Abstract

This paper discusses an innovative simulation model based approach for long exposure atmospheric point spread function (PSF) reconstruction in the context of laser guide star (LGS) multiconjugate adaptive optics (MCAO). The approach is inspired from the classical scheme developed by Véran et al. [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 3057 (1997) [CrossRef]  ] and Flicker et al. [Astron. Astrophys. 400, 1199 (2003) [CrossRef]  ] and reconstructs the long exposure optical transfer function (OTF), i.e., the Fourier transformed PSF, as a product of separate long-exposure tip/tilt removed and tip/tilt OTFs, each estimated by postprocessing system and simulation telemetry data. Sample enclosed energy results assessing reconstruction accuracy are presented for the Thirty Meter Telescope LGS MCAO system currently under design and show that percent level absolute and differential photometry over a 30 arcsec diameter field of view are achievable provided the simulation model faithfully represents the real system.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011 (1)

M. Ammons, E. Bendek, and O. Guyon, “Microarcsecond relative astrometry from the ground with a diffractive pupil,” Proc. SPIE 8151, 81510T (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (8)

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Schödel, “Accurate photometry with adaptive optics in the presence of anisoplanatic effects with sparsely sampled PSF: the Galactic center as an example of a challenging target for accurate AO photometry,” Astron. Astrophys. 509, 1–16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Davies, H. Engel, E. Hicks, N. F. Schreiber, R. Genzel, L. Tacconi, F. Eisenhauer, and S. Rabien, “Dissecting galaxies with adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77361G (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Peter, “Point-spread function reconstruction for the ground layer adaptive optics system ARGOS,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77364R (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Jolissaint, “Synthetic modeling of astronomical closed loop adaptive optics,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 5, 10055 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Gilles and B. L. Ellerbroek, “Real-time turbulence profiling with a pair of laser guide star Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensors for wide-field adaptive optics systems on large to extremely large telescopes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, A76–A83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Gilles, L. Wang, and B. Ellerbroek, “Impact of laser launch location on the performance of laser tomography and multi conjugate adaptive optics for extremely large telescopes,” Appl. Opt. 49, G114–G119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

L. Wang, B. Ellerbroek, and J. P. Véran, “High fidelity sky coverage analysis via time domain adaptive optics simulations,” Appl. Opt. 48, 5076–5087 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Cameron, M. C. Britton, and S. R. Kulkarni, “Precision astrometry with adaptive optics,” Astron. J. 137, 83–93 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2006 (1)

M. C. Britton, “The anisoplanatic point-spread function in adaptive optics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 885–900 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

R. Flicker, F. Rigaut, and B. Ellerbroek, “Tilt anisoplanatism in laser guide star based multi conjugate adaptive optics: Reconstruction of the long exposure point spread function from control loop data,” Astron. Astrophys. 400, 1199–1207 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

A. Tokovinin, M. Le Louarn, and M. Sarazin, “Isoplanatism in a multiconjugate adaptive optics system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1819–1827 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Fusco, J.-M. Conan, L. M. Mugnier, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Characterization of adaptive optics point spread function for anisoplanatic imaging. Application to stellar field deconvolution,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 142, 149–156 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Adkins, S.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ammons, M.

M. Ammons, E. Bendek, and O. Guyon, “Microarcsecond relative astrometry from the ground with a diffractive pupil,” Proc. SPIE 8151, 81510T (2011).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, D.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

Atwood, J.

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Beauvillier, A.

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bec, M.

F. Rigaut, B. Neichel, C. Dorgeville, D. Gratadour, M. Boccas, G. Trancho, M. Bec, C. Trujillo, M. Edwards, and R. Carrasco, “GeMS sees star light,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011), http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/073rigaut.pdf .

Bendek, E.

M. Ammons, E. Bendek, and O. Guyon, “Microarcsecond relative astrometry from the ground with a diffractive pupil,” Proc. SPIE 8151, 81510T (2011).
[CrossRef]

Blum, R.

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boccas, M.

F. Rigaut, B. Neichel, C. Dorgeville, D. Gratadour, M. Boccas, G. Trancho, M. Bec, C. Trujillo, M. Edwards, and R. Carrasco, “GeMS sees star light,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011), http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/073rigaut.pdf .

Boyer, C.

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Britton, M. C.

