Abstract

A tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy device was developed to study atmospheric propagation for emerging high-energy laser weapons. The cesium diode-pumped alkali laser operates near 895 nm in the vicinity of several water-vapor absorption lines. Temperature, pressure, and water vapor concentration were determined for 150 m and 1 km open paths with statistical errors of 0.2%. Comparison with meteorological instruments yields agreement for the 1 km path to within 0.6% for temperature, 3.7% for pressure, and 2.4% for concentration.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2012 (1)

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Garanin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapour laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42, 95–98 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

G. Pitz, C. Fox, and G. Perram, “Transfer between the cesium 6P1/22 and 6P3/22 levels induced by collisions with H2, HD, D2, CH4, C2H6, CF4, and C2F6,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 032708 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Rice and G. Perram, “A tunable diode laser absorption system for long path atmospheric transmission and high energy laser applications,” Proc. SPIE 7924, 79240K (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

G. A. Pitz, C. D. Fox, and G. P. Perram, “Pressure broadening and shift of the cesium D2 transition by the noble gases and N2, H2, HD, D2, CH4, C2H6, CF4, and He3 with comparison to the D1 transition,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 042502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Durry, J. S. Li, I. Vinogradov, A. Titov, L. Joly, J. Cousin, and T. Decarpenterie, “Near infrared diode laser spectroscopy of C2H2, H2O, CO2 and their isotopologues and the application to TDLAS, a tunable diode laser spectrometer for the Martian PHOBOS-GRUNT space mission,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 339–351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Pitz, D. Wertepny, and G. Perram, “Pressure broadening and shift of the cesium D1 transition by the noble gases and N2, H2, HD, D2, CH4, C2H6, CF4, and He3,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 062718 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov, M. Shaffer, and R. Knize, “Cs laser with unstable cavity transversely pumped by multiple diode lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 14767–14770 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, I. Pasti, R. Pieruschka, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Distributed feedback diode laser spectrometer at 2.7  μm for sensitive, spatially resolved H2O vapor detection,” Appl. Opt. 48, B172–B182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (7)

S. Hunsmann, K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, high resolution water transpiration rate measurements on single plant leaves via tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) at 1.37 μm,” Appl. Phys. B. 92, 393–401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Gourevitch, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, D. A. Hostutler, and L. Glebov, “Continuous wave, 30 W laser-diode bar with 10 GHz linewidth for Rb laser pumping,” Opt. Lett. 33, 702–704 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Readle, C. Wagner, J. Verdeyen, D. Carroll, and J. Eden, “Lasing in Cs at 894.3 nm pumped by the dissociation of CsAr excimers,” Electron. Lett. 44, 1466–1467 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov, J. Sell, and R. Knize, “Multiple laser diode array pumped Cs laser with 48 W output power,” Electron. Lett. 44, 582–583 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov, M. Shaffer, J. Sell, and R. Knize, “Cesium vapor laser with transverse pumping by multiple laser diode arrays,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5862 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov and R. Knize, “Advanced diode-pumped alkali lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7022, 70220J (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Krupke, “Diode pumped alkali lasers (DPALs)—an overview,” Proc. SPIE 7005, 700521 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

B. Zhdanov and R. Knize, “Diode-pumped 10 W continuous wave cesium laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2167–2169 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov, F. Kontur, S. Phipps, F. Hallada, P. Elsbernd, W. Miller, A. Peay, and R. Knize, “Tunable single frequency cesium laser,” Opt. Commun. 280, 161–164 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

B. Zhdanov, T. Ehrenreich, and R. Knize, “Highly efficient optically pumped cesium vapor laser,” Opt. Commun. 260, 696 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Le Barbu, I. Vinogradov, G. Durry, O. Korablev, E. Chassefiere, and J. L. Bertaux, “TDLAS a laser diode sensor for the in situ monitoring of H2O, CO2 and their isotopes in the Martian atmosphere,” Adv. Space Res. 38, 718–725(2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41, 7–9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Clough, M. Shephard, E. Mlawer, J. Delamere, M. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233–244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Gurlit, R. Zimmermann, C. Giesemann, T. Fernholz, V. Ebert, J. Wolfrum, U. Platt, and J. P. Burrows, “Lightweight diode laser spectrometer CHILD (compact high-altitude in-situ laser diode) for balloonborne measurements of water vapor and methane,” Appl. Opt. 44, 94–102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (3)

