Abstract

We investigated the photodarkening (PD) kinetics of two fiber series with variation of the Yb content for constant Al concentration or constant ratio of Al/Yb, respectively. The results show the outstanding importance of the absolute value of Al concentration also in the case of fibers with strongly reduced Yb content. An Al/Yb ratio of 5 to 6 is not sufficient to mitigate PD loss. Moreover, a model to describe PD loss and rate constant as functions of Yb concentration and excitation is suggested that links measurements of PD in single fibers of the same type (variation of Yb inversion) and in fiber series (constant Yb inversion).

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (1)

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136, 014503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (5)

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

S. Jetschke and U. Röpke, “Power-law dependence of the photodarkening rate constant on the inversion in Yb doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 109–111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Jetschke, U. Röpke, S. Unger, and J. Kirchhof, “Characterization of photodarkening processes in Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71952B (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and V. Reichel, “Yb doped silica based laser fibers: correlation of photodarkening kinetics and related optical properties with the glass composition,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950S (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, U. Röpke, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening in Yb doped fibers: experimental evidence of equilibrium states depending on the pump power,” Opt. Express 15, 14838–14843 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, and J. Koplow, “Photodarkening measurements in large-mode-area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6453, 64531E (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, T. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

C. P. Lindsey and G. D. Patterson, “Detailed comparison of the Williams–Watts and Cole–Davidson functions,” J. Chem. Phys. 73, 3348–3357 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Aleshkina, S. S.

A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 41, 1073–1079 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Alombert-Goget, G.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Arai, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, T. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Arai, T.

T. Arai, K. Ichii, S. Tanigawa, and M. Fujimaki, “Gamma-radiation-induced photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 79140K (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bubnov, M. M.

A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 41, 1073–1079 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I. A.

A. V. Shubin, M. V. Yashkov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Smirnov, I. A. Bufetov, and E. M. Dianov, “Photodarkening of alumosilicate and phosphosilicate Yb-doped fibers,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CJ3-1-THU.

Cadier, B.

Chaussedent, S.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chiasera, A.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

Dellith, J.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, J. Dellith, and A. Scheffel, Institute of Photonic Technology, Albert-Einstein-Str. 9, 07745 Jena, Germany, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Optical properties of ytterbium/aluminium glasses.”

Deschamps, T.

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136, 014503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 41, 1073–1079 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Shubin, M. V. Yashkov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Smirnov, I. A. Bufetov, and E. M. Dianov, “Photodarkening of alumosilicate and phosphosilicate Yb-doped fibers,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CJ3-1-THU.

Durrant, T.

Engholm, M.

Ferrari, M.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fujimaki, M.

T. Arai, K. Ichii, S. Tanigawa, and M. Fujimaki, “Gamma-radiation-induced photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 79140K (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gaumer, N.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gebavi, H.

Girard, S.

Gonnet, C.

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136, 014503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gur’yanov, A. N.

A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 41, 1073–1079 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Handa, T.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, T. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Himeno, K.

T. Kitabayashi, M. Ikeda, M. Nakai, T. Sakai, K. Himeno, and K. Ohashi, “Population inversion factor dependence of photodarkening of Yb-doped fibers and its suppression by highly aluminum doping,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OThC5.

Hoffman, H. J.

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, and J. Koplow, “Photodarkening measurements in large-mode-area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6453, 64531E (2007).
[CrossRef]

Honda, T.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, T. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Honkanen, S.

Ichii, K.

T. Arai, K. Ichii, S. Tanigawa, and M. Fujimaki, “Gamma-radiation-induced photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 79140K (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ikeda, M.

T. Kitabayashi, M. Ikeda, M. Nakai, T. Sakai, K. Himeno, and K. Ohashi, “Population inversion factor dependence of photodarkening of Yb-doped fibers and its suppression by highly aluminum doping,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OThC5.

Ishii, T.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, T. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Jetschke, S.

Kirchhof, J.

M. Leich, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, and J. Kirchhof, “Temperature influence on the photodarkening kinetics in Yb-doped silica fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 65–68 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Jetschke, U. Röpke, S. Unger, and J. Kirchhof, “Characterization of photodarkening processes in Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71952B (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and V. Reichel, “Yb doped silica based laser fibers: correlation of photodarkening kinetics and related optical properties with the glass composition,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950S (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Efficient Yb laser fibers with low photodarkening by optimization of the core composition,” Opt. Express 16, 15540–15545 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, U. Röpke, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening in Yb doped fibers: experimental evidence of equilibrium states depending on the pump power,” Opt. Express 15, 14838–14843 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, J. Dellith, and A. Scheffel, Institute of Photonic Technology, Albert-Einstein-Str. 9, 07745 Jena, Germany, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Optical properties of ytterbium/aluminium glasses.”

