Abstract

We present a dynamic polarization grating based on a dye-doped liquid crystal cell that is controllable by a single pump beam in a binary homeotropic-planar configuration produced through selective rubbing. Upon single pump beam irradiation, the azo dyes in the liquid-crystal (LC) layer diffuse and adsorb onto the planar LC-anchoring surface due to trans-cis photo-isomerization. It is found that the dynamic polarization grating effect results mainly from the photo-induced easy axis reorientation by the amount of dye molecules adsorbed on the planar LC-alignment surface in a single-beam control scheme. The initial LC-anchoring conditions and the dynamic behavior of the dye adsorption strongly influence the repetitive writing-erasing processes by the single pump beam.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2012 (1)

2011 (1)

A. G. Iljin, “Transient modulation of order parameter and optical nonlinearity in a chiral nematic liquid crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 543, 143–150 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

E. Jang, H.-R. Kim, Y.-J. Na, and S.-D. Lee, “Multistage optical memory of a liquid crystal diffraction grating in a single beam rewriting scheme,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

E. Jang, H. Baac, Y.-T. Kim, and S.-D. Lee, “Electrically and optically controllable liquid crystal grating with a patterned surface-command layer,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 453, 293–300 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Presnyakov, K. Asatryan, T. Galstian, and V. Chigrinov, “Optical polarization grating induced liquid crystal micro-structure using azo-dye command layer,” Opt. Express 14, 10558–10564 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (5)

2003 (1)

J.-H. Park, C.-J. Yu, J. Kim, S.-Y. Chung, and S.-D. Lee, “Concept of a liquid-crystal polarization beamsplitter based on binary phase gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1918–1920 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

C. V. Brown, E. E. Kriezis, and S. J. Elston, “Optical diffraction from a liquid crystal phase grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 3495–3500 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Kim, S.-D. Lee, S. Y. Park, and D. H. Choi, “Unusual characteristics of diffraction gratings in a liquid crystal cell,” Adv. Mater. 14, 983–988 (2002).

2001 (2)

E. Ouskova, D. Fedorenko, Y. Reznikov, S. V. Shiyanovskii, L. Su, J. L. West, O. V. Kuksenok, O. Francescangeli, and F. Simoni, “Hidden photoalignment of liquid crystals in the isotropic phase,” Phys. Rev. E 63, 021701 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Pagliusi, R. Macdonald, S. Busch, G. Cipparrone, and M. Kreuzer, “Nonlocal dynamic gratings and energy transfer by optical two-beam coupling in a nematic liquid crystal owing to highly sensitive photoelectric reorientation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1632–1638 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

G. Barbero and V. Popa-Nita, “Model for the planar-homeotropic anchoring transition induced by trans-cis isomerization,” Phys. Rev. E 61, 6696–6698 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

F. Gori, “Measuring Stokes parameters by means of a polarization grating,” Opt. Lett. 24, 584–586 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O. Francescangeli, S. Slussarenko, F. Simoni, D. Andrienko, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Light-induced surface sliding of the nematic director in liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1855–1858 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

M. L. Doucen and P. Pellat-Finet, “Polarization properties and diffraction efficiencies of binary anisotropic gratings: general study and experiments on ferroelectric liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 151, 321–330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Galstian, B. Saad, and M.-M. Denariez-Roberge, “Asymmetric resonant optical torque in azo-dye-doped liquid crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 790–794 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, F. Simoni, and Y. Reznikov, “High resolution polarization gratings in liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3613–3615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Titus and P. J. Bos, “Efficient, polarization-independent, reflective liquid crystal phase grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2239–2241 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

J. Chen, P. J. Bos, H. Vithana, and D. L. Johnson, “An electrooptically controlled liquid crystal diffraction grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2588–2590 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Masuda, T. Nose, R. Yamaguchi, and S. Sato, “A radial molecular orientation using a flow-induced aligning method in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 4129–4132 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

Y. Ouchi, M. B. Feller, T. Moses, and Y. R. Shen, “Surface memory effect at the liquid-crystal-polymer interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3040–3043 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. G.-S. Chen and D. J. Brady, “Surface-stabilized holography in an azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1231–1233 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Andrienko, D.

O. Francescangeli, S. Slussarenko, F. Simoni, D. Andrienko, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Light-induced surface sliding of the nematic director in liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1855–1858 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Asatryan, K.

