Abstract

The colorimetric characterization of active matrix organic light emitting diode (AMOLED) panels suffers from their poor channel independence. Based on the colorimetric characteristics evaluation of channel independence and chromaticity constancy, an accurate colorimetric characterization method, namely, the polynomial compensation model (PC model) considering channel interactions was proposed for AMOLED panels. In this model, polynomial expressions are employed to calculate the relationship between the prediction errors of XYZ tristimulus values and the digital inputs to compensate the XYZ prediction errors of the conventional piecewise linear interpolation assuming the variable chromaticity coordinates (PLVC) model. The experimental results indicated that the proposed PC model outperformed other typical characterization models for the two tested AMOLED smart-phone displays and for the professional liquid crystal display monitor as well.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. Okutani, M. Kobayashi, and N. Ibaraki, “Quantitative evaluation of display characteristics of AMOLED displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 1119–1125 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Shin, J. Woo, Y. Hong, K. Kim, D. Kim, M. Yoo, H. Kim, and M. Kim, “Reducing image sticking in AMOLED displays with time-ratio gray scale by analog calibration,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 17, 705–713 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Lee, I. Park, J. Kwak, D. Y. Yoon, and C. Lee, “Improvement of electron injection in inverted bottom-emission blue phosphorescent organic light emitting diodes using zinc oxide nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 153306 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Hekmatshoar, A. Z. Kattamis, K. Cherenack, S. Wagner, and J. C. Sturm, “A novel TFT-OLED integration for OLED-independent pixel programming in amorphous-Si AMOLED pixels,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16, 183–188 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. D. Fairchild and D. R. Wyble, “Colorimetric characterization of the Apple Studio display,” Tech. Rep. (Munsell Color Science Laboratory, 1998), p. 1.
  6. D. H. Brainard, “Calibration of a computer controlled color monitor,” Color Res. Appl. 14, 23–34 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. S. Berns, “Methods for characterizing CRT displays,” Displays 16, 173–182 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Park, J. W. Jang, K. Shin, J. J. Yoo, and H. Shin, “Evaluation of the ability to reproduce preferred colors for mobile displays under ambient illumination condition,” in SID 11 Digest (Society for Information Display, 2011), pp. 1253–1256.
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y.-H. Ha, “Image and display quality evaluation,” in IMID Digest (IMID, 2009), pp. 1224–1227.
  10. International Electrotechnical Commission, “Ed. 1: Organic light emitting diode (OLED) displays - Part 6-1: Measuring methods of optical and electro-optical parameters,” Tech. Rep. IEC 62341-6-1 (IEC, 2007).
  11. International Electrotechnical Commission, “Colour measurement and management in multimedia systems and equipment. Part 4: Equipment using liquid crystal display panels,” Tech. Rep. IEC 61966-4 (IEC, 2000).
  12. R. S. Berns, R. J. Motta, and M. E. Gorzynski, “CRT colorimetry, part I: Theory and practice,” Color Res. Appl. 18, 299–314 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Kwak and L. W. Macdonald, “Method for characterizing an LCD projection display,” Proc. SPIE 4294, 110–118 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. L. Post and C. S. Calhoun, “An evaluation of methods for producing desired colors on CRT monitors,” Color Res. Appl. 14, 172–186 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Thomas, J. Y. Hardeberg, I. Foucherot, and P. Gouton, “The PLVC display color characterization model revisited,” Color Res. Appl. 33, 449–460 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. Zou, H. Xu, and R. Gong, “Efficient and accurate local model for colorimetric characterization of liquid-crystal displays,” Opt. Lett. 37, 31–33 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  17. N. Tamura, N. Tsumura, and Y. Miyake, “Masking model for accurate colorimetric characterization of LCD,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11, 1–7 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. R. Luo, G. Cui, and B. Rigg, “The development of the CIE 2000 Colour-Difference formula: CIEDE2000,” Color Res. Appl. 26, 340–350 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  19. P. Hung, “Colorimetric calibration in electronic imaging devices using a look-up-table model and interpolations,” J. Electron. Imaging 2, 53–61 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  20. G. Hong, M. R. Luo, and P. A. Rhodes, “A study of digital camera colorimetric characterization based on polynomial modeling,” Color Res. Appl. 26, 76–84 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. Y. Hardeberg, “Acquisition and reproduction of colour images: colorimetric and multispectral approaches,” Ph.D. dissertation (Ecole Nationale Superieure des Telecommunications, Paris, France, 1999).
  22. T. Johnson, “Methods for characterising colour scanners and digital cameras,” Displays 16, 183–191 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. Wen and R. Wu, “Two-primary crosstalk model for characterizing liquid crystal displays,” Color Res. Appl. 31, 102–108 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2010 (1)

