Abstract

Recent developments in optical communication systems have presented an emerging need for scanning and tracking dynamic targets with high accuracy. Unfortunately, conventional scanners have difficulty supplying either sufficient vision information or high scanning resolution because of the fixed optical parameters and optomechanical structure. This paper introduces a novel cascaded double-prism scanner that combines the two scanning modes of rotating and titling motions into a nested device. The analysis results show that both the vertical field angle range and the horizontal field range of the coarse scanning are no less than ±10°, with the scanning accuracy superior to 50 μrad, while the vertical field angle range and the horizontal field range of the fine scanning are, respectively, no less than 2500 μrad and 1200 μrad, with the scanning accuracy superior to 1 μrad. The scanning method not only meets the requirements of collaboratively steering the beam deviation in a large range with high accuracy but also can obtain a variety of scanning modes and trajectories, which has important engineering significance for the solution of steering a fine beam to track and position a dynamical target.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011 (2)

G. García-Torales, J. L. Flores, and R. X. Muñoz, “High precision prism scanning system,” Proc. SPIE 6422, 64220X (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, “Third-order theory of the Risley-prism-based beam steering system,” Appl. Opt. 50, 679–686 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

V.-F. Duma, P. R. Jannick, and A. G. Podoleanu, “Perspectives of optical scanning in OCT,” Proc. SPIE 7556, 75560B (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

W. Cuypers, N. VanGestel, A. Voet, J.-P. Kruth, J. Mingneau, and P. Bleys, “Optical measurement techniques for mobile and large-scale dimensional metrology,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 47, 292–300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. F. Duma and M. Nicolov, “Neutral density filters with Risley prisms: analysis and design,” Appl. Opt. 48, 2678–2685(2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

Y. Yang, “Analytic solution of free space optical beam steering using Risley prisms,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 3576–3583 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Luan, L. Liu, L. Wang, and D. Liu, “Large-optics white light interferometer for laser wavefront test: apparatus and application,” Proc. SPIE 7091, 70910Q (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, L. Liu, Z. Luan, J. Sun, Y. Zhou, and D. Liu, “The mechanical design of the large-optics double-shearing interferometer for the test of the diffraction-limited wave front,” Proc. SPIE 7091, 70910S (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

W. C. Warger and C. A. DiMarzio, “Dual-wedge scanning confocal reflectance microscope,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2140–2142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Vrhovec, I. Kovac, and M. Munih, “Optical deflection measuring system,” Precis. Eng. 31, 188–195 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

D. T. Booth, S. E. Cox, and R. D. Berryman, “Precision measurements from very-large scale aerial digital imagery,” Environ. Monit. Assess. 112, 293–307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Li, L. Liu, J. Sun, X. Zhong, L. Wang, D. Liu, and Z. Luan, “Research on a scanner for tilting orthogonal double prisms,” Appl. Opt. 45, 8063–8069 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

L. Wan, A. Li, L. Wang, Z. Luan, and L. Liu, “Design of an optical testbed for in-lab testing and validation for the intersatellite lasercom terminals,” Proc. SPIE 5892, 58921N (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Sun, L. Liu, M. Yun, L. Wan, and M. Zhang, “The effect of the rotating double-prism wide-angle laser beam scanner on the beam shape,” Optik 116, 553–556 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

Y. Koyama, E. Morikawa, K. Shiratama, R. Suzuki, and Y. Yasuda, “Optical terminal for NeLS in-orbit demonstration,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 29–36 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

G. K. Knopf and D. Nancoo, “Optical control using an acousto-optic scanner,” Proc. SPIE 5264, 170–178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

L. S. Wang, D. L. Lee, M. Y. Nie, and Z. W. Zheng, “A study of the precision factors of large-scale object surface profile laser scanning measurement,” J. Mater. Process. Technol. 129, 584–587 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Garcia-Torales, M. Strojnik, and G. Paez, “Risley prisms to control wave-front tilt and displacement in a vectorial shearing interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 41, 1380–1384 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

Akihiro, H.

H. Akihiro, K. Mamoru, H. Tadashi, and M. Hitoshi, “Rapid depth scanning optical imaging device,” U.S. Patent 7133138 (2006).

Alonso, A.

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Arai, K.

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Berryman, R. D.