P. B. Cameron, M. C. Britton, and S. R. Kulkarni, “Precision astrometry with adaptive optics,” Astron. J. 137, 83–93 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Cameron, M. C. Britton, and S. R. Kulkarni, “Precision astrometry with adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150A (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Britton, “The anisoplanatic point-spread function in adaptive optics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 885–900 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Browne, S.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bustos, E.

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Byrnes, P.

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cameron, P. B.

P. B. Cameron, M. C. Britton, and S. R. Kulkarni, “Precision astrometry with adaptive optics,” Astron. J. 137, 83–93 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Cameron, M. C. Britton, and S. R. Kulkarni, “Precision astrometry with adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150A (2008).
[CrossRef]

Caputa, K.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Carrasco, R.

F. Rigaut, B. Neichel, C. Dorgeville, D. Gratadour, M. Boccas, G. Trancho, M. Bec, C. Trujillo, M. Edwards, and R. Carrasco, “GeMS sees star light,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011), http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/073rigaut.pdf .

Chanan, G.

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Conan, J.-M.

T. Fusco, J.-M. Conan, L. M. Mugnier, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Characterization of adaptive optics point spread function for anisoplanatic imaging. Application to stellar field deconvolution,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 142, 149–156 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Conan, R.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

Correia, C.

C. Correia, J. P. Verant, B. Ellerbroek, L. Gilles, and L. Wang, “Laser-guide star point spread function reconstruction for extremely large telescopes,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011, http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/067correia.pdf .

Cortes, A.

A. Cortes, B. Neichel, A. Guesalaga, J. Osborn, F. Rigaut, and D. Guzman, “Atmospheric turbulence profiling using multiple laser star wavefront sensors,” M. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (submitted).

Cousty, R.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Davies, R.

R. Davies, H. Engel, E. Hicks, N. F. Schreiber, R. Genzel, L. Tacconi, F. Eisenhauer, and S. Rabien, “Dissecting galaxies with adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77361G (2010).
[CrossRef]

Djorgovski, S. G.

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dorgeville, C.

F. Rigaut, B. Neichel, C. Dorgeville, D. Gratadour, M. Boccas, G. Trancho, M. Bec, C. Trujillo, M. Edwards, and R. Carrasco, “GeMS sees star light,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011), http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/073rigaut.pdf .

Edwards, M.

F. Rigaut, B. Neichel, C. Dorgeville, D. Gratadour, M. Boccas, G. Trancho, M. Bec, C. Trujillo, M. Edwards, and R. Carrasco, “GeMS sees star light,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011), http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/073rigaut.pdf .

Eisenhauer, F.

R. Davies, H. Engel, E. Hicks, N. F. Schreiber, R. Genzel, L. Tacconi, F. Eisenhauer, and S. Rabien, “Dissecting galaxies with adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77361G (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ellerbroek, B.

L. Gilles, L. Wang, and B. Ellerbroek, “Impact of laser launch location on the performance of laser tomography and multi conjugate adaptive optics for extremely large telescopes,” Appl. Opt. 49, G114–G119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, B. Ellerbroek, and J. P. Véran, “High fidelity sky coverage analysis via time domain adaptive optics simulations,” Appl. Opt. 48, 5076–5087 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Gilles and B. Ellerbroek, “Split atmospheric tomography using laser and natural guide stars,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 2427–2435 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Flicker, F. Rigaut, and B. Ellerbroek, “Tilt anisoplanatism in laser guide star based multi conjugate adaptive optics: Reconstruction of the long exposure point spread function from control loop data,” Astron. Astrophys. 400, 1199–1207 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Ellerbroek and F. Rigaut, “Methods for correcting tilt anisoplanatism in laser guide star based multiconjugate adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 2539–2547 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Correia, J. P. Verant, B. Ellerbroek, L. Gilles, and L. Wang, “Laser-guide star point spread function reconstruction for extremely large telescopes,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011, http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/067correia.pdf .

L. Wang, B. Ellerbroek, and J. P. Véran, “Full physical optics sky coverage simulation for MCAO systems on ELTs,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes I, Paris, France, 22–26 June 2009, http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/ao4elt/201003003 .

Ellerbroek, B. L.