H. Lee, I. Park, J. Kwak, D. Y. Yoon, and C. Lee, “Improvement of electron injection in inverted bottom-emission blue phosphorescent organic light emitting diodes using zinc oxide nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 153306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

D. Shin, J. Woo, Y. Hong, K. Kim, D. Kim, M. Yoo, H. Kim, and M. Kim, “Reducing image sticking in AMOLED displays with time-ratio gray scale by analog calibration,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 17, 705–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

B. Hekmatshoar, A. Z. Kattamis, K. Cherenack, S. Wagner, and J. C. Sturm, “A novel TFT-OLED integration for OLED-independent pixel programming in amorphous-Si AMOLED pixels,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16, 183–188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Thomas, J. Y. Hardeberg, I. Foucherot, and P. Gouton, “The PLVC display color characterization model revisited,” Color Res. Appl. 33, 449–460 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

S. Wen and R. Wu, “Two-primary crosstalk model for characterizing liquid crystal displays,” Color Res. Appl. 31, 102–108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Okutani, M. Kobayashi, and N. Ibaraki, “Quantitative evaluation of display characteristics of AMOLED displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 1119–1125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

N. Tamura, N. Tsumura, and Y. Miyake, “Masking model for accurate colorimetric characterization of LCD,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11, 1–7 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

M. R. Luo, G. Cui, and B. Rigg, “The development of the CIE 2000 Colour-Difference formula: CIEDE2000,” Color Res. Appl. 26, 340–350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Hong, M. R. Luo, and P. A. Rhodes, “A study of digital camera colorimetric characterization based on polynomial modeling,” Color Res. Appl. 26, 76–84 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kwak and L. W. Macdonald, “Method for characterizing an LCD projection display,” Proc. SPIE 4294, 110–118 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

R. S. Berns, “Methods for characterizing CRT displays,” Displays 16, 173–182 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Johnson, “Methods for characterising colour scanners and digital cameras,” Displays 16, 183–191 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

P. Hung, “Colorimetric calibration in electronic imaging devices using a look-up-table model and interpolations,” J. Electron. Imaging 2, 53–61 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Berns, R. J. Motta, and M. E. Gorzynski, “CRT colorimetry, part I: Theory and practice,” Color Res. Appl. 18, 299–314 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

D. L. Post and C. S. Calhoun, “An evaluation of methods for producing desired colors on CRT monitors,” Color Res. Appl. 14, 172–186 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Brainard, “Calibration of a computer controlled color monitor,” Color Res. Appl. 14, 23–34 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Berns, R. S.

R. S. Berns, “Methods for characterizing CRT displays,” Displays 16, 173–182 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Berns, R. J. Motta, and M. E. Gorzynski, “CRT colorimetry, part I: Theory and practice,” Color Res. Appl. 18, 299–314 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Brainard, D. H.

D. H. Brainard, “Calibration of a computer controlled color monitor,” Color Res. Appl. 14, 23–34 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Calhoun, C. S.

D. L. Post and C. S. Calhoun, “An evaluation of methods for producing desired colors on CRT monitors,” Color Res. Appl. 14, 172–186 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Cherenack, K.

B. Hekmatshoar, A. Z. Kattamis, K. Cherenack, S. Wagner, and J. C. Sturm, “A novel TFT-OLED integration for OLED-independent pixel programming in amorphous-Si AMOLED pixels,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16, 183–188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cui, G.

M. R. Luo, G. Cui, and B. Rigg, “The development of the CIE 2000 Colour-Difference formula: CIEDE2000,” Color Res. Appl. 26, 340–350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fairchild, M. D.