D. T. Booth, S. E. Cox, and R. D. Berryman, “Precision measurements from very-large scale aerial digital imagery,” Environ. Monit. Assess. 112, 293–307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bleys, P.

W. Cuypers, N. VanGestel, A. Voet, J.-P. Kruth, J. Mingneau, and P. Bleys, “Optical measurement techniques for mobile and large-scale dimensional metrology,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 47, 292–300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Booth, D. T.

D. T. Booth, S. E. Cox, and R. D. Berryman, “Precision measurements from very-large scale aerial digital imagery,” Environ. Monit. Assess. 112, 293–307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cox, S. E.

D. T. Booth, S. E. Cox, and R. D. Berryman, “Precision measurements from very-large scale aerial digital imagery,” Environ. Monit. Assess. 112, 293–307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cuypers, W.

W. Cuypers, N. VanGestel, A. Voet, J.-P. Kruth, J. Mingneau, and P. Bleys, “Optical measurement techniques for mobile and large-scale dimensional metrology,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 47, 292–300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Demelenne, B.

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

DiMarzio, C. A.

Duma, V. F.

Duma, V.-F.

V.-F. Duma, P. R. Jannick, and A. G. Podoleanu, “Perspectives of optical scanning in OCT,” Proc. SPIE 7556, 75560B (2010).
[CrossRef]

Flores, J. L.

G. García-Torales, J. L. Flores, and R. X. Muñoz, “High precision prism scanning system,” Proc. SPIE 6422, 64220X (2011).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Torales, G.

García-Torales, G.

G. García-Torales, J. L. Flores, and R. X. Muñoz, “High precision prism scanning system,” Proc. SPIE 6422, 64220X (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hitoshi, M.

H. Akihiro, K. Mamoru, H. Tadashi, and M. Hitoshi, “Rapid depth scanning optical imaging device,” U.S. Patent 7133138 (2006).

Ito, T.

Jannick, P. R.

V.-F. Duma, P. R. Jannick, and A. G. Podoleanu, “Perspectives of optical scanning in OCT,” Proc. SPIE 7556, 75560B (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kiyokura, T.

Knopf, G. K.

G. K. Knopf and D. Nancoo, “Optical control using an acousto-optic scanner,” Proc. SPIE 5264, 170–178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kovac, I.

M. Vrhovec, I. Kovac, and M. Munih, “Optical deflection measuring system,” Precis. Eng. 31, 188–195 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, Y.

Y. Koyama, E. Morikawa, K. Shiratama, R. Suzuki, and Y. Yasuda, “Optical terminal for NeLS in-orbit demonstration,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 29–36 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kruth, J.-P.

W. Cuypers, N. VanGestel, A. Voet, J.-P. Kruth, J. Mingneau, and P. Bleys, “Optical measurement techniques for mobile and large-scale dimensional metrology,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 47, 292–300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D. L.

L. S. Wang, D. L. Lee, M. Y. Nie, and Z. W. Zheng, “A study of the precision factors of large-scale object surface profile laser scanning measurement,” J. Mater. Process. Technol. 129, 584–587 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, A.

A. Li, L. Liu, J. Sun, X. Zhong, L. Wang, D. Liu, and Z. Luan, “Research on a scanner for tilting orthogonal double prisms,” Appl. Opt. 45, 8063–8069 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Wan, A. Li, L. Wang, Z. Luan, and L. Liu, “Design of an optical testbed for in-lab testing and validation for the intersatellite lasercom terminals,” Proc. SPIE 5892, 58921N (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Liu, D.

Z. Luan, L. Liu, L. Wang, and D. Liu, “Large-optics white light interferometer for laser wavefront test: apparatus and application,” Proc. SPIE 7091, 70910Q (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, L. Liu, Z. Luan, J. Sun, Y. Zhou, and D. Liu, “The mechanical design of the large-optics double-shearing interferometer for the test of the diffraction-limited wave front,” Proc. SPIE 7091, 70910S (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Li, L. Liu, J. Sun, X. Zhong, L. Wang, D. Liu, and Z. Luan, “Research on a scanner for tilting orthogonal double prisms,” Appl. Opt. 45, 8063–8069 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