G. S. Diskin, J. R. Podolske, G. W. Sachse, and T. A. Slate, “Open-path airborne tunable diode laser hygrometer,” Proc. SPIE 4817, 196–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Durry, A. Hauchecorne, J. Ovarlez, H. Ovarlez, I. Pouchet, V. Zeninari, and B. Parvitte, “In situ measurement of H2O and CH4 with telecommunication laser diodes in the lower stratosphere: dehydration and indication of a tropical air intrusion at mid-latitudes,” J. Atmos. Chem. 43, 175–194 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Durry, T. Danguy, and I. Pouchet, “Open multipass absorption cell for in situ monitoring of stratospheric trace gas with telecommunication laser diodes,” Appl. Opt. 41, 424–433 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

D. M. Sonnenfroh, W. J. Kessler, J. C. Magill, B. L. Upschulte, M. G. Allen, and J. D. W. Barrick, “In-situ sensing of tropospheric water vapor using an airborne near-IR diode laser hygrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 275–282 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Allen, M. G.

D. M. Sonnenfroh, W. J. Kessler, J. C. Magill, B. L. Upschulte, M. G. Allen, and J. D. W. Barrick, “In-situ sensing of tropospheric water vapor using an airborne near-IR diode laser hygrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 275–282 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barbe, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Barrick, J. D. W.

D. M. Sonnenfroh, W. J. Kessler, J. C. Magill, B. L. Upschulte, M. G. Allen, and J. D. W. Barrick, “In-situ sensing of tropospheric water vapor using an airborne near-IR diode laser hygrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 275–282 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Beach, R. J.

Benner, D. C.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bernath, P. F.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bertaux, J. L.

T. Le Barbu, I. Vinogradov, G. Durry, O. Korablev, E. Chassefiere, and J. L. Bertaux, “TDLAS a laser diode sensor for the in situ monitoring of H2O, CO2 and their isotopes in the Martian atmosphere,” Adv. Space Res. 38, 718–725(2006).
[CrossRef]

Birk, M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bogachev, A. V.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Garanin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapour laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42, 95–98 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Boudon, V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boukabara, S.

S. Clough, M. Shephard, E. Mlawer, J. Delamere, M. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233–244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brown, I. R.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brown, P. D.

S. Clough, M. Shephard, E. Mlawer, J. Delamere, M. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233–244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Burrows, J. P.

W. Gurlit, R. Zimmermann, C. Giesemann, T. Fernholz, V. Ebert, J. Wolfrum, U. Platt, and J. P. Burrows, “Lightweight diode laser spectrometer CHILD (compact high-altitude in-situ laser diode) for balloonborne measurements of water vapor and methane,” Appl. Opt. 44, 94–102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cady-Pereira, K.

S. Clough, M. Shephard, E. Mlawer, J. Delamere, M. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233–244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Campargue, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Carroll, D.

J. Readle, C. Wagner, J. Verdeyen, D. Carroll, and J. Eden, “Lasing in Cs at 894.3 nm pumped by the dissociation of CsAr excimers,” Electron. Lett. 44, 1466–1467 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Champion, J.-P.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chassefiere, E.

T. Le Barbu, I. Vinogradov, G. Durry, O. Korablev, E. Chassefiere, and J. L. Bertaux, “TDLAS a laser diode sensor for the in situ monitoring of H2O, CO2 and their isotopes in the Martian atmosphere,” Adv. Space Res. 38, 718–725(2006).
[CrossRef]

Clough, S.

S. Clough, M. Shephard, E. Mlawer, J. Delamere, M. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233–244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Coudert, L. H.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cousin, J.

G. Durry, J. S. Li, I. Vinogradov, A. Titov, L. Joly, J. Cousin, and T. Decarpenterie, “Near infrared diode laser spectroscopy of C2H2, H2O, CO2 and their isotopologues and the application to TDLAS, a tunable diode laser spectrometer for the Martian PHOBOS-GRUNT space mission,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 339–351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dana, V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Danguy, T.

Decarpenterie, T.