M. D. Fairchild and D. R. Wyble, “Colorimetric characterization of the Apple Studio display,” Tech. Rep. (Munsell Color Science Laboratory, 1998), p. 1.

Foucherot, I.

J. Thomas, J. Y. Hardeberg, I. Foucherot, and P. Gouton, “The PLVC display color characterization model revisited,” Color Res. Appl. 33, 449–460 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gong, R.

Gorzynski, M. E.

R. S. Berns, R. J. Motta, and M. E. Gorzynski, “CRT colorimetry, part I: Theory and practice,” Color Res. Appl. 18, 299–314 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gouton, P.

J. Thomas, J. Y. Hardeberg, I. Foucherot, and P. Gouton, “The PLVC display color characterization model revisited,” Color Res. Appl. 33, 449–460 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ha, Y.-H.

Y.-H. Ha, “Image and display quality evaluation,” in IMID Digest (IMID, 2009), pp. 1224–1227.

Hardeberg, J. Y.

J. Thomas, J. Y. Hardeberg, I. Foucherot, and P. Gouton, “The PLVC display color characterization model revisited,” Color Res. Appl. 33, 449–460 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Hardeberg, “Acquisition and reproduction of colour images: colorimetric and multispectral approaches,” Ph.D. dissertation (Ecole Nationale Superieure des Telecommunications, Paris, France, 1999).

Hekmatshoar, B.

B. Hekmatshoar, A. Z. Kattamis, K. Cherenack, S. Wagner, and J. C. Sturm, “A novel TFT-OLED integration for OLED-independent pixel programming in amorphous-Si AMOLED pixels,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16, 183–188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hong, G.

G. Hong, M. R. Luo, and P. A. Rhodes, “A study of digital camera colorimetric characterization based on polynomial modeling,” Color Res. Appl. 26, 76–84 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hong, Y.

D. Shin, J. Woo, Y. Hong, K. Kim, D. Kim, M. Yoo, H. Kim, and M. Kim, “Reducing image sticking in AMOLED displays with time-ratio gray scale by analog calibration,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 17, 705–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hung, P.

P. Hung, “Colorimetric calibration in electronic imaging devices using a look-up-table model and interpolations,” J. Electron. Imaging 2, 53–61 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ibaraki, N.

S. Okutani, M. Kobayashi, and N. Ibaraki, “Quantitative evaluation of display characteristics of AMOLED displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 1119–1125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jang, J. W.

T. Park, J. W. Jang, K. Shin, J. J. Yoo, and H. Shin, “Evaluation of the ability to reproduce preferred colors for mobile displays under ambient illumination condition,” in SID 11 Digest (Society for Information Display, 2011), pp. 1253–1256.
[CrossRef]

Johnson, T.

T. Johnson, “Methods for characterising colour scanners and digital cameras,” Displays 16, 183–191 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kattamis, A. Z.

B. Hekmatshoar, A. Z. Kattamis, K. Cherenack, S. Wagner, and J. C. Sturm, “A novel TFT-OLED integration for OLED-independent pixel programming in amorphous-Si AMOLED pixels,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16, 183–188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.

D. Shin, J. Woo, Y. Hong, K. Kim, D. Kim, M. Yoo, H. Kim, and M. Kim, “Reducing image sticking in AMOLED displays with time-ratio gray scale by analog calibration,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 17, 705–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

D. Shin, J. Woo, Y. Hong, K. Kim, D. Kim, M. Yoo, H. Kim, and M. Kim, “Reducing image sticking in AMOLED displays with time-ratio gray scale by analog calibration,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 17, 705–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

D. Shin, J. Woo, Y. Hong, K. Kim, D. Kim, M. Yoo, H. Kim, and M. Kim, “Reducing image sticking in AMOLED displays with time-ratio gray scale by analog calibration,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 17, 705–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M.

D. Shin, J. Woo, Y. Hong, K. Kim, D. Kim, M. Yoo, H. Kim, and M. Kim, “Reducing image sticking in AMOLED displays with time-ratio gray scale by analog calibration,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 17, 705–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, M.