Z. Luan, L. Liu, L. Wang, and D. Liu, “Large-optics white light interferometer for laser wavefront test: apparatus and application,” Proc. SPIE 7091, 70910Q (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, L. Liu, Z. Luan, J. Sun, Y. Zhou, and D. Liu, “The mechanical design of the large-optics double-shearing interferometer for the test of the diffraction-limited wave front,” Proc. SPIE 7091, 70910S (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Li, L. Liu, J. Sun, X. Zhong, L. Wang, D. Liu, and Z. Luan, “Research on a scanner for tilting orthogonal double prisms,” Appl. Opt. 45, 8063–8069 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Sun, L. Liu, M. Yun, L. Wan, and M. Zhang, “The effect of the rotating double-prism wide-angle laser beam scanner on the beam shape,” Optik 116, 553–556 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Wan, A. Li, L. Wang, Z. Luan, and L. Liu, “Design of an optical testbed for in-lab testing and validation for the intersatellite lasercom terminals,” Proc. SPIE 5892, 58921N (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luan, Z.

L. Wang, L. Liu, Z. Luan, J. Sun, Y. Zhou, and D. Liu, “The mechanical design of the large-optics double-shearing interferometer for the test of the diffraction-limited wave front,” Proc. SPIE 7091, 70910S (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Luan, L. Liu, L. Wang, and D. Liu, “Large-optics white light interferometer for laser wavefront test: apparatus and application,” Proc. SPIE 7091, 70910Q (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Li, L. Liu, J. Sun, X. Zhong, L. Wang, D. Liu, and Z. Luan, “Research on a scanner for tilting orthogonal double prisms,” Appl. Opt. 45, 8063–8069 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Wan, A. Li, L. Wang, Z. Luan, and L. Liu, “Design of an optical testbed for in-lab testing and validation for the intersatellite lasercom terminals,” Proc. SPIE 5892, 58921N (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mamoru, K.

H. Akihiro, K. Mamoru, H. Tadashi, and M. Hitoshi, “Rapid depth scanning optical imaging device,” U.S. Patent 7133138 (2006).

Mingneau, J.

W. Cuypers, N. VanGestel, A. Voet, J.-P. Kruth, J. Mingneau, and P. Bleys, “Optical measurement techniques for mobile and large-scale dimensional metrology,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 47, 292–300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Morikawa, E.

Y. Koyama, E. Morikawa, K. Shiratama, R. Suzuki, and Y. Yasuda, “Optical terminal for NeLS in-orbit demonstration,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 29–36 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Munih, M.

M. Vrhovec, I. Kovac, and M. Munih, “Optical deflection measuring system,” Precis. Eng. 31, 188–195 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Muñoz, R. X.

G. García-Torales, J. L. Flores, and R. X. Muñoz, “High precision prism scanning system,” Proc. SPIE 6422, 64220X (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nancoo, D.

G. K. Knopf and D. Nancoo, “Optical control using an acousto-optic scanner,” Proc. SPIE 5264, 170–178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nicolov, M.

Nie, M. Y.

L. S. Wang, D. L. Lee, M. Y. Nie, and Z. W. Zheng, “A study of the precision factors of large-scale object surface profile laser scanning measurement,” J. Mater. Process. Technol. 129, 584–587 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Paez, G.

Podoleanu, A. G.

V.-F. Duma, P. R. Jannick, and A. G. Podoleanu, “Perspectives of optical scanning in OCT,” Proc. SPIE 7556, 75560B (2010).
[CrossRef]

Reyes, M.

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sawada, R.

Shiratama, K.

Y. Koyama, E. Morikawa, K. Shiratama, R. Suzuki, and Y. Yasuda, “Optical terminal for NeLS in-orbit demonstration,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 29–36 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sodnik, Z.

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Strojnik, M.

Sun, J.

L. Wang, L. Liu, Z. Luan, J. Sun, Y. Zhou, and D. Liu, “The mechanical design of the large-optics double-shearing interferometer for the test of the diffraction-limited wave front,” Proc. SPIE 7091, 70910S (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Li, L. Liu, J. Sun, X. Zhong, L. Wang, D. Liu, and Z. Luan, “Research on a scanner for tilting orthogonal double prisms,” Appl. Opt. 45, 8063–8069 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Sun, L. Liu, M. Yun, L. Wan, and M. Zhang, “The effect of the rotating double-prism wide-angle laser beam scanner on the beam shape,” Optik 116, 553–556 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, R.