L. Gilles and B. L. Ellerbroek, “Real-time turbulence profiling with a pair of laser guide star Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensors for wide-field adaptive optics systems on large to extremely large telescopes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, A76–A83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Gilles and B. L. Ellerbroek, “Constrained matched filtering for extended dynamic range and improved noise rejection for Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensing,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1159–1161 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang and B. L. Ellerbroek, “Fast end-to-end multi-conjugate AO simulation using graphical processing units and the MAOS simulation code,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011), http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/084wang.pdf .

Els, S.

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Engel, H.

R. Davies, H. Engel, E. Hicks, N. F. Schreiber, R. Genzel, L. Tacconi, F. Eisenhauer, and S. Rabien, “Dissecting galaxies with adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77361G (2010).
[CrossRef]

Erikson, D.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fitzsimmons, J.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

Flicker, R.

R. Flicker, F. Rigaut, and B. Ellerbroek, “Tilt anisoplanatism in laser guide star based multi conjugate adaptive optics: Reconstruction of the long exposure point spread function from control loop data,” Astron. Astrophys. 400, 1199–1207 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Flicker, “PSF reconstruction for Keck AO,” W. M. Keck Observatory, 65-1120 Mamalahoa Hwy., Kamuela, Hawaii 96743, USA (unpublished). Available online at http://www.oir.caltech.edu/twiki_oir/bin/view/Keck/NGAO/PSF.

Fusco, T.

T. Fusco, J.-M. Conan, L. M. Mugnier, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Characterization of adaptive optics point spread function for anisoplanatic imaging. Application to stellar field deconvolution,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 142, 149–156 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gamache, F.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Genzel, R.

R. Davies, H. Engel, E. Hicks, N. F. Schreiber, R. Genzel, L. Tacconi, F. Eisenhauer, and S. Rabien, “Dissecting galaxies with adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77361G (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gilles, L.

L. Gilles and B. L. Ellerbroek, “Real-time turbulence profiling with a pair of laser guide star Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensors for wide-field adaptive optics systems on large to extremely large telescopes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, A76–A83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Gilles, L. Wang, and B. Ellerbroek, “Impact of laser launch location on the performance of laser tomography and multi conjugate adaptive optics for extremely large telescopes,” Appl. Opt. 49, G114–G119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Gilles and B. L. Ellerbroek, “Constrained matched filtering for extended dynamic range and improved noise rejection for Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensing,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1159–1161 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Gilles and B. Ellerbroek, “Split atmospheric tomography using laser and natural guide stars,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 2427–2435 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Correia, J. P. Verant, B. Ellerbroek, L. Gilles, and L. Wang, “Laser-guide star point spread function reconstruction for extremely large telescopes,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011, http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/067correia.pdf .

Gillett, P.

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gratadour, D.

F. Rigaut, B. Neichel, C. Dorgeville, D. Gratadour, M. Boccas, G. Trancho, M. Bec, C. Trujillo, M. Edwards, and R. Carrasco, “GeMS sees star light,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011), http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/073rigaut.pdf .

Gregory, B.

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guesalaga, A.

A. Cortes, B. Neichel, A. Guesalaga, J. Osborn, F. Rigaut, and D. Guzman, “Atmospheric turbulence profiling using multiple laser star wavefront sensors,” M. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (submitted).

Guyon, O.

M. Ammons, E. Bendek, and O. Guyon, “Microarcsecond relative astrometry from the ground with a diffractive pupil,” Proc. SPIE 8151, 81510T (2011).
[CrossRef]

Guzman, D.

A. Cortes, B. Neichel, A. Guesalaga, J. Osborn, F. Rigaut, and D. Guzman, “Atmospheric turbulence profiling using multiple laser star wavefront sensors,” M. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (submitted).

Herriot, G.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Véran and G. Herriot, “Type II woofer-tweeter control for NFIRAOS on TMT,” in Adaptive Optics: Methods, Analysis and Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper JTuC2.

Hicks, E.

R. Davies, H. Engel, E. Hicks, N. F. Schreiber, R. Genzel, L. Tacconi, F. Eisenhauer, and S. Rabien, “Dissecting galaxies with adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77361G (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hickson, P.

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hill, A.

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, K.

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jolissaint, L.

L. Jolissaint, “Synthetic modeling of astronomical closed loop adaptive optics,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 5, 10055 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kulkarni, S. R.

P. B. Cameron, M. C. Britton, and S. R. Kulkarni, “Precision astrometry with adaptive optics,” Astron. J. 137, 83–93 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Cameron, M. C. Britton, and S. R. Kulkarni, “Precision astrometry with adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150A (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lardiere, O.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lardière, O.