G. Durry, J. S. Li, I. Vinogradov, A. Titov, L. Joly, J. Cousin, and T. Decarpenterie, “Near infrared diode laser spectroscopy of C2H2, H2O, CO2 and their isotopologues and the application to TDLAS, a tunable diode laser spectrometer for the Martian PHOBOS-GRUNT space mission,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 339–351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Delamere, J.

S. Clough, M. Shephard, E. Mlawer, J. Delamere, M. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233–244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Devi, V. M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Diskin, G. S.

G. S. Diskin, J. R. Podolske, G. W. Sachse, and T. A. Slate, “Open-path airborne tunable diode laser hygrometer,” Proc. SPIE 4817, 196–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dudov, A. M.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Garanin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapour laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42, 95–98 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Durry, G.

G. Durry, J. S. Li, I. Vinogradov, A. Titov, L. Joly, J. Cousin, and T. Decarpenterie, “Near infrared diode laser spectroscopy of C2H2, H2O, CO2 and their isotopologues and the application to TDLAS, a tunable diode laser spectrometer for the Martian PHOBOS-GRUNT space mission,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 339–351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Le Barbu, I. Vinogradov, G. Durry, O. Korablev, E. Chassefiere, and J. L. Bertaux, “TDLAS a laser diode sensor for the in situ monitoring of H2O, CO2 and their isotopes in the Martian atmosphere,” Adv. Space Res. 38, 718–725(2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Durry, A. Hauchecorne, J. Ovarlez, H. Ovarlez, I. Pouchet, V. Zeninari, and B. Parvitte, “In situ measurement of H2O and CH4 with telecommunication laser diodes in the lower stratosphere: dehydration and indication of a tropical air intrusion at mid-latitudes,” J. Atmos. Chem. 43, 175–194 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Durry, T. Danguy, and I. Pouchet, “Open multipass absorption cell for in situ monitoring of stratospheric trace gas with telecommunication laser diodes,” Appl. Opt. 41, 424–433 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Durry and G. Megie, “In situ measurements of H2O from a stratospheric balloon by diode laser direct-differential absorption spectroscopy at 1.39 mm,” Appl. Opt. 39, 5601–5608 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Durry and G. Megie, “Atmospheric CH4 and H2O monitoring with near-infrared InGaAs laser diodes by the SDLA, a balloonborne spectrometer for tropospheric and stratospheric in situ measurements,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7342–7354 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ebert, V.

K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, I. Pasti, R. Pieruschka, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Distributed feedback diode laser spectrometer at 2.7  μm for sensitive, spatially resolved H2O vapor detection,” Appl. Opt. 48, B172–B182 (2009).
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S. Hunsmann, K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, high resolution water transpiration rate measurements on single plant leaves via tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) at 1.37 μm,” Appl. Phys. B. 92, 393–401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Gurlit, R. Zimmermann, C. Giesemann, T. Fernholz, V. Ebert, J. Wolfrum, U. Platt, and J. P. Burrows, “Lightweight diode laser spectrometer CHILD (compact high-altitude in-situ laser diode) for balloonborne measurements of water vapor and methane,” Appl. Opt. 44, 94–102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eden, J.

J. Readle, C. Wagner, J. Verdeyen, D. Carroll, and J. Eden, “Lasing in Cs at 894.3 nm pumped by the dissociation of CsAr excimers,” Electron. Lett. 44, 1466–1467 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ehrenreich, T.

B. Zhdanov, T. Ehrenreich, and R. Knize, “Highly efficient optically pumped cesium vapor laser,” Opt. Commun. 260, 696 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41, 7–9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Elsbernd, P.

B. Zhdanov, F. Kontur, S. Phipps, F. Hallada, P. Elsbernd, W. Miller, A. Peay, and R. Knize, “Tunable single frequency cesium laser,” Opt. Commun. 280, 161–164 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fally, S.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fernholz, T.

W. Gurlit, R. Zimmermann, C. Giesemann, T. Fernholz, V. Ebert, J. Wolfrum, U. Platt, and J. P. Burrows, “Lightweight diode laser spectrometer CHILD (compact high-altitude in-situ laser diode) for balloonborne measurements of water vapor and methane,” Appl. Opt. 44, 94–102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Flaud, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fox, C.

G. Pitz, C. Fox, and G. Perram, “Transfer between the cesium 6P1/22 and 6P3/22 levels induced by collisions with H2, HD, D2, CH4, C2H6, CF4, and C2F6,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 032708 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fox, C. D.

