semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors for passive mode-locking,” J. Phys. D 34, 2455–2464 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jorio, A.

A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta, A. G. Souza Filho, R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonance Raman scattering,” New J. Phys. 5, 139 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kashiwagi, K.

Kataura, H.

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, “Carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621–1625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kelleher, E. J. R.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kieu, K.

Kim, K.

Kisel, V. E.

V. Philippov, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, A. Abdolvand, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Konstantinov, and V. I. Levchenko, “Passively Q-switched Er-Yb double clad fiber laser with Cr2+:ZnSe and Co2+:MgAl2O4 as a saturable absorber,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 8–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kolev, V.

M. J. Lederer, V. Kolev, B. Luther-Davies, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Ion-implanted InGaAs single quantum well semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors for passive mode-locking,” J. Phys. D 34, 2455–2464 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Konstantinov, V. I.

V. Philippov, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, A. Abdolvand, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Konstantinov, and V. I. Levchenko, “Passively Q-switched Er-Yb double clad fiber laser with Cr2+:ZnSe and Co2+:MgAl2O4 as a saturable absorber,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 8–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

V. Philippov, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, A. Abdolvand, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Konstantinov, and V. I. Levchenko, “Passively Q-switched Er-Yb double clad fiber laser with Cr2+:ZnSe and Co2+:MgAl2O4 as a saturable absorber,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 8–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kulkarni, O. P.

C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, O. P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, and W. A. Wood, “Supercontinuum generation in silica fibers by amplified nanosecond laser diode pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 789–797 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, M.

C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, O. P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, and W. A. Wood, “Supercontinuum generation in silica fibers by amplified nanosecond laser diode pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 789–797 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, M. J.

M. J. Lederer, V. Kolev, B. Luther-Davies, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Ion-implanted InGaAs single quantum well semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors for passive mode-locking,” J. Phys. D 34, 2455–2464 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Levchenko, V. I.

V. Philippov, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, A. Abdolvand, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Konstantinov, and V. I. Levchenko, “Passively Q-switched Er-Yb double clad fiber laser with Cr2+:ZnSe and Co2+:MgAl2O4 as a saturable absorber,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 8–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Xu, S. Wu, J. Liu, Q. Wang, Q.-H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Nanosecond-pulsed erbium-doped fiber lasers with graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 285, 4466–4469(2012).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

M. J. Lederer, V. Kolev, B. Luther-Davies, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Ion-implanted InGaAs single quantum well semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors for passive mode-locking,” J. Phys. D 34, 2455–2464 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mansuripur, M.

Maruyama, S.

Milne, W. I.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, Y.

Nilsson, J.

V. Philippov, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, A. Abdolvand, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Konstantinov, and V. I. Levchenko, “Passively Q-switched Er-Yb double clad fiber laser with Cr2+:ZnSe and Co2+:MgAl2O4 as a saturable absorber,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 8–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oh, K.

Philippov, V.

V. Philippov, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, A. Abdolvand, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Konstantinov, and V. I. Levchenko, “Passively Q-switched Er-Yb double clad fiber laser with Cr2+:ZnSe and Co2+:MgAl2O4 as a saturable absorber,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 8–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pimenta, M. A.

A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta, A. G. Souza Filho, R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonance Raman scattering,” New J. Phys. 5, 139 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Popa, D.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Popov, S. V.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Privitera, G.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rotermund, F.

Rozhin, A. G.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, “Carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621–1625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Saito, R.

A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta, A. G. Souza Filho, R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonance Raman scattering,” New J. Phys. 5, 139 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sakakibara, Y.

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, “Carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621–1625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Scardaci, V.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Set, S. Y.

Shahabuddin, N. S.

M. A. Ismail, S. J. Tan, N. S. Shahabuddin, S. W. Harun, H. Arof, and H. Ahmad, “Performance comparison of mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with nonlinear polarization rotation and saturable absorber approaches,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 054216 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

V. Philippov, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, A. Abdolvand, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Konstantinov, and V. I. Levchenko, “Passively Q-switched Er-Yb double clad fiber laser with Cr2+:ZnSe and Co2+:MgAl2O4 as a saturable absorber,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 8–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. W.

Souza Filho, A. G.

A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta, A. G. Souza Filho, R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonance Raman scattering,” New J. Phys. 5, 139 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Z.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tan, H. H.