Kitabayashi, T.

T. Kitabayashi, M. Ikeda, M. Nakai, T. Sakai, K. Himeno, and K. Ohashi, “Population inversion factor dependence of photodarkening of Yb-doped fibers and its suppression by highly aluminum doping,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OThC5.

Kliner, D.

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, and J. Koplow, “Photodarkening measurements in large-mode-area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6453, 64531E (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koplow, J.

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, and J. Koplow, “Photodarkening measurements in large-mode-area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6453, 64531E (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koponen, J.

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, and J. Koplow, “Photodarkening measurements in large-mode-area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6453, 64531E (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kumata, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, T. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Landais, D.

Laroche, M.

Le Goffic, O.

Leich, M.

Likhachev, M. E.

A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 41, 1073–1079 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lindsey, C. P.

C. P. Lindsey and G. D. Patterson, “Detailed comparison of the Williams–Watts and Cole–Davidson functions,” J. Chem. Phys. 73, 3348–3357 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Mattsson, K. E.

Mechin, D.

Melkumov, M. A.

A. V. Shubin, M. V. Yashkov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Smirnov, I. A. Bufetov, and E. M. Dianov, “Photodarkening of alumosilicate and phosphosilicate Yb-doped fibers,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CJ3-1-THU.

Messaddeq, Y.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Milanese, D.

Monteil, A.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Monteville, A.

Montiel i Ponsoda, J. J.

Nakai, M.

T. Kitabayashi, M. Ikeda, M. Nakai, T. Sakai, K. Himeno, and K. Ohashi, “Population inversion factor dependence of photodarkening of Yb-doped fibers and its suppression by highly aluminum doping,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OThC5.

Namikawa, H.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, T. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Norin, L.

Obriot, J.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ohashi, K.

T. Kitabayashi, M. Ikeda, M. Nakai, T. Sakai, K. Himeno, and K. Ohashi, “Population inversion factor dependence of photodarkening of Yb-doped fibers and its suppression by highly aluminum doping,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OThC5.

Ollier, N.

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136, 014503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Patterson, G. D.

C. P. Lindsey and G. D. Patterson, “Detailed comparison of the Williams–Watts and Cole–Davidson functions,” J. Chem. Phys. 73, 3348–3357 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Reichel, V.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and V. Reichel, “Yb doped silica based laser fibers: correlation of photodarkening kinetics and related optical properties with the glass composition,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950S (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ribeiro, S. J. L.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Robin, T.

Röpke, U.

Rybaltovsky, A. A.

A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 41, 1073–1079 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

Sakai, T.

T. Kitabayashi, M. Ikeda, M. Nakai, T. Sakai, K. Himeno, and K. Ohashi, “Population inversion factor dependence of photodarkening of Yb-doped fibers and its suppression by highly aluminum doping,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OThC5.

Scheffel, A.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, J. Dellith, and A. Scheffel, Institute of Photonic Technology, Albert-Einstein-Str. 9, 07745 Jena, Germany, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Optical properties of ytterbium/aluminium glasses.”

Schwuchow, A.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and V. Reichel, “Yb doped silica based laser fibers: correlation of photodarkening kinetics and related optical properties with the glass composition,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950S (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Efficient Yb laser fibers with low photodarkening by optimization of the core composition,” Opt. Express 16, 15540–15545 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, J. Dellith, and A. Scheffel, Institute of Photonic Technology, Albert-Einstein-Str. 9, 07745 Jena, Germany, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Optical properties of ytterbium/aluminium glasses.”

Shubin, A. V.

A. V. Shubin, M. V. Yashkov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Smirnov, I. A. Bufetov, and E. M. Dianov, “Photodarkening of alumosilicate and phosphosilicate Yb-doped fibers,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CJ3-1-THU.

Smirnov, S. A.

A. V. Shubin, M. V. Yashkov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Smirnov, I. A. Bufetov, and E. M. Dianov, “Photodarkening of alumosilicate and phosphosilicate Yb-doped fibers,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CJ3-1-THU.

Söderlund, M.