G. A. Pitz, C. D. Fox, and G. P. Perram, “Pressure broadening and shift of the cesium D2 transition by the noble gases and N2, H2, HD, D2, CH4, C2H6, CF4, and He3 with comparison to the D1 transition,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 042502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gamache, R. R.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Garanin, S. G.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Garanin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapour laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42, 95–98 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Giesemann, C.

W. Gurlit, R. Zimmermann, C. Giesemann, T. Fernholz, V. Ebert, J. Wolfrum, U. Platt, and J. P. Burrows, “Lightweight diode laser spectrometer CHILD (compact high-altitude in-situ laser diode) for balloonborne measurements of water vapor and methane,” Appl. Opt. 44, 94–102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Glebov, L.

Goldman, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, I. E.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gourevitch, A.

Gurlit, W.

W. Gurlit, R. Zimmermann, C. Giesemann, T. Fernholz, V. Ebert, J. Wolfrum, U. Platt, and J. P. Burrows, “Lightweight diode laser spectrometer CHILD (compact high-altitude in-situ laser diode) for balloonborne measurements of water vapor and methane,” Appl. Opt. 44, 94–102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hallada, F.

B. Zhdanov, F. Kontur, S. Phipps, F. Hallada, P. Elsbernd, W. Miller, A. Peay, and R. Knize, “Tunable single frequency cesium laser,” Opt. Commun. 280, 161–164 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hauchecorne, A.

G. Durry, A. Hauchecorne, J. Ovarlez, H. Ovarlez, I. Pouchet, V. Zeninari, and B. Parvitte, “In situ measurement of H2O and CH4 with telecommunication laser diodes in the lower stratosphere: dehydration and indication of a tropical air intrusion at mid-latitudes,” J. Atmos. Chem. 43, 175–194 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hostutler, D. A.

Hunsmann, S.

S. Hunsmann, K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, high resolution water transpiration rate measurements on single plant leaves via tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) at 1.37 μm,” Appl. Phys. B. 92, 393–401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Iacono, M.

S. Clough, M. Shephard, E. Mlawer, J. Delamere, M. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233–244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jacquemart, D.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Joly, L.

G. Durry, J. S. Li, I. Vinogradov, A. Titov, L. Joly, J. Cousin, and T. Decarpenterie, “Near infrared diode laser spectroscopy of C2H2, H2O, CO2 and their isotopologues and the application to TDLAS, a tunable diode laser spectrometer for the Martian PHOBOS-GRUNT space mission,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 339–351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kanz, V. K.

Kessler, W. J.

D. M. Sonnenfroh, W. J. Kessler, J. C. Magill, B. L. Upschulte, M. G. Allen, and J. D. W. Barrick, “In-situ sensing of tropospheric water vapor using an airborne near-IR diode laser hygrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 275–282 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kleiner, I.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Knize, R.

B. Zhdanov, M. Shaffer, and R. Knize, “Cs laser with unstable cavity transversely pumped by multiple diode lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 14767–14770 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov, J. Sell, and R. Knize, “Multiple laser diode array pumped Cs laser with 48 W output power,” Electron. Lett. 44, 582–583 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov, M. Shaffer, J. Sell, and R. Knize, “Cesium vapor laser with transverse pumping by multiple laser diode arrays,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5862 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov and R. Knize, “Advanced diode-pumped alkali lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7022, 70220J (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov, F. Kontur, S. Phipps, F. Hallada, P. Elsbernd, W. Miller, A. Peay, and R. Knize, “Tunable single frequency cesium laser,” Opt. Commun. 280, 161–164 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov and R. Knize, “Diode-pumped 10 W continuous wave cesium laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2167–2169 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov, T. Ehrenreich, and R. Knize, “Highly efficient optically pumped cesium vapor laser,” Opt. Commun. 260, 696 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Knize, R. J.

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41, 7–9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kontur, F.

B. Zhdanov, F. Kontur, S. Phipps, F. Hallada, P. Elsbernd, W. Miller, A. Peay, and R. Knize, “Tunable single frequency cesium laser,” Opt. Commun. 280, 161–164 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Korablev, O.