S. Okutani, M. Kobayashi, and N. Ibaraki, “Quantitative evaluation of display characteristics of AMOLED displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 1119–1125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kwak, J.

H. Lee, I. Park, J. Kwak, D. Y. Yoon, and C. Lee, “Improvement of electron injection in inverted bottom-emission blue phosphorescent organic light emitting diodes using zinc oxide nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 153306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kwak, Y.

Y. Kwak and L. W. Macdonald, “Method for characterizing an LCD projection display,” Proc. SPIE 4294, 110–118 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.

H. Lee, I. Park, J. Kwak, D. Y. Yoon, and C. Lee, “Improvement of electron injection in inverted bottom-emission blue phosphorescent organic light emitting diodes using zinc oxide nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 153306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

H. Lee, I. Park, J. Kwak, D. Y. Yoon, and C. Lee, “Improvement of electron injection in inverted bottom-emission blue phosphorescent organic light emitting diodes using zinc oxide nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 153306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luo, M. R.

M. R. Luo, G. Cui, and B. Rigg, “The development of the CIE 2000 Colour-Difference formula: CIEDE2000,” Color Res. Appl. 26, 340–350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Hong, M. R. Luo, and P. A. Rhodes, “A study of digital camera colorimetric characterization based on polynomial modeling,” Color Res. Appl. 26, 76–84 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Macdonald, L. W.

Y. Kwak and L. W. Macdonald, “Method for characterizing an LCD projection display,” Proc. SPIE 4294, 110–118 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Miyake, Y.

N. Tamura, N. Tsumura, and Y. Miyake, “Masking model for accurate colorimetric characterization of LCD,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11, 1–7 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Motta, R. J.

R. S. Berns, R. J. Motta, and M. E. Gorzynski, “CRT colorimetry, part I: Theory and practice,” Color Res. Appl. 18, 299–314 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Okutani, S.

S. Okutani, M. Kobayashi, and N. Ibaraki, “Quantitative evaluation of display characteristics of AMOLED displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 1119–1125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, I.

H. Lee, I. Park, J. Kwak, D. Y. Yoon, and C. Lee, “Improvement of electron injection in inverted bottom-emission blue phosphorescent organic light emitting diodes using zinc oxide nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 153306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Park, T.

T. Park, J. W. Jang, K. Shin, J. J. Yoo, and H. Shin, “Evaluation of the ability to reproduce preferred colors for mobile displays under ambient illumination condition,” in SID 11 Digest (Society for Information Display, 2011), pp. 1253–1256.
[CrossRef]

Post, D. L.

D. L. Post and C. S. Calhoun, “An evaluation of methods for producing desired colors on CRT monitors,” Color Res. Appl. 14, 172–186 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Rhodes, P. A.

G. Hong, M. R. Luo, and P. A. Rhodes, “A study of digital camera colorimetric characterization based on polynomial modeling,” Color Res. Appl. 26, 76–84 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rigg, B.

M. R. Luo, G. Cui, and B. Rigg, “The development of the CIE 2000 Colour-Difference formula: CIEDE2000,” Color Res. Appl. 26, 340–350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shin, D.

D. Shin, J. Woo, Y. Hong, K. Kim, D. Kim, M. Yoo, H. Kim, and M. Kim, “Reducing image sticking in AMOLED displays with time-ratio gray scale by analog calibration,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 17, 705–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shin, H.

T. Park, J. W. Jang, K. Shin, J. J. Yoo, and H. Shin, “Evaluation of the ability to reproduce preferred colors for mobile displays under ambient illumination condition,” in SID 11 Digest (Society for Information Display, 2011), pp. 1253–1256.
[CrossRef]

Shin, K.

T. Park, J. W. Jang, K. Shin, J. J. Yoo, and H. Shin, “Evaluation of the ability to reproduce preferred colors for mobile displays under ambient illumination condition,” in SID 11 Digest (Society for Information Display, 2011), pp. 1253–1256.
[CrossRef]

Sturm, J. C.