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, and J. Koplow, “Photodarkening measurements in large-mode-area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6453, 64531E (2007).
[CrossRef]

Taccheo, S.

Tanigawa, S.

T. Arai, K. Ichii, S. Tanigawa, and M. Fujimaki, “Gamma-radiation-induced photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 79140K (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tervonen, A.

Tregoat, D.

Umnikov, A. A.

A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 41, 1073–1079 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Unger, S.

M. Leich, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, and J. Kirchhof, “Temperature influence on the photodarkening kinetics in Yb-doped silica fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 65–68 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Jetschke, U. Röpke, S. Unger, and J. Kirchhof, “Characterization of photodarkening processes in Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71952B (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and V. Reichel, “Yb doped silica based laser fibers: correlation of photodarkening kinetics and related optical properties with the glass composition,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950S (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Efficient Yb laser fibers with low photodarkening by optimization of the core composition,” Opt. Express 16, 15540–15545 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, U. Röpke, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening in Yb doped fibers: experimental evidence of equilibrium states depending on the pump power,” Opt. Express 15, 14838–14843 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, J. Dellith, and A. Scheffel, Institute of Photonic Technology, Albert-Einstein-Str. 9, 07745 Jena, Germany, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Optical properties of ytterbium/aluminium glasses.”

Vezin, H.

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136, 014503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yashkov, M. V.

A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 41, 1073–1079 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Shubin, M. V. Yashkov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Smirnov, I. A. Bufetov, and E. M. Dianov, “Photodarkening of alumosilicate and phosphosilicate Yb-doped fibers,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CJ3-1-THU.

Ye, C.

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, T. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

C. P. Lindsey and G. D. Patterson, “Detailed comparison of the Williams–Watts and Cole–Davidson functions,” J. Chem. Phys. 73, 3348–3357 (1980).
[CrossRef]

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136, 014503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (4)

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and V. Reichel, “Yb doped silica based laser fibers: correlation of photodarkening kinetics and related optical properties with the glass composition,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950S (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Arai, K. Ichii, S. Tanigawa, and M. Fujimaki, “Gamma-radiation-induced photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 79140K (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, and J. Koplow, “Photodarkening measurements in large-mode-area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6453, 64531E (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Jetschke, U. Röpke, S. Unger, and J. Kirchhof, “Characterization of photodarkening processes in Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71952B (2009).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 41, 1073–1079 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

T. Kitabayashi, M. Ikeda, M. Nakai, T. Sakai, K. Himeno, and K. Ohashi, “Population inversion factor dependence of photodarkening of Yb-doped fibers and its suppression by highly aluminum doping,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OThC5.

A. V. Shubin, M. V. Yashkov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Smirnov, I. A. Bufetov, and E. M. Dianov, “Photodarkening of alumosilicate and phosphosilicate Yb-doped fibers,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CJ3-1-THU.

RP Fiber Power, V 3, RP Photonics Consulting GmbH.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, J. Dellith, and A. Scheffel, Institute of Photonic Technology, Albert-Einstein-Str. 9, 07745 Jena, Germany, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Optical properties of ytterbium/aluminium glasses.”

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Measurements of PD in the fibers of series B: (a) temporal evolution of PD loss for a fixed Yb inversion of 0.69, (b) PD equilibrium loss, determined for different Yb inversions but depicted as function of Yb*=Inv·Yb.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

PD parameters for the fiber series A and B (left side) as a function of Yb concentration (Yb inversion 0.69 and 0.50) and for the series C and D (right side) as a function of Al concentration (constant Yb excitation density Yb*=1.1×1026m3): (a), (d) PD equilibrium loss, (b), (e) PD rate constant, and (c), (f) stretching parameter. The marked fibers of series C and D also belong to the series A and B, respectively (Yb concentration about 0.46 mol. %). The hatched areas highlight the range of Yb concentration quenching as indicated by NIR-excited fluorescence intensity [16].

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

PD parameters for the fiber series A and B as a function of Yb concentration (constant Yb excitation density Yb*=1.1×1026m3): (a) PD equilibrium loss and (b) PD rate constant.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Preform/Fiber Samples of the Investigated Series, Yb Concentration and Density of Yb Ions, Al Concentration, and Ratio Al/Yb

Equations (3)

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α(t)=αeq{1exp((t/τ)β)}.
αeq[Yb*]=[Inv]·[Yb].
τ1[Yb*]a·[Yb]b=[Inv]a·[Yb]a+b.

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