Y. Koyama, E. Morikawa, K. Shiratama, R. Suzuki, and Y. Yasuda, “Optical terminal for NeLS in-orbit demonstration,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 29–36 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tadashi, H.

H. Akihiro, K. Mamoru, H. Tadashi, and M. Hitoshi, “Rapid depth scanning optical imaging device,” U.S. Patent 7133138 (2006).

Toyoshima, M.

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

VanGestel, N.

W. Cuypers, N. VanGestel, A. Voet, J.-P. Kruth, J. Mingneau, and P. Bleys, “Optical measurement techniques for mobile and large-scale dimensional metrology,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 47, 292–300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Voet, A.

W. Cuypers, N. VanGestel, A. Voet, J.-P. Kruth, J. Mingneau, and P. Bleys, “Optical measurement techniques for mobile and large-scale dimensional metrology,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 47, 292–300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vrhovec, M.

M. Vrhovec, I. Kovac, and M. Munih, “Optical deflection measuring system,” Precis. Eng. 31, 188–195 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wan, L.

L. Wan, A. Li, L. Wang, Z. Luan, and L. Liu, “Design of an optical testbed for in-lab testing and validation for the intersatellite lasercom terminals,” Proc. SPIE 5892, 58921N (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Sun, L. Liu, M. Yun, L. Wan, and M. Zhang, “The effect of the rotating double-prism wide-angle laser beam scanner on the beam shape,” Optik 116, 553–556 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

Z. Luan, L. Liu, L. Wang, and D. Liu, “Large-optics white light interferometer for laser wavefront test: apparatus and application,” Proc. SPIE 7091, 70910Q (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, L. Liu, Z. Luan, J. Sun, Y. Zhou, and D. Liu, “The mechanical design of the large-optics double-shearing interferometer for the test of the diffraction-limited wave front,” Proc. SPIE 7091, 70910S (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Li, L. Liu, J. Sun, X. Zhong, L. Wang, D. Liu, and Z. Luan, “Research on a scanner for tilting orthogonal double prisms,” Appl. Opt. 45, 8063–8069 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Wan, A. Li, L. Wang, Z. Luan, and L. Liu, “Design of an optical testbed for in-lab testing and validation for the intersatellite lasercom terminals,” Proc. SPIE 5892, 58921N (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. S.

L. S. Wang, D. L. Lee, M. Y. Nie, and Z. W. Zheng, “A study of the precision factors of large-scale object surface profile laser scanning measurement,” J. Mater. Process. Technol. 129, 584–587 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Warger, W. C.

Yamakawa, S.

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yamawaki, T.

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

Yasuda, Y.

Y. Koyama, E. Morikawa, K. Shiratama, R. Suzuki, and Y. Yasuda, “Optical terminal for NeLS in-orbit demonstration,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 29–36 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yun, M.

J. Sun, L. Liu, M. Yun, L. Wan, and M. Zhang, “The effect of the rotating double-prism wide-angle laser beam scanner on the beam shape,” Optik 116, 553–556 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, M.

J. Sun, L. Liu, M. Yun, L. Wan, and M. Zhang, “The effect of the rotating double-prism wide-angle laser beam scanner on the beam shape,” Optik 116, 553–556 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Z. W.

L. S. Wang, D. L. Lee, M. Y. Nie, and Z. W. Zheng, “A study of the precision factors of large-scale object surface profile laser scanning measurement,” J. Mater. Process. Technol. 129, 584–587 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, X.

Zhou, Y.

L. Wang, L. Liu, Z. Luan, J. Sun, Y. Zhou, and D. Liu, “The mechanical design of the large-optics double-shearing interferometer for the test of the diffraction-limited wave front,” Proc. SPIE 7091, 70910S (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Environ. Monit. Assess. (1)

D. T. Booth, S. E. Cox, and R. D. Berryman, “Precision measurements from very-large scale aerial digital imagery,” Environ. Monit. Assess. 112, 293–307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Mater. Process. Technol. (1)

L. S. Wang, D. L. Lee, M. Y. Nie, and Z. W. Zheng, “A study of the precision factors of large-scale object surface profile laser scanning measurement,” J. Mater. Process. Technol. 129, 584–587 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