T. Le Barbu, I. Vinogradov, G. Durry, O. Korablev, E. Chassefiere, and J. L. Bertaux, “TDLAS a laser diode sensor for the in situ monitoring of H2O, CO2 and their isotopes in the Martian atmosphere,” Adv. Space Res. 38, 718–725(2006).
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L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
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L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
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A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Garanin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapour laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42, 95–98 (2012).
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G. Durry, A. Hauchecorne, J. Ovarlez, H. Ovarlez, I. Pouchet, V. Zeninari, and B. Parvitte, “In situ measurement of H2O and CH4 with telecommunication laser diodes in the lower stratosphere: dehydration and indication of a tropical air intrusion at mid-latitudes,” J. Atmos. Chem. 43, 175–194 (2002).
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Pautov, V. O.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Garanin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapour laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42, 95–98 (2012).
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Peay, A.

B. Zhdanov, F. Kontur, S. Phipps, F. Hallada, P. Elsbernd, W. Miller, A. Peay, and R. Knize, “Tunable single frequency cesium laser,” Opt. Commun. 280, 161–164 (2007).
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G. A. Pitz, C. D. Fox, and G. P. Perram, “Pressure broadening and shift of the cesium D2 transition by the noble gases and N2, H2, HD, D2, CH4, C2H6, CF4, and He3 with comparison to the D1 transition,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 042502 (2010).
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L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
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B. Zhdanov, F. Kontur, S. Phipps, F. Hallada, P. Elsbernd, W. Miller, A. Peay, and R. Knize, “Tunable single frequency cesium laser,” Opt. Commun. 280, 161–164 (2007).
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Pitz, G.

G. Pitz, C. Fox, and G. Perram, “Transfer between the cesium 6P1/22 and 6P3/22 levels induced by collisions with H2, HD, D2, CH4, C2H6, CF4, and C2F6,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 032708 (2011).
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G. Pitz, D. Wertepny, and G. Perram, “Pressure broadening and shift of the cesium D1 transition by the noble gases and N2, H2, HD, D2, CH4, C2H6, CF4, and He3,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 062718 (2009).
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Pitz, G. A.

G. A. Pitz, C. D. Fox, and G. P. Perram, “Pressure broadening and shift of the cesium D2 transition by the noble gases and N2, H2, HD, D2, CH4, C2H6, CF4, and He3 with comparison to the D1 transition,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 042502 (2010).
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W. Gurlit, R. Zimmermann, C. Giesemann, T. Fernholz, V. Ebert, J. Wolfrum, U. Platt, and J. P. Burrows, “Lightweight diode laser spectrometer CHILD (compact high-altitude in-situ laser diode) for balloonborne measurements of water vapor and methane,” Appl. Opt. 44, 94–102 (2005).
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G. Durry, A. Hauchecorne, J. Ovarlez, H. Ovarlez, I. Pouchet, V. Zeninari, and B. Parvitte, “In situ measurement of H2O and CH4 with telecommunication laser diodes in the lower stratosphere: dehydration and indication of a tropical air intrusion at mid-latitudes,” J. Atmos. Chem. 43, 175–194 (2002).
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G. Durry, T. Danguy, and I. Pouchet, “Open multipass absorption cell for in situ monitoring of stratospheric trace gas with telecommunication laser diodes,” Appl. Opt. 41, 424–433 (2002).
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L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
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C. Rice and G. Perram, “A tunable diode laser absorption system for long path atmospheric transmission and high energy laser applications,” Proc. SPIE 7924, 79240K (2011).
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C. Rice and G. Perram, “Investigation of atmospheric O2X3Σg−−b1Σg+ using open-path tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B (submitted 22, February2012).

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L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
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L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rothman, L. S.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rus, A. V.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Garanin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapour laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42, 95–98 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sachse, G. W.

G. S. Diskin, J. R. Podolske, G. W. Sachse, and T. A. Slate, “Open-path airborne tunable diode laser hygrometer,” Proc. SPIE 4817, 196–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schurr, U.

K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, I. Pasti, R. Pieruschka, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Distributed feedback diode laser spectrometer at 2.7  μm for sensitive, spatially resolved H2O vapor detection,” Appl. Opt. 48, B172–B182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Hunsmann, K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, high resolution water transpiration rate measurements on single plant leaves via tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) at 1.37 μm,” Appl. Phys. B. 92, 393–401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sell, J.