Baac, H.

E. Jang, H. Baac, Y.-T. Kim, and S.-D. Lee, “Electrically and optically controllable liquid crystal grating with a patterned surface-command layer,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 453, 293–300 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Barbero, G.

G. Barbero and V. Popa-Nita, “Model for the planar-homeotropic anchoring transition induced by trans-cis isomerization,” Phys. Rev. E 61, 6696–6698 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bortolozzo, U.

Bos, P. J.

C. M. Titus and P. J. Bos, “Efficient, polarization-independent, reflective liquid crystal phase grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2239–2241 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, P. J. Bos, H. Vithana, and D. L. Johnson, “An electrooptically controlled liquid crystal diffraction grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2588–2590 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brady, D. J.

Brown, C. V.

C. V. Brown, E. E. Kriezis, and S. J. Elston, “Optical diffraction from a liquid crystal phase grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 3495–3500 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Busch, S.

Cai, Z.

Caputo, R.

Chang, Y.-M.

Chen, A. G.-S.

Chen, H.-Y.

Chen, J.

J. Chen, P. J. Bos, H. Vithana, and D. L. Johnson, “An electrooptically controlled liquid crystal diffraction grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2588–2590 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, K.-T.

C.-R. Lee, T.-L. Fu, K.-T. Cheng, T.-S. Mo, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Surface-assisted photoalignment in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 031704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chigrinov, V.

Chin, W.-K.

Choi, D. H.

B. J. Kim, S.-D. Lee, S. Y. Park, and D. H. Choi, “Unusual characteristics of diffraction gratings in a liquid crystal cell,” Adv. Mater. 14, 983–988 (2002).

Chung, S.-Y.

J.-H. Park, C.-J. Yu, J. Kim, S.-Y. Chung, and S.-D. Lee, “Concept of a liquid-crystal polarization beamsplitter based on binary phase gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1918–1920 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cipparrone, G.

Davis, J. A.

Denariez-Roberge, M.-M.

T. V. Galstian, B. Saad, and M.-M. Denariez-Roberge, “Asymmetric resonant optical torque in azo-dye-doped liquid crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 790–794 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Doucen, M. L.

M. L. Doucen and P. Pellat-Finet, “Polarization properties and diffraction efficiencies of binary anisotropic gratings: general study and experiments on ferroelectric liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 151, 321–330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Elston, S. J.

C. V. Brown, E. E. Kriezis, and S. J. Elston, “Optical diffraction from a liquid crystal phase grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 3495–3500 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Evans, G. H.

Fedorenko, D.

E. Ouskova, D. Fedorenko, Y. Reznikov, S. V. Shiyanovskii, L. Su, J. L. West, O. V. Kuksenok, O. Francescangeli, and F. Simoni, “Hidden photoalignment of liquid crystals in the isotropic phase,” Phys. Rev. E 63, 021701 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Feller, M. B.

Y. Ouchi, M. B. Feller, T. Moses, and Y. R. Shen, “Surface memory effect at the liquid-crystal-polymer interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3040–3043 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Francescangeli, O.

E. Ouskova, D. Fedorenko, Y. Reznikov, S. V. Shiyanovskii, L. Su, J. L. West, O. V. Kuksenok, O. Francescangeli, and F. Simoni, “Hidden photoalignment of liquid crystals in the isotropic phase,” Phys. Rev. E 63, 021701 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. Francescangeli, S. Slussarenko, F. Simoni, D. Andrienko, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Light-induced surface sliding of the nematic director in liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1855–1858 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, F. Simoni, and Y. Reznikov, “High resolution polarization gratings in liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3613–3615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fu, T.-L.

C.-R. Lee, T.-L. Fu, K.-T. Cheng, T.-S. Mo, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Surface-assisted photoalignment in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 031704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fuh, A. Y.-G.

C.-R. Lee, T.-L. Fu, K.-T. Cheng, T.-S. Mo, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Surface-assisted photoalignment in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 031704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.-R. Wang, C.-R. Lee, M.-R. Lee, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Photorefractive effect induced by polarization gratings in dye-doped liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 29, 110–112 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Galstian, T.

Galstian, T. V.