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

Le Louarn, M.

Maitre, H.

Michau, V.

T. Fusco, J.-M. Conan, L. M. Mugnier, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Characterization of adaptive optics point spread function for anisoplanatic imaging. Application to stellar field deconvolution,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 142, 149–156 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Morin, P.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mugnier, L. M.

T. Fusco, J.-M. Conan, L. M. Mugnier, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Characterization of adaptive optics point spread function for anisoplanatic imaging. Application to stellar field deconvolution,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 142, 149–156 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Neichel, B.

A. Cortes, B. Neichel, A. Guesalaga, J. Osborn, F. Rigaut, and D. Guzman, “Atmospheric turbulence profiling using multiple laser star wavefront sensors,” M. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (submitted).

F. Rigaut, B. Neichel, C. Dorgeville, D. Gratadour, M. Boccas, G. Trancho, M. Bec, C. Trujillo, M. Edwards, and R. Carrasco, “GeMS sees star light,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011), http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/073rigaut.pdf .

Nelson, J.

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Osborn, J.

A. Cortes, B. Neichel, A. Guesalaga, J. Osborn, F. Rigaut, and D. Guzman, “Atmospheric turbulence profiling using multiple laser star wavefront sensors,” M. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (submitted).

Otarola, A.

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pazder, J.

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peter, D.

D. Peter, “Point-spread function reconstruction for the ground layer adaptive optics system ARGOS,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77364R (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pfrommer, T.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

Quinn, D.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rabien, S.

R. Davies, H. Engel, E. Hicks, N. F. Schreiber, R. Genzel, L. Tacconi, F. Eisenhauer, and S. Rabien, “Dissecting galaxies with adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77361G (2010).
[CrossRef]

Reshetov, V.

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Riddle, R.

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rigaut, F.

R. Flicker, F. Rigaut, and B. Ellerbroek, “Tilt anisoplanatism in laser guide star based multi conjugate adaptive optics: Reconstruction of the long exposure point spread function from control loop data,” Astron. Astrophys. 400, 1199–1207 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Ellerbroek and F. Rigaut, “Methods for correcting tilt anisoplanatism in laser guide star based multiconjugate adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 2539–2547 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Véran, F. Rigaut, H. Maitre, and D. Rouan, “Estimation of the adaptive optics long-exposure point-spread function using control loop data,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 3057–3069 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F. Rigaut, B. Neichel, C. Dorgeville, D. Gratadour, M. Boccas, G. Trancho, M. Bec, C. Trujillo, M. Edwards, and R. Carrasco, “GeMS sees star light,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011), http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/073rigaut.pdf .

A. Cortes, B. Neichel, A. Guesalaga, J. Osborn, F. Rigaut, and D. Guzman, “Atmospheric turbulence profiling using multiple laser star wavefront sensors,” M. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (submitted).

Roberts, S.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rouan, D.

Rousset, G.

T. Fusco, J.-M. Conan, L. M. Mugnier, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Characterization of adaptive optics point spread function for anisoplanatic imaging. Application to stellar field deconvolution,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 142, 149–156 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sarazin, M.

Schödel, C.

C. Schödel, “Accurate photometry with adaptive optics in the presence of anisoplanatic effects with sparsely sampled PSF: the Galactic center as an example of a challenging target for accurate AO photometry,” Astron. Astrophys. 509, 1–16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schoeck, M.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, N. F.

R. Davies, H. Engel, E. Hicks, N. F. Schreiber, R. Genzel, L. Tacconi, F. Eisenhauer, and S. Rabien, “Dissecting galaxies with adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77361G (2010).
[CrossRef]

Seguel, J.

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sinquin, J.-C.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Skidmore, W.

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tacconi, L.

R. Davies, H. Engel, E. Hicks, N. F. Schreiber, R. Genzel, L. Tacconi, F. Eisenhauer, and S. Rabien, “Dissecting galaxies with adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77361G (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tokovinin, A.

Trancho, G.

F. Rigaut, B. Neichel, C. Dorgeville, D. Gratadour, M. Boccas, G. Trancho, M. Bec, C. Trujillo, M. Edwards, and R. Carrasco, “GeMS sees star light,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011), http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/073rigaut.pdf .