B. Hekmatshoar, A. Z. Kattamis, K. Cherenack, S. Wagner, and J. C. Sturm, “A novel TFT-OLED integration for OLED-independent pixel programming in amorphous-Si AMOLED pixels,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16, 183–188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, N.

N. Tamura, N. Tsumura, and Y. Miyake, “Masking model for accurate colorimetric characterization of LCD,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11, 1–7 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, J.

J. Thomas, J. Y. Hardeberg, I. Foucherot, and P. Gouton, “The PLVC display color characterization model revisited,” Color Res. Appl. 33, 449–460 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tsumura, N.

N. Tamura, N. Tsumura, and Y. Miyake, “Masking model for accurate colorimetric characterization of LCD,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11, 1–7 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, S.

B. Hekmatshoar, A. Z. Kattamis, K. Cherenack, S. Wagner, and J. C. Sturm, “A novel TFT-OLED integration for OLED-independent pixel programming in amorphous-Si AMOLED pixels,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16, 183–188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wen, S.

S. Wen and R. Wu, “Two-primary crosstalk model for characterizing liquid crystal displays,” Color Res. Appl. 31, 102–108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Woo, J.

D. Shin, J. Woo, Y. Hong, K. Kim, D. Kim, M. Yoo, H. Kim, and M. Kim, “Reducing image sticking in AMOLED displays with time-ratio gray scale by analog calibration,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 17, 705–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, R.

S. Wen and R. Wu, “Two-primary crosstalk model for characterizing liquid crystal displays,” Color Res. Appl. 31, 102–108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wyble, D. R.

M. D. Fairchild and D. R. Wyble, “Colorimetric characterization of the Apple Studio display,” Tech. Rep. (Munsell Color Science Laboratory, 1998), p. 1.

Xu, H.

Yoo, J. J.

T. Park, J. W. Jang, K. Shin, J. J. Yoo, and H. Shin, “Evaluation of the ability to reproduce preferred colors for mobile displays under ambient illumination condition,” in SID 11 Digest (Society for Information Display, 2011), pp. 1253–1256.
[CrossRef]

Yoo, M.

D. Shin, J. Woo, Y. Hong, K. Kim, D. Kim, M. Yoo, H. Kim, and M. Kim, “Reducing image sticking in AMOLED displays with time-ratio gray scale by analog calibration,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 17, 705–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, D. Y.

H. Lee, I. Park, J. Kwak, D. Y. Yoon, and C. Lee, “Improvement of electron injection in inverted bottom-emission blue phosphorescent organic light emitting diodes using zinc oxide nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 153306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zou, W.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Lee, I. Park, J. Kwak, D. Y. Yoon, and C. Lee, “Improvement of electron injection in inverted bottom-emission blue phosphorescent organic light emitting diodes using zinc oxide nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 153306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Color Res. Appl. (7)

D. H. Brainard, “Calibration of a computer controlled color monitor,” Color Res. Appl. 14, 23–34 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Berns, R. J. Motta, and M. E. Gorzynski, “CRT colorimetry, part I: Theory and practice,” Color Res. Appl. 18, 299–314 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Post and C. S. Calhoun, “An evaluation of methods for producing desired colors on CRT monitors,” Color Res. Appl. 14, 172–186 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Thomas, J. Y. Hardeberg, I. Foucherot, and P. Gouton, “The PLVC display color characterization model revisited,” Color Res. Appl. 33, 449–460 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Luo, G. Cui, and B. Rigg, “The development of the CIE 2000 Colour-Difference formula: CIEDE2000,” Color Res. Appl. 26, 340–350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Hong, M. R. Luo, and P. A. Rhodes, “A study of digital camera colorimetric characterization based on polynomial modeling,” Color Res. Appl. 26, 76–84 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Wen and R. Wu, “Two-primary crosstalk model for characterizing liquid crystal displays,” Color Res. Appl. 31, 102–108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Displays (2)

T. Johnson, “Methods for characterising colour scanners and digital cameras,” Displays 16, 183–191 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Berns, “Methods for characterizing CRT displays,” Displays 16, 173–182 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Electron. Imaging (1)

P. Hung, “Colorimetric calibration in electronic imaging devices using a look-up-table model and interpolations,” J. Electron. Imaging 2, 53–61 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (4)