T. V. Galstian, B. Saad, and M.-M. Denariez-Roberge, “Asymmetric resonant optical torque in azo-dye-doped liquid crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 790–794 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gori, F.

Huang, Y.-P.

Iljin, A.

Iljin, A. G.

A. G. Iljin, “Transient modulation of order parameter and optical nonlinearity in a chiral nematic liquid crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 543, 143–150 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Israelachvili, J. N.

J. N. Israelachvili, Intermolecular and Surface Forces(Academic, 1997).

Jang, E.

E. Jang, H.-R. Kim, Y.-J. Na, and S.-D. Lee, “Multistage optical memory of a liquid crystal diffraction grating in a single beam rewriting scheme,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Jang, H. Baac, Y.-T. Kim, and S.-D. Lee, “Electrically and optically controllable liquid crystal grating with a patterned surface-command layer,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 453, 293–300 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. L.

J. Chen, P. J. Bos, H. Vithana, and D. L. Johnson, “An electrooptically controlled liquid crystal diffraction grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2588–2590 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jung, M.-S.

Khoo, I.-C.

Kim, B. J.

B. J. Kim, S.-D. Lee, S. Y. Park, and D. H. Choi, “Unusual characteristics of diffraction gratings in a liquid crystal cell,” Adv. Mater. 14, 983–988 (2002).

Kim, H.-R.

E. Jang, H.-R. Kim, Y.-J. Na, and S.-D. Lee, “Multistage optical memory of a liquid crystal diffraction grating in a single beam rewriting scheme,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

C.-J. Yu, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, M.-S. Jung, and S.-D. Lee, “Design of binary diffraction gratings of liquid crystals in a linearly graded phase model,” Appl. Opt. 43, 1783–1788 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Park, C.-J. Yu, J. Kim, S.-Y. Chung, and S.-D. Lee, “Concept of a liquid-crystal polarization beamsplitter based on binary phase gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1918–1920 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.-T.

E. Jang, H. Baac, Y.-T. Kim, and S.-D. Lee, “Electrically and optically controllable liquid crystal grating with a patterned surface-command layer,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 453, 293–300 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kreuzer, M.

Kriezis, E. E.

C. V. Brown, E. E. Kriezis, and S. J. Elston, “Optical diffraction from a liquid crystal phase grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 3495–3500 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kuksenok, O. V.

E. Ouskova, D. Fedorenko, Y. Reznikov, S. V. Shiyanovskii, L. Su, J. L. West, O. V. Kuksenok, O. Francescangeli, and F. Simoni, “Hidden photoalignment of liquid crystals in the isotropic phase,” Phys. Rev. E 63, 021701 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-R.

J.-R. Wang, C.-R. Lee, M.-R. Lee, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Photorefractive effect induced by polarization gratings in dye-doped liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 29, 110–112 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C.-R. Lee, T.-L. Fu, K.-T. Cheng, T.-S. Mo, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Surface-assisted photoalignment in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 031704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M.-R.

Lee, S.-D.

E. Jang, H.-R. Kim, Y.-J. Na, and S.-D. Lee, “Multistage optical memory of a liquid crystal diffraction grating in a single beam rewriting scheme,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Jang, H. Baac, Y.-T. Kim, and S.-D. Lee, “Electrically and optically controllable liquid crystal grating with a patterned surface-command layer,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 453, 293–300 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C.-J. Yu, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, M.-S. Jung, and S.-D. Lee, “Design of binary diffraction gratings of liquid crystals in a linearly graded phase model,” Appl. Opt. 43, 1783–1788 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Park, C.-J. Yu, J. Kim, S.-Y. Chung, and S.-D. Lee, “Concept of a liquid-crystal polarization beamsplitter based on binary phase gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1918–1920 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Kim, S.-D. Lee, S. Y. Park, and D. H. Choi, “Unusual characteristics of diffraction gratings in a liquid crystal cell,” Adv. Mater. 14, 983–988 (2002).

Lee, W.

Liou, J. D.

Macdonald, R.

Masuda, S.

S. Masuda, T. Nose, R. Yamaguchi, and S. Sato, “A radial molecular orientation using a flow-induced aligning method in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 4129–4132 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mo, T.-S.

C.-R. Lee, T.-L. Fu, K.-T. Cheng, T.-S. Mo, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Surface-assisted photoalignment in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 031704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moses, T.