B. Zhdanov, M. Shaffer, J. Sell, and R. Knize, “Cesium vapor laser with transverse pumping by multiple laser diode arrays,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5862 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov, J. Sell, and R. Knize, “Multiple laser diode array pumped Cs laser with 48 W output power,” Electron. Lett. 44, 582–583 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shaffer, M.

B. Zhdanov, M. Shaffer, and R. Knize, “Cs laser with unstable cavity transversely pumped by multiple diode lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 14767–14770 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov, M. Shaffer, J. Sell, and R. Knize, “Cesium vapor laser with transverse pumping by multiple laser diode arrays,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5862 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shephard, M.

S. Clough, M. Shephard, E. Mlawer, J. Delamere, M. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233–244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Šimecková, M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Slate, T. A.

G. S. Diskin, J. R. Podolske, G. W. Sachse, and T. A. Slate, “Open-path airborne tunable diode laser hygrometer,” Proc. SPIE 4817, 196–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, V.

Smith, M. A. H.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sonnenfroh, D. M.

D. M. Sonnenfroh, W. J. Kessler, J. C. Magill, B. L. Upschulte, M. G. Allen, and J. D. W. Barrick, “In-situ sensing of tropospheric water vapor using an airborne near-IR diode laser hygrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 275–282 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sukharev, S. A.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Garanin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapour laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42, 95–98 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sung, K.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takekoshi, T.

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41, 7–9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tashkun, S. A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tennyson, J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Titov, A.

G. Durry, J. S. Li, I. Vinogradov, A. Titov, L. Joly, J. Cousin, and T. Decarpenterie, “Near infrared diode laser spectroscopy of C2H2, H2O, CO2 and their isotopologues and the application to TDLAS, a tunable diode laser spectrometer for the Martian PHOBOS-GRUNT space mission,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 339–351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Toth, R. A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Upschulte, B. L.

D. M. Sonnenfroh, W. J. Kessler, J. C. Magill, B. L. Upschulte, M. G. Allen, and J. D. W. Barrick, “In-situ sensing of tropospheric water vapor using an airborne near-IR diode laser hygrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 275–282 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vandaele, A. C.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vander Auwera, J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Venus, G.

Verdeyen, J.

J. Readle, C. Wagner, J. Verdeyen, D. Carroll, and J. Eden, “Lasing in Cs at 894.3 nm pumped by the dissociation of CsAr excimers,” Electron. Lett. 44, 1466–1467 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vinogradov, I.

G. Durry, J. S. Li, I. Vinogradov, A. Titov, L. Joly, J. Cousin, and T. Decarpenterie, “Near infrared diode laser spectroscopy of C2H2, H2O, CO2 and their isotopologues and the application to TDLAS, a tunable diode laser spectrometer for the Martian PHOBOS-GRUNT space mission,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 339–351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Le Barbu, I. Vinogradov, G. Durry, O. Korablev, E. Chassefiere, and J. L. Bertaux, “TDLAS a laser diode sensor for the in situ monitoring of H2O, CO2 and their isotopes in the Martian atmosphere,” Adv. Space Res. 38, 718–725(2006).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, C.

J. Readle, C. Wagner, J. Verdeyen, D. Carroll, and J. Eden, “Lasing in Cs at 894.3 nm pumped by the dissociation of CsAr excimers,” Electron. Lett. 44, 1466–1467 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, S.

K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, I. Pasti, R. Pieruschka, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Distributed feedback diode laser spectrometer at 2.7  μm for sensitive, spatially resolved H2O vapor detection,” Appl. Opt. 48, B172–B182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Hunsmann, K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, high resolution water transpiration rate measurements on single plant leaves via tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) at 1.37 μm,” Appl. Phys. B. 92, 393–401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wertepny, D.

G. Pitz, D. Wertepny, and G. Perram, “Pressure broadening and shift of the cesium D1 transition by the noble gases and N2, H2, HD, D2, CH4, C2H6, CF4, and He3,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 062718 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wolfrum, J.

W. Gurlit, R. Zimmermann, C. Giesemann, T. Fernholz, V. Ebert, J. Wolfrum, U. Platt, and J. P. Burrows, “Lightweight diode laser spectrometer CHILD (compact high-altitude in-situ laser diode) for balloonborne measurements of water vapor and methane,” Appl. Opt. 44, 94–102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wunderle, K.