W. Cuypers, N. VanGestel, A. Voet, J.-P. Kruth, J. Mingneau, and P. Bleys, “Optical measurement techniques for mobile and large-scale dimensional metrology,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 47, 292–300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optik (1)

J. Sun, L. Liu, M. Yun, L. Wan, and M. Zhang, “The effect of the rotating double-prism wide-angle laser beam scanner on the beam shape,” Optik 116, 553–556 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Precis. Eng. (1)

M. Vrhovec, I. Kovac, and M. Munih, “Optical deflection measuring system,” Precis. Eng. 31, 188–195 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (8)

V.-F. Duma, P. R. Jannick, and A. G. Podoleanu, “Perspectives of optical scanning in OCT,” Proc. SPIE 7556, 75560B (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Wan, A. Li, L. Wang, Z. Luan, and L. Liu, “Design of an optical testbed for in-lab testing and validation for the intersatellite lasercom terminals,” Proc. SPIE 5892, 58921N (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. K. Knopf and D. Nancoo, “Optical control using an acousto-optic scanner,” Proc. SPIE 5264, 170–178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. García-Torales, J. L. Flores, and R. X. Muñoz, “High precision prism scanning system,” Proc. SPIE 6422, 64220X (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Luan, L. Liu, L. Wang, and D. Liu, “Large-optics white light interferometer for laser wavefront test: apparatus and application,” Proc. SPIE 7091, 70910Q (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, L. Liu, Z. Luan, J. Sun, Y. Zhou, and D. Liu, “The mechanical design of the large-optics double-shearing interferometer for the test of the diffraction-limited wave front,” Proc. SPIE 7091, 70910S (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Koyama, E. Morikawa, K. Shiratama, R. Suzuki, and Y. Yasuda, “Optical terminal for NeLS in-orbit demonstration,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 29–36 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

G. F. Marshall, ed., Handbook of Optical and Laser Scanning (Marcel Dekker, 2004).

H. Akihiro, K. Mamoru, H. Tadashi, and M. Hitoshi, “Rapid depth scanning optical imaging device,” U.S. Patent 7133138 (2006).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scanning principle of the integrated device.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Relations between the change rate of the tilting angle and (a) prism 1 γ1, (b) prism 2 γ2.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Overall design sketch.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Design of the rotating motion and the tilting motion: (a) the rotating motion, (b) the tilting motion.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Control system.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Displacement, velocity, and acceleration of a point (a) on the X axis, (b) on the Y axis, (c) on the Z axis.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Scanning mode 1: (a) τ with γ1 and γ2, (b) σ with γ1 and γ2.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Scanning mode 2: (a) τ with θ1 and θ2, (b) σ with θ1 and θ2.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Scanning mode 3: (a) τ with θ1 and γ2, (b) σ with θ1 and γ2.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Test scheme of coarse and fine scanner: (a) in the scanning range test for the rotating double-prism scanner, two prisms both rotate around the Z axis; (b) for the scanning accuracy test for the orthogonally tilting double-prism scanner, prism 1 tilts around the Y axis and prism 2 tilts around X axis.

Tables (3)

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Table 1. Different Wedge Angles α for Total Deviation Angle δr-total and Vertical Field Angle τr

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Table 2. Different Wedge Angles α for Vertical Field Angle τt and Horizontal Field Angle δt

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Table 3. Beam Scanning Errors Influenced by System Error Sources (μrad)

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Arf=((Acosθ2+sinθ2sinΔθsinδ)Asin+cosθ2sinΔθsinδB),
A=sinδr2cosδr1+cosδr2cosΔθsinδr1,B=cosδr2cosδr1sinδr2cosΔθsinδr1,δr1=arcsin{nsinα}α,δr2=ir2+Cα,C=arcsin[sinα(n¯2sin2ir2)1/2cosαsinir2],Δθ=|θ2θ1|,ir2=αarctan{cos(θ2θ1)tanδ1},n¯=[n2+(n21)/tan2Θ]1/2,Θ=arccos{sin(θ2θ1)sinδr1}.
τt=arctana3c3=arctancotφcos(θ12δt2).
σt=arctanb3c3=arctansin(θ12δt2)cos(θ12δt2).
δt-total=arccos(a1a3+b1b3+c1c3),

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