Y. Ouchi, M. B. Feller, T. Moses, and Y. R. Shen, “Surface memory effect at the liquid-crystal-polymer interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3040–3043 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Na, Y.-J.

E. Jang, H.-R. Kim, Y.-J. Na, and S.-D. Lee, “Multistage optical memory of a liquid crystal diffraction grating in a single beam rewriting scheme,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nose, T.

S. Masuda, T. Nose, R. Yamaguchi, and S. Sato, “A radial molecular orientation using a flow-induced aligning method in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 4129–4132 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ouchi, Y.

Y. Ouchi, M. B. Feller, T. Moses, and Y. R. Shen, “Surface memory effect at the liquid-crystal-polymer interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3040–3043 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ouskova, E.

E. Ouskova, D. Fedorenko, Y. Reznikov, S. V. Shiyanovskii, L. Su, J. L. West, O. V. Kuksenok, O. Francescangeli, and F. Simoni, “Hidden photoalignment of liquid crystals in the isotropic phase,” Phys. Rev. E 63, 021701 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pagliusi, P.

Park, J.-H.

Park, S. Y.

B. J. Kim, S.-D. Lee, S. Y. Park, and D. H. Choi, “Unusual characteristics of diffraction gratings in a liquid crystal cell,” Adv. Mater. 14, 983–988 (2002).

Pei, Y.

Pellat-Finet, P.

M. L. Doucen and P. Pellat-Finet, “Polarization properties and diffraction efficiencies of binary anisotropic gratings: general study and experiments on ferroelectric liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 151, 321–330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Popa-Nita, V.

G. Barbero and V. Popa-Nita, “Model for the planar-homeotropic anchoring transition induced by trans-cis isomerization,” Phys. Rev. E 61, 6696–6698 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Presnyakov, V.

Reshetnyak, V.

O. Francescangeli, S. Slussarenko, F. Simoni, D. Andrienko, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Light-induced surface sliding of the nematic director in liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1855–1858 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Residori, S.

Reznikov, Y.

E. Ouskova, D. Fedorenko, Y. Reznikov, S. V. Shiyanovskii, L. Su, J. L. West, O. V. Kuksenok, O. Francescangeli, and F. Simoni, “Hidden photoalignment of liquid crystals in the isotropic phase,” Phys. Rev. E 63, 021701 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. Francescangeli, S. Slussarenko, F. Simoni, D. Andrienko, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Light-induced surface sliding of the nematic director in liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1855–1858 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, F. Simoni, and Y. Reznikov, “High resolution polarization gratings in liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3613–3615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Saad, B.

T. V. Galstian, B. Saad, and M.-M. Denariez-Roberge, “Asymmetric resonant optical torque in azo-dye-doped liquid crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 790–794 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sato, S.

S. Masuda, T. Nose, R. Yamaguchi, and S. Sato, “A radial molecular orientation using a flow-induced aligning method in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 4129–4132 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

Y. Ouchi, M. B. Feller, T. Moses, and Y. R. Shen, “Surface memory effect at the liquid-crystal-polymer interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3040–3043 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shiyanovskii, S. V.

E. Ouskova, D. Fedorenko, Y. Reznikov, S. V. Shiyanovskii, L. Su, J. L. West, O. V. Kuksenok, O. Francescangeli, and F. Simoni, “Hidden photoalignment of liquid crystals in the isotropic phase,” Phys. Rev. E 63, 021701 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Simoni, F.

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O. Francescangeli, S. Slussarenko, F. Simoni, D. Andrienko, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Light-induced surface sliding of the nematic director in liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1855–1858 (1999).
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S. Slussarenko, O. Francescangeli, F. Simoni, and Y. Reznikov, “High resolution polarization gratings in liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3613–3615 (1997).
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O. Francescangeli, S. Slussarenko, F. Simoni, D. Andrienko, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Light-induced surface sliding of the nematic director in liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1855–1858 (1999).
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J.-H. Park, C.-J. Yu, J. Kim, S.-Y. Chung, and S.-D. Lee, “Concept of a liquid-crystal polarization beamsplitter based on binary phase gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1918–1920 (2003).
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O. Francescangeli, S. Slussarenko, F. Simoni, D. Andrienko, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Light-induced surface sliding of the nematic director in liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1855–1858 (1999).
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