K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, I. Pasti, R. Pieruschka, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Distributed feedback diode laser spectrometer at 2.7  μm for sensitive, spatially resolved H2O vapor detection,” Appl. Opt. 48, B172–B182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Hunsmann, K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, high resolution water transpiration rate measurements on single plant leaves via tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) at 1.37 μm,” Appl. Phys. B. 92, 393–401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yeroshenko, V. A.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Garanin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapour laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42, 95–98 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zeninari, V.

G. Durry, A. Hauchecorne, J. Ovarlez, H. Ovarlez, I. Pouchet, V. Zeninari, and B. Parvitte, “In situ measurement of H2O and CH4 with telecommunication laser diodes in the lower stratosphere: dehydration and indication of a tropical air intrusion at mid-latitudes,” J. Atmos. Chem. 43, 175–194 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhdanov, B.

B. Zhdanov, M. Shaffer, and R. Knize, “Cs laser with unstable cavity transversely pumped by multiple diode lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 14767–14770 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov, M. Shaffer, J. Sell, and R. Knize, “Cesium vapor laser with transverse pumping by multiple laser diode arrays,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5862 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov, J. Sell, and R. Knize, “Multiple laser diode array pumped Cs laser with 48 W output power,” Electron. Lett. 44, 582–583 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov and R. Knize, “Advanced diode-pumped alkali lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7022, 70220J (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov and R. Knize, “Diode-pumped 10 W continuous wave cesium laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2167–2169 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov, F. Kontur, S. Phipps, F. Hallada, P. Elsbernd, W. Miller, A. Peay, and R. Knize, “Tunable single frequency cesium laser,” Opt. Commun. 280, 161–164 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov, T. Ehrenreich, and R. Knize, “Highly efficient optically pumped cesium vapor laser,” Opt. Commun. 260, 696 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41, 7–9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zimmermann, R.

W. Gurlit, R. Zimmermann, C. Giesemann, T. Fernholz, V. Ebert, J. Wolfrum, U. Platt, and J. P. Burrows, “Lightweight diode laser spectrometer CHILD (compact high-altitude in-situ laser diode) for balloonborne measurements of water vapor and methane,” Appl. Opt. 44, 94–102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Space Res. (1)

T. Le Barbu, I. Vinogradov, G. Durry, O. Korablev, E. Chassefiere, and J. L. Bertaux, “TDLAS a laser diode sensor for the in situ monitoring of H2O, CO2 and their isotopes in the Martian atmosphere,” Adv. Space Res. 38, 718–725(2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

G. Durry, J. S. Li, I. Vinogradov, A. Titov, L. Joly, J. Cousin, and T. Decarpenterie, “Near infrared diode laser spectroscopy of C2H2, H2O, CO2 and their isotopologues and the application to TDLAS, a tunable diode laser spectrometer for the Martian PHOBOS-GRUNT space mission,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 339–351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Sonnenfroh, W. J. Kessler, J. C. Magill, B. L. Upschulte, M. G. Allen, and J. D. W. Barrick, “In-situ sensing of tropospheric water vapor using an airborne near-IR diode laser hygrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 275–282 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

S. Hunsmann, K. Wunderle, S. Wagner, U. Rascher, U. Schurr, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, high resolution water transpiration rate measurements on single plant leaves via tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) at 1.37 μm,” Appl. Phys. B. 92, 393–401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41, 7–9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Readle, C. Wagner, J. Verdeyen, D. Carroll, and J. Eden, “Lasing in Cs at 894.3 nm pumped by the dissociation of CsAr excimers,” Electron. Lett. 44, 1466–1467 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov, J. Sell, and R. Knize, “Multiple laser diode array pumped Cs laser with 48 W output power,” Electron. Lett. 44, 582–583 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Chem. (1)

G. Durry, A. Hauchecorne, J. Ovarlez, H. Ovarlez, I. Pouchet, V. Zeninari, and B. Parvitte, “In situ measurement of H2O and CH4 with telecommunication laser diodes in the lower stratosphere: dehydration and indication of a tropical air intrusion at mid-latitudes,” J. Atmos. Chem. 43, 175–194 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (2)

S. Clough, M. Shephard, E. Mlawer, J. Delamere, M. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, “Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 91, 233–244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, I. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Šimečková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