Travouillon, T.

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Trujillo, C.

F. Rigaut, B. Neichel, C. Dorgeville, D. Gratadour, M. Boccas, G. Trancho, M. Bec, C. Trujillo, M. Edwards, and R. Carrasco, “GeMS sees star light,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011), http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/073rigaut.pdf .

Tyler, G.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vasquez, J.

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vaughn, J.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Véran, J. P.

L. Wang, B. Ellerbroek, and J. P. Véran, “High fidelity sky coverage analysis via time domain adaptive optics simulations,” Appl. Opt. 48, 5076–5087 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Véran, F. Rigaut, H. Maitre, and D. Rouan, “Estimation of the adaptive optics long-exposure point-spread function using control loop data,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 3057–3069 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, B. Ellerbroek, and J. P. Véran, “Full physical optics sky coverage simulation for MCAO systems on ELTs,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes I, Paris, France, 22–26 June 2009, http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/ao4elt/201003003 .

J. P. Véran and G. Herriot, “Type II woofer-tweeter control for NFIRAOS on TMT,” in Adaptive Optics: Methods, Analysis and Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper JTuC2.

Véran, J.-P.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

Verant, J. P.

C. Correia, J. P. Verant, B. Ellerbroek, L. Gilles, and L. Wang, “Laser-guide star point spread function reconstruction for extremely large telescopes,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011, http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/067correia.pdf .

Vogel, C.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Walker, A.

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Walker, D.

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

L. Gilles, L. Wang, and B. Ellerbroek, “Impact of laser launch location on the performance of laser tomography and multi conjugate adaptive optics for extremely large telescopes,” Appl. Opt. 49, G114–G119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, B. Ellerbroek, and J. P. Véran, “High fidelity sky coverage analysis via time domain adaptive optics simulations,” Appl. Opt. 48, 5076–5087 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang and B. L. Ellerbroek, “Fast end-to-end multi-conjugate AO simulation using graphical processing units and the MAOS simulation code,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011), http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/084wang.pdf .

L. Wang, B. Ellerbroek, and J. P. Véran, “Full physical optics sky coverage simulation for MCAO systems on ELTs,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes I, Paris, France, 22–26 June 2009, http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/ao4elt/201003003 .

C. Correia, J. P. Verant, B. Ellerbroek, L. Gilles, and L. Wang, “Laser-guide star point spread function reconstruction for extremely large telescopes,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011, http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/067correia.pdf .

Wevers, I.

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Astron. Astrophys. (2)

C. Schödel, “Accurate photometry with adaptive optics in the presence of anisoplanatic effects with sparsely sampled PSF: the Galactic center as an example of a challenging target for accurate AO photometry,” Astron. Astrophys. 509, 1–16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Flicker, F. Rigaut, and B. Ellerbroek, “Tilt anisoplanatism in laser guide star based multi conjugate adaptive optics: Reconstruction of the long exposure point spread function from control loop data,” Astron. Astrophys. 400, 1199–1207 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. (1)

T. Fusco, J.-M. Conan, L. M. Mugnier, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Characterization of adaptive optics point spread function for anisoplanatic imaging. Application to stellar field deconvolution,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 142, 149–156 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Astron. J. (1)

P. B. Cameron, M. C. Britton, and S. R. Kulkarni, “Precision astrometry with adaptive optics,” Astron. J. 137, 83–93 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Eur. Opt. Soc. (1)

L. Jolissaint, “Synthetic modeling of astronomical closed loop adaptive optics,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 5, 10055 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (6)

P. B. Cameron, M. C. Britton, and S. R. Kulkarni, “Precision astrometry with adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150A (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Davies, H. Engel, E. Hicks, N. F. Schreiber, R. Genzel, L. Tacconi, F. Eisenhauer, and S. Rabien, “Dissecting galaxies with adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77361G (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Ammons, E. Bendek, and O. Guyon, “Microarcsecond relative astrometry from the ground with a diffractive pupil,” Proc. SPIE 8151, 81510T (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Herriot, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, C. Boyer, A. Beauvillier, P. Byrnes, R. Conan, B. Ellerbroek, J. Fitzsimmons, L. Gilles, P. Hickson, A. Hill, K. Jackson, O. Lardière, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-P. Véran, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “NFIRAOS: TMT's facility adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77360B (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Ellerbroek, S. Adkins, D. Andersen, J. Atwood, S. Browne, C. Boyer, P. Byrnes, K. Caputa, R. Conan, R. Cousty, D. Erikson, J. Fitzsimmons, F. Gamache, L. Gilles, G. Herriot, P. Hickson, O. Lardiere, P. Morin, J. Pazder, T. Pfrommer, D. Quinn, V. Reshetov, S. Roberts, J.-C. Sinquin, M. Schoeck, M. Smith, G. Tyler, J. Vaughn, J.-P. Véran, C. Vogel, L. Wang, and I. Wevers, “First light adaptive optics systems and components for the Thirty Meter Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Peter, “Point-spread function reconstruction for the ground layer adaptive optics system ARGOS,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77364R (2010).
[CrossRef]

Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. (2)

M. Schoeck, S. Els, R. Riddle, W. Skidmore, T. Travouillon, R. Blum, E. Bustos, G. Chanan, S. G. Djorgovski, P. Gillett, B. Gregory, J. Nelson, A. Otarola, J. Seguel, J. Vasquez, A. Walker, D. Walker, and L. Wang, “Thirty Meter Telescope site testing I: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 384–395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Britton, “The anisoplanatic point-spread function in adaptive optics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 885–900 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (9)

R. Flicker, “PSF reconstruction for Keck AO,” W. M. Keck Observatory, 65-1120 Mamalahoa Hwy., Kamuela, Hawaii 96743, USA (unpublished). Available online at http://www.oir.caltech.edu/twiki_oir/bin/view/Keck/NGAO/PSF.

L. Jolissaint, C. Neyman, J. Christou, P. Wizinowich, and L. Mugnier, “First successful adaptive optics PSF reconstruction at W. M. Keck observatory” (2012) http://arxiv.org/abs/1202.3486 .

F. Rigaut, B. Neichel, C. Dorgeville, D. Gratadour, M. Boccas, G. Trancho, M. Bec, C. Trujillo, M. Edwards, and R. Carrasco, “GeMS sees star light,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011), http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/073rigaut.pdf .

C. Correia, J. P. Verant, B. Ellerbroek, L. Gilles, and L. Wang, “Laser-guide star point spread function reconstruction for extremely large telescopes,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011, http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/067correia.pdf .

A. Cortes, B. Neichel, A. Guesalaga, J. Osborn, F. Rigaut, and D. Guzman, “Atmospheric turbulence profiling using multiple laser star wavefront sensors,” M. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (submitted).

L. Wang and B. L. Ellerbroek, “Fast end-to-end multi-conjugate AO simulation using graphical processing units and the MAOS simulation code,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes II, Victoria, BC, Canada, 25–30 Sept. 2011), http://ao4elt2.lesia.obspm.fr/sites/ao4elt2/IMG/pdf/084wang.pdf .

http://lianqiw.github.com/maos .

L. Wang, B. Ellerbroek, and J. P. Véran, “Full physical optics sky coverage simulation for MCAO systems on ELTs,” presented at Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes I, Paris, France, 22–26 June 2009, http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/ao4elt/201003003 .

J. P. Véran and G. Herriot, “Type II woofer-tweeter control for NFIRAOS on TMT,” in Adaptive Optics: Methods, Analysis and Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper JTuC2.