N. Tamura, N. Tsumura, and Y. Miyake, “Masking model for accurate colorimetric characterization of LCD,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11, 1–7 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Hekmatshoar, A. Z. Kattamis, K. Cherenack, S. Wagner, and J. C. Sturm, “A novel TFT-OLED integration for OLED-independent pixel programming in amorphous-Si AMOLED pixels,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16, 183–188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Okutani, M. Kobayashi, and N. Ibaraki, “Quantitative evaluation of display characteristics of AMOLED displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 1119–1125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Shin, J. Woo, Y. Hong, K. Kim, D. Kim, M. Yoo, H. Kim, and M. Kim, “Reducing image sticking in AMOLED displays with time-ratio gray scale by analog calibration,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 17, 705–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

Y. Kwak and L. W. Macdonald, “Method for characterizing an LCD projection display,” Proc. SPIE 4294, 110–118 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

J. Y. Hardeberg, “Acquisition and reproduction of colour images: colorimetric and multispectral approaches,” Ph.D. dissertation (Ecole Nationale Superieure des Telecommunications, Paris, France, 1999).

M. D. Fairchild and D. R. Wyble, “Colorimetric characterization of the Apple Studio display,” Tech. Rep. (Munsell Color Science Laboratory, 1998), p. 1.

T. Park, J. W. Jang, K. Shin, J. J. Yoo, and H. Shin, “Evaluation of the ability to reproduce preferred colors for mobile displays under ambient illumination condition,” in SID 11 Digest (Society for Information Display, 2011), pp. 1253–1256.
[CrossRef]

Y.-H. Ha, “Image and display quality evaluation,” in IMID Digest (IMID, 2009), pp. 1224–1227.

International Electrotechnical Commission, “Ed. 1: Organic light emitting diode (OLED) displays - Part 6-1: Measuring methods of optical and electro-optical parameters,” Tech. Rep. IEC 62341-6-1 (IEC, 2007).

International Electrotechnical Commission, “Colour measurement and management in multimedia systems and equipment. Part 4: Equipment using liquid crystal display panels,” Tech. Rep. IEC 61966-4 (IEC, 2000).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Measurement geometry of the TSR and the tested displays.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Differences Δ X Y Z of tristimulus values between “measured X Y Z ” and “additive X Y Z ” for the four additive “channels” of Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Gray.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

CIE1976 u v chromaticity coordinates of three primary channels and four additive “channels” for the two AMOLED panels and EIZO display.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. CIEDE2000 Color Differences to Test the Prediction Accuracy of the Six Colorimetric Characterization Models for the Two AMOLED Panels and EIZO Display

Tables Icon

Table 2. CIEDE2000 Color Difference as the Prediction Accuracy of the PC Model, with Comparison to 3D-LUT and Polynomial Regression Methods, for all the Displays

Equations (12)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

[ X Y Z ] = [ x R max y R max x G max y G max x B max y B max 1 1 1 z R max y R max z G max y G max z B max y B max ] [ Y ( d R ) Y ( d G ) Y ( d B ) ] + [ X 0 Y 0 Z 0 ] ,
[ X Y Z ] = [ x R y R x G y G x B y B 1 1 1 z R y R z G y G z B y B ] [ Y ( d R ) Y ( d G ) Y ( d B ) ] + [ X 0 Y 0 Z 0 ] .
Δ X Y Z i = m X Y Z i p X Y Z i ,
1 : ρ i = [ 1 r g b r 2 g 2 b 2 ] ,
2 : ρ i = [ 1 r g b r 2 g 2 b 2 r g r b b g ] ,
3 : ρ i = [ 1 r g b r 2 g 2 b 2 r g r b b g r g b ] ,
4 : ρ i = [ 1 r g b r 2 g 2 b 2 r g r b b g r g b r g 2 r 2 g b 2 g g 2 b r 2 b r b 2 ] .
D = P M PC .
E = i = 1 N ( Δ X Y Z i ρ i M PC ) 2 ,
M PC = ( P T P ) 1 P T D .
R = P M poly ,
M poly = ( P T P ) 1 P T R .

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