B. Zhdanov, M. Shaffer, J. Sell, and R. Knize, “Cesium vapor laser with transverse pumping by multiple laser diode arrays,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5862 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov, T. Ehrenreich, and R. Knize, “Highly efficient optically pumped cesium vapor laser,” Opt. Commun. 260, 696 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhdanov, F. Kontur, S. Phipps, F. Hallada, P. Elsbernd, W. Miller, A. Peay, and R. Knize, “Tunable single frequency cesium laser,” Opt. Commun. 280, 161–164 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

G. Pitz, C. Fox, and G. Perram, “Transfer between the cesium 6P1/22 and 6P3/22 levels induced by collisions with H2, HD, D2, CH4, C2H6, CF4, and C2F6,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 032708 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Pitz, D. Wertepny, and G. Perram, “Pressure broadening and shift of the cesium D1 transition by the noble gases and N2, H2, HD, D2, CH4, C2H6, CF4, and He3,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 062718 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Pitz, C. D. Fox, and G. P. Perram, “Pressure broadening and shift of the cesium D2 transition by the noble gases and N2, H2, HD, D2, CH4, C2H6, CF4, and He3 with comparison to the D1 transition,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 042502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (4)

B. Zhdanov and R. Knize, “Advanced diode-pumped alkali lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7022, 70220J (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Krupke, “Diode pumped alkali lasers (DPALs)—an overview,” Proc. SPIE 7005, 700521 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Rice and G. Perram, “A tunable diode laser absorption system for long path atmospheric transmission and high energy laser applications,” Proc. SPIE 7924, 79240K (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Diskin, J. R. Podolske, G. W. Sachse, and T. A. Slate, “Open-path airborne tunable diode laser hygrometer,” Proc. SPIE 4817, 196–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Garanin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapour laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42, 95–98 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

W. F. Krupke, “Diode-pumped alkali laser,” U.S. patent 6,643,311 (23October2001).

C. Rice and G. Perram, “Investigation of atmospheric O2X3Σg−−b1Σg+ using open-path tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B (submitted 22, February2012).

G. Lott, “Cesium absorption spectrum perturbed by argon: observation of non-Lorentzian wing properties,” Master’s thesis (Air Force Institute of Technology, 2012).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Diagram of TDLAS system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Data-collection geometry for the 150 m (top) and 1 km (bottom) paths showing the position of the TDLAS transmitting and receiving telescopes to the east (A) and the turning mirror at the west side of the open path (B). Buildings are depicted in black while pavement is depicted in gray. Wind prevailed in the northerly direction for both cases.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Example spectrum demonstrating (a) the It and I0 detector response and (b) the A=ln(It/I0) for water vapor over tunable laser range and the typical baseline curvature.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Example absorption spectra for 150 m (black) and 1 km (gray) open-path outdoor collections with low-pressure Cs D1 hyperfine lines located in path.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Structure of Cs including four hyperfine lines that make up the lasing emission on the D1 line.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

TDLAS spectra for (a) 67 °C Cs cell and 150 m path length and (c) 65 °C Cs cell and 1 km path, and (b), (d) corresponding fit residuals.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a) Variations in temperature, (b) RH, and (c) pressure during experimental collections for the 150 m path with a sensor located near the transmit telescope (black) and another near the turning mirror (gray), and (d), (e), (f) for 1 km path lengths with a single sensor placed in the center of the path.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Simulation of 1 km horizontal atmospheric path (gray) with the simulated gain profiles of a Cs vapor gain cell with 0 atm He (solid black), 1 atm He (dashed black), and 10 atm He (dotted black), each with a buffer gas mixture including 100 Torr C2H6. Gain profiles are normalized to one.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Simulation of 1 km horizontal atmospheric path (thin black) to simulated Cs cell with 100 Torr C2H6 (gray), with 3 atm of Ar (thick black), and a laboratory Cs cell with 3 atm of Ar (x).

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Simulations of a 10 km altitude atmospheric path with a 100 km slant range (black curve), a 1 km horizontal atmospheric path (dotted curve), and a 100 Torr C2H6 gain cell (gray).

Equations (1)

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A(v˜)=ln(It(v˜)I0(v˜))b(v˜)=b(v˜)Σiσi(v˜)NiL

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