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Figures (14)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Upper left panel shows science TTR to LGS SF for the TMT LGS MCAO system for three observing conditions: baseline (base), 10% reduced Fried parameter (09r0), and 20% reduced LGS WFS signal level (08pde). Note that the magnitude of these SF ratios is smaller than unity, the SF ratio is insensitive to seeing variations, but sensitive to LGS WFS signal level variations. Upper right panel shows science TTR to LGS OTF ratios computed from the SFs illustrated on the left panel. Bottom panel shows LGS and science TTR SF ratios to illustrate how SFs vary with seeing and LGS WFS signal level.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Block diagram of the classical LGS SCAO PSFR scheme, illustrating the main steps involved in the algorithm. The acronym “Sys.” has been prefixed to quantities related to or extracted from the AO system telemetry data. This notation is useful to distinguish quantities derived from simulation models. Static and quasi-static slowly varying telescope and AO phase errors, e.g., optomechanical errors, residual sodium layer tracking errors, etc., are omitted at this stage of the study.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Block diagram of the proposed LGS MCAO PSFR scheme, illustrating the main steps involved in the algorithm. The acronyms “Sys.” and “Mod.” have been prefixed to quantities related to, or extracted from, either the real AO system or the simulation model telemetry data. Static and quasi-static slowly varying telescope and AO phase errors are omitted at this stage of the study.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Illustration of OTF reconstruction errors introduced by discretization effects. Top panel shows simulated J-band TMT LGS MCAO OTFs obtained by sampling the residual aperture-plane phase either at 1/2m or at 1/64m. Bottom panel shows the EE error introduced by the coarse sampling (black curve, leads 10%–12% error), as well as the reconstruction error of two procedures to recover the finely sampled OTF from the coarsely sample one in the presence of a 10% r0 modeling error, one operating on the OTF (second line, leads 1%–2% error), the other on the logarithm of the OTF (top line, leads 0.1% error).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Sample error rejection curves for the NGS type II servo loop.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Top: geometry and star brightness of four sample NGS asterisms investigated in this paper. Outer circular dashed boundary indicates the 2 arcmin diameter NGS patrol FoV, whereas the inner dashed circle indicates the 30 arcsec diameter science FoV. Bottom: signal-to-noise ratio and RMS noise equivalent angle.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Cumulative NGS (solid) and TT (dashed) mode WFE averaged over a 17×17 FoV for the baseline, 09r0, jitter and 08pde observing conditions. See text for details.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

On-axis PSF EE reconstruction error for the ideal case of a simulation model perfectly tuned to the system. See text for details.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Sample PSF reconstruction accuracy for the case of a simulation model detuned from the system by a 10% Fried parameter error. See text for details.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Sample PSF reconstruction accuracy for the case of a simulation model detuned from the system by an unmodeled 2 Hz 3 mas TT jitter. See text for details.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Sample PSF reconstruction accuracy for the case of a simulation model detuned from the system by a 20% LGS WFS signal level error. See text for details.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

J-band science SR variability from on-axis value, along the 30 in. wide x=0, y=0, x=y and x=y field point lines.

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

Total J-band SR error for the balanced approach along the 30 in. wide x=0, y=0, x=y and x=y field point lines. Upper left panel shows the error due to the decoupling and long-exposure approximations for the 09r0 observing condition. Upper right, lower left, and lower right panels show respectively the total error for a simulation model with a 10% Fried parameter error, an unmodeled 2 Hz, 3 mas TT jitter, and a 20% LGS WFS signal level error.

Fig. 14.
Fig. 14.

Total J-band differential photometry error for the balanced approach, evaluated with respect to on-axis Strehl along the 30 in. wide x=0, y=0, x=y and x=y field point lines. Same color and notation conventions as in Fig. 13.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Turbulence Profile Relative Weights and Wind Speed

Equations (18)

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OTF^(u)=Φ1d2xA(x)A(x+λu)eD^(x,x+λu)/2,
D(x,x)=[ϕ(x)ϕ(x)]2,
OTFDL(u)=Φ1d2xA(x)A(x+λu).
PSF^(θ)=ΦF1{OTF^(u)}(θ),
SR^=PSF^(0)PSFDL(0)=d2uOTF^(u)d2uOTFDL,EE^(Ω)=Φ1Ω/2Ω/2dθxΩ/2Ω/2dθyPSF^(θ)=Ω2d2uOTF^(u)sinc(uxΩ)sinc(uyΩ),
D^(x,x)=D^TTR(x,x)+D^TT(xx),
D^TT(λu)=16(λ/D0)2uTC^TTu,
OTF^(u)=OTF^TT(u)OTF^TTR(u),
OTF^TT(u)=eD^TT(λu)/2.
C^LGS=RLGS(CgLGSC^gLGSnse)(RLGS)TC^alias+C^fit,
RLGS=(ΓTΓ)ΓT,
D^LGS=diag(C^LGS)1T+1diag(C^LGS)T2C^LGS,
C^TTNGS=CgNGSC^gNGSnse,
C^TT=HTTRNGS(CgNGSC^gNGSnse)(RNGS)T(HTT)T,
D^TTRu=D^LGSDTTRmodDLGSmod,
D^TTRb=D^LGSDTTRmodD^LGSmod,
OTF^TTb=OTF^TTOTFTTmodOTF^TTmod,
C^TTb=C^TT+CTTmodC^TTmod,

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