M. J. Lederer, V. Kolev, B. Luther-Davies, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Ion-implanted InGaAs single quantum well semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors for passive mode-locking,” J. Phys. D 34, 2455–2464 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tan, S. J.

M. A. Ismail, S. J. Tan, N. S. Shahabuddin, S. W. Harun, H. Arof, and H. Ahmad, “Performance comparison of mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with nonlinear polarization rotation and saturable absorber approaches,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 054216 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

Taylor, J. R.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tokumoto, M.

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, “Carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621–1625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Torrisi, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Träger, F.

F. Träger, Springer Handbook of Lasers and Optics (Springer Verlag, 2007).

Travers, J. C.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

J. Xu, S. Wu, J. Liu, Q. Wang, Q.-H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Nanosecond-pulsed erbium-doped fiber lasers with graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 285, 4466–4469(2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

J. Xu, S. Wu, J. Liu, Q. Wang, Q.-H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Nanosecond-pulsed erbium-doped fiber lasers with graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 285, 4466–4469(2012).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wood, W. A.

C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, O. P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, and W. A. Wood, “Supercontinuum generation in silica fibers by amplified nanosecond laser diode pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 789–797 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.

J. Xu, S. Wu, J. Liu, Q. Wang, Q.-H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Nanosecond-pulsed erbium-doped fiber lasers with graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 285, 4466–4469(2012).
[CrossRef]

Xia, C.

C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, O. P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, and W. A. Wood, “Supercontinuum generation in silica fibers by amplified nanosecond laser diode pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 789–797 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

J. Xu, S. Wu, J. Liu, Q. Wang, Q.-H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Nanosecond-pulsed erbium-doped fiber lasers with graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 285, 4466–4469(2012).
[CrossRef]

Yaguchi, H.

Yamashita, S.

Yang, Q.-H.

J. Xu, S. Wu, J. Liu, Q. Wang, Q.-H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Nanosecond-pulsed erbium-doped fiber lasers with graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 285, 4466–4469(2012).
[CrossRef]

Yeom, D. I.

ACS Nano (1)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. A. Ismail, S. J. Tan, N. S. Shahabuddin, S. W. Harun, H. Arof, and H. Ahmad, “Performance comparison of mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with nonlinear polarization rotation and saturable absorber approaches,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 054216 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, O. P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, and W. A. Wood, “Supercontinuum generation in silica fibers by amplified nanosecond laser diode pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 789–797 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Phys. D (1)

M. J. Lederer, V. Kolev, B. Luther-Davies, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Ion-implanted InGaAs single quantum well semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors for passive mode-locking,” J. Phys. D 34, 2455–2464 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, “Carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621–1625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

S. W. Harun, R. Akbari, H. Arof, and H. Ahmad, “Mode-locked bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber laser with stable and clean femtosecond pulses output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 449–452 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta, A. G. Souza Filho, R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonance Raman scattering,” New J. Phys. 5, 139 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Xu, S. Wu, J. Liu, Q. Wang, Q.-H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Nanosecond-pulsed erbium-doped fiber lasers with graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 285, 4466–4469(2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

V. Philippov, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, A. Abdolvand, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Konstantinov, and V. I. Levchenko, “Passively Q-switched Er-Yb double clad fiber laser with Cr2+:ZnSe and Co2+:MgAl2O4 as a saturable absorber,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 8–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

F. Träger, Springer Handbook of Lasers and Optics (Springer Verlag, 2007).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Raman spectrum of the SWCNT layer deposited onto the fiber ferrule. The inset shows the deposition of SWCNT onto a fiber ferrule using a pipette. The small drop of liquid on top of the fiber ferrule was left to dry overnight.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup of the proposed compact mode-locked EDFL. LD, laser diode; WDM, wavelength division multiplexer; SMF, standard single mode fiber; CNT SA, SWCNT-based SA.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Resultant pulse train from the mode-locked EDFL with a 224 m long ring cavity. The 1.1 μs interval corresponds to a repetition rate of 909.1 kHz, while the pulse width is measured to be around 332 ns.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Oscilloscope trace for a single pulse.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Optical spectrum of the mode-locked fiber laser at a pump power of 130.8 mW.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

RF spectrum of the mode-locked fiber laser.

Metrics